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Upper Saake River Branch 
Genealogical library 




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629 6 



David O. McKay 
Learning Resources Center 
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92 Washington Street. 


4'; J 482 


Expecting that the Register would have been issued two weeks ago, I 
had written a Preface, taking my leave of the work, and of its patrons, so 
far as the Register was concerned, for reasons which follow. I did not 
then imagine or believe that it would be continued further. But since that 
was in type, a gentleman, Mr. Joel Munsell of Albany, has volunteered 
to publish it, and Mr. Wm. B. Trask has volunteered to edit the first 
number of the coming year. Nothing need be said introductory of either 
of these gentlemen. The subscribers to the Register cannot fail to have 
the fullest confidence that they will be served in the most unexceptionable 
manner in both departments. 

What follows of this Preface was written under the impression that the 
work was at an end. I have thought proper to let it go to its patrons, 
hoping it may be of some benefit to the Society which it has built up, and 
to the present Publisher, who has my warmest wishes that it may prove 
both a source of profit and honor. 

This is no time to make pretensions, and to misrepresent the case of this 
Periodical. It is discontinued for the want of adequate support, and its 
friends have a right to know its history, its progress, and termination. I 
shall therefore proceed in the first person, in a plain and brief way, to de- 
tail the facts as they are. 

Many of the warm friends of the Register, who have stood by it through 
its whole course, will doubtless wonder that it is discontinued ; and a few 
of them, who have exerted themselves to extend its circulation, will have 
just cause to wonder also if there were not friends enough thus to exert 
themselves to prevent the announced result. And perhaps in a distant 
day there may be those who will come to the conclusion that their ances- 
tors, who were living through the decade and a half of years in which the 
Register has existed, were exceeding remiss in not having transmitted a 
copy of it to their descendants. 

This work, or one of a similar character, ought to continue until all, or 
proper abstracts of all, the Town, Church, and Probate Records were 
transferred to its pages, in all the early-organized towns of New England, 
up to the year 1700 at least. Until these records are printed, scarcely any 
family can be traced with any d<~^ree of satisfaction. Each State should 
take the matter in hand without le«s of time. In this State it is well known 
that money enough has been squandered on a publication of a portion of 
its records, to have published those of half the towns in the whole Com- 
monwealth within the period mentioned. Some 200,000 dollars have been 


longer. Some presuming that, as it is issu( d under the direction of the So- 
ciety, they ought to receive it gratuitously. Some neglect payment for 
several years. Such generally reside remote from the City, and usually 
repudiate at last ; some under one pretence and some under another, and 
some without any. The names of such parties will remain on the books 
of Register Accounts, to be preserved in the archives of the Society. 

With all its bad fortune, the Register can hardly be called a short-lived 
periodical, for, in reviewing its list of subscribers, it is seen that during its 
time no inconsiderable part of a generation has passed away. Notices of 
deceased patrons are contained in its obituary pages whenever materials 
for them could be had. 

A considerable number of persons have from time to time subscribed 
for the Register, under an impression that the first issue of the work would 
contain their genealogies, without any agency of their own. Such patrons 
imagined the Editor knew everybody's genealogy, and could give them 
from the " Dark Ages" to the present time. These had, probably, about 
as definite a notion of the locality of the Dark Ages, as how they came by 
their impressions. Others fancied that such a publication would speedily 
inform them how they might obtain the immense fortunes coming to them 
from England, which had lain there unclaimed for a period as definite as 
their knowledge in the other particular. Of course, all such subscribers 
soon withdrew their patronage in disgust, and were ready to class the work 
in the extensive catalogue of humbugs. 

There may be those of my readers who will question the propriety of 
the details in this Preface. Some may think as another did on an occasion 
not entirely dissimilar, namely, that " it is bad enough to be poor without 
telling everybody of it." I have my own notions on such matters. It is 
well understood by all who read the Register that it is a record of truths 
and facts. They will understand now that the Publisher is not begging 
for patronage. Had he been a beggar and a politician, possibly he might 
have fared as well as some others he could, but it is not necessary now, to 
name. See Reg., vol. xii., p. 358-360. 

The experiment of an Antiquarian Periodical in New England has been 
fully tried, and when, if ever, it shall be tried again, I hope the adventure 
will be attended with better success than the present. 

There are gentlemen who, with myself, have made sacrifices to enable 
the. work to continue ; some of whom have induced quite a large number 
to subscribe for it; others have paid for several extra copies for two, 
three, or more years. But though the number of these friends is small, 
and I would gladly place their names here, yet I have thought it might 
not be expedient in respect to some with whose exertions I may not be 
fully cognizant. 




Vol. XV. JANUARY. 1861. No. 1. 


[By Asiibel Woodward, M. D., of Franklin, Conn.] 

The reputation men leave behind them depends materially upon cir- 
cumstances unconnected with their services on earth. Where individuals 
have acted an important part in moulding the history of their time, pos- 
terity, by oft-repeated siftings and reviews, will in the end generally mete 
out to each the proper measure of credit. 

Still, not a few brave men who sacrificed fortune and life to secure our 
national independence, — men held in high estimation by the most honored 
of their cotemporaries, — have been allowed a very inadequate place in 
the national records and the national remembrance. Some are forgotten 
because their acts of heroism were performed in the shadows cast by 
greater names. Others achieved too much to pass into oblivion, yet fall far 
short of receiving their deserts through the modesty or indifference of those 
to whom their reputation was more immediately intrusted. This, we think, 
is true of Col. Knowlton. We believe that the position has not been 
awarded to him in the history of the colonial and revolutionary periods, to 
which his sagacity and valor, his patriotism and distinguished public ser- 
vices entitle him. 

Col. Thomas Knowlton was born in the town of West Boxford, Mass., 
November, 1740. The church records of that place show that he was 
baptized on the thirtieth day of November, and as the ceremony of bap- 
tism was then almost invariably performed on the eighth day afterbirth, we 
may infer that he was born on the twenty-second of that month. The 
Knowlton family were of English origin, and among the earliest settlers 
of Massachusetts. During the boyhood of Thomas, his father William 
Knowlton removed from Boxford to the town of Ashford, in the prov- 
ince of Connecticut, where he purchased a farm of four hundred acres. 

Not long after the commencement of the " Last French War," in 
1755, Knowlton began his military career by enlisting as a private in the 
company commanded by Capt. Durkee. He continued in the army about 
four years, and was successively promoted to the rank of sergeant, ensign, 
and lieutenant, holding the last office in the campaign of 1760, which was 
signalized by the capture of Canada from the French. 

He was present at the battle of Wood Creek, fought in the month of 
August, 1758. It was here that Major Putnam, having been captured by 
an Indian warrior, was tied to a tree, where, during a considerable part of 
the fight, he was exposed to the fire of both friends and foes. The cir- 
cumstances of the contest relating more particularly to young Knowlton, 
as narrated by his son, are these : A scouting party, embracing with 

2 Col. Thomas Knowlton. [Jan. 

others the company of Capt. Durkee, had been sent out from the English 
army to intercept the French and Indian stragglers who were thought to 
be ranging the forests in the vicinity. While thus engaged they found at 
Wood Creek an encampment bearing marks of recent occupation. The 
discovery of kettles and various other articles secreted among the neighbor- 
ing bogs and brush, induced the belief that the enemy designed to return. 
Accordingly the Provincials took possession of the grounds and prepared 
to receive them. But after the lapse of a day or two, a party of English, 
while ascending the creek on a fishing excursion, encountered a couple 
of French boats descending. On espying the character of the new 
comers, the French turning about rowed rapidly up the stream. Feeling 
that it would be idle to delay any longer in the hope of surprising the 
enemy, now that their location was known, the Provincials abandoned 
this position of security to seek the foe. The attempt was full of peril, 
for the route lay through a heavy forest rendered almost impassable by 
the dense growth of brakes and underwood. While cautiously advancing 
in single file, a storm of bullets was suddenly showered upon them by an 
ambuscade of French and Indians. So thick was the undergrowth that 
not a foe was visible, the musketry and the smoke wreaths alone reveal- 
ing their deadly lurking places. The English sought shelter behind the 
trunks of trees, fighting in a great measure independently of each other. 

At an early stage of the conflict the attention of young Knowlton was 
attracted by a quivering among the brakes, and a moment after he saw 
an Indian crawling stealthily on hands and knees into the path just formed 
by the footsteps of the English. He immediately shot the Indian, and 
having reloaded his musket, sprang forward to secure his scalp for a 
trophy. Just as he reached the victim ten or twelve Indians jumped up 
from the grass on all sides of him, each beckoning to the lad to come to 
his arms as a prisoner. Not at all intimidated by this closing circle of 
savage foes, the boy-soldier, with a boldness and dexterity that for a mo 
ment paralyzed their energies, shot down the nearest warrior, and, bound 
ing over his prostrate body, regained his comrades in safety, though pur 
sued by a shower of balls. Meanwhile the action had become general 
Both parties fought desperately, and success alternated from side to side 
At length the troops had become so scattered and commingled among the 
brakes that all regularity was lost, each one managing and fighting for 
himself. At this stage of the conflict, Knowlton, on entering a small 
open space, saw a Frenchman enter on the opposite side. Each snapped 
his musket, and both muskets missed fire. As neither of them had bay- 
onets, the Frenchman endeavored to draw a dirk, but before he could 
succeed, Knowlton had clasped him around the waist and now exerted all 
his strength to throw him. But the endurance of the large and powerful 
man proved an overmatch for the immature though active boy. Knowlton 
was thrown, but at this juncture an American soldier fortunately entered 
the opening when their antagonist begged for quarters. Having re-primed 
his gun Knowlton and his companion began to lead away the prisoner, 
when he sprang from their hands and attempted to escape, but ere he had 
run many steps his flight was stopped forever by a ball from the musket 
of Knowlton. 

The two associates in this adventure, from whom the rest had become 
separated by retreat, now attempted to rejoin the main body of troops. 
After running in different directions, and being shot at several times, they 
gained the rear of the English. During the engagement Knowlton's coat 

1861.] Col. Thomas Knowlion. 3 

was perforated on the shoulder by a ball, but he escaped unharmed. For 
the valor here exhibited he was promoted to a sergeancy, and before the 
close of the war was raised to the rank of lieutenant. 

VVhen we reflect that such heroism and judgment were displayed by a 
youth of less than eighteen years, we are not surprised to find him, at the 
maturer age of thirty-six, accounted the first' officer of his grade in the 
American army. 

He was present at the capture of Ticonderoga and performed other 
services in the campaigns of 1759-60 which brought the French and 
Indian war to a close. 

Upon the commencement of hostilities between Spain and England in 
1762, Knovvlton sailed with the Provincials under Gen. Lyman to join 
Lord Albemarle for the reduction of Havana. After a long and brave 
defence the Spanish surrendered. But the climate proved more disas- 
trous to the Americans and English than the batteries of the enemy. 
When the place capitulated, August 13th, disease had already made 
frightful ravages among our men. Comparatively a small part surviving 
the hazards of the expedition were spared to return to their homes. On 
the return passage Knowlton was challenged to fight a duel by a British 
officer, whom he had rebuked for some offence perpetrated while in 
liquor. But on maturer reflection, either becoming convinced of his error 
or fearful of encountering so cool and determined an adversary, the 
Englishman withdrew the challenge and apologized for his haste. 

Col. Knowlton had married, April 5, 1759, Miss Anna, daughter of 
Sampson Keyes, of Ashford. Subsequently to the general pacification 
which succeeded the fall of Havana, he followed the quiet pursuits of 
agriculture at home in Ashford. There he continued to reside in the 
bosom of an affectionate family till the growing alienation between the 
Colonies and the Mother Country blazed into deadly hoslility at Lexing- 
ton and Concord. During this interval of repose he sustained among his 
feljow-townsmen a high character for honesty and discretion. The de- 
moralizing influences of camp life had passed over his head as harm- 
lessly as the bullets of the Indian foe. Although not a professor of piety 
he was a punctual attendant at church, and was ever ready to lend a help- 
ing hand to encourage enterprises of benevolence and humanity. A gener- 
ous nature and expansive sympathies raising him above the narrow big- 
otry of sects, prompted him to take a bold though modest stand against 
the religious intolerance at that time in many parts of New England un- 
fortunately too rife. A well authenticated incident, which happened a faw 
years before the Revolution, illustrates our point. As he was riding 
on one occasion past the Presbyterian church, he observed a crowd 
gathered around the whipping-post, planted, according to the harsh 
usages of the day, in the vicinity. On inquiry he ascertained that a cul- 
prit was to be flogged for non-attendance at church and the non-payment 
of tithes. When the sentence was read preparatory to the infliction of the 
punishment, he noticed the omission of the usual clause requiring the 
stripes to be applied to the bare back. Taking advantage of the inad- 
vertence of the scribe, he threw his own overcoat over the shoulders of 
the victim whereby the torture was greatly mitigated. 

At the age of thirty-three lie was appointed one of the selectmen of the 
town. This was spoken of at the time as quite a wonder, for silvery hair 
and ripe experience were then thought indispensable to the proper dis- 
charge of the duties of that august office. Young America has seriously 
encroached upon the notions entertained by our forefathers. 

4. Col. Thomas Knowlton. [Jan. 

When the tidings of the conflict at Lexington reached Ashford, Knowl- 
ton held no military command. But a spirit like his required no urging 
to a scene of action where the cause of liberty had been baptized in the 
blood of his countrymen. Leaving his farm-business just as it was, and 
bidding adieu to his family, he hurried with gun and well filled powder 
horn to the rendezvous of the Ashford company. Had he been desirous 
of an excuse for remaining at home, the circumstances of his situation 
would have afforded several. His wife, whose love for her husband ex- 
ceeded her devotion to the cause of independence, exhausted all the art 
and ingenuity of womanly persuasion to detain him from the war. A 
numerous family of young and dependent children appealed in mute elo- 
quence to the affections of a father's heart. The military affairs of the 
township were entirely in the hands of others, while an important civil 
office seemingly demanded his attention at home. None of these con- 
siderations, however, weighed a straw when balanced in the scale against 
the momentous interests now to be decided by the arbitrament of the 

The company formed at Ashford, being destitute of a captain, pro- 
ceeded to fill the vacancy by ballot. Knowlton had joined as a private and 
offered no claim for the situation. Yet so great was the reputation for 
bravery, prudence, and sagacity, that had followed him home from the 
French war, that he was unanimously selected for the post. This com- 
pany was the first which entered Massachusetts from a sister colony. How 
honorable and useful a part it acted there will appear presently. 

Knowlton was the favorite officer of Putnam, and such confidence did 
the veteran general repose in the accuracy of his judgment, that he inva- 
riably consulted him in matters of importance. A short time before the 
Provincials took possession of Bunker's Hill, Putnam came to his quar- 
ters and in a private interview developed the plan of seizing and for- 
tifying that height. Knowlton wholly disapproved of the project, insisting 
that it would probably prove fatal to the American troops engaged in it ; 
for the British, by landing at Charlestown Neck under the protection of 
the floating batteries and ships of war, could cut off from the hill all sup- 
plies of provisions and ammunition, besides rendering retreat extremely 
hazardous if not impossible. " Still," he continued, " if you are deter- 
mined to go upon the hill I shall accompany you with my men and exert 
myself to the uttermost." This conversation was overheard by Edward 
Keyes, of Ashford, a private in the company, who stood sentry at the 
door and listened with the intense curiosity of a raw young soldier of sev- 
enteen. He narrated the incident to the informant of the writer. As 
affairs turned, the recklessness of Lord Howe and his contempt for the 
American army, saved them in a measure from the catastrophe which 
Capt. Knowlton and other prudent officers had anticipated. 

After many debates the scheme of Gen. Putnam prevailed, and it was 
determined to hazard the fortunes of an engagement on the Charlestown 
peninsula. On the night of June 16th, a body of about one thousand 
men under the command of Col. Prescott, following the glimmer of dark 
lanterns, crossed the neck. Here they overtook several wagon loads of 
intrenching tools, the sight of which first apprized the inferior officers 
and privates of the design of their darksome march. A controversy 
now arose as to the proper hill to be fortified. Bunker Hill, the only one 
on the peninsula then designated by a distinctive name, was explicitly 
mentioned in the order. But the remoteness of that elevation from Bos- 

1861.] Col. Thomas Knowlton. 5 

ton, induced them, in the face of the instructions from the committee of 
safety, to move farther on to the eminence afterwards known as Breed's 
Hill, though not so high as the former by fifty feet. Owing to this dis- 
pute it was nearly midnight before the sward was broken. Capt. Knowl- 
ton commanded a fatigue party of about two hundred Connecticut men.* 
These were the first to strike the spade, and toiled unceasingly till the grey 
light of morning revealed to the astonished Britons the ominous defences 
reared, while the familiar cry, "All's veil," had lulled them to sleep. 
So vigorously had the work been pushed that by break of day a strong 
redoubt had been thrown up, flanked on the left by a breastwork extend- 
ing down the hill in a northerly direction, and terminating a few 
rods south of an impassable slough. The rear of the breastwork was 
connected with the redoubt by a narrow sally-port. Beyond the 
slough, the tongue of land about two hundred and fifty yards in width, 
lying on the southern side of the Mystic River, was undefended. The 
configuration of the peninsula rendered the occupation of this unguarded 
point by the American troops indispensable to their success and even 
their safety. The enemy by marching along the bank of the stream could 
gain the rear of the redoubt and slay or capture its defenders at a blow. 

Accordingly, while the British, after landing at Moreton's Point, were 
partaking of refreshments and waiting for reinforcements, Capt. Knowl- 
ton, with the Connecticut troops under his command, was ordered to take 
possession of this pass. Here he adopted a novel mode of fortification, 
the efficacy of which far exceeded the anticipations of its projector. A 
post and rail fence already stretched across the field from the river to the 
road. The soldiers, taking rails from other fences in the neighborhood, 
built a second fence parallel to the first, and filled the intervening space 
with freshly mown hay. 

It may seem strange to some that the command at a point of such vital 
importance should be intrusted to Capt. Knowlton, when there were other 
officers on the hill of superior rank, who might feel aggrieved at such an 
assignment of this post of honor as well as danger. The reason is to be 
found in the thorough confidence which Gen. Putnam reposed in him. 
Years before they had often marched and fought side by side. On long 
expeditions through the wilderness, and on the battle-field, Putnam had 
learned to appreciate the qualities of the youthful hero. After the lapse 
of a decade they again stood together upon the verge of a bloody conflict. 
The strip of hard upland bordering on the Mystic, the key to the Ameri- 
can works on the peninsula, must be guarded at all hazards. Gen. Put- 
nam, ignoring considerations of titular pre-eminence, insisted that Capt. 
Knowlton was just the man for the place, and it was accordingly given 
to him. 

Col. Stark, coming upon the ground at a later hour, also took post behind 
the rail fence, at the extremity towards the redoubt ; the three command- 
ers, Prescott, Stark, and Knowlton, in their several positions, fighting the 
battle independently of each other. 

The British were drawn up in two wings, the left under Gen. Pigot 
moving with steady step against the redoubt, and the right led by Lord 
Howe in person, against the rail fence. Lord Howe looked with con- 
tempt both upon the breastwork of hay and rails, and the backwoodsmen 
behind it. He fully expected that its defenders would fly in dismay at 

* The Bunker's Hill Roll of the Ashford company contains ninety-six names inclu- 
sive of officers. 

6 Col. Thomas Knowlton. [Jan. 

the first shot, leaving him free to attack the main body in flank, while 
Gen. Pigot carried the works in front. But he sadly mistook the recep- 
tion that awaited him Reserving their fire till the enemy came within 
six or eight rods, the Provincials poured upon them incessant volleys. 
Capt. Knowlton, divested of coat, walked along the line in front of his 
men, encouraging them both by example and by words. He repeatedly 
loaded and discharged with deadly aim his own faithful musket, till it was 
struck by a cannon ball and knocked into the form of a semicircle. In 
this shape it was carried from the ground, and afterwards remained many 
years in possession of the family, but now is unfortunately lost. Not- 
withstanding the great superiority of the British right wing, in numbers, 
discipline, and accoutrements, they proved a most unequal match for the 
Americans opposed to them. The latter resting their guns upon the rails 
took deliberate aim. The enemy fell by scores at every volley till hun- 
dreds lay in heaps upon the earth. Yet as huge gaps were opened others 
stepped bravely in to fill the vacant places and share the same fate. Very 
many of the companies lost from three-fourths to nine-tenths of their men, 
and of several scarcely half a dozen escaped. While the assailants were 
thus slaughtered, the defenders of the rampart remained unharmed, 
partly because the artillery of Lord Howe proved useless, being stopped 
by a marsh, and partly because the closely packed grass was impervious 
to musket balls. Besides, as the British took no aim, their shot mostly 
passed over the heads of the Americans, as shown by the fact that the 
upper limbs and foliage of several trees standing a little in the rear were 
completely riddled, while the trunks and lower limbs were hardly grazed. 
At length Lord Howe, with the remnant of the column that shbrly before 
had moved proudly on the field, as if to certain victory, was compelled 
to retreat. 

The enemy had been repulsed at every point ; yet, nothing daunted, 
Lord Howe marshaled the troops for a fresh attack. A second time his 
division marched calmly and boldly as before, over the bodies of fallen 
comrades, against the rail fence. Restraining with difficulty the impetu- 
osity inspired by success, the Americans impatiently withheld their fire 
till the space between the hostile armies was narrowed to six rods. Sud- 
denly the crash of musketry resounded along the lines, and the messen- 
gers of death leaped from hundreds of muzzles at once. The slaughter 
of officers was frightful. Lord Howe, seemingly possessed of a charmed 
life, was three times left alone, so great was the destruction around him. 
Human fortitude could not long face a murderous fire like this. Despite 
the exertions of Howe, who sought the thickest danger, endeavoring by 
gestures and words to rekindle hope in the hearts of the despairing, the 
shattered columns reeled, broke, and fled. 

Gen. Clinton, having watched from Copp's Hill the progress of the 
battle, had discovered the vulnerable point of the American lines. Stung 
to madness by the carnage of the very flower of the army, he crossed 
over to the peninsula, and as a volunteer joined the dejected troops. Two 
disastrous repulses had convinced the British generals that the rail fence 
was impregnable. The third time, therefore, a different plan of attack 
was adopted. Instead of storming the redoubt in front, they determined 
to take it in flank through the open space between the breastwork and 
fence. While Howe with a part of his wing made a feint of repeating 
his attack upon the fortified fence, another part brought several cannon 
to enfilade the breastwork on the left of the redoubt. As the troops be- 
hind it were protected only in front, they were compelled to seek refuge 

1861. J Col. Thomas Knowlton. 7 

in the enclosure. As the British advanced with fixed bayonets the Ameri- 
cans greeted them with a final volley, for their ammunition was now ex- 
hausted. While the soldiers of Howe were pouring into the redoubt on 
the northern side, Clinton and Pigot had come up and were assailing it 
on the south and east. For a short time the Americans contended against 
the bayonets of the foe with the stocks of their muskets and whatever 
missiles they could seize. Prescott was soon forced to order a retreat. 

While the main body were making their escape, Knowlton and his 
compeers resolutely maintained their position behind the fence, thus frus- 
trating Lord Howe's design of cutting off the retreat of the Americans. 
As the division of Prescott passed the fortified fence which was one hun- 
dred and ninety yards in the rear of the breastwork that formed a con- 
tinuation of the redoubt, Col. Stark's regiment, whose ammunition was also 
expended, joined in with it. Knowlton now ordered the four companies 
under his command to withdraw from the post which they had defended 
so successfully. Fortunately they had double the number of cartridges 
of the other troops, having brought them from Connecticut. Retiring 
slowly, and making the most effective use of their extra ammunition, they 
formed the rear-guard of the Americans in their retreat. Without doubt 
the obstinate bravery of Knowlton's division, rendered effective, as it was, 
by a plentiful supply of powder and shot, saved many who but for their 
interposition never could have escaped from the peninsula. 

As the Ashford company, after leaving the rail-fence, was passing near 
a field-piece which had been loaded by the Americans, and then aban- 
doned in that condition, Robert Hale, one of its members, rushed from 
the ranks, and seizing a brand discharged it. The diversified fragments 
of metal which had been substituted for a ball, mowed a wide swath 
through the British ranks. In the momentary confusion which ensued, 
Hale slipped away from his perilous position and regained his comrades 
in safety. 

Thus it will be seen that Knowlton's company was the first to entor 
Massachusetts from a sister colony ; that the four companies placed for 
the time under his command were the only troops from abroad to go 
upon Breed's Hill on the night of the 17th ; that after toiling for hours 
in throwing up the redoubt, they removed to a new position where they 
shared the privilege of twice repulsing Lord Howe ; and finally that they 
were the last to leave the scene of conflict. Notwithstanding all this 
exposure but three are marked as killed on the roll of the Ashford 

For his gallantry in this engagement, Knowlton was promoted by Con- 
gress to the rank of Major, and was thenceforward generally esteemed 
the first officer of his grade in the army. A gentleman of Boston, like- 
wise, out of admiration for his conduct, presented to him a gold laced 

* In the account here given of the part taken by Col. Knowlton in the battle of 
Bunker's Hill, we have placed great reliance upon the facts collected by the late Wm. 
W. Marcy, Esq. Mr. Marcy possessed qualities of mind which eminently fitted him 
for historical investigations. Having married a grand-daughter of Col. Knowlton, he 
took a deep interest in the events of his life, and was untiring in the inquiries he made 
among the survivors of the Ashford Company who fought on the Hill, to ascertain mi- 
nutely the part the Colonel there acted. 

We would also here acknowledge our indebtedness to the manuscripts intrusted to 
the writer, by Capt. Miner Knowlton of the U. S. Army, who has been assiduous in 
collecting every known fact in regard to the life and services of his distinguished 

10 Col. Thomas Knowlton. [Jan. 

pying the peninsula of New York, and the British the city of Brooklyn, 
Gen. Washington was extremely anxious to learn the strength and con- 
templated movements of the enemy. He accordingly summoned a 
council of officers in order that they might deliberate together on a mat- 
ter of so great importance. They thought it necessary to send a man 
into the heart of the British camp, provided any one of proper qualifica- 
tions could be found, who was willing to go. Col. Knowlton was charged 
with the superintendence of the enterprise. When he proposed the plan 
to his officers, Nathan Hale, of South Coventry, Conn., one of the cap- 
tains in Knowlton's regiment, was the only one ready to volunteer his ser- 
vices. The brilliant and versatile talents of Hale led his colonel to 
recommend him to Washington, as a person eminently fitted for the peri- 
lous task. The offer was accepted by the commander-in-chief. The 
skill, the fortitude, and the heroic self-devotion exhibited by the youthful 
martyr, are familiar to all. 

We now approach the closing scene in the career of the brave 
Knowlton. The calamities on Long Island, the shameful flight at Kip's 
Bay, the series of misfortunes about New York, that for several months 
had uninterruptedly pursued the American flag, and, moreover, the 
wretched condition of the troops, produced an all-pervading gloom 
throughout the camp and the country. A large and thoroughly disciplined 
army, commanded by experienced officers, amply furnished with the 
munitions of war, and flushed with successive victories, threatened to ex- 
terminate the cause of independence. Had not the love of liberty been 
a deathless flame in the hearts of our forefathers, they must in this hour 
of culminating disasters have abandoned hostilities in despair. But an 
unconquerable spirit animated them. From the furnace of affliction 
they came forth, scorched and bleeding it is true, yet purified, and ready 
to dare more and suffer more for what they had already dared and suf- 
fered so much. 

The main body of our army was now occupying the fortified camp 
extending along the upper part of New York Island. Col. Knowiton, ever 
on the alert, had been sent with a detachment of one hundred and fifty 
men, to watch the movements of the enemy. Keeping the corps con- 
cealed, he directed two of the soldiers to reconnoitre the lines. They 
were ordered to proceed stealthily and without noise so as to avoid giving 
the slightest alarm. On approaching undiscovered within fair gun-shot 
of the enemy, yielding to a mad desire they fired upon them, and then 
hurried back to the main body. For disobedience to orders they were 
severely reprimanded by the colonel. Close at the heels of the scouts 
followed six hundred British. Knowlton arranged the detachment behind 
a field-fence, but finding that the enemy, four times superior in number, 
were bent on gaining the rear and cutting off retreat, he withdrew to a 
piece of woods, where he fought with great resolution till overpowered 
and driven back by numerical superiority. In the mean time a reinforce- 
ment was sent from the American camp, under Major Leitch, with orders 
to join Knowlton and gain the rear of the British, while a feigned attack 
was made upon them in front. As the troops advanced for the false 
attack, the enemy ran down the hill to gain a more advantageous position. 
While these manoeuvres were executed in front, the main body having 
made a circuit to strike the rear, being; ignorant of the change in the 
disposition of the forces, came upon the enemy's flank. A brisk con- 
test ensued, in which both sides were reinforced and fought with great 

1861.] Col. Thomas Knowlton. 

determination, till the enemy were driven from the woods into the plain 
and pursued for some distance. In the hottest of the engagement Maj. 
Leitch was borne from the field mortally wounded. Shortly after, Col. 
Knowlton, while bravely leading the attack, was shot through the head, 
and survived only an hour. His eldest son, a lad who had not yet seen his 
sixteenth birth-day, was in the same battle and fired several rounds be- 
fore he heard the sad intelligence. When word was brought that his 
father was- dying, he hurried to his side. The hero, gasping in the death 
struggle, clasped his hand for a final adieu, and thus addressed him. 
" You see, my son, I am mortally wounded ; you can do me no good ; go, 
fight for your country." Do the pages of history furnish an instance of 
sublimer patriotism ? As the agonies of dissolution were racking the 
body of a soldier thus snatched from life in the midst of the glow, and 
pomp, and hope of early manhood, solicitude for the country for whose 
deliverance he had fought so often and so valiantly, excluded all nar- 
rower or more personal thoughts. Col. Reed, an eye witness of the 
scene, says, " All his inquiry was whether we had driven in the enemy." 

In the general orders of the next day, Gen. Washington says, " The 
gallant and brave Col. Knowlton, who would have been an honor to any 
country., having fallen yesterday while gloriously fighting, Capt. Brown is 
to take command of the party lately led by Col. Knowlton." 

When the news of the loss of her favorite son reached Ashford, deep 
and heart-felt sorrow pervaded the town. Every house became an habi- 
tation of mourning not less than if one of its own inmates, having gone 
to the wars, was to return no more forever. Even the man who was 
supposed to be his only enemy, wept like a child. 

The writer of this sketch, whose boyhood was passed in Ashford, well 
remembers the enthusiasm and affection with which the surviving cotem- 
poraries of Col. Knowlton always spoke of him. 

In person he was six feet high, erect and elegant in figure, and formed 
more for activity than strength. He had light complexion, dark hair, and 
eyes of deep spiritual beauty. His literary education was confined to 
the narrow routine of studies then taught in the common schools. Yet 
the possession of an intellect naturally bright, and quick to profit by the 
experiences and associations of military life, caused his companionship to 
be sought by the most cultivated. He was courteous and affable in man- 
ners, and wholly free from ostentation and egotism. Ever willing to 
bestow on others the praise due to their merit, he received the applause 
due to himself without a murmur of dissent. Calm and collected in 
battle, and, if necessity required, ready to lead where any could be found 
to follow — he knew no fear of danger. The favorite of superior officers, 
the idol of his soldiers and fellow-townsmen, he fell universally lamented. 
Half a century afterwards, a grandson of Col. Knowlton, travelling in 
New Hampshire, casually met a Revolutionary soldier, who, in rehearsing 
the story of his campaigns, mentioned the engagement at Harlem Heights 
where he fought under Knowlton. On learning that the young man was 
a descendant of his former commander, the old gentleman pressed him 
with invitations to pass the night at his house, nor would he listen to any 
excuse. The confidence that he had reposed in Knowlton, when they 
were companions in arms, was seemingly unlimited. He remarked, that 
" the colonel was the mildest and most agreeable man he ever knew — 
that nothing of a rough or harsh nature ever passed his lips — that he was 
universally respected by those under his command as well as those asso- 

12 Mary Chilton. [Jan. 

ciatcd with him." Such were the sentiments with regard to Col. Knowl- 
ton invariably entertained by those who knew him. 

And what has been done by our country to honor the name of the man 
who, at the first note of warning, drew the sword for liberty, never laying 
it aside till his arm was cold in death ? Have a grateful people, living 
in the midst of the prosperity purchased at so great cost of revolutionary 
suffering and revolutionary blood, reared for him any monument to tell 
the world that her defenders are embalmed in perpetual remembrance? 
Has the government of the United Stales whose faithful soldier he was, 
or the city of New York whose soil he died to defend, or the Common- 
wealth of Connecticut that points with pride to his name as one of her 
brightest jewels, ever offered this slight tribute of filial duty ? To all 
such inquiries we must answer in the negative. The only monument to 
his memory is a very plain cenotaph, planted by the hand of affection in 
the cemetery at Ashford, and cut with this inscription : " This monument 
is erected in memory of Col. Thomas Knowlton and his wife. That 
brave colonel, in defence of his country, fell in battle, Sep. 16th 1776, 
at Harlem Heights, Island of N. York, M 36 years." 

Col. Knowlton was buried with military honors near the road leading 
from Kingsbridge to the city. 


Wilmington, N. C, Nov. 17, 1860. 

Editors N. E. H. 8f G. Register : — When at the north, in the early 
part of the Fall, I visited the ancient burying ground in Barrington, R. I., 
on the point of land opposite Warren. On one of the grave stones is the 
following inscription : 

" Mrs. Desire Kent, wife of Mr. Samuel Kent, of Barrington, was the 
first English womans Gran* daughter on New England. Died Feby 8, 
A. D. 1762, aged about 94 years." 

And on another, next to the above, is this inscription : 

" Ensign Samuel Kent, who died 1737, aged 70." 

You will of course understand that this Mrs. Desire Kent was the Grand- 
daughter of Mary Chilton. She was the daughter of Edward Gray, who 
married the daughter of John Winslow, (brother of Edward,) who mar- 
ried Mary Chilton. 

You are also aware that much controversy has arisen as to who was 
the first person that landed from the Mayflower on Plymouth Rock. 

Now I have never understood that the descendants of Mary Chilton 
claimed that she was the first person who landed, but the first woman of 
the Mayflower's passengers. And this is no unreasonable supposition, to 
say nothing of tradition. I find the question very fairly argued, in favor 
of the claims of Mary Chilton of having been the first woman who step- 
ped upon the Rock, in Russell's Pilgrim Memorials, third edition, 1860, 
and the inscription on Mrs. Desire Kent's tombstone, made I suppose very 
soon after her death, certainly strengthens the position there assumed. 

As a descendant of Mary Chilton, through the Mrs. Kent referred to, I 
feel a little personal interest in the matter, therefore send you this memo- 
randum. A. A. B. 

* The transcriber not being able to make sense of the Inscription, underscored the 
two words in italics. — Editor. 

1861.] Memoirs of Prince's Subscribers. 13 


[Continued from Vol. XIV, p. 174.] 

JOHN EYRE, of Portsmouth, M. A. Rev. SAMUEL CHECK- 
chant. JOHN VVALLEY, Esq. 

As all of these names are connected with the Eyres, I will commence 
with that family. Simon Eire or Eyre, came with a large family, in the 
Increase, in 1635. He was a surgeon ; settled at Watertown, was town 
clerk and representative. His wife. Dorothy died Aug. 11, 1650, and he 
m. a second wife, Martha, who survived him, dying July 13, 1687. His 
sixth child Anna, b. 1630, m. John Checkley of Boston, of whom we 
shall speak hereafter. His youngest child, by his second wife, was 
John, b. Feb. 19, 1653-4, who lived at Boston and married, May 20, 
1680, Catharine, dau. of Thomas Brattle, by his wife Elizabeth, dau. of 
Wm. and Eliz. (Coytmore) Tyng. 

John and Catherine Eyre had eight children, five of whom died 
young apparently, as his will, dated June 17, 1700, mentions Katherine, 
Bethiah, and a child unborn. He also mentions niece Martha, wife of 
John Ruggles — his house in Prison Lane, and warehouse near Town 

The children he mentions were Katherine, b. 20 July, 1694, m. David 
Jeffries, jr.; Bethiah, b. 24 July, 1695, m. John Walley, Mch 18, 1713- 
14, and John, b 7 Aug. 1700. His widow m. Wait Still Winthrop. 

John Eyre, jr. the subscriber, graduated at Harvard in 1718, first on 
the list, a proof I believe of the social position of the family. Among 
his classmates were Benjamin Lynde, Theodore Atkinson, Joseph and 
Samuel Moody, and Nathan Prince. His death is recorded in the Col- 
lege catalogue, in 1753. His father was a representative from Boston in 
1693 and 1698. w. h. w. 

Rev. SAMUEL CHECKLEY. In the Register, vol. 2, pp. 349-354, will 
be found an account of this family. Mr. Drake, however, received infor- 
mation which materially alters the earlier portion of that record, and at 
his desire I have made the following corrections : 

It was known that Col. Samuel Checkley was born at Preston-Capes, 
North Hants, Eng.; and a letter from the Rector to Samuel Ames, Esq., 
states that William and Elizabeth Checkley had baptized, sons An- 
thony, July 31, 1636, and Samuel, April 28, 1642, who d. 13 Dec. 
1648. William and Rebecca C. had Samuel, baptized 18 Nov. 1653, 
evidently our Col. Samuel. 

It seems certain that Anthony and Col. Samuel were half-brothers, as the 
baptism of the former agrees with the year of his birth. Moreover his 
will appoints his brother Samuel, merchant of Boston, executor, and the 
other Samuel, son of John, was a surgeon. 

Were Anthony and Samuel relatives of John who m. Anna Eire ? It 
seems very probable that they were, as, in 1659, Wm. Sheares bor- 
rowed £4t of John C, and Anthony witnessed and swore to the transac- 
tion. This indicates that he was related to John, as otherwise he would 
hardly be present at, and cognizant of, such a business transaction. 
Anne (Eires) wife of John Checkley, d. 14 Nov. 1714. Their son Sam- 

14 Memoirs of Prince's Subscribers. [Jan. 

uel had Ann, b. May 30, 1687 ; Rebecca, b. Feb. 14, 1688-9 ; John, b. 
a Dec. 1690. 

In the list of Col. Samuel Checkley's children one is omitted, viz.,. 
Ann, b. Aug. 1688. Joshua was b. 8 Feb. 1688-9. Richard m. Sarah 

The following lines were written by Joseph Green, on Rev. John 
Checkley (the Episcopalian minister), whose natural defects of feature 
having been increased by a recent sickness, were perpetuated by Smi- 
bert's pencil, at the request of his waggish friends : 

" John, had thy sickness snatched thee from our sight, 
And sent thee to the realms of endless night, 
Posterity would then have never known 
Thine eye, thy beard, thy cowl and shaven crown. 
But now, redeemed by Smibert's skilful hand, 
Of immortality secure you stand. 
When nature into ruin shall be hurled, 
And the last conflagration burn the world, 
This piece shall then survive the evil, 
For flames, we know, cannot consume the Devil." 

He had a son John. H. C. 1738, a clergyman of Boston who pre- 
deceased his father, as probate was granted on his estate, Dec. 2, 1748. 

w. h. w. 


In preparing the following sketch of the Jeffries and Jaffrey families, 
the writer has had the advantage of consulting the records now in the 
possession of Dr. B. Joy Jeffries, whose kindness he would here record. 

David Jeffries was born, says the record, at Rhoad,in Wiltshire, Eng., 
Nov. 18, 1658, and arrived at Boston May 9, 1677. He m. Sept. 15, 
1686, Elizabeth, dau. of John and Eliz. Usher, by whom he had issue, 
Jane, b. July 4, 1687, (family records say July 1,) d. Mch 13, 1702-3; 
John, b. Feb. 5, 1688; David, b. June 15, 1690 ; Elizabeth, b. Feb. 12, 
1691-2, m. Charles Sheepreve, Jan. 13, 1708-9, who d. May 28, 1717, 
and she m. 2d Benjamin Eliot, and d. July 25, 1737 ; Rebecca, b. 9 Dec. 
1693; m. Ebenezer Wentworth, Aug. 9, 1711, and d. July 2, 1721; 
Sarah, b. May 4, 1695; m. George Jaffray of Portsmouth, Jan. 10, 1710- 
11, and d. Jany 12, 1734-5; Frances, b. July 12, 1696; d. Nov. 21, 
1715; Peter, b. Nov. 18, 1697, d. Sept. 14, 1698. 

[Note. — The following extracts from the family records refer to the 
different connections in this generation. They are in the writing of 
Hon John J. son of the first David : 

u John Usher, son of Hezekiah and Francis Usher, was born at Boston, 
Apr. 17, 1648. Elizabeth Lidgett, dau. of Peter and Elizabeth Lidgett, 
was born at the Island of Bbds [Barbados] the 4th day of Nov. 1651. 
They were m. April 24, 1668. Elizabeth, their dau. was b. 18 June, 
1669. Jane, dau. of same, was b. 1 Mch, 1679. Eliz. wife of John 
Usher, d. Aug. 17, 1698 ; and he m. E. Allen, dau. of Sam. Allen. 
Rebecca Wentworth d. at Piscataqua, July 2, 1721, left 3 sons, Samuel, 
David and Eben'r. 

Sarah Shepreeve, dau. of Charles and Eliz. S., d. 24 Dec. 1713. Wil- 
liam, son of same, d. Nov. 14, 1717. Elizabeth, dau. of same, and 
wife of Eben'r Holmes, d. May 18, 1731, re. 21. Charles Shepreeve, d. 
May 28, 1717. Elizabeth Eliot, dau. of David Jeffries, and mother of 

1861.] Memoirs of Prince's Subscribers. 15 

the above Eliz. Holmes, d. July 25, 1737. Ebenezer H. her husband, d. 
at Dorchester, Sept. 30, 1753. This second marriage of Eliz. Shepreeve 
to Benj. Eliot, is corroborated by the list of the heirs of Lt. Gov. John 
Usher, who sold his estate in Medford to Col. Royal, in 1732. They were 
Geo. Jaffrey, John and David Jeflries, Benj. Eliot and wife Elizabeth, 
Ebenezer Wentworth and 3 chil. by w. Rebecca.'" 

I add also this memo. Tombs in the South Burying place : Peter Lidg- 
ett, No. 38: Chas. Lidgett, No. 28: Th. Clark, No. 19. Old Bury 
place, H. Usher's tomb. The family of Jeffries buried in Lidgett's 

To return — 

David Jeffries, Sen'r, left two sons, John and David. John was the 
subscriber, and a very prominent citizen. He m. Sept. 24, 1713, Anne 
Clarke, and had issue an only child, Anne, b. 25 June, 1719 or '20, d. 
Aug. 23, 1730. The records already quoted give us new light as to this 
family of Clark, heretofore untraced. [Note. — Mr. Savage has four 
Thomas Clarks of Boston, viz., Thos. early here, had ch. up to 1656, 
Thos. of Noddle's Island — Hon. Thomas, d. 1678, and Thomas, a great 
merchant, d. 1683. Our record runs : Thomas, son of William and 
Anne Clarke, was b. at Salisbury, Co. Wilts, Dec. 22, 1645. He m. 
2d Rebecca Smith, widow of Capt. Thomas Smith, she d. Nov. 10, 1711, 
se. 56, leaving Anne, b. Sept. 1, 1694, the wife of John Jeffries. Clarke 
m. 3d Abigad Ketch (Boston records say Keach,) Aug. 1 (or 13,) 1713, 
who d. Jan. 28, 1729; and he d. Dec. 16, 1732, aged nearly 90. It is 
interesting to inquire if he were here long prior to his second marriage. 
The family books say Jane, wife of Rev. Benj. Colman, and dau. of 
Thomas Clark, d. Oct. 27, 1730, aged 52, and his will, dated Dec. 8, 
1730, proved Dec. 26, 1732, mentions sons in law Rev. B. Colman and 
John Jeffries. Now Turell's Life of Colman says that C. m. June 5th, 1700, 
Jane, dau. of Thos. and Jane Clark, who d. Oct. 26, 1731, but Clark's will 
of Dec. 1730 says, " my dau. Jane Colman lately deceased," so we can 
correct Turell's date. She was born of course in 1680 by our record, 
and we find on the Boston records Jane, dau. of Thomas and Jane Clark, 
b. 16 Mch, 1679-80. Other children of the same parents were Jane, b. 
20 Mch, 1678 ; Thomas, b. 3 June, 1681 ; Mary, b. 12 May, 1683, and 
Anne, who d. 23 Apr. 1690. We may conclude therefore, that this is a fifth 
Thomas Clark of Boston, unrecorded by Mr. Savage. His will mentions 
mansion house, brick warehouse, coach-house, &c; house in Brattle 
Street, occupied by Benj. Dyer ; land at Charlestown, occupied by 
Joseph Frost ; land at Wells, Me., (see inventory), bo't of Dan'l Ed- 
wards, Sept. 3, 1723.] 

Of John Jeffries, I find he went to London in Dec. 1710, and returned 
in April, 1713. He resided in Tremont Street, opposite the King's 

David Jeffries, jr., who continued the name, m. Mch 18, 1713, Kather- 
ine, dau. of John and Katherine Eyre, by whom he had an only child, 
David J. 3d, b. 23 Oct. 1714. He was a merchant, and about Sept. 
1715 he sailed for England. He was a warm friend of Rev. Thomas 
Prince, who proposed to return with him (vide introduction to P's sermon 
on his return), but ihe vessel, the Amity, was lost Sept. 13, 1716, on some 
sands near Dungeness, and all but one of the company perished, as is 
told in a letter to John J. from his cousin Jona. Leigh of London. 


Pedigree of Gorges. 


of the name. Lord Edward Gorges, it appears, was a first cousin to 
Edward Gorges, father of Sir Ferdinando. Robert Gorges, the son of 
Sir Ferdinando, had a commission as governor of New England, came 
here in 1623 with a colony, and settled at Weymouth ; but returned in 
the course of the year. John, the other son, was father of Ferdinando 
Gorges, who published, in 1658, " America painted to the Life." 


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Sir Arthur Gorges, Chelsea, knighted 1597, d. 1625. He built a 
house on this site [of Stanley House] for his own residence. As the 
Queen [Eliz.] passd by the faire new building, Sir Arthur Gorges pre- 
sented her with a faire Jewell. Sidney papers — Letter from Rowland 
White to Sir Robert Sidney, 15 Nov. 1599. Sir Arthur was the intimate 
friend of Spencer, who made a beautiful elegy on the first Lady Gorges, 

20 Burial Ground in Boxford, Mass. [Jan. 

dau. of Viscount Bindon, who d. 1590, entitled Daphnaida, and her hus- 
band is meant by Alcyon. Sir Arthur's second wife was the Lady Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Henry, Earl of Lincoln, by which marriage he became 
possessed of Sir Thomas More's house, which, in 1619, he conveyed to 
Lionel, Lord Cranfield. He left by his second wife six children, viz., 
Arthur,(l) first son and heir, a. then 24 (1625), TimoIeon,(2) Egrernont, 
(3) Carew,(4) Henry ,(5) Elizabeth. — Faulkner^s Hist. Chelsea, i. 56-7, 
2 vols. 8°. 1829. 

On the south side of the church at Chelsea — 

Here sleeps, and feels no presure of this stone, 
He that had all the Gorges Souls in one, &c. 

The generous and worthy gentleman Arthur Gorges, Esq., eldest son 
of Sir Arthur Gorges, Kt. The last surviving Branch of the first Male 
Line of that Honourable Family. — Strype's Stow, ii. B. vi. p. 72. 

In the chancel of the church of St. Michael near Exeter, parish of 
Hevitree, is this inscription to " Thomas Gorges of Hevitree, Esq., 
and Rose, his wife. He departed this life the 17th of October, 1670 ; 
and she the 14th day of April, 1671. 

The lovinge Turtell havinge mist her mate 
Beg'd she might enter ere they shut the gate 
Their dust lies whose soules to Heaven are gonne 
And waite till Angells rowle away the stone. 

Jenkins's Hist. Exeter, 441. 

Arms. — Gorges of Somersetshire bear — Argent a whirlpool azure. 
Crest — A greyhound's head erased argent collared gules. 

A Devonshire branch bore — Ermin a fesse between three fleurs-de-lis 
gules. Another — Ermin a fesse between three roses gules. Crest — An 
annulet, stoned azure. See Burke's Heraldic Dictionary. 

< ~»»~- » 


Situated about half a mile from the central village, on the most south- 
erly road to Middleton, a short distance beyond the corner of a road to 
Topsfield village ; close to a thicket of white birch trees on left hand side 
of the way. Thirteen is the exact number of all the headstones. Copied 
Sept. 6, A. M., 1860. w. x. 

Wood, Sarah, wife of Deacon Daniel, Sept. 27, 1714. In 57 yr. 

Pabody, Hannah, wife of Nathan, Dec. 3, 1718. In 25 yr. 

Peabody, John, Capt. July 5, 1720. In 78 yr. 

Dauid, Ens. Sept. 4, 1726. In 49 yr. 

" Nathan, Dea. March 4, 1733. In 50 yr. 

Kimball, Hannah, wife of Richard, March, 1748. Ab l 66 yrs. 

Richard, March 22, 1753. In 80 yr. 

Symonds, Samuel, July 29, 1775. In 73 yr. 

" In Memory of | M r David Gould | who deceased Aug | the 1st 1778 | 

in the 22d year | of his age." 

Curtice, John, Lieut. July 12, 1783. In 43 yr. 

Stickney, Peggy, wife of Lieut. Jacob, March 25, 1786. In 51 yr. 

Jedediah, Lieut. April 8, 1809. M. 73. 

Trask, Ruth, Mrs. March 22, 1829. M. 85. 

1861.] Amsden Family. 21 


[Communicated by Andrew H. Ward, Esq.] 

1. Isaac Amsden, of Cambridge, m. Frances Perriman, at Cambridge, 
8 June, 1654, and d. there 7th April, 1659.— Mid. Co. Records. His 
widow Frances m. Richard Cutter, of Cambridge, Feb. 14, 1662-3, who 
d. there June 16, 1693, aged " about 72."— Mid. Co. Rec. Isaac and 
Frances Amsden had, at Cambridge — 

2. 1 Isaac, b. 1655. 

3. 2 Jacob, b. 17 Nov. 1657, d. at Cambridge, June 11, 1701, proba- 

bly never m. 
Isaac Amsden was a debtor to the estate of Nathaniel Sparkawk, of 
Cambridge, who died June 27, 1647. 

Isaac Amsden, (2) m. Jane Rutter, at Cambridge, May 17, 1677, and, 
after having two children b. there, removed to Marlborough, where he 
was captain, and d. May 3, 1727, aged 72. His widow Jane d. there, 
Nov. 22, 1739. 

4. 1 Elizabeth, b. Feb. 2, 1677-8, m. Josiah Read, of Norwich, June 

3, 1697. 

5. 2 Isaac, b. Aug. 29, 1680. 

6. 3 John, b. Dec. 28, 1685. 

7. 4 Thomas, b. Jan. 9, 1686. 

8. 5 Jacob, b. Feb. 29, 1689. 

9. 6 Abraham, b. Oct. 15, 1692. 

Isaac Amsden. (5) m. 1st, Zipporah Beaman, of and at Marlborough, 
July 20, 1705 ; she d. there, Nov. 9, 1716, dau. of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth (Williams) Beaman, of Marl. — 2d, Mary Martin, of Marl., May 
23, 1718 ; she d. there, March 25, 1720— 3d, Hannah Francis, of Med- 
ford, June 7, 1725, probably dau. of Stephen and Hannah (Hall) 
Francis, of M. He probably removed from Marl, after having three 
daus. b. there, as there is no further record of him there, or of any one 
of his family, after 1726. 

10. 1 Thankful, b. Nov. 14, 1706. 

11. 2 Elizabeth, b. March 13, 1709. 

12. 3 Zipporah, b. Oct. 11, 1726. 

John Amsden,(6) m. Hannah, b. 1688, dau. of Isaac and Frances 
(Woods) How, of Marl., where the births of eleven of their children 
are recorded, but not the death of either parent, or more than one of 
their children. 

13. 1 Amity, b. Oct. 9, 1704, m. Jacob Wheeler, Jan. 12, 1726-7. 

14. 2 Unity, b. Dec. 27, 1705, m. Joseph Wetherby, of Southborough, 

June 2, 1730. 

15. 3 Uriah, b. Feb. 10, 1708, supposed the same whose death, 12 Mar. 

1707-8, is recorded Beriah. 

16. 4 Jonathan, b. Jan. 3, 1710. 

17. 5 Ephraim, b. Jan. 3, 1713. 

18. 6 John, b. Nov. 9, 1714. 

19. 7 Hannah, b. June 4, 1717. 

20. 8 Persis, b. April 21, 1720. 

22 Amsden Family. [Jan. 

21. 9 Isaac, b. Jan. 10, 1722. 

22. 10 Aaron, b. June 2, 1724. 

23. 11 David, b. Sept. 23, 1726. 

Thomas Amsden,(7) m. Eunice, b. 1692, dau. of Joseph and Doro- 
thy (Martin) How, of Marl., July 18, 1712. His wife d. Oct. 20, 1725. 
He was a captain at Marlborough, 1737, and d. there, April 27, 1760. 

24. 1 Lucy, b. April 18, 1713, m. Benjamin How, of Marlborough, Feb. 

4, 1731-2. 

25. 2 Joseph, b. April 15, 1716, d. March 30, 1737, " aged 21." 

26. 3 Eunice, b. July 27, 1720, m. Dr. Jeremiah Robinson, of Marl., 

Oct. 14, 1746. He d. there, Oct. 19, 1771, in his 59th year. 
Their son, Thomas Amsden, d. Nov. 30, 1757. 

Jacob Amsden,(8) m. Sarah, b. 1685, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth 
(Williams) Beaman, of Marl., Oct. 28, 1719; she d. at Marl. Sept. 11, 
1748, in her 63d year, and was sister of Zipporah, wife of her hus- 
band's brother, Isaac Amsden. They were, through their mother Wil- 
liams, gr. daus. of William and Elizabeth Ward, of Sudbury 1639, and 
Marl. 1660 ; where he was a deacon of the church when first organized 
there, and d. Aug. 10, 1687. Jacob Amsden does not appear of record 
to have m. a second time. 

27. 1 Mary, b. Sept. 11, 1720, d. same day. 

28. 2 Lydia, b. May 27, 1722. 

29. 3 Abigail, b. April 20, 1724, m. Abijah Gale, of Weston, June 23, 

1748. They had six children at Westborough, where she d. 
Feb. 7, 1771, aged 47. 

Abraham Amsden, (9) m. Hannah, b. 1698, dau. of John, Jr.. and 
Hannah (Morse) Newton, of Marl., Nov. 29, 1722, and d. there, March 
7, 1763. 

30. 1 Abraham, b. Aug. 29, 1723, m. Hannah Whitcomb, Feb. 13, 


31. 2 Uriah, b. June 10, 1725. 

32. 3 Jacob, b. May 28, 1728. 

33. 4 Bezaleel, b. March 17, 1731, d. Aug. 10, 1758. 

34. 5 Francis, b. Dec. 4, 1734. 

35. 6 Hannah, b. April 13, 1739. 

Uriah Amsden, (31) m. Abigail , and had, 

36. 1 Joseph, b. April 20, 1749. 

37. 2 Benjamin, b. Nov. 24, 1751. 

38. 3 Joel, b. June 18, 1755. 

The following marriages are found on Marlborough records : 

Oliver Dinsmore, of Lancaster, and Barbara Amsden, of Hopkinton, 
Sept. 25, 1733. 

Abraham Amsden and Submit Morse, April 28, 1773. 

Edward Chamberlain and Patty Amsden, both of Southborough, April 
25, 1799. 

186].] Religious Excitement. 23 



[Communicated by Joshua Coffin, M. A.] 

Mr. Editor, — The following confirmation of the statement in the Rev. 
Eben Parkman's diary concerning the " great disorders at Ipswich by- 
means of one Woodbury with Mr. Gilman of Durham," N. H., I take 
from the diary of Rev. Samuel Chandler. Mr. Chandler was from 
Gloucester : — 

;t Aug. 20, 1746. I set out on a journey to Durham to a fast at y e 
desire of the church there, they being under difficulty. I called Mr. Wise 
[of Berwick] by the way. We got to Durham about 10 o'clock, cloudy 
rainy weather & the people not much expecting any minister would come 
had got into the meeting house and were praying. Mr. Prince, a blind 
young man supplies them during their Pastor's silence & neglect to dis- 
charge his pastoral office. When we went into the pulpit Mr. Gilman 
went out & went into the pew. I began with prayer. I was under some 
restraint. Mr. Wise preached from John 15. 5, & concluded with prayer. 
In the exercise were a number, 4 or 5, that were extraordinarily agitated. 
They made all manner of mouths, turning out their lips, drawing their 
mouths awry, as if convulsed, straining their eye balls, & twisting their 
bodies in all manner of unseemly postures. Some were falling down, 
others were jumping up, catching hold of one another, extending their 
arms, clapping their hands, groaning, talking. Some were approving 
what was spoken, & saying aye, so it is, that is true, 'tis just so, &c. 
Some were exclaiming & crying out aloud, glory, glory. It drowned 
Mr. Wise's voice. He spoke to them, entreated them, condemned the 
practice, but all to no purpose. Just after the blessing was pronounced, 
Mr. Gilman stood up to oppose some things that had been said. He read 
1 John 1. 8 & 9th verse, & began some exposition on the 9th verse what 
God hath cleansed let no man call unclean & went on to prove perfection 
as attainable in this life. Then Mr. Wise rose up and there was some 
argumentation between them. Mr. Gilman took some particular text & 
turned it contrary lo the general current of scripture. Then we went 
into the house & were entertained. Mr. Gilman came in & after him a 
number of these high flyers, raving like mad men, reproaching, reflecting. 
One Hannah Huckins in a boasting air said she had gone through adop- 
tion, justification & sanctification & perfection & perseverance. She 
said she had attained perfection & yet had a bad memory: I reasoned 
the point with her, but presently she broke out into exclamations ' Blessed 
be the Lord, who hath redeemed me, Glory, glory, glory, &c. fell to danc- 
ing round the room, singing some dancing tunes, jiggs, minuets, & kept the 
time exactly with her feet. Presently two or three more fell in with her 
& the room was filled with applauders, people of the same stamp, crying 
out in effect Great is Diana of the Ephesians. One of these danced up 
to Mr. Gilman & said, Dear man of God, do you approve of these things ? 
Yes, said he, I do approve of them. Then they began to increase & the 
house was full of confusion, some singing bawdy songs, others dancing 
to them & all under a pretence of religion. It is all to praise God in the 
dance & the tabret. One woman said it was revealed to her that the 

24 Letter of John Coe. [Jan. 

minister that was to come to the Fast was one that did not know Joseph, 
& that Joseph was Mr. Gilman. These mad people prophesied that there 
would be great trials at the falls, that is at the meeting house that day. 

* * * Mr. Gilman justified their proceedings. They do it out of a 
good design, he says, and that there is no sanctity in tunes, and that the 
reason we cannot approve of it is because there is no light in us &c. &c. 

* * * A little after dark all left the house & went out into the streets 
when they held it till near ten o'clock. These are but some general 
hints. O awful melancholy scene, O tempora, O mores. 

Aug. 21. ] preached from Gal. 2. 20. The people appeared very 
devout, excepting those that were of Mr. Gil man's party. They as yester- 
day made wry mouths & extraordinary gestures of body, often crying out 
aloud, but generally approving. I dosired & entreated, if they loved the 
souls of sinners, that they would suffer them to hear what 1 had to offer 
to them, but all to no purpose. At length the authority took hold of one 
& the rest all jumpt up & out they went, crying out & railing & made a 
hideous noise abroad, but we finished & went into the house. 

Mr. Gilman says he has a witness within him that I neither preached 
nor prayed with the Spirit. I told him I had a witness within myself that 
I did both. He said how can that be when you have your thumb papers, 
& you could hardly read them ? He seemed to speak by way of reflec- 
tion & an air of disdain. Mr. Giiman says he can't receive those that 
don't receive Woodbury & all those persons in all their extravagancies. 
He allows that a regenerate man may have a strong persuasion & confi- 
dence in lesser & yet be deceived. Mr. Gilman tarried but a little while 
& went away & soon after him all the rest. One Mr. Woodman told me 
that two of these people got together by the ears last night. They struck 
one another with their fists, saying you are a devil & you are a devil. 
The persons afflicted are John & James Huckins & their wives, Ralph 
Hall & wife, Capt. Hardy, Scales, &c. 

■+ •»»»> » « 


[Communicated by Dr. D. W. Patterson.] 

Westfeld Agust 23: 1708.* 
My Deare wife 

thies come to bring my harty loue and efections to you and to tell you 
of my earnist desiar to imbrace you in the arms of my loue hoping they 
may find you and ouers in health I haue bene uery well eur sins I left 
you for which I prays God. the post from albani last weeke brings news 
that the enimy disagree and the french indians are turned bak the scouts 
from dearfeild haue not yet descoured the army we look for a post from 
albani to morow after which we are in great hops of being drawn ofe or 
the greatest part of us I am just now a going to north hampton to wait 
on our gouerner which maks me in so much hast so I remaine til death 
your louing husband John Coe 

our solders heare are all well. 

[Addressed :] To Mr 81 Mary | Coe Liuing at | Stratford | thies | d d d 

* This was a time of great peril to the border settlers. Only six days after the date 
of this letter, the French and Indians surprised Haverhill in this State, killing and 
captivating about one hundred people ! See Hist, and Antiqs. Boston, 534, and references. 

1861.] Daniel Cushing' s Record. 25 


Daniel Cushing of Hingham, one of the Founders of New England, 
left the following record of Norfolk emigrants. Mr. Cushing, we are 
told, in the excellent Address by Solomon Lincoln, Esq., on the two 
hundredth anniversary of the settlement of Hingham, " was conspicuous 
in the annals of that town, in various public offices, especially in those of 
Town Clerk and a Magistrate." He left among his papers an account of 
those emigrants, which is appended to Mr. Lincoln's Address. It had not 
before been printed. It was thought the propriety of admitting it here 
would not be questioned, and the Author of the Address being applied to, 
kindly allowed it to be added to the other lists in this work. 

" A list of the names of such persons as came out of the town of Hingham, 
and Towns adjacent in the County of Norfolk, in the Kingdom of Eng- 
land, into New England, and settled in Hingham, in New England, 
most of them as followeth : — 

1633. Imprimis, in the year of our Lord God 1633, Theophilus 
Cushing came from Hingham in Norfolk, and lived several 
years at Mr. Hains's (Hayne's) farm and many years before 
he dyed he lived at Hingham, in New England, and there 
he dyed, being about 100 years old, and was blind about 25 
years of the said time. 1 

1633. Edmond Hobart, senior, came from said Hingham, with his 
wife and his son Joshua and his daughters Rebekah and Sarah 
and their servant Henry Gibbs, into New England, and set- 
tled first at Charlestown and after, the said Edmond Hobart 3 
and his son Joshua and Henry Gibbs settled in this Town of 

Also Ralph Smith came from Old Hingham and lived in this 
town. 1 

1633. Also Nicholas Jacob with his wife and two children, and their 

cosen Thomas Lincoln, weaver, came from Old Hingham, 4 
and settled in this Hingham. 1 

1633. Also Edmond Hobart and his wife came from Old Hingham, 

and settled in this Hingham. 2 

1633. Also Thomas Hobart came from Windham, with his wife and 

3 children, and settled in Hingham. 5 

1634. Thomas Chubbuck and his wife came and settled in this Hing- 

ham. 2 

1635. Mr. Peter Hobart Minister of the Gospell, with his wife and 4 

children, came into New England, and settled in this town of 
Hingham, and was Pastor of the Church years. 6 

1635. Mr. Anthony Cooper with his wife and 4 sons and 4 daughters 

and 4 servants, came from Old Hingham, and settled in New 14 

1635. John Farrow and his wife and child came from Old Hingham, 3 
and settled in New Hingham. 

1635. William Large and his wife came and settled at New Hing- 
ham. 2 
Also George Ludkin his wife and son. 3 

26 Daniel Ctishing's Record. [Jan. 

1637. John Tower and Samuel Lincoln came from Old Hingham, 2 

and both settled at New Hingham. 

Samuel Lincoln living some time at Salem. 


1638. Mr. Robert Peck preacher of the Gospell in the Town of 

Hingham, in the County of Norfolk, in Old England, with 
his wife and 2 children and two servants came over the sea, 6 
and settled in this Town of Hingham, and he was teacher of 
the Church. 
1638. Mr. Joseph Peck and his wife with 3 sons and daughter, and 

2 men servants and 3 maid servants came from Old Hingham 10 
and settled in New Hingham 

1638. Edward Gillman, with his wife 3 sons and two daughters and 

3 servants, came and settled in this Town of Hingham. 8 
1638. John Foulsham and his wife and two servants, came from Old 4 

Hingham and settled in New Hingham. 

1638. Henry Chamberlin shoe maker his wife and his mother and 

two children, came from Old Hingham and settled at New 5 

1638. Steven Gates his wife and 2 children, came from Old Hing- 
ham, and settled in New Hingham. 4 


1638. George Knights his wife and child came from Barrow, and 

settled in New Hingham. 3 

1638. Thomas Cooper and his wife and two children and two ser- 
vants and two other persons (viz :) John Tufts and Robert 
Skouling, came from Old Hingham, and thereabout, and set- 
tled in New Hingham. 8 

1638. Mathew Cushing and his wife and 4 sons and one daughter, 

and his wife's sister Frances Ricroft, widow came from Old 8 
Hingham and settled at New Hingham. 

1638. John Beale, shoemaker, with his wife and 5 sons and 3 12 
daughters and 2 servants, came from Old Hingham and set- 
tled at New Hingham. 

1638. Elizabeth Sayer and Mary Sayer came from Old Hingham, 

and settled in New Hingham. 2 

1638. Francis James and his wife and 2 servants (to witt) Thomas 

Sucklin and Richard Baxter came from Old Hingham and 4 
settled in New Hingham. 

1638. Philip James his wife and 4 children and two servants (viz) 

William Pitts and Edward Michell came from Old Hingham 8 
and settled in New Hingham. Philip James dyed soon after 
he came. 

1638. James Buck with his servant John Morfield, came from Old 2 
Hingham and settled in New Hingham. 

1638. Also in the same ship that the above named persons came in, 
came divers other persons out of several towns near to Old 
Hingham, (viz :) Steven Paine with his wife and 3 sons 4 9 
servants, came from Great Ellingham and settled in New 

1638. John Sutton and his wife and four children came from Atle- 6 
burraye, (Attleboro') and settled in New Hingham. 

1861.] Daniel Cushing's Record. 27 

1638. Steven Lincoln and his wife and his son Steven, came from 3 
Windham, and settled in New Hingham. 

1638. Samuel Packer and his wife and child came from Windham, 

and settled in New Hingham. 3 

1638. Thomas Lincoln and Jeremiah Moore came from Windham, 

and settled in New Hingham. 2 

1638. Mr. Henry Smith and his wife and 3 sons and two daughters, 
and three men servants, and 2 maid servants, and Thomas 
Mayer came from Ha**en Hall in Norfolk, and settled in 13 
New Hingham. 

1638. Mr. Bozone Allen and his wife and two servants came from 

Lynn, in Norfolk, and settled in New Hingham. 4 

Also William Riply and wife and 4 children. 6 

1638. Mathew Hawk and his wife, and his servant John Ferring, 
came from Cambridge, in Old England, and settled in New 
Hingham. 3 


All the persons above named that came over in the year 
1638, were 133, came in one ship called the Diligent of 
Ipswich ; the master was John Martin of said Ipswich. All 
before named that came before were 42 persons. 133 


All of them settled in this * * Town of Hingham. 


1639. Edmond Pitts and his wife and child and his brother Leonard 

Pitts and Adam Foulsham, came from Old Hingham and 

settled in New Hingham. 

Frances Ricroft died in a few weeks after she came ; and 

Mr. Robert Peck his wife his son Joseph and his maid went 

to England again in the year 1641. 
1638. William Riply and his wife and 2 sons and two daughters 

came from Old Hingham, and settled in New Hingham. 
1635. John Smart and his wife and 2 sons, came out of Norfolk, in 

Old England, and settled in New Hingham. 
1637. Henry Tuttil and his wife, and Isaac Wright, came out of 

Norfolk, and settled in New Hingham. 
1637. William Ludkin, the Smith, and his wife came from Norwich, 

and settled in New Hinsham. 


1637. From * * * in Norfolk came John Cutler, and his wife 7 9 
children one servant. 10 


All the persons that came from Norfolk in Old England in several 
years (viz:) beginning to come in the year 1633, until the year and in 
the year 1639, were 206. The most of them came from Old Hingham, 
and the rest of them from several other towns thereabout and settled in 
this town of New Hingham." 

28 Emigrants in the Hercules of Sandwich. [Jan 


Of 200 tons, John Witherley, master, bound for " the plantation called 
New England in America, with certificates from the ministers where thoy 
last dwelt, of their conversation, and conformity to the orders and dis- 
cipline of the church, and that they had taken the oath of allegiance and 

Nathaniel Tilden of Tenterden, yeoman, wife Lydia, seven children, 
and seven servants. Certificates from Mr. Jno. Gee, Vicar of Tenterden, 
26 Feb. 1634, Jno. Austin, Mayor of Tenterden, and Fregift Stace, jurat, 
4 Mar. 1634.f 

Jonas Austen, of Tenterden, Constance, his wife, and four children. 
Certificates from Mr. Jno. Gee, 1st Mar. 1634, Jno. Austin, Mayor, and 
Fregit Stace, jurat, 4 Mar. 1634. 

Rob. Brook, of Maidstone, mercer, Ann, his wife, and seven children. 
Certificates from Samuel Marshall, mayor of Maidstone, Tho. Swinnok, 
jurat, Edw. Duke and Rob. Barrel, ministers, 14 Mar. 1634. 

Tho. Heyward, of Aylesford, taylor, Susannah, his wife, and five chil- 
dren. Certificates from William Colepeper, Caleb Bancks, Edw. Duke, 
Han. Crispe, Franc. Froiden, cler. 14 Mar. 1634. 

Will. Witherell, of Maidstone, schoolmaster, Mary, his wife, three chil- 
dren, and one servant. Certificates from Sam. Marshal, mayor of Maid- 
stone, Tho. Swinnuck, Edw. Duke and Rob. Barrel, cl. 14 Mar. 1634. 

Fannett .... of Ashford,! hemp dresser. Certificates from Edw. 
Chute, Edm. Hayes, vicar of Ashford, Elias Wood, parson of Hinxhill,§ 
4 Mar. 1634. 

Tho. Boney and Han. Ewell, of Sandwich, shoemakers. Certificate 
from Mr. Tho. Warren, rector of St. Peters, in Sandwich, 14 Mar. 1634. 

Will. Hatch, of Sandwich, merchant, Jane, his wife, five children and 
six servants. Certificate from Mr. Tho. Gardener, vicar of St. Mary's, 
Sandwich, 17 Mar. 1634. 

Sam. Hinkley, of Tenterden, Sarah his wife, and four children. Cer- 
tificates, Mr. Jno. Gee, vicar of Tenterden, Jn. Austin, mayor, Fregift 
Stace, jurat, 15 Mar. 1634. 

Isaac Cole, of Sandwich, carpenter, Joan his wife, and two children. 
Certificate from Mr. Tho. Warren, rector of St. Peter, Sandwich, 14 Mar. 

A servant. A certificate from Edm. Hayes, vicar of Ashford, 21 Mar. 

Tho. Champion, of Ashford. Certificate from Edm. Hayes, vicar, 12 
Mar. 1634. 

Tho. Besbeech, of Sandwich, six children and three servants. Certifi- 
cates from Tho. Warren, rector of St. Peter's, Sandwich, 13 Mar. 1634. 
Tho. Harman, vicar of Hedcorn, 6 Mar. 1634. 

Jno. Lewis, of Tenterden, Sarah his wife and one child. Certificates 
from Jno. Gee, vicar of Tenterden, 20 Feb. 1634. Jno. Austin, mayor, 
and Fregift Stace, jurat, 1st Mar. 1634. 

* From the History of Sandwich, by William Boys, 4to, Canterbury, 1786-92. 
t The year in this list must be understood 1634-5. 

X In Kent, doubtless ; though there were at that day no less than eight Ashfords. 
§ Hinksell, Hinxell. The same, in Kent. 

1861.] Emigrants in the Hercules of Sandwich. 29 

Parnel Harris, of Bow, London. Certificate from Jos. Leeth, vicar of 
Bow, London 19 Mar. 1634. 

James Sayers, of Northburn,* taylor. Certificate from Edw. Nicholls, 
vicar of Northburn, 2 Feb. 1634. 

Comfort Starre, of Ashford, chirurgion. Three children and three 
servants. Certificates from Edm. Hayes, vicar of Ashford, 21 Mar. 1634. 
Jno. Honnywood, Tho. Godfrey, justices. 

Jos. Rootes, of Great Chart. Cert, from Rob. Gorsham, curate of 
great Chart, 20 Mar. 1634. 

Em. Mason, of Eastwell, wid. Certificate from Will. Sandford, rector 
of Eastwell, 16 Mar. 1634. 

Margt. wife oi Will Jones, late of Sandwich, now of New England, 
painter. Certificate from Tho. Gardiner, vicar of St. Mary's, Sandwich, 
26 Mar. 1634. 

Jno. Best, of St. George's, Canterbury, taylor. Certificate from Tho. 
Jackson, minister of St. Georges, Canterbury, ult. Feb. 1634. 

Tho. Bridgen, of Faversham, husbandman, his wife and two 

children. Certificates from Jno. Phillips, minister of Faversham, 5 March, 
1634, Jno. Knowler, mayor, and Will. Thurston, jurat. 

[In another part of the same work the following list is found, " of per- 
sons who have taken passage from the town and port of Sandwich for the 
American Plantations since the last certificate of such passengers returned 
into the office of Dover Castle." Whether their destination was for New 
England is left to conjecture. However, it is pretty certain that some of 
them found their way there eventually. The list is "certified under the 
seal of office of mayoralty, 9 June, 1637."] 

Thomas Starr, of Canterbury, yeoman, Susan, his wife, and one child. 

Edward Johnson, of Canterbury, joiner, Susan, his wife, seven children 
and three servants. 

Nicholas Butler, of Eastwell, yeoman, Joice, his wife, three children 
and five servants. 

Samuel Hall, of Canterbury, yeoman, Joan, his wife, and three servants. 

Henry Bachelor, of Dovor, brewer, Martha, his wife, and four servants. 

Joseph Bachelor, of Canterbury, taylor, Elizabeth, his wife, one child 
and three servants. 

Henry Richardson, of Canterbury, carpenter, Mary, his wife, and five 

Jarvis Boykett, of Charington, carpenter, and one servant. 

John Bachelor, of Canterbury, taylor. 

Nathaniel Ovell, of Dovor, cordwinder, and one servant. 

Thomas Calle, of Faversham, husbandman, Bennett, his wife, and 
three children. 

William Eaton, of Staple, husbandman, Martha, his wife, three chil- 
dren, and one servant. 

Joseph Coleman, of Sandwich, shoemaker, Sara, his wife, and four 

Matthew Smith, of Sandwich, cordwinder, Jane, his wife, and four 

Marmaduke Peerce, of Sandwich, taylor, Mary, his wife, and one 

* In Kent, Northborne in some early topographies. 

30 Items from the City Records at Leyden. [Jan. 


In the Historical Magazine some very valuable notes have been pub- 
lished, contributed by Hon. Henry C. Murphy, Minister at the Hague, 
being extracts from the city records at Leyden, and, by the kind permis- 
sion of the publisher, Mr. C. B. Richardson, we now present such of the 
items as are interesting to the genealogist especially.* 

1. John Robinson, the minister. In 1622 his family consisted of him- 
self, his wife Bridget, children James,t Bridget, Isaac, Mercy, Fear and 
Jacob, and a maid servant, Mary Hardy. In May, 1629, Bridget m. John 
Grynwich, student of theology, and Robinson's widow was a witness. 

2. Degory Priest of London, m. Sarah Vincent, widow of John V. of 
London, Nov. 4, 1611. She m. 2d, in Leyden, 13 Nov. 1621, Goddard 
Godbert, and is there called " Sarah Allerton, widow of Degory Priest." 
(She was probably a relation of Isaac Allerton, and was married the 
same day.) 

3. Isaac Allerton, of London, m. 4 Nov. 1611, Mary Norris, of 
Newbury, Eng. 

4. William White m. Feb. 1, 1612, Anna Fuller. 

5. Samuel Fuller of London, (whose former wife was Elsie Glas- 
cock,) m. Agnes Carpenter of Wrentham,| Eng. William Hoyt was his 
brother-in-law, and Alice Carpenter was the bride's sister. Both were 

6. William Bradford, of Austerfield, Eng., m. Nov. 30, 1613, Doro- 
thy May of Witzbuts, Eng. 

7. Moses Fletcher, (former wife was Maria Evans,) m. Sarah Ding- 
by, widow of William D. 

8. Samuel Fuller, (former wife was Anna Carpenter,) m. 27 May, 
1617, Bridget Lee, whose mother Joos Lee was a witness. 

9. Edward Winslow of London m. 16 May, 1618, Elizabeth Barker 
of Chetsum, Eng. Her niece, Jane Phesel, witnessed. 

10. William Bassett, (former wife was Cecil Lecht,) m. Margaret 
Oldham, 13 Aug. 1611. He was published with Mary Butler, 19 March, 
1611, but she died before marriage. 

11. Robert Cushman of Canterbury, Eng., (former wife Sarah Cush- 
man,) m. 3 June, 1617, Mary Chingelton. 

12. George Morton, of York, Eng., m. 23 July, 1612, Julia Ann Car- 
penter. Her father Alexander C. and sister Alice C. were witnesses with 
Anna Robinson and Thomas Morton, brother of the groom. 

13. John Jenne of Norwich, Eng., m. 1 Nov. 1614, Sarah Carey of 
Moncksoon, Eng. 

14. Stephen Tracy m. 2 Jan. 1621, Trifisa Le . 

15. Richard Masterton of Sandwich, Eng., m. Mary Goodall of 
Leicester, Eng., 26 Nov. 1619. His bro. -in-law John Ellis witnessed. 

Others, of the same congregation, were (16) William Pautes, who m. 
Wybra Hausen, 4 Dec. 16 10 ; (17) Raynulph Tickens, who m. 11 
April, 1611, Jane White of Bebel ; (18) William Buckrum of Ipswich, 

* This synapsis has been kindly furnished by Mr. W. H. Whitmore. 
t Mr. G. Sumner reads this name John. See N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., xiii, 342. 
} Mr. Somerby does not find the Carpenter family at this early date in "Wrentham, 
Eng. This name should probably be Wrington. See N.E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., xiv, 196. 

1861.] Items from the City Records at Leyden. 31 

Eng., who m. Elizabeth Neal of Scrooby, 17 Dec. 1611 ; (19) Henry 
Crullings, who m. 20 Dec. 1613, Dorothy Pettinger of Moortel ; and (20) 
John Gillies of Essex, who had m. formerly Elizabeth Pettinger, and 
who m. Rosa Lylse of Yarmouth, 23 March, 1617. 
Other names are : — 

21. John Jennings of Colchester. 

22. Edward Southworth. 

23. William Buckrum of Ipswich. [See No. 18.] 

24. Henry Cullens. 

25. Edward Pickering of London. 

26. Roger Wilkins. 

27. Samuel Ferrier of Caen, France, [who m. 16 May, 1614, Mildreth 

28. Roger Chandler of Rochester. 

29. Samuel Butler of Yarmouth. 

30. Edmund Jepson. 

31. Roger Wilson. 

32. Henry Wilson of Yarmouth, who m. 16 May, 1616. 

33. Zecheriah Berry. 

34. John Spoonard. 

35. Samuel Lee. 

36. Stephen Butterworth. 

37. Henry Jepson. 

38. Roger Simons of Sarum. 

39. Daniel Fairfield of Colchester. 

40. Thomas Smith of Bury, [who m. Anna, dau. of John Crackston.] 

41. John Codmore. 

42. Thomas Hatfield. 

43. Joseph Parsons of Colchester. 

44. Robert Nelson. 

45. Robert Warrener. 

46. Raynulf Tickens, (brother-in-law of Robinson.) 

47. Isaac Marcus. 

48. Thomas Southworth. 

49. Abraham Gray. 

50. Henry Marshall. 

51. Alexander Carpenter. 

52. William Hoyt. 

53. William Jepson. 

54. Robert Smith. 

55. John Keble. 

56. Thomas Williams. 

57. Jonathan Williams. 

58. Henry Wood. 

59. Israel Nes. 

60. William Talbot. 

61. John Ellis. 

62. Anthony Clemens. 

63. Roger White. 

64. Anna Fuller. 

65. Dillen Carpenter, (a female.) 

66. Sarah Priest. 

67. William Lysle. 

32 Petition of Peleg Stevens. [Jan. 

68. John Reynolds of London. 

69. Edward Goddar. 

70. Catharine Carver. 

71. William Talbot. 

72. Elizabeth Neal. 

73. Wybran Pautes, (a female.) 

74. William Pautes of Norwich, (see No. 16.) 

75. Joanna Lyons. 

76. Pruce Jennings, (a female.) 

77. Mary Finch. 

78. William Brewer, a printer, and partner of Brewster, called also 
Thomas Brewer. A child of Brewster died 20 June, 1609. 

It is to be hoped that these investigations will be continued, as the 
transcriber states he copied specially only those who came in the first 
four ships, and there is much more on the record. A letter from Robin- 
son's church, April 28, 1625, announcing his death, is signed by Roger 


[Communicated by Rev. John A. Vinton of South Boston.] 

To His Excellency Thomas Pownal, Esq., Captain General and Com- 
mander in Chief, &c. To the Hon ble His Majesty' 8 Council & House of 
Representatives assembled at Boston the 9 th Day of Dec 1 *. 1758. 

The Petition of Peleg Stevens of Dartmouth humbly sheweth. That 
whereas your Peti r . Inlisted himself as a soldier in the Crown point Ex- 
pedition on the Twenty second day of April A. D. 1756, under the com- 
mand Cap 1 . Joel Bradford and being Detached from said Company to go 
in a scouting party Commanded by Cap 1 . Hodges was on the nineteenth of 
September A. D. 1756 captivated by the Indians and held in Captivity by 
them about thirteen months Passing thro' all the Dangers, hardships & 
Difficultys to which those of our nation are Exposed who are so unhappy 
as to fall into the hands of that savage and Barbarous crew, after which 
your Peti r was bought by the french and Carried to Quebeck and there 
Closely Confined about Two months & from thence sent to france and 
there Imprisoned in three separate Prisons in about the space of three 
months, from which Long Captivity your Peti r was Redeemed and arived 
at England the Twenty seventh day of March A.D. 1758, and there Lived 
upon his Majesty's Royal Bounty until 1 an oppertunty presented for your 
Peti r to be sent home to New England. To which Place your Peti r 
arived the Eighteenth Day of September Last, by means of which your 
Peti r has been incapacitated for serving his King, his Country, or himself, 
any more than the Consuming a small portion of Provision for his Ma- 
jestys Enemies. 

Therefore your Peti r humbly prays he may be allowed his monthly 
pay from the said Twenty second day of April 1756 to the said Eigh- 
teenth day of September 1758. And your Peti r as in Duty bound shall 
ever pray. Peleg Stevens. 

1S61.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 33 



[Continued from Vol. XII., page 172.] 

It therefore appears that it was a very current belief among the 
English, that a rising of the Indians was planned, and intended to be 
carried into execution in 1671. The same author continues: — "The 
said Matoonas being a Nipnet Indian, which Nipnets were under the 
command of the Sachem of Mount Hope, the author of all the present 
[167GJ mischiefs."* It therefore appears, also, that Philip was held 
accountable for whatever was done against any of the English, by any 
of the Indians, supposed to be under his control or influence. 

The surliness of Philip, complained of early in the year 1(571, may, 
in some measure, have been owing to his believing himself wrongly 
accused; and to have strengthened his belief, also, that the English 
were about to make war upon him under a false pretence of injuries 
received from the Indians, about which he knew nothing. However 
this may be, the people of Plymouth thought themselves in imminent 
danger as early as the month of Maroh, and reported to the Governor 
of Massachusetts that "Philip was marching up and down" with 
many of his men, armed as for war. and carried themselves insultingly 
to the English, whenever they met any of them. 

From all that can now be discovered, the following severe remarks 
of Mr. Hubbard do not appear to be entirely justifiable. After his 
account of the captivity and death of Alexander, before extracted, this 
historian proceeds, — " Nor was anything of that nature [unkindness to 
the Indians] ever objected to the English of Plymouth, by the said 
Alexander's brother, by name Philip, commonly, for his ambitious and 
haughty spirit, nicknamed King Philip, when he came in the year 
1062, in his own person, with Sausaman his Secretary and chief Coun- 
sellor, to renew the former league that had been between his predeces- 
sors and the English of Plymouth ; but there was as much correspond- 
ence betwixt them for the next seven years, as ever had been in any 
former times. What can be imagined, therefore, besides the instigation 
of Satan, that either envied at the prosperity of the Church of God 
here seated ; or else fearing lest the power of the Lord Jesus, that had 
overthrown his kingdom in other parts of the world, should do the 
like here ; and so the stone taken out of the mountain, without hands, 
should become a great mountain itself, and fill the whole earth, no 
cause of provocation being given by the English; for once before this, 
in the year 1671, the Devil, who was a murderer from the beginning, 
had so filled the heart of this salvage miscreant with envy and malice 
against the English, that he was ready to break out into open war 
against the inhabitants of Plymouth, pretending some petite injuries 
done to him in fhis| planting land."f 

* Hubbard. Narrative, p 7. 

t Narrative of the Troubles, 10, 11. — " He then armed himself and acted like a Hebel that intended 
a speedy rising, yea, he ordered (as some Indians have since confessed) that if the English did senj. 


34 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [Jan. 

As a farther proof that Philip designed a war, it was alleged that he 
was providing himself with arms of various kinds, repairing his guns, 
sharpening knives and grinding hatchets. All these indications were 
reported at Boston by messengers from Plymouth, as early as the first 
of April, 1G71 ; with a request that the government of Massachusetts 
would use its endeavors to cause Philip to dismiss his strange Indians 
and be peaceable. Acting upon this request, the Governor and Council 
of Massachusetts engaged Philip to meet some gentlemen, which they 
would depute for the purpose, at Taunton: and there to confer with 
others from Plymouth, to the end that all difficulties might be settled. 
This proposal was acceded to, and the time for the conference was the 
10th of April. Taunton village, then called the Training Field, and 
since Taunton Green, was the place appointed. The Government of 
Massachusetts deputed William Davis, William Hudson and Thomas 
Brattle on their part, and the Governor of Plymouth, Mr. Prince, Josias 
Winslow and Constant Southworth, with several other gentlemen, ap- 
peared on the part of Plymouth. The English having met, according to 
arrangement, were surprised to learn that Philip and his attendants 
were at Three-mile-river,* about four miles from them, and were wait- 
ing for the Governor of Plymouth to come to them. This they learned 
from messengers sent to them by Philip. The English declined the 
proposal, and returned answer that the Green was the place of meet- 
ing originally agreed upon, and desired him to appear there. This 
answer was delivered to Philip by James Brown and Mr. Williams,! 
who found his men in considerable force, attired, armed and painted as 
if expecting a battle. This was to be expected ; for the people of 
Plymouth had given out so many threats that Philip had very good 
reason for this appearance in warlike array; and when he saw the 
other party armed and marshalled he was very reasonably confirmed, 
in his suspicions, that they intended to attack him. However, not 
even the venerable peace-maker, Mr. Williams, could overcome the 
fears of the Indians, so far as to induce them to proceed to the Green 
on any other terms, than by having hostages left in their hands. This 
arrangement was accordingly entered into, and Mr. Williams and 
James Brown remained with some of the Indians, while the rest pro- 
ceeded towards the Green with Philip at their head. When they came 
to a well-known point called Crossman's Hill, J in view of the English, 
and beholding their encampment, and their men parading in military 
order, they hesitated to advance. Yet after stationing sentinels on the 
Hill they proceeded down to Crossman's Mill,$ near by, and again 

messengers to treat with him, if above four came in company together, thev should be shot down." 
Mather's Relation, 72-3. 

* Baylies, Mem. New Plymouth, II., Part iii, p. 18. 

t Roger Williams ? There was a prominent inhabitant of Tmmton at tins time, named Richard 
Williams, but I believe lie had not the honorable prefix of Mr. He is supposed by some to have been 
a brother of Roger. Richard Williams, accord- 
ing to Baylies, died in 1692. I am of the opinion, 

nig to liayiies, aieu m jo'jz. i am ot me opinion, yj •% - 

that the services of Roger was secured on this ( /\ {7 O /? /* T^S ' If* 

important occasion, owing to his great influence ^ — "\^~~ 7 " ' I ' "/ CfJyVQ 

among the Indians. ^v^r - <_/ *J 

X So named, probably, from an early settler thereabouts, named John Crossman, or Crosman. 

§ Where the Gristmill now is. — Baylies, II., Part iii, p. 18. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 35 

halted. From this place he despatched another message to the Green, 
with an invitation for the Governor to meet him at the Mill. To this 
the English would not listen, and the Plymouth men became clam- 
orous to be allowed to attack Philip. This rash proposal was set aside 
by the Massachusetts Delegation, and in the end Philip agreed to go 
to the Green, on the condition, that the meeting should be in the Meet- 
inghouse, and that the Indians should occupy one side of it and the 
English the other. 

Here was a scene for a painter. Both parties were in their war 
costumes; the Indians, with their faces and bodies painted after their 
savage manner, with their long bows, and quivers of arrows at their 
backs, with here and there a gun, in the hands of those best skilled in 
the use of them; the English in the Cromwellian habit, slouched hats 
with their broad brims, bandoleers, cuirasses, long swords and unwieldy 

Such was the extraordinary scenery amidst which was to be under- 
taken a settlement of difficulties between the English and Indians. It 
is evident that Philip now saw he had been out-generaled in the pre- 
liminaries, and that this was owing to the influence his friends, the 
English of the Bay, had in directing his operations, that he was now 
completely in the power of his enemies, and that he could only extri- 
cate himself by assenting to their demands, however unreasonable they 
might be. The complaint that the English had injured him in his 
planting lands, they say, was a mere pretence and fabrication, and 
acknowledged by him to be such; and when required to give reasons 
for his warlike preparations, he said they were made for defence against 
the Narragansets, from whom an attack was apprehended. But the 
English answered that this was utterly false, because they had proof 
that he was on better terms with the Narragansets than ever before; 
and that this so confounded him that " he confessed the whole plot," 
and acknowledged " that it was the naughtiness of his own heart that 
put him upon that rebellion, and nothing of any provocation from the 
English." This is the language of a Submission drawn up by the 
English and signed by Philip, Tavoser, Capt. Wispoke, Woonkapone- 
hunt [Unkompoin] and Nimrod [Umnathum.] It is dated April 10th, 
1671, and witnessed by the three Commissioners or Delegates from 
Boston, before mentioned. 

The most grievous part of the submission now made by Philip was 
his promise to deliver up all the English arms in his possession to the 
government of Plymouth, "to be kept for their security so long as they 
shall see reason." Accordingly all of his men surrendered their guns 
before leaving the place of meeting, and then Philip was dismissed and 
allowed to return home.* 

The result of this Conference increased the hatred of Philip for the 
English, which he in some measure stifled for the present, and some of 
his Captains were so angry at him for this submission, that they could 
scarcely forbear seeking immediate vengeance. It is said that one of 

* " The English, being tender of shedding blood, let him go upon promise of better behavior for 
the future." — Mather's Relation, 73. 

36 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [Jan. 

them, "of far better courage than himself, when he saw his cowardly- 
temper and disposition, flung down his arms, saying he would never 
own him again, or fight under him," and immediately joined the 
English, and fought on their side through the war that followed.* 

A decided advantage was gained by the English in this negotiation, 
but it was of that kind which gave no security for its permanency. It 
was an advantage which goaded and provoked the Indians to revenge, 
while to their inconsiderate opponents it tended to make them insolent, 
and to think less of the natives than ever. 

Consequently there was no cessation of complaints on both sides. 
The English said the Indians did not give up all their arms at 
Taunton, as they agreed to do, but conveyed some of them away slily. 
Therefore, under the pretence that all the Wampanoags were to deliver 
up their arms, forces were sent to different tribes, or clans of those 
Indians, as the Nemaskets and Seconets, to take them by force. 
In this way many guns were seized and brought to Plymouth. This 
does not seem to be justifiable from the articles of submission entered 
into at Taunton. By those articles Philip bound himself in these 
words: — "I do freely engage to resign up unto the Government of 
New Plymouth, all my English arms." Now the Seconets, Assawom- 
sets, Nemaskets and others, were probably not thought of by Philip 
when he signed the articles ; and nothing appears to authorize a belief 
that any arms were to be delivered up, except those Philip's followers 
had brought with them to Taunton. Indeed, from what we know of 
the authority of Chiefs over their people, Philip had no power what- 
ever to compel any of his men to give up the arms which they had 
purchased and honestly paid for. Hence it is easy to see that the 
breach between the English and the Indians, was. by the proceedings 
at Taunton, materially widened ; and that every step afterwards, in 
pursuance of those proceedings, tended to make it irreparable. 


Consequence of the seizure of the Arms of the Wampanoags. — The Seconets. — Awashonks. — Her 
submission. — Accusations against Philip — Interference of Massachusetts. — -A Council of War at 
Plymouth. — Resolve to attack Philip. — He refuses to appear at Plymouth. — Goes to Boston.— 
Further account of Awashonks. — Commissi >ners meet at Plymouth — Philip again signs articles of 
Submission — The act compulsory. — The Indian a wily foe. — The whites more wily. — Philip's 
course after the Plymouth Submission. — A Letter from him. — The English desire to benefit the 

As was to be expected, the seizure of the guns of all the Indians in 
Plymouth Colony, created a great ferment among them. They had 
become quite dependent on those arms to procure the means of living, 
and hence it is not strange that they should consider the seizure oi 
them an act of great injustice; especially, as they probably could 

* Hubbard, Narrative, 14. The name of that Chief docs not appear. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 37 

not understand upon what grounds it was done. Among those who 
made their resentment the most conspicuous, were the Seconets, 
who had at their head a female chief of great energy of character, 
named Awashonks. The precise acts which passed between Plym- 
outh and the Seconets, previous to June, 1671, do not appear upon 
record, and are only to be inferred from the terms of a submission 
which Awashonks made on the 24th of that month, at Plymouth. She 
had been ordered to appear there much earlier, and the Submission 
paper says, — "In admitting, that the Court are in some measure satis- 
fied with your voluntary* coming in now at last, and submission of 
herself unto us ; yet this we expect that she give some meet satisfaction 
for the charge and trouble she has put us upon by her too long stand- 
ing out against the many tenders of peace we have made to her and 
her people." The document further speaks of "the redncement" of 
such of her people as have been the '-incendiaries" of the mischief. 

Some of the circumstances were these. The Government of Plym- 
outh, having sent an armed force under Major Josiah Winslow to seize 
the arms of the Seconets, had failed in the object ; which failure was 
no doubt occasioned by the Indians being able to secrete or hide away 
their guns. However, the Court promise, that, as many of those people 
as should give themselves and arms up in ten days from the 24th of 
June, should receive no hurt or damage from the Court. The Submis- 
sion, or agreement, was signed by Awasuncks, Totatomet and Soma- 
gaonet. Samuel Baker and John Almey were witnesses. Be this as 
it may. the work of disarming the Indians in Plymouth Colony went on. 

The Indians not having brought in their guns, agreeably to the treaty 
at Taunton, as that treaty was construed by Plymouth, the Court of 
that Colony, having met in June, passed an order, "that all the guns 
that did belong to Philip, now in our hands, are justly forfeited;" 
whereupon they made another order, by which those guns were to be 
distributed to those who took them, and to the English in the several 
towns, "proportionately." Here then was an end to Philip's hopes 
that the arms would ever be restored to him, as was provided by the 
Taunton Treaty. 

At the same Court a record was made which charges Philip with 
having broken faith with them in everything he had promised at 
Taunton ; and that he had since that time endeavored to render the 
Government of Plymouth odious to the Massachusetts Colony by false 
reports, complaints and suggestions. Plymouth, also, assumed a com- 
plete authority over the Wampanoags, which is thus expressed in their 
records: — Besides their refusal to comply with the terms of the treaty 
at Taunton, " and his refusing or avoiding a treaty with us concerning 
those and other matters that are justly offensive to us, notwithstanding 
his late engagement, as well as former, to submit to the King's author- 
ity, and the authority of this Colony." 

Now the Government of Massachusetts thought Plymouth had as- 

* It will be seen that what is really meant is the reverse of this. A voluntary compulsion is rather 
an awkward kind of compliance. It shows that the Pilgrims, or rather, the sons of the Pilgrims, did, 
sometimes, say one thing and mean another. 

38 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [Jan. 

sumed a little too much, and expressed itself to that effect, in answer 
to a request from Plymouth, that that Government would cooperate with 
them in compelling Philip to perform what was required of him.* 
Plymouth had become exceedingly indignant, because Philip would 
not obey certain summonses to appear at their Court and give satisfac- 
tion for his breach of faith. At length a Council of War was convened 
at Plymouth on the 23d of August, (1671,) at which was taken into 
consideration, " Philip's entertaining of many strange Indians, which 
might portend danger towards us. In special by his entertaining of 
divers Sacenett Indians, professed enemies to this Colony, and this 
against good counsel given him by his friends." It was therefore 
"unanimously agreed by this Council of War, that we cause the said 
Sachem to make his personal appearance to make his purgation, in 
reference to the premises;" and should he refuse, to cause his "reduce- 
ment by force." 

So easy a conquest had been achieved over Alexander. Philip's pre- 
decessor, the Plymouth people probably argued that one over Philip 
would not be more difficult. However, they wished to provide against 
any opposition which the Indians could make, and therefore it was 
resolved in the Council of War, that, although the controversy " seemed 
to lie more immediately between" Philip and them, it concerned all 
the English plantations; and hence it was determined ' : to state the 
case" to Massachusetts and Rhode Island Colonies; "and if, by their 
weighty advice to the contrary, we are not diverted, to signify unto 
them, that if they look upon themselves concerned to engage in the 
case with us against a common enemy, it shall be well accepted as a 
neighborly kindness, which we shall hold ourselves obliged to repay, 
when Providence may so dispose that we have opportunity."! 

Accordingly a letter, containing the doings of the Council of War, was 
despatched to Governor Bellingham and his Council, in the Bay, by 
Mr. John Freeman, one of the Plymouth Magistrates: another to 
Governor Benedict Arnold and the Council of Rhode Island, by Mr. 
Thomas Hinckley and Mr. Constant South worth, two other Magis- 
trates; and another "to the said Philip the said Sachem, to require 
his personal appearance at Plymouth, on the 13th day of September 
next;" which was the time appointed for the proposed treaty or con- 
ference. This was sent by Mr. James Walker, one of the Council, and 
he was ordered to request the company of Mr. Roger Williams and 
Mr. James Brown. 

In case Philip did not make his appearance as ordered, an armed 
force was to march against him at the expiration of a week from the 
13th of September, namely, on the 20th. J Men for the expedition 
were in readiness, and ordered to hold themselves thus, "until the 
intended expedition is issued." And, it was further ordered, that all 
the towns in the Colony, should, meantime, take every precaution in 

* Plymoutli Colony Records, in MS., 23 Aug. 1*171. t Plymouth Colony Records. 

I By the Articles of Confederation of the United Colonies, no Colony belonging to said Confedera- 
tion could make war without the consent of the several General Courts of the United Colonies.— 
Hazard, ii, 519. 

1861. Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 39 

providing against an attack of the Indians, and to carry their arms to 
the meetings on Sundays, or Lord's Days, as they were called. 

Philip, on receiving the Council's letter, immediately proceeded to 
Boston, to confer with the Government of the Massachusetts Colony. 
There was nothing wrong in this; on the other hand, an agreement 
existed between him and Massachusetts, that, in case of any difficulty 
with any of the English or Indians and him, he should not commit 
any hostile acts against them, but should lay the matter before the 
Authorities, who agreed on their part to see justice done. But the 
Plymouth people viewed this movement of Philip as another outrage, 
and a special contempt of their authority. 

Notwithstanding the letter which the Council of War sent to Boston, 
(which doubtless reached there as soon as Philip did,) the Governor 
and Council of that Colony returned an answer which was very unsat- 
isfactory to Plymouth, and probably prevented the expedition against 
Philip which was appointed to march on the 20th of September, as just 
stated. In that letter it was remarked, that Massachusetts did not 
conceive Philip was so much in the wrong as Plymouth thought him 
to be ; and recommended a compliance with his requests. They fur- 
ther observed, " that they doubted whether the covenants and engage- 
ments that Philip and his predecessors had made with them, would 
plainly import that he had subjected himself, people and country to 
them, any further than as in a neighborly and friendly correspon- 

This decided language of Massachusetts caused the Authorities at 
Plymouth to attribute the cause of it to the abuse Philip had practiced 
upon the former Government ; "by carrying lies and false stories to 
them,"* as they averred. 

Philip knew very well that if he attended a Council of War at 
Plymouth, he would be compelled to sign whatever articles might be 
required of him, as he had done at Taunton the previous April. It is 
very reasonable that he should wish to avoid other similar compulsive 

From Rhode Island, Plymouth received a more encouraging letter. 
By that letter it appears that that Colony had no doubt of the hostile 
intentions of the Indians, and they express a readiness to stand by and 
assist Plymouth, in case there should be occasion for their ser vices. f 

Meanwhile a complete reconciliation took place between Awashonks 
and Governor Prince, as appears by a letter from her to the Governor, 
dated on the 11th of August, (1671.) Of course she did not write the 
letter; and how much of it she dictated or assented to, is left to con- 
jecture. Her scribe was doubtless Mr. Samuel Baker, before named, 
and the letter was in answer to one from the Governor of the 7th of 
August preceding. In her letter she says, " As you are pleased to sig- 
nify, that if I continue faithful to my engagement made with your- 
selves at Plymouth, I may expect all just favors from your honor." 

* Plymouth Colony Records. 

t The letter sent to Rhode Island by Plymouth is probably lost, as Mr. Bartlett, the able Editor of 
the Rhode Island Records, seems not to have mat with it. 

40 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [Jan. 

That she was resolved, while she lived, with all fidelity to stand to 
her engagement, and in a peaceable submission to his commands. She 
said she was sensible that by her submission she had greatly offended 
some of the Indians, and must look to Plymouth to protect her against 
them; that she had resolved to send in all her guns, "being six in 
number," according to her agreement, but two of them were so large 
that the messengers were not able to carry them; that she offered them 
to Mr. Baker, but he told her he had no authority to receive them, and 
recommended her to give them to Mr. John Almey, who belonged to 
.the jurisdiction of Plymouth. Before she could do this, it unfortunately 
happened, that an Indian, named Broad-faced-will, stole one of them 
in the night, and ran away with it to King Philip, at Mount Hope. 

On a further review of the correspondence between the Seconet 
Queen and Governor Prince, the very slender authority of the former 
over her "subjects" is strikingly apparent. Up to the 11th of August, 
the names only of forty-two of her men could be obtained, who would 
agree to the articles she had entered into with Plymouth. Among 
them was her husband, named Tolony,* but her two sons, Mamanewa 
and Tatuckamna, refused to acknowledge any authority of Plymouth 
over them, as did also her brother, but his name does not appear.f 
This submission of her people, Governor Prince considered rather an 
imperfect one, but said he did not consider it her fault; but was sorry 
she had no more influence or control over them. He also observed, 
that if the Seconets would set at defiance, his Majesty's authority, they 
might repent it when too late, or language to that effect. 

Thus stood affairs when another Council of War was to be held at 
Plymouth. This was appointed for the 24th of September, and at 
which Philip, agreeably to an understanding which he had with Mas- 
sachusetts, was to be present. He was encouraged to appear, as the 
Commissioners of the United Colonies were to be present. Accord- 
ingly, on the day appointed, appeared Gov. John Winthrop of Connec- 
ticut, Major General John Leverett, Mr. Thomas Danforth and Capt. 
William Davis of Massachusetts ; " with diners others." 

Those Commissioners, having resolved themselves into a sort of 
High Commissioned Court, proceeded to a hearing of the matters at 
issue. From what can be learned by the accounts, both in manuscript 
and print, Philip was actually on trial in this Court, and the articles 
which he subscribed are much of the nature of a sentence. Indeed, it 
is stated in one author,! that "all Philip's allegations were heard, to 
the conviction of himself, and great satisfaction of all that audience." 
The same writer adds. — " The conclusion was. Philip acknowledged 
his offence, and was appointed to give a sum of money to defray the 
charges which his insolent clamors had put that Colony unto." 

The Session of the Commissioners seems to have occupied live days, 
namely, from the 24th to the 29th of September. On the last named 

* In a deed of 1674, Awashonk's husbands's name appears as Waweyewet. See Baylies' New 
Plymouth iv. 63. 

t She had a brother named Tokamona, subsequently killed by ihe Narragansets.— -Church, Hist. 
Kin* Philip's War. Ill, edition 1827. 

\ Dr. I. Mather, Relation of the Troubles, 73. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 41 

day Articles were presented, which Philip and several of his chief 
men, or Counsellors, signed.* 

By this Treaty, or " Articles," Plymouth wrung from the Wampa- 
noag Chief the acknowledgment of submission, for which they had 
strenuously contended ; and by which they reduced him, in appearance, 
at least, to the condition of the Seconet Queen. How this matter of sub- 
mission was gotten over by the Commissioners, does not appear, nor is 
it stated on what grounds the Massachusetts members gave up their 
former position, namely, that the Indians had formerly made no sub- 
mission, but had only made treaties of reciprocity, for mutual benefit 
and protection. However, there can be no question that Philip con- 
sidered iiimself overreached, and submitted again to Articles which he 
detested, but which he could not avoid executing without an imme- 
diate war, for which he had made no preparation, or was in no condi- 
tion to prosecute. 

The Indian, especially King Philip, has always been characterized 
as a wily foe, but the wiles of the white man were as superior to his, 
as modern diplomatic tactics are superior to those of an age of pristine 
simplicity. In the present situation of affairs, Philip was convinced 
that resistance would avail nothing, but on the contrary it would 
pretty surely prove his destruction. Therefore he was obliged to stifle 
his resentment, as the only course left him. He probably had no fixed 
determination to resist the aggressions of his white neighbors at any 
future definite day, while it is probable that he hoped a time would 
come in which he could be revenged for the wrongs he had been com- 
pelled to submit to. The nature of these wrongs have already been 
explained. That they were, to some extent, imaginary, is probably 
true, while, at the same time, there was much done on the part of the 
English which cannot be defended, except by such kind of argument 
as that employed at all times since, when the red man stood in the 
way of the avaricious, rapacious and unprincipled white man. 

It has been asserted, that from the time of the Plymouth submission 

* The following is a copy : — 

Art 1. We Philip and my Council and my Subjects, do acknowledge ourselves Subject to his 
MAJESTY the King ot England, and the Government of New-Plimouth, and to their Laws. 

Art. 2 I am willing, and do promise to pay unto the Government of Plimouth, one hundred 
pounds in such things as I have : but I would intreat the favour that I might have three years to pay it 
in, forasmuch as I cannot do it at present. 

Art. 3 I do promise to send unto the Governor, or whom he shall appoint, Five Wolves heads, 
if I can get them : or as many as I can procure, until they come to Five Wolves yearly. 

Art. 4 If any difference fall between the English and my self, and People, then 1 do promise to 
repair to the Governor of Plimouth, to rectify the difference amongst us. 

Art. 5. I do promise not to make war with any, but with the Governor's approbation of Plimouth. 
Art 6 I promise, not to dispose of any of the lands that I have at present, but by the approbation 
of the Governor of Plimouth. 

For thf true performance of the premises of the said Sackim, Philip of Paukamakett, do hereby 
bind myself, and such of my Council as are present, ourselves, our Heirs, our Successors, faithfully, 
and to promise, in witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our hands the Day and Year above 
written ; [29 Sept. 1671.] In the presence of the Coutt and divers of the Magistrates and other Gen- 
tlemen of the Massachusetts and Connecticut. 

The mark P of Phillip Sackem. 

The mark K of Wohkowpahenit. 

The mark < of Wuitakooseeim. 

The mark X of Sonkanuhoo. 

The mark V of Woonashum, alias Nimrod. 

The mark Y of Woospasuck, alias Captain. 

42 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [Jan. 

in the autumn of 1671, to the breaking out of the war of 1675, Philip 
was using all the art of which he was master to engage all the Indians 
of New England to unite in destroying the white inhabitants. This 
cannot be proved by documentary evidence, any more than the reverse 
of the proposition. But it is no doubt fairly to be inferred, that Philip 
and his chief men made it a special business to relate to their neighbors 
of other tribes all the circumstances of their difficulties with the Eng- 
lish; and that in those relations the English were made to appear 
wholly in the light of aggressors. Hence it became the fixed opinion 
of all the Indians, throughout New England, that their countrymen in 
general, and the Wampanoags especially, had not only been wronged 
ever since the English came into the country, but that those wrongs 
were increasing. Neither can there be much doubt that the Indians 
generally hoped a time would come when they should be masters. 
Much, however, was to be done, before a war could be undertaken 
with any prospect of success on their part. The Wampanoags, who 
were to begin it, were almost without firearms, and it would require 
much time to obtain a supply. 

A calm usually precedes a tempest. Peace and apparent quietness 
succeeded the Plymouth Submission, and it was about three years 
before anything occurred to produce apprehensions on the part of the 
English, that the Indians seriously meditated mischief. In the mean 
time many new towns sprang up and were peopled ; roads were laid 
out and made in every direction into the Indian country by the English 
settlers, and new purchases of the Indians were made. Indeed, the 
natives generally were, to all appearances, well disposed, and Philip 
among the rest. He, (by means of a scribe, of course,) wrote letters to 
his white neighbors,* to which he was able to set his signature, which 
was a large P, sold them his landsf and bought their goods. 

* There is a curious letter from Philip preserved among - the records of Dorchester, a copy of which 
was furnished me many years ago by Mr. W. B. Trask. It is as follows : — " Philip Sachem of Mount 
Hope To Capt. Hopestill Foster of Dorchester — Sendeth Greeting : 

" Sir you may please to remember that when I last saw you att Wading Riuer, you promised me 
six pounds in goods ; now my request is that you would send by this Indian five yeards of white or 
light colored serge, to make me a coat, and a good Holland Shirt ready made ; and a pair of good 
Indian Breeches, all which I have present need of. Therefore 1 pray sir fail not to send them by my 
Indian, and with them the several prices of them; and silk and buttons and seven yeards of Gallowne 
for trimming. Not else att present to trouble you with onley the subscription of 

" Mount Hope King Philip 

u the 15th of May, 1G72. His Majesty P : P" 

This letter has since been printed in Mr. Clapp's History of Dorchester. 

t On the 28th of September, 1G72. Philip and his head men " Nuncompahoonet, Umnathum (or 
Nimrod), Cheemaughton and Annawam," for £143, " sell a tract of land to William Brenton, James 
Walker, Win. Harvey, Walter Deane, Richd Williams and John Richmond." This tract included 
Taunton, of which the purchasers were already in possession. 

On the 1st of October of the same year another sale begins thus :— " I Phillip, alias Matacome, 
cheife Sachem of Pakanokit: haue engaged and morgaged four miles square of land southwardly of 
Taunton bounds to Mr. Constant Southworth, Treasurer; and having already given a deed of ihree 
miles in breadth and four in length of the sayd land vnto sum of Taunton," know, &c, " that I 
Philip/' &c., sell unto the said Southworth, "the other m le in breadih and four miles in length, ad- 
joining that" already sold to Taunton men. The consideration was £47. h vtas witnessed by 
Thomas Leonard, Hugh Cole, Nimrod, Akkompoin and Annawon. The acknowledgement is dated 
the same day, and was before Constant Southworth and John Alden, and Naih. Morton's name 
appears as recorder. Southworth assigned the deed to Wm. Brenton, Wm. Harvey, James Walker, 
Richd Williams, Walter Deane, Leif. George Macey and John Richmond, Committee and inhabitants 
of the town of Taunton. To the assignment Nathl. Morion and Benj. Church were witnesses. — 
Original Deed. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 43 

The English, as a general thing, wished the Indians well, and were 
of much service to them; and their immense labors to christianize them 
prove their sincerity to benefit ihem. They endeavored also to prevent 
them from an inordinate use of intoxicating liquors. In 1673, Plym- 
oath made a law that no person should take anything in pawn of an 
Indian for liquor; and various other prohibitory laws bearing upon the 
subject of selling intoxicating liquors to them were passed by the dif- 
ferent General Courts from time to time. 


An Indian murdered by other Indians. — Woosaansamon — Some account of him. — Circumstances 
attending 1 the murder. — Apprehension of the perpetrators. — Apprehension, trial and execution of 
the alleged murderers. — Test to discover a murderer — Rumors of an intended war.— -Waban.— 
Gookin. — Church. — Indian account of the causes of the War. 

During the years 1673 and 1674, the intercourse between the Indians 
and English seems to have been a little less frequent and cordial than in 
the year preceding ; yet the former were not regarded as harboring hostile 
intentions against them until the winter of 1674, or early in the spring 
of 1675. But a murder being perpetrated on the 29th of January, 
1674-5, the investigation of its causes convinced the Government of 
Plymouth, that there was a deep-laid plot on the part of Philip to 
commence hostilities. The murder was of one Indian by others; and 
it was charged to have been perpetrated in revenge; the murdered 
man having revealed the hostile intention of Philip. 

The name of the party murdered was Woosansaman, or as he wrote 
it himself, Wussausmon. As his murder was the immediate cause 
of the war, and as he was conspicuous among the Christian Indians, 
some account of him is necessary in this connection. He was born 
in Dorchester, or perhaps Punkapog, (or Punkapaog.)* since Stough- 
ton, but the time of his birth is unknown. His father and mother 
were converts to Christianity, and died in the faith, probably before 
1675. This son had the christian name of John, and the English 
uniformly called him John Sassa?non. or Sausaman. He had a brother 
Rowland, and a sister Betty. John was educated by the English: 
could read and write very well, and assisted John Eliot in translating 
the Bible into Indian. For a time he was employed as a schoolmaster 
at Natick, and, being a convert to Christianity, was employed also as a 
missionary among his countrymen. At what period these labors com- 
menced, no record has been met with to indicate. However, he was, 
in many respects, assimilated to the habits of the English, having been 
brought up by and among them from his youth ; was their interpreter 
on many occasions ; and had been with them in their war with the 

* So spelled by Grindal Rawson j and he well understood the Indian language. The other is the 
more common way. 

44 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [Jan. 

Peqnots in 1637. But he was restless, as all Indians are apt to be 
when they are out of their natural sphere, and some time previous to 
the death of Alexander he took up his residence in Middleborough. and 
settled on lands belonging to the noted Chief called Watuspaqnin. 
Here it is said he continued his missionary labors, and at the same 
time acted as interpreter and scribe to Alexander, and after the death 
of that Chief, to Philip his successor, as Scribe, Counsellor, &c. At 
one period Sasamon appears to have abandoned his missionary life, 
and to have lived among the unchristianized Indians-* bnt he returned 
from his apostacy, was rebaptized, admitted into an Indian church, 
and was again an '-instructor among them every Lord's day."f 

The Namaskets, over whom Watuspaquin was Chief, favoring 
Christianity, were willing to have a missionary among them, of their 
own blood ; and as an inducement for Sassamon to continue there, 
" Old Watuspaqnin" gave him twenty-seven acres of land in Assawom- 
set Neck, " for a house lot." He also gave fifty-eight and an half acres 
to an Indian named Felix, who had married the daughter of Sassamon. 
Her Indian name was Assowetough. Her baptismal or English name 
was Betty, as before mentioned, and the Neck where she lived was 
called, after her, Betty's Neck, or Squawbetty, which it bears to this 
day. These lots were deeded, and bear date, March the 11th, 1673. J 
Not long before his death, Sassamon gave his land by a kind of will 
to his son-in-law, Felix. He may have done this in anticipation of 
the trouble between the English and Indians which immediately fol- 
lowed. § 

Being in Philip's confidence, Sassamon became privy to all his de- 
signs. He learned that for a considerable period Philip had been busy 
in maturing a plan, which was to be carried into execution at some 
future day; and that plan was to cut off and destroy all the English 
settlements throughout New England. He therefore made up his 
mind to reveal the plot to the English. Agreeably to this resolution 
Sassamon proceeded to Plymouth and communicated his discovery to 
the Governor of that Colony. 

So well had things gone on from the late Submission up to this 
time, between the English and Indians, that at first, Sassamon's reve- 
lation was disbelieved. || 

(To be Continued.) 

* " He did for some time apostatize from his Christian profession, and lived like an Heathen. being- 
Philip's Secretary (for he could write a very legible hand) and one of his Counsellors." — Mather's 
Relation, 74 

t I am aware that this statement differs a little from the " Relation" of Dr. I. Mather, but it is in 
accordance with other facts, which are not noticed by him. 

\ That to Sassamon has merely " Anno 1673 " The other is dated as above in the text. 

§ There were Indians upon that land until within a few years. In 1698, there were at Assawomset 
and Quittacus, "above fourscore persons." These had twelve houses, and the famous John Hia- 
coomes preached to them. There was a still larger settlement at Kehtehticut (now Tilicut) in which 
there were forty-two adults. Charles Ahaz was at that time a preacher and schoolmaster among 
them. There were but eight Indian families at Hetty's Neck in 1794. At Titicut John Symons 
was a noted preacher for many years previous to and after 1747. Nehemiah Abel, Thomas Sekins, 
and Thomas Felix (probably son of him who married Betty Sassamon) preceded Symons. Indians 
of the name of Symons were living there some thirty-five years since, and perhaps at this time. 

|| '« Hts information (because it had an Indian original, and one can hardly believe them when they 
speak truth) was not at first much regarded." — Mather's Relation, 74. 

1861.] Journal of Rev. Man asseh Cutler, 45 


[Communicated by S. P. Hildreth, M. D., Marietta, Ohio.] 
[Continued from p. 366, Vol. xiv.] 

Saturday, Aug 30. — Went over the river this morning, and viewed the 
bottoms on the west side — very fine — saw one of my lots — grapes plenty — 
saw many fine fish — a most beautiful river — came down in the boat, much 

Sunday, Aug. 31. — Morning cloudy and misty ; preached — the Gov- 
ernor was present ; dined with Col. Battelle — drank tea with Major 

Monday, Sept. 1. — Morning foggy ; Busy at the tent — the Governor 
and Genl. Harmer over in the afternoon — invited to dine with the Gover- 
nor to-morrow. 

Tuesday, Sept. 2. — The Court of Common Pleas opened this morning 
at "Campus Martius," in the Hall; Procession from "the point" — 
opened with prayer — Governor and Supreme Judges present — the Judges 
of Com. Pleas and myself dined with the Governor at Fort Harmer — 
very genteel dinner — fine fruit — Mrs. Harmer a fine woman — beautiful 
garden — returned before night. 

Monday, Sept. 3. — This morning Genl. Putnam and myself went over 
to the garrison — Doct. Scott took a tour with us up to the Indian camps — 
not a great number, many being gone out a hunting — very friendly — 
went from thence up the high hill, N. VV. of the Fort, and west of the 
city — fine prospect and some excellent land. Here are excellent rocks 
for building. It is proposed that the university should be upon this hill. 
We found a number of Indian graves on the highest summit, consisting 
of heaps of stones — returned by way of the bottom back of the P'ort — 
very fine — viewed the gardens — called on Capt. McCurdy — returned to 

Thursday, Sept. 4. — Went out this morning to view the land up the 
Ohio, the School Lot, & •. — killed pidgeons — about fourteen of us in com- 
pany — returned in the P. M. — drank tea at Col. Battelles — there was a 
tremendous thunder storm in the latter part of the night — lightning inces- 
sant and rained very hard. 

Friday, Sept. 5. — Very warm this morning — cloudy — showers — went 
out over the city lots — many natives to dine in the large marquee of 
Genl. Putnam. 

Saturday, Sept. 6 — Went up early this morning to Campus Martius. 
The Directors ordered yesterday, that this day the surveyors be instructed 
to measure the ancient works. That the Governor be requested to attend, 
and that a number of the oldest trees be cut down, in order to count the 
rings of growth. After dinner, the Governor came over with Col. Vigo, 
from St. Vincennes — Capt. Prather and others attended — we examined 
the " elevated squares, 1 ' " Sacra via" — measured the great mound, ditch, 
&c. — observed the old trees and stumps, as well as those cut down. En- 
gaged a passage with Col. Vigo,* up the Ohio. 

* At the time of the conquest of Kaskasia and the Illinois country, by Genl. George 
Rogers Clark, Francis Vigo was a merchant or Indian trader, living at St. Louis. He 
was by birth a Spaniard, and St. Louis, at that time, July, 1778, in possession of 
Spain, which country was at peace with England as well as with the U. States. As 

46 Journal of Rev. Manasseh Cutler. [Jan. 

Sunday, Sept. 7. — Pleasant day — preached in the Hall — had a full meet- 
ing — many of the people on the Virginia shore were over, and most of the 
gentlemen from the garrison. Dined at the Fort, with Capt. McCurdy and 
Dr. Scott, on venison steak and squirrel pie. Col. Sprot dined with us. 
The Col. and I returned in the evening — there was a very severe shower 
in the night. 

Monday, Sept. 8. — Expected to go up the river this morning, but Col. 
Vigo could not get ready — completed maps, &c. — several severe showers, 
and slept at night on a wet bed. 

Tuesday, Sept. 9. — Fine morning and day — took my leave of the set- 
ters at nine o'clock — Col. Vigo called for me at " the Point." He has a 
fine large boat, with keel and rudder and ten oars — cabin and awning — 
good accommodations — two of his men are sick. Soon after we left the 
point, saw the soldiers and a large number of Indians, expected from Fort 
Pitt, coming down on the other side of " Carr's Island " — we crossed the 
river and met them. Capt. Zeigler commanded the company of new 
levies of fifty-five men — there were about forty Indians, in canoes, lashed 
together. The soldiers were paraded in a very large boat, standing on a 
platform, and were properly paraded with the American flag in the stern. 
Just as we got up with them, they began to fire plattoons — after they had 
fired, the Indians fired from their canoes, rather confusedly. Indians had 
two small flags with thirteen stripes. They were answered from the gar- 
rison who fired their field-pieces — flag hoisted. As Col Vigo had busi- 
ness to do with Capt. Oharra, we landed on Carr's Island, when Col. 
Vigo, Capt. Prather and myself, went back with him to the garrison. I 
waited on the Governor, dined with Capt. McCurdy. He presented me a 
pair of moccasins. The Indian chief Corn Planter was the principal 
character amongst the Indians — they were of the six nations. This infor- 
mation was from Mr. Jos. Nicholson, the interpreter. At 3 o'clock, we 
left the garrison and returned to our boat — went up the south side of 
Carr's Island — passed the mouth of Little Muskingum, and encamped 
for the night — made a fire on the shore, had a good dish of tea, and a 
French fricasse. The people slept on shore — Col. Vigo, Mons. Peter Hu- 
bert, Mr. Peter Monard, Mr. Basil Prather, brother to the Mr. Prather 
where I lodged at Buffalo — and myself slept on the quarter-deck very 
well — fine day and evening — four miles from Marietta. 

Wednesday, Sept. 10. — As soon as daylight appeared we were in mo- 
tion — about eight o'clock we halted a few minutes to breakfast — eat cold 

soon as Col. Vigo heard of the capture of Kaskaskias, he visited that place, and unsolicited 
made a tender of his services and means to Genl. Clark, not only in keeping possession of 
the country, but also to aid in the capture of the British post at St. Vincennes. For 
this purpose he made a visit to that place, accompanied only by a single servant. Be- 
fore reaching there he was taken prisoner by a party of Indians, plundered, and carried 
before Gov. Hamilton, the commander of " the Post." He was detained for a close 
prisoner for some time, but finally set at liberty at the urgent request and remonstrance 
of the French inhabitants of the place, who were well acquainted with him. The in- 
formation he took back of the strength, position, &c. of the garrison enabled Genl. 
Clark to succeed so wonderfully as he did in its capture. The Hon. John Law, in his 
address before the Historical and Antiquarian Society of Vincennes, in February, 
1839, just sixty years after the conquest in 1779, says, " that its conquest and conse- 
quent attachment to the Union was as much owing to the council and services of 
Vigo, as to the bravery and enterprise of Clark. Francis Vigo was born in the year 
1747, and at the time of Dr. Cutler's interview with him, was forty-one years old. He 
was a man whose name ought to be better known to the American people, and espe- 
cially to those of the Western States. s. p. n. 

1861.] Journal of Rev. Manas s eh C idler. 47 

pork, cabbage, and pickles. Mr. Prather and myself took several walks 
on the shore — killed a raccoon, and caught a great number of squirrels 
swimming the river — saw some pidgeons, but killed none. We halted at 
the upper end of the island, below " Middle Island," to dine — cooked a 
dinner of pork and squirrels, with a fine dish of coffee. Found a plenty 
of grapes, small, but good — the vines are low and grow amongst the 
pebbles — went onto the island and collected wild hops, honey locust pods, 
&c. Examined several plants — went on — passed " Middle Island," and 
encamped on the Virginia shore — very foggy — spoke a boat in the night, 
from Wheeling to Muskingum — saw fresh Indian signs on the island. 

Tuesday, Sept. 11. — Went on shore alone, after pidgeons — met a bear 
and her cub in the path — fired at her with a small charge of pidgeon- 
shot — they made off — the dog pursued them and before I could get prop- 
erly charged again, were gone — came on board at the bottom of " long 
reach" — after dinner Mr. Prather, with the negro Eneas, went on shore 
with their guns. Just before we encamped for the night, they found an 
Indian camp, that had been left about one or two days — deer and turkey 
bones plenty. Eneas, who is an Indian negro and well acquainted with 
their ways, says there were ten of them, and that they had gone up the 
river. This gave us an alarm, as we had not got so far up u the reach " 
as not to apprehend danger, if there were any. We were consulting 
about anchoring off in the river, when we saw a canoe coming down the 
river — we hailed it — a Mr. Williams and his negro, from Grave Creek, 
were on board, who told us that he saw, about two miles above, five In- 
dians on the shore, who were running very fast towards Fishing ('reek, 
where he supposed they had a canoe and intended to pursue him. We 
had heard at Muskingum several accounts of Indians seen at this place — 
Williams was extremely frightened, and trembled to such a degree as 
scarcely to be able to tell his story. This determined us to anchor off in 
the river, after we had cooked our supper. Williams did not dare to go 
on, although we assured him there could be no danger, but came on 
board us and tarried the night — we kept a watch but saw nothing. This 
spot we found in the morning to be about the middle of " long reach" — 
some rain in the night. 

Friday, Sept. 12. — As soon as it was daybreak weighed anchor and 
went up on the Indian side — Williams saw the Indians on the Vir- 
ginia shore — as we were passing the upper island in " the reach," we 
saw in the narrows, about two miles above us, a canoe coming down — 
as soon as she discovered us she seemed to put away for a point on the 
opposite shore and was soon out of sight. It seemed to be full of men 
who appeared like Indians — in a few minutes we saw the canoe paddling 
up very close to the shore, shoot above the point we were approaching 
and must pass — she had not been gone long, before she fell down on the 
opposite shore so far as just to see us, and then put away up again as fast 
as possible. These movements were to us demonstrations of their being 
Indians. Williams told us there were eighteen seen there a few days 
before, and part were stationed on each side — we sent out Eneas to 
reconnoitre, and went to preparing ourselves for action. He soon re- 
turned and told us they were crossing to the side we were on, and he was 
positive they were Indians — we presumed their intention was to attack us, 
and to lay in ambush close to the river, as they knew we must pass near 
the shore, on account of the current. It was determined to fight them — 
Col. Vigo was all on fire to fight — we had fifteen men but only fourteen 

48 Journal of Rev. Manasseh Cutler. [Jan. 

guns. It was agreed as soon as they fired to land and push upon them. 
1 prevailed at length to throw out a flank guard to keep along just ahead 
of the boat, who could discover their ambush, and perhaps be able to give 
us notice before they fired upon us, which might save some of our men. 
Mr. Prather and Eneas were desired to go — Col. Vigo insisted on going 
with them. They went on shore, and we prepared to return the fire in- 
stantly, which we now expected every minute, as the willows were very 
thick and we at the place where they probably landed. As we passed 
along we saw frequent fresh moccasin tracks that appeared to have been 
just made — after rowing about one hour, every man with his accoutre- 
ments on, and gun in his hand, expecting a shot every moment, we came 
up with Fishing Creek, which was on the opposite side of the river, 
which is quite wide here. Col. Vigo and party returned, and told us the 
canoe, had landed up the creek, and they saw men on the shore go up to 
an old plantation and one Indian remained in the canoe. On looking at- 
tentively we could see the Indians from the boat, and presently saw two 
or three men on the shore. Col. Vigo declared he would go over and 
fight them — I did not like it very well, but he was determined. Before 
we had crossed the river, the men appeared in full view — I soon knew 
them to be hunters that had been at the Muskingum — we hailed them and 
found them to be the same people. We went to them and learned they 
had .been chasing a deer and a bear in the river which occasioned their 
manoeuvres. The bear they had killed and gave us what we wanted of it. 
Here we dined — Mr. Prather went to a plantation, two miles above, where 
a man and four children had been killed four years ago, and got some 
fine peaches — we came on eight or nine miles and encamped on the In- 
dian shore. The hunters came on and encamped with us — our fears of 
Indians were now vanished — a fine moonlight evening — foggy towards 
morning — caught a cat-fish. 

Saturday, Sept. 13. — Underway as soon as it was light. Breakfast on 
cold meat ; stop between eleven and twelve and cook our dinner, always 
fresh meat and a strong cup of coffee ; sup on cold meat and tea. Col. 
Vigo is finely accommodated with utensils — silver handled knives and 
forks, a proper travelling trunk for these articles and spirits. Our hunters 
came on with us — as we came up to " Round bottom," we were over- 
taken by a pereager from Limestone ; thirteen men on board — ten paddles — 
kept with us for some ways — another canoe pushed off from the shore 
with four men, went up to Grave creek where we encamped — " Round 
bottom " is just below the creek, and owned by Genl. Washington — we 
went up to the houses and got corn, milk, &c. 

Sunday, Sept. 14. — Under way very early — six miles to McMahon's, 
where we breakfasted — went on to Wheeling, where we arrived at half- 
past one — crossed over to the island — dined ; went on four miles and en- 
camped at the bank below a small cabin, where we got milk, &c. — pleas- 
ant night. 

Monday, Sept. 15. — Fine morning — under way very early — stopped 
and breakfasted at a little clump of houses,* on the Indian side were 
u tomahawk settlements " — here the wind breezed up fresh at S. W., 
hoisted the small sail and went on at a great rate against the stream. 

* This settlement was called "Tilton's Station," and was also " Tilton's ferry." 
Three miles above was " Carpenter's Station " — they were the earliest possessions 
made on the Indian side of the Ohio river, and intended chiefly as retreats for the 
accommodation of the "rangers " or spies, in case of pursuit by the enemy. 

1861.] Journal of Rev. Manassch Cutler. 49 

Preparing to go on shore — Col. Vigo gave me a curious Indian belt and 
a Buffalo skin dressed with the hair on. Landed at u Coxes Fort " at 
12 — dined at Mr. Prather's, where I took leave of my fellow travellers — 
Mr. Prather lent me a horse to go to Mr. Wells, where I found my horse 
in good condition — paid Mr. Prather one dollar for keeping my horse, and 
nine shillings, Pennsylvania currency, for three bushels of oats ; paid 
Mr. Prather 35. lawful money — whiskey, at Coxe's fort, is 4s. a gallon — 
lodged at Esq. Wells'. 

Tuesday, Sept. 16. — Morning rainy — went on to Alex'r Wells' and 
took breakfast, Is. at a tavern in the woods, 9d. lawful (is now 12J cts.) — 
lodged at a wretched tavern, one mile this side of Washington, Pa., this 
seventeen miles from Alex'r Wells', and four from Charles Wells', and 
seven from " Coxe's Fort," mouth of Buffalo creek. 

Wednesday, Sept. 17. — Made my first stage at Parkerson's, eleven 
miles, breakfast, Is. 6d. P. M. next to Devore's ferry, at Monongahela, 
eight miles — oats and ferriage 10 pence — went on to Simrel's, at You- 
hiogany river — drank tea with Bartlett — met Col. Putnam from Pom- 
fret, Ct. — lodged at Simrel's. 

Thursday, Sept. 18. — Bill 18ri. Penn — went on to Mr. Mitchell's, four 
miles, where my son Jarvis boards, and keeps school in the neighbor- 
hood — Andrew Story lives in the same house — D. Brown lives near — 
Samuel dishing went with me — made arrangements for their going down 
the river — Paid dishing twenty dollars — Gave Jarvis thirty dollars to 
buy cows, &c. — Dr. Story & brothers board here, but were gone to 

Friday, Sept. 19. — Mrs. Porter went with me to Hannastown, to see 
her daughter Sawyer — spent some time at Sawyer's, and took my leave — 
set out on my journey home — This is a small town of miserable log huts, 
two miles from Porters. Here I came into the Pittsburgh road — went on 
to Beers', a dutch tavern at nine mile run, eleven miles from Hannas- 
town, a very good house, and dined, 2s. bd. — this is at the foot of 
" Chestnut ridge " — the hill is high, but not a very bad road, nor very 
fatiguing to ascend or descend — about eight miles over — went on to Lig- 
onier, nine miles from Beers' — Put up at Bridges — a good looking but 
ill-natured landlady — Just before I came to the house passed a pretty 
large stream called " Ro\al Hanna" — Here was "Fort Ligonier" — a 
part of the old and part of the new yet remain. 

H •» »*■»- ► 


Four youths that went over from this Town, in a small Boat, to Dor- 
chester Neck, to see the Diversions there in the Evening after the 5th 
Instant, having not been heard of for some Time after, People had var- 
ous Conjectures concerning them ; but it was most generally tho't they 
were drowned in their return Home ; and accordingly it now appears that 
thev were, the Bodies of Two of them having been found, one on Mon- 
day and the other on Tuesday last. The Name of one was John Dar* 
ling, an Apprentice belonging to Mr. Salt the Cooper, and Son of Mrs. 
Darling a Widow in Charlestown ; the others Name was John Ilemmen- 
way of this Town, an Apprentice to Mr. Joseph Hill, Rope-maker: The 
Bodies of the other Two are not yet found. — Boston News Letter, Nov. 
14 to Nov. 20, 1735. 

50 Daniel Warner. — William Earle. [Jan. 


I Copied by the late A. Hammatt of Ipswich.] 

Daniel Warner, who died in January, 1754, aged 82, wrote on the 
blank leaves of an account book sundry ilems of local history and family 
genealogy. From his Account of the Warner Family I extract the fol- 
lowing: — 

" My mother's maiden name was Sarah Dane.* Her mother's Elener 
Clark.t My father and mother married in September, 1668. My father 
had five children which lived to marry, to wit ; Daniel, which had eight 
children w ch grew up; Sarah had eight; philemon which had 10; John 
which had one son named John, and eight daughters; Mercy which had 
6 children. My father Deceased y e 24 of November 1696. My mother 
Sarah Warner Decern : 28 : 1701." 

On another page is this record : — 

" the posterity of m r Dane formerly of jpswich in Newengland. 

My Great Grandfather Dane had 2 sons, John and francis ; and one 
Daughter which married to m r james How. 

His son francis settled y e fir^tj minister in Andover. 

My Grandfather John dane Had 2 sons, John and philemon ; and 4 
Daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, Rebeca and Sarah. 

my uncle John Dane Had 3 sons, John, Daniell and Nath 11 ; and 3 
Daughters, Abigal, Rebeca and Elizabeth. 

my uncle philemon Dane Had 2 sons, philemon and Edward ; and 2 
Daughters, Mary and Ruth. 

my ante foster Had 3 sons jsaac, John and Nathaniel ; and 6 Daughters, 
Elizabeth, Judith, Mary, Sarah, Neomy and Elenor. 

my ant Chandler, 3 sons, William, philemon and thomas ; and 2 
Daughters, Mary and Hannah. 

my ant Hovey one son named Daniel." 


[By Hezekiah Earle.] 

William lies or Earl was married in Boxford, Mass., Nov. 10, 1719, to 
Elizabeth Curtis of Middleton. Had, Elizabeth, b. 1720; William, b. 
1722 ; John, b. 1723 ; Jacob, b. 1725; and Mary, b. 1728. 

Elizabeth m. Benjamin Curtis of Middletown, 1744 ; William m. 
Martha Booth of Middleton, at the same time. 

No trace has been found of John, Jacob and Mary. 

It is a tradition in the family that John entered into the army. He was 
never heard from afterwards — probably killed in some Indian Wa"r.(?) 

The information now wanted is, that if William the first came from 
England and changed his name from Earl to lies to escape impressment 
into the British navy, according to tradition in the family, where did 
he land, and how can we prove if he did come over and was not born 
here ? 

* A Pedigree of the Dane Family will be found in the Register, vol. viii, p. 148. 
t The last name is indistinct ; but I can make nothing else of it. H. 
| An error; Rev. John Woodbridge was the first, and Rev. Frances Dane the 
second minister. 

1861.] Materials for the History of Braintree. 51 


From the Muster Rolls of the " Old French War" a part of the Massa- 
chusetts Archives. 

[Communicated by Rev. John A. Vinton, South Boston.] 

Peter Thayer was Captain, John White, Lieut., Joseph Hayward, 
Ensign, Moses Bracket and Seth Turner, Sergts., and Richard Faxon, 
Jr., Corporal, Richard Thayer, Jun., Elijah Thayer (son of Jo. Thayer,) 
Samuel French (son of Benj. French,) Adam French, John Hollis, 
Ephraim Hunt, Junr., Joshua French, Nehemiah French, and many 
others, all of Braintree, privates, in a company belonging to the Regiment 
of Col. Benjamin Lincoln, that marched on the alarm for the relief of 
Fort Wm. Henry, in Aug. 1757. They marched only to Roxbury and 

William Niles, Amos Stetson, Richard Thayer, Jesse Thayer, Elijah 
Thayer, Seth French, Elijah French, William Hayden, Clement Hayden, 
Joseph Niles, John Niles, Jr., were privates, and Seth Turner was 2d 
Lieut, (all of Braintree, with many others from the same town) in Capt. 
Edward Ward's Company of Foot, in Col. Joseph Williams' Regt. from 
April or May till Autumn, 1758. 

The following persons, belonging to Braintree, enlisted in the Regi- 
ment commanded by Col. Benjamin Lincoln, to be under command of 
Gen. Jeffrey Amherst, for the invasion of Canada. Most of them had 
been in service before. Their previous military or naval service is noted 
immediately after their respective ages.* 

Jonathan Green, aged 26, at Lake George, 1758, enlisted March 29, 1759. 

Benjamin Baxter, 

William Wilson, 

Samuel Crosbee, 

Samuel Hayward, 

Joseph Bracket, 

Isaac Terril, 

Thomas Belcher, 

son of Nathl. Belcher. 
Jonathan Tant. 
Thomas Cleverly, 
Gregory Bass, 
Joseph Ruggles Paine, 
David Hayden, 

son of John Hayden. 
Josiah Sanders, 

son of John Sanders. 
Joseph Mernam, 

apprentice to Joseph Field. 
Ebenezer Bass, 17, - " " 23, " 

Nathl. Belcher, an officer. 
Thomas French, officer. 

David French, 42, ...» April 4, " 

Winter Basson, 26, Fontnnac. 1758, " " 2, «' 

* " In the ship," means that they had served on hoard the armed ship King George, 
Benjamin Hallowell, Junr. Commander, equipped and maintained by the Province, tc 
guard the coasts. 





" 23, 



at Chicnucto, 



" 24, 






April 4, 



in the ship, 



March 30, 



agt Canada, 



" 23, 






" 24, 






" 29, 



Lake George, 



" 27, 



in the ship, 



April 4, 



agt Canada, 



March 23, 



in the ship, 



" 23, 



agt Can.ida, 






in the ship, 



March 23, 






" 29, 



Materials for the History of Brain tree. 


William Hobart, 


Lake George, 






Clement Hayden, 









son of Clement Hayden 

Abel Thayer, 

' 18, 








apprentice toThos. French. 

James More, 









Christopher Thayer, Jr., 








son of Christopher Thayer. 

Benjamin Hunt, Jr., 









apprentice to Benj. Allen. 

David Horton, 






March 31, 


Zaccheus Thayer, 









son of Thos. Thayer. 

Clement Crane, 49 or 19, 

(altered )Lake George,1755, " 




Jesse Thayer, 









John Niles, 









son of John Niles. 

Stephen Paine, 









John Hollis, 









apprentice to J oseph Porter. 

Jona. Niles, 









Nathl. Belcher, Junr., 









John Bagley, 









William Curtis, 









Isaac Smith, 









son of John Smith. 

Melatiah Stephen, 









apprentice to Jona. Wales. 

Simon Thayer, 









Noah Thayer, 









Thos. Fenton, Junr., 









son of Thomas Fenton. 

John Tower, 








John Noyce, 









Nehem h Blancher, 


Lake George, 






Joseph Lovell, 









Adam French, 









son of Benja. French. 
Isaac Hayden, 17, " " 6, " 

son of Daniel Hayden. 

The following is immediately added : — 
To the Hon ble Will m Brattle, Esq r . Adjutant Gen 1 . &c. 
Hingham, April 11, 1758. Pursuant to my Warrant from the Captain 
Gen 1 , to Inlist or Impress 132 men out of the Third Regiment in the 
County of Suffolk, I here return the names of 129 men Inlisted, Rec d 
their Bounty, and have had read to them 2 d and 6 th Sexsion of the articals 
of war, and taken the oath of fidility. I have a Recipt from Cap" Jotham 
Gay of 128 men deliver'd him or his order. I have returned Two men 
only Imprest. So that their is but one man wanting w c the Cap n is ordered 
Immediately to Impress for the service. 

I am y r Hon" Humble S l . 

Benj. Lincoln. 

" On Monday evening last (Dec. 31,) was married hen-, Mr. Samuel 
Alleyne Otis, son of Hon. James Otis of Barnstable, to Miss Elizabeth 
Gray, only daughter of the Hon. Harrison Gray, Treasurer of the 
Province." — Boston Evening Post, Jany. 5, 1765. 


Walker Family Memoranda. 



Mr. Drake, — I forward this for insertion in the Genealogical Register, rescued from 
the fragmentary records of Plainfield. Yours, &c, Abner Morse. 

August 18, 1860. 

Plainfield, Connecticut, was granted to Gov. John Winthrop of New 
London, about 1655, settled from Massachusetts, and incorporated 1699 ; 
and contained, Dec. 24, 1702, the following freeholders, residing on the 
East side of Quinebaug River : — 

James Dean, 
Tho Williams, 
Wm Johnson,* 
Wm Marsh, 
John Fellows, 
Benj Clark,* 
Edward Yeomans, 
John Spalding, 
James VVeltch,* 
Philip Bump,* 
Joseph Spalden, 
Mathias Button, 

Tho Pearce, 
Edward Spalden, 
Tho Steevens, sen r , 
Jacob Warren, 
Stephen Hall, 
Joshua Whitney, 
Tho Steevens, jun r , 
John Smith, 
Benj Spalden, 
Wm Douglas, 
Benj Palmar, 

Residing on the west side 

Quinebaug River — 
James Fitch, Esq.,* 
Samuel Cleaveland,* 
Obediah Johnson,* 
Robert Green,* 
Josiah Cleaveland,* 
Elisha Paine,* 
Richard Adams,* 
Tho Brooks,* 
Benj Rood,* 
Isaac Cleaveland.* 

Nathanell Jewell, 

October 10, 1706, the General Court of Connecticut, in answer to a 
petition, gave a more ample confirmation to 19 of the above proprietors, 
and to the following new proprietors, viz. : — 

Wait Winthrop, Esq., Isaac Wheeler, 

Joseph Coit, Ephraim Wheeler, 

John Gallup, sen r , Peter Creery, scn r , 

John Gallup, jr., Peter Creery, jr., 

Benadam Gallup, Stephen Hall, 

Wm Gallup, Eben r Harris, 

John Yeomans, 
James Kingsbury, 
Timothy Perce, 
Samuel Shepard, 
Joseph Parkhurst, 
Lemuel Howe. 



[Joshua Green, M. D. of Groton, Mass. has in his possession a Testament, "print- 
ed by Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel, printers to the Universitie of Cambridge," 
which contains the following memoranda in MS.: — ] 

Londo. E'z. Walker, was Born 13 July, and bap ised 14, bv m r Richard 

Kentish. 1673. 
Londo. Jane Walker, was Baptised 8 th May, by m r Kentish, 1676. 
London. Benj a Walker was Born Decemb. 28, and baptised 10th Jan. 

Boston Benj a Walker 2 d was born 24 th Jan. and baptised by m r Willard 
New- 27 feb. 1679-80. In y e year 1690, I had ye small pox and 
England, recouered, and now am aliue In Boston, and Thank God for his 

mercy and goodnes to me. 1753 May 4, New Stile. 
Boston Elz. Walker was born 29 th Apr. and baptised by m r Willard, 
N. E. 30 th Ap. 1682 : my sister, in year In Boston, June y e [ ] 1752, 

was taken w th Sm 1 Pox, had full and got well under it in 52, 

yeare, and now is pretty well y l : 5 May, New Stile, 1753, 

though lame in her feet. 

* Not named in the act of 1706. 

54 Joseph Frye. — /. Handfield. [Jan. 

Boston Jn° Walker, was born 18 th March, baptised 22 th by m r Willard, 
N. E. 1684. Jany. 1690. John, had sm 1 pox and got well, and is 

now well, May 5, 1753, new stile. 
Boston Ebenezer Walker, was born 23 th May 1687, baptised by m r 
N. E. Willard, 29'h May 87. 
1752. Our seruant woman, Mary, had y e sm 1 pox full, not Inoculated. 

It came out on her In y<-' | ] of God's prouidence and she 

1752. May 29. Georg. Came out pretty full, sm 1 pox. In y e way of 

Gods prouidence, did well. Edward Elis, our docter, for all 3 

of y m aboue. 


[Communicated by Miss Marcia A. Thomas.] 

Castle Island, July 14th, 1754. 

The Raising, Receiveing, paying, & Equiping the three hundred men 
which Your Hon 1 ' left me to do was attended with Considerable Difficul- 
ties even So much that had not M r John Indicott been so Generous as to 
Assist me I know not how I Could have got thro' it thereby I am brought 
under Obligations to him. In token of my Sense of which (as we had a 
number of prest men which with Some fragments that might be Collected 
among the Volunteers y l might make two Companies) I proposed a Reco- 
mendation of him to your hon r for the Command of one of them which 
(after Some Consideration) he answered if Genl. Winslow would bestow 
it upon him, and it was agreeable to the Other Field officers he Should 
Verry thankfully Accept it. Therefore I must Intreat Your Favour in 
that Respect which will allways be acknowledged as Such done to 

Your Hon rs most Obed 1 Serv 1 . Joseph Frye. 

PS my Sinceare Regards to Col° Preble and Maj r Whitworth J F 

I Should have Observed m r Indicott is Coming with me but none 
knows his business and he desires it may not be known if he may not 
have y e Comiss" — but I hope y 1 wont be the Case. 

S r I Should also be glad a Lieutenancy might be reserved. J F 

Annapolis Royal., Sept. 23rd, 1755. 

I have receiv'd Your favour by L* Peabody dated 19 th Inst : As you 
have therein acquainted me that you have but few men with you and 
thinking it will be time enough for me to begin to embark the people of 
this River when you have finish'd the business at Mines, I have therefore 
orderd the Party to return to you immediately, and am to desire that so 
soon as you can spare the men, you will send me a larger Reinforce- 
ment, till the arrival of which I shall not begin the Embarkation here. 

I heartily join with you in wishing that we were both of us got over 
this most disagreeable and troublesome part of the Service and am 

Your most Obe 1 humble Servant 

I. Handfield. 
Col. John Winslow. 

1861.] Gleanings. 55 


[By W. H. W.] 


In reading the "Second Edition much Corrected," of a "Geo- 
graphical Dictionary," published in London in 1676, I made the follow- 
ing discoveries. The map which accompanied it was tolerably correct, 
as to the Eastern hemisphere, but the Western is a curiosity. Greenland 
is fairly given ; then from 60° to 50° of latitude comes Nova Francia, 
thence to 40" Norombega, bounded north by a river. Nothing is named 
south, though the outline of the coast is in the right direction. Hispan 
Nova takes the place of Mexico. California stretches to the westward, 
and terminates in Nova Albion. 

The names of places in America are : 
Accadie, a peninsula in New France. 
Anian, a streight between America and Asia, takes its name from a 

Country of New Mexico. 
California, an Island near to New Mexico. 

Canada or New France, a large country in the northern part of America. 
Cap Verde, an Island upon the West of America. 
Florida, a Countrey in America. 
Hyrons, a people of Canada. 
Hudson, a streight in a sea in the North of America, otherwise called 

Iroquois, a people of Canada. 

Quebec, a Town upon the Great River in the Country of Canada. 
St. Lawrence, a River and Gulf in Canada. 
New England, a country in Canada. 
Tadousac, a town in New France upon the Great River. 
Virginia, a country of vast extent in America. 


The Surtees Society has recently issued a volume containing William 
Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, taken in 1665-6, and which was the 
last ever made in that county. I find a few items of interest — Thus, at 
p. 8, Thomas Bradley, of Ackworth, is recorded as " a merchant of Vir- 
ginia, aged 32, Aug. 7, 1665, recorded ;" p. 82, Ruth, daughter of Leon- 
ard Bushell, of Whitby, wife of William Boyse in Virginia ;" p. 233, Rob- 
ert Batte, of Okewell, had two sons Henry and William, " who settled in 
Virginia," and his eldest son, John, had also two sons Thomas and Henry, 
"now, (1666,) in Virginia;" p. 87, " Robert Hunter, of Thornton, m. 
Anne, dau. of Thomas Boys, of Edston, co. York, "connected no doubt 
with the Boys family mentioned in the Lane Papers in our volume for 
1857. We may find something of value also in the following pedigree, 
from p. 48. " Foxcraft of Weetwood. Arms, az. a chevron or, be- 
tween three fox's heads erased proper. The proofe of the coate respited, 
but nothing done." Daniel Foxcroft of Weetwood, in the parish of 
Leeds, co. York, m. Grace Platts, and had Samuel, who m. Mary Hurst, 
and had Daniel, who d. about 1640. This Daniel m. Abigail Biron, and 
had (besides Samuel, who d. unrn. and Susan), Daniel of Weetwood, 
aged 34, when the record was taken 12 Aug. 1665, who m. Martha, dau. 

56 Gleanings, [Jan. 

of Francis Layton of Ravvdon, co. York, and who had at that date, Sam- 
uel, aged 11, Daniel, Francis, Robert, James, Jane, and Martha. 

This Francis was no doubt the settler here, (see Savage,) as his age 
corresponds, and as his son Francis, jr. names a son Layton, thus preserv- 
ing a record of his grandmother's family. At least this pedigree rests 
upon as good authority as can reasonably be expected in such matters. 

We are also able to add a little to a pedigree given in our 10th vol. 
pp. 357-8. William Jessop, (supposed then to be the brother of the 
Puritan, Francis J,) was b. 1562, son of Richard and Anne (Swift) 
Jessop of Bromehall. He had issue George, of BrantclifTe, and Wortley, 
who m. a D'Oyle, and had a dau. Anne, who m. — Wade, and William. 
The latter married Jane South, and by her had Anne ; William d. unm., 
and Francis, who was aged 27 in 1665, had then m. Barbara Eyre, and 
had issue William. 


In making collections for the descendants of John Ayres or Ayer of 
Haverhill, I have found several families of the name not connected prob- 
ably with him, and I wish to publish these now, to avoid confusion of dis- 
tinct families. 

[1.] Moses Ayres, of Dorchester, m. Bethiah Millet, Aug. 3, 1666, 
and had Moses, b. 10 Sept. 1667 ; his wife d. 15 Apr. 1669. " This was 
probably the one mentioned on the town records — " 1680, Sept. 24, a 
contribution was taken up for Moses Ayres, being a captive." 1693-9, 
Moses Ayres and wife Elizabeth, of Dorchester, sign various deeds re- 
corded at Boston, and this 1 presume to be the son. May 11, 1704, Moses 
Ayres. " late of Dorchester, now of Boston," signs a deed, and 1 pre- 
sume his wife was then dead. In 1718, Moses Ayres (and wife Eliza- 
beth) " only son of Moses Ayres of Boston," and Elizabeth (wife of 
David Franklin, mariner) " only daughter of said Moses," join to sell 
land at Dorchester. This Elizabeth had m. June 18, 1713, David 
Franklin, who is styled in notice of marriage, u of Hull." 

Moses (3rd) m. Sept. 4, 1718, Elizabeth Souther, and had at Boston, 
Moses, b. 12 July, 1723 ; William, b. 7 Feb. 1724-5 ; John,b. 20 Nov. 
1726 ; and Solomon, 6 Feb 1727-8. I suppose his son Moses, m. as in 
1760, Mary, widow of Moses Ayres, housewright, was made guardian of 
her ch. Moses and Anne, u aged 14 yrs and over. 

[2.] Nathaniel Ayres joined the 2d Church in Boston, 1684-5 : Dec. 
13, 1708, Nathaniel Ayres and wife Amy deed lands to cancel bonds 
given — Goodwin and to Hannah JafFrey, of Portsmouth, widow. Nov. 
28, 1711, he mortgaged lands to his s. in law Samuel Swasey, who had 
m. his dau. Amy, Jan. 16, 1710-11 ; Feb. 28, 1738-9, Nathaniel Ayres, 
adm. on estate of his father, Nath'l A., blacksmith, " widow, old and in- 
firm." Land mortgaged to Sam. Swasey — debt due Elnathan Ayres. 

I presume that this was the Nathaniel Ayres buried at Copps Hill, 
" who d. Dec. 4, 1731, aged 67 yrs. 6 mo.," according to Bridgman's 
Epitaphs, as he may have mistaken 1731 for 1737, which was probably the 
time our Nathaniel died. Nathaniel jr., m. Nov. 5, Elizabeth Kitts, and 
had John bapt. 12 Mch, 1725-6 ; Joseph, b. 24 Jan. 1726-7 ; Margaret, 
b. 31 Aug. 1729 ; and Nathaniel, b. Aug. 31, 1734. 

He was, perhaps, the Nathaniel Ares, of Needham, who m. Anne, 
widow of — Tolman there, and had sons John and Aaron by ner, who in 
1742-3, were to receive their portion of their mother's property, from 

1861.] Gleanings. 57 

their half-brother Nathaniel Tolman, whose own brothers and sisters were 
Ebenezer, Thomas, Jemima, and Mary, Tolman. 

[3.] Elnathan Ayres of Boston, (mentioned in Nathl Sr's will,) was 
probablv a relative. He m. July 4, 1720, Mary Jones, and had Nathan- 
iel, b. b Jan. 1722-3. Ammi (Amy?) b. 29 Feb. 1727-8. 

[4.] Edward Ayres was of Boston at the same time ; m. Rebecca 
Marshall, 26 Apr. 1716, and had Mary, b. 16 Feb. 1716-7; Edward, 14 
Jan. 1720-1 ; and by second wife, Hannah Eveleth, whom he m. 5 Nov. 
1724, he had Edward, b. 19 Aug. 1725; Hannah, b. 15 Mav, 1727; 
Sarah, b. 2 Oct. 1729 ; John, b. 12 Apr. 1733, Joseph b. 11 Apr. 1743. 
His will was proved by his widow, Hannah, 8 Nov. 1745. He was a 

[5.] 19 Sept. 1714, John Ayer of Groton alias Stonington, Ct., and 
Hannah his wife, " only surviving clau. of Daniel Travis of Boston," sign 
a deed ; from which it appears that Travis had 3 daus., of whom Sarah, 
d. s. p. and Esther, m. John Barnard. 

[6.] 1720, Hannah Air, executrix and late wife of John Shaw of 
Swansey, co. Bristol, " who left a son, John Shaw, who went to sea and 
died a minor," leaving his property to his mother, gives land to grandson 
Samuel Jackson, son of " my daughter, Hannah Jackson, whose maiden 
name was Hannah Mair" (sic.) 

[7.] S. Ayres joined 2d Church 3 Mch 1677-8 ; and 12 Oct. 1707, 
Mary, dau. of Elizabeth Ayres, was baptized there; 5 Nov. 1710, John 
Ayres joined same ch ; and Aug. 10, 1711, John A. makes his will, giving 
all his property to wife, Mary ; Aug. 12, 1711, John Ayres d. aged 62, 
says Bridgman, and these dates seem to show these were all one person ; 
2 Jan. 1677, Abigail Ayres d. aged 27— Bridgman ; 28 Dec. 1699, Ann 
Ayres m. John Lawson ; 20 Dec. 1706, John Ayres m. Elizabeth Halsie ; 
27 Feb. 1711-2, Mary Ayres of Portsmouth, and John Foster, were pub- 
lished ; 8 Mch, 1714-5/ Elizabeth Ayres m. Capt. Thomas Allen of 
Truro; 4 July, 1720, Sarah Ayres m. Thomas Allen ; John and Bridget 
Ayres had Bridget, b. 20 June, 1679 ; Elizabeth, b. 28 Sept. 1683. 

[8.] We now come to more recent immigrants. 8 June. 1693, Philip 
Ayres, mariner, made his will, being about going on a voyage, probably 
in the ketch Prosperous, of which he had just bought a quarter, and left 
his property to the children of his brother, John Ayres of Jersey, and his 
brother Thomas A. of the same island. In 1711, James Ayres, late of 
Kent, Eng., now of Boston, was app. adm. to his brother William Ayres, 
late of the parish of St. Peters, co. Kent, who had died on his passage 
hither ; 7 July, 1715, James m. Sarah Dispau, (a name called " very 
strange " by Savage,) and I suppose it was his will which was proved 4 
May, 1759, being James of Londonderry, and names wife, sons William 
and Samuel, and four daughters. 

[9.] Savage mentions also Henry A. of Portsmouth, R. I., 1655; 
William of Hartford, 1651-9 ; and Samuel, an apprentice who came 
over in 1637. All the rest mentioned in his article seem to be descend- 
ants of John of Haverhill, whom we propose to trace hereafter. 

EYRE. — In addition to Savage's article on this name, I find the follow- 
ing : — John, son of Simon, had five children who d. young, besides 
those named, and of these latter, Catherine m. David Jeffries, and Bethia 
m. John Walley, Mch 18, 1713-4. 

58 Gleanings. [Jan. 

12 Oct. 1696, John Ruggles and his wife, " Martha, only child and 
heir of Richard Mosely, late of Boston, dec'd, and Maria his wife, dau. 
of Simon Eyre of said Boston," signed a deed of land to their uncle 
John Eyre, who was heir to the other half. John E's will mentions his 
neice, Martha, wife of John Ruggles. 

Simon and Elizabeth Eyre, had Elizabeth, b. Oct. 30, 1690, at Boston. 
This was Simon, third of the name. Simon Eyre, Sr. seems to have left 
only two sons, Thomas and John, and his son Simon, who died before 
him, had only one son, Simon, recorded. Thomas is said to have died 
s. p. in Virginia, John's only son John, removed to Portsmouth, though 
perhaps he had at Boston, 14 Sept. 1733, by wife Anne, a son John ; and 
we are at a loss to find the parentage of the man we are about recording, 
unless he be the son of Jonathan or Benjamin, two sons of the first Si- 
mon, of whom we know very little. Benjamin perhaps d. young, but 
Jonathan was educated for a surgeon, 1656, says Savage. 

A Thomas Eyre (our enigma) of Boston, had by wife Anne, Savile, b. 
13 Dec. 1691 ; Thomas, b. 13 July, 1694. Thomas Eyre (the son no 
doubt) m. Deborah Shelston, 12 Feb. 1714-5, and had several ch. who 
d. besides Thomas, b. 31 Mch, 1727-8 ; Savile, b. 18 May, 1730 ; Han- 
nah, b. 13 Oct. 1720, who m. a Hunt, and Deborah, b. 24 July, 1726, who 
m. John Dobell or Doble, 24 Dec. 1747. 15 Dec. 1752, adm. was granted 
on the estate of this Savile Eyre, to his brother-in-law, Doble. 


From an interleaved Almanac, formerly in the possession of Paul 
Dudley, I am able to copy the following memoranda in his handwriting ; 
thanks to the kindness of Dr. B. Joy Jeffries, the present possessor. 

The Almanac is by " Joseph Stafford, A Lover of the Truth," and 
printed at Boston, by T. Fleet, 1740. 

On one page is written the following note : " Mr. Whitfield is without 
doubt a very extraordinary man, full of zeal to promote the Kingdom & 
Interest of our Lord Jesus, and in the conversion of Souls. His preach- 
ing seems to be much like that of the old English Puritans. It was not 
so much the matter of his sermons as the very serious, earnest and affec- 
tionate delivery of them without notes, that gained him such a multitude 
of hearers. The main subjects of his preaching while here, were the 
nature and necessity of Regeneration or conversion, and Justification by 
the Righteousness of Christ by faith alone." 

From this estimate of the well-known divine, we can see cause to rely 
upon the accuracy of his report of several of his contemporaries here- 
after printed. 

Jan. 7. A good fat bear killed on our meeting house hill or near it. 
Jan. 10. Sad news from Anapolis Royal, Col. Armstrong, Levt. Gov'r, 
fell upon his own sword and killed himself. Jan. 19. Died, Mrs. Norton, 
widow of the Rev. Mr. Norton of Hingham, a very worthy, religious 
person, in the eighty-first year of her age. Jan. 28. Died, young Mr. 
Hancock of Lexington, assistant minister to his Father : had the charac- 
ter of being a very worthy promising youth. 

The latter end of January, died at Cambridge, & buried from the Col- 
lege Hall, Mr. John Adams, he had been a preacher at Rode Island, was 
a very ingenious scholar, but for some considerable time before he died 
much distempered in his brain, so that his candle went out in a snuff. 
The character given of him in the news paper extravagant ; not but he 
was an ingenious preacher, a very good scholar, and no mean poet. 




March 4, d. Mr. Saltonstall. 12th, d. Rev. Mr. Parsons of Salisbury. 

May — . Col. Gorham & Mr. Wm. Brown chose into the Council. Mr. 
Dr. Dropt, and two negatived, viz., Capt. Little & P. D. June. Mr. Smith 
ordained at Marlborough, and Mr. Hill at Marshfield. The Throat Dis- 
temper got to Cambridge; several died, particularly Mrs. Holyoke. 25 
& 26. Roxbury new meeting house raised. 

July. 'Died the 11th, Govr Wanton of Rode Island, 68 years of age. 
About thesame time, Gov. Jenks of Providence, 84. He had been gov. 
of Rode Island formerly. August. Richard Ward, Esq. ( a seventh day 
Baptist,) chbse Govr. of Rode Island. 

October. Pied Thomas Cushing, Esq. and Thomas Palmer, Esq., for 
many years of his Majesty's Council, and persons of good character for 
piety and virtue. 23. Mr. Winthrop returned ; a Tuesday Evening Lec- 
ture set up at Boston. 

November 13. Died Col. Thaxter of Hingham ; had been of the 
Council for many years : a very useful man ; 75 years old. December. 
Last month four Justices of the Peace resigned their commissions rather 
than their place of Directors in the Land Bank. 17. Col. Leonard and 
Capt. Watts dismissed from their respective offices, for being Directors 
or signers of the Manufactory bills. 21. Justice Blanchard dismissed on 
the acco't of the manufactory bank bills. 25th. Died Col. Partridge of 
Hatfield, in the 96th year of his age. He was a very pious, sincere, 
honest man ; one that served his generation to a great age, by the will of 
God: discharged the several offices of Honor and Trust, the Governor 
put him into, with great diligence, prudence, courage and integrity. 


My readers will need no introduction to the merits of Mr. Thomas B. 
Wyman, whose care has prepared the following neat pedigree of the 
various Stephen Halls of Medford, cited in Reg. xiii, 15. Pie has also 
discovered that Stephen (3) son of John, m. abt. 1718, Elizabeth, widow 
of Timothy Walker of Woburn, as appears by the admr. acct., and by 
her had issue Elizabeth, who m. Francis Whitmore. She was the dau. 
of James Fowle of Woburn, by his wife, Abigail, dau. of John Carter, as 
appears by a deed recorded Mid. Rec. xii, 590, and it is probable that 
Peter Fowle, brother of James, m. Mary, another dau. of Carter. Eliz- 
beth Hall had two daus. by Walker, who m. John and Andrew Hall, ne- 
phews of her second husband. 

Widow Mary Ha)!, Cambridge. 1662. 

John, b. 1627, Medford. 

1. Stephen, = Ruth Davis. 

3. Stephen, b. 1670, Percival 
Medford. of Sutton. 

8. Stephen, 
b. 1721, 


13. Stephen, 
b. Jan 3, 1746, 

Mary Hill. 

7. Stephen, 
b. 1709, 

Sarah Reed. 

14. Stephen, 

b. Jan. 24, 1746, 


Joint of 


6. Stephen, 
b 1704, 


11. Stephen, 
b 1735, 
ob. 1797, 
s. p. 



a I 
5 Stephen 

2. Stephen, 
b. 1667, 


15. Stephen, 16. Stephen, 

b. 1770, Medford. b. 1773, Sutton. 

ofGroton, Willard 4. Stephen, 

= of b. 1693. 

Hepzibah. Westford. | ) 

| 9. Stephen, 

12. Stephen, b. 1728. 

b. 1743. 10. Stephen, 

grad. H.C. b. 1732. 


60 Thomas Rumsey, alias Hailes. [Jan. 


Richard Parke of Camb. 1636, is mentioned in Jackson's Hist, of 
Newton, and I presume is identical with Richard Perk, a passenger 
hither in 1635, (see Reg. xiv, 320,) who seems to have brought with 
him a wife Margery, somewhat older than himself, and two daus., Isabel, 
who m. Francis Whitmore, and Elizabeth, who perhaps m. Lt. Edward 
Winship. This wife seems to have died early, and he m. a second time ; 
and the dates, names, and ages seem to tally exactly with what we have 
before known of the Cambridge man. 


[Communicated by Mr. David Pulsifer.] 

The testimony of Theoder Atkinson & Mary, his wife, inhabitants of 
Boston in New England, saith, 

That about the third month in the year 1678, Thomas Rumsey* came 
to me, and tend red his service to me for one year to worke w th mee, 
and he told me he was a Kentishman, and that his father lived neer Can- 
terbury, and that his father was a yeoman, and had an estate about four 
hundred a year, and also that his father died when he was but young, and 
thai his father's estate did fall to him at his mother in law's decease ; and 
also he pretended that he came over to New-England upon the account 
of Religion ; and, further, he hired himself w th mee for a year, for to 
attend my busines, and to keep my booke of accounts, and for gathering 
in of my debts ; but when he had been about a month with mee he pre- 
tended he was one that had been highly bred, but he would not say fur- 
ther what he was ; but about five months after he came to mee then he 
told mee his Father was a Knight & Baronet, and that his mother in law 
was a Lady. So he lived and carryed himself pretending he was highly 
bred yt I, the said Atkinson, did not set him on work because he prom- 
ised mee he would satisfy mee for what charges & expenses I was out 
about him ; but a little time after he came to me he began to discover 
himself so as his Religion did seem to wear away, and before the year 
was expired he changed his name and said his name was Hailes, and 
p'fessed he had been a great traveller in y e Straights for about two & 
twenty months, and that his mother was called the Lady Hailes, and paid 
him his mony by Bills of exchang from time to time ; that she was a 
lady that had three hundred p' an. of her own that shee brought w th her, 
and that his father had about eight hundred a year, and a vast estate 
which he durst not nor would mention least he should be laugh't at, and 
not be believed ; that all his father's estate after his mothers decease was 
his ; those, and such like unheard of stories as those in which there is not 
the least shadow of truth (as the Deponents are informed) and as the de- 
ponents now perceive he made use off as a delusion to put a cheat on 
Mr. Edward Rawson of Boston aforesaid, to accomplish his abominable 
villany and deceive him of his daughter, M™ Rebecca Rawson, who he 
was married unto by a minister of the Gospel, on the first day of July in 
the year of o r Lord one thousand six hundred and seventy nine, in the 
presence of neer forty witnesses. 

* See Register, vol. iii, 298. Also Hist. Sf Antiqs. Boston, 554. 

1861.] Letter of Edmund Quincy. 61 


[Communicated by J. Gardner White.] 

At the time when this letter was written Vaccination as a preventive 
for Small Pox was not generally known. Inoculation had long been 
practised in Turkey, and when the celebrated Lady Montague returned 
from Constantinople to England, in 1722, she caused her daughter to 
be inoculated for the small pox, and it was from about this time that the 
remedy became common in England. 

Vaccination had been practised in several of the dairy counties of 
England, and some eminent physicians having heard the fact had casually 
mentioned it in their writings, but it was reserved for Jenner to show that 
the inoculated disease of Cow Pox possessed the same prophylactic power 
as the original disorder. 

With the educated classes inoculation obtained to considerable extent, 
as Jenner did not publish his Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the 
Variolae Vaccinae until 1798, and a knowledge of his proposed preven- 
tive had not become general. Among those who practised it the inocula- 
tion was an event of some importance, and therefore Mr. Quincy thinks 
it worthy a letter. 

The son mentioned was John George Washington, the only son of 
Gov. Hancock, who was killed when skating on the ice, January 27, 
1787, aged nine years. 

This letter is directed to 

" Mrs Hancock 
«p' M r Otis Point Shirley" 

" via Apple Island 

Boston, Septemb r 25 1783 
Dear daughter Hancock, 

I have only time to give you joy as to your Son's courage express'd 
at y e time of inoculation and to tell you that we've great reason to be con- 
fident (according to the Common course of Success, w ch the practitioners 
here & abroad have met with, especially in such young patients,) that y r 
Son will do well, as hear all w th out exception have done, under y e dis- 
temper heretofore inoculated — A very happy remedy w ch thro the Good- 
ness of Div. Providence, the world is favored with : Still more happy the 
world will be if mankind shou'd prove obedientially grateful, instead of 
being careless, under the blessings conferr'd upon them. 

I hope soon to hear the Symptoms upon a prospect of eruption are 
favorable — and with my most devout wishes of a Favorable Issue — I rem e 
Dear daughf your most Affectionate Father 

Edm : Quincy 

Advice yesterday by the Nantz Packet into Portsmouth, that Mr De 
Valnais & Co arriv'd in France in the New Ship, America, in 21 days 
passage as the Vice Consul told me yesterday, don't hear of any L rs 
as yet 

We are all well & send love — and my respects to Mr Balch & Co & 
Sh d be glad to know they are well 

62 Letter from Rev. Supply Clap of Wobur?i, Mass. [Jan. 


Wob: Dec" 25th 1742. 
Rev*: Father, 

I received a Little bottle from you, the contents of w ch I took ; which 
(by y e Divine blessing) I hope was serviceable to me. I thank you for 
it. I have been (according to y e Good will of a holy God) bro't to y e 
Gates of y e Grave, w n I tlio't I should be deprived of y e residue of my 
years. But when near departing, as myself and others apprehended, God 
was ready to save, Jehovah-jireh, God appeared in y e mount of Difficul- 
ty and I am returned to see y e Lord in y e Land of y e Living and to be- 
hold man again. T am still a poor weak Creature, as 1 have often heard 
you say of yourself. I have many painfull Days and restless nighis. I 
hope God intends all for my Good and y l I shall Learn humility, Pa- 
tience, resignation to Gods will &c: in this School of affliction. 1 make 
no doubt I have had your prayers for me, I ask them still. My family is 
in good health, by Gods Goodness. My wife sends her Duty to you. 
We have two Children, Martha and Supply, pray God to bless them and 
make y m blessings. My Love and Service to Mr Gardner. Now wish- 
ing Grace mercy and peace may be multiplied to you and y e flock to 
whom you have so long been made a blessing, and asking y r prayers for 
a blessing on me and my flock, I subscribe myself, y r Dutifull tho' un- 
worthy Son, in y e Ministry. Supply Clap. 

P. S. I heard from Dorchester, not long since. Our friends and 
Relations w re in good health generally. There is a Little number y l 
hold a Separate meeting yet on Lords Days. It is remarkable, That y re 
hath not been one Exhorter among my people yet, we are in peace, (God 
grant it may not be a peace and Security in Sinning.; 

I beg y e outpouring of Gods Spirit on my people and upon y e Land, 
and that God would preserve his people from Errors, which I fear are 
many at this Day. I trust we must still, To y e Law and to y e Testimo- 
nies, Stick to y e Bible and make Gods word our Rule. Please to write to 
me by y e first opportunity, That I may hear (I hope) of y r welfare and 
receive your blessing in y e Lord. S. Clap. 

" For the Rev d 
M r Nathaniel Clap 

Pastor of a C hh in Newport 
on Road-Island 

Mrs. Hews of Lyme, N. H. — There is in Lyme, N. H., a very fine 
and well arranged cemetery ; and though it is thickly studded with mon- 
uments to the dead, yet the town must be generally healthy, and favorable 
to longevity, for the inscriptions to aged people are quite numerous. Here 
is interred the oldest person who has ever lived in the town. This was 
"Sarah wife of Lieut | Nathaniel Hews, died | March 26, 1851, aged | 

101 yrs. 4 mo. 10 days." 

She came here with her husband, about 1767, from Mansfield in Con- 
necticut. Her mother lies near her, with a stone showing that she was 
buried in 1815, at the age of 95 years. 

Lyme, 26 August, 1860. d. 

1861.] Early Settlers of Westerly, R. I. 63 


[Communicated by J. D. Ciiamplix, Jr., of New York, N. Y.] 
[Continued from Vol. xiv, p. 168.] 

Pemberton, Joseph. — Was of Westerly in 1679. Removed to New 
London in 1680.* He. m. Mar. 19, 1683, Maria Minor, widow of Sam- 
uel Minor, and dau. of Avery. t They had James, Joseph, Mary 

and Elizabeth. He died Oct. 14, 1702. f After his death, his wife re- 
turned to Boston with her sons ; but her daughters remained in N. L. 
Mary having m. Alexander Baker, and Elizabeth, Jonathan Rogers.* 
Another Joseph Pemberton, (perhaps a son of the above) was made free 
in Westerly, April 23, 1691, and held several important offices after- 
wards. In 1703, he is called, in a deed, "Joseph Pemberton, carpenter, 
of Westerly." 

Pendleton, James. — The name of Brian Pendleton appears in the list 
of 108 townsmen of Watertown, Mass., in 1636. He was afterwards of 
Portsmouth, and was styled " major." His will bears date Aug. 9, 

1667. He m. Eleanor , and had but one son, James, and a dau. 

who m. Rev. Seth Fletcher. 

James was first of Watertown, then of Sudbury, and lastly of West- 
erly, R. I., where his name appears in the list of free inhabitants in 

1669. He m. 1st, Mary , and had James, born at Watertown, Nov. 

5, 1650, and daus. Mary and Hannah. He m. 2nd, Hannah , 

and had Joseph, born at Sudbury, Dec. 29, 1661 ; Edmund, Sarah, bap. 
at Stonington, April 18, 1674-5 ; Eleanor, bap. July 20, 1679 ; Doro- 
thy, bap. Oct. 3, 16b6 ; Anna, Patience, and Caleb. Capt. James Pen- 
dleton was admitted to the church at Stonington, Nov. 7, 1680. His will 
is dated Feb. 9, 1702. He died Nov. 29, 1709. (Minor Diary.) James, 
his son by wife Mary, and daus. Sarah and Patience, are not mentioned 
in it and probably died early. Of the remainder of his children, Joseph, 

m. 1st, , and had Mary, bap. at Stonington, Apr. 29, 1684 ; Joseph, 

bap. Mar. 10. 1695. f He m. 2nd, Deborah Minor, dau. of Ephraim, 
July 8, 1696, and had Deborah, b, Aug. 29, 1697. She m. Nov. 30, 
1715, Nicholas Frink. Mrs. Deborah Pendleton d. Sept. 8, 1697, and 
Joseph m. 3rd, Patience, dau. of William Potts of New London, Dec. 11, 
1700, and had Joseph, b. Mar. 3, 1702 ; William, Mar. 23, 1704, and 
Joshua, Feb. 22, 1705-6. 

" Joseph Pendleton was buried Sept. 20, 1706. "§ 

Edmund, son of Capt. James, m. Mary , and had Hannah, bap. 

July 28, 1700 ; Mary, bap. Sept. 6, 1702. 

Eleanor, dau. of Capt. James, adm. to Church at Stonington, Oct. 24, 
1702 ; Dorothy, m. Cottrelle ; Anna, m. Eleazer Brown of Ston- 
ington, Oct. 18, 1693. 

Caleb m. , and had James, bap. July 23, 1693; Sarah, bap. July 

23, 1693, m. Lampheare; Hannah, bap. July 7, 1695 ; Caleb, bap. 

* Miss Calkins, New London. 

t Thomas Minor's Diary ; it describes him as " now residing in Stonington." Reg. 
vol. iii. He was, however, alive in 1676, as appears from a letter written by him to 
Gov. & Council of Mass., Aug. 13th of that year. Reg. vol. iii, 113. 

| Although these are plainly written children of Joseph Pendleton upon the record, I 
strongly suspect they belonged to Joseph Pemberton. If so, Deborah Minor was the 
first wife. 

§ Minor Diary. 

64 Early Settlers of Westerly, R.I. [Jan. 

June 6, 1697; Elizabeth, bap. June 25, 1699, m. Brown; Brian, 

bap. June 15, 1701 ; Ann, bap. Aug. 22, 1703, m. Babcock : Read, 

who rn. John Saunders ; Susannah, who m. Stephen Wilcox, Aug. 6, 
1724 ; Ruth, who rn. Benoni Smith. 

Randall, John. — John, free inhabitant of Westerly, 1669. In 1685 
his widow petitioned to be allowed to improve deceased husband's lands. 
On the records, at Stonington, appears the following: John Randall and 
Mary Baldwin, m. Nov. 25, 1706. Peter Randall and Elizabeth Polley, 
Nov. 27, 1706. James Brown and Elizabeth Randall, m. May 5, 1718. 

Children of John Randall ; Elizabeth, b. July 4, 1696 ; Mary, Dec. 
16, 1698; John, Dec. 2, 1702 ; Dorothy, Dec. 7,' 1703; Abigail, Dec. 4, 
1705 ; John Randall & Mary Baldwin m. as above and had 7 or 8 more 

Reynolds or Rennolds, Thomas — Of Westerly, 1680. Thomas, 
son of John Reynolds of Stonington, and Sarah, dau. of Joseph Clark of 
Newport, were m. Oct. 11, 1683, and had Joseph, born at Westerly, 
June 25, 1684. 

From the Minor church records, it appears that Abigail, wife of John 
Reynolds, was admitted to the church at Stonington, April 28, 1693; 
Marv, dau. of John Reynolds, bap. Sjpt. 19, 1686 ; Anna, bap. March 
13, 1692. 

Satterlee, Nicholas. — Free inhab. Westerly, 1680. He m. Mary 

, and had Penelope, b. Nov. 15, 1698 ; John, b. Feb. 21, 1701-2, 

and Mary, b. Oct. 21, 1703. 

Saunders, Tobias. — Freeman of Newport, 1655 ; of Westerly, 1669. 
He m. Mary, dau. of Joseph Clark of Newport, and neice of Deputy 
Governor John Clark, and had children John, Edward, Stephen and Ben- 
jamin, none of whom had attained their majority, Aug. 9, 1688, the date 
of his will. He died about Aug. 1695, as he was moderator of a town 
meeting July 4, 1695, and at a meeting Aug. 23, of the same year, it was 
voted, " That whereas Mr. Tobias Saunders is deceased," &c. 

Of his children, John m. Silence , and had Mary, b. Jan. 6, 1700; 

Hannah, Dec. 17, 1701-2; Elizabeth, Oct. 27, 1703; John, Susanna, 

Samuel, Joseph and Wait. Edward m. Sarah , and had Edward, b. 

Jan. 10, 1702-3 ; Sarah, Abigail, William, Mary, James, Isaac and 

Stephen m. Rachel Bleavin, Nov. 19, 1721, and had Stephen, b. Aug. 
3, 1722; Rachel, Sept. 18, 1724; Isabel, Oct. 14 1726; Ruth, July 1, 
1729 ; Tobias, Mar. 28, 1732 ; Mary, July, 9, 1734 ; Peleg, Mar. 4, 
1737 ; Martha, Nov. 27, 1740. 

Benjamin m. Ann , and had Mary, b. Jan. 29, 1714 ; Joshua, 

Mar. 6, 1716; Daniel, Nov. 1, 1717 ; Lucv, Nov. 13, 1719 ; Tacy, Feb. 
1,1722; Nathan, Mar. 17, 1724; Clem, Dec. 15, 1726. 

Sharp, John. — One of the early emigrants to Westerly. Made free, 
Oct. 28, 1668. Probably removed early. 

Stanton, Daniel. — Made free at Westerly, Oct. 28, 1668. He was, 
doubtless, the son of Robert Stanton of Newport, and not of Thomas 
Stanton of Stonington, as has been supposed. Daniel, son of Thomas, 
went to Barbadoes,* and died there, whereas the name appears at West- 

* Perhaps the following letter from the records of Westerly will be interesting in 
connection with him. 

Babadoes, Octob' y« 16 th 1682. S r y™ I Reseved for M r Thomas Dimon 

Dated August ye first wherein I understand you have spoken with my mother about 

1861.] Early Settlers of Westerly, R. I. 65 

erly some years after 1685. I extract the following from the records of 
the Friends' Church at Newport. John, son of Rohert Stanton & Avis his 
wife, was born at Newport the 6 mo 1645. Hannah, dau. of John Stanton 
and Mary his wife, b. 7th 9 m0# 1^79 . j h n? b> 22 nd 2mo. 1674 ; Content, 
20th 10 mo. 1675 ; Robert, 4th 3m. 1627. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Daniel Stanton and Elizabeth his wife, b. 20th 4mo. 
1676 ; Martha, 3 rd 4mo, 1678 ; Sarah, 28th 12mo. 1680 ; Daniel, 19th 
2mo. 1683. 

Bobert Stanton died at Newport, aged 73 ; buried 29th f 6 mo. 1672. 

Stevens, Thomas. — Free inhab. Westerly, 1690. He married a dau. 
of Henry Hall, Sen., as he is called his son-in-law in K05. 

In 1670, Henry Stephens was an inhabitant of Stonington, and Feb. 
18, 1694, Thomas, Richard, Henry and Elizabeth, four of his children, 
were bap. at Stonington, April 22, 1694; Lucy, another dau. was bap. 

Henry Stephens in. Elizabeth Gallup.* Ephraim Minor m. Mary Ste- 
phens, May 24, 1694. Edward Wilcox of Westerly and Tamsen Ste- 
phens of Taunton, were m. May 5, 1698. 

Swait, Richard. — Westerly, 1679. He m. Mehitable Larkin, Dec. 
15, 1673, and had Richard, b. Feb. 23, 1675-6 ; Susanna, Feb. 17, 
1677-8; Elizabeth, Feb. 10, 1679-80; Mary, Nov. 4, 1682, and Elea- 
nor, June 13, 1687. 

Wells, Thomas. — Westerly, 1680. Fie was called " of Ipswich, 
ship-wright." He died Feb. 12, 1700. His will was verbal, dated Dec. 
27, 1699 ; in it, he mentions children Joseph, Thomas, Mary, Ruth, 
Sarah, John and Nathaniel. His wife was Naomi . 

Of his children, Joseph, m. Hannah Reynolds, Dec. 28, 1681.f He 
was " of Groton," and died Oct. 26, 1711. In his will, he mentions 
wife Hannah and children Joseph, John, Thomas and Anne. 

The will of Thomas, Jr., dates April 11, 1716, mentions wife Sarah 
and children Edward, Thomas and Sarah. Am'nt of inv. ,£165, 19, 00. 

Mary m. Ezekiel Maine, Jr., Dec. 15, 1690. 

John m. Mary ; Nathaniel m. , dau. of Joseph Crandall ? 

Wilcox, Stephen. — Free inhab. Westerly, 1669, Edward, 1680; made 
free April 22, 1686. Stonington, 1699, cattle mark of William Wilcox. 
In list of freemen of Kingstown (now Wickford) appears Stephen Wil- 
cox, son of Stephen ; Robert, son of Thomas, and Stephen, son of 

Will of John Crandall, Jr., 1704, at Kingstown, mentions dau. Eliza- 
beth Wilcox, and son Stephen Wilcox. 

On same records, Thomas, son of Thomas Wilcox, born Oct. 24, 

On Westerly records, the following: Stephen Wilcox and wife Eliza- 

the Same and you have written that mother is unwilling to act anything tell she hears 
from me : Upon which ocation I have fully writte my mind to my mother about the 
premises aforesaid and shall fully Leave it to her disposing w th the consent or appro- 
bation of our Rever d m r James Noyes : and what they doe in the S d business I shall 
Conforme and stand to as my act and deede : & by the first ocation I shall send you on 
a deed of Sale full and ferme according to Law — which is all at present only wishing 
of your Self and Lady with the Rest of our Relations all happiness and prosperity Im- 
maginable and Soe subscribe and always shall your humble servant & Ever Loveing 
Kinsman to Command at all times Daniel Stanton. 

My humble services to Capt & Mistris Denison ; I pray S r dont let the brevecation 
of my writing hinder your enlargement by the next opportunity. d. s. 

* Savage's Winthrop, p. 16. t Thomas Minor's Diary. 


66 Letter from Rev. Joshua Gee. [Jan. 

beth, 1715. Stephen Wilcox and Mary Randall, m. July 12, 1716, and 
had David, b. Feb. 13, 1720-21; Marcy, Aug. 6, 1724 ; Eunice, May 
22, 1726 ; Stephen, April 21, 1728 ; Valentine, Feb. 14, 1733-4. Ed- 
ward Wilcox of Westerly, and Tamsen Stephens of Taunton, m. May 5, 
1698, and had Sarah, b. May 30, 1700; Thomas, Feb. 18, 1702 ; Heze- 
kiah, April 4, 1704; Elisha, July 9, 1706; Amie, Oct. 18, 1709; Su- 
sanna, April 4, 1712. Edward Wilcox died intestate, Nov. 5, 1715. 

On Stonington records, William Wilcox and Dorothy Palmer, m. Jan. 
25, 1697-8 ; 1717, Daniel Wilcox and Mary, his wife. 


Rev d & Honoured Sir, Boston January 29, 1742-3. 

To consider the conduct of divine providence in setling my brother in Law, Mr Jo- 
seph Gardner, with you, (as a Son with a Father) in the Ministry of the Gospel of 
Christ, — to hear him always delightfully speaking of you in strong expressions of filial 
Reverence — to understand that you favoured him with continual Tokens of paternal 
Goodness, and to be informed y' his labours met with acceptance & were followed with 
some success among the Pp of your chh & Congregation. These things in time past 
have afforded me matter of Joy and Thanksgiving to the God of all Grace. 

And it is with a very sensible Grief of Heart that I now find myself called to write 
to you for your Advice relating to the present circumstances of his Case. I should be 
glad to wait on you and converse with you more largely upon it, if I had an Opportu- 
nity, which it pleases God not to allow me, but at present I must content myself with 
mentioning to you the following particulars. Sometime last summer he appeared to be 
under Discouragement about his support in the work of the Ministry, which I urged 
him to guard against as the effect of Temptation. When after this I found him en- 
gaged in a particular acquaintance with a young Gentlewoman in our neighborhood, I 
pleased myself to think he had got rid of his dark prospects. But it was not long be- 
fore to my surprise, he let me know that he had jiot any prospect of being enabled to 
support a family at Newport, and I perceived at the same time that he had bin exercised 
with Temptations to think of leaving the Ministry & taking to some secular business. 
I hope I endeavoured to treat him faithfully as well as tenderly on this occasion. His 
Parents who Cwith other friends) cannot bear the thought of his forsaking the Ministry, 
struck in to hinder his giving way to this Temptation, and he was persuaded to return 
to his Flock & to hope that he would not find his People backward to do what was 
needful for his Support in the conjugal State, when they perceived he thought himself 
called to enter into it. His Friends have been waiting to hear of the state of things in 
the Flock & the disposition of their Minds towards him upon his return to you. It has 
bin said, y l he thinks there is little or no prospect of his being supported in the Work 
of the Ministry at Newport, — that several attempts for a Subscription towards it have 
been made without success — that some of his particular Friends are for his asking a Dis- 
mission — that others are uneasy with him because he is not in y e New-Light-Scheme (as 
some call it) — and that he sees nothing at present but y e absolute necessity of a Separ- 
ation. (Which by the way, Sir, I fear would tend to his Ruine, according to my pres- 
ent apprehensions.) 

Now Rcv J & Hon d Sir, That so y re may be no Darkness and Uncertainty upon the 
Facts relating to this present unhappy Case, my Father-in-law, Mr. Gardner, has de- 
sired me to write to you, & pray you to favour us with an account of the State of things, 
& with your Advice upon it. And this is what I humbly & earnestly desire my self, 
that I may be directed what advice to give in a Case which is not with its peculiar Dif- 
ficulties. Hoping therefore that you will speedily write to us on this melancholy Occa- 
sion, I conclude, asking your Prayers for me and mine, whom a righteous, holy, and 
faithful God sees it best to exercise with various long continued afflictions, and sub- 
scribing myself llev d & Hon d Sir 

To the Reverend & Honor d Yours to command in the Scruice 

Mr Nathaniel Clap of our Lord Jesus Christ 

Pastor of a Chh of Christ Joshua Gee. 

at Newport Rhode Island. These. 

1861.] Baptisms, from Rehoboth Church Records. 67 


[Transcribed by Elisha L. Turner of Dedham.] 

Hannah Greenwood ; Rebeckah, ye daughter of John Pain, bap. Feb. 

17, 1694. 
Judith ye daughter of Sam 11 Pain, bap. March 7, 1695. 
Judith ye daughter of John Hunt, bap. April 14, 1695. 
Abigail ye daughter of George Robinson, and Elizabeth daughter of Israel 

Read, bap. May 12, 1695. 
Abigail ye daughter of John Titus, bap. May 26, 1695. 
Jonathan son of James Thirber and Bathsheba daugh r of Saml Newman, 

bap. July 28, 1695. 
John son of John Read, bap. November 17 th , 1695. 
Sarah daughr f Phill. Walker, bap. Jan. 12, 1695-6. 
Rebeckah daugh r of Enoch Hunt, Elizabeth daugh r of Sam 1 ! Pamer, 

Feb. 16, Hezekiah son of Hez. Peck, Elizabeth daugh 1 ' of Josiah Peck, 

Jun., Hannah daugh r of Joseph Dagget, bap. 5 April, 1696. 
John son of John Lane, bap 19 April, 1696, also wife of Sam 1 Sabin, sen 1 ". 
An daugh r of Israel Read, bap. May 3, 1696. 
James son of James Sabin, & Noah ye son of Joseph Titus, bap. May 

24, 1696. 
Adin: Josiah son of Josiah Carpenter, & Rachel & Experience, daugh rs 

of Tim: Ide, bap. July, 1696. 
Obediah son of Israel Ingraham, & Thorn, son of John Friend, bap. Oct. 

5, 1696. 
Daniel, Ichabod, Solomon, Jethniel, Esther, children of Jethniel Peck, 

bap. Ap: 11, 1696. 
Noah son of Sami Pain, bap. April 25, 1697. 
Jabish son of Doct r Brown, bap. May 9, 1697. 

Henry, Joshua, Rebeckah, Elizabeth, children of Joshua Smith, & Na- 
thaniel, Deliver, children of John Smith, all bap. 9 May, 1697. 
John Greenwood & ye Wife of John Sheperdson, bap. May 30, 1697. 
Ebenezer son of Jethniel Peck, bap. June 14, 1697. 
James, Phillip, Esther, children of Phillip Walker, bap. July 4, 1697. 
Solomon son of John Pain, & Hannah, daugh of John Hunt, bap. July 18, 

Daniel son of Mary Newman, bap. Aug. 1, 169 7. 
Nathaniel, Josiah, Susannah, children of Thorn. Cooper, Jun r , bap. Aug. 15, 

Abia Carpenter, bap. in a private house, Sept. 1, 1697. 
Eben son of Sami Robin, bap. Sept. 5, 1697. 

Abia, Thomas, Mehitabel, Sarah, children of Abiah Carpenter, and Eliza- 
beth, daughr of Capt. Mason & a member of the Church at Norwich, 

bap. Sept. 12, 1697. 
Tabitha & Sibill children of Benj. Hunt, Sept. 19, 1697. 
Sarah Fuller & Elizabeth Allen^ bap. (in a private house) Oct. 27, 1697. 
Nat. Chaffe, Jan. 2, 1697-8. 
Huldah Hunt, March 20, 1698. 
Hannah daughter of George Robinson, Ruth, daugh r of Is. Read, Mar. 

27, 1698. 
Leah daugh: of Nat. Carpenter, Joseph, Deborah, Martha, children ol 

Jos. Buckland, Jun. bap. on ye 17 April, 1698. 

68 Baptisms, from Rehoboth Church Records. [Jan. 

Israel son of Josiyah Peck, Noah, son of Tho. Cooper, Jun r , Nat., Phillip, 

Elizabeth, Rachel, Experience, children of Nat Whittaker, Susannah, 

daugh r of Jos Kent, sen. bap. April 24, 1698. 
Moses son of John Read, May 26, 1698. 
Bathshebah daugh r of John Smith, Rachell daugh r of Hezek h Peck, June 

19, 1698. 
Ezekiel son of Benj. Fuller, bap. Nov. 13, 1698. 
Rebeck: daugh r of David Carpenter, Nov. 27, 1698. 
Josiah son of Tim. Ide, bap. Dec. 21, 1698, Joseph Polley ye same time, 

Israel Peck being sponsor. 
Rachell daughr of Sam 1 Cooper, Jan. 8, 1698-9. 
Martha daugh r Joseph Titus, Jan. 15, 1699. 
David son of James Sabin, bap. Feb. 12, 1698-9. 
Benjamin son of John Lane, Ephraim son of John French, bap. Feb. 20, 

Benjamin son of Joseph Buckland, bap. Mar. 5, 1699. 
Sarah daugh r of John Peck, & Sarah daugh r of John Sheperdson, bap. 

Apr. 16, 1699. 
Noah Greenwood, Joseph son of Joseph Dagget, bap. April 25, 1699. 
Ezra son of Nat Carpenter, & Rebeckah, daugh r of Nat. Whittaker, bap. 

April 30, 1699. 
Hannah Graunt (personally owning ye covenant) was bap. June 4, 1699, 

also Sarah daugh r of Charles Williams ye same time. 
Elizabeth wife of Sami Titus & her children Elizabeth & Abigail, 

bap. June 11, 1699. 
Ebenezer son of John Butterworth, Rachell daugh r of Abia Carpenter, 

bap. June 18, 1699. 
Stephen son of Sam 1 Pain, bap. Aug. 6, 1699. 
Sarah daughf of Abraham Follet, bap. Aug. ye 13, 1699. 
Joshua son of Israel Read, bap. Oct. 8, 1699. 
Sarah daugh r of Elisha Maye, and Abigail daugh r of Stephen Read, 

bap. Oct. 21, 1699. 
Elizab h wife of Benj. Wilson, Benj. son of John Pain, Ebenezer son of 

Dan 1 Pamer, Mercy daugh r of Leonard Nevvsom, bap. Novem r 19, 1699. 
John, Amos sons of Benjamin Fuller, bap. Decern 1 " 10, 1699. 
Benjam: Mary children of Benj: Fuller bapt: Decern 1 " 21, 1699. 
Obediah son of Robert Fuller, bap. Mar. 3, 1700. 
Benjamin, Nicholas sons of Nicolas Ide, Timothy son of John Reed, also 

Elizabeth daugh r of Josiah Carpenter, bap. March 24, 1700. 
Mary daugh>" of Phillip Walker, bap. March 31, 1700. 
Oliver, Hezekiah sons of Jabesh Brown, Bap. May 5, 1700. 
Hector, (Negro man servant of Benj. Allen,) bap. May 26, 1700. 
James son of Jonathan Viall, bap. July 14, 1700. 
An daugh 1 " of Mr. Lowe, bap. Sept. 1, 1700. 

James son of Thos. Cooper, John son of Hezekiah Peck, bap. Oct. 13, 1700. 
Sarah daugh r of Sam 11 Newman, & Mercy daugh r of Sam 1 Pamer, bap. 

Feb. 2, 1700-1. 
Elijah son of Nat. Carpenter, bap. Mar. 30, 1701. 
Rebeckah daugh r of Benj. Wilson, bap. April 6, 1701. 
Rebeckah daughter of Jabesh Brown, bap. April 20, 1701. 
Hannah daugh r of Nat. Whittaker, also Noah & Sam 1 sons of David 
_ Newman, bap. April 27, 1701. 
Ephraim son of Joseph Ingraham, bap. May 11, 1701. 

1861.] Baptisms, from Rehoboth Church Records. 69 

Rebcckah daugh r of Jethniel Peck, Peter son of Abia Carpenter, Freelove 

& Abigail daugh 8 of Daniel Smith, also Peter & Judah, children of 

Nat. Cooper, bap. May 25, 1701. 
David son of David Carpenter, Sami son of Sam 1 Loe, John son of Joseph 

Bucklen, John son of John Smith, bap. June 8 th , 1701. 
Joshua son of Benj. Fuller, bap. June ult, Sabbath. 
Daniel son of Tim. Ide, bap. July 14, 1701. 

Isaac & Rebeckah children of Abraham Follet, bap. July 21, 1701. 
Jonathan son of Mr. Jonathan Viall, bap. Aug. 17, 1701. 
Esther Greenwood, Nathan son of John Pain, also Sarah daugh r of John 

Lane, bap. August 24, 1701. 
Hannah daughter of David Newman, & Abigail daugh' of John Follet, 

bap. August 31, 1701. 
Mercy daugh r of Joseph Titus, bap. Sept. 28, 1701. 
Hepbzibah and Martha daugh 8 of Joseph Dagget, bap. Dec. — , 1701. 
Judah daugh r of Is: Reed, bap. Dec. 10, 1701. 
Nat. son of Nat. Cooper, bap. Jan. 25, 1701-2. 
David son of Daniel Smith, Jain daugh r of Phillip Walker, bap. March 

29, 1702. 
Daniel son of Sami ( ), Martha daugh* of James Sabin, bap. April 

12, 1702. 
Mary daugh r of Sami Cooper, bap. June 7, 1702. 
Stephen son of Joseph Peck, and Joseph son of Jethniel Peck, bap. 14 

June, 1702. 
Eliezar son of Sam 1 Palmer, bap. July 12, 1702. 
Mary daugh* of Leonard Nevvsom, bap. 2 August, 1702. 
Elizabeth daugh: of Cornet Walker, bapt: Aug. 16, 1702. 
Jerusha dau: of Jabesh Brown, bapt: Sept. 27, 1702. 
Rachell daughter of Sam 11 Lowe, bapt: Novemb: 1, 1702. 
Benj., Jonathan and Hannah, children of Benj. Wilson, bap. Nov. 14, 1702. 
Sarah daugh r of John Reed, April 11, 1703. 
Mary daugh r of Joseph Ingraham, Experience daugh 1 " of Goodman Wedge, 

bap. May 9th, 1703. 
Sarah daugh r of Baruck Buckland, bap. June 22, 1703. 
Jonathan son of John Smith, bap. July 1, Sab: 1703. 
Dan. son of Nat. Carpenter & Margaret daugh 1 " of Nat. Whittaker, bap. 

18, 1703. 
Joseph son of John Follet, bap. March 25, 1703. 
Benjamin son of Cornet Walker, Melatiah son of John Lane and John son 

of Sami Titus, bap. 15, 1703. 

Martha d. of John Hunt, bap. Aug. 29, 1703. 
Hannah daugh r of Sam 1 Peck, bap. Sept. 12, 1703. 
Lidia daugh 1 " of Joseph Titus, bap. Sept. 19, 1703. 
Ebenezer, Nath 1 , Thomas sons of Nath 1 Peck, bap. Sept. 26, 1703. 
Gideon son of John Pain, Christopher, Ichabod, Dan, Peter, Mary, chil- 
dren of Richd Bowen, bap. Oct. 10, 1703. 
Henry, Paul, Sam 1 , Thorn., Will m , Phebe, children of Paul Healy, bap. 

Jan. 2, 1703-4. 
Rachel daugh r of Jos. Buckland, bap. Jan. 30, 1703-4. 
Nat. son of Phillip Walker, bap. Feb. 6, 1703-4. 
Ruth daugh r of Elisha Maye, bap. March 12, 1704. 
John son of Benj. Viall, bap. Mar. 19, 1704. 
My own daugh r Elizabeth, bap. April 4, 1704. 

70 Baptisms, from Rehoboth Church Records. [Jan. 

Israel son of Joseph Dagget, bap. April 30, 1704. 

Ruth, daugh* of Sam 1 Cooper, bap. May 7, 1704. 

Jonathan & Hannah children of Jonathan Carpenter, bap. Mav 21. 1704. 

An, daugh r of Jethniel Peck, bap. May 28, 1704. 

Abigail daugh r of James Sabin, bap. June 25, 1704. 

Margaret daugh r of David Newman, bap. 23 July, 1704. 

Persis daughter of John Follet, bap. August 6, 1704. 

Isaac, Samuel, Grace, Experience children of Sam' Sabin, and Noah and 
Miriam children of Noah Carpenter, bap. Aug. 13, 1704. 

Eben. son of Eben. Smith, bap. August 27, 1704. 

Elizabeth daughr of Paul Healy, Sept. 2, 1704. 

Sarah daugh r of Ichabod Bozzard, bap. Sept. 14, 1704. 

Elizabeth daugh' of Solomon Miller, bap. Oct. — , 1704. 

Francis son of Benj. Wilson, bap. 8 Oct. 1704. 

Amos son of John Shepherdson, and Rebeckah daugh r of Noah Peck, 
bap. Novem. 19, 1704. 

Abiel son of Benj. Fuller, and Sarah daugh r of Noah Carpenter, bap. Dec. 

Solomon son of Dan 1 Smith, bap. Feb. 18, 1704. 

John son of Joseph Tree, bap. March, ult. sabbath, 1705. 

Rachel daugh r of Sam 1 Peck, bap. April 22, 1705. 

Mary daugh r of Abia Carpenter, bap. April 29, 1705. 

Joseph son of Joseph Ingraham, bapt: May 27, 1705. 

Lydia daught: of Jos. Peck, bapt. June 17, 1705. 

James son of Geo. Bastoe, bap. May 6, 1705. 

Rachel daugh r of Nat. Carpenter, bap. May 20, 1705. 

Jonathan, Jacob, Elisha, Ephraim, Daniel sons of Timothy Bliss, Abra- 
ham son of Joseph Follet, bap. May 24, 1705. 

Noah son of Noah Peck, & RichJ son of Rich. Bowen, bap. July 8, 1705. 

Edward son of Sam 1 Daye, bap. July 15, 1705. 

Elizabeth daughter of John Lane, bap. July 29, 1705. 

Anne daughter of David Newman, bap. August 26, 1705. 

Abigail daugh 1 of John Wedge, bap. Sept. 30, 1705. 

Miriam daugh r of Jonathan Bliss, bap. Oct. 14, 1705. 

Nat 1 son of Benj. Vial!, bap. Nov. 11, 1705. 

Jonathan son of Jonathan Amsbury, bap. Dec. 9, 1705. 

Obadiah son of John Reed, bap. Jan. 13, 1705-6. 

Martha daugh* of Jonathan Carpenter, bap. Feb. 17, 1705-6. 

Eben. son of Eben. Smith, bap. Mar. 17, 1706. 

Nath 1 son of Paul Healy, bap. Mar. 24, 1706. 

Mehitabel daugh. of Sam 1 Cooper, bap. Mar. ult. 1706. 

Elizabeth daugh r of John Streeter, bap. May 19, 1706. 

Benj. son of Jethniel Peck, bap. 26, 1706. 

Martha wife of Elisha Peck, and Nehemiah son of Joseph Buckland, bap. 
July 14, 1706. 

Richard, Sarah children of Henry Joslen, bap. July 28, 1706. 

Elizabeth d. of Benjamin Willson, bap. Aug. 4, 1706. 

Asa son of Jabesh Brown, bap. Aug. 25, 1706. 

Mercy daugh r of Sam 1 Sabin, bap. Sept. 15, 1706. 

Benj., Jonathan sons of Banfield Capron, Stephen son of Noah Car- 
penter, Mary daugh r of Ichabod Bozzard, bap. Sept. 29, 1706. 

David Walker son of Phillip Walker, Sam 1 son of John Follet, & Margret 
daugh r of Joseph Peck, bap. Oct. 13, 1706. 

1861. J Baptisms, from Rehoboth Church Records. 71 

Mary daughter of Abraham Follet, bap. Oct. 20, 1706. 

Ranur daugh 1 of John Pain, bap. Nov. 17, 1706. 

Abijah daugh r of Joseph Titus, bap. Dec. 8, 1706. 

Hannah, daugh r of Ephraim Maye, bap. Feb. 23, 1706-7. 

Bridget daugh r of Henry Joslen, bap. Mar. 16, 1707. 

Daniel son of Nat. Peck, & Sam' son of Samuel Peck, bap. April 13, 1707. 

James son of John Streeter, bap. May 4, 1707. 

John son of John Fuller, bapt. May 18, 1707. 

Bennet son of Joseph Ingraham, bap. June 29, 1707. 

Priscilla wife of Eben. Smith, Constant son of Jonathan Viall, Ebenezer 
son of John Lane, & Jael daugh r of Elisha Peck, bap. July 13, 1707. 

Esther wife of Thorn. Tingley, Sarah daugh of Jonathan Amesbury, 
William son of Will Bishop, Zeruiah daugh 1- of Rich d Bowen, Corne- 
lius son of Abia Carpenter, James son of James Jordan, Patranelle, 
daugh r of Hezekiah Peck, Elizabeth daugh r of Jethniel Peck, Abigail 
daugh'' of Eben. Smith, Abishai son of Jonathan Carpenter, Jona- 
than, Nat., Hannah children of Jonathan ChafTey, Sam 11 son of Benj: 
Willson, Edward, Obad: sons of Obad: Carpenter, Nat. son of Dan} 
Smith, David son of Natln Peck, Henry son of Henry Joslen, Asa son 
of Noah Carpenter, Martha daugh r of Samuel Cooper, Abigail daugh' 
of Dan 1 Per rem, John son of John Shepherdson, Stephen son of 
Stephen Pain, David son of Joseph Buckland, Joseph Buckland, Jun., 
Zach. Carpenter, his wife Martha, his childn Zack. and Keziah, together 
with Caleb son of Goodman Lyon, all bap. April 17, 1709. 

Mary Rowland and Smith her son, Ephraim son of Ephraim Carpenter, 
Ebenezer son of James Jourdan, and Patience daugh 1 " of Deacon Perry, 
all bap. May 1, 1709. 

Daniel Allen and Christian his daugh r , Mercy wife of John Marten, Comfort 
son of Josiah Carpenter, and Phebe daugh r of Joseph Titus, Elizabeth 
wife of Paul Healy, Lydia daugh: of Jabesh Brown, Esther Greenwood, 
Joseph son of Jonathan Vial, Elizabeth daug r of John Follet, Ichabod, 
Beriah children of Dan 1 Reed, John son of John French, Susannah daugh 1 
of Dan 1 Perrem, Ephraim son of Ephraim Maye, Daniel son of Nat. 
Wilmeth, Thomas son of Dan 1 Allen, Sarah daugh r of Sam 1 Cooper, 
Mary wife of James Read, James, Elizabeth, Mercy, Susannah chil- 
dren of James Read, Dorothy daugh r of Nat h ChafTey, Edward son of 
Stephen Pain, Mary daugh r of Noah Carpenter, Ebenezer son of Paul 
Healy, Aaron son of James Read, Ruth daugh r of Benj. Willson, Thorn, 
son of Benj. Vial, Mercy daugh 1 " of Solomon Miller, Solomon servant 
of Is. Peck, Martha daugh 1- of Zach Carpenter, Andrew negro man ser- 
vant of Ensign Ide, Uriel son of Rich' 1 Bowen, Abraham, Abiel children 
of Abia Carpenter, Jonas son of Hen. Dyer, Jonah son of John Titus. 
Urania daugh r of Doct. Bowen, Jerusha daugh 1- of Elisha Peck, Sam 1 , 
Eben., Dorothy & Ruth children of Sam 1 Fuller, Elizabeth daugh of 
Leiv: Hunt, Johanna daugh r of John Smith, Timothy, Ephraim, 
Thomas, Elisab: children of Tho. Tingley, Elizabeth, Mary children of 
Nat 1 Shepherdson, Jonathan son of John Fuller, Caleb, Johannah, 
Dorothy children of Eben. Walker, Hannah daugh r of Noah Peck, 
Henry son of Ich. Boz., Esther daugh r of Jos. Buck, James son of 
James Buck, John son of Jabesh Brown, Abigail, Mary, Esther, 
Rebeckah daugh" of Ensign Dean, Jacob Ide & Sarah his wife, Sam 1 
Tingley, John Ide, Patience Ide, Jacob son of Jonathan Amesbury, 
Dan 1 son of Jonathan ChafTey, Unice daugh 1 of Elisha Peck, Abigail 

72 Baptisms, from Relioboth Church Records. [Jan. 

daugh 1 of Daniel Read, Sarah daugh r of Jacob Ide, Timothy son of 
Sam 1 Fuller, Edward son of Sam 1 Bishop, Jonathan Carpenter, Sarah 
M'ife of Nat. Perry, Sarrn son of N. Read, Ichabod son of Sam 1 
Brown, Josiah, Robert, Sarah, Elizabeth children of Robert Fuller, 
Mary daugh 1 * of Silas Titus, Mehitabel d. of Nat 1 Will mart h, Elizabeth 
daugh r of John Streeter, Benj. son of Jonathan Viall, Mehitabel daugh 1 * 
Nath 1 Peck, Elizabeth daugh r of Dan 1 Allen, Tho. Amesbury son of 
Daniel, Daniel Perrem, Priscilla daugh* of Sam 1 Dave, Elizabeth daugh 1 " 
of Eben. Walker, Eliza. Susan daugh 1 " of George Hill, Jonathan son of 
John Follet, Mary daugh 1 " of Mich. Pullen, Ruth daugh 1 " of Solomon 
Miller, Caleb, Tho., Experience children of Tho. Amesbury, Esther 
daugh 1 " of Dan 1 Smith, Esther dau. of Dan. Reed, Bethya daugh 1 " of Benj. 
Willson, Elizabeth daugh r of Edward Glover; John son of Sam 1 Bliss, 
Hannah daugh 1 " of John French, Ruth daugh 1 " of Sam 1 Walker, Miriam 
daugh 1 " of Jonathan ChafTey, Nat 1 son of Nat 1 Reed, Mary daugh 1 * of Joshua 
Amesbury, Susanna daugh 1 " of Mr. Sam 1 Vial, Tim. son of James Buck- 
land, Mary daugh r Jonathan Bliss, Sarah, Elizabeth d™ of Israel Sabin, 
Sam 1 son of Sam 1 Cooper, Thorn, son of Thorn. Reed, (Inspersion?) 
daugh 1 " of Elisha Peck, Elizabeth daugh 1 " of Jabesh Brown, Nat 1 son of 
Jacob Ide, Solomon son of Nat 1 Peck, Hannah daugh 1 " of Ensign Viall, 
Daniel, Elisha, Jabesh, Eliezar, Bethia child 11 of Dan 1 Carpenter, Han- 
nah daugh r of John Lion, Dan 1 son of Dan 1 Read, Mary daugh r of 
Sam 1 Fuller, Sarah wife of Dan. Brown, Sarah daugh 1 * of Dan 1 Brown, 
Abigail daugh 1 * of Benj: Wilson, Mercy daugh 1 * of Jonathan Amesbury, 
Jonathan son of Joseph Buckland, Hannah daugh 1 * of Sam 1 Woodword, 
Will. Blanding, Will., Elizabeth children of Will. Blanding, Will", 
John, sons of Mich. Pullen, Mary daugh 1 * of John Robinson, Susan, 
George, Nat. son of Nat 1 Willmath, Jane wife of Joseph Titus, John 
son of Sam 1 Thurston, Michael, Stephen children of Joseph Titus, 
Daniel son of Noah Whittaker, Martha daugh 1 * of Eben. Walker, Mary 
daugh 1 " of J. Jordan, Benj. son of Elisha Maye, Eben. son of John 
Titus, John son of John Perren. 

~4- — • ^ »~ 

Dunbar. — " On Wednesday last the Rev. Mr. Samuel Dunbar was ordained Pastor 
of the Church at Stoughton. The Aged & Rev. Mr. Peter Thatcher of Milton gave 
him the Pastoral Charge, & the Rev. Mr. Joshua Gee of this place the Rt. Hand of 
Fel. Mr. Dunbar preach d from I Tim. 3. 1."— .V. Eng. Week. Jour. 20 Nov. 1727. 

" Stoughton, Mar. 14. 1723. On Monday last the Rev. Mr. Dunbar, our beloved 
Pastor had 90 men at work for him, who cut & hewed all the timber needful for the 
building his House ; which we hope will be a motive to other towns to deal thus 
generously by their worthy Ministers." — lb. 18 Mar. 
See Wentwortii. 

Col. Knowlton. — " IMPROMPTU on the Death of Lieutenant-Colonel Knowl- 
ton, of Connecticut, who fell in the Action on Harlem Heights, the 16th of September, 

By [Colonel J. P.] 

'ERE Knowlton lies, the great, the good, the brave. 
Slain on the field, now triumphs in the grave ; 
Thus falls the valiant in the martial strife, 
The coward lives, his punishment is life." 

From a fragment of a volume of poetry, title-page wanted, 

printed near the time. 


1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 73 



[Prepared by Mr. William B. Trask of Dorchester.] 

[Continued from Vol. XIII, p. 338.] 

William Astwicke. — Being in my perfect understanding & memo-rye 
Doe make this my Last will & Testament. My soul 1 giue unto the Lord 
Jesus my Redeemer, & my Body to my friends to be Decently Interred 
by them. Debts due me in this Countrey, as far as may bee, Improued 
for the payment of my debts, so far as it will amount unto, & lest that 
should fall short, my will is that my executor, Mr. John Swinerton, be 
impowered, in case there lack any thing for the Defraying of Charges, 
that then my will is y l Mr. John Swinerton bee, and is by these presents 
fully & absolutely in power to aske, receiue, Demaund & recouer for mee 
the full and just summe of ^20 in the hands of my Loueing [ ] in 

North Hampton, there in old England, that what remaynes, all Charges 
being Defraied heer, that the residue Mr. Swinerton being honestly satis- 
fyed. My Executor is my Louing Friend, Mr. John Swinerton, & my 
Ouerseers, p r my request, is Mr. Danforth & John Palmeter Jr, July 31, 
Witnesse, Edward Denicon William Astwicke. 

John Goodall 
My great Coate, with silver lace & Doublet & Breeches to it, of Broad 
Cloth, I by this will give to Mr. John Swinerton. 

14 Feb. 1665. Mr. Edward Denison deposed. 

Inventory of the Estate taken by Edward Denicon, John Stebbimies. 
Mentions, James Hophton, Nathan Bradley, Jn° Blackman, Thomas Green 
J^, of Maiden; Peter Addams, Th°. Holman, M r . Allcocke, G m . Par- 

John Swinerton, deposed, Feb. 14, 1665 to the estate of W m Astwicke, 
late of Aundle, in North hampton, that Dyed in Rocksburye. 

Robert Blott. — I, Robert Blott, Being in perfect memorye, Doe Make 
this my Last will and testament. I make Edward Ellis, my sonne in Law, 
Husband to Sarah, my Daughter, my Executor, and giue unto him my 
House and the lot belonging thereunto, with all the appurtenances. Also 
my will is, that he pay my Daughters Children, whose names was Wood- 
ford, of Conniticott, £3. My will is, that my sonne Edward Ellis, shall 
giue to my dau. Tosiors children, £1 , and 3 bushells of wheate, & two 
of Indyan Corne, besides, to her Eldest sonne, John Green, Cloth to 
make him a Coate. My will is that the said Edward shall giue to my 
dau. Lovetts Children, of Braintree, £1, and 3 bushells of wheat, and 2 
bushells of Indyan, also to my sonne in Law, Danil Turins Children, 
£8 ; — that my dau. Tosior, & my dau. Louet shall haue halfe the house 
hold stuffe equally Diuided betweene them, and the other halfe to my dau. 
Ellis, also 3 bushells of Maulte to be Diuided Between my three Daugh- 
ters. Also to Daniel Louett my sonne in Law I giue my Best Coate, in 
Witnesse whereof I haue sett to my hand this 27 th of the third Month 
called May 1662. 

74 Abstracts of Early Wills. [Jan. 

I, Edward Ellis by god's helpe shall pay these Legacies, without Fraud 
or guile at or before twelue months after y e Death of my Father in Lawe. 

Ro >ert i [a and Robert Walker, Ouer eers. 

Robert ■(■ Blott. 

Witnesse, Robert Saunderson 
Alexander Baker. 

Boston y e 27 th of March 1665. Whereas since the time specified in 
my will on the other side I haue through gods Fauor & patience liued to 
expend the Corne of seueral Kinds then giuen by Legacye, my will is 
therefore that the aforesaid Legacies so far as Related to the Cora, Do 
Cease and Determine. Also my will is that Daniel Louetts eldest sonne 
haue a remnant of Clothe, that I haue by mee, besides that Cloth before 
mentioned. And further my will is that sicknesse & Funeral charges be 
paid for out of my Houshold stuffe, and the Rest to bee as before is said 
to bee Diuided. Lastly my will is that whereas I haue giuen my house 
and Ground unto my sonne Ellis, my meaning & will is herein only this, 
that it is for the good & Benefit of my Dau. Sara & the children of my 
sonne Ellis by her During their Liues or the suruiver of them ; but my 
meaning is not that it shall at all goe from him otherwise then for their 
Benefitt, & thereby of him in them. I also make my sonne & dau. Ellis 
Executo 1 " of this my whole will & heer unto put my hand being through 
Fauour of competent understanding & memorye. 

Witnesse herunto The marke of -R- Robert Blott. 

John Hull, Alexander Baker. 

Feb. 2, 1665. Mr. Jn° Hull, Robert Saunderson & Alexander Baker 
Deposed. [Liber i. fol. 460.] 

Inventory of the estate taken Aug. 22, 1665, by Alexander Baker, 
William Parson, Theophilus Frarye. [Liber 4, fol. 2 </.] 

1 Feb. 1665 Edward Ellis deposed. 

Peter Hubbard. — 8th June 1665. I, Peter Hubberd now resident in 
the Island of Barbadoes, Marriner, being sick of Body, but of sound and 
perfect minde and memorye, Doe make this my Last will. * * * * 
Debts to be paid. Unto my wife, Susanna Hubberd, and to her heires, 
foreuer, all y* parcell of Land, Conteining by estimation 100 Acres, Ly- 
ing in Hingham, near Coad Pond in New England, w c!l was formerly 
giuen mee by my Father, Cap 1 . Joshnah Hubbard. Unto my said wife, 
my House and ground in Boston. In case my said wife should be with 
Childe and the said Child should liue to yeares of understanding, then my 
minde is, that from & after the Decease of my said Wife Susanna, the 
the said Childe shall haue and enjoy my said house and Ground in Bos- 
ton aforesaid to him or her & his or her heires foreuer. Unto my said 
wife, the remaining part of my estate, both Reall and pcrsonall, as also 
all my Debts, Horses, Marcs, Catle, houshold stuffe, goods & chattells, 
my debts, Legacyes & Funerall expenses being First paid. And my 
further will is, that my wife haue and enjoye all such part & portion of 
Estate as shall fall to mee out of my Father's estate. I appoint my wife 
Executrix of this my Last Will, and my Father Capt. Joshua Hubbard, 
of Hingham, Ensighne John Hull, of Boston, and my Brother, Jacob 
Elliot, to be Executors in Truste of this my Will, Desyring them, as they 
will Answer the same before the Judgment seat of Almighty God, to see 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 75 

this my Last will and Testament performed, according to the true mean- 
ing thereof, as before is Declared. I Likewise Desyre my said wife in 
consideration of the Care & paines which my Executors may haue & 
take upon them in her Behalfe, to giue unto each of them & the rest of 
my Friends and kindred such seuerall Legacyes and summes of Mon *y 
in Remembrance of my Loue as shee, in her Discretion, shall thinke fitt 
and Conuenient. Peter Hubberd. 

In presence of Nath. Hathorne, Nathan Rainsford, 
Beniman Br am. 

Nathan Ransford, aged 24 yeares or thereabouts, sworne, saith that he 
being in the Barbadoes, in the Beginning of June last, uisiting Peter 
Hubberd, Late of Boston, then Lying sicke there, he heard y e sd Peter 
Hubberd Desire Edward Hunt, of said Barbadoes, to write his will, for 
he sayd I Know I shall Dye ; & when the s^ Hunt had writt three or foure 
Lynes from him he caused him to read it to Him, and so did till all was writ- 
ten & reade ouer, and then Caused y e s<J Hunt to read ouer all the whole, 
which he Liked, & Declared that that was his will, Desiring him to get it 
fairly transcribed, & when hee Did this, hee was in his good & perfect 
understanding to the Deponents best Knowledge & Discretion, only adds 
that two Dayes after, when it was brought to the said Peter Hubberd, 
Fairly written ; & hee desired to sighne & seale the same. Hee was then 
present, being not aboue twenty foure houres before his Death, & saw him 
sighne & seale the same, but did not Judge him at y t . Instant to bee 

Sworne by the sd. Nathan Rainsford, 21 Bt Nouember, 1665. 

Edward Rawson Recorder. 

Nathaniel Hathorne, aged twenty sixe yeares, & Benja. Bran, aged 
25yeares or thereabouts, Deposed, that hauing subscribed y r . names to 
the fourth sheete of paper which the Late Peter Hubbard Did sighne & 
seale as his Last will, They were present & did so doe, but at that Instant 
they Judged him not to be Compos Mentis. Taken upon Oath y e 21 st Nou- 
ember 1665. Edward Rawson Recorder. 

May it please the Honoured Court, wee, whose names are underwritten, 
Doe humblye Conceiue that the written will of the Late Peter Hubberd, 
which was brought from Barbadoes, was the true mind and will of the 
said Peter. First, because it is testified by one that was present with 
him in his Sicknesse, that when he was in good memory and understand- 
ing he Desired that his will might be written, & did Dictate to y e scriuener 
what he should write, & Caused the seueral sentences therein to be read 
to him, w ch he did owne & expresse that it was his will, and although 
through the uiolence of his Disease, infirmitie so farr preuailed on him, 
that at that time, when hee Did sighne & seale the same, hee was not 
thought to be Compos mentis, yet we are perswaded to beleiue that it was 
his Reall Will, because there is particular mention of such things as wee 
suppose none there but himselfe knew of. And the substance of the 
written will is the same with w* he had before expressed to us. 

These Deponents say, that the Late Peter Hubberd, at his going away 
to Barbadoes, he Desired us to take notice that if god should take him 
away by Death that he should not haue time to write his will. His will 
was that his wife, Susanna Hubberd, should enjoy all that estate he had 

76 Abstracts of Early Wills. [Jan. 

in this world, or that should bee Coming to him from his Father, Capt. 
Joshua Hubberd. To the truth of this expressed, as spoken lo us by the 
abouesaid Peter Hubbard, wee are readye to be Deposed if the honoured 
Court shall see cause. John Hull 

January 31, 1665. Jacob Elliot 

Theoph. Frayre. 

Jacob Elliot & Theophilus Frayre deposed from the beginning of the 
Interlyne (These Deponents &c.) Edward Rawson Recorder. 

[Will allowed and approved of by the Court.] 

Inventory of the Estate taken by John Thaxter, Thomas Linkhorne. 
Am*. ^197 08. 

Susanna Hubbert, Relict of the Late Peter Hubberd, deposed, 27 tb 
Aprill 1666. 

Ralph Roote. — The Deposition of Jacob Elliot, aged 33 years or there- 
abouts, testifieth & saith, that I, being sent for by Ralph Roote, a few 
Dayes before his Death, in February Last, I went to him & Goodman 
Salter was with him, & he Did Desyre both of us to take notice that Con- 
sidering he had binn Long weake and had experience of the Loue Care 
& Charge of his sonne & Daughter Balston, with whom he liued, there- 
fore, this was his will for the Dispose of his Estate, to giue unto them his 
sonne & Daughter Balston, all that was his, excepting ten shillings to his 
Daughter Jeanne Buttell, and fiue shillings to his Daughter at Linn, & the 
Rest whatsoeuer to his sonne & Daughter Balston. Taken upon Oath 
before the Gouernour & Major Generall & Recorder the 29 th of March 
1666, as Attests Edward Rawson Recorder. 

Power of Administration to the Estate of Ralph Roote, is graunted to 
James Balston, to performe this nuncupative will as neer as may be. 

Edward Rawson Recorder. 

Inventory of the Estate of Ralph Roote, Deceased, taken 27 : 1 m° 
1666, by Jacob Elliott, Theophilus Frayre. Am 1 =£21-19-6. March 
29, 1666. James Balston deposed to the estate of his Late Father in 
Lawe, Ralph Roote. 

Jane Woodcock, widow, declare this to be my Last will. As for those 
temporall goods that God hath bestowed upon me, my minde is, that my 
sonne, W m . Bey, shall be possessed of them, and in Case he bee dead, 
my will is that his heires bee possessed of them, & in Case in fiue yeares 
there be no newes Concerning him, neither by Letter nor Coming, then 
my mind and will is, that my Execut" & Ouerseers shall haue it. I ap- 
point my Friend, John Cleuerly, of Braintree, in the County of SufTolke, 
in New England, to be my Execuf. & Richard Bar nam & Joseph Webb, 
of Boston, in the same County, to be Ouerseers. 

16th March 1665-6. Jane -y Woodcock. 

1 giue one shilling to Richard Brook. 
Sighned, sealed, in the presence of us, 

William Read, Franers Franersco. 
8th May 1666. William Read, Deposed. 

Henry Shrimpton.* — I, Henry Shrimpton, Brasier, of Boston, weake 
in Body, but in perfect memory & understanding, declare this to be my 

* See an extended account of the Shrimpton family in Sumner's History of East 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 77 

Last Will. My Just debts both in Old England & and New, & funerall 
Charges be first Discharged. My Will is, that my Cousinne, Mary 
S!iri?iipton daughter of my Late Brother Edward Shrimpton, De- 
ceased, be paid the remainder of her portion according to her Father's 
will, with Interest at sixe in the Hundred. My Will is, that the two 
thousand pound giuen by my fore mentioned Brother, Ed w . Shrimp- 
tons [to his] fiue youngest Children, that is to say, Ebenezer, Epafras, 
Silas, Elisabeth fy Lidya Shrimpton, be put out to Interest, and gooa Se- 
curity taken for it, and they to be allowed for their Maintenance out of 
the produce of it according to Contract with my Sister, their Mother. To 
my wife, Mary Shrimpton, £40 p r . an, in New England Mony, yearly, 
during her Life. I haue freely allowed her all the Estate she had before 
shee was my Wife, the w ch she haue had the Disposall of untill this 
Day, whither it bee Houses or Lands, goods or Chattels ; neither do I 
allow any of my heires to Molest her in any part therof. To my sonne 
Samuell Shrimpton, £500 & my now Dwelling House, & all the outhouses 
& woodyeards belonging] therunto, together with all my tools for pew- 
ter & Brasse, with my Warehouse situated in the Lane below the House 
of Capt. James Oliuer ; also, I giue him my pasture in the Northe End of 
the town, Scituated Between Goodman Bennet fy Goodman Bernard, to 
him and his heires foreuer. But in Case he shall dye without heires, then 
the s d Dwelling house with warehouse & pasture are to be sold & equally 
Diuided between my four Daughters, Sarah Shrimpton, Abigail, Bethiah 
Sf Elisabeth Shrimpton, or as many of them that shall suruive with their 
heires, for I haue giuen my sonne, Samuel Shrimpton, already <£500, with 
Household stufTe, since he haue been Marryed, w ch is the Reason y* I 
giue him no more in this my Will. I farther will that my sonne, Samuell, 
shall haue i£1000, wherby he may be Enabled to pay the forty pounds a 
year that 1 haue giuen to my Wife, to be paid her During her Life, after 
which, my Sonne, Samuell, shall enjoy the whole thousand pounds to 
himselfe & his heires ; but, in Case hee be dead & without heires, then 
the thousand pounds shall bee equally Divided between his four sisters & 
their heires that doth suruive ; I mean, all the heires of one of the Sisters 
shall haue but the part of one of the sisters. I giue to my four Daugh- 
ters, =£1000 apiece, for their portion to be Disposed of & Improved at the 
Discretion of my Ourseers, vntill they come to the age of 20 yeares or 
their Day of Marriage. I giue unto my dau. Sarah Shrimpton, the House 
Called formerly the states armes, with all the outhouses, yards stabls & all 
the priuiledges belonging] therunto, to her and her heires foreuer ; but, 
in case shee Dye without Heires, then it shall be sold & Diuided equally 
between the Brothers & Sisters & their heires that shall suruiue. To my 
dau. Abigail Shrimpton, my Garden & Garden house & all the appurten- 
ances, &c£300 to build a House. To my dau. Bethiah Shrimpton, <£400, 
to buy her a peice of ground & to build her a House. [To his dau. 
Elisabeth, the same as to Bethiah. Provision is made in regard to all his 
dau rs that if either dye without heires their property shall be sold and 
equally divided between the brother & sisters & and their heires that shall 
suruiue.] In case either of my dau" marry Contrary to the good Lik- 
ing of my Ouerseers, then I Impower them to Distribute the aforesaid 
.£1000, giuen for her portion to the Rest of my Children, then Liuing, 
equally to be diuided. But this power shall not reach to Depriue any of 
them of their Interest in their Executrixshippe, or of any other Legacies, 
the w ch I shall further giue unto them in this my Last will. I further 
giue unto my 4 dau rs all my Household goods, to be equally Diuided 

78 Abstracts of Early Wills. [Jan. 

among them, or to as many of them as shall bee aliue at my Death. I 
appoint my 5 children, Executor & executrixes of this my Last will, & 
giue unto them equally to be Diuided between them all the ouerplus of 
my Estate after all Debts & Legacies shall bee paid ; & in Case any shall 
be dead afore they come to the age of 21 yeares or be Marryed, then the 
share of the Deceased shall be equally Diuided among those that suruiue. 
I giue to my sister, Elizabeth Shrimpton, wife to my Brother, Edward 
Shrimpton, Deceased, £10, as also to the seven Children of my late 
Brother, Edward Shrimpton (that is to say, Jonathan Shrimpton, Mary 
Shrimpton, Ebenezer, Epafras, Silas, Elisabeth $f Lydya Shrimpton, 
£10 apiece, all to be paid heer, in New England money ; & my Desyre 
is, that if there shall appear any error or mistake in y e accompts of my 
aforsd. sister or her Children, that it may bee made good unto them. I 
giue to the Church of Boston, wherof I am a meber, £50 in money or 
goods at Money price ; & to the town of Boston, ,£50 in the like pay, 
prouided that they will giue leaue that I may be buried in the tombe 
wherin my former wife, Ellenor Shrimpton, was buried, otherwise I 
giue nothing. To my Bro. & Sister Fletcher, £20 apiece, & to Mr. Jn° 
Wilson, pastor, now of y e church of Boston, =£10, if hee bee then a Liue, 
also, 1 giue to Mr. Powell, ruling Elder of the other Church, £10, if he 
be then Liuing. To my Seruant, Mary East, if then liuing with me, 
,£10, as also to her sister, Elisabeth, £5 ; to my servant W m Mumford, 
£5 ; [that sum to each, if then living with him.] To my Seruant, Crechly, 
50 shillings. I giue to the Society of Christians that doth now Meet at 
Nodles Island, of w ch is Gold & Osborn, and the rest, ten pound as a 
token of my Loue, as also £5, apiece, to my Friends, Mrs. Elisabeth 
Scott, & M rs . Sandys, VVidowes, as also to Sister Blancheil, widow, £5. 
In case it shall fall out that my estate shall be lesfied by the prouidence 
of God, either by fire, or by any Disaster at Sea, and therby shall not 
reach to the full performance of this my will, then my Will is, that euery 
Legacye Contained therin shall be abated accordingly. I Request & 
appoint my Louing Brother, Edw. Fletcher, Mr. Hezekiah Usher, and 
M r Thomas Lake, with Mr. Peter Oliuer, to be Ouerseers of this my 
Last will & testament, and do Intreat them to take the Care of my chil- 
dren & of their estates, and to Improue them for y dr Best advantage, as 
also that they Dispose of my Children for their Education either 
to their Aunt Fletcher or some other godly Family, where they may bee 
Brought vp in the fear of the Lord ; & I also desyre their assistance in 
all other Matters that are concerning this my will, & doe giue them as 
a token of my Loue, £20 apiece, to be pd. in Money or goods at Money 
price, within one year after my Decease, and do giue them as full & 
ample power in all things as any Ouerseers by Law Canne be Capable 
of. Witnesse my Hand & Seal, 17th 5 mo 1666." Henry Shrimpton. 

Witnesse Jn° Alcocke, Edmond Eddenden, Thomas Bumstead. 

Aug 1 4, 1666. Edmond Eddenden & Tho. Bumstead, deposed. 

Inventory of the estate taken 24th July 1666 [Lib. v. fol. 15, sixteen 
pages,] by Anthony Stoddard, William Dauis, Thomas Bumstead. 
Ami. £ 11979 2 4|. Estate indebted, £5743 19 7. Funeral charges, 
£J34 5s. 6d. 

6th Feb. 1666. Mr. Samuel Shrimpton deposed to his father's inven- 

(To be Continued.) 

1861.] The Chipman Family. 79 

[Communicated by Rev. R. Manning Chipman, of Wolcottville, Ct.] 

The surname Chipman is of local origination ; Cyppanhamme, in Bos- 
worth's Anglo-Saxon Dictionary ; Chepeham, Chipeham, etc., in Dooms- 
day Book. l Chipham or Chipenham ' and 4 Chippenham,' is in co. Wilts.; 
4 Chippenham,' in co. Bucks.; and ' Chippenham,' in co. Camb., England. 
The term purports market-town, emporium. 

Willielmus de Chipenham, (William Chipman,) was chief of the 
" jurors," in modern phrase was Chairman of the Board of Commission- 
ers, who took the " survey," or census and inventory, of the very exten- 
sive and opulent Monastery of Ely, England, the registry of which is 
now among the Cottonian Manuscripts in the British Museum, marked 
Tiberias A. VI., and in the printed copy of the Doomsday Book, forms a 
part of Vol. II., viz., the Inquisitio E/iensis. From that epoch, A. D. 
10^5, this family, thus territorially surnamed, has continued. 

See l Chipenham or Chipnam,' ' Chippenham or Chipman,' and ; Chip- 
man,' with various armorial bearings, in Burke's General Armory. The 
armorial bearings, as transmitted through the early generations in this 
country, are of that branch of the general family which by heraldic vis- 
itations is recorded as of Bristol, England. 

A synopsis of the Chipman Family in America is here given. 

1. Thomas Chipman, allied to and escheated by ' Christopher Derby, 
gentleman,' of Dorchester, in Dorsetshire, Eng., owned property in 
Whitchurch of Marshwood Vale, co. Dors., and died in Bryan's-Piddle, 
co. Dors., Eng. (Of this, see more fully in N. E. H. G. Reg., vol. iv, 
No. I, p. 22.) His only son was : 

2. John Chipman, born 1613-14, who came to Boston, Ms., in 1631 ; 
married Hope Howland, a daughter of Mr. John Howland and of his wife 
Elizabeth, who, with said John Howland and her parents Mr. John Ti 1 lie 
and his wife, was landed on the famed Rock at Plymouth, Ms., in 1620. 
Mr. Chipman first lived at Yarmouth, Ms., where his first child was born, 
24 June, 1647 ; afterward at Barnstable (Marshes, now West Barnstable), 
Ms., where were born his eleven other children. He was often a Select- 
man, a Deputy, (Representative,) and otherwise in public service. He 
was a Ruling-Elder in the Congregational Church of said Barnstable ; 
(which was originally formed in London, Eng., 1602, and of which the 
part that remained in England is still the Southwark Church in that city.) 
He died at his younger son's or at his second wife's house, in Sandwich, 
Ms., 7 April, 1708. His first wife, the mother of all his children, having 
not long survived her father, deceased 8 Jan. 1683-84. At least five of 
his daughters were married. By two sons, his eldest and only other son 
having died in infancy, have descended from him several thousand per- 
sons, including all ; two thousand are in due order registered, who on this 
continent hear his surname. 

3. (A.) Samuel Chipman, born 15 April, 1661, succeeded to the pa- 
ternal estate in Barnstable, Ms., which, never conveyed otherwise than by 
inheritance in the male line of descent, his descendant of the fifth gen- 
eration, Mr. William Chipman, now occupies. Said Samuel Chipman 
was a Deacon in the Church of (West) Barnstable. He married, 27 Dec. 
1686, Sarah Cob, a daughter of Henry Cob, of Plymouth, &c, and niece 

80 The Chipman Family. [Jan. 

of Thomas Hinckley, the last Governor of Plymouth Colony. The eldest 
child of said Samuel was Thomas Chipman, of Groton, Ct., and Salis- 
bury, Ct., who, in the latter place a Deacon of the Cong. Church, died, 
Chief Judge of the Litchfield County Court, 5 Aug., 1752. Grandsons to 
said Thomas were Nathaniel Chipman, LL. D., the first U. S. Senator 
and a Chief Justice of Vermont, and Daniel Chipman, LL. D., recently 
deceased, Member of Congress from Vermont, Professor of Law in Mid- 
dlebury College ; the oldest and the youngest, these of six brothers distin- 
guished as public men. The third child and son of said Samuel was John 
Chipman, born 16 Feb., 1690-91, graduated at Harv. Col., 1711, pastor 
in Beverly, Ms., from 1715 to 1775, who, by his first wife Rebecca, 
daughter of Doct. Robert Hale and grand-daughter of Rev. John Hale, both 
of Beverly, Ms., had fifteen children, three of whom were : John Chip- 
man, Esq., of Marblehead, Ms., barrister, whose daughter Elizabeth was 
the wife of Hon. William Gray, of Salem and Boston, Lt. Gov. of Mas- 
sachusetts, and whose son Hon. Ward Chipman, Sen., deceased, Presi- 
dent of New Brunswick, 1824, was the father of Hon. Ward Chipman, 
Jr., LL. D., lately deceased, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of that 
Province : Capt. Samuel Chipman, of Salem, Ms., a great-grandfather of 
the writer of this sketch : Joseph Chipman, of Beverly, Ms., whose 
widow, lately deceased there, left two, his only children, who now are not 
past middle age. The tenth and youngest child of Samuel Chipman, the 
first above mentioned, was Barnabas Chipman ; deceased, a Deacon in 
the Church at (West) Barnstable, Ms., 1758-59 ; grandfather of the late 
Gen. Timothy Fuller Chipman, of Shoreham, Vt., whose son, now resi- 
dent there, is Hon. Isaac Chipman. 

3. (B.) John Chipman, born 3 March, 1669-70, married (1) Mary, 
daughter of Capt. [Steven?] Skiffe, of Sandwich, Ms.; (2) Elizabeth, 
daughter of Capt. Thomas Handley, she having previously been widow 
Pope and widow Russell ; (3) " Hookey " [probably Hoxie,of Dart- 
mouth, Ms.] Said John Chipman resided at Sandwich, Ms., a Represen- 
tative thence to the General Court of Massachusetts, in 1719; in Chil- 
mark, Ms., there a Justice of the " Court of Common Pleas," in 1722 ; 
and in Newport, R. I., where, First of the Court of Assistants, he died 
4 Jan., 1756. The fourth son and sixth child of said John Chipman was 
Perez, who died in Sussex co., Del., 1780-81, ancestor of the Chipmans 
of that State, and through his son " Paris" [Perez, Jr.], of the Chipmans 
in North Carolina, and most of those in the Southwestern States. The 
sixth and youngest son, the eleventh and youngest child but one of said 
John Chipman, his second wife's elder child, was Handley Chipman, Esq., 
who removed from Newport, R. I., to Cornwallis, N. S., in 1761. He 
married (1) Jane, daughter of Col. John Allen, of Martha's Vineyard, 
and of his wife Mrs. Margaret Allen, whose father was the patriarch, Rev. 
William Homes, of Chilmark, Ms.; (2) Nancy, daughter of (an emigrant 
to N. S. from Ct.,) Stephen Post. Holding the office of Judge of Pro- 
bate, said Handley Chipman died 27 May, 1799. Of his eight children 
by his first wife, the oldest, Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of William Dexter, of 
Providence, R. I., died 9 Feb. 1761 ; the next in age, Mrs. Margaret, wife 
of Richard Bacon, of Providence, R. I., died " a few days before her 
father emigrated to N. S.," 7 May, 1761. Of his six children 
by his second wife, the fourth was Capt. Zachariah Chipman, born 
20 March, 1779, d. July, 1860 ; the fifth is Hon. Major Chipman, 
born 4 Dec. 1780, still resident in Lawrencetown, N. S.; the sixth was 

1861.] The Sheldon Family. 81 

Stephen Chipman, Esq., born 28 June, 1784, who, dying in Annapolis, 
N. S., 5 May, 1849, left a daughter, born 24 July, 1848, whose youngest 
brother, the next to herself in age, was born 9 Aug. 1809, and whose 
cousin-german, Rev. William Chipman, of Pleasant Valley, Cornwallis, 
N. S., was born 29 Nov. 1781, and is the father of twenty-one children, 
seven daughters, fourteen sons, of which, besides the late lamented Prof. 
Isaac Chipman, of Acadia College, N. S., was Doct. Joseph Chipman, of 
Pictou, N. S., born 28 Dec. 1803, deceased (by a casualty) 25 Jan. 
1839, and is Homes Chipman, born 22 Dec. 1850. 

Since the older sons of Judge Handley Chipman went with him to 
Nova Scotia some fifteen years previously to the beginning of the Ameri- 
can revolutionary war, and since all persons named Chipman resident 
there were or are his posterity, it is obvious that none of this surname 
in that Province are correctly enumerated as " American Loyalists." 
The elder Hon. Ward Chipman, who at his death was President of the 
Province of New Brunswick, was the only person, thus surnamed, who 
became a Loyalist Refugee. 

In the list of individuals presented above, will have been noticed in- 
stances of vigorous longevity. These cases will become more apparent, 
it may be, by the inquiries following : — 

Except the one above specified, what child twelve years old is able to 
say with truth, " The parents of my father's great-grandfather came to 
America in the Mayflower, with John Carver and his company. 1 ' Ex- 
cept her uncle above specified, what person now survives who can truth- 
fully affirm : " Two great grand-parents of my father, were among those 
who in 1620 landed on Plymouth Rock ;" and, " My great-grandfather 
lived more than two hundred and forty-six years ago ;" and, "Of n^ 
father's uncle's son there lives a great-grandson's grandson's child with 
whom I may chat to-day." Is there a second instance of a New England 
emigrant-ancestor born earlier than 1615, whose descendants, contempo- 
raries in 1860, embrace the fourth and the ninth with the intermediate 
generations, and bear the same surname which he bore ? 

Sheldon Family. — Rev. H O. Sheldon of Sidney, ()., is revising:, after a tour of 
seven months, his (Tenealogy of the Sheldon Family, for a new Edition. He aims to 
have all the descendants from Isaac, John, and William, who emigrated, hoth male and 
female branches. He is particularly desirous, and will be grateful to obtain the names 
and residences, with year of birth and death, and names of their companions (if mar- 
ried) of the following : — 

Judah Hutchinson, who m. Mary Bridgeman, b. 1672, d. 1748. 
Samuel Parsons, who m. Mary Sheldon, b. 1690. 
John Chapin, who m. Sarah Bridgeman, who was b. 1682. 
Hezekiah Root, who m. Martha Bridgeman, b. 1690. 

Bancroft, of Westficld, Mass., m. Hannah Bridgeman, b. 1693. 

Luke Noble, m. Ruth Wright, b. 1687. 
Samuel Phelps, m. Mary Edwards, b. 1686. 
John Wait, m. Esther Edwards, b. '691. 
Thomas Star, m Hannah Edwards, b. 1703. 
Samuel Dwight, m. Mary Lyman, b. 1695. 
John Morgan, m. Hannah Chapin, b. 1690. 
John Horton, m. Mary Chapin, b. 1705. 

Ezra Day, m. (d'au. of Wm. Sheldon,) b. ab. 1762, in R. I. 

Elisha Chapin, b. 1707. He was a Capt. in an Indian War. 


82 Book Notices. [Jan. 


Acts of the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England. 
Edited by David Pulsifer. Vol. I., 1643—1651. Boston : 1859. 
Folio, pp. xvii: 237. Vol. II., 1653—1679. Boston: 1860. pp. 
x : 492. 

The best means of mutual intercourse between free states and of mutual protection 
of their common interests, has been the study of statesmen in all times. There is no 
record of the earliest meetings of the federal Congress in the village of Anthela, where 
the Amphictyonic League held its councils ; and from that period, which lies back of 
authentic annals, down to the present time, history presents no more instructive or in- 
teresting subject of inquiry than the rise and ruin of the many attempts to confederate 
free communities in amity and safety. 

In less than twenty years after the organization of the democratic government in the 
cabin of the Mayflower the four New England colonies felt the necessity of a " confed- 
eration," and "in anno 1638, there was a meeting at Cambridg about it, but some 
things being then propounded inconvenient for the lesser colonies, that conference ended 
without fruit, and the foure jurisdictions, though knit together in affections, stood in 
reference to one another loose and free from any express covenant or combination till " 
1643, when the union or confederation was formed, whose records fill the magnificent 
volumes named above, now published by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, under 
the able and faithful supervision of Mr. Pulsifer. These two volumes of our Records 
may, with truth, be said to be " edited." There is no sham about it. Before the or- 
ganization of any State Historical Society, Mr. Ebenezer Hazard began the preservation 
of American state papers, and authentic historical documents. In 1792 he published the 
first quarto volume of his "Historical Collections/' at Philadelphia, and in 1794 the 
second volume of the series appeared. From that time the name of Hazard has been 
a familiar authority in works of American history. The student of this day, in the 
now deep and general interest in historical learning, will not fail to do honor to the 
memory and services of this distinguished pioneer, who then stood almost " solitary 
and alone," in his devotion to these pursuits, the value of which was appreciated much 
in the same degree that the impertinent questions of the census-taker now are by the 
simple-minded dame, who wonders what can be the use of such inquiries. 

Mr. Hazard gratefully acknowledged the " approbation and patronage of Congress," 
though their favors were small, and hoped that by " laying a foundation he might 
induce others to prosecute the work." The second volume of his " Collections " con- 
tains the first printed copy of these records of the confederation, and a comparison of 
his text with that of Mr. Pulsifer's volumes excites admiration at his remarkable gen- 
eral fidelity to the original : yet Mr. Pulsifer's perfect familiarity with early writing en- 
ables him to read the sometimes very perplexing chirography of the manuscript records, 
and has now secured a literal copy, one which may be quoted with absolute safety. 

The history of the confederacy is briefly but clearly set forth in the Editor's preface, 
and we can heartily commend his diligence, judgment and trustworthiness, manifest in 
these volumes. 

With what satisfaction, if not enthusiasm, would the venerable Hazard behold the 
lahors of his successors, Brodhead, O'Callaghan, Trumbull, Hoadly, Bartlett, and the 
editor of these volumes,* and the wise liberality of the States in opening to the world 
their rich archives, showing the rise and progress of free institutions. ** 

History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Ann, including the Town of 
Rockport [Massachusetts.'] By John J. Babson. Gloucester : Pub- 
lished by Proctor, Brothers. ]860. 8vo. pp. 610. 

It has been a good while known that Mr. Babson was engaged on a history of Glou- 
cester, and all those acquainted with him anticipated seeing a work, not only creditable 

* But what would the venerable Hazard have said, had lie witnessed what we have 
had evidence of, namely, the destruction of several cart-loads of his " Collections," 
bv those Philadelphians into whose hands they happened to fall after his death ! And 
had he stood in a Philadelphia book-store by the side of the editor of this periodical, 
thirty-one years ago, he might have seen him purchase copies of his Historical Collec- 
tions for twenty-five cents a volume ! ! At this day ten dollars a volume or twenty 
dollars a set is not considered beyond their value. — Editor. 


Book Notices. 83 

to himself, but highly so to our already creditable local history; and we now take plea- 
sure in making a permanent record of Mr. Babson's entire success in the work before 

There is, accompanying Mr. Babson's volume, a fine map of the section of country 
of which the history is given ; and he has also given us an Index to his work, so impor- 
tant to all books of reference. As local histories are valuable, chiefly for reference, 
such works without good indexes are almost valueless to many. 

It may be pretty safely asserted that the principal importance of local histories lies in 
the genealogical materials contained in them, and that to this cause is owing the mul- 
tiplicity of them within comparatively a few years. Indeed the call for such works at 
the office of the Register, being very considerable, is almost entirely owing to the 
family history contained in them ; and the demand for them is in proportion to that kind 
of matter. We would therefore suggest to all persons engaged in the preparation of 
local histories, to look well to that department of their labors. Some persons will 
doubtless expect to find more family history in Mr. Babson's work than he has thought 
it prudent to give ; but Mr. Babson has given us a good deal, and probably thought a 
separate work on the Cape Ann genealogies could only satisfy inquirers into that 
branch of his subject. 

Result of some Researches among the British Archives for information 
relative to the Founders of New England; made in the years 1858, 
1859 and 1860. Originally collected for and published in the New 
England Historical and Genealogical Register, and now corrected and 
enlarged. By Samuel G. Drake, late President of the New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society. Boston : 186U. 4to. pp. 131. 

In the book before us, Mr. Drake has given us what has long been a desideratum with 
genealogists, a copy of every list of passengers for New England in the seventeenth 
century, that could be found in England or America, except the well-known lists of the 
first comers to Plymouth. He has been very careful in copying these lists from the 
original manuscripts, so that their accuracy may be relied on. He has also added a 
large number of lists of passengers for the British West Indies and some for Virginia, 
— a part of whom no doubt afterwards came to New England. Some we know did. 
Four separate indexes — of passengers, of other persons, of places and of ships — are 
given, rendering it very easy to consult the work for any of the purposes for which it is 

The book has been printed in a superior manner by Messrs. Henry W. Dutton & 
Son, and embellished with portraits of those early American navigators, Sir Francis 
Drake and Capt. John Smith ; and with a " Map of New England " in 1625, — a fac 
simile of one in "Pvrchas his Pilgrimes" printed that year, — showing, as Mr. Drake 
remarks, "these parts of America as they were represented to our fathers at the period 
of their emigration." 

Much information relative to tlie British records that will interest those who desire to 
trace their ancestry in the mother country, is given, besides other matter of an histori- 
cal character. The Commission to Archbishop Laud and other, for governing New 
England, dated 1634, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges's Commission as Governor of New 
England in 1637, are given in full. Some new matter relative to the pedigree of Sir 
Fernando will also be found here. 

The work is dedicated to John Barstow, Esq., of Providence, R. I., one of the Vice 
Presidents of the N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society, "as a tribute justly due for his 
interest in, and encouragement of, the objects of that Society." 

Only a small edition of the work has been published, we learn, and it will probably 
soon become difficult to obtain copies. — Transcript Sup., 1st Dec, 1860. 

Genealogical History of the Redfield Family in the United States. By 
John Howard Redfield. Being a Revision and Extension of the 
Genealogical Tables, compiled in 1839, by William C. Redfield. 
Albany : New York : 1860. pp. 337. 

This work, we have no hesitation in believing, was originally undertaken, and after 
wards continued, by the Messrs. Redfield, for the love of the subject, and for the satis- 
faction which the knowledge obtained in its pursuit afforded. The work is well indexed, 
and the arrangement of the whole clear and methodical. One very attractive feature 
of the volume is the great number of finely engraved portraits which are interspersed 
throughout it. 

84 Book Notices. [Jan. 

In preparing genealogical works, brevity is very important, and yet abbreviations 
beyond certain established limits are vexatious, and otten intolerable. The abbrevia- 
tions employed in Mr. Kedfield's work are judicious ; but he might have saved a large 
amount of typography by dispensing with the too frequent repetition of surnames. 
For example, if John and Mary Clarke have a dozen children, it is all sufficient if we 
give their baptismal or christian names ; for it adds nothing to clearness to write 
Clarke twelve times in recording the names of those children, when they immediately 
follow the names of their parents. 

T)ie Pulpit of the American Revolution : or, Political Sermons of the 
Period of 1776. With an Historical Introduction, Notes and Illus- 
trations. By John Wingate Thornton, A. M. Boston : Gould 
& Lincoln, 1860. 12mo. pp. 537. 

The above work, announced by Messrs. Gould & Lincoln, in their trade-list for Jan- 
uary, 1859, and now issued, is an elegant specimen of typography. It will be perused 
with particular interest in these times of political excitement. Mr. Thornton shows 
that the preaching of politics is coeval with our colonization, and that the pulpit has 
always exercised an important influence in our civil affairs. "The Fathers," he asserts, 
"did not divorce politics and religion, but they denounced the separation as ungodly. 
They prepared for the [Revolutionary] struggle, and went into battle, not as soldiers of 
fortune, but, like Cromwell and the soldiers of the Commonwealth, with the Word of 
God in their hearts, and trusting in him- This was the secret of that moral energy 
which sustained the Republic in its material weakness against superior numbers and 
discipline and all the power of England." 

Only a selection from the published sermons of the Revolution could of course be 
given in the limits of a single volume ; but in his Introduction and Notes, Mr. Thorn- 
ton has given characteristic extracts from many others. The sermons selected are : 
Rev. Dr. Mayhew's Sermon, Jan. 30, 1750, the anniversary of the execution of Charles 
I. ; Rev. Dr. Chauney's Thanksgiving Sermon on the Repeal of the Stamp Act, 1766 ; 
Rev. Samuel Cooke's Election Sermon, 1770; Rev. William Gordon's Thanksgiving 
Sermon, 1774; Rev. Dr. Langdon's Election Sermon, at Watertown, 1775; Rev. 
Samuel West's Election Sermon, 1776; Rev. Phillips Payson's Election Sermon, 
1778; Rev. Simeon Howard's Election Sermon, 1780; and Rev. Dr. Stiles's Election 
Sermon, 1783, "the United States exalted to Glory and Honor." 

Mr. Thornton shows great learning and research in the editorial matter, which is 
quite full and satisfactory. The Introduction affords a general survey of the history of 
New England in the relation of the Pulpit to the State ; its origin and progress and its 
results on popular education and enlightenment, especially in the elementary principles 
of free government, and in sound Christian culture. 

An excellent and comprehensive index adds greatly to the value of the work as a 
book of reference. A portrait of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, " that true lover of 
liberty and Christian patriot," which forms the frontispiece of the volume, and an en- 
graving of the stamp of 1765, on the title page, "fitly introduce these Sermons of the 

Rehoboth in the Past. An Historical Oration delivered on the Fourth 
of July, 1860. By Sylvanus Chase Newman, A. M. . . . Also, an 
Account of the Proceedings in Seekonk, [The Ancient Rehoboth,] at 
the Celebration of the Day, completing 216 years of its History. 
Pawtucket: 1860. 8vo. pp. 112. 

Mr. Newman has given us a very interesting production in the pages before us. He 
was well qualified for this service, having for many years devoted his time to the inves- 
tigation of the history of Rhode Island and Rhode Island families. In a large Appen- 
dix he has given the proceedings and speeches at the celebration, and accompanied the 
whole by an Index. 

The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the year 
1860. Boston : Crosby, Nichols & Co., 1860. 12mo. pp. 392. 

This is one of the most useful as well as convenient annuals issued in any country. 
Notwithstanding the vast increase of every State in the Union during the thirty years 
of its issue, to say nothing of the new States which have beeu added, it is still within a 


Book Notices. 85 

reasonable and manageable compass. The American Almanac is so well known, that 
any account of its contents is unnecessary. We hope its future issue will not suffer in 
magnitude, or its contents in importance, by the loss of any portion of territory, the 
statistics of which it has thus far comprehended. 

A Historical Discourse, delivered at the Hundredth Anniversary of the 
Organization of the Second Congregational Church, Norwich, Conn., 
July 24, 1860. With an Appendix. By Alvan Bond, D. D. I860. 
8vo. pp. 64. 

Everything relating to the old town of Norwich is interesting to New England peo- 
ple. It was one of the early hives whence have issued swarms of industrious and 
intelligent people. Dr. Bond has long known Norwich, and well knows its history, and 
has turned his knowledge to good account in the Discourse before us. He is a relative of 
the late Henry Bond, M. D., of Philadelphia, and shared with him much of that anti- 
quarian taste which gained for that lamented author an enviable reputation. The 
work is published in fine style in all respects. In the Appendix are statistical matters 
of much interest. 

The New Hampshire Annual Register and United States Calendar, for 
the year 1861. By G. Parker Lyon. No. XL.— No. XVII. New 
Series Concord : G. P. Lyon. 1860. 18mo. pp. 168. 

It would be only a repetition to say that this number of the New Hampshire Register 
is fully equal to any of its predecessors. In years not far gone by we used to see pages 
devoted to obituaries of revolutionary soldiers, "lately deceased in New Hampshire." 
There are none now — all have passed away. 

History of the Council of Nice : A World^s Christian Convention, 
A 2). 325. By Dean Dudley. Boston : 1860. 8vo. pp.86. 

This "Work upon the Nicene Council is one of a good deal of research, and at the 
same time proves the author to be a scholar of varied learning. It will be found a very 
convenient manual for those desirous to investigate the transactions of the early Chris- 
tians. The work is gotten up in a very handsome style. 

The Old Bureau, and other Tales. By D. C. Colesworthy. Boston : 
1861. 12mo. pp. 408. 

Like the preceding, the Old Bureau is quite out of our line of notice, but we take 
pleasure in calling the attention of our readers to this series of tales and sketches, be- 
cause they are well and correctly written, and disclose an active and benevolent mind. 

The History of Harwintnn, Connecticut. By R. M. Chipman. Hart- 
ford : 1860. 8vo. pp. 152. 

The learned author of the work before us has most appropriately dedicated it to the 
New England Historic-Genealogical Society. Harwinton is in the County of Litch- 
field, 23 miles west of Hartford. We may seek in vain for the origin of the name of 
this New England town among the topographies of England, for it is a name manufac- 
tured out of others, namely of Hartford and Windsor ; take the first three letters of 
each and add ton to them and you have Har-win-ton. 

Mr. Chipman has brought a good deal of research to bear on his subject, and has 
done a good service to the cause of local history. 

-4 -••«»- ► 

New Local History. — Dean Dudley, Esq., has made extensive collections of ma- 
terials for a history of Exeter, New Hampshire. He proposes to issue it as soon as 
five hundred subscribers can be obtained at two dollars a copy. Such a work is very 
much wanted, and Mr. Dudley's ability to produce it is well known. 

Queries. — What was the maiden surname of Mary, wife of Joshua Bracket, of 
Greenland village, Portsmouth, who was married about 1690 ? 

Who were the parents or other relatives of Frances Clarke, the second wife of Rev. 
John Rayner ? Was she maid or widow before she married Mr. Rayner ? 



Quarterly Obituary. 




Bartlett, Enoch, Roxbury, June 25, sa. 
81. Mr. B. was one of the pioneer mem- 
bers of the Mass. Horticultural Society, 
(established in 1829) and for many years 
one of its Vice Presidents. The " Bart- 
lett pear " was named in honor of Mr. 
Bartlett, having first been introduced 
from Great Britain into the garden which 
he afterwards purchased. It was then 
thought to be a seedling, and conse- 
quently called the " Bartlett." His lands 
and residence were situated near " Rox- 

Bostwick, Joel, Morris, Litchfield Co. Ct. 
29 Sept. ae. 83. His descent from Ar- 
thur Bostwick, who was of Stratford, 
previous to 1650, is as follows : — 

Arthur, d. 

1687== 1st wife 

John, d. 


Mary Brinsmade. 
b. July 24, 1640. 

John, b. May 4, 1667, == Abigail . 

John, b , 1689, = Mercy Bushnell. 

m. Jan. 30, 1712, 
d. June 12, 1741. 

Benajah, b. Feb. 8, = Hannah Fiske, 

1718, m. 


d. Oct. 23, 1776. 

b. Dec. 16, 1723, 
d. Oct. 27, 1788. 

David, b. Aug. 3. 1743,= Hannah Hill, 

m. April 5, 1770, 
d. Oct. 4. 1821. 



d. May 23, 1798. 


Joel, b. Foli. 1 1, 1786. = Nancy Stone, 
m. March 15, 1810, b. Fob 14, 1786, 
d. Sept 29, 1360. d. April 24, 1811. 

J. D. C, JR. 

Chandler, Mrs. Elizabeth Arnold, Wood- 
stock, Conn., Sept. 5th, se. 78 ; dau. of 
Maj. Moses Arnold, late of Woodstock, 
Conn., and widow of Nathan Chandler, 
of Pomfrct, Conn. 

She was the last representative of the 
5th generation of the William and Annis 
Chandler family of Roxbury, Mass., and 
her late husband was the youngest branch 
of it in lineal descent, being the youngest 
and 11 th child of Peter Chandler, of 
Pomfrct, who was youngest and 12th 
child of Capt. Joseph Chandler of Pom- 
fret, who was the youngest and 8th child 
of Deacon John Chandler of Woodstock, 
Conn., who was the youngest and 3rd son 

of William and Annis Chandler of Rox- 
bury, Mass. c. 
Chipman, Capt. Zachariah, Yarmouth, N. 
S., July 1, a. 81. Respected, while liv- 
ing, for well-directed activity, executive 
energy, trustworthiness, integrity ; his 
decease is much regretted in the pleasant 
and enterprising town in which his influ- 
ence had long been prominent, and to 
whose prosperity his own had contribu- 
ted. An " office-bearer " in the First 
Baptist Church, his works approved him 
as a true Christian. 

The well-marked characteristics of this 
gentleman, though he never was in New 
England, were such as the best of New 
Englanders have borne. While he some 
twelve years since was in vigor, the writer 
of this notice saw him in his own home 
and among his townsmen, and, from his 
domestic habits with his demeanor in so- 
ciety, was led to regard him as almost a 
perfect realization of the ideal which, by 
the intelligent and unprejudiced, is cher- 
ished of the " Pilgrims " and the " Plant- 
ers" of New England. His near degree 
of descent from them gave vividness to 
this impression ; himself being a great- 
grandson of his visitor's great-grandfath- 
er's great-grandfather, and his rather hav- 
ing been a great-grandson of two of the 
passengers which the Mayflower brought 
to Plymouth, Ms. in 1620. 

Capt. Zachariah Chipman m. 29 Nov. 
1800, Mrs. Abigail, widow of Dea. Jo- 
seph Shaw, of Annapolis, N. S. After 
a life of usefulness and piety, she deceas- 
ed 22 Sept. 1853, a. 78. Her parents, 
emigrants to N. S., were James Brown, 
of Wcnham, Ms., and his wife Mary 
Dodge, of Hamilton, Ms. A son by 
Mrs. Chipman's previous marriage is 
Hon. Joseph Shaw, lately sheriff of Yar- 
mouth Co. N. S. Of the six children, three 
daughters and three sons, by her second 
marriage, one is Rev. Homes Chipman, 
pastor of the Baptist Church in North 
Oxford, Ms. 

Capt. Chipman early became interested 
in the preservation of facts which illus- 
trate the character of individuals and the 
relationship of families. An attentive 
correspondent of the writer, the latter is 
indebted to the former for accurate ac- 
counts of those descendants of their com- 
mon emigrant-ancestors Avho now are 
widely spread as well as numerous in 
Nova Scotia. From facts incidentally 
found by the writer of this, regarding 
kindreds* other than his own, he is per- 
suaded that many blanks which New 
England genealogists have thus far sought 
vainly to fill, may be filled by recourse 


Quarterly Obituary. 


to materials which that Province is able 
to supply. r. m. c. 

Chipman, Abhy, Bath, Me., Dec. 17, 1859, 
a. 35, (daughter of Andrew Mansfield and 
of his wife Sarah Mansfield, formerly of 
Salem, Ms., now of Nobleboro', Me.,) 
the wife and cousin of Eleazar M. Chip- 
man, of Salem, third son of the subject 
of the notice next following;. c. 

Chipman, Elizabeth, Salem, Ms., April 8, 
a. 71 ; wife of Dea. Richard M. Chip- 
man, (Sen.), of that place, and mother 
of Rev. R. Manning Chipman, (Jr.,) of 
Wolcottville, Ct. Beyond doubt " her 
record is on high," viz., "she hath done 
what she could." She and her sister, 
mentioned in the notice preceding this, — 
children of Robert Gray, formerly of Sa- 
lem and Beverly, Ms., and of his wife 
Mrs. Mary Gray, oldest daughter of 
Capt. Robert Foster, and his first wife 
Mrs. Mary Foster, the daughter of 
Robert Proctor, of Salem — were, through 
the last named ancestor, descendants of 
John Proctor, one of several persons in 
1692 executed for the alleged crime of 
witchcraft, " of whom the would was 


Cutler, Enos, Salem, July 14, a. 79, lack- 
ing a few months. He was born in Brook- 
field, Mass., Nov. 1, 1781; was adopted 
and educated by his uncle, Rev. Enos 
Hitchcock, of Providence, R. I., formerly 
pastor of the second church in Beverly, 
who was a chaplain in the Revolutionary 
army ; grad. B. U. in 1800. After filling 
the office of Tutor in that college one 
year, he studied law, and was admitted 
to the practice. In company with a friend, 
Nicholas Lonjjworth, he settled in Cincin- 
nati. Longworth still lives there, enjoy- 
ing a happy old age. Nearly 52 years 
ago he was married, when Cutler officiat- 
ed as groomsman. In 1807, Mr. C. ac- 
cepted a commission in the United States 
army ; was in the staff department in 
1812 ; was with Genl. Jackson during the 
first Seminole campaign and in the Creek 
war ; commanded at military stations on 
Lakes Champlain, Ontario and Superior ; 
resigned his commission on account of ill 
health in 1840; at which time he was 
Colonel of the Fourth Infantry, bis friend, 
Zachary Taylor, being Colonel of the 
First. Since 1840, he lived for the most 
part in New Haven, removing a few 
years since to Salem, where he died. 

Dean, Isaac, South Adams, July 17, a. 
79. He was the son of Isaac and Rachel 
(Staples) Dean, of Taunton, where he 
was b. Feb. 12, 1781. He emigrated to 
Berkshire County at the age of 14, and 
became an influential man in his section 
of the State. His father, Isaac, was the 
4th gen. from Walter 1 Deane, (see Reg. 
iii, 380,) through Benjamin 2 and Benj. 3 

Dean, Rev. Paul, Framingham, Mass., 

of paralysis, Oct. 1, a. 71. He was b. at 
Barnard, Vt., and was a son of Seth 
Dean, whose death is noticed in the Reg. 
vi, 10.3. In 1808 he was ord. over the 
Universalist Society in Bar re, Vt., but 
left soon after ; and was settled, Aug. 19 
1813, as colleague pastor with Rev. John 
Murray, (the father of the modern Uni- 
versalists) over the first Universalist 
Church in Boston, Mass. He sustained 
the pastoral relation to this church till 
April 6, 1823 ; and was sole pastor after 
the death of Rev. Mr. Murray, Sept. 3, 
1815, except from Sept. 12, 1816, to Oct. 
6, 1817, when Kev. Edward Mitchell was 
his colleague. On the 7th of May 1823, 
he was inst. as the first pastor of the 
Central Universalist Church (now the 
Bultinch St. Society), and Nov. 26, 1839, 
received Rev. Frederick T. Gray as col- 
league, when the society became Unita- 
rian in faith. He resigned the pastoral 
care of this church May 3, 1840, and was 
subsequently settled over the Unitarian 
Church at Easton, Mass. 

The Boston Transcript, in noticing his 
death, says : — " Mr. Dean had many gifts 
as a preacher and pastor, and a warm at- 
tachment always existed between him and 
his people. He was an active member of 
the Masonic fraternity for upwards of 
thirty years, and he rendered valuable ser- 
vice to the city as a member of the School 
Committee, and was a most useful and 
public spirited citizen. Hundreds who 
remember his public ministrations, will 
recall his mild benignant face, his mu- 
sical voice, and his admirable manner in 
the pulpit." 

He published Lectures on Final Resto- 
ration, 1832, 8vo., pp. 190; the Election 
Sermon, 1832, besides numerous occa- 
sional addresses and sermons. 

Douglass, Mrs. Rhoda, Freetown, Aug. 
31, a. 100. She Avas the 2d w. of Daniel 
Douglass, of Freetown, who died many 
years ago, leaving no children by her. She 
was the dau. of Ebenezer 4 and Prudence 
Dean, and was b. at Taunton, June 15, 
1760. Her father, Ebenezer, 4 was son of 
Ebenezer 3 and Rachel (Allen), gr. son 
of Benjamin 2 and Sarah (Williams); ajid 
gr. gr. son of Walter 1 Deane. See Reg. 
iii, 380. On the 15th of June last, Mrs. 
Douglass celebrated, at Assonet village, 
the completion of her 100th year. Her 
sister, Mrs. Rachel Gushee, of Raynham, 
aged 88, was present. 

Fosdick, Sarah Lawrence Woodbury, 
Groton, Nov. 25, a. 41 ; wife of Rev. 
David Fosdick, Jr., and only child of 
Mrs. Mary Woodbury, whose death is 
noticed on page 90. 

Fuller, Charles I., Greenfield, Oct. 26, a. 
30. Mr. F. had resided in Greenfield 
about ten years. During that period 
he was connected with the Franklin Co. 


Quarterly Obituary. 


Bank — five years as clerk, and for the 
last five years as Cashier. For the last 
three years he had been chosen on the 
" Citizens' Ticket," as the Elector from 
Greenfield, under the provisions of the will 
of the late Oliver Smith. He leaves a wid- 
ow and an infant son. His funeral was 
attended on Monday, the 29th, from the 
Brick church. During the services the 
stores and shops in the village were 
closed in respect to his memory. By 
strict attention to the duties of his posi- 
tion, and by his exemplary deportment, 
he had gained a high place in the confi- 
dence and esteem of his fellow citizens, 
who unite with the family in mourning 
his early death. 

Gales, Joseph, Washington, D. C, July 
21, a 74. He was born at Sheffield, Eng., 
April 10, 1786 ; came with his father to 
the United States, when only seven years 
of age ; obtained his education at the 
University of North Carolina ; became a 
printer at Philadelphia, and in 1807 went 
to Washington as the assistant of Wil- 
liam Harrison Smith, who, in 1800, had 
removed the Independent Gazetteer to that 
city, and changed its name to the National 
Intelligencer, by which cognomen, sixty 
years afterwards, it is so widely known. 
Subsequently, Mr. Gales became a part- 
ner in the concern, and on Mr. Smith's 
retirement in 1810, he assumed the sole 
proprietorship of that journal, which was 
then published only three times a week. 
In 1812, his wife's brother, William W. 
Seaton, became his partner, and shortly 
afterwards the National Intelligencer was 
issued daily. Mr. Seaton still survives. 
In the war of 1812, Gen. Ross, who com- 
manded the British troops, entered Wash- 
ington after the unfortunate affair of Bla- 
densburg. His first inquiry was not for 
the Capitol, the President's house, or the 
departments, but for the National Intelli- 
gencer office, and this was the first estab- 
lishment demolished. There was a short 
cessation, therefore, to the regular publica- 
tion of the paper. With this exception, 
the Intelligencer has been published regu- 
larly for 60 years. 

Greenough, William, Boston, Aug. 27, a. 
88yrs. 7 ms. He was b. in Wellfieet, Jan. 
6, 1772, came to Boston in 1780, and in 
1784 was apprenticed to Samuel Hall, a 
noted printer and newspaper publisher of 
the period. In 1795, he was one of the 
publishers of the Federal Orrery. In 
1799, he made a voyage around the world 
as a seaman, engaged in the sealing 
trade; returned to Boston, in 1801, and 
was subsequently engaged in publishing 
a newspaper in Haverhill and in Worces- 
ter county, where, in the book printing 
business, he issued an edition of the 
common school Bible, and some other 
books — and undertook to cast stereotype 

plates. Subsequently, for some years, 
he resided in Washington, but the latter 
years of his life Avere spent in Boston. 

Harris, Mrs. Ann, Newburyport, Dec. 22, 
a. 99. She was the 10th eh. of Edward 4 
Tappan of N., was b. May 1, 1761, and 
m. in 1788, Jonathan Harris, whom she 
survived many years. She was 5th gen. 
in descent from Abraham 1 and Susan- 
nah (Taylor) To/g>an of Newbury, (see 
Coffin's Newbury, p. 320,) through Ja- 
cob 2 , who m. Hannah Sewall, Abraham 3 
who m. Esther (Wiggles worth) Sewall, 
(dan. of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, au- 
thor of the Day of Doom,) and Edward*, 
her father, who m. Sarah Bailey. See 
an account of the celebration of her 98th 
birthday, in the Beg., vol. xiii, p. 284. 

Haskins, Shadrach, Savov, Mass., Aug. 
10, a. 83. He was son of Elder Nathan 
Haskins, a native of Shutesbury, the first 
settled minister in Savov, who was or- 
dained in 1789, d. in 1802^ a 58. 

Paulding, James Kirke, Hyde Park. N. 
Y., April 5, as. 81. He was born in 
Pleasant Valley, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
Aug. 22, 1779 ; received his early educa- 
tion at a school in Westchester Co., to 
which his family had removed after the 
close of the war, and on becoming of age 
took up his abode in the City of New 
York. He at first resided in the family 
of Mr. William Irving, who had married 
his sister, and was thus led to form an 
intimacy with Wa-hinrrton Irving, a 
brother of his host, and in connection 
with him engaged in the publication of 
" Salmagundi," the series of periodical 
essays which have since become so cele- 
brated in the history of American litera- 
ture. The first number of this work was 
issued in January, 1807, and was con- 
tinued through twenty numbers, for the 
space of one year. In 1809, a second 
series of the work was commenced, en- 
tirely from the hand of Mr. Paulding, 
but it did not succeed so well as the 
foimer issue. In 1813, he published the 
racy satire entitled " The Diverting His- 
tory of John Bull and Brother Jonathan." 
Mr. Paulding continued to send forth 
from time to time, from his teeming 
brain, satires, novels, burlesques, humor- 
ous and other productions, so that his col- 
lected works amount to live and twenty 
volumes, in addition to a great variety of 
anonymous writings in the periodicals of 
the day. In 1835, he published a "Life 
of Washington " for the use of schools. 
He spent a portion of his time in political 
service; was, in 1815, Secretary to the 
Board of Navy Commissioners, and was 
subsequently for 12 years Navy Agent at 
New York. He was placed at the head 
of the Navy Department on the accession 
of Mr. Van Buren to the Presidcnev, 
which post he occupied from 1837 to 


Quarterly Obituary, 


1841, when he retired from public life. 
His hist years were spent at his country 
residence at Hyde Park. 
Pealk, Rembrandt, Philadelphia, Oct. 3, 
sc. 83. He was born on one of the birth 
days of Washington, Feb. 22, 1778 ; was 
son of Charles Wilson Peale, the founder 
of the Philadelphia Museum. The father 
was a distinguished artist. He painted 
a portrait of Washington in 1786. Rem- 
brandt, being at that time a boy eight 
years of age, took a deep interest in the 
subject. He stationed himself behind his 
father's chair, watching all the move- 
ments of his parent, and of the distin- 
guished personage whose features were 
being delineated on the canvas. The lad 
had a strong and irrepressible desire to 
paint also the portrait of Washing- 
ton. In September, 1795, when only 
19 years of age, his great object was 
realized. He obtained three sittings of 
three hours each from the man he had al- 
most idolized, and from the picture then 
made, he executed ten copies. In 1830, or 
thirty-five years afterwards, lie says, " the 
image of Washington once more rose to 
engross his mind." All the portraits, 
busts, medallions, prints, he could find 
were collected together, and from their 
aid, in conjunction with his own recollec- 
tions, lie was enabled to draw out and 
present to the world his ideal Washing- 
ton. " You have it now," says his father, 
" this is indeed Washington." The cor- 
rectness of the picture was endorsed by 
Chief Justice Marshall, Judge Washing- 
ton, Bishop White and others. The 
painting was purchased by a special com- 
mittee of the United States Senate, for 
two thousand dollars. 

Another celebrated picture by Mr. 
Peale, was the " Court of Death," sug- 
gested bv Bishop Porteus's Poem on 
Death. In 1839, Mr. Peale published a 
small volume called the " Portfolio of an 
Artist/' which contains several well- 
written poems from his pen. His lecture, 
on the portraits of Washington, was de- 
livered in several cities of our Union during 
the last winter. This lecture was one of 
peculiar interest, coming, as it did, from 
an octogenarian, one who had seen and 
personally known Washington, and who 
had so successfully portrayed his features. 
As might naturally be supposed, it was 
received with great applause. 

Mr. Peale was twice married. He 
leaves a widow, and many descendants. 
On Tuesday evening, Oct. 1st, he showed 
some symptoms of indisposition ; on 
Wednesday night was considered dan- 
gerously ill, and at about half-past six 
o'clock, Thursday morning, died. His 
disease was dropsy of the heart. 
Phelps, Hon. Ansel, Jr., Springfield, June 
2, 1860, a. 44. He was son of Hon. 

Ansel and Hannah (Ames) Phelps, of 
Greenfield, where he was b. Oct. 17, 
1815. For several years during his mi- 
nority he acted as assistant editor of the 
Gazette and Herald, a newspaper pub- 
lished by his father at G. In the fall of 
1836, he was assistant editor of a Phila- 
delphia newspaper, but soon returned to 
Greenfield, and in 1837, commenced the 
study of law. In 1839, opened a law of- 
fice in Ware, where he resided till 1846, 
having been postmaster and State repre- 
sentative while there. In 1846, he was 
appointed Attorney of the Western R. R. 
and removed to Springfield. In Dec. 
1856, he was chosen Mayor of Springfield, 
and was re-elected the next year, but vol- 
untarily retired at the close of 1858. He 
was a member of the N. E. Hist. G. Soc. 
He m. Sept. 4, 1 841 , Lydia Paige of 
Hardwick, by whom he had 4 ch., of 
whom 1 dan. and 2 sons survive. 

Reed, Hon. John, Bridgewater, Nov. 25, a. 
79 ; he was the eldest son of Rev. John 
and Hannah f Sampson) Reed, and was 
born in West Bridgewater, Sept. 2, 1781. 
He grad. B. U. 1803. After leaving col- 
lege he was preceptor of Bridgewater 
Academy one year. He was then ap- 
pointed tutor in Brown University, 
which office he held two years. He stud- 
ied law with, we believe, Hon. Wm. Bay- 
lies, and settled as a lawyer in Yar- 
mouth, Ms., where he soon attained to a 
lucrativ e practice. In 1813, he was elected 
a representative to Congress from the Dis- 
trict of Barnstable, and served two Con- 
gressional terms. In 1821, he was again 
elected from the same district, and con- 

" tinned by successive re-elections until 
1841. He was so long in office that by 
some of the Southern representatives he 
was denominated "the life member." 
In 1 844, be was elected Lt. Gov. of Mass., 
an office which he held for seven years, 
embracing the whole of Gov. Briggs's 
administration. For the last nine years 
he has remained in private life. He m. 
Martha Alger, of West Bridgewater, sis- 
ter of the late Cyrus Alger, of South 
Boston. A short time previous to his 
retirement from public life he experienced 
severe bereavements by the death of his 
wife and one of his daughters. These 
events broke up bis family circle, and 
having sold bis estate in Yarmouth he re- 
moved to Bridgewater, to spend the re- 
mainder of his days in the vicinity of his 
surviving daughter and his two sons. He 
was a second time married to a widowed 
lady of Bridgewater, with whom in early 
life he had been acquainted. 

Richardsox, Jeffrey, Jr., Boston, Oct. 6, 
a. 29. He was son of Jeffrey and Sally 
(Bracket!) Richardson, and was b. at 
Boston, July 19, 1831. He was educated 
in part at the Boston public schools, and 


Quarterly Obituary. 


was subsequently for four or five years at 
the school of Gideon F. Thayer, in Chaun- 
cy Place. He was a resident member of the 
N. E. Hist. Gen. Society, and had made 
some progress in preparing a Genealogy 
of the Richardson Family. 
Tracy, Frederick Palmer, Lowville, Lewis 
County, N. Y., October 10, a. 45. He 
was son of Cyrus and Hannah (Snow) 
Tracy, and was b. at Windham (Scot- 
land parish) Ct., Feb. 22, 1815. He was 
the 7th gen. from Thomas Tracy, the 
common ancestor of the Tracys of Con- 
necticut, who was an inhabitant of Sa- 
lem, Mass., in 1636, of Wethcrsfield, Ct. 
1637 ; of Saybrook, in 1645, and who 
finally settled in 1660 at Norwich, Ct., 
where he d. 1685. 

In 1832, when a little more than 17 
yrs. of age, he joined the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church of Bozrah, Ct , and soon 
began to preach. In 1833, he was re- 
ceived on probation in the New England 
Conference of that denomination, and 
appointed to Lyme, Ct.; and in 1834 to 
Hebron, Ct. In 1835 he was ordained a 
Deacon, and appointed to Southbridge, 
Mass.; and in 1836 to South Boston. In 
1837, was ord. an elder, (being, it is said, 
the youngest man in New England at that 
time who had attained that position, ) 
and was stationed at Newbury, Mass., 
and in 1838, at South St., Lynn, Mass. 
While at the latter place he proposed to 
emigrate to Oregon, and published, for 
about a year, a monthly periodical devot- 
ed to the extension of the idea of emigra- 
tion to that almost unknown country. In 
1839, he located for the purpose of pursu- 
ing his favorite idea, but the plan failing, 
he removed in 1840 to Concord, N. H., 
and established a paper called the " Peo- 
ple's Advocate." In 1842 he removed to 
Cambridgeport, Mass., and in 1844 to 
Williamsburg, Mass., where he had 
charge of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
till May, 1846, when, his health and voice 
failing, he was obliged to abandon the 
pulpit. He visited Europe that year for 
the benefit of his health, returning in 
1848. The succeeding summer and au- 
tumn he edited the Cayuga New Era, 
published at Auburn, N. Y., and in the 
spring of 1849 removed to California. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1851, and 
commenced the practice of law in San 
Francisco. At one time he held the of- 
fice of County Attorney for civil business 
for San Francisco, lie was a delegate to 
the Chicago (Republican) Convention in 

1860, and remained in the Atlantic States 
delivering political addresses in support 
of the nominees of that convention, till 
his death. His remains were brought to 
Lynn, and his funeral took place Oct. 15, 
from the church where he had formerly 
been pastor. His father died at that place 
a few weeks previous. He left a wid. and 
several children, then at San Francisco. 

He was a clear, strong, logical thinker 
and an effective speaker. While at Wil- 
liamsburgh he was admitted a resident 
member of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society, 
and after his removal to California he be- 
came a corresponding member. 

Welles, Benjamin, Boston, July 21, 
a. 78, grad. H. C. 1800; studied law 
with Hon. Levi Lincoln, and afterwards 
with Hon. Harrison Gray Otis of Bos- 
ton. He m. Mehitable Stoddard Sum- 
ner, eldest dau. of Govt. Increase Sum- 
ner, Aug. 1, 1815. She d. Jan. 31, 1826. 
(See Regr. viii, 128 q ;) Mr. Welles m. 
2d, Susan, dau. of William Codman, of 
New York. 

Wellington, Abraham, Waltham, Oct. 
7, a. 86 yrs. 6 mos. 16 days. 

Whitmore, Julia, A. D., Newburyport, 
July 12, a. 27 ; wife of John Whitmore. 

Whitmore, Col. Enoch, Ashburnham, 
Mass., Sept. 13 ; a well known citizen of 
the place. His death was caused by in- 
juries received in his mill, a piece of wood 
flying from a saw and striking him. He 
was b. Sept. 8, 1796 ; was the son of 
Isaac and Rebecca (Foster) Whitmore, 
and grandson of Joseph Whitmore, who 
moved from Woburn to Leominster, with 
wife Mary Marion or Merriam, and had 
a large family, of whom, Isaac was born 
Mch 3, 1755* This Joseph was the son 
of Joseph Whitmore, Jr., and Mary 
Pierce, and was born Sept. 9, 1719. His 
grandfather, Joseph W. Sr., who m. 
Mary, dau. of Thomas Kendall and had 
but one son, was the youngest son of 
Francis Whitmore, of Cambridge, by his 
second wife Margaret Harty. 

Col. Whitmore m. Clarissa Willard, 
June 10, 1817, and had a large family, all 
of whom are now living. 

Whitmore, Avis, Danielsville, Ct., Sept. 
18, wife of Rev. Roswell Whitmore, and 
dau. of Col. Shubel Eiutchins. 

Woodbury, Mary, Groton, Oct. 3, a. 69, 
wid. of Rev. Samuel Woodbury, (D. C. 
1811,) of North Yarmouth, Me. She 
was the second dau. of l)ea. Samuel 
Lawrence, and b. at Groton, Nov. 12, 

A New Genealogical Work. — Samuel H. Parsons, Esq 
necticut, has far advanced, for publication, a Genealogy of the Parsons Family in 
country. He will be glad to receive any information relative to his undertaking 

of Middletown, Con- 

Ekrata. — Vol. xiv, p. 37\,dele lines 1 to 5 of column 1. 
Johonnot, but to his son William II. See Reg. vol. vi, p. 
Johonnot, wife of Andrew, survives her husband. 

These refer not to Andrew 
366. Mrs. Harriet (Harris) 


Elegy of Jona. Frye, 1725. 



[Communicated by T. C. Frye, Andover, Mass.] 

Jona. Fry, mortally wounded in "Love-well's Fight/' at Fryeburg, Me., May 8th, 
1725. These lines, traditions say, were written when the news of his death reached 
Andover, by a young girl to whom he had engaged himself against the wishes of his 
parents ; their objections were want of property and education. Her name is lost. 

" Assist ye muses help my quill, 

Whilest Hoods of tears does down distill, 

Not from mine eyes alone ; but all 

That hears the sad, anddolefull fall 

Of that young student, Mr. Frye, 

Who in his blooming youth did die. 

Fighting for his dear country's good, 

He lost his life and precious blood. 

His fathers only son was he 

His mother loved him tenderly : 

And all that knew him loved him well, 

For in bright parts he did excell 

Most of his age, for he was young, 

Just entering on twenty one : 

A comely youth and pious too, 

This I affirm for him I knew. 

He served the Lord whilst he was young, 

And ripe for Heaven was Jonathan. 

But God did take him from us all, 

And we lament his doleful fall. 

Where'er I go I hear this cry 

Alas ! Alas ! Good Mr. Frye. 

Wounded and bleeding he was left, 

And of all sustinence bereft, 

Within the howling desart great, 

None to lament his dismal fate. 

A sad reward you'll say, for those 

For whom he did his life expose : 

He listed out with courage bold, 

And fought the Indians uncontroled ; 

And many of the rebels slew, 

While bullets thick around him flew. 

At last a fatal bullet came, 

And wounded this young son of fame, 

And pierced him through and made him fall ; 

But he upon the Lord did call. 

He prayed aloud, the standers by 
Heard him for grace and mercy cry : 

lie Lord did hear and raised him so, 
That he enabled was to go, 
For many days he homewards went, 
Till he for food was almost spent, 
Then to the standers by declared 
"Death did not find him unprepared." 
And there they left him in the wood, 
Some scores of miles from any food ; 
Wounded and famishing all alone, 
None to relive or hear his moan, 
And there without all doubt did die. 
And now I'll speak to Mr. Frye. 
Pray Sir be patient kiss the rod 
Remember this the hand of God 
Which has bereft you of your son, 
Your dear and lovely Jonathan, 
Although the Lord has taken, now 
Unto himself, your son most dear, 
Resign your will to God, and say 
" Tis God that gives and takes away ;" 
And blessed be his name, for he 
For he has caused this to be. 
And now to you, his mother dear 
Be pleased my childish lines to hear; 
Mother, refrain from flowing tears 
Your son is gone beyond your cares, 
And safely lodged in Heaven above, 
With Christ, who was his joy and love. 
And, in due time, I hope you'll be 
With him, to all Eternity. 
Pray Madam, pardon this advice, 
Your grief is great, mine not much less, 
And, if these lines will comfort you, 
I have my will, — farewell, — adieu." 

An Ancient Wall. — The following inscription may be seen by the roadside near 
Lawrence Academy, at Groton, Mass. It is to be found on a large stone in a wall, 
which encloses theYarm of the late Hon. Stuart J. Park ; 

Rebuilt by 
O. P. 
Rebuilt by 
S. J. Park. 
The initials I. P. are those of Jonas Prescott, who lived upon this farm, and who 
was the grandfather of Col. William Prescott, a native of Groton, and the hero of 
Bunker Hill : 0. P. are those of Oliver, a brother of Col. Prescott. Mr. Park was a 
member of the State Senate during the years 1837 and 1838; and died Aug. 14th, 
1859. G-. 

Rider. — "Feb. 20 th [1688-9] Went to Baddesly [in Hampshire, Eng.] & visited 
Mr. Goldwire, Father & Son. Mr. Goldwire is gone to London. Visited Cousin 
Rider, but he not at home. Mr. Goldwier invited me to stay there all night. 

Saw y e Stone of my Aunt Rider's Grave. She died March 21, 1687-8. Lies in 
Baddesley burying place." — Memorandum by Judge Sewall. 

92 N. E. Hist.- Gen. Society. [Jan. 



May 27, at Bangor, Me., a. 66, Hon. William Durkee Williamson of Bangor, 
B. U. 1804, ( Corresponding, 1845), b. at Canterbury, Ct., July 31, 1779. 


April 12, at Boston, Mass., a. 72, Benjamin Siiurtleff, M. D. of Boston, B.U. 1796, 

(Honorary, 1846), b. in that part of Plvmpton which is now Carver, Nov. 7, 1774. 
July 26, at Tiverton, K. I., a. 56, Hon. Job Durfee, LL.D., B. U. 1813, {Cor. 1847), 

b. at Tiverton, R. I., Sept, 20, 1790. 
Oct. 20. at Ipswich, Ms., a. 33, Luther Wait of Ipswich, {Cor. 1847), b. at Ipswich, 

Ms., Feb. 14, 1814. 
Dec. 12, at New York, N. Y., a. 84, Hon. James Kent, LL.D., Y. C. 1781, {Hon. 

1847), b. at Fredericksburg, Dutchess Co., N. Y., Julv 31, 1763. 
Dec. 18, at New Haven, Ct., a. 81, Hon. Timothy Pitkin, LL.D., Y. C. 1785, {Hon. 

1847), b. at Farming-ton, Ct., Jan. 21, 1766. 
Dec. 24, at Boston, Mass., a. 62, Hon. Samuel Hubbard, LL.D., Y. C. 1802, {Hon. 

1847), b. at Boston, Ms., June 2, 1785. 

Feb. 23, at Washington, D. C, a. 80, Hon. John Quincy Adams, LL.D., of Quincy, 

H. U. 1787, {Hon. 1845), b. at Quincv, then Braintree, Ms., Julv 11, 1767. 
June 6, at Portland, a. 41, Prof. Merritt Caldwell, Bowd. C/l828, {Cor. 1848.) 
July 29, at Boston, Mass., a. 63, Hon. Nathaniel Morton Davis, {Resident, 1848), 

b. at Plymouth, Ms., March 3, 1785. 
Oct. 28, at Boston, Ms., a. 83, Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, LL.D. of Boston, H. U. 

1783, {Hon. 1846), b. at Boston, Oct. 8, 1765. 


March 22, at New York, N. Y., a. 64, Hon. Benjamin F. Thompson, (Cor. 1845), b. 
May 15, 1784. 

July 18, at Brookline, Mass., a. 57, Hon. Theodore Lyman, H. U. 1810, (Res. 1847), 
b. at Boston, Mass., Feb. 19, 1792. 

Aug. 6, at Boston, Mass., a. 84, Daniel Gilbert of Boston, (Res. 1848.) 

Aug. 12, at Astoria, N. Y., a. 88, Hon. Albert Gallatin, (Hon. 1847), b. at Geneva, 
Switzerland, Jan. 29, 1761. 

Aug. 24, at Brookline, Mass., a. 76, Rev. John Pierce, D. D., (H. U. 1793), of Brook- 
line, Ms., (Hon. 1846), b. at Dorchester, Mass., July 14, 1773. 

Jan. 13, at West Greece, N. Y., a. 79, Theodore Cushing of West Greece, (Cor. 

1847), b. at Haverhill, Mass., March 9, 1790. 
March 26, at Boston, Mass., a. 68, Hon. Samuel Turell Armstrong of Boston, 

(Res. 1845), b. at Dorchester, Mass., April 29, 1781. 
April 18, at Gilmanton, N. H., a. 62, Rev. William Cogswell, D. D., D. C. 1811, 

of Gilmanton, (Cor. 1846, Res. 1847), b. at Atkinson, N. H. June 5, 1787. 
May 5, at Boston, Mass., a. 88, Hon. Joseph Sewall of Boston, (Hon. 1847), b. at 

Boston, March 9, 1762. 
July 25, at Dan vers, Mass., a. 49, Hon. Daniel Putnam King of Danvers, (Cor. 

1847), H. U. 1823, b. at Danvers, Jan. 8, 1801. 
Aug. 31, at Boston, Mass., a. 69, Daniel Pinckney Parker of Boston, (Res. 1847, 

Hon. 1847), b. at Southborough, Mass. 
Nov. 2, at Easthampton, Mass., Rev. William Ely of Easthampton, Y. C. 1813, 

(Cor. 1847.) 

May 10, at Boston, Mass., a. 85, William Pitt Greenwood of Boston, (Res. 1845), 

b. May 10, 1766. 
June 30, at Boston, Mass., a. ab. 72, William Savage of Boston, (Res. 1847.) 
July 29, at Portland, Me., a. 68, Gen. Henry Alexander Scammel Dearborn of 

Roxbury, Mass., (Cor. 1847), Win. and Mary 1803, b. at Exeter, N. H., Mar. 3, '83. 
Aug. 10, at Plympton, Mass., a. ab. 83, Dea. Lewis Bradford of Plympton, (Cor. 

1846), b. 1768. 
Sept. 3, at Portsmouth, N. H., a. 61, Hon. Levi Woodbury, LL.D., of Portsmouth, 

D. C. 1809, (Hon. 1847), b. at Francestown, N. H., Nov. 2, 1789. 
Sept. 9, at Wrentham, Mass., a. 82, William Ingalls, M. D., H. U. 1790, of Boston, 

(Res. 1845), b. at Newburyport, Mass., May 3, 1769. 

1861.] N. E. Hist.-Gen. Society. 93 

Oct. 9, at Boston, Mass., a. 84, Ebenezer Turell Andrews of Boston, (Hon. 1846), 

I), at Boston, Nov. 18, 1766. 
Oct. 16, at Danvere, Mass., a. 40, Israel Putnam Proctor of Boston, (Res. 1848), 

I), at Danvere, Sept. l, 1811. 
Dec. 18, at , a. 50, Rev. Oliver At.den Taylor of Manchester, Mass., (Cor. 

1843), b. at Yarmouth, Mass., Aug. 18, 1801. 

Jmn 29, at Washington, D. C, a. 75, Hon. Henry Clay, LL.D., of Ashland, Kv., 

(//on. 1847), b. in Hanover Co., Va., April 12, 1777. 
Anq. 31, at New Haven, Ct , a. 74, Prof. James Lick Kingsley, LL.D., of New Ha- 
ven, (Cor. 1847), Y. C. 1799, b. at Windham, Ct., Aug. 28, 1778. 
Sept 15, at Concord, Mass., a. 62, Henry Hum on Fuller of Boston, II. U. 1811, 

(Res. 1851), 1». at Princeton, Mass., July 1, 1790. 
Oct. 4, at New York, N. Y , a. ah. 57, Hon. James Wiiitcomb of Indianapolis, Ind., 

(Cor. 1847), h. in Vermont, ah. 1795. 
Oct. 24, at Marshfield, Mass., a. 70, Hon. Daniel Webster, LL.D., of Marshfield, 

(Hon. 1847), D. C. 1801, b. at Salisbury, N. II., Jan. 18, 17J 2. 
Nov. 5, at Cincinnati, O., a. 67, Daniel Drake of Cincinnati, (Cor. 1847J, b. at 

Plainfield, N. J., Oct. 20, 1785. 
Nov. 11, at Leicester, Mass., a. 61, Hon. David Henshaw of Leicester, (Hon. 1847), 

h. at Leicester, April 2, 1791. 
Dec. 31, at Boston, Mass., a. 66, Hon. Amos Lawrence of Boston, (Hon. 1847), b. at 

Groton, April 22, 1786. 


Feb. 12, at New Bedford, Mass., a. — , Hon. Harrison Gray Otis Colby of New 

Bedford, (Res. 1847). 
March 9, at Rutland, Vt., a. 71, Hon. Charles Kilbourne Williams, LL.D., of 

Rutland, (Cor. 1845), W. C. 1800, b. at Cambridge, Mass., Jan. 24, 1782. 
March 25, at Quinev, Mass., a. 90, Daniel Green leaf of Quincy, (lion. 1845), b. at 

Boston, Mass., Sept. 29, 1762. 
May 3, at Boston, Mass., a. 76 y. lira., Robert Gould Shaw of Boston, (lion. 

1846), h. 1776. 
Jul// 12, at Boston, Mass., a. 87, Samuel Appleton of Boston, (lion. 1845), b. at 

New Ipswich, N. H., June 22, 1766. 
Auf/. 1, at Plvmouth, Mass,, a. 84, Hon. Nahum Mitchell of Bridgewater, Mass., 

II. IT. 1789, (Cor. 18-15), b. at Bridgewater, Feb. 12, 1769. 
Aug. — , at Brooklyn, N. Y., a. 63, James Atiiearn Jones, (Cor. 1845), b. at Tisbury, 

Mass., June 4, 1790. 
Sept. 1, at Bellows Falls, Vt., a. 55, Jacob Bailey Moore, (Cor. 1846), b. at Ando- 

ver, N. H., Oct. 31, 1797. 
Oct. 3, at Cincinnati, O., a. 69, Nathaniel Sawyer of Cincinnati, (Cor. 1852.) 
Oct. 4, at Boston, Mass., a. 69, Hon. James Cushing Merrill of Boston, H. U. 

1807, (Hon. 1847), b. at Haverhill, Mass., Sept. 27, 1784. 

Oct. 5, at Suckasunny, N. J., a. 83. Hon. Mahlon Dickerson of Suckasunny, N. J. 

1789, (Hon. 1848),'b. at Hanover, N. J., April 17, 1770. 
Oct. 6, at Cambridge, Mass., a. 69, Prof. Simon Green leaf, LL.D., of Cambridge, 

(Res. 1847), h. at Newburyport, Mass., Dec. 5, 1783. 
Nov. 9, at Roxhury, Mass., a. 73, Ralph Haskins of Roxhury, (Res. 1848.) 
Nov. 14, at Portsmouth, N. H., a. 63, Charles Ewer of Portsmouth, (Res. 1844), b. 

at Boston, Mass., Sept. 4, 1790; President, 1845-50. 


Feb. 9, at Framingham, Mass., a. 72, Josiah Adams of Framingham, H. U. 1801, 

(Cor. 1845), b. at Acton, Mass., Nov. 3, 1781. 
March 18, at Boston, Mass., a. 70, George Cheyne Shattuck, M. D., LL.D., of 

Boston, D. C. 1803, (Hon. 1847), b. at Templeton, Mass., July 17, 1783. 
April 19, at Worcester, Mass., a. 67, Hon. John Davis, LL.D., of Worcester, (Hon. 

1847), Y. C. 1812, b. at Northhorough, Mass., Jan. 13, 1787. 
June 6, at East Windsor, Ct., se. 76, Rev. Shcbael Bartlett of East Windsor, (Cor. 

Aug. 25, at Shirley, Mass., a. 65, Hon. Leonard Moody Parker of Shirley, D. C. 

1808, (Cor. 1850), b. at Shirley, Jan. 9, 1789. 

Sept. 3, at Cincinnati, O., a. 64, Hon. Stephen Fales of Cincinnati, H. U. 1810, 

(Cor. 1845), b. at Boston, Mass., May 8, 1790. 
Sept. 12 or 13, at Newtown, Ct., a. 69, "Hon. Samuel Church, LL.D., Y. C. 1803, 

(Cor. 1848), b. at Salisbury, Ct., Feb. 1785. 

94 N. E. Hist -Gen. Society. [Jan. 

Sept. 18, at Epping, N. II., a. 65, Hon. William Plumer, Jr., of Epping, H. U. 

1809, (Cor. 1845), b. at Epping, Feb. 9, 1789. 
Sept. 19, at Boston, Mass., a. 60, Moses Plimpton of Boston, (Res. 1852), b. at Stur- 

bridge, (part now Southbridge) Mass., Oct. 17, 1793. 
Oct. 7,' at Groton, Mass., a. 78, Caleb Butler of Groton, D. C. 1800, (Cor. 1846), 

b. at Pelham, N. II., Sept. 13, 1776. 
Oct. 10, at Bangor, Me., a. 57, Frederick IIobbs of Bangor, H. U. 1817, (Cor. 

1847), I), at Weston, Mass., Feb. 18, 1797. 
Oct. 15, at Roxbury, Mass., a. 59, Artemas Simonds of Boston, Mass., (Res. 1848), 

b. at Fitchburg, Mass., Nov. 15, 1794. 
Oct. 19, at Cambridge, Mass., a. 28, William Thaddeus Harris, LL.B., II. U. 

1846, (Res. 1845), b. at Milton, Mass., Jan. 26, 1826. 
Nov. 5, at Providence, II. 1., a. 97, John How land of Providence, (Cor. 1845), b. at 

Newport, R. I., Oct. 31, 1757. Born tbe earliest and attained the greatest age of 

an}- member of the Society. 
Nov. 12, at Bridgewater, Mass., a. 61, Rev. James Delap Farnsworth of Bridge- 
water, H. U. 1818, (Cor. 1846), b. at Groton, Mass., Sept. 11, 1793. 


Jan. 7, at Nantucket, Mass., a. 54, Peter Folger Ewer of Nantucket, (Cor. 1847), 

b. at Nantucket, March 15, 1800. 
Jan. 13, at Boston, Mass. a. 83, Isaac P. Davis of Boston, (Hon. 1847), b. at Plym- 
outh, Mass., Oct. 7, 1771. 
March 1, at Hartford, Ct., a. 77, Hon. Thomas Day, LL.D., of Hartford, Y. C. 

1797, (Cor. 1847), b. at New Preston, Ct., July 6, 1777. 
March 9, at Boston, Mass., a. 51, Rev. Frederick Turell Gray of Boston, (Res. 

1845), b. at Boston, Dec. 5, 1803. 
March 18, at Worcester, Mass., a. 60, Hon. Elisha Fuller of Worcester, H. U. 1815, 

(Res. 1850), b. at Princeton, Mass., Oct. 28, 1794. 
March 29, at Hartford, Ct., a. 73, Hon. Nathaniel Goodwin of Hartford, ( Cor. 1846), 

b. at Hartford, May 5, 1782; Vice President, 1855. 
June 22, at Boston, Mass., a. 84, Hon. Samuel Sumner Wilde, LL.D., of Boston, 

D. C. 1789, (Bon. 1847), b. at Taunton, Feb. 5, 1771. 
July 6, at Laona, 111., a. 65, Stephen West Williams, M. D., of Laona, (Cor. 1855), 

b. at Deerfield, Mass., March 27, 1790. 
Aug. 2, at Newburv, Mass., a. 68, Robert Adams of Newbury, (Cor. 1855 J, b. at 

Newbury, May 20, 1787. 
Aug. 18, at Boston, Mass., a. 62, Hon. Abbott Lawrence, LL D., of Boston, (Res. 

1846), b. at Groton, Mass., Dec. 16, 1792. 
Sept. 1, at Washington, D. C, a. 86, Hon. William Cranch, LL.D , of Washington, 

H. U. 1787, (Hon. 1847), b. at Weymouth, Mass., July 17, 1769. 
Sept. 11, at Medford, Mass., a. 60, Gorham Brooks of Medford, H. U. 1814, (Res. 

1854), b. at Boston, Mass., Feb. 10, 1795. 
Nov. 7, at Belchertown, Mass., a. 74, Hon. Mark Doolittle of Belchertown, Y, C. 

1804, (Cor. 1848.) 
Nov. 19, at Indianapolis, Ind., a. 45, Charles Warner Cady of Indianapolis, Ind., 

(Cor. 1848), b. at Keene, N. H., June 17, 1810. 
Nov. 29, at Boston, Mass., as. 35, David Hamblen of Boston, (Res. 1845.) 
Dec. 21, at New York, N. Y., a. 64, Nicholas Dean of New York, (Cor. 1847), b. at 

Beekman, Dutchess Co., N. Y., July 23, 1791. 

Feb. 5, at East Haven, Ct., a. 78, Rev. Stephen Dodd of East Haven, (Cor. 1850), 

b. at Bloomfield, N. J., March 8, 1777. 
Mai/ 8, at Boston, Mass., a. 77, John Collins Warren, M. D., of Boston, II. U. 

1797, (Hon. 1855), b. at Boston, Aug. 1, 1778. 
July 24, at San Francisco, Cal., a. — , Andrew Randall, M- D., of San Francisco, 

(Cor. 1846); Honorary Vice President, 1856. 
Sept. 13, at Colebrook, Ct., a. 79, Rev. Thomas Robbins, D. D., W. C. 1796, (Cor. 

1847), b. at Norfolk, Ct., Aug. 11, 1777. 
Oct. 25, at Hartford, Ct., a. 88, James Ward of Hartford, ('Cor. 1845), b. at Guilford, 

Ct., Feb. 2, 1768. 
Nov. 2, at Concord, Mass., a. 78, Hon. Samuel Hoar, LL.D., of Concord, H. U. 

1802, (Hon. 1847), b. at Lincoln, Mass., May 18, 1778. 
Nov. 10, at Indianapolis, Ind., a. 28, Thomas Scott Pearson of Peacham, Vt., M. 

C. 1851, (Res. 1854), b. at Kingston, N. II., Sept. 14, 1828. 
Dec. 12, at Brooklyn, N. Y., a. 47, Hermann Ernst Ludewig of Brooklvn, (Hon. 

1846), b. at Dresden, Saxony, Oct. 14, 1809. 

1861.] N. E. Hist.-Gen. Society. 95 

Dec. 13, at North Hampton, N. H., a. 78, Rev. Jonathan Trench, D.D., of North 
Hampton, II. U. 1798, ( Cor. 1846), b. at Andover, Mass., Aug. 16, 1778. 

Dec 29, at Boston, Mass., a. 32, Charles Frederick Adams, Jr., of Boston, H. U. 
1843, (Res. 1853), b. at Boston, Mass., Feb. 3, 1824. 


Feb. 26, at Brooklyn, N. Y., a. 56, Rev. John Frederick Schroeder, D.D., of 

Brooklyn, N. J. i819, (Cor. 1856), b. at Baltimore, Md., April 8, 1800. 
March 26, at Cambridge, Mass., a. 73, William Fiske Stone of Cambridge, (Cor. 

July 6, at Orange, N. J., a. 68, Rev. John Lauris Blake, D.D., of Orange, B. U. 
1812, (Cor. 1855), b at Northwood, N. H., Dec. 21, 1788; Honorary Vice President, 
July 26, at Cromwell, Ct., a. 36, Andrew Fekdinando Warner of Cromwell, (Res. 

1856), b. at Haddam, Ct., Dec. 26, 1820. 
Sept. 16, at Boston, Mass., a. 77, Caleb Bates of Hingham, (Res. 1846), b. at Hing- 
ham, Mass., Jan. 11, 1780. 

March 2, at Brooklyn, N. Y., a. 53, Freeman Hunt of Brooklyn, (Cor. 1855), b. at 

Quincy, Mass., March 21, 1804. 
March 15, at Rock Spring, 111., a. 68, Rev. John Mason Peck, D. D., of Rock Spring, 

(Cor. 1855), b. at Litchfield, Ct., Oct. 31, 1789. 
April 16, at Reading, Mass., a. 41, George Minot of Reading, H. U. 1836, (Res. 

1857), b. at Haverhill, Mass., Jan. 5, 1817. 
May 27, at Boston, Mass., a. 70, Isaac Parker of Boston, (Res. 1855), b. at Jaffrev, 

N. H., April 14, 1788. 
June 27, at Woodlawn Hall, Pa., a. 54, Hon. Job Roberts Tyson of Philadelphia, 

(Cor. 1855), b. at Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 12, 1804. 
July 30, at Troy, N. Y., a. 52, Rev. Elam Smalley, D. D., of Troy, B. U. 1827, (Cor. 

1858), b. at Dartmouth, Mass., Oct. 27, 1805. 
Aug. 28, at Hogansburg, N. Y., a. about 70, Rev. Eleazer Williams of Hogans- 
burg, (Cor. 1846.) 

Jan. 2, at Olatha, Kanzas, a. 50, Charles Mayo of Olatha, (Res. 1848), b. at Brew- 
ster, Mass., Feb. 10, 1808; Recording Secretary, 1851-56. 
Jan. 17, at Boston, Mass., a. 65, Lemuel Shattuck of Boston, (Res. 1844), b. at 

Ashby, Mass., Oct. 15, 1793; Vice President, 1845-50. 
Jan. 28, at Boston, Mass., a. 62, William Hickling Prescott, LL.D., of Boston, 

H. U. 1814, (Hon. 1847), b. at Salem, Mass., May 4, 1796. 
Feb. 26, at Columbus, O., a. 54, William Williams Mather, of Columbus, (Cor. 

1856), b. at Brooklyn, Ct., May 24, 1804. 
March 19, at Pawtucket, Mass., a. 66, Amos Atwell Tillinghast of Pawtucket, 

Mass., (Cor. 1845), b. at Providence, R. I., May 13, 1792. 
March 29, at Hanover, N. H., a. 61, Rev. John Richards, D. D., of Hanover, Y. C. 

1821, (Res. 1859), b. at Farmington, Ct, May 14, 1797. 
April 29, at Utica, N. Y., a. 47, Joshua Sidney Henshaw of Utica, (Cor. 1859), b 

at Boston, Mass., Oct. 16, 1811. 
May 4, at Philadelphia, Pa., a. 69, Henry Bond, M. D., of Philadelphia, D. C. 1813, 

(Cor. 1845), b. at Watertown, Mass., March 21, 1790. 
May 14, at Perth Amboy, N. J., a. 60, Francis William Brinley of Perth Amboy, 

(Cor. 1858), b. at Newport, R. I., May 26, 1798. 
July 13, at Halifax, N. S., a. 59, Hon. Rufus Choate, LL.D., of Boston, D. C. 1819, 

(Hon. 1847), b. at Essex (then Ipswich), Mass., Oct. 1, 1799. 
July 19, at Litchfield, Ct., a. 43, Payne Kenyon Kilbourne, A. M., of Litchfield, 

(Cor. 1847), b. at Litchfield, July 26, 1815. 
Sept. 8, at Baltimore, Md., a. 56, Rev. George Washington Burnap, D. D., ot 

Baltimore, H. U. 1824, (Cor. 1859), b. at Merrimack, N. H., Nov. 30, 1802. 
Nov. 28, at Sunnyside, N. Y., a. 76, Hon. Washington Irving, LL.D., of Sunnyside, 

(Hon. 1847), b. at New York, N. Y., April 3, 1783. 
Dec. 16, at Groveland, Mass., a. 76, Rev. Gardner Braman Perry, D.D., of Grove- 
land, U. C. 1804, (Res. 1856,) b. at Norton, Mass., Aug. 9, 1783. 
Dec. 28, at Philadelphia, Pa., a. 59, Prof. John Frost, LL.D., of Philadelphia, Pa., 
H. U. 1822, (Cor. 1847), b. at Kennebunk, Me., Jan. 26, 1800. 

Feb. 25, at New Orleans, La., a. 33, Frank Vose of New Orleans, (Cor. 1859), b. at 

Augusta, Me., Oct. 13, 1826. 
March 11, at Worcester, Mass., a. 72, Samuel Jennison of Worcester, (Res. 1851 J, 

b. at Brookfield, Mass., Feb. 24, 1788. 

96 Payments, §*c. [Jan. 1861. 

April 10, at Baltimore, Md., a. 75, William Edwards Mayiiew of Baltimore, (Hon. 
1850), b. at Williamsburg, Mass., Sept. 27, 1784. 

April 11, at Dorchester, Mass., a. 68, Hon. Benjamin Vinton French of Dorches- 
ter, (Res. 1845, Life 1857 J), b. at Braintree, Mass., July 29, 1791. 

April 11, at Northampton, Mass., a. 71, Hon. Charles Stearns of Springfield, 
Mass , (Res. 1858). b. at Lancaster, Mass., Nov. 15, 1788. 

May 5, at Philadelphia, Pa., a. 78, Hon. Thomas Sergeant of Philadelphia, (Hon. 
1850), b. at Philadelphia, Jan. 14, 1782. 

May 6, at Cambridge, Mass., a. 73, Rev. Ralph Sanger, D. D., of Cambridge, H. U. 
1808, (Res. 1859), b. at Daxbury, Mass., June 22, 1786. 

June 2, at Springfield, Mass., a. 44, Hon. Ansel Phelps, Jr., of Springfield, (Cor. 
1855), b. at Greenfield, Mass., Oct. 17, 1815. 

June ( 3, at Braintree, Mass., a. 74, Elisha Thayer of Braintree, (Cor. 1845), b. at 
Braintree, Sept. 15, 1785. 

July 29, at Boston, Mass., a. 82, Hon. Jonathan Phillips, A. M., of Boston, (Hon. 
1847), b. at Boston, April 24, 1778. 

Aug. 20, at Boston, Mass., a. 76, Andrew Johonnot of Boston, [Res. 1848), b. at 
Boston, June 11, 1784. 

Oct. 6, at Boston, Mass., a. 29, Jeffrey Richardson, Jr., of Boston, (Res. I860), b. 
at Boston, July 19, 1831. 

Oct. 10, at Lowville, N. Y., a. 45, Hon. Frederick Palmer Tracy of San Francis- 
co, Cal., (Res. 1845, Cor. 1858), b. at Windham, Ct., Feb. 22, 1815. 

D^" Corrections of, or additions to the foregoing items may be forwarded to Joseph 
Palmer, M. D., the historiographer of the Society. 

Anniversary Address. — The New-England Historic-Genealogical Society cele- 
brated, by an address from Rev. F. W. Holland, on Wednesday, Nov. 21, 1860, the 240th 
anniversary of signing the compact on board the Mayflower, and of the first landing of 
the Pilgrims on New England soil, Nov. 11, 1620 O. S., corresponding to Nov. 21, N. 
S. The address was exceedingly interesting. There seems to be an appropriateness in 
thus noting this day ; for it is, perhaps, the most important of all the days of that honest, 
earnest, exiled band of our Puritan Fathers, after giving up their dear native country 
and starting on their wanderings in Holland and America in quest of civil and relig- 
ious liberty ; inasmuch as it was not only their first landing on New England soil, but 
also the day on which was signed one of the most remarkable civil compacts ever writ- 
ten — the foundation in no small degree of the civil liberty and good order which their 
stalwart moral natures sought, obtained and enjoyed. 

The Founders of New England. — All the lists of passengers to New England 
in the seventeenth century, that have yet been discovered, have now been printed in the 
Register. It is not probable that we shall be able to find many more lists of passen- 
gers ; but there are statements of certain persons having arrived in certain vessels to 
be found scattered in various books and manuscripts, and these it is intended to collect 
and print in the Register. Any assistance in this work will be thankfully received by 
the editor. Items from MSS. in private hands are especially desired. The authorities 
should he distinctly stated. 

Reprint of Errata. — So many lists of Errata have appeared in the Register that 
it is quite a task to examine them all when we wish to see whether any statement has 
been corrected or not. In order to remedy this evil it has been decided to collect, ar- 
range and reprint these errata in the last number of this volume. Those who find errors 
in any volume are requested to send them in, so that they may be incorporated with 
those already published. 

Payments. — In our List of Payments we have room only for those who have paid 
for the ensuing year (1861) in advance, according to the conditions of our work : — 

Albany, H. D. Paine ; Boston, A. Codman, T. Waterman, W. B. Trask, J. W. Dean; 
Brookline, W. B. Towne ; Bernardston, 11. W. Cushman ; Bow/esvi/le, III., J. Bowles; 
Cambridge, C. I). Bradlce ; Dorchester, R. Vosc ; Elmira, N. Y., A. S. Thurston; 
Gouverneur, N. Y., H. I). Smith; Georgetown, S. Nelson ; Galena, III., A. M. Haines; 
Hoosick Fulls, C. L. Ball ; Jamaica Plain, L. M. Harris ; Lynn, J. Moulton ; Leomin- 
ster, I). Wilder; Milwaukie, Wis., E. I). Holton ; New York, 1). B. Denslow, J. E. 
Bulkley, C. Swan, E. Goodwin, T. M. Peters, S. Wetmore, Mercantile L. As., W. H. 
Whiting. L. Tuckerman, W. E. Warren, I. J. Greenwood, J. D. Perkins; Philadelphia, 
N. Chauncey, J. W. Clajrhorn, S. Breck, S. H. Perkins, E. T. Chase, E. Hartshorn ; 
Qninr.y, E. Woodward ; Portsmouth, N. II. , J. Wendell ; Roxbury, W. S. Leland ; lead- 
ing, O., T. Spooner ; Syracuse, N. Y., R. Townsend ; Walthum, J B. Bright; Worces- 
ter, Isaac Davis, J. P. Farnum, B. F. Heywood ; Woburn, N. Wyman. 



Vol. XV. APRIL. 1861. No. 2. 


[By Hon. William u Willis.] 

The return of Columbus from his first successful voyage to the New 
World produced the most extraordinary excitement throughout Spain, and 
in all parts of Europe to which it was rapidly communicated. "The 
joy," says Irving, in his Life of Columbus, " was not confined to Spain; 
the tidings were spread far and wide by the communications of ambassa- 
dors, the correspondence of the learned, the negotiations of merchants 
and the reports of travellers ; and the whole civilized world was filled 
with wonder and delight." There was no press, and no electro telegraph 
to give wings to the exciting intelligence ; and it was only in this casual 
way that the great tidings were conveyed about the world. Allegretti, in 
his Annals of Sienna, in 1493, mentions it as just made known by the 
letters of their merchants who were in Spain, and by the mouths of 
various travellers. Peter Martyr, in a letter to his friend Pomponius 
Laetus, writes, " You tell me, my amiable Pomponius, that you leaped 
for joy, and that your delight was mingled with tears, when you read my 
epistle certifying to you the hitherto hidden world of the antipodes." 
And Sebastian Cabot, who was in London when the astonishing news 
arrived there, says, the discovery was pronounced " more divine than 

These various communications, from the great excitement which pre- 
vailed on the subject, were numerous and widely spread. The spirit of 
adventure was raised to a high point ; sovereigns and subjects, in all parts 
of Europe, were eager to engage in this new field of curiosity and enter- 
prise. Information in regard to these wonderful regions was sought with 
great avidity, and exaggerated and fabulous stories largely entered into 
the torrent of novelty and excitement. Many of the documents relating 
to the discoveries found places in the archives of different nations, others 
remained in private hands or were floating through the community. 

These communications in a short time, attracting the attention of com- 
pilers, were collected together by them, and, in their published forms, fur- 
nished the popular reading of the day. The collections embraced letters 
of the navigators and adventurers, which communicated to the sovereigns 
and others who employed them, narratives, in many cases marvellous, of 
the countries they had visited, and of the strange people who inhabited 


98 A Bibliographical Essay. [April, 

The first of the discoveries toward the western world was the Canary 
Isles, about 1401 ; that of the Madeiras, Cape Yerd and the Azores, all 
made by the Portuguese, soon followed. This adventurous nation had 
pushed its maritime enterprises under able and gallant admirals, in- 
spired by intelligent sovereigns, along the African coast, until, in 1486, 
they had reached the Cape of Good Hope, which, previous to the discov- 
ery of America, was the crowning triumph of that adventurous century. 
The voyages to India by the Cape of Good Hope, and the exciting rela- 
tions of the wealth and splendor of the East, fill large places in all the 
early narratives and collections, while those devoted to America, for the 
first 100 years after the discovery, were comparatively small. 

Peter Martyr wrote numerous letters to his friends on this subject, and 
was the most copious of all the writers of these adventures, at the close of 
the 15th and beginning of the 16th centuries ; for a knowledge of which 
he had peculiar advantages. He was a native of Anghera, a village near 
Milan, in Italy, where he was born in 1455. He early travelled into Spain, 
where he was held in high esteem for his learning and ability; was made 
chief secretary of the council for the Indies, and had free access to the 
archives of Spain, which were rich in reports and documents of the time. 
He was also cotemporary with Columbus and Cabot, from whose per- 
sonal intercourse he derived valuable and authentic information. In a 
letter to a friend, of January, 1494, he speaks of having just received a 
letter from Columbus. The numerous letters which he wrote to persons 
in different parts of Europe, written in Latin, the common language of 
the learned of that day, were collected and published in 1530, in 38 
books, under the title of " Opus Epistolarum Petri Martyris Anglerii." 
He was called Angleria from his birth place. They were translated 
very soon into various languages. In 1555 they were translated into 
English, and published in London, by Richard Eden, in quarto form, en- 
titled "The Decades of the New World, or the West Indies, Navigation 
and Conquests of the Spaniards." This is the first work of the kind 
which was given to England in an English dress. 

But the earliest Collection of Voyages published, was issued inVincenza, 
in Italian, in 1507, without the name of the author. It was entitled 
" Mondo Novo, e Paese Nuovamente Retrovate ;" the New World and 
Country lately discovered. The work is exceedingly rare ; it is said that 
the library of Harvard College contains the only two copies in this coun- 
try ; one the original, the other a French translation. It contains the 
letter of Pasquiligi, the Venetian ambassador at Lisbon, to his brother, 
Oct. 15, 1501, which gives an account of the Voyage of Gasper Cortereal, 
who had returned to Lisbon but eleven days before that date. He speaks 
of Cortereal's arrival in two caravals which the king of Portugal had sent 
out under his command ; of his finding a country distant west and N. W., 
20Q0 miles, along which he coasted 600 or 700 miles. This, it must be 
remembered, is the second time that this coast had been visited. He 
begun the slave trade, for he took from Labrador 57 of the natives, and 
sold them for laborers. And for this cause he gave the name of Labrador 
to that coast, which it still bears, from the Portuguese word, which 
signifies laborer. The country was also named, in some of the early 
maps, Cortereel, or the Coast of Cortereel, from this visitor. The work 
also contains an account of the first two voyages of Columbus; a let- 
ter from Vesputius to Lorenzo de Medici, giving an account of his 
voyage to America in 1501, and several other Narratives. This work is 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 99 

stated by learned bibliographers to be the oldest collection of voyages 

Next came Oviedo Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdez, of a noble 
Spanish family, born in Madrid, 1478, cotemporary with Columbus and 
other early adventurers. He was sent to the New World in public em- 
ployment in 1513, and passed most of his life in St. Domingo, and after- 
wards was appointed Historiographer to the Indies. He was a copious 
writer; but is best known by his work entitled "The General and Natural 
History of the West Indies," in 50 books, " La General y Natural Historia 
de las lndias Occident ales" only 21 of which were printed ; the first 
edition in 1526. This work was seized upon by the indefatigable and 
learned editor, Richard Eden, who translated and published it in 1555 in 
his admirable collection before noticed. The work contains a great mass 
of valuable information, but in a crude state and a rambling style. Las 
Casas, his cotemporary, who knew well the affairs of America, de- 
nounces him as unworthy of credit. Irving, who speaks well of him, 
generally, says " his work is not much to be depended on in matters 
relating to Columbus;" but that " his Account of the Natural Productions 
of the New World, and the Customs of its Inhabitants, is full of curious 

But the standard and most reliable collection of that early period was 
the great work of Ramusio, published at Venice, in 1550, and entitled 
" Raccolta della Navigationi et de Viaggi" 3 volumes, folio ; a Supple- 
ment was published in 1559, after his death, which took place in 1557. 
Several editions were subsequently published, 1574, 1583, 1606, 1613, 
all more or less interpolated with materials which had not the benefit of 
his judicious criticism. 

Ramusio, John Baptist, was born in Venice in 1485 ; he travelled 
much, and held important public offices in Spain and his own country. 
By his intercourse with Cabot, the great pilot, and other adventurers in 
Spain, by his great learning and ample resources of information, he was 
peculiarly qualified to prepare a work which has been a standard authority 
upon all the matters treated of by him. In the latter part of his life he 
retired to Padua, and there devoted himself to his great work, which was 
a Collection of all the Voyages and Travels which had before been pub- 
lished, translated into Italian, accompanied by learned Dissertations, and 
thorough Critical Analyses of the merits of the several authors. The 
third volume relates almost wholly to America, and contains very impor- 
tant original documents ; among them is an extract of a letter from 
Sebastian Cabot to Hieronimus Frascator, a friend of Ramusio, in which 
is given some account of his discovery of America; it also relates the 
substance of a conversation which Cabot had with Butrigarius, the Pope's 
legate at Seville, in which he also spoke of this voyage. These are par- 
ticularly valuable, as being all the direct communications we have from 
Cabot of his great discovery. It also contains Verrazani's letter to Fran- 
cis I., in 1524, concerning his first voyage to New France ; Carrier's 
Voyages, " A Discourse of a great Captain of the Sea upon Newfound- 
land, New France, the W T est Indies," &c, of which Ramusio speaks in 
the highest terms, but is unable to give the name of the author, who still 
remains unknown. This great work is preserved to us in an English form, 
in the fine collection of Richard Eden. 

The next work of any considerable importance, relating to America, 
was the " General History of the Indies," written by Fernando Lopez de 

100 A Bibliographical Essay. [April, 

Gomara,and first published at Saragossa in 1552, and at Antwerp in 1554. 
He was a native of Seville, and co-temporary witli Cabot and Columbus. 
His work relates principally to the discoveries of the Spanish and Portu- 
guese, and if we take the testimony of Las Casas, his cotemporary, is 
not much to be relied upon. He was the first to give currency to the 
rumor, that Columbus was guided in his pursuit of a New World by the 
Journal and Map of a pilot who died at his house, soon after his return 
from the Western Continent, to which lie had been driven by stress of 
weather. The statement is thoroughly examined by Washington Irving, 
in justice to his accomplished hero, and proved to have no sufficient 
foundation in fact. It may also be added in vindication of the integrity of 
Columbus that the discovery of a new Continent did not seem to form any 
part of his plan, but his avowed and true purpose was to find a nearer 
passage to the rich countries of the East, by a western route, and saving 
the tedious navigation round the Cape of Good Hope. In fact, this 
seemed to be the idea which ruled in the minds of all these early naviga- 
tors ; it was so declared by Columbus and by Cabot ; they believed that the 
sea lay open on the west, dotted with islands, which their imaginations 
scattered along the track, and which were reproduced on the maps of the 
times; and that by taking a westerly course Cathay and the gorgeous 
spice isles of the Orient would be surely reached. The discovery, there- 
fore, of the Western Isles and Continent was accidental, and the result of 
a pursuit for other purposes. 

A cotemporary with Gomara was the philanthropic Las Casas, also 
born at Seville, in 1474, and who died at the great age of 92. He was 
devoted, as it is known, to the great work of meliorating the condition of 
the Indians, in doing which he was the unconscious author of African 
slavery. He did what is now being done in the same broad field, by the 
introduction of Coolies from China, to relieve the barbarism of African 
slavery. The process will make them slaves, as it did those whose places 
they are taking. Las Casas wrote many works, the most important of 
which was the History of the Indies, from the discovery to 1520, in 3 
vols., which was never published, but still exists in MS., and has furnished 
materials for subsequent writers. 

Hitherto the principal recorders of voyages and travels had been found 
in those nations which had produced the chief actors in those stirring 
adventures that had opened new worlds and new races to the observation 
of the elder world. For the first 60 years which followed the discovery 
of America, Italy, Spain and Portugal furnished both the adventurers and 
their historians. Spain, especially, established a series of historiographers 
to illustrate the deeds of her great captains, and to extend her fame. She 
was at that time the most magnificent nation of the globe. 

But new nations were now coming forward as competitors in this field 
of enterprise. The books which had been published were written in 
Latin, or in the language of the countries where they first appeared, and 
were consequently excluded from general circulation and perusal. But 
the time had now arrived for England to arouse and partake of the spirit 
of the age. Henry VIII. had kindled a flame which was never to be 
quenched, and the age of Elizabeth was drawing near ; it was at this 
opportune period that Richard Eden, the learned scholar and zealous 
friend of discovery, undertook the task of enlightening the English public. 
In 1553, he published an English version of Sebastian Munster's " Trea- 
tise of New India, with .other New found lands," contained in his book of 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 101 

" Universal Cosmographie," 8vo. This was followed, in 1555, by a 
translation of the first three books of Peter Martyr, called the " Decades 
of the New World." This was a folio volume, and contained, beside, 
translations from Oviedo, Gomara, Ramusio, Americus Vesputius and 
others, a most valuable contribution to English literature. An enlarged 
edition of this work was published in London in 1577, under this title, 
" The History of Travayle in the East and West Indies, and other Coun- 
tries lying eyther way towards the fruitful and rich Moluccas, &c, Gath- 
ered in part and done into Englishe by Richard Eden. New set in 
order, augmented and finished by Richard Willes." This is a standard 
work and rare. Hakluyt drew largely from it for his compilation, over 
forty years after the first edition was published. Eden published several 
other translations of works relating to America and other parts. He had 
the great privilege of communication with, to use his own words, " that 
worthy old man, Sebastian Cabote, yet living in England ;" and his work 
contains interesting particulars derived personally from him. Rich, a 
critic of high authority on the early publications relating to America, 
says, " Eden was the first Englishman who undertook to present in a 
collective form the astonishing results of that spirit of maritime enterprise 
which had everywhere been awakened by the discovery of America.'" 
" In point of learning, accuracy and integrity," he says, " he is certainly 
superior to Hakluyt ; yet it is undoubted, that while the name of the 
latter, like that of Vespucci, has become indelibly associated with the 
New World, his predecessor is very little known." 

In 1556, Andre Thevet, born in England, 1502, of French descent, 
published, in Paris, his work, entitled "The Peculiarities of Northern 
France, otherwise called America." " Les Singularities de la France 
Antarctique, ement nomme Amerique." He was Historiographer of 
France, was intimate with James Cartier, the discoverer of Canada, from 
whom he derived much information. His work is not held in much 
esteem, from its marks of credulity and haste. He died in Paris at the 
age of 88 years. 

New books on America, and reprints of old ones, now rapidly in- 
creased, both in England and on the Continent. 

In 1563 appeared Ribault's Report of his Expedition to Florida, and 
the Planting of a French Colony in South Carolina, in 1562. 

Two years after, Benzoni published, at Venice, " Nuevo Mondo" or 
" Novi OrbU Historia" 

In 1576 Sir Humphrey Gilbert published a tract on the North- West 
Passage, which, with Ribault's Report, were reprinted by Hakluyt. In 
1577 Richard Willes's new edition of Eden appeared, and also a new 
edition of Ramusio. 

In 1575 came out the Atlas of Ortelius, styled " Theatrum Orbis Ter- 
rarum" in folio, containing colored maps of all parts of the world, with 
brief descriptions. Only one map is given to the whole Continent of 
America, which, as might be expected from the imperfect knowledge 
then existing, is very defective. The northern part of America has the 
general names of Nova Francia and Florida. Labrador is called Terra 
Corterealis ; Greenland, Estotilant ; its Southern Cape, Labrador. The 
Bay of Fundy is not laid down at all, and but one river between the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence and Florida, which is called Rio Grande, and placed 
where the Penobscot belongs. On the eastern bank of this river is placed 
a city, named Norumbega, and tbe same name is given to a large country 

102 A Bibliographical Essay. [April, 

extending east from the river. Ortelius says, in preparing his Map of 
America, lie had Cabot's map before him. 

We come now to the time of Richard Hakluyt, an author and compiler 
of the early voyages, who is more known to the student of American 
history than any other English writer of that age. Hakluyt was born at 
or near London, about 1553, was educated at Oxford, and became Preb- 
endary of Bristol and of Westminster, and Rector of Witheringset. He 
was an ardent promoter of discovery and colonization in the New World ; 
one of his objects in making his laborious collections, and presenting the 
works in English versions, was to arouse his countrymen to further prose- 
cution of American voyages. In 1582 he published, in London, a quarto 
volume, containing " Divers Voyages touching the Discovery of America 
and lies adjacent thereto." 

The whole title of this valuable work is as follows: " Divers Voyages 
touching the Discoverie of America and the Islands adjacent unto the 
same, made first of all by an Englishman, and afterwards by the French- 
men and Britons ; and certain notes of advertisements, for observations 
necessary for such as shall hereafter make the like attempt ; with two 
mappes annexed hereunto for the plainer understanding of the whole 

Dibdin, in his Library Companion, (2nd edition, p. 392,) speaking of 
this work, says, " I know of no other copy than that in the Collection of 
my neighbor, Henry Jadis, Esq., who would brave all intervening perils, 
between Indus and the Pole, to possess himself of any rarity connected 
with Hakluyt." Biddle, in his Life of Sebastian Cabot, says there is 
another copy in the British Museum. 

In 1587 Hakluyt published in Paris Four Voyages into Florida, trans- 
lated by himself, from the French ; also, the same year, in French, at 
Paris, a new edition of the Eight Decades of Peter Martyr, entitled " De 
Orbe Novo." This was translated into English by Mr. Lok, and pub- 
lished in London, under the title of the " History of the W T est Indies." 

But his principal work, and one in greatest request, was published in 
3 volumes, folio, black letter, and entitled " The Principal Navigations, 
Voyages, Trafiques and Discoveries of the English Nation, made by Sea 
or Overland to the remote and farthest distant quarters of the Earth at 
any time within the compass of these 1600 years." An enlarged edition 
in 3 folio vols., usually bound in 2, was published in London, 1598-99. 
Both of these editions are very rare. In a few copies of the first edition 
is the best map of the 16th century, according to Hallam. It represents 
the utmost limit of geographical knowledge at the close of that century, 
and far excels the maps in Ortelius. This map is not in the copies 
of the Astor, or the Library of the New York Historical Society ; but 
it is interesting to know that an edition of Ancient Maps, including this of 
Hakluyt, is in process of preparation at Washington. 

A new edition of the " Principal Navigations," &c, was published in 
London by Evans, 1809 to 1812, in 4 volumes, royal quarto, with a Sup- 
plement, printed in 1812, containing matter not embraced in the first two 

The original edition of Hakluyt's large work contains narratives of 220 
voyages, accompanied by patents, instructions, and other relative docu- 
ments. The first part contains Voyages to the North and Northeast, the 
Defeat of the Spanish Armada, Essex's Expedition to Cadiz, &c. ; the 
second part, Voyages to the South and Southeast; the third, Expeditions 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 103 

to North America, the West Indies, and round the World. The Supple- 
ment contains reprints of Galvano's Discoveries of the World to 1555, 
Davis's Hydrographical Description of the World, Voyage d'Otremer, by 
Brccquiere, from a MS., and several other rare and curious Narratives. 
The original cost of the five volumes of 1809, without the Supplement, 
was $80. Only 250 copies were printed. The price of this, and also of 
the earlier editions, is now greatly advanced. 

Oldys, in his British Library, says, " This elaborate and excellent Col- 
lection redounds as much to the glory of the English nation as any Book 
that ever was published in it." Harris, in his Collection, remarks on the 
comparative merits of Hakluyt and Purchas, " We have in our own lan- 
guage as good and as bad Collections as ever were made ; one instance 
of each may suffice. Mr. Hakluyt was an able, ingenuous, diligent, 
accurate and useful compiler ; and his Collections are as valuable as any- 
thing in their kind ; on the other hand, l Purchas his Pilgrims,' are very 
voluminous, and, for the most part, a very trifling and insignificant col- 
lection." But the estimation of these Compilations is by no means uni- 
form, nor of so decided a stamp as Harris imparts. We have seen how 
Hakluyt himself has been disparaged by a comparison with Eden. Prof. 
Smyth, in his Lectures on Modern History, remarks, " Works like these 
(Hakluyt and Purchas) are very curious monuments of the nature of 
human enterprise, human testimony and credulity. Much more is, in- 
deed, offered to a refined and philosophic observer, though buried beneath 
this unwieldy and unsightly mass, than was ever supposed by its original 
readers, or even its first compilers. Allibone, in his Dictionary of Authors, 
very fully describes the collections and labors of Hakluyt. 

As I have thus alluded to the work of Purchas, which is perhaps more 
frequently quoted than any other of that day, and which followed close 
upon the labors of Hakluyt, T will here give a more particular account of 
it and the author. Samuel Purchas was born in 1577, was educated at 
Cambridge, became Rector of St. Martin's church in London, and Chap- 
lain to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Encyclopedia Britannica 
describes him, " as admirably instructed in languages, and in human and 
divine arts." He died about 1628. The first volume of his great work 
was published in folio at London in 1613, and was entitled " Purchas his 
Pilgrimage, or Relations of the World, and the Religions observed in all 
Ages and Places discovered from the Creation unto this Present." Four 
additional volumes were published in 1625, and were entitled " HakJuytus 
Posthumus, or Purchas his Pilgrimes, containing a History of the 
World in Sea voyages and Land travels by Englishmen and others. 
Wherein God's Wonders in nature and Providence, the Actes, Artes and 
Varieties of Men with a world of the World's rarities are by a world of eye- 
Witness Authors, related to the world. Some left written by Mr. Hakluyt 
at his death, more since added, his also , perused and perfected. All ex- 
amined, abbreviated, illustrated with notes. Enlarged with discourses. 
Adorned with pictures, and expressed in Mapps. In fower partes, each 
containing five books. By Samuel Purchas, B. D. Lond. Fol. 5 Vol- 
umes." Such is the pedantic title of this memorable work. Hakluyt's 
name was introduced because Purchas became possessed of many of that 
author's unpublished papers. 

Rich, in his Catalogue, says, " The arrangement of Purchas is not easy 
to be understood at first sight. The work consists of two parts, each in 
two volumes. The 5th volume, or his Pilgrimages, being a separate 

104 A Bibliographical Essay. [April, 

work ; each part consists of ten books, five in each volume." In his 
dedication to Charles I. the author characterizes them, as his " Volumin- 
ous twinnes of Pilgrimes." Part of the 3d and all of the 4th volume 
relate to America. 

The 3d Book contains Henry Hudson's four voyages. 

The 4th Book, Poole's Voyages to Greenland, 1610-12, Wm. Baffins, 
1612-1613, Discoveries by Sebastian Cabot, Master Thorne, and Master 
Weymouth, and others. 

The 5th Book contains Herreras's Descriptions of the West Indies, 
Observations from Acosta on Natural History. (The original was pub- 
lished in small 4to in 1604.) Extracts from Oviedo, &c. 

The 6th Book contains Voyages to the West Indies and Spanish Amer- 
ica, by Englishmen. 

The 7th and 8th Books, Spanish America ; also, the Voyages of Cham- 
plain, 1603-18; of De Monts from L'Escarbot, Gosnold, of Martin 
Pringe, Bartholomew Gilbert, and Weymouth's Voyage of 1605. 

The 9th Book, Virginia. Book 10th, Brief Relations of the Discovery 
of New England by the President and Council, Challon's Voyage, Smith's 
New England Trials. Relation or Journal of a Plantation at Plymouth, 
N. E. Good Nevves from New England, by Edward Winslovv, Nova 
Scotia. The King's Patent to Sir Wm. Alexander. A Description of 
Mawvoshen, and Newfoundland. 

The 5th volume, called " Purchas his Pilgrimage," first printed in 
1613, was several times reprinted, and is especially devoted to the relig- 
ious ceremonies of all nations ; it also contains abridgments of the con- 
tents of the other volumes. 

The work of Purchas was well received, more from the great abun- 
dance of the information it contained, than for nice discrimination, or the 
judicious arrangement of the ample materials. The estimate of critics 
was various, as we have already seen. We will only add the judgment 
of that wise observer, John Locke. In his Introduction to Churchill's 
Voyages, edition of 1732, he says, " This author, like Hakluyt, has 
thrown in all that came to hand to fill up so many volumes, and is ex- 
cessive full of his own notions, and of mean quibbling and playing upon 
words ; yet, for such as can make choice of the best, the collection is 
very valuable." 

While England was earnestly engaged at that period in maritime ad- 
venture, and recording its results, the Continental nations were no less 
active in the same pursuits. The principal Collection made at this 
time was the celebrated one of the De Brys, now extremely rare and 
highly valued. Two volumes, folio, were published in 1590, without any 
collective title. The work was known as De Bry's Collection, and was 
published in two series, from 1590 to 1624. The first, relating to America, 
was divided into 13 parts, and embraced Thomas Harriot's " Brief and 
True Report of the Newfoundland of Virginia, 1590." This had been 
previously printed in London, as a separate tract. Harriot was an em- 
inent mathematician, born at Oxford in 1560; he accompanied the first 
Colony to Virginia. It also contained the Voyage of Columbus of 1492, of 
Vespucci, of Drake and Candish, Accounts of Florida, Brazil, Mexico, 
Peru, Magellan, the West Indies, Virginia, New England, and a reprint of 
Herrera's West Indies. 

(To be Continued.) 

1861.] Percival and Ellen Green. 105 


In a list of early emigrants, who were " to be transported [from Lon- 
don] to New England imbarqued in the Suzan and Ellin Edward Payne 
M r ," in the spring of 1635, we find the names of 

" Percivall Greene Husbandm: 32 

Ellin Green Uxor 32" 

who came to this country with two servants. 

They were of Cambridge in 1636, and were both members of the 
church. He took the freeman's oath, March 3, 1635-6, where his name 
is spelled Passevell Greene. On the town records, it is written Percei- 
veall. He owned a house, situated near the site of the Harvard Branch 
Railway Station, on the north side of the Common, where he died Dec. 25, 
1639, leaving two children. His widow afterwards married Thomas Fox, 
said to be a descendant of the historian of the martyrs. She died May 
27, 1682, aged 82, according to her tombstone. In 1691, there was a 
lawsuit between the grandchildren of Percival Green, and Thomas Fox, 
to recover the old homestead that had belonged to their grandfather, and 
which was then in the possession of Fox, who succeeded in retaining it. 

It is supposed that Percival Green was the brother of Bartholomew, 
who settled in Cambridge in 1633. Thomas, in his History of Printing 
(page 235), asserts this as a fact; but his account of them in other 
respects is very inaccurate. 

Second Generation. 

The children of Percival and Ellen Green were — 

John, b. June, 1636 ; a member of the church ; married, Oct. 20, 1656, 
Ruth, dau. of Edward Mitchelson. In May, 1681, he succeeded his 
father-in-law as marshal-general of the Colony. He was superseded in 
office by Samuel Gookin, in 1687, but was reinstated Aug. 15, 1689. He 
d. March 3, 1691. His widow afterwards married Samuel Champney, 
of Cambridge. An inventory of his estate was made April 4, 1691, by 
Matthew Hastings and Jonathan Remington. It was appraised at <£85 
16s. 6d. Among the items were " A House & orchard w th y e privilidge 
in y e Towne Comons o£20," and " Sixteen Acres of land on Cambridge 
Rocks, ,£14." 

Elizabeth, b. April, 1639; m. June 2, 1656, John Hall, of Concord, 
and d. Feb. 14, 1713-14. 

Third Generation. 
The children of John and Ruth (Mitchelson) Green were — 
John, b. July 24, 1657. He was taken prisoner by the Turks in 1681. 
(See Noadiah Russell's Diary, in Gen. Reg., vol. vii.) He m. Nov. 22, 
1684, Mary, dau. of Joseph Bradish. His children were, John, b. Aug. 

23, 1688, m. Jan. 25, 1711-12, Elizabeth Corey, and had Joseph, b. Oct. 

24, 1712; Mary, bap. June 26, 1698; Sarah, b. June 12, 1701; also 
dau. Hannah. 

Nathaniel, b. Sept. 25, 1658. 

Percival, b. March 29. 1660 ; H. Coll. 1680 ; kept school in Roxbury, 
and was a preacher ; d. July 10, 1684. 

Ruth, b. Nov. 25, 1661; m. Nov. 18, 1685, Zachanah Hicks, and d. 
before 1704. 

106 Percival and Ellen Green. [April, 

Samuel, b. May 4, 1663; m. Nov. 18, 1685, Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph 
Sill. His will is dated July 23, 1692. He left two children — Samuel, 
b. probably 1689, and Elizabeth. 

Elizabeth, b. April 22, 1665 ; m. Jan. 8, 1682-3, Thomas Johnson. 

Edward, b. April 15, 1667; a shipmaster, and d. 1696, probably unm. 

Thomas, b. March 7, 1668-9. 

Jonathan, b. probably 1671. He is named in his brother Edward's 
will. Was a housewright by trade. He had conveyed to him the estate 
of Edward Mitchelson, in 1693, which was sold three years after to 
Joseph Coolidge. It was situated at the corner of Dunster and Harvard 
Streets, Cambridge. 

Bethiah, b. Jan. 20, 1672-3 ; m. Joseph Hicks, and d. April 12, 1708. 

Joseph, b. Nov. 24, 1675; H. C. 1695; m. March 16, 1698-9, Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Rev. Joseph and Ann (VValdron) Gerrish, of Wenham. He 
was ordained over the church at Salem village, now Danvers, Nov. 10, 
1697. The churches of Salem, Beverly, Wenham, Reading, and Rox- 
bury were represented on the occasion. His salary was £80 and thirty 
cords of wood. He settled the difficulties that had arisen during the 
ministry of Mr. Parris, whom he succeeded. He introduced the half-way 
covenant, and baptized one hundred and six adults and five hundred and 
twenty-eight children. He died Nov. 26, 1715. The church record 
declares him to be " the choicest flower and goodliest tree in the garden 
of our Lord." His remains lie buried in the Wadsworth burial-ground 
at Danvers, and a Latin inscription on his tombstone is still legible. He 
appears to have been highly esteemed, and his death was much lamented. 
Rev. John Barnard classes him among " men of learning, pious, humble, 
prudent, faithful, and useful men in their day." (Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. x. 
p. 170.) In the Massachusetts Historical library is a sermon preached 
on the occasion of his death, by Rev. Joseph Capen, of Topsfield, " with 
a Prefatory Epistle by Dr. Increase Mather, and an Elegy by Mr. Noyes, 
of Salem." Allen, in his Biographical Dictionary, says that a sermon 
upon his death, by T. Blowers, was published. His widow survived him, 
and afterwards married Rev. William Brattle, of Cambridge. She was 
b. Oct. 9, 1673, and d. at Med ford, May 22, 1747. 

Benjamin, b. Aug. 13, 1677. 

Mitchelson, b. March 14, 1680-1, and d. Oct. 21, 1681. 

Mary, birth not recorded, but named in her brother Edward's will. 

The following is a copy of Rev. Joseph Green's will : 
44 In y e name of God, Amen, I, Joseph Green, of Salem, in y e county 
of Essex, Clerk, being sick of Body, but of perfect memory & under- 
standing, Blessed be God for it, doe make this my Last Will & Testam 1 , 
In forme and manner following. Imprimis. I Give up my Soul to God 
when he [shall be] pleased to Call for it, and my Body to Decent Chris- 
tian buryall att y e Discretion of my Executrix, hopeing for a glorious 
Ressurection In & thro' y e meritts of Jesus Christ my Lord & only Saviour 
& Redeemer, and I Committ my Widow & Children to y e good provi- 
dence of God, y* hath promised to be a father to y e fatherless & a hus- 
band to y e Widow, & I committ y e fllock & Congregation of whom God 
hath made mee overseer, to y e good providence of God, Trusting that 
God will In Mercy provide for them. And as for y e Temporal Estate y l 
God hath been to bless mee withall, 1 dispose of in manner following. 
Item. I Give to my beloved wife out of my Estate after my Just Debts 

1861.] Percival and Ellen Green. 107 

are payd, one hundred & fourty pounds & the use of my Indian Slave so 
long as shee Continues my widow. Item. I Give to my Son* Eighty 
pounds certaine towards his Learning att y e Colledge, If y l Doth not 
amount To his Double portion, Then to have so much as will make it 
up. 3. I Give Twenty pounds to pious & Charitable uses att y e Dis- 
cretion of my Executrix. 4. I Give to my Hon rd Mother Champney, five 
pounds, If shee lives to [be] quite blind, to be part of y e twenty pounds. 
5. After my funeral Charges is paid, the Rest of my Estate I give to be 
Improved for y e Education & Disposing of my Children now born, or yet 
to be born,f att the Discretion of my Executrix. Item. I make my well 
beloved Wife to be Executrix of This my Will, and I Doe Give her 
hereby full power to make sale of my parte, or of all my Lands, to ac- 
complish y e End above Expressed, & her title shall be holden Good. 

In Confirmation & Testimony of This my last Will and Testament, I 
have hereunto sett my hand & seale, This Eighteenth Day of November, 
In y e year of our Lord, 1715. Joseph Green. 

Signed, Sealed & Declared Essex, ss. Salem, Dec. 29, 1715. 

In y e presence of us, Before y e Hon ble Jn° Appleton, Esq re 

Edward Putnam, Judge of y e probate of Wills in said 

»t h f, m ^ k County of Essex. 

Mary M. Putnam, J 

Jonath. Putnam. 

An inventory of his estate was taken Jan. 25, 1715-16, by Jona. Put- 
nam, John Higginson, and Jno. Gardner, " Prisors." It amounted to 
.£1053 15s. 8d. Among the items was an Indian maid servant, valued 
at ,£35. 

Fourth Generation. 

The children of Rev. Joseph and Elizabeth (Gerrish) Green were — 

Anna, b. Nov. 27, 1699, and d. Aug. 8, 1725. 

(stillborn), Jan. 11, 1700-1. 

John, b. Dec. 22, 1701 ; H. Coll. 1719. Was a preacher and then a 
merchant, and d. at Batavia in 174-, on his passage from England to 
Bengal. He was one of Prince's subscribers. 

Joseph, b. Dec. 12, 1703 ; m. Dec. 28, 1727, Anna, dau. of Joshua 
and Elizabeth (Hall) Pierce, of Portsmouth, N. H. He was a successful 
merchant in Boston, and owned a large estate in Hanover Street, where 
the American House now stands, and which was purchased by him in 
1734 of Gov. Belcher, for £3600. He was associated in business with 
Mr. Isaac Walker, under the style of Green & Walker, which was a well 
known firm in their day. In 1740, this firm, together with Byfield Lyde 
and John Green (probably Joseph's brother), received a large tract of 
land in Franklin County, " as an Equivalent for Lands surrendred by 
them to the Government, iying in the Upper Houssatonnoc, in order to 
accommodate the Indian Town called Stockbridge." This territory was 
afterwards known as the Green & Walker grant. In 1756, Joseph Green 
received a commission as a magistrate from Gov. Shirley, and one in 
1761 from Gov. Bernard. In 1764, he was one of a committee to prepare 
instructions for the representatives in the general court. He appears to 
have taken much interest in the politics of his times, and was liberal in 

* This was his eldest son, John, who graduated at Harvard College in 1719. 
t His dau. Ruth was born five months after his death. 

110 Notes on the Blake Family. [April, 


[Communicated by John H. Blake.] 

u The founder of this family in Ireland was Richard Blake, alias 
Caddell, who accompanied Prince John in 1185 into this Kingdom, and 
subsequently obtained large grants in Connaught. His descendant and 
namesake was commanded in 1303 as sheriff of Connaught to levy a debt 
due to the crown by David de Burgo. In 1309 John le Blake and Gilbert 
le Blake sued out writs of right connected with lands, as did Richard le 
Blake in the following year. In 1355 Walter Poer Blake was one of the 
influential proprietors of Waterford." 

In 1387, when Robert de Vere Marquess of Dublin ruled Ireland, Henry 
Blake was Burgess of that town ; a branch of the family was then settled 
in the county of Kildare (where it gave name to the locality of Blakes- 
town), as was another in Meath. In 1487 Robert Blake was Bishop of 
Clonmacnoise by the Pope's provision. 

In the time of Queen Elizabeth died Luke Blake of New Ross, leaving 
Mark his son and heir, who died in 1604, when Luke, junior, his son and 
heir, was aged only five years ; the latter died in 1623 leaving John Blake 
his brother and heir of full age. 

The foregoing is from " King James' Irish Army list," vol. 2nd, p. 268, 
published in Dublin, Aug. 1860, and by the same authority it appears 
that in 1640 John Blake, alias Caddell, presented a petition to the commis- 
sioners of the transplantation of Connaught, wherein, after stating that 
he and his ancestors, whose heir he is by lineal descent of eleven genera- 
tions, as proveable by many ancient and authentic documents, " is and 
have been seized of their inheritance of the Castle and two water mills of 
Kiltorragh, and a moiety of the lands thereto belonging, and of two quarters 
and a half in Slew Clare, parcel of Kiltorragh and of the moiety of the 
castle and four quarters of land in Killtullagh,and of divers messuages and 
lands within the Liberties of Galway and Athenry, and that the petitioner 
and his ancestors did plant thereabout, being an ancient English family, 
and there continued without change of language, manners or habit, and 
without once matching with any Irish family, since the ninth year of 
Edward the Second, and that said premises have been ever English land, 
exempt from Irish jurisdiction or exactions as free as any within the Pale, 
same having been then purchased from Thomas Hobridge by the petition- 
er's ancestor Richard Caddell called " the black" To this memorial was 
annexed a proof of the respective links of the petitioner's pedigree, where- 
upon the said Commissioners reported upon all which we conceive that 
the estate of inheritance now held by the said John Blake of the premises, 
was in his said ancestors, whose heir male he is, before his majesty's title 
accrued to the said county of Galway." 

Francis Blake, of this old Galway family, was one of the confederates at 
the Supreme Council of Kilkenny, of which Assembly Sir Richard Blake, 
the founder of the family of Ardfry, was speaker. In 1668 and 1677, 
Walter Robert, Martin Andrew, son and heir of Walter and Peter Blake, 
had confirmatory grants of land in Galway, and in 1681 Robert, son and 
heir of Richard Blake, had like grants of 12,000 acres in Galway, Mayo 
and Meath; as had Marcus Blake of 1,189 acres in Mayo. In King 
James's New Charter to Galway in 1687 fourteen of the name of Blake 

1861.] Neglected Biography. Ill 

were set down upon the Roll of Burgesses. Joseph Henry Blake, the 
representative of the Ardfry line, was in 1800 ennobled by the title of 
Lord Baron Wallscourt* 


The following account of a descendant of the great navigator Magellan, 
or, as his name is often written, Magelhaens, is extracted from Nelson's 
History of Islington, under the head of" Burials." There will always be 
attached to the name of Magelhaens much of interest, for the name alone, 
but this descendant was in other respects a man of note. 

" John Hyacynth de Magelhaens, buried Feb. 13, 1790, aged 67." 
Such is the short record of the burial of a distinguished man, in the 
Register of the parish church of Islington ; to which is added, as follows, 
from the work before mentioned : — 

" This man was Fellow of the Royal Society, and member of sev- 
eral foreign academies, and had been formerly an Augustine Monk at 
Lisbon. He was great-grandson to the celebrated navigator Ferdinando 
Magelhaens, who gave name to the strait discovered by him in 1519. 
He was also related to the Jesuit Magelhaens, who travelled over China 
from 1640 to 1648, till he was carried to the court of Pekin, where he 
resided 29 years and died in 1677. Having renounced the Roman 
Catholic religion, he came to reside in England about the year 1764. 
He was a studious, ingenious, and learned man, particularly distinguished 
among the literati in this and other enlightened countries, for his intimate 
acquaintance with most branches of natural philosophy, and no less in- 
genious for his experiments therein, particularly in mechanics. He was 
author and translator of many noted and ingenious works, particularly an 
edition of" Cronstedt's Essay towards a System of Mineralogy." Among 
his smaller works was much esteemed a tract on impregnating common 
water with fixed air, and his celebrated invention to imitate the qualities 
and effects of all medical waters, Bath, Pyrmont, Spa, Tunbridge, &c. 
He also published several other treatises in Chemistry, an account of 
various Philosophical instruments, and a Narrative of the last days of 
Rousseau, to which his name is not affixed. His languages were Por- 
tuguese, Spanish, Italian, English, French, a little Dutch, and good Latin, 
and he was particularly known in the Low Countries, having travelled 
there with young foreigners. He possessed a Canonry in the Austrian 
Netherlands, and bore the character of a mild, charitable, and humane 
Christian. All the Literati in Europe knew something of his merit, and 
most of them were desirous to know more. He died in Lodgings at 
Islington; and having desired that where the tree fell, there it might lie, 
and that no tombstone should mark the place of his interment, he was 
accordingly buried privately, but genteelly, in the Churchyard, about 15 
yards parallel with the east end of the Church on the north side." 

112 Rev. William Tompson. [April, 


[Communicated by Mr. Frederick Chase of Hanover, N. H.J 

Rev. William Tompson was born in Lancashire, Eng., in 1598. At 
the time of his removal to New England, in 1637, he had been settled as 
preacher in his native place, several years, and two years after, Sept. 24, 
1639, was installed at Braintree, now Quincy, Mass., and ordained 19 
Nov. following. May 13, 1640, he was admitted a freeman. He re- 
mained at Braintree until his death, Dec. 10, 1666, with the exception of 
the year 1642-3, which he passed as a Missionary in Virginia. During 
his stay there his wife Abigail died, Jan. 1643. She accompanied him 
from England, and was the mother of his first four children. 

While in Virginia Mr. Tompson was instrumental in the conversion of 
Daniel Gookin, who in consequence removed to New England in 1644. 
This man was the great ancestor of the Gookin family in New England, 
and held many places of honor and trust. He was representative from 
Cambridge in 1649, and 1651, and during the latter year Speaker of the 
House. In 1681 he was appointed Major General. Died March 19, 
1687, M. 75. Mather's Magnalia regards him as one of the " Constella- 
tion" of converts made by the labors of Rev. William Tompson. 

" Gookins was one of these : by Tompson's pains 
Christ and New England a dear Gookins gains." 

The following is from " Johnson's Wonder- Working Providence," 
published 1651. 

"About this time [1640] there was a Town and Church planting at 
Mount Wollestone, and named Braintree. It was occasioned by some 
old Planters and certain Farmers belonging to the great Town of Boston. 
Having some inlargement of Land they began to be well peopled, calling 
to office among them the reverend and godly Mr. W r illiam Tompson, and 
Mr. Henry Flint, the one to the office of a Pastor, the other of a Teacher. 
The people are purged by their industry from the soure leven of those 
sinful opinions that began to spread. 

" The Reverend Mr. Tompson is a man abounding in zeal for the 
propagation of the Gospel, and of an ardent affection ; insomuch that he 
is apt to forget himself in things that concern his own good. Both him 
and the like gracious Mr. Flint is here remembered." 

" With two-fold cord doth Flint and Tompson draw 
In Christ's yoke, his fallow ground to break, 
Wounding men's hearts with his most righteous Law. 
Cordials apply to Weary Souls and weak — 
Tompson, thou hast Christ's folk encouraged. 
To war, their warfare putting them in mind 
That Christ their King will make his sons the dread 
The day's at hand when they shall mastery find. 
Flint, be a second to this Champion stout, 
In Christ's your strength while you do for him war. 
When first doth faint a second helps him out. 
Till Christ renew with greater strength by far. 

* It has been often remarked, that the ditFerent ways of spelling this patronymic, 
denoted the origin of those who bore it ; namely, that Tompson is English, Tomson t 
Scotch, and Thompson, Irish. However this may be, it would at this day be very diffi- 
cult to settle the question in a satisfactory manner. Especially, as it is quite probable 
that many descendants of the Tompsons at this day write their names Thompson, Tomson, 
and vice versa. — Editor. 

1861.] Rev. William Tompson. 113 

From East to West your labors lasted have — 
The more you toil, the more your strength increaseth, 
Your works will bide when you are laid in grave, 
His truth advanceth whose Kingdom never ceaseth." 

William Tompson 1 came to New England in or before 1637. He had 
been a preacher at a place called Winwick, in his native county. He 
was a graduate of Oxford, at which university he was admitted, 28 Jan. 
1619, at the age of 22; hence he was born about 1597. His wife (Abi- 
gail ) doubtless emigrated with him, as her maiden name does not 

appear. He had bv his wife Abigail, 

1. Hellen, 2 b. 1626, m. 1, William Veazy, and 2, French, d. 23 

April, 1711 ; William Veazy, d. 16 June, 1681, se. 65. 

2. William, 2 H. C. 1653, m. Catharine, dau. Richard Treat, (minister of 
Weathersfield, Ct.,) 19 Nov. 1655. Settled in Springfield, Ms., and was 
living in 1698. 

3. Samuel, 2 b. 1631, resided in Braintree, was deacon, &c, m. 1, 
Sarah, dau. P^dward and Violet Shepard, of Cambridge, 1656. He d. 18 
June, 1695 ; 2, Elizabeth Billings, 4 Oct. 1680. 

4. Joseph, 2 b. 1 May, 1640; m. 1, Marv, dau. Edwd Denison, who d. 
£e. 91. 2, Mary Bracket, 24 July, 1662, who d. 9 Oct. 1743. He settled 
in Billerica, where he was a captain, member of the Gen. Court, &c, &c. 

5. Benjamin, 9 b. 14 July, 1642 ; H. C. 1662 ; physician, poet, mathe- 
matician, &c, d. April 13, 1714, se. 72. He m. Susanna, dau. of Philip 
and Alice Kirtland.(a) Specimens of his poetry may be seen in Mather's 
Magnalia and Hubbard's Indian Wars. His wife d. 27 July, 1693. 

6. Hannah. 

The Rev. Wm. Tompson, 1 m. 2dly, Anna, wid. of Simon Crosby(i) of 
Cambridge, about 1647. She d. 11 Oct. 1675. Her husband, Crosby, d. 
Sept. 1639. The issue by this marriage was a dau. named Anna, b. 1, 
3 mo. 1648. It is not known whether William 2 had issue. 

Samuel, 2 who m. Sarah Shepard, had children, as follows: — 

1. Sarah, 3 b. 2. 27. 1657. 

2. Samuel, 8 b. 6 Nov. 1662, m. Hannah, dau. Dea. Robt. Parmenter, 
25. 10. 1684. She was b. 11 mo. 17, 1658. He lived in Braintree, and 
was a man of importance in that town. He was a subscriber to Prince's 

3. Edward, 3 b. 20 April, 1665, H. C. 1684; minister of Marshfield, 
where he was ordained, 14 Oct. 1696 ; had been a schoolmaster at New- 
bury. From a memorandum in his own hand I take this record : — u The 
Church gave me, Edward Tompson, a call ; I was ordained 14 Oct. 1696, 
in the 31st year of my age. My text was Isaiah 6 : 9 and 10. Mr. 
Samuel Torrey of Weymouth gave me my Charge. Mr. Ichabod 
Wiswall of Duxbury gave me the right hand of fellowship." He m. 
Sarah , d. 16 March, 1705, ge. 40. On his gravestone (at Marsh- 
field) is the following inscription : — 

" Here in a tyrants hand doth captive lye 
A rare synopsis of Divinitie 
Old patriarchs, prophets, gospel bishops meet 
Under deep silence in their winding sheet 
There rest a while in hopes and full intent 
When their Icing calls, to meet in parliament." 

* For many of the facts in this brief genealogy of the Tompson family the Editor is 
indebted to his friend, Mr. F. M. Bartlett, communicated several years since. 

114 Rev. William Tompson. [April, 

4. Abigail, 1 b. 10 Nov. 1667, m. John Pierce, 25 Jan. 1693, d. 24 
June, 1747. He was the son of Thomas, and grand-son of Robert Pierce 
of Dorchester, the emigrant. This John, 3 had a son John, 4 the father of 
John, 4 who was father of the late Rev. Dr. John Pierce of Brookline. 
See Register, vol. iii. p. 408 ; ix. 196. 

5. Hannah, 3 b. 6 Aug. 1672, m. Nathaniel Rawson. 

6. Sarah, 3 b. 1 Jan. 1679, m. Benj. Allen of Braintree, 2 Oct. 1702, 
who d. 2 Oct. 1733. 

7. William, 3 d. 4. 2. 1675? 

Benjamin, 8 (the Poet, &c.) who m. Susanna, dau. of Alice and Philip 
Kirtland, had children, 1. Abigail, b. at Boston, 25 : 9 : 1670, joined 
the church in Braintree, 17 July, 1693. 

2. Susannah, 3 b, in Boston, 10 : 4; 1673, m. John Saunders, 24 May, 
1698; Rev. Saml. Sewall officiating. They had a dau. Susannah, b. 5 
March, 1699. 

3. Anna, 3 b. in Charlestown, 10 Feb. 1676, m. Joseph Belcher of Ded- 
ham, 9 Jan. 1694. 

4. Ellenor, 3 b. at Braintree, 29 : 9 : 1679, bapt. 30 Sept. She was 3d 
wife to Rev. Thomas Symmes of Bradford. 

5. Benjamin, 3 b. at Braintree, 8:9: 1682, bapt. 12 Sept., m. Hannah 
Ellis of Boston. 

6. Elizabeth, 3 b. at Braintree, 14 : 11 : 1684, bapt. 18 Nov., m. Rev. 
Joseph Parsons of Lebanon, Ct., and Salisbury, Ms. See N. E. H. and 
G. Reg., i, 266-8. She was the mother of the Rev. Samuel Parsons of 
Rye, N. H. 

7. Philip, 3 b. in Braintree, 26 May, 1687 ; m. Mary, dau. of George, 
son of George Mountjoy, of Falmouth, Me. She d. 25 Jan. 1739. He 
was a physician in Roxbury. 

The Rev. Edward Tompson, 3 who m. Sarah , had 

1. Samuel, 4 b. in Newbury, 1 Sept, 1691, H. C. 1710, ord. Minister of 
Gloucester, Ms., 28 Nov. 1716, d. 8 Dec. 1724. 

2. Edward, 4 b. 14 May, 1695. A physician of Haverhill, Ms. 

3. William, 4 b. 26 April, 1697, H. C. 1718, minister of Scarborough, 
Me., 1728, d. 13 Feb. 1759, se. 62. He m. Anna Hubbard, of Salisbury, 
Ms., b. 22 July, 1702, d. 1775. 

4. John, 4 b. 17 Sept. 1699 ; lived in Pomfret, Ct. 

5. Joseph, 4 b. 1704, a farmer, of Falmouth, Me. 

6. Sarah, 4 who m. Clark. 

7. Anna, 4 who m. Thomas. 

8. Abigail, 4 who m. Judge Longfellow of Gorham, Me* 

Philip Tompson 3 who m. Mary Mountjoy, had the following children, 
and perhaps others, as appears from inscriptions in the Roxbury burying- 

1. Susanna, 4 d. 7 April, 1721, a. 2 yrs. 5 mo. and 18 days. 

2. Elinor, 4 d. 3 Jan. 1720, a. 2 mo." 6 days. 

3. Joseph, 4 d. 27 Oct. 1739, in the 13th year of his age. 
William Tompson, 4 who m. Anna Hubbard, had 

1. William, 6 b. 25 May, 1730 ; lived at Scarboro\ d. unm. 1 Feb. 

2. Anna,* b. 9 Nov. 1738, m. Joseph Gerrish of Kittery, d. 11 Aug. 
1772. Mr. G. was a grad. H, C. 

3. John,' b. 3 Oct. 1740, H. C. 1765, 1st minister of Standish, Me.. 
Berwick, 1814, d. 21 Dec. 1828. He m. 1, Sarah Small of Somers- 

1861.] Rev. William Tompson. 115 

worth, N. H. 1768 ; 2d, widow Sarah Merrill, dau. of Elisha Allen of 
Salisbury, d. 24 Aug. 1825. From this John Tompson are many 


(a) This is on the authority of the Will of widow Alice Thomas, made 
26 Jan. 1696. She was the widow of Philip Kirtland of Lynn, to whom 
she was m. about Oct. 1659. From the Register we find that Philip 
Kirtland had, among other children, Susannah, b. 8 March, 1652. This 
child is assumed to be the wife of Benj. Tompson, and was about ten 
years younger than he. 

[This Article was not received until the Genealogy was finished, but it 
was not thought advisable to make any alterations in the Genealogy, 
although some variation is observable, as appears by the following docu- 
ment : — ] 

(b) Articles of Agreement betweene M r8 Anna Thomson Widdow of 
M r William Thomson, of Braintry, Administratrix to his Estate & M rs 
Thomsons Children Concerning the Estate, who died without will vpon 
the 10th f t he 10th month 1666. 

First, that M rs Anna Thomson shall haue all the mouable Estate to her 
selfe &; heires or assignes foreuer, & all the debts & legacies due to the 
Estate, shall also pay all debts due from the Estate, And if there remaine 
any Estate of our mothers besides what shee shall lay out for a Comforta- 
ble subsistance during her life, Our yongest sister, Hannah Thomson, 
shall haue Twenty pounds payd out of the same, but if the Estate left by 
Mrs Thomson reach not to make up an Equall Portion to the other children, 
(Excepting the heire,) Samuell Thomson, Joseph Thomson, Benjamin 
Thomson & William Vezy, children of M r Thomson deceased, shall 
make vp her portion out of their owne Estates. 

Also, that the House & Laud, after our deare mothers decease & improue- 
ment during her life, which together with Orchard & Pasture, shee may 
as long as shee liueth single* improue or let, shall fall as an Inheritance 
to M r Thomsons Children vizt. to Samuell Thomson, Joseph Thomson, 
Benjamin Thomson & William Vezy to bee diuided according to Lawe, 
allowing the heire a dubble Portion to them & their heires foreuer. 

And that Joseph Crosby, M rs Thomsons son, shall bee security that that 
part of the Estate which is to fall to the Children, vizt. Housing, Orchard 
Pasture, fencing &c. shall be in like Condition that now it is, Excepting 
the Casualty by fyer, to this last Article the said Joseph Crosby binds 
himselfe, his heires, Executo r8 & assignes. 

Ann Thomson. Joseph Crosby. 

Signed 2d May 1667. Samuell Thomson. 

Benjamin Thomson. 

Witnesses, Joseph Arnall. 
Joseph Belcher. 

Att a County Court held at Boston the 4^ May 1667. 

This Agreement betweene M r " Ann Thomson, Administratrix to the 
Estate of the late M r William Thomson, & Samuell Thomson the Eldes 
sonn in behalfe of the rest, & Joseph Crosby sonn of the late M r Symcrti 
Crosby & Ann his wife as his mothers surety with Benjamin Thomson 
Acknowledging the same to be their Agreement, The Court allowed & 

* This word is omitted on the record. Though found in the original, on file, there 
is a doubt in regard to it, whether it was intended to be erased or substituted for 
another word, previously written. We incline to have it stand. t. 

116 Rev. William Tompson. [April, 

approved of this their Agreement & Orders the same to bee a fynall 
issue & determination of that Estate betweene them. 

Edward Rawson, Recorder. 
Suffolk Probate Records, Vol. 1, p. 525. 
Inventory of the Estate of M r William Thomson, taken by Edmond 
Quinsey, William Sauell. 

[The two following petitions will serve to illustrate the character of a 
man who filled a prominent station in Boston and neighboring towns for 
many years. They were communicated by Mr. W. B. Trask.] 
To his Excellency, 

S r Edmund Andros Knight Govern 1 " 

Cap 4 Generall of all his Majesties territories 
in New England. 
The most humble Petition of Benjamin Tompson Physician and Schoole 
Maister of the towne of Braintrey, Shewing that Your poore Suppliants 
father, a divine of good note, declaring it was not lands hee came for, 
lived and died with his heart always above worldly things, his not begging 
as others did, others of far inferiour note being vastly accomodated, puts 
mee who have a numerous race upon this essay, not having found y r 
Excellency averse therunto. I therefore humbly Begge part of the lands 
to mee demised by the towne, viz. twenty acres of upland fit for pasturage 
only, lying between M r Shepards Farme and the towne, As also twelve 
Acres of Salt Marish by mee this yeare demised to Capt. Sam 1 White, 
Also one or two hundred Acres of Wilderness land, bounded Southerly 
with land Petitioned by Sam 1 Niles, the Roade Running thorow the same. 
I know not any other way to gaine a lasting acknowledgment of my 
fathers and his orphans service in the towne. I am also hereby willing 
to shroud my person, my children, and my estate under the umbrage of 
o r gracious Sovereigne, and shall seasonably bring in an account of the 
small shreds of land I have that 1 may obtain a patent thereof. Which 
granted, I shall owne y r Excellency the Greate M^cenas and rebuilder 
of my decaying family. And as it is my duty myself, teaching my chil- 
dren for ever to pray o r dread Sovereigns subject. 

9 Junis Calendas Y° r Exceilencys faithful serv 1 . 

1688. Benjamin Tompson. 

Annoq Regni Regis Jacobis Secundi tertio. 
Mag. Brit. Angl, Scot. Franc. & Hib. Fidei defensoris, &c. 

Mass. Archives, Book 128, p. 247. 

Honoured Sr, 

I cannot unlesse I relinquish my imploy which is meane and Incourage- 
ments meaner, prosecute my petition as I ought to doe : But It would bee 
the highest incivility and ingratitude not to owne his Exc lc Indulgency 
therein. If my petition bee arrived y r hands I begge of you, a writt to 
the Survey 1 ", and I hope to obtaine the desireable hand usual to soulifie it 
and In all other things intend a full and Customary prosecution as far as 
purse and my small interests amounts unto: Meane time I most humbly 
kisse y r hand. 

His Maj s faithfull Subject & 
Aprill 4*h Yr Hon™ frd. & serv*. 

1689. Benj: Tompson. 

The petition I hereby intend is my last petition. 

Mass. Archives, Book 129, p. 357. 

1861.] Mason Family. 117 


Some of the descendants of Major John Mason, the Conqueror of 

the Pequots. 

[Communicated by Hon. Reuben H. Walworth, of Saratoga Springs.] 

I Gen. Major John Mason, born in England, about 1600, was a 
Lieut, in the army, and served in the Netherlands under Sir Thomas 
Fairfax. He emigrated to America about 1630, settled in Dorchester, 
and represented that town in the General Court. In Oct. 1635, he re- 
moved to Windsor, Ct., in company with the Rev. John Warham, Henry 
Wolcott, Esq., and others of the first settlers of that town ; where he was 
elected an Assistant or Magistrate of the colony in 1642. In May, 1637, 
he commanded the successful expedition against the Pequots, near New 

London. He m. about 1640, Anne , and in 1647 removed his family 

to Saybrook. In 1660 he became one of the first settlers of Norwich ; 
where he was Deputy Governor and Major General of the forces of the 
colony. He d. 30 Jan. 1672, at Norwich, where his widow d. very 
shortly afterwards. 

Their children were: — (l)PriscUla,[f] b. Oct. 1641, at Windsor, m. 

Rev. James Fitch ; — (2) Samuel,[f] b. July, 1664, at W., m. 1, ; 2, 

Elizabeth Peck ;— (3) John,[t ] b. Aug. 1646, at W., m. Abigail Fitch ;— - 
(4) Rachel, b. Oct. 1648 at Saybrook, m. 12 June, 1678, Charles Hill 
of New London, son of George Hill of Derbyshire, Eng., and d. 4 April 
1679, at N. L., in giving birth to twins, who d. with her; — (5) ^4ww6,[f] 
b. June, 1650, atS., m. Capt. John Brown, of Swansey ; — (6)Daniel,[i] b. 

April, 1652, at Saybrook, in. 1, Margaret Denison, 2, ; 3, Rebecca 

Hobart ; — (7) Elizabeth, b. Aug. 1654, at S., who prob. d. unm. 

II Gen. 1. Priscilla Mason, m. Oct. 1664, Rev. James Fitch, first 
minister of Norwich, b. 24 Dec. 1622, at Booking in Eng., came to 
America in 1638, and was ordained as the minister of Saybrook in 1646. 
She was his second wife. [By his first wife Abigail Whitfield, who d. 
9 Sept. 1659, at S., he had 6 children; James, b. 2 Aug. 1649, who m. 
twice, and d. at Canterbury; Abigail, b. 5 Aug. 1650, prob. m. Capt. 
John Mason ; Elizabeth, b. 2 Jan. 1652, m. Rev. Edward Taylor; Han- 
nah, b. 17 Sept. 1653; Samuel, b. April, 1655, and Dorothy, b. April, 
1658, m. Nathaniel Bissell.] Rev. James Fitch d. 18 Nov. 1702, at 
Lebanon. His children by his last wife, Priscilla Mason, were : — (8) 
Daniel, b. Aug. 1665, at Norwich. He m. and settled at New London 
North Parish, now Montville, and had a family of children. My infor- 
mation as to most of his family and descendants is very imperfect, but I 
have ascertained that he had at least three children ; 1. Daniel, who m. 

Sarah , and d. in 1755, leaving a property worth from forty to fifty 

thousand dollars, and leaving a widow surviving him, and two sons and 7 
daughters, who were living at the date of his will, in May, 1755 ; to wit: 
Samuel Sherwood, James, Abiah, Rachel, Eleanor, Sarah, Mary, Anne, 
and Abigail ; 2. Capt. Adonijah, of Montville, who m. twice. I have 
not been able to ascertain his first wife's name, or all his children by her. 
For his second wife he m. 22 April, 1744, Anne (Hyde) Gray, dau. of 
Samuel Hyde and Elizabeth Calkins of Lebanon, and wid. of Simon 
Gray of L. Anne Fitch, dau. of Capt. Adonijah, by his first wife, m. 

118 Mason Family. [April, 

1 Jan. 1750, her second cousin, Samuel Hyde (162), eldest son of Sam- 
uel Hyde and Priscilla Bradford of Lebanon, (See No. 55). Sarah Fitch, 
another dau. of Capt. Adonijah, by his first wife, m. 7 April, 1751, 
Thomas Rogers, son of Daniel Rogers of N. L. N. P., (now Montville,) 
and had 7 children recorded to them at N. L. ; Elizabeth, b. 25 June, 
1751 ; Parthenia, b. 8 Nov. 1752; Adonijah, b. 18 Nov. 1754 ; Sarah, b. 
10 April, 1757 ; Andrew, b. 24 July, 1759 ; Azel, b. 27 Jan. 1765 ; and 
Frederick, b. 11 April, 1767; 3. Mary, b. about 1706, who m. 18 Jan. 
1726, Rev. James Hillhouse, first minister of Montville, b. about 1688, 
at Freehall, Londonderry co., Ireland, son of John Hillhouse and Rachel 
his wife. He d. 15 Dec. 1740, and she had by him four children ; — 
Esquire John, b. 18 Dec. 1726, d. 9 April, 1735 ; William, b. 25 Aug. 
1728, m. 1 Nov. 1750, Sarah Griswold, and had by her 7 sons and three 
daughters ; James Abraham, b. 12 May, 1730, grad. at Yale, 1749, and 
d. 1775, s. p . ; and Rachel, m. 4 April, 1753, Deacon Joseph Chester, 
and d. 11 June, 1765, and had one dau., Mary,b. 1754, d. 1765. After 
the death of her first husband she m. 17 Nov. 1744, Rev. John Owen of 
Groton, and d. 1768, at the age of 62 years. She was probably the an- 
cestress of all who inherit the Hillhouse blood in the United States; — 
(9) John,[i] b. Jan. 1668, at N., m. Elizabeth Waterman ;—( 10) Jere- 

micih,[¥] b. Sept. 1670, at N., m. Ruth ; — (11) Jabez, b. April 

1672, at N., grad. at Harvard, 1694, was a Congregational clergyman, 
settled as Minister at Ipswich, 1703, and at Portsmouth, N. H., about 1725, 
where he d. 22 Nov. 1746 ;— (12) Anrie,[t] b. April 1675, at N., m. Jo- 
seph Bradford ;— ( 13) Nathaniel ,[i] b. Oct. 1679, at N., m. 1, Anne 
Abel; 2, Mindwell Tisdale ;— (14) Joseph.[i] b. Nov. 1681, at N., m. 
1, Sarah Mason ; 2, Anne Whiting ;— (15) Eleazer, b. 14 May, 1683, at 
N., m. his first cousin Martha Brown, (26) second dau. of Capt. John 
Brown of Swansey and Anne Mason, (See No. 5.) They settled at Leba- 
non where he was a Deacon of the church, and d. about 1747, s. p., and 
by his will left his property to his wife, who survived him. 

II Gen. 2. Major Samuel Mason, m. , and settled at Stoning- 

ton, where he was a Major of Militia, and an Assistant of the colony, 
where she died. His children by her were : — (16) John, b. 19 Aug. 
1676, at S., d. 20 March, 1705, unm. ;— (17) Anne,[t] m. her first cousin 
Capt. John Mason (22), son of Capt. John Mason (3) and Abigail Fitch ; 
(18) Sarah, who m. her first cousin Joseph Fitch, (See No. 14.) 

Major Samuel Mason then m. 4 July, 1694, Elizabeth Peck of Reho- 
both, and d. 30 March, 1705, at S., and was buried at Lebanon. She sur- 
vived him and m. Gershom Palmer of S. Major Mason's children by her 
were:— (19) Samuel, b. 26 Aug. 1695, at S., d. 28 Nov. 1701 ;— (20) 
Elizabeth,^] b. 6 May, 1697, at S., m. Rev. William Worthington ;— 
(21) Hannah, b. 14 April, 1699, at S., d. Nov. 1724, unm.; and her will, 
dated 4 Nov. 1724, at S., was proved 10 Dec. 1724. 

II Gen. 3. Capt. John Mason, m. Abigail, prob. dau. of Rev. James 
Fitch of Norwich, by his first wife. He settled at Norwich, and repre- 
sented that town several times in the colonial legislature, and was one ol 
the Assistants of the Colony. He commanded a company in King Philip's 
war, and was mortally wounded in the swamp fight at Narraganset, 19 
Dec. 1675 ; was carried to New London, where he lingered until 18 Sept. 
1676, when he died, Their children were :— (22) John,[i] m. 1, Anne 

1861.] Mason Family . 119 

Mason (17) ; 2, wid. Anne (Sanford) Noyes ; — (23) Anneal m. John Den- 


II Gen. 5. Anne Mason, m. 8 Nov. 1672, Capt. John Brown of 
Swansey, b. Sept. 1650, son of John Brown of S., who d. there in March, 
1662, and grandson of Mr. John Brown of Rehoboth, born in England, 
who was one of the assistants of the Plymouth Colony, and d. 10 April, 
1662, at Rehoboth. Capt. John Brown and wife settled at Swansey, and 
prob. both died there. Their children were : — (24) John, b. 28 April, 
1675, at S., m. 2 July, 1696, Abigail Cole ; was called Capt. John Brown, 
and d. about 1752, at S.,aged 77 years; — (25) Ly dia, b. 16 May, 1679, 
at S., prob. m. 15 March, 1705, Joseph VVadsworth of Lebanon, Ct., and 
d. 27 Dec. 1759, at L., and had 3 children ; John, b. 15 March, 1706, at 
L.; Mary, b. 29 Nov. 1707, at L., and Martha, b. 1 April, 1710 ;— (26) 
Martha, b. 20 Nov. 1681, at S., m. her first cousin Deacon Eleazer 
Fitch of Lebanon, (See No. 15);— (27) Daniel, b. 29 Oct. 1683, at S., d. 
in infancy ; — (28) Ebenezer ',[f] b. 15 June, 1685, at S., m. Sarah Hyde; — 
(29) Daniel 2, b. 26 Sept, 1686, at S.;— (30) Stephen.[i] b. 29 Jan. 1688, 

at S., m. 1, Mary Risley ; 2, Abigail , and 3, Mary Jacobs ; and 

(31) Joseph, b. 19 May, 1690, at S. 

II Gen. 6. Daniel Mason, m. Margaret Denison of Roxbury, b. 15 Dec. 
1650, dau. of Edward Denison, and Elizabeth Weld of R. He had by 
her one child (32), Daniel,[t] b. 26 Nov. 1674, at Stonington. During 
King Philip's War, Daniel .Mason sent his wife and child to her friends at 
Roxbury, where the child was bap. 9 May, 1676, by the apostle Eliot, & 

where she prob. died. Daniel Mason then m. , and lived for a 

time at Stonington, where she prob. died. He had by her one child ; — 
(33) Hezekiah,[t~] b. 3 May, 1677, at S., m. 1, Anne Bingham ; 2, Sarah 
Robinson. Daniel Mason was the school-master at Norwich in 1679, & 
for his 3d wife, he m. 10 Oct. 1679, Rebecca Hobart, dau. of Rev. Peter 
Hobart, minister of Hingham, Mass. She d. 8 April, 1727, at Stonington, 
where he d. about 1737. His children by her were : — (34) Peter, [f] born 
9 Nov. 1680, at S., m. Mary Hobart ;— (35) Rebecca, b. 10 Feb. 1682, 
at S., m. 6 Feb. 1707, Elisha Cheeseboro of S. ;— (36) Margaret, b. 21 
Dec. 1683, at S.;— (37) Samuel,[f] b. 11 Feb. 1686, at S.; 1, Elizabeth 
Fitch ; 2, Rebecca Lippincot ; — (38) Abigail, b. 3 Feb. 1689, at S.;— 
(39) Priscilla, b. 17 Sept. 1691, at S.;— (40 Nehemiah,[f] b. 24 Nov. 
1693, at S., m. Zerviah Stanton. 

III Gen. 9. John Fitch, m. 10 July, 1695, Elizabeth Waterman, b. 
Aug. 1675, at Norwich, eldest dau. of Thomas Waterman and Miriam 
Tracy of N. They settled at Windham, where he was J. P., town 
clerk, and Capt. of militia; and where he d. 24 May, 1743, and she d. 
25 June, 1751. Their children were :— (41) Elizabeth, b. 1 June, 1796, 
at W.;— (42) Miriam, b. 17 Oct. 1699, at W., m. 16 Oct. 1740, Hezekiah 
Ripley, b. 10 June 1695, at W., second son of Joshua Ripley and Han- 
nah Bradford of Hingham, and afterwards of W., and d. 9 Dec. 1744, s. 
p.;— (43) Priscilla, b. 5 Feb .1703, at W.;— (44) John,[i] b. 18 March, 
1705, at W., m. Alice Fitch. 

Ill Gen. 10. Jeremiah Fitch, m. Ruth . They settled at Leba- 
non, and removed to Coventry, where he. d. 1736. His will, dated 8 
March, 1736, at C, was admitted to probate 23 June, 1736. Their chil- 
dren were : — (45) Lucy, b. 18 Sept. 1699, at L., not named in will ; 

120 Mason Faintly. [April, 

prob. d. unm. ;— (46) Ruth (twin), b. 18 Sept. 1669, at L.;— (47) Han- 
nah, b. 18 Jan. 1701, at L.;— (48) Abner, b. 8 July, 1703, at L.;— (49) 
Jeremiah; — (50) Gideon; — (51) Elisha of Coventry, 1736, named as 
Executor; and (52) James. All these children, except Lucy, named 
in their father's will as then alive. 

Ill Gen. 12. Anne Fitch, m. 5 Oct. 1698, Joseph Bradford, only son 
of Major William Bradford of Plymouth, by his second wife the wid. 
Wiswall. They settled at Norwich, and removed to Lebanon, where she d. 
17 Oct. 1715. She had these children :— (53) Anne, b.26 July, 1699, at 
N.;— (54) Joseph,[i^\ b. 9 April, 1702, at N., m. Honoretta Swift ;— (55) 
Priscilla, (twin), b. 9 April, 1702, at N., m. Samuel Hyde ; — (56) and 
(57) Alithea and Irene, b. 6 April, 1704, and d. same month ; — (58) 
Sarah, b. 21 Sept. 1706 ;— (59) Hannah, b. 24 May, 1709 ;— (59) Eliza- 
beth, b. 21 Oct. 1712 ;— (60) Alithea 2d, b. 19 Sept. 1715, m. about 
1740, David Hyde, bap. 22 March, 1719, at Lebanon, fifth son of Samuel 
Hyde and Elizabeth Calkins of Lebanon. They settled at L., where he 
d. 1741. They had one child, David, bap. 11 Jan. 1741 ; — (61) Irene 
2d, (twin), b. 19 Sept. 1715, m, 18 March, 1736, Jonathan Janes of Leb- 

Ill Gen. 13. Capt. Nathaniel Fitch, m. 10 Dec. 1701, Anne Abel, b. 
2 April, 1681, at Norwich, second dau. of Joshua Abel and Mehitable 
Smith of N. They settled at Lebanon, where she d. 3 July, 1728. His 
children by her were : — (62") Anne, b. 5 Nov. 1702, at L.; — (63) Joshua, 
b. 13 Feb. 1704, at L., m. Mary, , and had 3 children at L.; 1, Jon- 
athan, b. 1 Dec. 1730 ; 2, Mary, b.25 April, 1732, and 3, Joseph Trum- 
bull, b. 28 May, 1734;— (64) Nathan, b. 29 March, 1705, at L., m. Han- 
nah Huntington, who d. 1 Feb. 1738, and he d. 12 June, 1750. They 
had 5 children ; 1, Ebenezer, b. 22 March, 1731, who prob. m. 20 March, 
1750, Lydia Fish, and had 7 children, one of whom Ebenezer, b. 29 
May, 1755, grad. at Yale, 1777, and was President of Williams College ; 
2, Simon, b. 24 Aug. 1733, d. 14 Dec. 1736; 3, Cyprian, b. 16 March, 
1734, d. 12 Dec. 1736 ; 4, Nathan, b. 26 June, 1736, prob. m. 9 Jan. 1755, 
Dinah Higby, and had 9 children ; 5, Abraham, b. 22 Jan. 1738, m. 

Elizabeth , and d. 1 April, 1821, at Lebanon ; — (65) Nehemiah, b. 10 

Feb. 1708, m. 3 Nov. 1731, Elizabeth Vetch of Lebanon, and had a son 
Ezra, b. 5 Sept. 1732, and other children ; — (66) James, b. 15 Oct. 1709, 
at L., m. Ann Abel, and had by her two children ; 1, Anne, b. 28 Feb. 
1729, and 2, Elizabeth, b. 28 June, 1731, at Lebanon, who m. her third 
cousin Col. Jeremiah Mason (204) of Lebanon, second son of Jeremiah 
Mason (110) and Mary Clark. James Fitch prob. m. another wife and 
had a son William, b. 18 Sept. 1734, at L.;— (67) John, b. 7 Jan. 1712, 
at L., prob. m. 5 Nov. 1734, Hannah Scott, and d. 7 Jan. 1742, and had 
5 children ; I, Anne, b. 6 Oct. 1735 ; 2, Hannah, b. 15 June, 1737 ; 3, Ben- 
jamin, b. 26 Jan. 1739; 4, Tryphena, b. 10 Aug. 1740; and 5, Azuba, 
b. 7 April, 1742, who m. 7 Feb. 1760, Oliver Wells ;— (68) Nathaniel, 
b. 14 May, 1714, at L.;— (69) Mehitable, b. 3 Feb. 1717, at L.;— (70) 
Elizabeth, b. 26 May, 1718, at L., d. 18 Dec. 1747, unm.;— (71) Rachel, 
b. Oct. 1720, at L., d. 23 Ma V , 1721 ;— (72) Abel, b. 22 Nov. 1722, at 
L.;_ (73) Caleb, b. 17 June, 1725, at L., prob. m. 4 April, 1747, Ruth 
Woodworth of Bozrah, who d. 19 March, 1751, and had by her two chil- 
dren ; 1, Anne, b. 7 Jan. 1748, and 2, Caleb, b. 23 March, 1750. Capt. 
Nathaniel Fitch (13) then m. 17 Sept. 1729, Mindwell Tisdale of Leba- 

1861.] Mason Family. 121 

non, and d. 4 May, 1759, at L., aged 79 years. His children by her 
were :— (74) Jabez, b. 4 Oct. 1730, at L., d. 14 Nov. 1736 ;— (75) Ezek- 
iel, b. 11 March, 1732, at L.;— (76) Isaac, b. 10 May, 1734, at L. 

HI Gen. 14. Joseph Fitch, m. 2 Nov. 1703, his first cousin Sarah 
Mason (18), youngest dau. of Major Samuel Mason (2) of Stonington, by 
his first wife. They settled at Stonington, and she d. previous to 1721. 
His children by her were :— (77) Sarah, b. 24 Jan. 1705, at S.;— (78) 
Mason, b. 11 Sept. 1708, at S., grad. at Yale, 1729, and d. 10 March, 
1734 ;— (79) Capt. Joseph, b. 14 Feb. 1711, at S., m. 28 Dec. 1738, Zer- 
viah Hyde, b. 16 Oct. 1721, at Lebanon, eldest dau. of Capt. Daniel 
Hyde and Abigail Wattles of L., she d. s. p. Joseph Fitch (14), the 
first, then m. 29 Dec. 1721, Anne Whiting, b. 2 Jan. 1698, at Windham, 
eldest dau. of Rev. Samuel Whiting, minister of W., and Elizabeth 
Adams, a descendant of Gov. Bradford of the Mayflower. They settled 
at Lebanon, where he d. 9 May, 1741, and she d. 23 Sept. 1778, at Wind- 
ham. His children by her were: — (81) Samuel, b. 16 Jan. 1724, at L., 
grad. at Yale, 1742, was a lawyer, settled at Boston, m. Elizabeth Lloyd, 
was Attorney Gen. of Massachusetts, and d. 1784, in London ; — (82) 
Eleazer,[i] b. 29 Aug. 1726, at L., m. Amy Bowen ;— (83) Asahel, b. 7 
Nov. 1728, prob. d. in Canada, unm.;— (84) Ichalwd, b. 17 May, 1734, 
at L.;— (85) Anne, b. 12 July, 1737, at L.;— (86) Thomas, b. 11 June, 
1739, at L., d. 27 Feb. 1747. 

Ill Gen. 20. Elizabeth Mason, m. 13 Oct. 1720, Rev. William 
Worthington, b. 5 Dec. 1695, at Hartford, son of William Worthington 
and Mehitable (Graves) Morton of Colchester, and grandson of Nicholas 
Worthington of Hartford, and his first wife Sarah (Bunce) White. He 
grad. at Yale, in 1716, and was a Congregational minister. They settled 
at Stonington, where she d. 1 Jan. 1725. His children by her were : — 
(87) Mary,[i] b. 18 Aug. 1721, at S., m. Aaron Elliot ;— (88) Sybil, b. 
9 Nov. 1723, at S., d. 23 Feb. 1724. After the death of his first wife, 
Rev. William Worthington m. 20 Sept. 1726, Temperance Gallup of S., 
and was minister of the Westbrook Society in Saybrook, where he d. 16 
Nov. 1756, and had by his last wife 6 other children. 

Ill Gen. 22. Capt. John Mason m. 18 July, 1701, his first cousin 
Anne Mason (17), eldest dau. of Major Samuel Mason (2) of Stonington. 
They settled at Lehanon — removed to S. about 1703, where she was re- 
ceived into the church 24 Feb. 1706, and died. His children by her 
were :— (89) John, b. 13 Sept. 1702, at L., bap. 19 May, 1706, at S.;— 
(90) Rachel, bap. 19 May, 1706, at S.;— (91) Samuel, bap. 30 Aug. 1707, 
at S.; — (92) Jemima, bap. 7 Aug. 1709, at S.; — (93) James, bap. 13 May, 
1713, at S., m. 22 Nov. 1738, Sarah Denison of S.;— (94) Elijah, bap. 
12 June, 1715, at S., m.his second cousin, Martha Bi own (103), bap. 9 Sept. 
1722, at Lebanon, dau. of Ebenezer Brown (28) and Sarah Hyde of L. 
They settled at L., where he d. 27 March, 1798, aged 83, and she died 
27 March, 1805, s. p. 

Capt. John Mason (22) then m. 15 July, 1719, Mrs. Anna (Sandford) 
Noyes, wid. of Dr. James Noyes of Stonington, and dau. of Gov. Peleg 
Sandford of R. I., and grand-dau. of Gov. William Brenton of Newport. 
They removed to New London, N. P. (Montville), where he wasateacher 
of the Indians at Mohegan. He d. Dec. 1736, at London, where he had 
gone, with Mahomet, grandson of Oweneco, to obtain recognition by the 

122 Mason Family. [April, 

crown, of the light of Mahomet to the Sachemship of the Mohegans. 
His child by his last wife was : — (95) Peleg Sand for rf,[t] b. 6 April 1720, 
at S., m. Mary Stanton. 

Ill Gen. 23. Anne Mason, m. John Denison, b. 1669, at Stonington, 
son of John Denison and Phebe Lay, and grandson of Capt. George Den- 
ison the first, of Stonington, and his second wife Anne Borradill. They 
settled at Stonington and removed to Saybrook, where they had 4 chil- 
dren recorded to them ;— (96) John, b. 30 March, 1692, at S.; — (97) Daniel 
b. 13 Oct. 1693;— (98) James, b. 16 Feb. 1695, at S.;— (99) Abigail, b. 
25 May, 1696, at S. 

Ill Gen. 28. Ebenezer Brown, m. 25 Feb. 1714, Sarah Hyde, b. 20 
Dec. 1696, at Windham, eldest dau. of Samuel Hyde and Elizabeth 
Calkins, and grand-dau. of Samuel Hyde and Jane Lee of Norwich. They 
settled at Lebanon, where he d. His will is dated 18 May, 1755 ; she d. 

I March, 1797, at L., aged 100 years. Their children were : — (100) 
John, b. 20 Dec. 1714, at L.;— (101) Joseph, b. 30 June, 1717, at L., m. 
13 Dec. 1736, Eunice Allen of New London, and had 4 children recorded 
to them at Lebanon ; Elisha, b. 11 Jan. 1744 ; Abiah, b. 9 Sept. 1741 ;(?) 
Sarah, b. June 1753, and Rachel, b. 14 Aug. 1755 ; — (102) Daniel, b. 
at Lebanon, m. 17 Jan. 1745, Lucy Owen, and d. before the distribution 
of his father's estate. Their only child was Ebenezer, b. 23 Aug. 1745, 
at L.; — (103) Martha, bap. 9 Sept. 1722, at L., m. her second cousin 
Elijah Mason (94), youngest son of Capt. John Mason (22), by his first 
wife Anne Mason (17), and d. s. p.;— (104) Lydia,[f] b. 19 Mar. 1720, 
m. Ichabod Robinson ; — (105) Anne, bap. 24 April, 1726, at Lebanon, 
m. Bissel, and d. s. p. previous to 1779. 

Ill Gen. 30. Stephen Brown, m. June, 1729, Mary Risley, and set- 
tled at Windham, where she d. 1730, s. p. He then m. Abigail , 

who d. Nov. 1731, at W. His child by her was: — (106) Abigail, b. 2 
Nov. 1731, at W. He then m. Nov. 1734, Mary Jacobs, and d. Oct. 1766, 
at W. His children by her were :— (107) Mary, b. 8 April, 1738, at W.; 
— (108) Stephen, m. Mary Shattuck, and had 11 children at W.;— (109) 
John, b. 18 June, 1742, at W., m. 22 Dec. 1763, Sybil Barrows, and set- 
tled at W., where he d. Dec. 1825, and she d. Jan. 1837, aged 92 years. 
Their 7 children were : — 1, Roswell, b. 12 March, 1765, at W., d. unm.; 
2, Lydia, b. 4 Nov. 1767, at W., m. William Spafford; 3, John, b. 16 
Nov. 1769, at W.; m. 1, 10 Oct. 1793, Olive Martin ; 2, Elizabeth Palm- 
er, and 3, Elizabeth Fitch, and had by them 14 children ; 4, Eunice, b. 

II March, 1772, at W.; 5, Asenath ; 6, Sybil ; and 7, Lucinda. 

(To be Continued.) 

[Copy of Document in the possession of Charles P. Greenough.] 

April 16, 1703. At a meeting of the Proprietors of the Land between 
Pound Brooke and Stoney Brooke, That is to say, John Dillingham, Sen., 
Kenelm Winslow, Sen., Paul Sears, Ananias Wing, Andrew Clarke, John 
Dillingham, Jun., John Wing, Kenelm Winslow, Jun. These men then 
made choice of Kenelm Winslow, Jun., to be their Clerk, and was then 
sworn by Justice Thacher to that office. 

This is taken of the proprietors' Book record and therewith compar'd 
by me Kenelm Winslow. 

A true Copy Exam'd, Pr. John Sturgis. 
Copy Exam'd, Pr. Benja. Rolfe, Cler. 

1861. J Abstracts of Early Wills. 123 


[Prepared by Mr. William B. Trask of Dorchester.] 

[Continued from p. 78.] 

Thomas Robinson. — 17th March 1665. My just debts & Funeral Ex- 
penses paid, my will is, that the Remainder bee Disposed of as followeth ; 
Goods & Chattells in Boston to my Children, Thomas, James, Joseph & 
Mary Robinson. I appoint my sonne, Jn°. Robinson, (supposed to be in 
England) M r Peter Oliuer, Thomas Buttolph, senior, & my Brother, 
M r Joseph Rocke, my Executors ; unto each 40 shillings. Though my 
Wife hath not Carryed her self as a wife should haue done towards mee, 
but, Contrary to the Law of God & Man, hath withdrawn her selfe from 
Liuing with mee as she ought to Doe, yet prouided shee will accept of 
ten pounds from my Executors out of my Estate, & Make no more 
Claymes and Demaunds, I freely giue it to her as a token of my Loue. 
But, if she Refuse to accept of it, then I wholy make voyd this Legacye 
& Leaue it to the Discretion of my Executors. If any of the Legatees 
dye, then the Estate shall be equally Diuided among the Rest. 

In the presence of us. Thomas Robinson. 

Thomas Grubb, Richard Graues, John Ferniside. 

Thomas Grubb & Jn° Ferniside, deposed, April 27, 1666. 

Inventory of the Estate of M r Thomas Robinson, Late of Boston, de- 
ceased March 23, 166f , prised by Thomas Grubb, Jn° Lake. Am 1 . «£310. 
19. 3. Debts due from the Estate, £69, 10s. Mentions Houses & Lands 
in Boston, Lying between the House of Tho. Miller & the House that was 
M r Houghes, <£310. 

Thomas Buttolph & Joseph Rocke, deposed, April 27, 1666. 

William Manning, senior. — I, William Manning, of Boston, being 
weake of Bodye but of perfect memorie,do make this my Last Testament. 
Debts and Funerall Expences paid, I giue my Wife all my Estate, during 
her Life, & at her Decease, my Will is, that of what shall be then left of 
my Estate, which was my own before my Last Marriage, I Dispose of it as 
followeth, For as much as my Louing sonne, W m Manning, haue through 
the prouidence of God a good Estate, I therefore giue unto Him but one 
third part of that which shall Bee Lefte, of what was my owne Before this 
Last Marriage, & the other two thirds I giue unto my Grand childe, 
Samuel Walsbie, & my desire is, that this grandchild might bee putt to a 
trade according to the Discretion of my Executrix & ouerseers. I make 
my wife sole Executrix, and desire Robert Walker, Jacob Eliot & 
Theophilus Frary, to bee my Ouerseers. 17th Feb. 1665. 

William X Manning. 

In presence of John Tapping, Edward Porter, who deposed, April 
28, 1666. 

Sampson Lane. — Feb. 3, 1665. 1, Samson Lane, being Sick in Body 
but of perfect Memory, doe make this my last will. I Impower my 
friend, Ensigne Jn° Lane, of the Island of S fc Christophers, Gentleman, 
to be Executor of all my estate, the one part Lying in Slegoe in Ireland, 
which amounteth to the Value of some .£1400 or ,£1600 starling, the 
Deeds of which Estate Lyes in M T William Hunters Keeping. I Be- 

124 Abstracts of Early Wills. [April, 

queath unto the Daughter of Thomas Jones, whom is my God Daughter, 
c£50 Starling, therof to her own proper use ; & as also there is in Thomas 
Jones his hand, Copies of deeds & bonds to the value of the summe 
aforesaid in M r William Hunters Hands. Sampson Lane. 

In the presence of Walter Hinckson, Nehemiah Stockwell, who deposed 
in Court, Feb. 6, 1665, before mee, Will. Watts. 

Administration granted to John Lane. 
Boston in New England, Aug. 15 th 1666. This Day personally ap- 
peared before mee, Ezekiell Canveath, & made Oath that the aboue 
written will was proued before Coll. W m Watts, Gouern r [of] the Island 
S l Xtophers, by the Oaths of the abouenamed Witness in the presence of 
this Depon*, being then Secretary of the said Island. 

Walter Hinckson appeared the same time and deposed. 

Ri. Bellingham Gov r , Fr. Willoughbye, Dep 1 Gov r . 
John Leueret Assistant. 
Entered & Recorded the 24th of Aug. 1666, word for word Agreeing 
w th the originall, at Request of M r John Lane, late of S l Christophers 
Island, now in Boston, in this booke of Records, as Attests, Edw. Rawson 
Record 1 ". 

John Baker. — I, John Baker, of Boston, in New England, in America, 
Smith, being weake in Body, yet in full, perfect & disposing memorie, 
doe declare this to be my Last will. I giue unto my wife, Thankfull, 
that portion of Estate that she had with her w ch was to the ualue of <£50, 
to bee paid in Quality as I Receiued it. I giue unto her a parcell of 
Land lying at Dorchester neck, which I purchased of her uncle Bates, 
being thirteen acres or thereabout, be it more or Lesse. I giue unto her 
my part or Interest that I haue in the Shippe Hercules, M r Jn° Winge, 
being now M r and Commander as also my part & interest in the shipp 
Mary, M r Joseph Cock being at present M r & Commander of her, and 
also my part and Interest in that Boate which Richard Eggleton goes in, 
all which I Freely giue unto her to be at her owne Dispose, if she accord- 
ingly accept therof, but if not, then she shall haue the third part of my 
whole Estate for her use during her Life, prouided it be not Sold nor no 
way Einbezeld, but after her decease, to Returne, unto my Children, 
accordingly as shall be after Expressed. I appoynt that the Income of 
my Estate, either y e whole or two thirds, shal be improued for the mayn- 
tenance of my Children in their minoritye, only the Housing to be kept 
in repair out of the same. I giue unto my sonne, Thomas Baker, my 
Best bed, with Furniture, and my second best Kettle, as also that Land 
that was his grandfather Sivifts, Lying at Dorchester neck, and the third 
part of my Estate that remaynes both of Housing, Land & Houshold 
goods, to be surrendred unto him when hee Comes to be 19 yeares of 
age, if he Liue therunto. Unto my dau. Elizabeth Baker, my second 
best bed, with furniture therunto belonging, and my Best Kettle, as also a 
third part of my estate that remaines, both of Housing, Land & Houshold 
Goods, to possesse when shee Comes to be of 18 yeares of age, or at the 
day of her Marriage, if it be before, if she Liue thereunto. 

More ouer, whereas my wife is now with Child, if it Liue, my will is, 
that be it sonne or Daughter, it shall haue a third part of my Estate that 
remaines, both of Houses Land & Houshold goods, if it Liue till it Come 
to age or otherwise to Returne to my sonne, Thomas, & daughter Elisa- 
beth, equally. More ouer, if my sonne, Thomas dye before he Come to 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 125 

the age aboue specified, then his portion to Remaine unto His Sister, 
Elizabeth, & if his sister, Elizabeth, dye before she receiues her portion 
then that to remaine to Her Brother Thomas, & if both of them dye before, 
it shall remaine unto the youngest. But if they should all dye before any 
one of them Comes to age then the whole estate to Remain to my wife. 

I giue unto my Sister, Katharine Johnson, as a Legacy, y* debt y l is 
due unto me from her Husband. Of this my last will, I ordaine my 
wife, Thankjull, my sonne Thomas, & Daughter Elizabeth, Executor & 
Executrixes. My welbeloved Friends, my Father, Hopestill Foster, my 
Uncle, Richard Baker, & my Cousinne, W m Ireland, my Ourseers, 
Desiring them to see this my Will truly Executed and performed to all 
Intents therin Expressed & to giue their Best & faithfull aduise & 
Counsell unto my said Children. 

26 March 1665-6. John Baker. 

In the presence of Aron -J- Way 
W m Ireland, both of whom deposed July 5, 1666. 

Inventory of the estate of John Baker, Smith, of Boston, taken July 3, 
1666, by Christopher Gibson, John Phillips, Dan: Turrell. Amt c£798. 
19. Mentions \ of the Ketch William & Mary, M r Read, master, £30; 
halfe the boate of Igledens, £20; T ^ of the Ketch Mary & Joseph, 
Coxes, at sea, =£16 ; 13 Acres of Land at Dorchester neck bought of 
James Date, bee it more or less, =£40 ; 6 Acres more or less at Dorchester 
neck, of Father Swift, £18 ; a yong mare of William Augers, at Maul- 
den, £4. 10. Debts due the estate — from James Nash, M r W m Steuens, 
Thomas Chad well, Peter Goodhouse, John Paine, &c. Thankfull Baker 
deposed, Nov. 1, 1666. 

The following Petition is on file : — 

To the Honoured County Court assembled in Boston this 31 of July 
1666 the [petition] of Thankfull Baker widow to the late John Baker, of 
Boston, Smith, deceased. 

Humbly sheweth, that wheras my dear husband, after a long time of 
affliction and weakness of body which was noe small affliction to mee 
also, and then leaving mee an afflicted widow and also great with child, 
near unto the time of my travell, and now delivered : yet out of his love 
did give mee a portion out of his estate, as by his will doth appear, 
Which said portion is like to be much less then hee intended mee if not 
some releif by this honoured Court. First, in regard that the one half of 
that part of the vessel 1 he had in M r Joseph Cocks, he sold before his 
death, intending that it should bee laid out on something more certain for 
mee, and as for that part which by his will he gave mee in the ship of 
which M r Wing was M r that also was lost and taken before his death, 
and he not having oppertunity to alter his will Which if he had I doubt 
not but hee Would have bequathed something in the stead of it, yet not- 
withstanding being acquainted with M r Wings loss by a freind of his, he 
did express that It should be made up to his wife out of the rest of his 
estate, wherefore, consider the mind of my deceased husband and the 
equity and Justness of the thing and that estate soe considerable as may 
well bear it and I being but weak, and his housing and most substantiall 
estate reserved for his children. 

My Humble request is, therefore, to this honoured Court, that you 
would be pleased to order that that part of the estate given by my hus- 
band in his will to mee and lost in M r John Wing, and also that part sold 
in M r Joseph Cocks vessell, might be made good to me out of the rest of 

126 Abstracts of Early Wills. [April, 

the estate, It being but a small portion, and so fleeting and hazardable, 
also which I hope you will see good reason to grant unto your petitioner, 
who also as shee is Bound in duty shall Pray &c. 

Christopher Peake. — 2. 2 mo. 1666. I, Christopher Pe«£e, of Rocks- 
bury, doe make this my Last will. My wife, Dorcas, sole Executrix. 
M r Edward Denison & M r ThomasWeld, both of Roxsburye, Ouerseers — 
to Order all my Estate & guide my wife in all such [ways] as may be for 
Gods Honour & my wifes & Childrens [best] good. Debts paid out of 
mine Estate. I giue use & Rents of my House Lands & mooueables to 
my wife, she maintaining tbe reparation of y t the whole time of her Life, 
excepting a Litle pasture where I intend to make a tan yard, if God please 
to Lett me Liue. My will is, that Little pasture, being about two acres of 
ground, and what soeuer buildings I shall set upon that ground, shall be 
my three sonnes, Jonathan, Joseph, & Ephraim, & it shall be diuided 
equally between them, for them, their heires or assignes. And further, 
that my two daughters, at the day of Marriag, if God so dispose of them, 
both Dorcas and Sarah, shall haue ten pounds, each, out of the moouea- 
ble goods. My will is, that the pasture or tan yard, that I giue my sonnes, 
shall not be alienated or sold by them, or any of them, but each to the 
other, Prouided my other Estate will pay my debts. After my wife's 
decease, I bequeathe my Goods unto my Children, Jonathan, Dorcas, 
Joseph, Ephraim, and Sarah, to them & to their heires foreuer, to be 
diuided between them as Followeth, my Eldest sonne, to haue a double 
portion, the Rest of my Children to haue a part alike. My sonne, Jona- 
than, hath already receiued four acres of Land, by the great pond, w ch 
shall be accounted as a part of his double portion, with a Cow, which 
shall be Counted to Him also, and further, that if my Children shall 
receiue what is abouementioned (that is to say) My sonnes the pasture, or 
my daughters ten pound apiece, that shall be accounted to them as part of 
their portion also. It shall be Lawfull for my wife, if need, to Make sale 
of Chattell or Lands for the payment of my debts, with the aduice of the 
ouerseers, and my Children to Enjoy the Remainder, and no more, ac- 
cordingly as I haue formerly mentioned. 

Edward x Bridge Christopher Peake. 

His Marke 

Edward Morris, both of whom deposed Aug. 2, 1666. 

Inventory of the Estate taken, June 8, 1666, by Edw. Denicon, Tho: 
Weld, Daniel Bruer. Amt. c£109. 13. 05. Mentions, lands " about 
Gambling End," " neer grauely point," " in the 1000 acres neer 
Dedham," " at Bare Marsh," " neer Rockye swampe" " where he 
intended to set up Tanfatts," &c. 

Dorcas Peak deposed to the Inventory of her late husband, Aug. 2, 1666. 

John Endicott. — The last will & Testament of John Endicott sen r , late 
of Salem, now of Boston, made 2 d : 3 mo. called May 1659. Being in 
health & of sound memory. To my wife, Elizabeth, all that my farme, 
called Orchard, lying within the bounds of Salem, together with the 
dwelling house out houses, barnes, stables, Cow houses & all other 
buildings & Appurtenances thereto belonging, & all the Orchards, 
nurseries or fruitt Trees, Garden fences, meadow & salt marsh theretu 
Appertaininge, & all the feeding Ground & Arable & planting Ground 
there, both that which is broken vp, and that which is yet to breake 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 127 

vp ; as also all the Timber Trees & other Trees for wood or other 
vses, together w th all the swamps thereunto belonging or Appertaininge, 
during her life. Unto my wife, all my mouable goods which are at 
Boston In the House I dwell in vizt. All my beds, bedsteads, bolsters, 
pillowes, Couerletts, blanketts, Ruggs, Curtaines, & vallence, & all furni- 
ture belonging to them, And all my Carpets, Cushions & all goods of that 
nature. 1 Giue vnto her, all my table boards, Table lining, cubberds, 
cubbard clothes, chaires, stooles,Truncks, chests, or any other goods now 
in my Possession, vizt. pewter, brass, Iron, Andirons, spitts ; also, all my 
siluer plate & spoones of one kind & another, & all my linnen of what 
sort soeuer. Also, all my Ruther [Rother, i. e. horned] Cattle, my sheepe 
& all my wearing Clothes which shee may bestow on my Children as shee 
shall see good. I giue vnto her all my bookes, whereof shee may bestow on 
my Two sonns such of them as they are Capable to make vse of, & the rest 
to bee sold to helpe pay my debts. I Giue vnto her, my Houses at Salem 
& the ground belonging vnto them & all the goods there which [I haue,] 
leauing to my wife full power to dispose of them, whether Houses or 
goods, as shee shall see good. Also, all such debts as are due or shall 
bee due unto mee at the day of my departure, either from the Country or 
from any Person or persons inhabiting in this County or in England or 
Elsewhere. I Giue vnto her, Catta Island, at Salem, which the Generall 
Court gaue mee, during her life, & after her decease to my two soons, 
John & Zerobabel or to the longest liuer of them. 

I giue to John Endicott, my Eldest sonne, the farme which I bought of 
Henry Chickering, of Dedham, (which I formerly bestowed on him, lying 
within the boundes of Salem,) & all Houses or Lands whether meadow, 
Pasture or Arable Land as it is Conveyed vnto mee, in an Indenture bear- 
ing date, 4th 8th mo. 1648, and the said Indenture to bee deliuered vnto 
him & the said Land with the Appurtenances to him & to his heires foreuer. 

I Giue to him &to my yonger sonne, Zerubabel, the whole Farm, called 
Orchard, to bee parted indifferently betweene them after the decease of my 
wife. I Giue vnto Zerubabel, & farme out of the farme lying vpon Ipswich 
Riuer, Containing 300 Acres, whereof 40 Acres is meadow, lying along the 
plane by the Riuers side, next to Zacheus Gould his Land, which lyeth by 
the Brooke side that runneth into Ipswich Riuer at the farthest End of the 
plaine. To my wife, my Eldest mare, which shee was wont to ride on, & 
hir Eldest mare foale. Vnto my sonn, John Endicott, the horse Colt that 
now runns with the mare. My wife sole Executrix. Doe desire that 
Elder Penn'& Elder Coleborne will be the Ouerseers of this my last will, 
& if God should take either of them out of the world, that the longest liuer 
of them hath hereby libertie, with my wiues Consent, to Choose another 
Ouerseer vnto him. And Whereas the Generall Court hath giuen vnto 
mee the fowrth p* of Block Island, I doe hereby bequeath it vnto my wife 
to helpe pay debts withall if I dispose not otherwise of it before I dye. I 
Giue vnto my two sonns, John & Zerubabel, the two Farmes 1 bought, the 
one of Capt Trask, the other of Captaine Hawthorne, lying vpon Ipswich 
Riuer, next adjoyning to my farme vpon the said Riuer. 1 Giue all the 
rest of my Land belonging to my Farme vpon the said Riuer, which is not 
disposed of, to my two sonns, John & Zerubabel, my Eldest sonn to haue 
a double Portion thereof. Vnto John & Zerubabel, all the Land that was 
giuen mee by the two sachems of Quinnebaug, my Eldest sonn to haue a 
double Portion thereof. To my Grand child, John Endecott, Zerubabel 
his sonn, <£10, to bee payd him when hee is 91 years of Age. Also that 

128 Abstracts of Early Wills. [April, 

the Land I haue bequeathed vnto my two sonns, in one place or another, 
my will is, that the longest liuer of them shall Enjoy the whole, Except 
the Lord send them children to inherit it, after them. To M r Norrice, 
Teacher of the Church at Salem, 50s.; to M r Wilson, Pastor of Boston, 
40s.; to M r Norton, Teacher, 40s. To the poore of Boston, =£4, to bee 
disposed of by the deacons of the Church. John Endicott. 

From the Files in Suffolk Probate Office : — 

The County Court last at Boston having presented to them this Instru- 
ment & finding that the difference betweene the mother & the Eldest 
sonne about the probate thereof to be such as their determination would 
not be rested in, transferred it & what both of them Could say & produce 
thereabouts to the Generall Courts determination. The magis u hauing 
duely pervsed this Instrument as the Last will & testament of the late 
Honoured Gouerno r written, signed & sealed by his owne hand (appar- 
ently knowne so to be) together w th the testimony of W m Salter attesting 
that it was made in the time of his health & memory, & that it was shewne 
vnto him in the forme as now it is, and also pervsed what hath binn 
tendered by M r Houchin to Invalidate the same. The Magtsts. Judge it 
meete to declare that they doe allow & approove of this Instrument to be 
the last will & testament of the said late John Endecot Esq 1 * their brethren 
the deputies hereto Consenting. Edw. Rawson Secretary. 

This was Voted by y e magists. instead of what is aboue written. 

The Deputyes Consent not with o r The Deputies Judge meete to 

Hono rd magists. in approueing of this referre the Issue of this Case 

Instrument as a Will. to the next session in October 

William Torrey Cleric. & y l all p r sons Concerned 

attend the same reffering to the 
Consent of or Hon rd magists. hereto. 
3:6: 65. William Torrey cleric. 

Voted by the whole Court together that they doe not approoue of this 
Instrument to be the last will & testament of the late John Endecott Esq r 
Gouerno r : 17 October 1665. pr Edw: Rawson Secrety. 

Inventory of the Goods & Chattells* prized by John Wiswall, & Peter 
Bracket, 31: 5. 1665. Am*. ,£224. 07. 07. Mentions— " a prentice 
boy, c£10, a small bed for him, ■£10." Mrs. Elizabeth Endicott deposed 
at a County Court held at Boston, Feb. 13, 1666. 

Salem : 27 : 2 d : 1665. Estate of John Endicott Esqr tne late Gou r of 
the Massachusetts, prized by John Porter, Thomas Putman. Amt. <£815. 
besides Lands, cattle, &c. enumerated in another list, " to be uallued." 
Of the real estate mentioned, is, the home farme together with the 
Housing Orchards & fences, 550 Acres, <£550 ; 250 Acres at a farme 
lying vpon Ipswich Riuer, being parte of a farme giuen by the Country, 
together with the meadow to it, 80 acres, .£80 ; a house at the Towne with 
3 Acres of Land to it, ,£100 ; 250 Acres of the Farm in Topsfield ; 2 
Farmes in the Country purchased of Major Haythorne & Capt. Trask, 
giuen them by the Country, .£500 ; Catta Island. 

(To be Continued.) 

* From the Records of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Vol. iv, 
Part 2, p. 289. 

Oct. 11, 1665. " In answer to the peticon of M r John Endecot for the setlinge of his 
Fathers estate, the Court judgeth it meete, that administration to the estate of the late 
Jn° Endecot, Esq. be granted to M" Elisabeth Endecott & hir two sonnes, John & 
Zerubbabel, & that an inventory of the said estate be given in to the next County Court 
at Boston, & they to dispose of the same as the lawc in that case directs." — See more in 
relation to the estate on pp. 311, 312, of the same volume. 

1861.] Long Island Early Affairs. 129 


[Communicated by G. R. Howell, of Southampton, L. L] 
The disposal of the Vessell, March 10, 1639. 

In Consideration that Edward Howell hath disbursed 15 lb and Ed- 
mond Farrington 10 lb, Josiah Stanborough 5 lb, George Webbe 10 lb, 
Job Sayre 5 lb, Edmond Needam 5 lb, Henry Walton 10 lb, Thomas 
Sayre 5 lb, Itt is Agreede upon that wee the forenamed undertakers haue 
disposed of our seuerall pts of our vessell to Daniell How. In considera- 
tion whereof hee is to transporte them soe much goods either to them 
their heirs executors & assignes (as they shall Desire it) as their seuerall 
somme or sommes of monney shall ammount unto, & moreouer to each 
of those p'sons Aboue named or their Assignes, he shall transport to each 
man A Person and A Tunne of goods Free. But in case that any of the 
forenamed Persons shall not haue occasion for the transportation of soe 
much goods as his monney shall Ammount unto, that then the said Daniell 
is to make them payment of the remainder of the monney by the end 
of two years next ensueing the date hereof and likewise this vessell shall 
be for the use of the Plantacon and that the said Daniell shall not sell 
this vessell without the consent of the maior p't of the Company. And 
that the vessell shall be reddy at the Towne of Lynne to Transport such 
goods as the AfTbresaid undertakers shall Appoint. That is to say, three 
tymes in the yeare. 

Furthermore if In case that any person or persons shall not haue oc- 
casion to Transport any goods, that then the said Daniell is to pay them 
their somme or sommes of money together with Allowance for A Tunne 
of goods & A pson within the tearm of two yeares next ensuing the date 
hereof. [Six lines illegible and mutilated.] 

Furthermore as it is expressed formerly that the vessell shall come to 
our Intended Plantacon three tymes in the yeare wee thought good to ex- 
presse the tymes, viz : the first moneth, the fourth moneth & the eighth 

Furthermore for the rates of person's goods and chattells that if there 
prove any Difference between us the said undertakers and the said Daniell 
How that then it should be referred to two men whome they and he shall 

Furthermore forasmuch as Allen Breed Thomas Halsey and William 
Harker Are by the Consent of the Company come into and pty under- 
takers with us, Wee Edward Howell, Daniell How & Henry Walton have 
consigned three of our pts, that is, to each man a house lott, planteing lott 
and farm answerable to the rest of y e undertakers for their disbursements 
of flue pounds a man to us the aboue said undertakers, that is to say 
whereas Edward Howell had 3 lotts he shall haue but two & Daniell How 
for 3 lotts shall haue but two &. Henry Walton for 2 lotts shall haue 
but one. Edward Howell 

Daniell How 
Henry Walton. 

Forasmuch as wee Edward Howell, Edmond Farrington, Edmond 
Needam, Daniell How, Josias Stanborough, Thomas Saires, Job Saires, 
George Webbe and Henry Walton & Thomas Halsey, Allen Breade, 
William Harker haue disbursed fourscore pounds ffor the settinge fFore- 
ward A Plantacon and in regard wee haue taken upon us to transporte at 

130 Long Island Early Affairs. [April, 

our own prop' costs and charges all such p'sons as shall goe at the first 
voyage whenn those of o r Company that are chosen thereunto shall go 
upon Discovery and search and to beginne and settle a Plantacon, and 
furthermore in regarde all such p'sons soe goeing upon o r accompt haue 
in o r vessell the ffreedome of halfe a Tunne of goods a per 8n , it is thought 
meete that wee the forenamed undertakers should not at any tyme nor 
tymes hereafter be lyable to any rates taxes or Impositions nor be putt 
upon any fenceings buildings of meetinge house, erecting fortifications, 
building of bridges, prepaireing highways, nor otherwise charged for any 
causes or reasons whatsoever dureing the tyme of o r discontinuance in 
o r Intended Plantacon except y l in the fenceing in of planting Lotts euery 
man shall (with his nei^hbore) fence or cause to be fenced by the first 
day of Aprill wch shall ""1641. 

Furthermore because delaying to lay out the bounds of townes and all 
such lande within the said bounds hath bene generally the ruin of Townes 
in this Country, therefore wee the said undertakers haue thought goode 
to take upon us the dispose of all landes within our said boundes soe yt 
yt w'h wee lay out for A house Lott shall at all tymes from tyme to tyme 
hereafter continue to be A house Lott and but one Dwellinge house shall 
be builded upon it and those Lottes yt wee lay out for planteing Lotts 
shall not at any tyme nor tymes hereafter be made house Lotts whereby 
more inhabitants might be receaued into o r said Plantacon to the ouer 
chargeing of commons and the impouerishinge of the Towne and yt alsoe 
what is layed out for common shall continue common and noe man shall 
p r sume to incroach upon it not soe much as A hands breadeth — whatso- 
ever wee lay out for farmes shall remaine so after Tyme and y e dispose 
of all such landes soe layed out shall alsoe be at all tymes & from tyme to 
tyme accordinge to the will & pleasure of us the said undertakers o r 

executors administrators & assignes namely the disposeing shall 

be disposed alsoe whosoever selleth his accommodations 

in the towne shall sell house Lott & planteinge Lott or Lotts and meddow 
Intirely, and if hee sell his farme he shall not devide it : but sell it to- 
gether viz : his fFarm intirely and his accommodations in ye Towne 

Moreover whosoever cometh in by us hould himself sattisfyed with 
foure achres to an house Lott and twelue achres to a plantinge Lott & so 
much meddow & uplande as may make his Accommodations ffifty Achrs 
except wee the said undertakers shall see cause to Inlarge that proportion 
by A farme or otherwise. 

Furthermore noe p'son nor p'sons whatsoever shall challenge or claim e 
any proper interest in seas rivers creeks or brookes, howsoever, boundings 
or passings through his grounde, but ffreedome of fishinge fowling and 
nauigation shall be common to all within the bankes of the said waters 

And whosoeuer shall fell any tree or trees in highwayes is either to 
grubb them up by the rootes or else to cutt them smoothe up euen by the 
grounde and pull the tree or trees out of all such highwayes and whosoeuer 
felleth any tree or trees in the summer shall either carry away the body or 
bodeys thereof with ye Ap'tnances or else sett or lay it up on heapes soe 
as the pasture or passage for man or beast may not haue any annoyance. 

Likewise no p'son nor p'sons whatsoeuer shall fell or Lopp or carry 
away any tree or trees firewood or otherwise of or ffrom any Lott or Lotts 
wtsoever for as is the lande so shall ye Ap'tnances bee euery mans owne 

1861.] Long Island Early Affairs. 131 

peculiar p'priety. Neither shall any p'son or p'sons make or use any 
highwayes paths or otherwise over any p'sons house Lott plantinge Lott 
or meddow but shall upon all occasions use the Allowed wayes layed out 
for yt end. 

Furthermore it is thought meete that if the said undertakers make any 
composition with any p'son or p'sons yt lay claime to them to make many- 

fest his or their right in any p't or p'ts in all of the place where 

God shall please it us to beginne our intended Plantacon. 

And it come to pass yt wee the said undertakers shall either in our 
owne names or in the names of the Inhabitants in generall promise to 
pay or cause to be paid any somme or sommes of monney goods or 
chattell fines or rates or the like as may hereafter be thought meete pro- 
portionally to what they Injoy. And that euery p'son or p'sons Inhabit- 
inge within the bounds of our Plantacon beinge owners of Lande there, 
that they shall be contented and pleased to help to beare A share or shares 
from tyme to tymc and at all tymes hereafter of all such payments as 
may be required of us the forenamed undertakers or executors adminis- 
trators or assignes and yt his or their subscribinge to these presents may 
be a sufficient Declaration under all such psons handes yt they doe ap- 
prove of all the p r mises here specified. 

Lastly wee the said undertakers testify by these presents in o r admit- 
tinge of Inhabitants to our Intended Plantacon that wee without any kinde 
of reservation leave euery man ffree to choose and Determine all causes 
and controverseys arbitrary among themselves, and that whensoever it 
shall please the Lord & he shall see it good to adde to us such men as 
shall be fitt matter for a church that then wee will in that time lay our- 
selves downe before ye Constitutes thereof either to bee or not to be 
receaved as members thereof accordinge as they shall Discerne the worke 
of God to be in our hearts. 

Ye marke of 

Edward Howell Edmond Farrington 

Edmund Needham Thomas Sayre 

John Josiah Stanborough Daniell How 

Cooper Henr Walton Job Sayre 

Allen Bread George Webbe 

William Harker Thomas Halsey 

The marke of 

Richard^X) Yatt Thorn Terry 

Thomas t Newell Nathaniel 

John Farrington Thomas Padington 

Yf> mark of o 

Additional Regulations in same hook following the preceding. 

These are to give notice that wee the aforesaid company of under- 
takers doe fully and ffreely give our consent that John Cooper shall and 
is admitted an undertaker with the like full & lymmitted power with our- 
selves in all cases yt may consern our Plantacon. 

Edward Howell 
The marke of Edmond x Farrington 
Edmond Needham 
Thomas Halsey 
The marke of Allen w Breade 
Daniell Howe 
Hen Walton 


Long Island Early Affairs. 


A declaration of the Company. 

Know all men whome these presents may consern yt whereas it is 
expressed in our Articles that the power of disposinge of lands & admis- 
sion of Inhabitants into our Plantacon shall at all tymes remaine in the 
hands of us the said undertakers to us and our heires forever our true 
intent and meaneinge is, that when our plantacon is laid out by those 
appointed according to our Articles & that there shall be a church gather- 
ed and constituted accordeinge to the minde of Christ that then wee doe 
ffreely lay downe our power both of orderinge & disposeing of the plan- 
tacon & receaving of Inhabitants or any other things that may tende to 
the goode and welfare of ye place at the fFeete of Christ and his church — 
provided that they shall not doe anythinge contrary to the true meaneinge 
of the fformer articles. 

Furthermore whereas it is expressed in A fformer Article yt the lande 
of undertakers should at all tymes remaine fTree from affordeing any help 
to build meetinge house or makeinge of bridge or bridges or mendeinges 
of highwayes or the like dureing the tyme of their discontinuance from 
the plantacon, it is thought meete that it shall take place and stande in 
force but two yeares unless there be some good reeson given for it and 
then those shall have land only for the thirde yeare they come back 

4 th day of ye 4 th 

In witness of these two articles foregoeinge we have sett to o r hands. 
The mark of Edmond 29 Farrington Edward Howell 
John Cooper Thomas Halsey 

Edmund Needham Daniell How 

Henr Walton Thomas Sayre 

A List 
Mr Rayner 
Mr Odell 
Thorn 8 Halsey 
John Howell 
John Cooper 
Thomas Cooper 
Thomas Sayre 
Job Sayre 
Edward Johnes 

of all the townsmen May 
Josiah Stanborough 
Tho 8 Talmage 
Samuel Dayton 
Thomas Hayes 
Rich'd Post 
Tho 8 Hildreth 
Henry Pearson 
John White 
Ellis Cooke 

10th 1649. 

{Mr Howell 
Mr Topping 
lsake Will man 
Richard Barrett 
Richard Smith 
Thomas Burnett 
George Wods 
John Gosmer 
William Rogers 

Oct. 29, 1645. At the Court. 
Ordered that there shall be a cessation of taking arms to the meeting 
house on the Lords day from Nov. 1 st to the first of March ensueing. 

Jan. 25, 1655. 
At a general court ordered that no one shall sell any liquors within the 
bounds of the town except " our neighbor John Cooper" and he shall not 
sell to any Indian or Indians nor to any but to those who need it and will 
use it properly. He shall sell only three ankers of liquor a year one of 
which was proportioned to North Sea, a small settlement three miles north 
of the village of Southampton. 


Boston Records. 



Boston Births. 
[Continued from Vol. XIII. p. 220.] 

Griggs. The Children of William Griggs & of Ratchell his wife fol- 

loweth : 
William y e Sonne of William Griggs & of Ratchell his wife 

borne 2d of Aprill (40.) 
Elizabeth y e Daughter of W m Griggs & of Rachell his wife 

borne 3d October (48.) 
Isaac y e sonne of W m Griggs & of Rachell his wife borne 

5th October (46.) 
Rachell y e Daughter of W m Griggs & of Rachel! his wife 

borne 13th October (44.) 
Sarah y e Daughter of William Griggs & of Rachell his wife 

borne 6th October (42.) 
Jacob y e sonne of W m Griggs & of Rachell his wife borne 

Last November (58.) 
Adams. David y e sonne of Nathaniell Adams & of Mary his wife 

borne 30th of June (59.) 
Andrewes. Susanna y e Daughter of John Andrewes & of Hannah his 

wife borne 12th August 59. 
Stevens. Joshua y e sonne of Henry Stevens & of Mary his wife borne 

15th May 59. 
Nanny. Samuell y e sonne of Robert Nanny & of Katherin his wife 

borne 27th August 59. 
Doves. Zecharia y e sonne of Samuell Doves & of Sarah his wife 

borne 29 July 59. 
Flacke. Hannah y e Daughter of Sam 11 Flacke & of Ann his wife 

borne 21 August 59. 
Hunn. John y e sonne of Nathaniell Hunn & of Sarah his wife borne 

12th f e br. 58. 
Bolston. Elizabeth y e Daughter of Jonathan Bolston & of Mary his 

wife borne 12 Aug 59. 
Rocke. Benjamine y e sonne of M r Joseph Rocke & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 9th Sept 59. 
Stone. Sarah y e Daughter of John Stone & of Mary his wife borne 

16th Sept 59. 
Kneeland. Mary y e Daughter of John Kneeland & of Mary his wife 

borne 6th Octob r 59. 
Marshall, James y e sonne of John Marshall a Scotishma & of Ruth 

his wife borne 29 Sept 59. 
Winsor. Thomas y e sonne of Robert WinsorNfc of Rebecca his wife 

borne first Octob r 59. 
Woodde. John y e sonne of Isaac Woodee & of Dorcas his wife borne 

18th Sept 59. 
Gierke. Joseph y e sonne of William Clarke & of Anne his wife borne 

10th Sept 59. 
Hunter. Mary y e Daughter of William Hunter & of Mary his wife 

borne 5 th Sept 59. 


Boston Records. 


Mattocke. Samuell y e sonne of Samuel Mattocke & of Constance his 

wife borne 15 th Octob r 59. 
Garrett. Lydia the Daughter of Richard Garrett & of Lydia his wife 

borne the 10th of October 1659. 
Lane. William the sonne of William Lane, & of Mary his wife was 

borne the first of October 1659. 
Pollard. Sarah y e Daughter of William Pollard, & of Ann his wife 

borne 20th October (59.) 
Megdaniell. John y e sonne of John Megdaniell, & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 13^ of Sep' (59.) 
Bogle. Mary y e Daughter of Alexander Bogle borne the 17 th of 

October (59.) 
Nowell. Anne y e Daughter of George Nowell & of Lydia his wife 

borne 13 October 59. 
Collicott. Ebenezer the sonne of Richard Collicott & of Thomasin his 

wife borne 6: Sep 1 (59.) 
Bill. Sarah y e Daughter of Thomas Bill & of Abigail his wife 

borne 18 Sept (59.) 
Travis. Ephraim y e sonne of Daniell Travis & of Easter his wife 

borne 13th Sep 1 (59.) 
Hamline. William y e sonne of Ezekiell Hamline & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 9 th October 59. 
Stroud. Mary y e Daughter of Robert Stroud & of Mary his wife 

borne 11th October 59. 
Blower. John ye sonne of John Blower & of Tabitha his wife borne 

19th of October 59. 
Knide. Thomas the sonne of Arthur Knide & of Jane his wife was 

borne 26 Sept 59. 
Webster. James the sonne of James Webster & of Mary his wife borne 

16 July 59. 
Browne. Susanna y e Daughter of William Browne & of Lydia his 

wife borne 24 th October 59. 
Duncan. Mary y e Daughter of Peter Duncan & of Mary his wife borne 

12: November (59.) 
Johnson. Hannah y e Daughter of James Johnson & of Abigail his wife 

borne 23 November 59. 
Lynd. Nathaniell y e sonne of M r Symon Lynde & of Hannah his 

wife borne 22: November 1659. 
Gold. Thomas y e sonne of Thomas Gold & of Francis his wife 

borne 27 th November 1659. 
Farnum. Jonathan y e sonne of John Farnum & of Susanna his wife 

borne 13th November 1659. 
Rucke. Thomas y e sonne of Samuell Rucke, & of Margaret his wife 

borne 9th July (59.) 
Eustis. John y c sonne of William Eustis & of Sarah his wife borne 

8th of December (59.) 
Bridgliam. Nathaniell y e sonne of Henry Bridgham & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 8th of December 59. 
Manning. Mary y e Daughter of George Manning & of Hannah his wife 

borne 16th of December 59. 
Holland. Hannah y c Daughter of Christo: Holland & of Anne his wife 

borne 7: December 58. 


Boston Records. 


Aldine. Mary y c Daughter of John Auldin & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 17 th of December 59. 
Davis. Huldah y e Daughter of Cap 1 William Davis & of Huldah his 

wife borne 21 of December 59. 
Glover. Hannah y e Daughter of John Glover & of Mary his wife 

borne 5th f Aprill 1659. 
Hudson. Bethia & Abigail y c Daughters of James Hudson & of Mary 

his wife borne 13 th December 59. 
BushneJl. John y e sonne of John Bushnell & of Jane his wife borne 

19 th Janvary 59. 
Belcher. John y e sonne of Josiah Belcher & of Ronas his wife was 

borne 23 day of December, 59. 
Crab. Samuell y e sonne of Henry Crab & of Hannah his wife 

borne 23 day of Decembr 59. 
Emmons. Thomas y e sonne of Obediah Emmons & of Alice his wife 

was borne 7: Janvary 59. 
Norden. Susanna y c Daughter of Samuell Norden & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 26 day Novem 50. 
Dawes. Hannah y e Daughter of John Dawes, & of Susanna his wife 

borne 7; Janvary 59. 
Greene. Jeremiah y e sonne of Nathaniell Greene & of Mary his wife 

borne 29 th December 59. 
Orris. Samuell y e sonne of George Orris & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 20 th December 59. 
Stockbridge. John y e sonne of Charles Stockbridge & of Abigail his wife 

borne 2 d of December 59. 
Hedges. Grace y e Daughter of Tristram Hedges & of Anne his wife 

borne 20th August 1659. 
Ransford. Mary y e Daughter of Jonathan Ransford & of Mary his wife 

borne 2 d July 59. 
Melloives. Elisha y e sonne of John Mellowes & of Martha his wife 

borne 16 of November 59. 
Atwater. Mary y e Daughter of Joshua Atwater & of Mary his wife was 

borne 15 th Janvary 59. 
Mason. Nathaniell y e sonne of Robert Mason & of Sarah his wife 

borne 23 December 59. 
Pearse. Samuel y e sonne of John Pearse & of Isable his wife borne 

14 th Janvary 59. 
Soper. Joseph y e sonne of Joseph Soper & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne the 5 th day Janvary 59, 
Mannings. Mehitable y e Daughter Mehallalaell Munnings & Hannah his 

wife borne 20 th Janvary 53. 
Sweete. Benjamine y e sonne of Joseph Sweete & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 22: Janvary 1659. 
Phillips. William y e sonne of Lieut William Phillips & of Bridget his 

wife borne 28 Janvary 59. 
Amey. Martha y e Daughter of John Amey & of Martha his wife 

borne 23 Febr. 59. 
Clark. Christopher y e sonne of M r Christopher Clarke & of Rebecca 

his wife borne 19 th Janvary (59.) 
Fitch. Jeremiah the sonne of Jeremiah Fitch & of Sarah his wife 

. borne y e 5 th of Febr. 59. 



Boston Records. 


Grosse. Elizabeth y e Daughter of Mathew Grosse & of Mary his 

wife borne 3 d Febr (59.) 
Richardson. Samuel y e sonne [of] Amos Richardson & of Mary his wife 

borne 18th of Febr. 59. 
Nash. Thomas y e sonne of Joseph Nash & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 21 of Aprill 1660. 
Howard. Mary y e Daughter of Samuell Howard, & of Isabell his wife 

borne 15 th Sept 59. 
Bowhonnon. Margaret y e Daughter of John Bowhonnon & of Mary his 

wife borne 8 th Janvary 59. 
Purchase. Mary y e Daughter of John Purchase & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 3 d Febr. 59. 
Sweete. Mehitable y e Daughter of John Sweete & of Susanna his 

wife borne the 8 th December 59. 
Study. Jonathan y e sonne of John Stutly & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 8 th December 59. 
Jones. Hannah y e Daughter of Rice Jones & of Ann his wife borne 

4th May 59. 
Thwing. Deborah y e Daughter of Benjamine Thwing & of Deborah 

his wife borne 13 th Janvary 59. 
Lambert. Thomas y e sonne of Thomas Lambert & of Mary his wife 

borne 6 th November 59. 
Stoddard. Lydia y e Daughter of M r Anthony Stoddard & of Christian 

his wife borne 27th M<ch 1660. 
Dexter. Elizabeth y e Daughter of Thomas Dexter & of Elizabeth 

his wife borne 7: Aprill 60. 
Wiborne. Thomas y e sonne of Thomas Wiborne & of Abigail his wife 

borne 2 d Aprill 1660. 
Phillips. David y e sonne of Phillip Phillips & of Rachell his wife 

borne first of March 1659-60. 
Balston. James y e sonne of James Balston & of Sarah his wife borne 

ye 8th of Aprill 1660. 
Lowell. John y e sonne of John Lowell & of Elizabeth his wife borne 

7th f Aprill 1660. 
Coussins. Rebecca y e Daughter of Isaac Coussins & of Rebecca his 

wife borne 2 d of Aprill 1660. 
Hanniford. Abigail y e Daughter of John Hanniford & of Abigail his 

wife borne 8th M r ch |£. 
Shrimpton. Elizabeth y e Daughter of M r Henry Shrimpton & of Ellinor 

his wife borne 11 Aprill 1660. 
Griggs. Hannah y e Daughter of William Griggs of Rumney Marsh 

& of Rachell his wife borne 12 M r ch 59. 
Woodward. Prudence y e Daughter of Ezekiell Woodward & of Anne 

his wife was borne 4 th Aprill 1660. 
Tyler, Mary y e Daughter of Thomas Tyler & of Hannah his wife 

borne 10th Aprill 1660. 
Maverick. Jothan y e sonne of John Maverick & of Katherin his wife 

borne 30th M'ch 1660. 
Robinson. Sarah y e Daughter of James Robinson & of Martha his wife 

borne 24th f M"ch 1659. 
Ballantine. Elizabeth y e Daughter of William Ballantine & of Hannah 

his wife borne 8th M r ch 1659. 


Boston Records. 


Param. Ruth y e Daughter of William Param & of Francis his wife 

borne 5'h of Aprill 1660. 
Marline. Michaell y e sonne of Michaell Martine & of Susanna his 

wife borne 10th Febr. 1659. 
Wardell. Abigail y e Daughter of William Wardell & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 24th Aprill 1660. 
Breden. John y e sonne of Capt Thomas Breden & of Mary his wife 

borne 24th of Aprill 1660. 
Maverick. Rebecca y e Daughter of Ellias Mavericke & of Ann his wife 

borne first Jan vary 1659. 
Dawes. Samuell y e sonne of John Dawes & of Mary his wife was 

borne first of May 1660. 
Pemberton. Benjamine y e sonne of James Pemberton & of Sarah his 

wife borne 26: Aprill 1660. 
Druse. William ye sonne of Richard Druse & of Jane his wife borne 

first May 1660. 
Skate. John y e sonne of John Skate & of Sarah his wife borne 25th 

of Aprill 1660. 
Moore. Sarah y e Daughter of Thomas Moore & of Sarah his wife 

5th May 1660. 
Scarlet. Thomasin y e Daughter of John Scarlet & of Thomasin his 

wife borne 18th May 1660. 
Wharton. Rebecca y 8 Daughter of Phillip Wharton & of Mary his 

wife borne 5th May 1660. 
Harding. Jane y e Daughter of Phillip Harding & of Susanna his wife 

borne first May 1660. 
Phillips. Nicholas y e sonne of Nicholas Phillips & of Hannah his 

wife borne 12th May 1660. 
House. America y e Daughter of William House & of Mary his wife 

borne 30 Aprill 1660. 
Shore. Susanna y e Daughter of Samson Shore & of Abigail his wife 

borne 20th May 1660. 
Elliott. Hannah y« Daughter of Jacob Elliott & of Mary his wife 

was borne 15 th June 1660. 
Savage. Ebinezar y e sonne of Capt Tho: Savage & of Mary his wife 

was borne 22th May 1660. 
Tuells. Richard y e sonne of Richard Tuells & of Martha his wife 

borne 16 May 1660. 
Brookine. Elizabeth y e Daughter of John Brookine & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 26 l h May 1660. 
Harrison. Ebinezer y e sonne of John Harrison & of Persis his wife 

borne 3Ph May 1660. 
Hasye. Susanna y e Daughter of William Hasye & of Sarah his wife 

borne 30th May 1660. 
Greenwood. Myles y e sonne of Nathaniell Greenwood & of Mary his wife 

borne 23th May 1660. 
Conney. Sarah y e Daughter of John Conney & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 22th of May 1660. 
Rosse. Sarah y 9 Daughter of John Rosse & of Mary his wife borne 

21th of May 1660. 
Ward. Hannah y« Daughter of Robert Ward & of Sarah his wife 

borne 6: May 1660. 


Boston Records. 


















Jo si in. 



Georg y e sonne of Nathaniel I Hunn & of Sarah his wife 

borne 23th f May (60.) 
Hannah y e Daughter of M r Joyliffe & of Anna his wife 

borne 9th f May 1660. 
Mehitabell y e Daughter of George Dod & of Mary his wife 

borne 25 th May 1660. 
Martha y e Daughter of Zechariah Gillam & of Phebe his 

wife borne 2 June 60. 
Rebecca y e Daughter of John Tuttell & of Mary his wife 

borne 17 th June 1660. 
Richard y e sonne of John Jepson & of Emm his wife borne 

14 th June 60. 
Sarah y e Daughter of Abraham Browne & of Jane his wife 

borne 6 June 60. 
Mathew y e sonne of Mathew Bunn & of Estech his wife was 

borne 9 th June 1659. 
Elizabeth y e Daughter of William Toy & of Grace his wife 

was borne 25 th June 1660. 
Mary y e Daughter of George Pearse & of Mary his wife 

borne 20 th June (60.) 
Joseph y e sonne of Joseph Bowd & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 28 th October 1659. 
Elizabeth y e Daughter of Jn° Baker & of Johanna his wife 

borne 26 Day of June 1660. 
Hannah y e Daughter of John Pearse & of Ruth his wife 

borne 30 th June 1660. 
Elizabeth y e Daughter of Bartholmew Threednedle & of 

Damaris his wife borne 16 th June 1660. 
John y e sonne of John Gilberd & of Mary his wife borne 

21 th July 1660. 
Timothy y e sonne of William Ingram & of Mary his wife 

borne 2: July 1660. 
Rebecca y e Daughter of William Ingram of Rumney Marsh, 

& of Elizabeth his wife borne y e 26 th Sept 1653. 
Edward y e sonne of W m Ingram of Rumney Marsh & of 

Elizabeth his wife borne 15 th June 1657. 
Hannah y e Daughter of W m Ingram & of Elizabeth his wife 

borne 15 th June 1659. 
Nathaniell y e sonne of Abraham Josline & of Betteris his 

wife borne 4 th July 1660. 
Elizabeth y e Daughter of Robert Drew & of Jemina his wife 

borne 22 th July 1660. 
Israeli y e sonne of William Greenough & of Elizabeth his 

wife borne 27 th July 1660. 
Anna y e Daughter of Joseph Bastar & of Mary his wife borne 

26 th July 1660. 
Mary y c Daughter of James Dennis & of Mary his wife 

borne 4 th August 1660. 
Dorothy y e Daughter of John Downes & of Dorothy his wife 

borne 31 th Janvary 1658. 

(To be Continued.) 


Capt. John Goffe. 



And forty-four Men in Scouting from the 24^ of Aprill 1746 to the 

19 day May following. 

Mens names. 

John Goffe, Com d 
Nathi Smith, Liet. 
Phillip Flanders, Sarg. 
Wm Walker 
Corp. Phillip Kimball 
C. James Sticknee 
Cla r Sam 1 Harriman 
Cent'. Ezekiel Diamond 
Humphrey Clough 
Sami Gould 
John Harvey 
Thos Greenfield 
Jon a Currier 
Stephen Flood 
Jos. Gile 
Josiah Heath 
Sam 1 Heath 
Abner Wheeler 
Nathi Watts 
Josiah Kent 
Solom n Goodwin 
Edmd Morse 
Jonath n Stevens 
Lemuel tucker 
Eben r Martin 
John Johnson 

Thomas Wyman 
Benoni Rowell 
John Rollings 
Holbert Morrison 
James Vance 
William McAdams 
Thomas Rodgers 
Robert Alexander 
William Meken 
James Anderson 
Joseph Calfe 
John Sargent 
William Craford 
Joseph M c farson 
Sam 1 Boyl 
John Cromey 
William Rodgers 
James Gregg 
James M c Cormack 

Day of 


Days of 

24— Ap' 

20— May 

25— Do 


24— Do 


28— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


25— Do 


25— Do 


25— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


26— Do 


27— Do 


27— Do 


27— Do 


27— Do 


27— Do 

s — 

27— Do 


Muster Role continued. 

Days in 








1 . 

18: 9 






14: 4 





1 : 

8: 34 



6: 9£ 


1 : 



1 . 







6: 94 



6: 9* 


1 : 

6: 94 


1 : 

6: 94 


1 : 

6: 94 



6: 94 


1 : 

6: 94 


1 : 

6: 94 


1 : 

6: 94 



6: 94 



5: 84 



5: 84 



5: 84 



5: 84 



: 5: 84 



5: 84 



: 4:114 

27 Ap 
27 Do 

20 May 

27 Do 


27 Do 


27 Do 


27 Do 


28 Do 


28 Do 


28 Do 


28 Do 


1 May 
1 Do 


1 Do 


1 Do 


1 Do 


1 Do 


1 Do 


1 Do 


1 Do 


found by 
the Com- 
ing officer 
for the 
equal to 
1023 days 
for 1 man 


for 45 men 

one day 



: 5 

: 84 


: 5 



: 5 

• 84 





































I : 










: 1 

: 44 

22— 5—4 

Provision 40 — 1 


140 Indian Deed of Springfield. [April, 

The Commanding officer prays Some allowance for inListing the men extras- 
charge and expence of the Company at Portsmouth with Some time for the men 
to Return none being included above and Carrying Ammonition. 


Sworn before the house, 
to Cap GorTe for Service in carrying Ammonitione, £2 : 10:0 

[An exact copy of a document now in my possession. — Frederic Chase, Han- 
over, N. H.] 

N H nsh e \ ^ n tne House of Representatives, May 20 th 1746. 

Voted — That there be allow** one hundred & two Pounds one shilling in full of 
this muster Roll for Provisions, Wages, &c. to be pd out of the money 
in the publick Treasury for y e Defence of the Government. 

D. Pierce, Clk. 
In Council, Eod m Die. 

Read & Concurred. 

Theod r Atkinson, Sec'y. 
Eod m Die. 

Assented to. 

B. Went worth. 

A — »«► » 


Deed of the Indians of the Territory embraced in the original limits 

of Springfield. 
[Communicated by the late Charles Stearns, of Springfield, Mass.] 

The following is a copy of the deed of the Indians to William Pynchon, 
Henry Smith, and Jehu Burr, as it appears on record in the Hampden 
Registry of Deeds : — 

" A coppy of a deed whereby the Indians made sale of certain lands 
on both sides of the great river at Springfield, to William Pynchon Esqr, 
and Mr. Henry Smith, and Jehu Burr, for the Town of Springfield forever. 

Agaam alias Agawam : This fifteenth day of July, 1636. 
(Springfield Towns deed fro ye Indians.) 

It is agreed between Commuck and Metanehan, ancient Indians of 
Agaam for and in the name of al the other Indians, and in perticular for 
and in ye name of Cuttomas the right owner of Agaam and Quana, and 
in the name of his mother Kewenesek the Tamesham or Wife of We- 
narois and Nianum, the wife of Coa. 

To and with William Pynchon, Henry Smith and Jehu Burr their heirs 
and associates forever, to truck and sel all that ground and muck of quit- 
ting or meadow accompsick, viz : on the other side of quana, and all the 
ground and Muckeos quittag, on the side of Agaam, except Cotteniackees, 
or ground that is now planted, for ten fathom of wampum, ten coats, ten 
hoes, ten hatchets and ten knives ; and also the said Ancient indians with 
the consent of the rest, and in particular with the consent of Menis and 
Westherne and Itapometinan, do trucke and sel to William Pynchon, 
Henry Smith and Jehu Burr and their successors forever, al that ground 
on the East side of Quinnecticut River called Usquanok and Nayasset, 
reaching about four or five miles in length, from the north end of Mas- 
sacksicke up to Chicopee River; for four fathom of Wampum, four coates, 
four howes, four hatchets, four knifes: Also the said antient Indians Doe 

1861.] Indian Deed of Springfield. 141 

with the Consent of the other Indians, and in particular with the consent 
of Machetuhood, Wenapawinn,and Mohemeres, trucke and sel the ground 
and mucke of quitiag and grounds adjoining, called Massaksicke, for four 
fathum of wampum, four coates, four hatchets and four howes and four 
knives. And the said Pynchon hath in hand paid the said eighteen 
fathom of wampum, eighteen coates, 18 hatchets, 18 howes, 18 knifes to 
the said Commuck and Metanehan. and doth further condition with the 
sd Indians that they shall have and enjoy all that cottinackeesh, or ground 
that is now planted ; And have liberty to take Fish and Deer, ground 
nuts, walnuts and akorns and Sasikiminosk or a kind of pease, and also 
if any of said cattle spoil their corn, to pay as it is worth ; and that hogs 
shall not goe on the side of Agaam but in a korn time. Also the said 
Pynchon doth give to Wruthorne two coates over and above the said par- 
ticulars expressed and in witness hereof the two said Indians and the rest 
do set their hands this present 15th day of July, 1636. 

The mark X of Menis. The mark X of Kemie. 

The mark X of Usessas, alias Nepineum. 

The mark X of Wisnepenein. 

The mark X of Machetuhood. 

The mark X of Commuck. 

The mark X of Macassack. 

The marke X of Unanoris. 

The mark X of Cuttonus. 

The mark X of Matanehan. 

The marke X of Wonthema. 

The marke X of Coa. 

The mark X of Kockminek. 

Witness to all which in expressed that they understood al by Ahaugh- 
ton, an Indian of the Massachusetts. Joseph Parsons. 

John Allen. 

X Mark of Richard R. Everet. 

Thomas Horton. 

Faithful Theyeler. 

X Mark of John Cowenes. 

X Mark of A. Haughton. 

Joseph Parsons a testimony to this deed did at the Court at Northamp- 
ton march 1661: 62: testify on oath that he was a witness to this bargain 
between Mr. Pynchon &c, and the Indians. 

as attests Elizur Holyoke, Recorder. 

July 8 1679 entered the Records for ye County of Hampshire. 
By me 
John Holyoke, Recorder." 

Note at the bottom of the record. 

" Memorandum: Agaam or Agawam is that meadow on the south 
of Agawa Riv where ye English did first build a house which now is 
commonly cal l House Meadow,' that piece of ground is it which ye 
Indians do cal Agawam ye English kept ye residence who first came to 
settle and plant at Springfield now so called ; and at ye place ipwam (as 
supposed) that this purchase was made of the Indians. Quanna is that 
middle meadow adjoining to Agawam or House Meadow : Massakusk is 
yt ye English cal the long meadow below Springfield on ye east side of 
Quinnecticut River Usquasck is the mil River with the land adjoining. 

Neyasset is the lands of three corner meadow end of the plains." 


Passengers to Virginia. 



[The following lists of passengers' to Virginia were furnished to the Register hy Mr. 
Somcrby, some years since, together with those at that time published ; but by some 
accident were lost or mislaid, and never printed. Mr. Somerby has obligingly sent us 
another copy, which we now present to our readers.] 

Ultimo July 1635. 
Theis under written names are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued 
in y e Merchants Hope Hugh Weston M r p' examinacon by the Minister of 
Gravesend touching their conformitie to the Church discipline of England, 
and have taken the oaths of Alleg e and Suprem: 

Edward Towers 


Edward Roberts 


Richard Williams 


Henry Woodman 


Martin Atkinson 


Jo: Ballance 


Richard Seems 


Edward Atkinson 


W m Baldin 


Allin King 


W m Edwards 


W m Pen 


Rowland Sadler 


Nathan Braddock 


Jo* Gerie 


Jo: Phillips 


Jeffery Gurrish 


Henrie Baylie 


Vyncent Whatter 


Henry Carrell 


Rich: Anderson 


James Whithedd 


Tho: Ryle 


Robert Kelum 


Jonas Watts 


Gamaliel White 


Richard Fanshaw 


Peter Loe 


Richard Marks 


Tho: Bradford 


Geo: Brooker 


Tho: Clever 


W m Spencer 


Henry Eeles 


Jo: Kitchin 


Marmaduke Ella 


Jo: Dennis 


Edmond Edwards 


Tho: Swayne 


Lewes Miles 



Charles Rinsden 


Jo: Kennedy 


Ann Swayne 


Jo: Exston 


Sam Jackson 


Eliz: Cote 


W m Luck 


Daniell Endick 


Ann Rice 


Jo: Thomas 


Jo: Chalk 


Kat. Wilson 


Jo: Archer 


Jo: Vynall 


Maudlin Lloyd 


Richard Williams 


Edward Smith 


Mabell Busher 


Francis Hutton 


Jo: Rowlidge 


Annis Hopkins 


Savill Gascoyne 


W m Westlie 


Ann Mason 


Rich: Bulfell 


Jo: Smith 


Bridget Crompe 


Rich: Jones 


Jo: Saunders 


Mary Hawkes 


Tho: Wynes 


Tho: Bartcherd 


Ellin Hawkes 


Humfrey Willms 


Tho: Dodderidge 


Primo die Augusti 1635. 
Theis under written names are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued 
in the Elizabeth de Lo Christopher Browne M r examined by the Minister 
of Gravesend touching their conformitie to the order and discipline of the 
Church of England the men have taken the oaths of Alleg e and Su- 

Jo: Vaughan 
Yeoman Gibson 
Tho: Leed 
Geo: Trevas 
W™ Shelborn 
Sainvel Growce 
W m Glasbrooke 
Edward Dicks 
Jo: Bennett 
Michaell Saundby 
W ra Thurrowgood 

Jo: Benford 


Lodowick Fletcher 


Jo: Bagbie 


Robt: Salter 


Edward White 


Stephen Pierce 


Rich: Beanford 


Rich: Chapman 


Andrew Parkins 


Jo: Baker 


Jo: Walker 



Saiiivell Mathew 



Tho: Frith 



Jo: Austin 



Paul Fearne 



Thomas Royston 



Jo: Tayler 






Katherine Jones 



Eliz: Sankster 



Ellin Shore 



Passengers to Virginia. 


Alice Pindon 


Elizab: Hodman 


Eliz: Rudston 


Sara Everedge 


Moules Naxton 


Eliz: Rudston 


Margaret Smith 


Marie Burback 


P° Aug u 1635. 

Theis under written names are to be transported to Virgineaimbarqued 

in the Safety, John 

Grant M r . 

John Hardon yeres 27 

Alexander Harvie 


Robert Glenester 


Richard Haieward 


Edmond Jenkins 


Henry Buckle 


Barthol: Hoskyns 


Nic° Morton 


Jo: Newman 


Ant° Haies 


Jo: Bag 


Robert Trister 


Jo: Catts 


James Pattison 


Richard Field 


Jo: Wazen 


W m Lowther 


Geo: Habbittoll 


Henry Gadling 


Edward Saunders 


Will m Kareswell 


Richard Hopkins 


James Bethell 


W m Grayson 


Robert Sutton 


Jo: Browne 


Richard Wright 


Robert Pitway 


Jo: Gibson 


Jo: Butler 


Mary Pitway 


Tho: Belk 


Jo: Hendry 


Jo: Jones 


Geo: Tucker 


Richard Brookes 


Mathew Gouch 


Tho: Jennions 


Jo: Martin 


Robert Boddy 


Robert Perkins 


Geo: Castell 


Jo: Carter 


Jo: Martin 


Jo: Billings 


Thomas Heath 


Edmond Farrell 


Tho. Wrenn 


Jo: Hornwood 


W m Hassell 


Robert Pister 


Francis Barker 


Edward Gifford 


Marie Lerrigo 


W m Tighton 


Roger Gilbert 


Margaret Homes 


Christopher Wynn 


Richard Allin 


Alice Ashton 


Jo: Heming 


Jo: Wilkinson 


Hanna Waddington 


Ralph Sympkynn 


Francis Vycas 


Elizabeth Holloway 


James Barnes 


Will" 1 Davies 


Eliz: Gold 


Chri: Stope 


Richard Alderly 


Elizabeth Frisby 


Robert Lendall 


Henry Dalleper 


Eliz: Smith 


David Kisfin 


Rich: Hudson 


Margaret Gard 


W m Symonds 


Jo: Hill 


Margerie Smith 


Tymothy Trallopp 


Edmond Mullendux 


Elizab: Pister 


Henry Dugdell 


Humfrey Blackman 


Elizabeth Ward 


John Lownd 


Richard Cotton 


Joan Griffige 


James Atkinson 


James Allin 


Eliz: Turner 


Nic° Watson 


Martin Church 


Joan Allin 


Jo: Taylor 


Henry Gilbert 


Marie Booth 


Arthur Raymond 


W m Gay 


Jane Cutting 


Edward Spicer 


Brian Kelley 


W m Hindsley 


Robert Harwood 


Lewes Smith 


Katherin Smith 


Richard Foster 


Tho: Doe 


Thomazin Broad 


Jo: Bell 


Thomas Saunders 


Ann Waterman 


Gabriell Fisher 


Edward Saunders 


Joan Turner 


Tho: Browne 


Thomas Carter 


Jane Foxsley 


Cornelius Maies 


Thomas Ap Thomas 


Rose Hills 


Steven Gorton 


Richard Caunt 


Ann Crofts 


Jo: Gloster 


Richard Moss 


Grace Tubley 


Jo: Pigeon 


John Perryn 


Margaret Snales 


Thomas Thome 


Hugh le Roy 


Ann Holland 


Jo: Write 


Thomas Reynolds 


Ann Fossitt 


Richatd Preston 


Jo: Curtis 


Dorothy Moyle 


Andrew Stretcher 


21 st August 1635. 
Theis under written names are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued 


Passengers to Virginia. 


in the George Jo: Severne M r bound thither pr. examination of the Minister 
of Gravesend etc. 

Michaell Masters yeres 21 

W m Dickenson 


Tho: Morecock 


W m Mitchell 


Jo: Gillam 


Marie Neele 


Tho: Gillam 


Ann Cooper 


Humfrey Higginson 


Geo: Taylor 


Mathew Silsby 


Henry Kilby 


Tho: Bullard 


Jo: Fynch 


Tho: Rogers 


Geo: Quither 


Nowell Lloyd 


Tho: Mothropp 


Ann Higginson 


James Homer 


Francis Foster 


Jo: Ray 


Robert Scotchmore 


Ric h Dixon 


Jo: Evans 


Tho: Peacock 


Rabeca Palmer 


Jo: Rogers 


Arthur Bodilies 


Griffith Hughes 


Peter Maning 


Ann White 


Daniell Bowyer 


Jo: Quyle 


Michell Williams 


Tho: Allin 


Chri: Kirk 


Jo: Butler 


Richard Genney 


Tho: Purnell 


Christopher Thomas 


Valentine Bishopp 


Walter Walker 


W m Clowdeslie 


Jo: Pope 


Richard Verdin 


Ant Hodgskins 


Jo: Baddam 


John Bell 


Elias Wiggmore 


Ann Layfield 


Suzan Hare 


Jo: Hutchinson 


Richard Hide 


Alice Levett 


Robert Dunham 


Mary Burtwezill 


Jo: Goodridge 


Alice Watson 


Jo: Tiffiny 


Joan Ludcole 


Henry Cutling 


Nathan: Wilson 


Leonard Richardson 


Theodor Rogerson 


Jesper Hodgskyns 


W m Thompson 


Jo: Wynn 


Jo: Jones 


Tho: Howell 


Michel Hedly 


Lawrance Barwick 


Edward Abbs 


Jo: Musgrave 


W m Golder 


Edward Lillie 


Tho: Hand 


Jo: Goodson 


George Fox 


Michell Prymm 


Jo: Dagnie 


Alexander Greene 


W m Hawkes 


James Bankes 


Ralph Cleyton 




Tho: Best 


Constance Foster 


Jo: Hunt 


W m Scott 


Jo: Feld 


Ralph Browne 


Eliz: Bristowe 


Robt. Morrison 


Mary Robinson 


Edward Greene 


Elizabeth Woodb ridge 


Tho: Banks 


Bryan Hare 


Eliz: Banks 9 


Roger Cutts 


Minister Richard James 33 

Ursula James 19 

Arthur Figiss 33 
Francis Havercamp 17 

Edward Jones 22 

Henry Hawley 34 

Robert Burr 19 

W m Miller 29 

W m Curtis 19 

Tho: Beomont 29 

Jo: Co veil 18 

Joan Vizard 18 

W m Steevens 22 

Tho: Horrocks 22 

Mary Soanes 26 

Theis under-written names are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued 
in the Thomas Henry Taverner M r have been examined by the Minister 
of Gravesend touching their conformitie in o r Religion etc. 

Jo: Allin 


Lewes James 


Tho: Wiggins 
Sara Merriman 


Arthur Figiss 
W m Hinshawe 


Roger Nevett 
Mathew Price 


Ric h James 


W m Neesun 


Tho: Buck 


Geo: Smith 


Joseph Mills 
Tho: Rogers 


Jo: Richards 


W m Saic 


Geo: Cranwell 


Jo: Weston 


Francis Blake 


Tho: Maynard 
Jo: Price 


Peter Starkie 


James Hamkins 


Joseph Warrwell 
Francis Young 
Tho: Connier 


Tho: Perry 
Jo: Staunton 


Tho: White 


Rich: Phillyps 
Jane Swifte 



Margery Carter 
Gressam Parkins 



W™ Block 


Tho: Gadsby 


Jo: Lewes 
W m Greene 



Walter Smith 
W m Burton 


Jo: Hill 15 

Joseph Browning 20 


Passengers to Virginia. 


Tho: Fouch 


Jo: Collopp 


Edward Sawnders 


Peter Ricard 


W m James 


Henry Gew 


Jo: Tullie 


W m Adams 


Jane Gibbs 


Rob 1 James 


Mary Chadd 


Jo: Bromton 


Jane Colerack 


Rich: Wheeler 


Alice Wright 


Robert Wells 


Edward Erie 


Jo: Gressam 


Richard Crane 


Teague Quillin 


Adam Crowe 


W m Peas 


Jacob Denton 


Bartholm: Furbank 


Hugh Stanley 


Robert Johnson 


Beniamin Symes 


Mary Johnson 


Mary Jolly 


Alice Jn°son 


Eliz: Ayres 


Eliz: Johnson 


Humfrey Awdry 


Mary Lucie 


Edward Johnson 


Joan Looker 


Suzan Jennoway 


Edward Robins 


Geo: Dawe 


Joseph Preston 


Ananiah Dyer 


Roger Wilkyns 


Jo: Boothe 


Peter Harbynn 


Tho: Maltman 


Nic° Folly 


Hugh Fouche 


Michell Hutchinson 


W m Pallmer 


W m Chamberlin 


Nathan Tooly 


Henry Wilson 


Theis under written names are to be transported to Virginea,imbarqued 
in the David Jo: Hogg M r have been examined by the Minister of Graves- 
end etc. 

Edward Browne 


Henry Melton 


Jo: Lamb 


Samuel Troope 


David Lloyd 


Tho: Nunn 


W m Hatton 


Donough Gorhue 


Jo: Steevens 


Daniel Bacon 


Geo: Butler 


Edward Crabtree 


Robert Alsopp 


Addam Nunnick 


W m Barber 

' 17 

Teddar Jones 


Jo: Stann 


Ann Bee ford 


Tho: Siggins 


Edward Spicer 


Martha Potter 


Abell Dexter 


Jo: Feelding 


Gurtred Lovett 


Rich. Caton 


Jo: Morris 


Jane Jennings 


Henry Spicer 


Richard Brookes 


Margaret Bole 


Tho: Granger 


Robert Barron 


Mary Rogers 


Jo: Bonfilly 


Jonathan Barnes 


Margaret Walker 


Roger Mannington 


Henry Kendall 


Freese Brooman 


Josua Chambers 


Tho: Poulter 


Eliz: Jones 


24° Octobris 1635 


Aboard the Constance Clement Campion 

M r bound to Virginea. 

John Wade yeres 21 

Rich: Steere 


Elizabeth Brewer 


Garret Nicholson 


Tho: Leer 


Isack Bever 


John Burrowes 


W m Prichard 


Alice Brass 


W™ Belt 


James Cotes 


Tho: Moore 


Thomas Simpson 


James Revell 


W m King 


Tho: Patrick 


W m Andrewes 


Jo: Mitchell 


John Till 


Lymon Jarr 


Tho: Hall 


Joseph Prichard 


W m Hunt 


Robert Ellis 


W m Bennerman 


Tho: Jackson 


James Haies 


Rich. Tayler 


Miles Coke 


John Hancock 


John Griffin 


Chri: Chambers 


Ric h Gray 


Samuel Jackson 


Davie Williams 


W"» Tyse 


Geo: Atkinson 


Nic° Huggins 


Tho: Watkin 


Rob 1 Sexton 


Jo: Davies 


Charles Hughes 


Tho: Pursell 


Will m Jones 


James Symons 


David Lupton 


Henrie Richardson 


Jo: Clark 


Henrie More 


Roger Williams 


Geo: Dyes 


Michell Suckliff 


Jo: Wythins 


Jo: Palmer 


George Atterborne 


Tho: Jay 


Griffin Maymor 



Deposition of Henry Leonard. 


Frances Marsten 19 

Steephen Pack 22 

Geo: David 22 

Ilenrie Johnson 27 

Jo: Ashcrofte 33 

Mathew Gowghe 28 

Tho: Digglin 22 

Robert Baskerville 22 

Nathaniell Young 20 

Tho: Hodson 20 

Sampson Alkynn 
Jo: Coke 
John de Cane 
Jo: Elliott 
W«» Gillam 
Tho: Smith 
Ant° Miles 
Chri: Boyce 
Tho: Saddock 


Mary Parker 


W m Hulett 


Walter Jenkyns 


Edmond Porter 


Edward Herrott 


Hugh Douglass 


Walter Colly 


Joan Carraway 


Tho: Hart 


Aboard the Abraham of London John Barker M r bound to Virginea. 

Tobie Sylbie 
Robert Harrison 
Will 1 " Lawrence 
John Johnson 
W m Fisher 
Steeven Tayler 
Tho: Penford 
W m Smith 
Tho: Archdin 
Ric h Morrice 
Walter Piggott 
Richard Watkyns 
Jo: Braunch 
Jo: Clark 
Gabriell Thomas 
David Jones 
Alexander Maddox 


Francis Tippsley 17 

Emanuell Davies 19 

W m Williams 25 

Roger Mathews 28 

Jo: Masters 23 

Will m Mathews 18 

Jo: Britten 18 

George Preston 20 

Robert Toulban 23 

Henry Dobell 20 

George Brewett 18 

Francis Stanley 23 

Will" 1 Freeman 46 

Edward Griffith 33 

Will" 1 Manton 30 

Owen Williams 40 

Tho: Flower 32 

Jo: Bullar 


Jo: Clanten 


Alexander Symes 


Ant° Parkhurst 


Jo: Hill 


Alexander Gregorie 


Martin Westerlink 


Patrick Wood 


Tho: Kedby 


Roger Greene 


Will™ Downes 


Jo: Burnett 


Tho: Allin 


Simon Farrell 


Tho: Clements 


W m Hunt 


Katherin Aldwell 


< —»— » 


The following deposition has been handed us for publication by J. 
Wingate Thornton, Esq. For some particulars relative to Mr. Leonard, 
see vol. iv, p. 405, and vol. vii, p. 71, of the present work. 

" The Testimony of Henry Leonard of Hammersmith, of the age of 
37 or thereabouts. This deponent saith That there was a small Heap of 
Coles at Brantrey Forge which was coled about nine yeares agoe and these 
Coles Lay Rotting and noe vse was made of them ; before they were 
spoy!ed,and Mr. GifTord being Agent was to bring in a new stock : w ch 
stocke could not be Layd before these Rotten Coles were Removed, because 
the Cattle Could not Turne. Whereupon, They being well observed both 
by Mr. GifTord and my selfe ; Mr. GifTord gave me order that if Goodman 
Foster, or some others of Brantrey could make any use of them I should 
dispose of them whereupon Goodman Foster had about two halfe Loads 
& some of y e Rest of y e neighbours thereabouts fetched some of them, but 
they were soe bad they would fetch no more, and Goodman Foster took 
as much paynes about them as they were worth and although they would 
serve his Turne, they would not serve us at the forge, & whereas Good- 
man Prey saith he gott out of them to make a great quantity of Iron, 
I know the Labour y* hee & Thomas Billington bestowed about drawing 
of them was more then they were worth, & whereas Goodman Prey 
saith he made so much Iron of them, hee made not a quarter of a Tunn 
of those Coles but did cast now & then a Baskett of them among other 
Coles, but they were worth nothing to his worke. 

Sworne before me Daniel Dennison.' 

Octob. 27, 1655. 

1861.] Will of John Gardner. 147 


[Communicated by W. C. Folger of Nantucket.J 

I transcribe from the First Book of Record of Wills in the Probate Office at Nan- 
tucket, pp. 12, 13, the will of John Gardner, Judge of Probate. He died in May, 1706, 
aged 82 years, as his grave-stone, now standing, says. His eldest son, John, who mar- 
ried Susanna Green of Salem, and resided there, must have been dead in 1705, when 
this Will was made, as he does not mention him, but gives to his three sons, John, 3 
Jeremiah and Nathaniel. John 3 m. here his cousin Priscilla Coffin, dau. of Jethro and 
Mary ; Jeremiah m. his cousin Sarah Coffin, dau. of James, Jr. and Ruth ; and there 
was a Nathaniel Gardner, who m. among the Friends, in 1722, Jemima Coffin. Who 
either of them was I have not been able to find out, nor can I find their deaths. Jere- 
miah Gardner became Judge of Probate in 1747, and died in 1768. He succeeded his 
uncle George Gardner, who was appointed Judge in 1744, and held it, according to 
Judge Isaac Coffin, three years, when Jeremiah was appointed. The present Judge, 
Edward M. Gardner, as well as myself, are descendants of John Gardner, 1 Esq. 

I should like to be able to get the Genealogy of John Gardner, Jr.'s family, who 
lived in Salem. John 3 and Jeremiah died here. I believe they had a sister Priscilla, 
who m. a John Lovell. I do not know the dates of John Gardner's 2 marriage, death 
nor wife's death, nor births of his children ; probably there is no record here. As 
John 1 * was a man of much consideration in his time, I thought his Will would be a 
thing suitable to make an article for the Historical and Genealogical Register. 

The last Will and Testament of John Gardner of Nantucket Being of 
Sound memory and composed in mind by Gods great goodness is as 

first I bequeath my Soul into the hands of the Eternal one that gave it 
and my body to be laid in the dust from whence it was taken the Charge 
whereof being paid which I desire may be no more than convenient 
together with my just debts being paid do give as followeth 

first I give to my loving wife Priscilla Gardner all my housing Lands 
and Stock of Cattle of all sorts on the Island of nantuckett and marthas 
Vineyard all which I do give my wife during her natural life Except what 
is hereafter exprest 

Secondly I give my Grandson John Gardner my house and all my 
lands with my one Eight part of the water mill at Salem. 

Thirdly I give my Grandson Jeremiah Gardner thirty pounds in or as 
money when he shall be of age 

ffourthly I give my Grandson nathaniel Gardner thirty pounds in or as 
money when he shall be of age 

ffifthly I give my son George Gardner half one Share of Land on 
nantuckett with full Stock on it of Cattle and Sheep with what he hath 
already received and after his mothers decease all my houseing Land and 
Stock of Cattle of all Sorts on nantuckett he paying or making good Such 
Legacies as are herein Exprest 

Sixthly I give my daughter Priscilla Arthur after her mothers decease 
six pounds per annum during her natural life to be paid out of my Estate 
herein Exprest 

Seventhly I give my daughter Rachell Gardner fourty pounds after my 
wifes decease to be paid out of my Estate herein Exprest 

Eighthly I give my daughter Anne Coffin fourty pounds after my wifes 
decease to be paid out of my Estate herein Exprest 

* John 1 Gardner, of Nantucket, was a son of Thomas Gardner of Salem. Joseph 
Gardner, of Salem, (the first husband of Anne Downing, who after his death m. Gov. 
Simon Bradstreet) was a brother of John 1 Gardner. An abstract of Mrs. Anne Brad- 
street's will is printed in the Reg., xiii, 230. 

148 An Indian Captive. [April, 

ninthly I give my daughter mary Coffin one half of all my Lands and 
Stock on marthas Vineyard and ten pounds in money after my wifes 
decease to be paid out of my Estate herein Exprest 

Tenthly I give my daughter mehetable Daws fourty pounds after my 
wifes decease to be paid out of my Estate herein Exprest 

Eleventhly I give my daughter Ruth Coffin one half of all my lands 
and Stock on marthas Vineyard and ten pounds in money after my wife's 
decease to be paid out of my Estate herein Exprest 

all the above s d Legacies to be paid out of my Estate herein Exprest 
within one year if demanded after my wifes decease in or as money 

Lastly I make my wife my Sole Executrix to this my last will during her 
naturall life and my son George Gardner Sole Executor after my wifes 
decease and I desire my friends mr James Coffin my Cousin Samuell 
Gardner and Richard Gardner as Assistants to my wife and son George 
in Executing this my last will in Witness hereof 1 have put my hand and 
seal the Second day of December one thousand seven hundred and five 

Signed Sealed Published 
pronounced and declared 
by the said John Gardner 
as his last will and 
testament in the presence 
of us the Subscribers The mark of N John Gardner 

William Gayer 

James Coffin 

William Worth 

Eleaser ffolger 


Dunham. — " Providence, Feb. 18, 1769. — Last week passed through 
here, in his way to Barnstable, the place of his residence, Richard Dun- 
ham, who in the year 1763 was wounded and taken prisoner near Detroit, 
by a party of French and Indians. He belonged to the N. Eng. forces, 
and was in a detachment under Capt. Dalzell when taken. During the 
engagement his jaw bone was shivered by a ball, which passed through 
his mouth, tore away part of his tongue and destroyed some of his teeth. 
The ball being poisoned, his wound was never thoroughly cured, and 
became loathsome to himself. He, with 5 other prisoners, was sold from 
one Indian nation to another, till they arrived at the Spanish Main, where 
they endured a long and cruel captivity ; frequently seeing their fellow 
prisoners burnt at the stake, or inhumanly butchered by the savages. 
Being sent out to hunt with five others, attended by three Indians, in 
crossing a lake in a canoe, they threw the savages over, and after travel- 
ling 13 days, got to North Carolina." — Bost. Ev. Post, 6 Mar. 1769. 

" Bridgewater, Jany 14, 1765. Died here, Joseph Pratt, aged 99 years 
and 11 months ; a man of a good Character and Profession, who had 20 
children by his first Wife, but none by his second, who still survives him, 
being about 90 Years of Age." — Boston Evening Post. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 149 



[Continued from page 44.] 

However, he was able, by circumstances, to make it "too apparent, 
that Philip was really hatching mischief," and by advice of his Coun- 
cil, the Governor decided to send for him to appear at Plymouth and 
answer the charge. This not being immediately attended to, it was 
found, in a few days, that Sassamon was missing; and, on search 
being made, his body was discovered in a pond in Middleborough, 
where it had been put, through the ice. That he had been murdered 
was evident, from certain wounds and bruises upon the body. And 
besides, his hat and gun were found upon the ice; being left there, as 
was conjectured, that it might be thought he had drowned himself. 

Notwithstanding Sassamon had enjoined the strictest secrecy upon 
his English friends at Plymouth, as to what he had revealed, and 
assured them that if it came to Philip's knowledge he should be 
murdered, yet by some means not known he was very soon suspected, 
and his murder happened as before stated. In one view of this murder 
the English had nothing to do with it. It was altogether an affair 
among the Indians. Sassamon had turned traitor, and had justly for- 
feited his life. As to the manner of his execution, that was a matter 
of no consequence, according to the rude customs of the Indians. But 
the English, because they had the power to do so, extended their laws 
over them, and, as will be seen, rigorously enforced them. 

As soon as the death of Sassamon was known at Plymouth, efforts 
were made to discover the perpetrators. When anything was to be 
effected against the Indians, the first thing to be done was to engage 
some of themselves to aid in carrying it into execution. At this time 
an Indian named Patuckson appeared at Plymouth, and informed 
against another named Poggapanossoo, by the English called Tobias, 
one of Philip's Counsellors, also against a son of Tobias, named Wam- 
papaquan, and Mattashinnamy. These three were thereupon appre- 
hended and brought to Plymouth for trial. The indictment is in these 
words : — " For that being accused that they did with joynt consent 
vpon the 29th of January, 'anno 1674, att a place called Assowamsett 
Pond, wilfully and of set purpose, and of malice fore thought and by 
force and armes, murder John Sassamon, an other Indian, by laying 
violent hands on him, and striking him, or twisting his necke vntill hee 
was dead;* and to hyde and conceale this theire said murder, att the 
tyme and place aforesaid, did cast his dead body through a hole of the 
iyce into the said pond." 

To this indictment the accused pleaded not guilty, and the trial pro- 
ceeded before these jurors ; — William Sabine, William Crocker, Edward 

* "They found that he had been murthered, for his neck was broken by twisting - of his head round ; 
which is the way the Indians sometimes use when they practice murders ; also, his head was ex- 
treamely swollen." — Mather, Relation, 75. 

150 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [April, 

Sturgis, William Brookes, Nathaniel Winslow, John Wadsworth, 
Andrew Ringe, Robert Vixon, John Done, Jonathan Bangs, Jonathan 
Shaw and Benjamin Higgins. To these "itt was judged very expe- 
dient by the Court, that, together with this English jury aboue named, 
some of the most indifferentest, grauest and sage Indians should be ad- 
mitted to be with the said jury, and to healp to consult and aduice with, 
of, and concerning the premises,'^ and accordingly these Indians were 
added to the jury: — "One called by an English name Hope, and 
Maskippague, Wannoo, George Wampye and Acanootus; these fully 
concurred with the jury in their Verdict,"' which was in these words : — 
"Wee of the jury one and all, both English and Indians doe joyntly 
and with one consent agree upon a verdict." They were immediately 
remanded to prison, and in the words of the sentence, to be " thence 
[taken] to the place of execution, and there to be hanged by the head 
vntill theire bodies are dead." 

Tobias and Mattashunannamo were executed on the 8th of June, 
1675. But Wampapaquan, for reasons not mentioned, was " repriued 
vntil a month be expired." He was, however, shot within a month. 
One of the accused, it is said, confessed the murder, but the other two 
denied all knowledge of it to their last breath.* At this time there was 
a superstitious belief, that if one person had killed another, the body of 
the one killed would immediately begin to bleed if approached by the 
perpetrator of the murder. In the case of the murdered Sassamon this 
test was tried, and, says Dr. Increase Mather, " when Tobias, the 
suspected murderer, came near the dead body, it fell a bleeding on 
fresh, as if it had been newly slain ; albeit, it was buried a considerable 
time before that."f How much the jury were influenced in their ver- 
dict by the wretched conceit here so gravely recorded for the govern- 
ment and direction of posterity, cannot be certainly known, but when 
the great and learned men of a generation are blinded and carried away 
by the grossest superstition, it is not to be supposed that the unlearned 
and inexperienced are endowed with better understandings. And if, 
as asserted, one of the accused Indians testified that he saw the other 
two commit the murder, thinking thereby to save his own life, there 
remains a chance that the historian of other times may reverse the 
judgment in the case of the death of Sassamon. J 

Notwithstanding these tragic events, so confident were the people of 
Plymouth that there was no evil to be apprehended, that, in the 
previous autumn, they annulled the order which had been for some 

* " They stoutly denied the fact, only at last, Tobias's son confessed that his father and the other 
Indian killed Sansamon, hut that himself had no hand in it, only stood by and saw them do it." — Ma- 
ther's Brief History, p. 2. " And though they were all successively turned off the ladder at the gal- 
lows, utterly denying the fact, yet the last of tliem happening to break or slip the rope, did, before his 
going offihe ladder again, confess that the other Indians did really murder John Sansamon, and that 
he was himself, though no actor in it, yet a looker on." — Magnolia, li. vii, 46. There is a similar 
statement in Easton's Narrative, p. 5. 

f Mather's Relation, 75. I have found nothing in the manuscript records having any reference to 
this pitiful delusion. 

\ That some notion may be formed as to 
the acquirements of Sassamon in chirograr " 
a fac-simile of his autograph is here anne) 
taken from a deed to which he was a wit 
in 1G70. 

js to 

3 /j^&w«$>»§»v*n\ 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 151 

time standing, forbidding powder and shot to be sold to the Indians. 
About the same time an Indian was murdered by the Narragansets, 
named Tokamona; but the murder of one Indian by another did not 
disturb the English much unless the murder was in some way con- 
nected with their affairs. And although Tokamona was a brother of 
their friend and ally, Awashonks, yet we hear of no inquiry into the 
matter* by them. 

While the fate of the three Indians was pending, rumors began to be 
circulated of plots and conspiracies by Philip, all going to show that he 
intended war against his white neighbors. Some time in April (1675,) 
Waban, the Indian preacher, told General Gookin, that the Wampa- 
noags intended mischief, and were only waiting for the trees to leave 
out, that they might the easier conceal themselves after they had begun. 
And only two days before the execution of the supposed murderers of 
Sassamon, the Sogkonates held a war dance, at the instigation of some 
of the Narragansets, employed for the purpose, as was supposed, by 
Philip. The next day, the Squaw Sachem Weetamo, with some of 
her chief men, met Captain Church on Rhode Island, and told him 
Philip intended a war with the English, and that some of themselves 
would join him, and that he had already given them leave to kill the 
Englishmen's cattle. 

Such were the events which led to King Philip's War. But it must 
be borne in mind, that, in all probability, had an account been written 
by an Indian historian, we should have a picture very differently 
shaded. Something approaching an Indian account has of late come 
to light.f Of Sassamon, this writer says, he was reported a bad man ; 
that in writing a will for Philip he made instead a bill of sale to him- 
self of a large tract of land. The Narrative continues, — " Now one 
Indian informed that three Indians had murdered him, and showed a 
coat that he said they gave him to conceal them. The Indians report 
that the informer had played away his coat, and these men sent him 
the coate, and after demanded pay, and he not to pay, so accused 
them, and knowing that it would please the English so to think him a 
better Christian, and the report came that the three Indians had con- 
fessed and accused Philip so to employ them, and that the English 
would hang Philip; so the Indians were afraid, and reported that 
the English had flattered them (or by threats) to bely Philip that they 
might kill him to have his land, and that if Philip had done it, it was 
their law so to execute whom their kings judged deserved it, yet he 
had no cause to hide it." 

So, continues the same Narrative, Philip kept his men in arms; and 
when the Governor of Plymouth ordered him to disband them, and 

* It is possible that the Tokamahamon mentioned in a previous page may be the same as the one 
named above. 

t I refer to the Narrative of John Easton of Rhode Island, edited by Dr. F. B. Hough, and beauti- 
fully published, from the original MS , by Mr. J. Munsell of Albany. It is of this Narrative, I have no 
question, that Dr. I. Mather remarks so contemptuously, in his Brief History: namely, that it was 
" written by a Quaker in Road Island, who preiends to know the truth of things ; but that it is fraught 
with worse things than meer mistakes." It is evidently the work of a very illiterate hand ; and though 
extending only to the Narraganset Swamp Fight, is not without value, which value is much enhanced 
by the Introduction and Notes of the learned Editor. The Narrative commences with the death of 

152 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [April, 

informed him his jealousy was false, Philip returned answer that he 
would do no harm, and thanked the Governor for his information. 
And it was reported "that the heathen might destroy the English for 
their wickedness, as God had permitted the heathen to destroy the 
Israelites of old. So the English were afraid and Philip was afraid, 
and both increased in arms." 

For four years' time, continues Easton, " reports and jealousies of 
war had been very frequent," but it was not expected to break out 
until about a week before it did. He then proceeds: " To endeavor to 
prevent it, we sent a man to Philip, that if he would come to the ferry 
we would come over to speak with him." The man went over, a 
distance of about four miles; " they not aware of it behaved them- 
selves as furious," but were suddenly appeased when they understood 
who he was and what he came for. After Philip had advised with his 
counsellors, he came unarmed, himself, but his men, forty in number, 
were armed. Then, says Easton, " five of us went over, three of 
whom were magistrates. We sat very friendly together ; told him our 
business was that they might not receive or do wrong. They said 
that was well ; that they had done no wrong. The English wronged 
them. We said we knew the English said the Indians wronged them, 
and the Indians said the English wronged them, but our desire was 
that the quarrel might be decided the best way, and not as dogs decide 
their quarrels. The Indians owned that righting was the worst way. 
Then they inquired how right might take place? We said by arbitra- 
tion. They said that all the English agreed against them, and so by 
arbitration they had had much wrong ; many miles square of land 
so taken from them, for English would have English arbitrators. 
Once they were persuaded to give up their arms, that thereby jealousy 
might be removed. The English having their arms would not return 
them as they had promised, until they consented to pay a hundred 
pounds. Now they had not so much money ; that they had as good be 
killed as leave all their livelihood." 

The Rhode Island men then proposed to Philip that an impartial 
arbitration might be had, by submitting the case to an " Indian King" 
of their own choosing, and the English might choose, on their part, the 
Governor of New York. Then neither party could complain of par- 
tiality. They seemed to like the idea, and said " we spoke honestly. 
So we were persuaded that if that way had been tendered, they would 
have accepted it." 

The Indians continued to urge their grievances, and the Rhode 
Island men told them it was not convenient for them to hear com- 
plaints, but to find a way to prevent war. The Indians said when 
any of them suffered justly, they could always satisfy their friends, 
but argued that what Indians did among themselves, outside of town- 
ships, the English had no concern with. They also " had a great fear 
to have any of their Indians to be called or forced to be Christians." 
Such, they said, were in everything more mischievous than other 
Indians. The English, they said, took them out of the jurisdiction of 
their Indian Kings. " We knew it to be true," says Easton, and that 
the Christian Indians wronged their Kings by lying about them. But 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 153 

Philip said it was not honest in them (the Rhode Island men) not to 
hear the just complaints of the Indians. So they consented to hear 
them. They went on to say they had been the first to do good to the 
English, and the English had been the first in doing wrong; that when 
the first English came, Philip's father was a great man, and the English 
as a little child; he prevented other Indians from wronging them, gave 
them corn and showed them how to plant it, and let them have a hun- 
dred times more land than now the King [Philip] had for his own 
people. Then they referred to the death of the other King, his brother 
[Alexander] whom the English caused miserably to die ; being forced 
to Court and poisoned. 

They said if twenty of their honest Indians proved that an English- 
man had wronged them " it was nothing." While if one of their 
worst [Christian] Indians testified against any of their King's men, it 
was sufficient. Their Kings had done wrong to sell so much land. 
That the English made the Indians drunk and then cheated them. 
Now their Kings were forewarned not to part with their lands, for 
nothing was of so much value. They would not own the King and 
Queen of the English, but would disinherit them, and make a King 
themselves, who would give or sell them back their lands. Now they 
had no hopes to keep any land. That the English cattle and horses 
had so increased, that when they removed thirty miles, they could not 
keep their corn from being spoiled, because they never being used 
to make fences. And when the English bought any land of them, 
they claimed the cattle that were on it. That the English would sell 
the Indians liquor and get them drunk, and then they often did mis- 
chief to their cattle, and their King could not prevent it. 

Such it appears were some of the grievances of the Indians as set 
forth by themselves. That they were not so great as they imagined, 
may be true, while on the other hand the English were able to set 
forth theirs without fear of contradiction. On the whole, this conference 
between the Rhode Island men and Philip was a very important one, 
and in the hands of an able writer, who knew all the circumstances, it 
would have formed one of the most interesting chapters of King Philip's 
War. But John Easton was a wretched narrator, and has left us in 
utter ignorance of much regarding the conference which we desire to 
know. Time,* place, names of the parties, all withheld, or ignorantly 
omitted. And this is the case with all he has left us; yet, that which 
is of more importance than style and manner, we doubtless have in his 
narrative, and that is truthfulness. 

The autograph of * ^~ /? s* 

King Philip is here ^fyjOJci&tf Ctfr'ctf^U^<Z~C OVK 9- 
given. It is copied *^/ ' * jTS 

from the original in ' ^J X^nULVHS- 

possession of the An- j& 

thor. The document 

bearing it was drawn up and executed in 1670. It was a settlement 

* In another part of Easton's account it is stated that the war begun " in a week's time after the 
conference." P. 16. 

154 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [April, 

of a boundary between him and another Chief. He had evidently 
made some attempts to use a pen, as his execution of a tolerably good 
P here shows. Several other signatures of his are extant. All of them 
consisting of the same letter, and all very well formed.* 


Threatening - aspect. — Indians in arms — House robbed. — Fears at Swansey. — Soldiers sent there — 
Bourne's Garrison. — Benjamin Church. — Hostilities. — Proceedings at Boston. — Various Accounts of 
the Beginning of Hostilities. — Hubbard's — The Old Indian Chronicle.— John Easton's.— Further 
notice of the Narragansets. — An Embassy proposed to them by Massachusetts. 

Notwithstanding the hostile attitude now assumed by the Indians, 
up to the 17th of June, 1675, efforts were continually made by the 
people of Plymouth to keep an intercourse open with them ; and on 
this very day, Mr. Paine (probably Nathaniel) of Rehoboth, and sev- 
eral others, went unarmed to Mount Hope to seek for horses which 
belonged to them, Philip having invited them to do so. But while 
upon this business they were intercepted by the Indians, who, present- 
ing their guns as if to shoot at them, compelled them to retire. The 
next day, or the day following, (June 18th or 19th,) Job "Winslow's 
house at Swansey was broken open and rifled by Philip's men. 

On Sunday, the 20th of June, the Indians burnt two houses at 
Swansey which the people had deserted through fear.f One of 
the houses probably belonged to Hugh Cole. Two of Cole's sons 
had been taken by Philip's men and carried to Mount Hope. Philip 
immediately ordered their release, because their father had always 
been his friend. J Thus alarmed, the people of Swansey dispatched a 
messenger to Plymouth for assistance. The said messenger reached 
Plymouth that night, and the next morning proceeded with an order 
from the Governor, to Bridgewater, for that town to raise and equip 
twenty men. These were ordered to march for the defence of Swan- 
sey, which they did the same night, though but seventeen were all 
" which could be got ready, and were the first that were upon their 
march in all the country."§ These seventeen were sent by Capt. Wil- 
liam Bradford to Matapoiset, a place twelve miles|| from Swansey, to 
strengthen the garrison at one Bourne's house, into which seventy 
men, women and children had taken refuge. Of this party only six- 
teen were men. " After they had marched five miles of their way, 
having Mr. [James] Brown's son for their pilot, they met with some 

* See History and Antiquities of Boston, 387. 

t Winslow's and Hinckley's Narrative of the Beginning and Progress of the Present Troubles. &c. 

t See Fessenden, in the Hist. Warren, R. 1. A different version of the affair will be seen in 
Church's Indian Wars, pp. 339, 340, edition 1827. See the particulars in a previous Chapter. 

$ Hubbard, 69. 

|| This distance is according to Hubbard. How it was computed is not known — perhaps around 
certain estuaries. According to Mr. Bliss (Rehoboth, 79,) the teal distance is no more than six miles. 
Matapoiset Neck is since called Gardner's Neck. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 155 

Swansey people, newly turned out of their bouses (by which they 
were to pass) who having not as yet resisted unto blood, yet made 
doleful lamentations, wringing of their hands, and bewailing their 
losses, very much also persuading Bridgewater men to turn back, be- 
cause of the danger ; but they having so clear a call had also more 
courage than cowardly to desert the cause of God and his people, lest 
they should thereby betray the lives of so many of their friends into the 
enemy's hands. And, so, by the good hand of God towards them, 
came safe to Metapoiset that night."* 

Meantime Gov. Winslow proclaimed a Fast,f to be kept on the 
Thursday following (June 24th,) and set about raising what men he 
could in and about Plymouth. CaptainJ Church being at Plymouth, 
at the request of the Governor, consented to accompany the forces as a 
volunteer; and he has left the following account of the affair :§ — Imme- 
diately on the news of the burnings at Swansey, by the messenger, or 
express just mentioned, "the Governor gave orders to the Captains of 
the towns, to march the greatest part of their companies and to ren- 
dezvous at Taunton, on Monday night (June 21st,) where Major Brad- 
ford was to receive them, and dispose them under Captain (now made 
Major) Cudworth. The Governor desired Mr. Church to use his 
interest in their behalf, with the Gentlemen of Rhode Island."| 

This second force marched on the 22d, being Monday. "Major 
Bradford desired Mr. Church, with a commanded party, consisting of 
English and some friend Indians, to march in front at some distance 
from the main body. Their orders were to keep so far before as not to 
be in sight of the army.H And so they did, for by the way they killed 
a dear, flayed, roasted, and eat the most of him before the army came 
up with them. But the Plymouth forces soon arrived at Swansey, 
and were chiefly posted at Major Brown's and Mr. Miles's garrisons," 
where they were afterwards joined by the forces from Massachusetts. 

At the same time the messenger was sent to Plymouth, as before 
mentioned, another was despatched to Boston, earnestly to solicit as- 
sistance. The government of Massachusetts at once responded, and 
while its forces were being concentrated at Boston, the Council deter- 
mined to make another attempt to maintain peace, and accordingly, on 
the 23d of June, sent two gentlemen to Mount Hope to intercede with 
Philip. At the same time, as the Indians had intended, hostilities 
were commenced by the English, and in this manner. One of the 
inhabitants of Swansey was so provoked by an Indian's persisting in 
killing his cattle, that he fired upon, and wounded him ; and thus was 
the first blood shed, and thus was brought on the disastrous war, upon 

* Hubbard, 69. 

t The Proclamation may be seen in Mr. Bliss's Hist. Rehoboth, p. 75, being there for the first time 

X Called Captain for his gallantry and social standing, but he was not commissioned as such until 
some time after this. 

§ Although Thomas, son of Mr. Church, is the author of the History usually cited as " Church's 
Indian Wars," the Narrative was doubtless dictated by the father. 

|| Church's Indian Wars, p. 30. 

IT None of the printed accounts give us any idea of the numbers of this army. Dr. I. Mather, also, 
denominates the force an army. Brief Hist., p. 3. Afterwards, when 1000 men were to be raised 
by the United Colonies, Plymouth's quota was 158. 

156 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [April, 

the details of which we are now entering. Although the Indian was 
wounded, his wound was not mortal, yet it served to remove the scru- 
ple which the Indians were under, as to the result of the contest; for 
they believed that the party which shed the first blood would be 

While the messengers, despatched from Boston on the 23d, were 
upon their way, the Indians fell furiously upon the English at Mata- 
poiset, which, according to a strict comparison of accounts, was, as 
Dr. Increase Mather has it, on " Midsummer's-day, June 24th, which 
was appointed and attended as a day of solemn humiliation throughout 
the colony of Plymouth, by fasting and praying, to intreat the Lord to 
give success to the present expedition respecting the enemy. At the 
conclusion of that day, as soon as ever the people in Swansey were 
come from the place where they had been praying together, the Indians 
discharged a volley of shot, whereby they killed one man, and wound- 
ed others. Two men were sent to call a surgeon for the relief of the 
wounded, but the Indians killed them by the way ;f and in another 
part of the town six men were killed; so that there were nine English- 
men murthered this day. "J The same pious author no less coolly than 
sensibly observes, that as the sword was drawn on a day of humilia- 
tion, " the Lord thereby declared from Heaven, that he expected some- 
thing else from his people besides fasting and prayer."^ 

The messengers which had been sent to Philip, from Massachusetts, 
arrived at Swansey towards the evening of the day of the massacre 
just detailed, and meeting with dead bodies in the road, concluded it 
would not be safe for them to proceed further, and thereupon retraced 
their steps to Boston. On their arrival the alarm was spread, and 
drums immediately "beat up for volunteers, and in three hours' time 
were mustered up one hundred and ten men." 

To be a little more particular with the beginning of this war, it will 
be necessary to review several other cotemporary accounts; and first, 
Mr. Hubbard's. His Narration, though somewhat confused in respect 
to dates, contains facts not recorded by others. He relates that a part 
of the company which went for the relief of the seventy people in 
Bourne's garrison, returned as a guard to Mr. Brown; that "in their 
return they came suddenly upon a party of Indians, about thirty in 
all ; that they were within shot of the English, who, having no com- 
mission to fight till they were assaulted, and not being impeached in 
their passage, returned safe to their garrison at Matapoiset ; the Indians 
drawing off and firing three guns (though not with intent to do the 
English any hurt, as was conceived,) gave a shout and so left them. 
When this party of the English drew near their garrison, they met with 

* This circumstance is mentioned by several early writers. It seems to have been well known to 
honest John Easton, who says it was so ; but whether the Indians got the idea from their Priests, or 
otherwise, he could not say. Narrative, 24. 

t The same mentioned by Church, no doubt, (p. 31.) They were killed near Mr. Miles's gar- 
rison. Ibid. 

i Brief History, p. 3. 

§ Possibly Dr. Mather had heard of Cromwell's celebrated recommendation to his soldiers in 
regard to keeping their powder in good condition. And although Cromwell doubtless believed as 
much in praying as any man, yet he did not recommend it at the expense of dry powder. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 157 

a company of carts going to fetch corn from an house deserted near by, 
about a quarter of a mile off from Mr. Bourne's house. The soldiers 
gave them notice of the Indians which they had discovered ; and withal 
advised them by no means to venture any more, because of the dan- 
ger ; but they were resolved, notwithstanding these earnest persuasions 
of the soldiers, to have another turn, which they soon found to be to 
the peril of their own lives, six of them being presently after either 
killed right out, or mortally wounded, as soon as they came to the barn 
where was the corn. These six are said to be the first that were slain 
in this quarrel. The soldiers at the garrison, hearing the guns, made 
what haste they could to the place, but being most of them in that 
interim gone to look their horses, they could not come time enough 
to the relief of their friends ; yet, upon their approach, they who had 
done the mischief presently fled away. One Jones, hard pursued by 
two Indians, was by their coming delivered from the extent of the 
enemy's cruelty, but, having received his mortal wound, had only that 
favor thereby, to die in the arms of his friends, though by the wounds 
received by his enemies."* 

Soon after the slaughter of the nine men, just related, the people at 
Bourne's garrison, by the help of the soldiers stationed there, were, 
with their effects, transported to Rhode Island. f 

The next cotemporary account is as follows: — "In the mean time 
King Philip mustered up about 500 of his men, and arms them compleat ; 
:and had got about 8 or 900 of his neighboring Indians, and likewise 
arms them complete ; (that is, with guns, powder and bullets.) The last 
spring, several Indians were seen in small parties about Rehoboth and 
Swansey, which not a little affrighted the inhabitants ; who demanding 
tthe reason of them, wherefore it was so? answer was made, that they 
were only on their own defence, for they understood that the English 
intended to cut them off. About the 20th of June last, seven or eight 
of King Philip's men came to Swansey on the Lord's day, and would 
grind a hatchet at an inhabitant's house there ; the master told them it 
was the Sabbath day, and their God would be very angry if he should 
let them do it. They returned this answer : They knew not who his 
God was, and that they would do it, for all him, or his God either. 
From thence they went to another house, and took away some victuals, 
but hurt no man. Immediately they met a man travelling on the road, 
kept him in custody a short time, then dismissed him quietly ; giving 
him this caution, that he should not work on his God's day, and that 
he should tell no lies."J 

" The first that was killed was June 23, a man at Swansey ; he and 
his family had left his house, amongst the rest of the Inhabitants, and 
adventuring with his wife and son (about 20 years old) to go to 

* In some notes appended to his Narrative, which he calls " A Table," &c, Mr. Hubbard makes a 
correction of, and additions to what is extracted in the text above. He says, at this time (1675) 
p Swansey consisted of 40 dwelling houses, most of them very fair buildings, and stands just at the 
entrance of Mount Hope, where were (June 24, 1675,) slain six men at Bourne's garrison, in Meta- 
poiset, (another neck not far from the former.) and three wounded as they came from the public meet- 
ing, two killed that went for the surgeon, and a Negro of Mr. Miles's wounded, so as he died soon 

t Hubbard, 70. \ Old Indian Chronicle, 8, 9. 

158 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [April, 

his house to fetch corn, and such like things; he having just before 
sent his wife and son away, as he was going out of the house was set 
on and shot by Indians. His wife, being not far off, heard the guns 
go off, went back. They took her, first defiled her, then skinned her 
head, as also the son, and dismist them both, who immediately died. 
They also the next day killed six or seven men at Swansey, and two 
more at one of the garrisons. And as two men that went out of one 
of the garrisons to draw a bucket of water, were shot and carried 
away, and afterwards found with their fingers and feet cut off, and the 
skin of their heads flayed off."* 

The next account of these cruelties is by one more willing than able 
to do justice to it. He was, from his locality, and social and political 
standing, in the way of being better informed than all or any of those 
who have left narratives or relations of the circumstances. This was 
John Easton of Rhode Island, already introduced to the reader. And 
as he may be considered the apologist of the Indians, his relation can- 
not fail always to excite a deep interest, especially as it was evidently 
dictated by simplicity and honesty. He was Governor of Rhode 
Island at one period. 

The last chapter was closed with Easton's account of a conference 
between certain gentlemen of Rhode Island (one of whom he was) and 
Philip and his chief men. By that conference the Rhode Island men 
hoped to avert hostilities. That account is here resumed : — On the 
part of the English of Rhode Island at the conference, it was argued 
that " all complaints might be righted without war." The Indians 
said they had not heard of an arbitration, such as had been suggested, 
namely, that an Indian King and the Governor of New York should be 
the umpires. It appears probable that if this course had been properly 
proposed to them by the people of Plymouth, that the war might have 
been prevented ; but no steps towards it appear to have been taken, 
and the subject began and ended in this conference. The Rhode Island 
men endeavored to impress upon the Indians, the fact that the English 
were too strong for them, and that they had better give up the idea of 
redress by war. The Indians said, " then the English should do as 
the Indians did when the Indians were too strong for them." 

Here the conference ended; and so, says Easton, " we departed with- 
out any discourteousness, and sudingly had a letter from Plimouth 
Governor that they intended in arms to conform [subdue] Philip," but 
the letter gave no intimation of what was required of the Indians, or 
what Philip had refused to do, that he was now to be made war upon. 
Then, Easton abruptly continues, — "Plymouth soldiers were come to 
have their head-quarters within ten miles of Philip; then most of the 
English thereabout left their houses, and we had letter from Plymouth 
Governor to desire our help with some boats if they had occasion for 
them, and for us to look to ourselves. And from the General [Cud- 
worth] at the quarters we had letter of the day they intended to come 
upon [attack] the Indians, and desired some of our boats to attend. 
So we look it to be of necessity for our Islanders one half one day and 

* Old Indian Chronicle, 10, 11. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 159 

night to attend, and the other half the next, so by turns for our own 
safety. In this time some Indians fell a pilfering some houses that the 
English had left; and an old man and a lad going to one of these 
houses did see three Indians run out thereof. The old man bid the 
young man shoot; so he did, and the Indian fell down, but got away 
again. It is reported that some Indians came to the garrison, asked 
why they shot the Indian. They asked whether he was dead. The 
Indians said, Yea. An English lad said it was no matter. The men 
endeavored to inform them it was but an idle lads word, but the In- 
dians in haste went away and did not hearken to them. The next 
day, [June 24th] the lad that shot the Indian, and his father, and five 
English men were killed. So the war begun with Philip." 

Thus it will be seen, that although these accounts do not exactly 
agree, each furnishes facts not contained in the others ; all are impor- 
tant to make up a full record of the beginning of the war. 

On the morning of the same day of the onslaught at Swansey, a 
man was fired upon at Rehoboth, and had the hilt of his sword shot 

The day following, namely, on the 25th of June, Layton Archer and 
his son were slain at Fall River. f Two days after, John Tisdale, sen. 
was killed at Taunton. 

It is said, but on no very good authority, being at best tradition, that 
Philip was averse to beginning the war, but that he could not restrain 
his young men. Had this been so John Easton would have mentioned 
it with emphasis; while he only says — "For concerning Philip we 
have good intelligence that he advised some English to be gone from 
their out places or they were in danger to be killed. "J He further 
adds, that whether this was to prevent war, or, in obedience to his 
priests, that the English might become the aggressors, he could not 

Upon the return of the messengers to Boston, who had been sent 
with instructions to Philip, as already mentioned, the Council was 
convened, and an embassy set on foot to treat with the Narragansets, 
whom all the Colonies feared, from their warlike character, and 
supposed great numbers. As to the latter, it was " affirmed " by Mr. 
Thomas Stanton, and his son Robert Stanton, " who, having a long 
time lived amongst them, and best acquainted with their language and 
manners of any in New England, that to their knowledge, the Nar- 
raganset Sachems had 2000 fighting men under them, and 900 arms."§ 
It was therefore of the utmost importance to prevent them from joining 
the Wampanoags. But the Council were not remarkable for their 
forbearance and conciliatory tone towards a people so far from being 
despicable in numbers at this period, and who had in the time of the 

* Hutchinson, Hist. Mass., I., 261, on the authority of Gov. Winslow. 

t This is according to Mr. Hubbard's information, obtained after he had written his original ac- 
count, and therefore believed to be correct. I am aware that in Winslow and Hinckley's Narrative 
it is stated that Thomas Layton was killed at the Fall River, June 24th, but as that Narrative is clearly 
wrong in several other points, I am inclined to think there is an error in this statement, and that Mr. 
Hubbard is correct. That both are correct is hardly probable. 

\ This undoubtedly has reference to Philip's advice to Hugh Cole, before noted. 

§ Hubbard. 

160 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [April, 

Pequot war been of such essential service to the English. Indeed they 
seem to have forgotten or overlooked these circumstances, and com- 
menced their manifesto in the very offensive language of recrimination 
and insult. However, it was thought best by some of the Council, or 
perhaps at the suggestion of Capt. Hutchinson, to erase the most offen- 
sive words from their paper before it was despatched. Yet the tone of 
it was, notwithstanding the erasures, far from what such a paper 
should have been. That the reader may judge for himself, a synopsis 
of its contents here follows: — 

" June 21st, 1675. The Council of Massachusetts to Moosuck, 
Ninigret and Squaw Sachem of Narrouganset* Or otherwise the gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts shall take themselves concerned to use all 
such means as may be necessary for the security of our allies and sup- 
porting such insolencies and treacherous conspiracy against them who 
have given no occasion for the same. — That Philip sachem of Mount 
Hope did yesterday make assault upon some English houses, and was 
marching on upon the town of Swansey, discovering his malicious de- 
signs against the English, to give disturbance to us. It is also 
informed that you are confederated with him, and that besides, seuerall 
of your men are already gone to Philip, others are by him speedily 
expected to come in to his assistance : these are therefore to let you 
know that we look upon these things, if true to be a high breach of 
this our covenants made with the English Colonies. And you are 
hereby required forthwith to break off all correspondence with Philip, 
to give speedy public commands to call home all your men that are 
with him, and lay a restraint upon all your subjects from going to 
Mount Hope, and that you speedily give us the best intelligence you 
can of this wicked design. "f 

This embassy progressed very slowly, as hostilities were commenced 
before the Ambassador bearing the above despatch set out from Boston. 
Indeed he appears not to have arrived at Swansey until the night of 
the 4th of July. He was instructed to visit Roger Williams at Provi- 
dence, and to confer with him as to the best mode of proceeding. The 
Council wrote to Mr. Williams upon the subject, but the contents of 
that letter are unknown. 

The events which transpired between the 24th of June and the 
arrival of Captain Hutchinson at Swansey are now to be sketched ; 
and as Captain Church was at the scene of hostilities, and had a perfect 
knowledge of all that passed, his account is of the first importance, and 
is here introduced. But in order to understand fully all the events 
which led to the present state of both English and Indians we must be 
a little more particular with what Captain Church has left us, and 
hence a retrospective step is here necessary to be taken. 

( To be Continued.} 

* Then followed the obnoxious lines, which, being erased, leaves the rest incomplete. 

f Massachusetts Archives. It is not certain that this paper, that is a copy of it, was sent ; for hos- 
tilities having commenced, and the news of them having reached Boston the evening of the day 
the paper was drawn up, Capt. Hutchinson did not proceed for several days — not until he could be 
protected by the army, which did not march from Bos- *- >, . •■ /) 

ton until June 26th. This copy of his autograph is JL^-jve*^ 1 ^/)i^r~rf+*A/dw 
from a document in possession of the Author. ^V. *— * 

186 J.] Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. 161 


Established in Middletown, Conn., A. D. 1650, upon the west bank of the 

Connecticut River. 

[Communicated by Samuel H. Parsons, Esq.] 

Extract from the Records of Middletown in 1656. — " Thomas Alin 
chosen Grave digger — to dig graves five feet deep, and to have three shil- 
lings apiece." Page 13, vol. 1. 

Burying-Place. — " At a Town meeting Nov. 27, 1658, it was agreed 
between the Town and Thomas Allen about the burying place, which is 
as follows, that the said Thomas Allin is to have the burying place for his, 
four years, and at the end of which time he engages to leave a good 
sufficient fence of post and rayle not above two years standing, and keep 
it from any damage by swine, provided the Town have free liberty to 
bury their dead and to travel by their graves.'" Page 16, vol. 1. 

Adams. — Here Lyeth the Body of Rebekah Adams, who Departed this 
Life June the 25th, 1715, aged 78 years. 

Abbott. — Hannah, daughter of Benjamin and Naomy Abbott, died 
August 24th, 1742, aged 1 year, 2 months. 

Adkins. — In memory of Deacon Solomon Adkins, who died Oct br 31st 
1748, in His 71st year. Isaiah 3d vers. 10th. Say ye to the Righteous 
that it shall be well with them. 

Allin. — Here lies the Body of Thomas Allin, only son of Mr Jonathan 
& Mrs Elizabeth Allin, who died Sept r the 25th, 1736, in the 9th year of 
his Age. 

Sleep, lovely child, and take thy peaceful rest, 
God call d thee Home because he tho't it best. 

Here lies the body of John Allin, son of Mr John & Mrs Mary Allin, 
who died May y e 20th, 1737, in y e 21st year of his Age. 

Alling. — Here lyeth the Body of Deacon Thomas Ailing, who De- 
ceased December y e 3 rd , 1733, in the 61st year of his Age. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs. Hannah Ailing, Relict of Deac n Tho s Ai- 
ling, who Dec d April y e 1st, 1740, in the 66th year of her Age. 

Bacon. — 1695. Sarah the wife of John Bacon Lyes Here, who Dyed 
Being Aged But 31 years, who Has Lying By Her Six Children Deare, 
And Two She Has Left Her Husban To Cher. 

Here is the Body of Mehetabel, Relict of Andrew Bacon, who Dyed 
Jan r y e 17th, 173£, in y e 63 rd year of her Age. 

Irene, daughter of John Bacon Jun r & Irene his wife, who died De- 
cemb r y e 9th, 1738, aged 10 weeks and 2 days. 

Here lies interrd y e Body of Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Bacon & daugh- 
ter of Deacon Ichabod & Mrs Mary Miller, who Dyed. 

Here lies the Body of Elder (John) Bacon of Middletown (son of Mr 
Nathaniel Bacon, Late of s d Middletown, but originally of Great Britain) 
who dec d Nov 4th 1732, in the 71st year of his Age. 

Here lyeth the Body of Mrs Hannah Bacon, the Wife of Lieu 1 Na- 
thaniel Bacon, who Dyed Sept y e 17th 1722, in the 42d year of Her Age. 

Here Lyeth the Body of Mrs Mary Bacon, who Dyed November y e 
16th, 1722, in the 73d year of Her Age. 

Baker. — Here lieth the Body of Mr Bayze Baker, who died Sept y e 
4th 1723, aged 51 years. 

162 Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. [April, 

Here Lies y e Body of Jeremier Baker, who died June ye 8th 1724, 
aged 12 years. 

Here Lyeth y e Body of Mrs Thankful Baker, who died June 9 1724, 
aged 15 years. 

Bedwel. — Here lyeth the Body of Daniel Bedwel, who departed this 
life in the year 1715 on the 5th of April, in the 55th year of His Age. 

Butler. — Here lyeth the Body of Peter Butler, who Dyed Sept. y e 
24th, 1732, in the 33d year of his Age. 

Brown. — Here lieth y e Body of James y e son of Mr James & Esther 
Brown, who departed this Life Sep y e 3, 1736, in y e 16th year of his age. 

Here lies interred the Body of Mrs Esther Brown, the Wife of Mr 
James Brown, who died Oct r y e 29th, 1754, in the 36 year of her Age. 

Here lies interred the Remains of Mr James Brown, who departed this 
Life December 10th, A. D. 1770, in the 96th year of his age. [He was 
a Scotchman from Edinburgh, and a merchant.] 

In Memory of Mrs Mary Brown, the Wife of Mr James Brown, who 

Here Lies the Body of Mrs Esther, the Daughter of Mr James & Mrs 
Esther Brown, who departed this Life December the 22, 1750, in the 18 
year of her Age. 

Mary, Daughter of Maj r Nathaniel & Mrs Sarah Brown, died April 20, 
1777, in the 3d year of her Age. 

Here lies the body of the truly virtuous, Peaceable and peace making 
Mr Nathaniel Brown, who lived in peace and Died May the 7th, 1735, in 
y e 53d year of his age, leaving one only Daughter the Heir of his fortune. 
[His daughter's name was Sarah, born March 14, 170f .] 

Mr Nathaniel Brown born Sep' 18 1683. Died May 7, 1735. [Son of 
Nathaniel Brown and Martha Huse.] 

Cande. — Here lies the Body of Sarah y e wife of Zacheus Cande, who 
died Sept r 30, 1737,-aged 59 years. 

You are but dust, 
And dye you must. 

Codner. — Elizabeth, a peacable & Loving Wife to Mr John Codner, 

Died May y e 8th 1741, in y e 30th year of her Age. 

Although this Body is 
Confined in the Dust, 
I hope her Soul is 
Free among the Just. 

Here lieth the Body [of] Mary, daughter of Mr John & Elizabeth Cod- 
ner, who died June y c 17th, 1740, aged 14 weeks. 

Among the Just we hope the soul 
of this sweet babe sure eroled. 

Cooper. — In memory of Mrs Abigail Cooper, relict of Capt. Lamber- 
ton Cooper, who died in 1752 in the 32 nd year of her Age. 

In memory of Capt. Lamberton Cooper, who was lost on a voyage at 
sea in 1747, in the 31st year of his age. 

Cornell. — Here lies the Body of Capt n Joseph Cornell, who Dec d Feb y 
ye 3, 1741, in the 62 nd year of his Age. 

Here lies the Body of Abigail, wife of Joseph Cornell, Died May 13th, 
1723, in the 40th year of her Age. 

Here Lies The Body of Benne Cornel, died November 12th 1724, 
aged 12 years. 

Cornwell. — Here lieth the Body of Sebel, Daughter of William Corn- 
well, who died August 21st, 1727, in the 11th year of her Age. 

Heere Lieth y e Body of Rebeckah Cornwell, the Wife of Timothy 

1861.] Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. 163 

Cornwell, and y e Daughter of Capt" James Wells of Haddam, who Died 
Nov r y e 9th, 1727, aged about 28 years. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs. Mary Cornwel, wife of Mr Benjamin Corn- 
wel, who Died Feb'y 19th, 1739, & in ye 43 rd year of her Age. 

Here lies the Bodies of Isaac and Nathaniel, sons of Jacob & Edith 
Cornwell, Both slain by Lightning in an instant, April y e 13th, 1739. 
Isaac in y e 17th & Nathaniel in y e 10th year of their Age. 

Collins. — 1689. Daniel Collins, son to Mr Samuel Collins, and Died 
June the 6th, 1689, being 13 years of his Age. 

Here lyes the Body of Mr Samuel Collins, who Died the 10 January, 
1696, being in the 60 year of his age. 

Here Lyeth the Body of Lament Collins, Daughter of Robert and Lois 
Collins, who Dyed May ye 13th. 1732, in y e 28th year of her Age. 

Lois, Daughter of Jonathan & Mary Collins, Dyed November y e 12th, 
1732, aged 2 years & 3 months. 

Dan Collins, son of Jonathan and Mary Collins, Dec d . May y e 13th, 
1735, in the 8th year of his age. This lovely pleasant child. 

Cotton. — Elisabeth, daughter of Mr. William & Mrs. Esther Cotton, 
who died December y e 11th, 1747, in y e 5th. year of her Age. 

George, son of Mr. William & Mrs. Esther Cotton, who died July y e 
23d, 1753, aged 1 year & 8 months. 

Cutler. — N. W. Cutler, age in the 100 year. Died June the 5th, 1706. 

Crauath. — Here lies y e body of Mrs Elizabeth, Wife of Mr Samuel 
Crauath, who died March y e 30th, 1740, aged 28 years. 

Dickinson. — Here lies the Body of Mr. Charles Dickinson, son of Mr 
Charles Dickinson of Seabrook, who Dec d . July 13, 1746, aged 26 years. 

Dixwell. — Here lyeth the Body of Mrs Bathsh a Dixwell, Relict of Mr 
John Dixwell Esq, who Departed this life December y e 27th, 1729, Aged 
83 years. 

Doud. — Here lies the body of Serg* Jacob Doud, who died Oct. y e 18, 
1735, aged 42 years. 

Here lies the Body of Elizabeth, Daughter of Serg* Jacob Doud and 
Elizabeth his Wife, who Dyed March 9, 1736, Aged 16 years. 

Dwight. — Here Lies The Body of Daniel, son of Mr Samuel & Mary 
Dwight, died April 27, 1734, aged 5 years. 

Deane. — Here lieth the Body of Mrs Mary, late wife of Deac n Ephr ra 
Deane, who died Decemb r 23d, 1751, aged 49 years. 



Green. — Here Lyeth the body of Sarah Green, the wife of James 
Green, the Daughter of William Ward, who Died February the 20th, Anno 
Dom. 1731, in y e 24 year of her Age. 

1694. HERE . LYES . OVR 


164 Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. [April, 

Here Lyeth the Body of Capt John Hall,* who Departed this life No- 
vember y e 25th 1711, in y e 64th year of his Age. 

Here Lyeth the Body of Abigail Hall, y e Wife of Samuel Hall, Junior, 
who Died March y e 25th, 1725-6, aged about 26 years. 

Here Lies the Body of Lieut Samuel Hall, who died March y e 24, 
1740, in the 82 nd year of his age. 

This monument is sacred to the memory of Giles Hall Esq and Esther 
his wife. They excelled in charity and benevolence, and having done 
much good in their day and generation fell asleep greatly Lamented by 
those that survived them. 

Giles Hall Esq, son of Capt n John Hall, Departed this Life February 
y e 11th, AD. 1750, in the 70th year of his Age. 

Mrs Esther Hall, Eldest Daughter of y e Hon ble John Hamlin, Esq, de- 
parted this Life October 8th, A.D. 1751, in the 57th year of her Age. 
Hamlin. — 

Here's a Cedar tall gently wafted o'er, 

From Great Britain's Isle to this Western shore ; 

Near Fifty years crossing the Ocean wide, 

Yet's anchored in the grave, from storm and tide. 

Yet remember, the body only here, 

His blessed soul, fixed in a higher spere. 

Here lies the body of Giles Hamlin, Esq ; aged 67 years, who departed 
this life the first day of September A.D. 1689. 

Ebenezer Hamlin, who died 2d month of his age 1702. 

Here lyeth the Body of Mrs Mary Hamlin, the wife of John Hamlin 
Esq, who Departed this life the 5th day of May 1722, in the 56 year of 
her age. 

Here lies the Body of John Hamlin Esq, eldest son of Giles Hamlin 
Esq of Middletown, a Faithful Man, and Feared God Above Man ; 36 
years successfully he was an Assistant of this Colony, and in that and 
Diverse other important Publick Missions he served his Generation with 
great integrity, not seeking his own but the wealth of his People, and 
Having done good in Israel finished his Cowrs and kept the Faith ; he fell 
asleep Jan.'y 2 nd 1732-3, in the 75th year of his Age. 

Here lies the body of Mary, the virtuous consort of Jabez Hamlin Esq r , 
and daughter of Hon. Christopher Christophers Esq. of New London, 
who fell asleep April y e 3d, A. D. 1736, in the 24th year of her Age. 

So Fair, so young, so Innocent, so sweet, 
So ripe a judgment and so rare a Wit, 
Require at Least an Age in one to meet. 
In her they met, but long they could not Stay, 
'Twas gold too fine to mix without allay. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Mr Charles Hamlin, & 
daughter of Mr Joseph Starr, Sen 1 ", who died Sept y e 16th, 1736, aged 25 

Here lyeth the body of Mrs Susannah Hamlin, who died February y e 
24, 1741-2, aged 52 years. 

Harris.— 1689. HEAR . LYEH . THE . DECEAED . BODY . 

Here Lies one Dead which in Her Life 
"Was my Loving, Pious Wife. 

Abigail Harris Died May 22d, 1723. 

Hands. — Here lies the Body of Sarah, Daughter of Mr Benjamin & 
Mrs Sarah Hands who died Aug* 16th, 1719, aged 22 years & 8 days. 

* Will dated Nor. 23, 1711. 

1861.] Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. 165 

Here lies Interr d the Body of Mr Benjamin Hands, son of Mr Benjamin 
Hands in Great Britain. He was born in the County of Oxford and in 
the Parish of Cropody, and lived in Middletown 58 years, who died Jan- 
uary the 8th, 1740, in the 82 nd year of his Age. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs. Sarah Hands, Widow of Mr Benjamin 
Hands, who died April 27th, 1744, in the 77th year of her age. 

Helton. — Here lyeth the Body of Recompence Helton, son of Richard 
Helton, who dyed April 10, 1732, in the 23d year of his Age. 

Hollister. — Here lyeth the Body of Jacob Hollister, Late of City of 
Bristol in Great Britain, Mach 1 , Dec d , who Departed This Life y e 31st 
Day of October, Anno 1720, TEtatis suae 49 years. 

Hubbard. — Here Iieth the Body of Mr Nathaniel Hubbard, who died 
May y e 20th, 1738, in the 86 year of his Age. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs Mary, the Wife of Ebenezer Hubbard, who 
dyed August 1739, aged 74 years. 

Here lyes the Body of Mr Richard Hubbard, who dyed July y e 30th, 
1732, aged 77 years. 

Mrs Abigail Hubbard, wife of Mr Robert Hubbard, Dec d April y e 23 rd , 
1735, in y e 59th year of her Age. 

Pious, kind and good, Lov'd by all Near, 
Useful on Earth, to Heaven dear, 
Was she whose dust lies buried here. 

Here lies y e Body of Mr Robert Hubbard, who Dec d June y e 19th, 
A.D. 1740, in y e 68th year of his Age. 

Phebe, Deces d . 1736 j 3 children of 

Robert, Deces d . 1742 \ Mr Robert and 

Mica, Deces d . 1747 ) Mrs Elizabeth Hubbard. 

Here lies the Body of Mr Ebenezer Hubbard, who died April 29, 1743, 
aged about 78 years. 

Hurlbert. — In memory of Mrs Martha, wife of Mr Thomas Hurlbert 
and Daughter of the Reverend Nathaniel Collins, who died June, 1748, 
aged about 77 years. 

In memory of Mr Thomas Hurlbert, who Died Feb rjr 1752, aged about 
81 years. 

Hubbard. — Here lies the Body of Mary, ihe wife of Nath 1 Hubbard, 
Sen 1 ", who Departed this Life April 6, 1732, in the 69th year of his age. 

Ingraham. — Here lies inter'd the Body of Mr Josep Ingraham of Mid- 
dletown, late of Boston, who Departed this Life April the 3d, 1745, 
iEtatis suae 31. 

Jennins. — Here lieth y e Body of William, son of William & Elisabeth 
Jennins, died June 20th, 1747, aged 16 months. 

Johnson. — Here Lyeth the Body of Isaac Johnson, who Departed this 
Life February the 3d, 1719, in the 77 year of his Age. 

Here Lyeth the Body of Elezebeth, The Wife of Joseph Johnson, who 
Deceded March 4, 1720, aged 41 years. 

Kent. — Here lies the Body of Samuel Kent, who Died January y e 14th, 
1739, Aged 4 months and 10 Days. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs. Elisabeth Kent, Wife of Ensign John Kent, 

who dec d . March y e 25th, 1746, Aged 38 years. 

Who while here she's vertuous 
In heart and life yet go she must 
But rise again up with the Just. 

King. — John y e Son of Capt. Henry & Mrs Mary King, Died April y« 
4th, 1746, in y e 7th year of his age. 

166 Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. [April, 

Mary, Daughter to Henry & Mary King, Died August y e 29, A. D. 
1733, aged one year & 29 Days. 

Here lies the Body of Hannah King, who died Dec r y c 1, 1759, in the 
year of her Age. 

MacDonough. — Sacred to the memory of Com. Thomas MacDonough, 
of the U. S. Navy. He was born in the State of Delaware, Dec. 1783, 
and died at sea of pulmonary consumption, while on his return from the 
command of the American Squadron in the Mediterranean, on the 10th 
Nov. 1825. He was distinguished in the world as the Hero of Lake 
Champlain, in the Church of Christ as a faithful, zealous and consistent 
Christian, in the community where he resided, when absent from profes- 
sional duty, as an amiable, upright and valuable citizen. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Lucy Ann, wife of Com. Thomas Mac- 
Donough, & daughter of Nathaniel & Lucy Ann Shaler. The richest 
gifts of Nature & of Grace adorn'd her mind & heart, & at her Death 
Genius, Friendship & Piety mourn'd their common loss. She preceded 
her husband to the realms of glory only a few short months, having de- 
parted this life Aug 1 9, 1825, se. 35. They were lovely and pleasant in 
their lives, and in their death they were not divided. 

Meigs. — Elisha Meigs, son of Return & Elizabeth Meigs, deceased 
October y e 10th, 1736, aged 2 years 8 months 25 Days. 

Jonna Meigs, son of Return & Elizabeth Meigs, Dec d October y e 4th, 
1736, aged one year & 5 Days. 

Elisha Meigs, son of Mr Return & Mrs Elizabeth Meigs, Died Decem- 
ber y e 22d, 1739, aged 11 weeks & 2 Days. 

Elizabeth Meigs, Daughter of Mr Return & Mrs Elizabeth Meigs, died 
April y e 16th, 1740, aged 2 years & 9 months & 2 Days. 

Here lies interrd the body of Mrs Elizabeth, late wife of Lieu 1 Return 
Meigs, who departed this life September 17th, A. D. 1762, aged 50 years. 

M. S. of Mr Return Meigs, who died June 22, 1782, aged 74 years. 

Miller. — Here lies Mary Miller, the Wife of Benjamin Miller, who 

dyed Decemb r the 15th, 1709, aged 35 years. 

She Did Desire To Serve The Lord Her Master, 
That God and Christ might save and not forsake her. 

Here Lies the Body of Daniel Miller, Deceased June 23, 1710. 

Here lies The Body of Thankful, Dafter of Benjamin Miller Jun r & 
Hannah his Wife, Died Dec r y e 8th, 1733, aged one year 7 months & 
26 Days. 

Here lieth y e Body of Mr Nathaniel Miller, who died Sept r y e 26th, 
1736, in y e 32d year of his Age. 

The Hon. Asher Miller Esq, Mayor of the City of Middletown, Chief 
Justice of the Co. Court for the Co. of Middlesex, and Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Middletown, died Dec. 24th, 1821, in the 
69th year of his age. 

Precious in the sight of the Lord 
is the Death of his Saints. 

Rockwell. — Here lies interred the Body of Capt. Joseph Rockwell, 
who was chosen Deacon of the first church of Christ in Middletown, May 
the 31st, 1704, and having served his own generation by the Will of God, 
fell on sleep October y e 27, 1742, in the 75th year of his Age. 

Ebenezer, son of Mr Ebenezer & Mrs Susan h Rockwell, died April 3d, 
1745, aged 11 Days. 

In memory of Mr. Joseph Rockwell, who died Oct r 16th, A. D. 1757, 
in the 61st year of his Age. 

1861.] Epitaphs in Middletown, Ct. 167 

This monument is sacred to the memory of Deacon William Rockwell, 
who Departed this life July 28th, 1765, iEtatis 63. In religious and civil 
life he was active, useful and benevolent, a faithful Husband and affec- 
tionate Father & a kind Friend. Survivors mourn his Death as their loss, 
while they trust that it was his gain. 

Rossiter. — Here lies interred the body of Mr. Timothy Rossiter, who 
dec d Feb* 2 nd , 1750, in the 25th year of his Age. 

Russell. — Here lies the Body of Giles Russell, born Decemb r 8th, 
1693, Deceased Jan y 13th, 1711, aged 18. 

Here Lies the Body of the Mr Noadiah Russell, Minister of the Gospel 
in Middletown, who having lived his Generation by the Will of God, fell 
asleep Dec r 3d, 1713, in y e 55th year of his Age. 

Here Lies y e Body of Esther, Daughter of y e R d Noadiah Russell, 
who was Born August 20, 1699, & Died March 27th, 1720, in the 21st 
year of Her Age. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs Mary, Daughter of the Rev. Mr Noadiah 
Russel, who died Feb y 27, 172|. In the 27th year of Her Age. 

In memory of Mr John Russel, who died Oct. 17th, 1780, In the 84th 
year of his Age. 

Here lies the Body of Mrs. Mary Russel, the pious, amiable, prudent 
wife of the R d Mr. William Russel, who died July 24, 1740, in the 38th 
year of her Age. 

Here Lies the Body of Mrs Mary Russel, Wife of the R d Mr Noadiah 
Russel, and a Mother in Israel, who died October 4th, 1743, in the 81st 
year of Her Age. The memory of the Just is Blessed. 

S. M. The Rev d Mr William Russel, a man of God, eminent for Wis- 
dom, Prudence and Morality, having served his Generation by the Will 
of God, a Tutor and Fellow of Yale College, & Pastor of the first church 
in Middletown, died June 1st, A. D. 1761, se. 71, Ny. 46. 

He fought a {rood fight, 
He kept the Faith. 


AGED . 64 . AND 
DIED . THE . 31 . OF 
MARCH 1703. 

Lois, Daughter of Mr Ebenezer & Mrs Hannah Sage, Died July y e 23d, 
1742, Eight days old. 

Lois, Daughter of Mr. Ebenezer and Mrs Hannah Sage, who died 
Sept r . y e 14th, 1744, being 1 year and 1 Day old. 

In memory of John Sage, who died Jan 7 22, 1750, se. 85. 

Also Hannah his Wife, who died Sept. 28, 1733, se. 80. 

Remains of Ebenezer Sage, son of John & Hannah Sage, who died 
1753, se.42. 

Also Hannah Coleman his wife. 

Sumner. — 1689. Hannah Sumner, Aged 7 years. Dyed March the 18th. 

Here Lyeth y e Body of Ebenezer Sumner, aged years. Dved Janury 
17, 1698. 

Hear Lyeth the Body of William Sumnor, aged 47 years. Dyed July 
20, 1703. 

Here lies the Body of Mr William Sumner, who Dec d Nov r y e 15th, 
1739, In y e 35th year of his Age. 

Here lies Interr'd the Body of Lieut Hezekiah Sumner, who Departed 
this Life May y e 7th, 1749, In the 66th year of his Age. 

168 Gubernatorial Reminiscences. [April, 


The recent induction into office of Gov. Andrew, the twenty first per- 
son elected Governor of Massachusetts since the adoption of the present 
constitution in 1780, calls to mind an interesting fact respecting the lon- 
gevity of our ex-governors. Since 1825, there have been ten governors 
of Massachusetts, (not including Gov. Andrew and Hon. Samuel T.Arm- 
strong, who was acting governor in 1836.) Of these ten, nine are now 
living, Gov. Davis of Worcester only having deceased. The following 
is a list of the governors for the last 35 years, and their term of office : — 


Levi Lincoln 




John Davis 




Edward Everett 




Marcus Morton 




George N. Briggs 




George S. Boutwell 




John H. Clifford 


New Bedford, 


Emory Washburn 




Henry J. Gardner 




Nathaniel P. Banks 





The average term of office of our governors the last 80 years has been 
4 years, and 3J years for the last 35 years. Of the nine living ex-gov- 
ernors, Gov. Morton is the oldest, and Gov. Lincoln the next. Gov. 
Morton was governor three terms: first, an acting governor in 1825, 
occasioned by the death of Gov. Eustis ; second, in 1840, when he was 
elected by the people by a majority of one vote over all others, about one 
hundred thousand votes having been cast ; and he was governor the third 
time in 1844, when he was elected by a majority of one by the Legisla- 
ture. He may therefore be considered the lucky governor, coming into 
office under such singular circumstances and at periods so far apart. 
Gov. Morton and Gov. Boutwell are the only governors that have repre- 
sented the democratic party since 1825. That party has, therefore, had 
the administration only four years during the last 35 years ! 

Of the Lieutenant Governors since 1825, seven are now living, not in- 
cluding Gov. Goodrich, who has just taken the office. We give the names 
and terms of each : — 

Thomas L. Winthrop of 

Samuel T. Armstrong " 

George Hull " 

Henry H. Childs " 

John Reed " 

Henry W. Cushman " 

Elisha Huntington " 

William C. Plunket " 

Simon Brown " 

Henry W. Benchley " 

Eliphalet Trask " 

There have been 33 lieutenant governors since 1780, and 10 during the 
last 35 years. Of the 7 of the latter now living, the venerable Dr. Childs 
of Pittsfield is the senior. 

Of the 9 living ex-governors we think the State may well be proud. 
We doubt whether a State in the Union has a larger number of living ex- 
governors, and we feel sure that none has so many whose ability and 
character will compare with ours. H. W . C. 


































1861.] Robert Cushman'' s Sermon. 169 


The first Sermon in America that was Printed. 
[Communicated by Henry W. Cushman, of Bernardston, Mass.] 

Eleven editions of that famous sermon having been printed, I give a 
sketch of each for the benefit of antiquarian bibliographers, and all others 
interested in the literature and theology of the Pilgrim Fathers of New 
England. , 

Robert Cushman, one of the most active and influential of the " Levden 
Puritans," arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in the ship Fortune, in 
November, 1621. It was soon determined by his intimate friend and co- 
adjutor, Gov. Bradford, and others of the Plymouth Colony, that Mr. 
Cushman should return to England in " the Fortune," and continue to act 
there as the agent of the Pilgrims. Although not a Clergyman, but only 
a kind of " Lay Preacher," yet a short time before he sailed for England 
— whence he never returned, but died there some four years after — on 
Sunday, the ninth day of December O. S., or 19th of December N. S., 1621, 
the first anniversary Sunday of the landing of the Pilgrims, he preached a 
Sermon in the " Common House" of the Colony, then situated on the 
south side of the present Leyden Street, Plymouth, Mass., on " The sin 
and danger of Self-love, and the sweetness of true Friendship." Text, 
First Corinthians, x. 24 : " Let no man seek his own, but every man an- 
other's wealth." 

" Let us for a moment picture in our minds the condition of Plymouth 
at the time of the delivery of that Discourse, and imagine the audience 
that assembled to hear it. It was then just about one year since they first 
landed. But fifty of the whole number who came in the May Flower 
were then living. Thirty-six had arrived in the Fortune. So that his 
audience could not have exceeded seventy to eighty persons, of all ages 
and both sexes. l The Common House' was the place where they held 
their religious meetings and their municipal gatherings. We may sup- 
pose that it was rude in its' construction and unfinished in many parts. 
Its roof was • thatched,' and to us it must have presented an unique ap- 
pearance and indicated a semi-civilized community." 

" There, in that little building, were gathered together the hopes of the 
Puritan — the germ of a mighty Republic — the beginnings of a civilization 
of which the mind, in its farthest reach, cannot conceive the end." 

" Their friend, their coadjutor for many years, their companion through 
many trials, was about to depart, and, as it proved, it was a last farewell. 
He desired to speak to them words of consolation, of hope, of advice be- 
fore he left. On the ninth of December, therefore, that little community 
assembled to hear the parting words of one, on whom they had oftentimes 
relied. On his right, in the 4 Common House,' we may suppose was 
seated, with great dignity and decorum, the Governor, William Bradford, 
whose wisdom was their support in many dark and doleful days. Near 
him was his c Assistant' in the government, Isaac Allerton, who, with 
Bradford, then constituted the whole administration of the civil power of 
the Colony. On his left sat Elder Brewster, the perfect personification 
of religious devotion and trust in God. Nearly in front was, probably, 
the place of Capt. Standish, who then exercised the military command of 
the Colony, and who, in every move and look, indicated that he felt the 

170 Robert Cushman's Sermon. [April, 

importance, the dignity, and the honor of his office. Edward Winslow, 
a pillar of the little community, must have been in a conspicuous place. 
Ranged around them were others, their brethren of a common faith, their 
wives and children, forming a group such as the world has seldom seen." 

" Under such circumstances and to such an audience was the sermon 
of Robert Cushman, 4 on the sin and danger of self-love,' delivered. 
And it seems to us quite singular, that to a body of men so self-sacrificing, 
so zealously devoted to the common cause, such a subject was selected 
and deemed necessary. But they were the best judges of what was fit 
and proper and best for themselves."* 

So valuable and important to the Pilgrim cause was this, sermon consid- 
ered, that it was printed in London, England, early the next year (1622), 
with a Prefatory Address, by the writer, " To his Loving Friends, the 
Adventurers for New England ; together with all well-wishers and well- 
workers thereunto, grace and peace, &c." 

Of the first edition, two copies only are known to exist. One of these 
was purchased in England by the late Edward A. Crowninshield of Bos- 
ton, — for which he paid about $60, — a pamphlet of some 25 pages. It 
was sold with his library, after his decease, to Henry Stevens, Esq., and 
was carried to England, but recently it has been purchased by Charles 
Deane, Esq., of Cambridge, at a high cost. It is thus sure of being re- 
tained and preserved in the United States. All friends of antiquarian 
research will feel grateful to Mr. Deane for his efforts and sacrifices to 
retain in this country so rare and valuable a work. The other copy of 
the first edition has recently been found in the-library of Prof. James 
Russell Lowell, of Cambridge, Mass., bound up with other old sermons. 
He has very generously given it to the Library of Harvard University, 
where it will be preserved as a memorial of " the days of auld lang syne." 

As the title page of the first edition is unique and peculiar, I give a 
copy of it entire, verbatim et literatim : — 

A | Sermon | Preached at | Plimmoth in | New England | Decem- 
ber 9, 1621. | In an Assemblie of his | Modesties, Faithful \ Subiects 
their | inhabiting. | Wherein is Shewed | the danger of Self-love, and 
the | sweetnesse of true Friendship. | Together with a Preface | 
Shewing the State of the Country | and Condition of the | Savages, j 
Rom. 12 : 10. | Be affectioned to love one another | with brotherly love. 
| Writen in the yeare 1621. | London | Printed by J. D. by John Bel- 
lamie | and are to be sold at his Shop at the two Grey | hounds in Corn- 
hill neere the royall | Exchange 1622. — 

It will be noticed that the text, " Be affectioned to love one another with 
brotherly love," is translated in the Bible that we use — King James's 
translation — " Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love." 

The second edition of that sermon was printed at Boston in 1724, and, 
says Judge Davis of Boston, whose antiquarian researches and means of 
judging were most ample and complete, — " Though his name (Robert 
Cushman) was not prefixed to either edition, (the first or the second), yet 
unquestioned tradition renders it certain that he was the author, and even 
transmits to us a knowledge of the spot where it was delivered." A copy 
of this edition — and the only extant copy — is in the Library of the Anti- 
quarian Society at Worcester. 

The third edition was printed by Nathaniel Coverly, at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, in 1785, with an appendix of four pages, containing a 

* From Cushman Genealogy. 

1861.] Robert Cushman's Sermon. 171 

biographical notice of " Mr. Robert Cushman, the author of the sermon, 
"written by Judge Davis of Boston." Another copy of Coverly's Plym- 
outh edition has the imprint of 1788, the sermon in all other particulars 
being a fac-simile of the copy that has the imprint of 1785. I am not 
able to give the reason for this change or error in the date of the imprint. 
The supposition that it was an error, is the most probable. I have the 
authority of Judge Davis, before mentioned, that 1785 was the true date 
of Coverly's Plymouth edition. I have, therefore, called both of these 
dates on the imprint but one edition. 

The copy of Coverly's edition, now before me, has the autograph of 
" Deborah Sampson, her book, 1785," in two places written on it. She 
was, probably, the famous Deborah Sampson of Revolutionary memory, 
who served about three years, in male attire, as a soldier, in fighting the 
battles of her country. In consideration of her services, a pension was 
granted her by a special act of Congress. Sylvia Sampson, a sister of 
Deborah, married Jacob Cushman of Plympton, in 1799, and it was, prob- 
ably, in that branch of the Cushman family that the copy of that sermon 
and autograph was found. 

The fourth edition was printed at Boston in 1815, by " T. G. Bangs, 
Printer." It omits the appendix containing the account of Robert Cush- 
man, by Judge Davis. It is an octavo pamphlet of 30 pages. The title 
page of this edition differs from all others. 

The fifth edition — small octavo, pp. 40 — was printed at Stockbridge, 
Massachusetts, by Charles Webster, in 1822. It contains Judge Davis's 

The sixth edition was printed in Dr. Young's " Chronicles of the Pil- 
grims," at Boston, in 1841, in which a small part of the sermon is omitted. 

The seventh edition (pp. 35) was published and the copy right secured 
by " Rebecca Wiswell, 23 Purchase Street, Boston," in 1846. On the 
page next after the title page, is an address " To the Reader," written 
probably by the publisher, in which she says, u The sermon contained in 
the following pages is now presented to the public for the third time." 
The London and the Plymouth editions were all that she had seen. Hence 
her mistake. 

The eighth edition was published in Boston Dec. 22, 1846, by Charles 
Ewer, a large octavo, pp. 32. It contains, besides the sermon and the 
original preface, a connected biographical sketch of the author, by Judge 
Davis, and a letter from him, dated at Boston, Dec. 21, 1846, in which 
he acknowledges some " previous mistakes" in reference to the motives of 
the Pilgrims, and their views " respecting property and civil polity," 
which he had entertained. It also contains a foot note by Dr. N. B. 
Shurtleff of Boston, explaining some circumstances in the life of Robert 
Cushman. Says Judge Davis, in the conclusion of his letter, — "That 
discourse is a precious relic of ancient times, the sound sense, good ad- 
vice, and pious spirit which it manifests, will, it may be hoped, now and 
in all future time, meet with approval and beneficial acceptance in our 

The ninth edition (12mo. pp. 48) was published in New York City, by 
J. E. D. Comstock, in 1847. On the title page it is called, "The first 
sermon preached in New England and the oldest extant of any delivered 
in America." It has an address " To the Reader," by the publisher, and 
was stereotyped and the copy right secured by him. It contains some 
other matter relating to the Pilgrims, besides the sermon and the biograph- 
ical sketch of the author. 

172 Deaths at Portsmouth, N. H. [April, 

The tenth edition was printed in the " Cushman Genealogy," in 1855. 

The eleventh edition was published by J. E. D. Comstock, New York, 
in 1858. It is, in many particulars, like the ninth edition. The follow- 
ing is the title page : — 

" The | First Sermon | ever preached in New England ; | the first 
printed and the oldest American Discourse extant, | by Robert Cushman | 
1621 | with a Curious Account of the New | England Country, Indians, 
Adven | tures &c. by the same Author | And a sketch of his life | Also 
| the first Prayer-meeting | and | the first Thanksgiving | on the | " Wild 
New England Shore." — 

A copy of the eleven editions of that sermon — except the first and sec- 
ond — are now before the writer hereof, and are owned by him. The 
Editor of the Register and some other gentlemen have copies of sev- 
eral editions. 


Boston, Feb. 8, 1861. 
To the Editor of the Genealogical Register: 

Sir — The following Record of Deaths was copied from the bottom of a large silver 
waiter in the possession of the Hon. Asa Freeman of Dover, N. H. The relic was in- 
herited by his lady from the estate of Hon. Theodore Atkinson, of Portsmouth. Mr. 
Atkinson's wife, Hannah Wentworth, was a sister of Gov. Benning Wentworth, and the 
names on the waiter are mostly of persons connected by marriage with the Wentworth 
family. The names do not appear to have been engraved at one time, but rather at 
various times, probably as the deaths occurred. As the record was made in the family 
and at the time, it gives without doubt the true dates, and will help to verify or correct 
other records of these dates. The record has given me four dates which I have before 
searched for in vain. It may help some other person in this way. 

Yours, &c. James C. Odiorne. 


Benjamin Plummer, May 8, 1740 24 

John Rindge, Nov. 6, 1740 45 

Christopher Rymes, April 3d, 1741 41 

Shadrich Walton, Octo. 3d, 1741 83 

Joshua Pierce, Feb. 7th, 1742 72 

Elizabeth Wibird, Feb. 12th, 1742 73 

John Downing, Sept. 16th, 1744 85 

Joseph Sherburne, Dec. 3, 1744 64 

Mary Sherburne, Mar. 6th, 1745-6 61 

Mary Huske, March 8th, 1745-6 43 

Arthur Slade, Jan. 12th, 1746 64 

Dudley Odlin, Feb. 13th, 1747-8 37 

Jotham Qdiorne, Sr. Aug. 16th, 1748 73 

Ann Pierce, Oct. 19th, 1748 25 

Mary Westbrook, Oct. 23, 1748 75 

George Walker, Dec. 7th, 1748 86 

George Jaffrey, May 8th, 1749 66 

Jane Frost, May 22, 1749 64 

Mary Sherburne, Nov. 27th, 1750 28 

Elizabeth Vaughan, Dec. 7th, 1750 68 

Jotham Odiorne, May 19th, 1751 48 

Nicholas Daniel, June 24th, 1751 31 

Sarah Odiorne, June 23, 1752 76 

Capt. William Pearson, Dec. 2d, 1752 55 

1861.] Indian Deed of Lands in Middleborough. 173 

Mary Moore, March 12th, 1753 45 

Elizabeth Solley, March 13th, 1753 34 

Mary Wilson, ' April 15th, 1753 71 

Richard Waldron, Aug. 23d, 1753 60 

Dorothy Sherburne, Jan. 3d, 1754 74 

Sarah Downing, Jan. 11th, 1754 70 

Mary Wentworth, June 13th, 1755 32 

Henry Sherburne, Dec. 29th, 1757 83 

Eliza Waldron, Oct. 16th, 1758 57 

Mary March, March 22d, 1759 80 

Sir William Pepperrell, Bart. July 6th, 1759 63 

Mary Messerve, Aug. 8th, 1759 47 

+, Ann Tash, Aug. 25th, 1759 63 

John Wentworth, Nov. 8th, 1759 39 

Samuel Smith, May 2d, 1760 74 

Dorothy Gilman, Jan. 25th, 1761 49 

Ann Packer, Jan. 12th, 1762 61 

Hannah Sherburne, Feb. 10th, 1762 57 

Margaret Chambers, Aug. 6th, 1762 82 

Madame D. Newmarch, Jan. 8th, 1763 63 

M. Gambling, Aug. 29th, 1764 75 

John Downing, Feb. 14th, 1766 82 

His Ex. Benning Wentworth, Oct. 14th, 1770 75 

T. Wallingford, Aug. 4th, 1771 75 


[Communicated by W. Allen, Esq., of Bridgewater, Mass.] 

To all Christian people to Whom these presents shall come, Josias 
alias Charles an Indian Sachim living at a place called Mattakeset in the 
colony of New Plimouth (and son of Josias alias Chicatabuck) Sendeth 
Greeting &c. Know ye that whereas it doth appear by a writing vnder 
the hand of the said Josias alias Chickatabuk dated the ninth of June in 
the year, one thousand six hundred sixty and four, that the said Josias 
alias Chickatabuk did then and there by promise & engage to give and 
confirme Certain Lands at Titticut Vnto two Indians one now Called peter 
(by the English) and the other (when Living) Thomas Hunter and to the 
rest of the Indians living upon Titticut River. Therefore the said Josias 
the son of Josias alias Chickatabuk above said (the said Josias alias Chick- 
atabuk being deceased, his son the above said Josias) doth by these pres- 
ents (and in pursuance of his said fathers promise) Give, Grant, Con- 
firme & deliver vnto David Hunter the Eldest son of the above said 
Thomas Hunter, deceased ; (which said David Hunter being an Inhabitant 
of said Titticut an Indian plantation between Taunton and Bridgewater 
and Middlebery in said Colony) all the Lands of all forts that are and ly 
on the southwestwardly side of a direct line from the fort (that is now 
standing on the hill above said Titticut Ware & on the southeastwardly 
side of the River) vnto the place where Middleberry line (that is the line 
between Middleberry land & Titticut land) doth cross the path that Lead- 
eth from the said fort at said Titticut to said Middleberry Mill : that is to 
say all the Lands called Titticut Lands on the southwestwestwardly side 
of said line from said fort to Middleberry line afforesaid, and on the 

174 Indian Deed of Lands in Middleborough, [April, 

southeastward! y side of Titticut River, and as far downe the said river 
vnto a little brook called trout-brook and vp the said brook to Taunton 
line between Taunton and Middleberry, and thence to a bound mark being 
a White oak tree by the Country Rhode at baiting brook, and from thence 
on the line that Runs betwoen Middleberry lands and Titticut Lands to 
the foresaid place where the said line doth cross the afforesaid path from 
said Titticut fort to said Middleberry Mill ; all the lands of all sorts within 
the said bounds Limmits, with all and singular the Rights, priviledges, 
Immunities and appurtenances within or vpon the same, or any manner 
of way there vnto belonging or appertaining: And more over the said 
Josias the son of Josias alias Chickatabuk, doth by these presents Cove- 
nant & Grant to & With the said David Hunter ; that it shall be free & 
Lawfull for ever here after to and for the said David Hunter, and his In- 
dian heirs assignes, from time to time and at all times for ever to have, 
hold, occupy and enjoy, to him & their vses the said lands and premises 
and every part and parcell thereof free and clear, Without any trouble, 
Mollestation, Charge, Suits at Law or any Incumbrance that shall or may 
arise from, by or vnder him the said Josias the son of Josias alias Chicka- 
tabuk, or his heirs executors or administrators or any manner of way by 
any of their procurement forever, and whereas it's the desire and designe 
of the said Josias alias Charles the son of Josias alias Chickatabuk that 
the said David Hunter may be able and capable, to accomodate and sup- 
ply With Land such Indians as shall desire to live at Titticut and want 
land to plant, Therefore the said Josias the son of Josias alias Chickata- 
buk doth by these presents fully and absolutely forbid and prohibit the 
said David Hunter his heirs or assignes or either or any of them ; from 
Giving, selling or any manner of way making over or conveying the said 
lands or any part or parcell thereof vnto the English for ever ; Therefore 
if the said David Hunter or any heire or assigne of his shall at any time 
hereafter attempt to Give, sell or any way make over any part or parcell 
of the said lands vnto any other people but Indians he or they that shall 
so do shall by vertue of this prohibition forfeit and loose all his and their 
Interest in the said lands ; And by Vertue of this deed the said lands so 
lost or forfeited, shall fall to & belong to the rest of the then Titticut In- 
dians, and their Indian heirs and assignes for ever. In Witness Whereof 
the said Josias, the son of Josias alias Chickatabuk hath here vnto set his 
hand & affixed his seal, the Eighth day of September in the year of our 
lord one thousand six hundred eighty and six 1686. 

The marke of 
Signed Sealed and Delivered Josias ^. 

In the presence of 

Benjamin Leonard 
The marke £ of 

John Cob Junior 

Thomas Leonard 

In Taunton in Bristoll County may the 8 th 1694 the said Benjamin 
Leonard & said John Cob took oath they saw the above said Josias Syne 
Seal and Deliver the above written Deed as his act and deed vnto the 
said David Hunter the day of date thereof. Sworn before 

Thomas Leonard 
Note. — The Thomas Hunter, " deceased," is probably the efficient 
"Capt. Hunter" who accompanied Capt. Church in many of his expedi- 
tions. See Church's Indian Wars, 49 ; Book of the Indians, 272. 

1861.] Extracts from Old Records. 175 


In my genealogical researches I have been, at various times, requested by different 
persons to save items that I might find concerning certain families. I enclose some to 
you that I know will be of interest, as I have no remembrance of the persons who 
asked me to collect them. The items are mostly from the York County (Me.) records, 
at Alfred, Me. J. W. 


Nicholas Tucker, cooper, of Kittery, Me., 21st January, 1716-17, 
wills property to his sons William and Joseph, to daughter Margaret, and 
to grandson William Wentworth five shillings in full of his mother's por- 
tion. Wife, Jane. Proved 2d April, 1716-17. 

[Does not the following, from the York Co., Me., records, refer to the 
mother of the above William Wentworth ? 

"Joseph Gunnison, tried at Kittery court for killing Grace, the wife of 
William W r entworth, on 27th day of Sept. 1707. lie was acquitted. 

In 1724, Joseph Gunnison was parish clerk of the town of Kittery. 

In 1719, Richard Tucker of Boston administers on the estate of his 
grandfather Hugh Gunnison.] 

Nicholas Tucker lived at Spruce Creek, Kittery, Me., 26th Jan. 1698-9. 
He was chosen culler of fish 1707 and 1710, and of fish and staves 
1714; and on jury 1701 and 1708. In 1686 he bought land of Francis 
Champernoon and Mary his wife of Kittery. In 1712 the yearly income 
of Nicholas Tucker was .£400. 

In 1788, William Tucker deeds to Joseph Tucker land that formerly 
belonged to father Nicholas Tucker. 

In 1715, 14th July, William and Elsy Tucker had daughter Sarah born. 

In 1731, 11th April, Margaret Tucker was single at Kittery. 

In 1792, Joseph was alive, and had wife Mary. 

In 1806, 2d December, Mary was widow of Joseph. 

In 1717, 25th November, Hugh Tucker m. Dorcas Heard. 

In 1762, Dorcas Tucker, widow, of Kittery, deeds to Jane Tucker, 
widow, land given her by her father John Heard, and near her sister 

In 1750, Hugh Tucker married Jane Hubbard. 

In 1751, John Heard of Kittery gives property to his daughter Dorcas 

In 1759, Hugh Tucker's estate was administered upon by Jane Tucker, 
his wife, who had one child after his death and two previously. 

In 1753, John Tucker married Abitha Hodgdon, both of Kittery. 

In 1791, Andrew Tucker was of Mt. Desert, Me., and deeds to brother 
Joseph Tucker of York Co. 

In 1794, Betsey, widow of John Tucker, deceased, sells his premises 
to John Key, Jr., of Berwick, Me. 

In 1665, William was of Isle of Shoals. 

In 1665, Grace was wife of William. 

In 1660, John of York Co. 

In 1670, Lewis of do. 

In 1640, Richard on jury. 

Oct. 10th, 1666, William was dead. 

In 1734 and 1738, William had Alice for wife. 

May 23d, 1643, Richard Tucker was of Casco, Province of Lyconia. 

In 1675 and 1678, Henry Tucker was of York Co. 

176 Extracts from Old Records. [April, 

In Salem, Mass., 11th July, 1676, John Tucker m. Mary Richardson. 
In 1707-8, Hugh and Brigett Tucker witnessed the signing of a deed. 
Sept. 30, 1659, John Tucker was of York Co. 
May 23d, 1661, Richard Tucker had wife Margaret. 
In i709, Hugh Tucker had wife Bridget. 
In 1697, Hugh was of Co. York. 


John Key, Sr., of Kittery, 13th April, 1710, gave all his estate to son 
John Key, Jr., with legacies to daughters as follows : — Elizabeth Abbott, 
£3; Sarah Key, maintenance until marriage; Abigail Key, £2 10s.; 
Mary Wentworth, £2 10s. [whose wife?] ; Hannah. Haines, £2 10s. [she 
married John Haines, 7th July, 1708.] Will proved 30th Oct. 1718. Wit- 
nesses, James and Marry Warren. Appraisers, Joseph Pray, John 
Smith, Timothy Wentworth. 

[In 1714, Mary Wentworth was plaintiff in suit vs. Elizabeth Smith.] 

Dec. 11, 1662, John Key had grant of land in Kittery. Also in 1671. 

In 1699, John, Jr., was at Kittery, and had grant in 1703. 

In 1712, John Key was juror at York Co. court. 

Sept. 20th, 1705, John, Sr., gives to John, Jr. 

In 1667, John Key was of Norwegewannock, (that part of Kittery that 
is now South Berwick.) 

There were John Key and John Key, Jr., of Cochecho, captives in 
Canada, ransomed in 1695. 

From 1695 to 1714, Samuel Keais was town clerk of Portsmouth, N.H. 

In 1699, Mary Keiss belonged to church in Portsmouth, N. H. 

In 1702, John Key, Jr., on jury for York Co. 

In 1704, John Key on jury. 

In 1714, John Key was one of selectmen of Berwick. 

In 1721, John Key and wife Gazzell (Grant) were in York Co. ; they 
had children, and the oldest recorded was James, born 18th Nov. 1697. 

In 1731, Sarah Key of Kittery gave her property to Jonathan Nason, 
son by her former husband, Jonathan Nason, Sr. 

In 1748, the wife of William Key was Mary, daughter of Thomas 

In 1746, John Key was dead and left sons John, Peter and William, all 
of Berwick. 

In 1771, William had son John, Jr. ; and William and John deed to 
John, Jr. 

In 1767, Peter Keay, brother of William, deeds to John, Jr. 


In 1708, John Barnard of Watertown, Mass., and James Barnard of 

On 16th January, 1662, James Barnard of Watertown, Mass., bought 
land in Wells, Me. 

On 24th August, 1687, Benjamin Barnard and Sarah his wife of Dover, 
N. H., deed to Joseph Barnard of Berwick, Me. 

[Paul Wentworth of Rowley, Mass., is made guardian of Sarah Bar- 
nard in 15th year, and Benjamin Barnard in 13th year, of Watertown, 
19th Dec. 1705. Bond's History of Watertown calls Paul Wentworth 
their uncle. Benjamin Barnard, Sr., died 12th Sept. 1694, and his widow 
m. 12th Jan. 1698-9, Samuel Winch of Framingham, Mass. He d. 3d of 
Aug. 1718, at Framingham, and had by her Mary, b. 23d Nov. 1700, who 
m. Benoni Adams ; and Daniel, b. 28th June, 1702.] 

(To be Continued. J 

1861.] Letter of John Cogswell. 177 


The following copy of a letter of John Cogswell, Jr., to his father, John Cogswell of 
Ipswich, written while the former was in England, was furnished in the year 1857, by 
Joshua Coffin, Esq., the historian of Newbury, to J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., who has 
permitted us to print it in the Register. 

M t , • p ,, « »i " London this 30 th of March 1653 

Most loving father & mother 

I having an opportunity could not but write to you to certify to you 

that I am thro 1 God's goodness to me safe arrived, & have had my health 

well & my friends are in general well. My sister hath two children. I 

am as yet unmarried & little hopes I have to marry here, but I intend to 

make haste over to New England with some servants as fast as I can. 

My condition at present is very low, & I am in great straits. The Lord 

in mercy help me. Mr Deane haih dealt kindly with me, hath taken 

bond for .£84 here & £100 in Boston, I pray father, will you be assistant 

to my brother William &, both to my brother Armitage in the payment of 

this £100 for I have written to my brother Armitage to pay it for me 

because he lives in Boston. I have not as yet agreed with my cousin 

Stevens, nor Mr. Good. I owe them about £53 besides interest. I pray, 

father, mother & brother W m be careful of the little corne, cattle, goods 

& my house & land that it be not forfeited, for I am in a very low & sad 

condition here & have nothing to pay my debts withal, nor to maintain 

my poor motherless children withal but what is in your hands. I pray 

you have a fatherly & motherly care of my dear motherless babes & at 

present fatherless. I have been with my brother Waldo's friend, his 

mother lives in Berwick, his unkle John is dead, his brother Thomas is 

in Ireland, & his unkle Barrow is dead, the rest are in health. I pray be 

earnest with my sister Waldo to be loving & tender to my three babes, 

for she knows not how soon hers may be left to the wide world. I would 

have John & Edward goe to school this summer. This on my knees 

craving your prayers to God for me in this my undertaking that 1 may be 

brought safe to you again, remembering my duty to you both, my love to 

my three children, also my brothers & sisters & cousins with my service 

to Mr. Rogers, my love to goodman Lord, & my respects to all my 

friends, humbly craving all your prayers, 1 commit you all to God. I rest 

your obedient son, very loving father & mother & friends, & servant. 

This little I wrote John Cogswell" 

in great haste 

[The above John Cogswell died abroad, aged 30 years. Mr. Good, 
mentioned above, 1 suppose should be Goodhue, and Waldo is Cornelius 

John Cogswell, senior, came to New England in 1635, and was ship- 
wrecked on Pemaquid, 15 Aug. 1635. His children were three sons 
and some daughters, viz.: — 

1. John, b. 1623, m. and had three children : John, b. 1650 ; Samuel, 

b. 1651, and Elizabeth, b. in 1648. Elizabeth m. Wellman. 

Jno. Cogswell, Jr., made his will 13 Dec. 1652, making his brother Wil- 
liam and brother Armitage, Executors. Jno., Jr., died at sea. Will 
proved, 27 Sept. 1653. 

2. William. 3. Edward, b. 1629. 4. Mary, b. 1619, m. [Godfrey?] 
Armitage. 5. Abigail, m. Thomas Clark. 6. Sarah, m. Symon Tuttle. 

Thomas Clark was 34 in 1676. Symon Tuttle was 44 in 1676. 

178 Letter of Dyar Throop. [April, 

The ship, which was wrecked 15 Aug. 1635, was the Angel Gabriel. 
William Thompson, b. in 1649, son of Dr. Samuel Thompson, was a 
nephew of Mr. John Cogswell, senior. Samuel Haines lived nine years 
in England, with John Cogswell, senior, and came to New England with 
him to Peraaquid. William Furber, b. in 1614, came to New England 
with John Cogswell, senior. — j. c] 


Dear Phebe " Cam P -* n R° x ^ ur y March 15th 1776 

J take this Opportunity by Mr Higgins to let you know that J am in 
health ; tho much worried, the duty being very hard ever since we took 
the highths in Dochester. We are Obliged to be on Duty every 2 or 3 
Nights. J have had an Offer of going into the continental Service on the 
Establishment but have not determined to accept, as the Service is disa- 
greeable to me — have this hour received , Orders to move my lodgings 
tomorrow morning (for which J am very sorry) as those that we have 
now are very comfortable ; but in an Army nothing is stable, we know 
not one hour where our lodgings are to be the next.; — the Enemies fleet 
has all the appearance of a departure and it is thought the Army are 
really agoing, but I have my fears that it is only a faint of theirs ; and if 
it is, J Suspect they may give us a trimming Yet.; for the General is 
Ordering of the Troops fast for New York ; What will be the event J 
know not — Whether it will be best for my horse to be sent by the first 
of April or not J am not yet determined for J know not but that we shall 
be desired to Stay longer ; but J rather think J shall want him about that 
time — a line from You my Dear, would be very acceptable not having 
had one Since J came from home 

J Am Your loving Husband Dyar Throop" 

Superscribed : " To | Maj r Dyar Throop | Jn Easthaddam | Connecticut" 

< — ♦ » 

Davenport. — Over the grave of Daniel Davenport, in Dorchester 
burial ground, (see page 183) is this inscription, written by the late Rev. 
Dr. Harris: — 

"This grave was dug and finished | in the year 1833 | by | Daniel 
Davenport | when he had been Sexton | in Dorchester, | twenty seven 
years, | had attended 1135 funerals | and dug 734 graves. 

Seven hundred «graves and thirty four 

As Sexton with my spade I learned 
To delve beneath the sod, 

Where body to the eaiih returned 
But spirit to its God. 

Years twenty seven this toil I bore, 
And midst deaths oft was spared 

I dug, then mine prepared. 

And when at last I too must die 
Some else the Bell will toll ; 

As here my mortal relics lie, 
May Heaven receive my soul." 

Mr. Davenport commenced his services as Sexton, April 1st, 1799, but 
did not act as an undertaker till some years afterwards. It is a singular 
coincidence that Mr. D. should have prepared his own grave, after he had 
officiated as an undertaker 27 years, and 27 years, also, before his death. 

In the same old burying ground at Dorchester, may be seen the follow- 
ing inscription on the gravestone of one of Mr. Davenport's predecessors : 

In memory of | Mr Thomas Clap | who died 11 Aug. 1798 | Aged 85 
years. | He buryed from the year | 1762 to the year 1797 | 1080 Persons. 


Book Notices. 179 


Salem Witchcraft: comprising More Wonders of the Invisible World, 
collected by Robert Calef ; and Wonders of the Invisible World, by 
Cotton Mather ; together with Notes and Explanations, by Samuel 
P. Fowler. Salem; Mass. : 1861. 12mo. pp.450. 

An edition of the "Salem Witchcraft" was very much needed, but an edition of the 
" Wonders a/the Invisible World," to which it is an answer, was much more needed. It 
is instructive as well as curious to observe how things change, and what wonders time 
brings about. In the year 1700, not a bookseller could be found in Boston bold enough 
to publish Mr. Calef s work, had there been no prohibition of its issue; for public 
sentiment would have frowned down and ruined the business of such a publisher. 
While, on the other hand, Dr. Mather's book was received, read, and tolerated by a 
great majority of the community. Such was the prejudice against Mr. Calef 's work, 
that it was burnt by authority, in the college yard at Cambridge, and few people had 
the hardihood to keep copies of it in their private libraries. Hence, when the com- 
munity began to view the matter with less prejudiced eyes, and desired to know what 
conld be said in favor of those who had dared to question the proceedings against 
witches, Mr. Calef's was the only book to be relied upon for a calm discussion of the 
subject. But it was exceedingly difficult to find a copy of it in the country ; and it 
was more than a hundred years before any bookseller dared to reissue the work in New 
England. In the meantime Dr. Mather's work sank into oblivion — not by force of 
law, but by force of public opinion ; and there has been no edition of it from the time 
of erratic John Dunton until this before us. 

We have, in the " History and Antiquities of Boston," given some account of Mr. 
Calef, the pedigree of his family, &c, and will refer the reader to that work for infor- 
mation, gathered with considerable labor, respecting "one Robert Calef," as he was 
spitefully called in his day, by those whose prejudices he had honestly and truthfully 

For many years we had intended to issue an edition of Mr. Calef 's work, with such 
notes, &c, as we had been able to collect from numerous sources ; but when the present 
edition was announced we laid our materials aside, and gave up the project. 

The edition now issued is splendidly printed with antique type and on excellent 
paper. It is enriched, also, with notes and an appendix by that accurate and careful 
antiquary, Samuel P. Fowler, Esq. And we wish this gentleman could have taken 
the publication of the work entirely into his own hand ; for, if he had, we doubt not 
several blemishes now apparent would have been avoided. To these we will briefly 
advert. The first and greatest is, as appears to us, the omission of nearly one half of 
Mr. Mather's " Wonders," &c. We have no intimation of this in the preface, or any- 
where in the work, that we can discover. Perhaps the extracts made by Mr. Calef 
from the " Wonders," to illustrate the " More Wonders," may include what is omitted ; 
but if so, nothing can be more awkward than such a plan of republication. It would 
have been far better to have included in the " More Wonders" all which Mr. Calef left 
out originally — distinguishing the additional parts in someway. Then the "More 
Wonders " could have been read connectedly, with comparatively little perplexity, 
compared with what must now be experienced in an attempt to read that work. 

We have a decided objection to the form of the present edition. The small quarto 
would have been much better. An account of Robert Calef with the work is very 
desirable. Indeed, every one expects it. We have nothing in this edition. The title 
of the work, in the title-page, is in an uncouth letter, but that on the back is still more 
so — both are in shocking bad taste. It is to be hoped that there will yet be editions 
of Calef and Mather — each by itself, and in proper form, and edited in a manner equal 
to their susceptibility and the present state of knowledge upon the subject. 

Contributions to the Ecclesiastical History of Connecticut ; prepared 
under the direction of the General Association, to commemorate the 
completion of One Hundred and Fifty Years since its first Annual 
Assembly. New Haven : Published by William L. Kingsley. 1861. 
8vo. pp. 562. 

The " General Association of Connecticut " is under a lasting obligation to Mr. 
Kingsley for the faithful manner in which he has prepared its acts and history. Of the 

180 Book Notices. [April, 

varied contents of the work, nothing from us could convey so good an idea as is 
contained in Mr. Kingsley's circular, announcing the publication of it, which is here 
extracted : — 

" It contains an account of all the proceedings at the celebration at Norwich, June, 
1859. The historical address, delivered at that time, by Rev. Leonard Bacon, D. D. — 
twelve addresses, respecting the fundamental principles of Congregationalism, and the 
progress and prospects of the denomination, by Prof. E. A. Lawrence, D. D., East 
Windsor Theological Seminarv; President T. D. Woolsey, Yale College; Rev. Joel 
Hawes, D. D., Hartford; Rev.'T. M. Post, D. D., St. Louis, Mo.; Rev. Prof. E. P. 
Barrows, Theological Seminary, Andover, Mass. ; Rev. John Waddington, D. D., Lon- 
don, Eng. ; Rev. President A. L. Chapin, Beloit College, Wisconsin ; Rev. S. W. S. 
Dutton, D. D., New Haven ; Rev. Joseph Eldridge, D. D., Norfolk ; Rev. Samuel 
Wolcott, D. D., Chicago, 111.; Rev. Joseph P. Thompson, D. D., New York City; 
Rev. W. I. Budington, D. D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Also twenty-five "Historical Papers," prepared by Rev. Myron N. Morris, West 
Hartford ; Rev. Noah Porter, D. D., Farmington ; Rev. Horace Hooker, Hartford ; 
Rev. Charles Hyde, Ellington ; Rev. Joel Hawes, D.D., Hartford; Rev. John Marsh, 
D. D., New York City; Rev. George P. Prudden, Watertown ; Rev. Hiram P. Arms, 
Norwich Town; Rev. G. A. Calhoun, D. D., North Coventry; David N. Camp, Esq., 
Rev. R. C. Learned, Berlin ; Rev. Henry Jones, Bridgeport; Rev. Abel McEwen, D. D., 
New London, and others. 

In addition, there are lists of all the pastors who went from Connecticut on " mis- 
sionary tours," previous to 1798; of missionaries that went to the new settlements and 
the west ; of those who have gone on foreign missions from Connecticut. 

There is also a history of each of the fifteen district associations in the State, with 
lists of all their licentiates. 

Also a history of each one of the Congregational churches in the State (284 in num- 
ber), with the names of their pastors, the dates of their ordination, of their dismission 
and death ; also a history of the Congregational churches in the State (21 in number), 
which have become extinct." 

The Richards Family. By Rev. Abner Morse, A. M. 

Mr. Morse has given us an extended genealogy of the Richards family, under the 
general head of "A Genealogical Register of the Descendants of several Ancient 
Puritans. Volume III. Boston: 1861." 8vo. pp.243. 

We have so often referred to the labors of Mr. Morse, that his name and works are 
as familiar to our readers as household words. At all events they should be ; and not 
only to our readers, but to all Americans allied by blood to New England people. 

The pages of the work in hand are large and closely printed, giving to the purchaser 
much more for his money than he would get in ordinary works of twice the size. In 
such a vast amount of names and dates, it would be extraordinary indeed if mistakes 
have not crept in ; but with the known diligence of the author, and the excellence of 
the printers at Messrs. Dutton & Son's, we have no hesitation in assuring our readers 
of the almost extreme accuracy of the work. 

Mechanics' 1 Festival: An Account of the Seventy-first Anniversary of the 
Providence Association of Mechanics and Manufacturers, held in 
Howard Hall, on Monday Evening, Feb. 27, 1860 ; together with a 
Sketch oj the Early History of the Association, embracing its early 
proceedings in relation to Manufactures, its action in reference to 
Public Schools, Savings Institution, Temperance, and Reform School, 
and brief Notices of Deceased Members. Prepared by Edwin M. 
Stone. Providence: 1860. 8vo. pp. 119. 

From a glance at the title-page of this work, it is evident that such a number of 
topics must tax the writer with a great amount of labor. That such is a labor of love 
to Mr. Stone, every one will readily perceive, if they have not hitherto been acquainted 
with what he has done. That the facts, biographies, &c, should have cost him more 
than a year's labor to collect and verify them, we have no doubt ; and the wonder is, 
how the author has contrived to condense his materials into one hundred and nineteen 
pages, when, without the necessary condensing skill, they must have expanded to four 
or five hundred. 

This work of Mr. Stone is not confined merely to an association ; it has much of a 
general interest, and will take a high place among the local literature of this day. It 
is embellished with an engraving giving a splendid view of the city of Providence. 


Queries. 181 

Collections of the Historical Society of Minnesota. Philadelphia: 1860. 
8vo. pp. 88. 

We are indebted to Mr. William H. Kelley for a copy of the " Collections of the 
Historical Society of Minnesota." This we presume is the first volume of their Col- 
lections, and it is a very creditable one. It is principally occupied with a " Voyage 
in a six-oared Skiff to the Falls of Saint Anthony in 1817. By Major Stephen II. 
Long, Topographical Engineer United States Army. With Introductory Note, by 
Edward I). Neill, Secretary of the Society." 

Of the journal of Major Long, it is only necessary to say the journalist is the same 
Major Long who made the expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the two following 
years, viz., in 1819 and 1820, — the account of which expedition was very popular here 
and in England. 

The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the 
Year 1861. Boston : Crosby, Nichols, Lee & Co. 1861. 12mo. 
pp. 419. 

The American Almanac has long since become as indispensable to all the civilized 
world, as the Farmer's Almanac, by Robert B. Thomas, is to the people of Massa- 
chusetts. Hence it is only necessary to remark, on its appearance from year to year, 
that with age it increases in usefulness. Its present publishers bring it out in the very 
best style, as they do all the publications of which they have the management. 


What was the descent of Joseph Adams, of Concord, who married Mary Jones at 
C, Sept. 26, 1696? And what was the maiden name of Dorothy Adams, who died at 
Concord, July 25, 1791, aged 85. Her husband was Joseph, probably son of the above 

Whom did William Badcock, of Milton, marry? He was born about 1684, and died 
Oct. 15, 1732. Her Christian name was Elizabeth. 

What was the descent of Elizabeth Dennis, who married Francis Sayer, or Sawyer, 
at Ipswich, in 1 705 ? 

Who was the father of Matthias Puffer, of Dorchester, who calls himself quite old 
in his will, April 23, 1714? 

Whom did William Sayer, or Sawyer, marry? He was born at Newbury, Feb. 1, 
1656, and was an early settler of Welis, Me., where he died. Her Christian name was 

An answer to any of these queries will be very acceptable to 

Wm. S. Appleton, Boston. 

All persons bearing the name of Chase, or in any way possessed of records relating 
to that family, are requested to communicate with 

Frederic Chase, Hanover, N. H. 

Hatch. — Deane, in his History of Scituate, p. 280, says : — " There was a Samuel 
Hatch, a volunteer soldier in the Pequod war, 1637." Was this Samuel related to 
Elder William Hatch or to Thomas Hatch, both early settlers in Scituate? 

Dr. E. B. O'Callaghan. — This learned and eminent historical student proposes 
to publish " A List of Editions of the Holy Scriptures and parts thereof, printed in 
America previous to 1860: with an Introduction and Bibliographical Notes." Of 
course the rare editions in the Indian language will receive due notice. It is to be 
issued in royal octavo, uncut ; to contain about 400 pages, exclusive of the introduction 
and a copious index. As he proposes to print but one hundred and fifty copies, the 
price is put at ten dollars. 

Hall. — Stephen Hall m. Elizabeth Willis, Oct. 18, 1697, in Woburn, Mass. See 
Register, p. 59. 


Marriages and Deaths. 




Bradlee=Salmon. — In Boston, Dec. 25, 
S. Joseph Bradlee, to Miss Lizzie L. 
Salmon, by Rev. Samuel Barrett, D. D., 
assisted by Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee. 

Bright. — At Waltham, February 28, 
William E. Bright, of Boston, to Eliz- 
abeth G., daughter of J. B. Bright, of 
Waltham, by Rev. James C. Parsons. 

Drake. — At Boston, Jan. 17, Samuel G. 
Drake, to Miss Sarah Jane Drake, both 
of Boston, by the Rev. Edward N. 

Hardy = Trask. — At Boston, Feb. 8, 
John Hardy, to Miss Charlotte Trask, 
both of Boston, by Rev. Phineas Stowe. 

Trask= Griffin. — At Dan vers, Jan. 24, 
Alfred M. Trask, to Miss Mary K. 
Griffin, by Rev. James Fletcher. 


Adams, Nathaniel, Milton, Jan. 4, a. 7G ; 
formerly of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Bean, Col. Benjamin, Conway, N. H., 
Aug. 24, a. 65 yrs. and 3 mos.; son of 
Ebenezer, b. 5 Sept. 1755, who m. 
Catherine, dau. of Joseph and Abigail 
Kilgore, of Lovell, Me., 1 787 ; and grand- 
son of Capt. Benjamin Bean of Epping, 
N. H., who m. Mary Baker, of Dover, 
N. H., about 1753. She was born at 
Brookfield, Ms., 16 Feb. 1725-6, and d. at 
Conway, N. H., 6 Feb. 1826, aged 100 
years, lacking 10 days. She was dau. of 
Capt. Thomas Baker, who m. Christine 
Otis, dau. of Richard Otis, who was 
massacred in his garrison at Dover, 
N. IL, 27 June, 1688-9. She was b. in 
March of this year, and carried captive to 
Canada. — See April No. of the Register, 
for 1851. j. w. 

Billings, Rebecca, Canton, Jan. 3, a. 93 
vrs. 9 mos. 28 days ; widow of Stephen 
Billings. Her living descendants are 
four children, twenty grandchildren, for- 
ty-four great-grandchildren, and five gr.- 
gr. -grandchildren. 

Brooks, Charles, Boston, Jan. 19, a. 65. 
He was the son of Colton Brown and 
Jane (Williams) Brooks, and was b. in 
Haverhill, Ms., Sept. 3, 1795 ; a descend- 
ant in the 7th generation from Thomas 
Brooks of Watcrtown and Concord. 1636, 
grandson of Rev. Edward Brooks, ol 
North Yarmouth, Me., and Medford, 
Mass. — See Bond's Watertown, p. 726. 

Mr. Brooks removed to Portland early 
in life, and subsequently to Boston, in 
1818, where he commenced the Hard* 
ware business, in Dock Square, lie 

remained on the same spot until his re- 
tirement in 1860 ; a period of 42 years. 
He was a member of the Common Coun- 
cil of Boston, in 1837, '38, '39, and '40 ; 
a Director of the Granite Bank for 18 
years. He m. Aug. 29, 1824, Nancy 
Dicks, of Portland, Me. They had five 
children, two sons and three daughters, 
all of whom, with their mother, sur- 
vive. B. 

Brooks, Capt. John, East Bridgeport, Ct., 
Jan. 17, a. 97 ; a Revolutionary pen- 

Burgess, Mary, Boston, Dec. 29, a. 78 ; 
wife of Benjamin Burgess. She was a 
daughter of Clark Swift of Sandwich ; 
was born Sept. 3, 1782, and m. her now 
aged and bereaved partner, June 3, 1804. 
In 1811, they united themselves with 
the church in Sandwich, then under the 
pastorate of the late Jonathan Burr, and 
remained in the same communion there, 
and in the Old South Church, since their 
removal to Boston, in 1835, till the time 
of her decease. 

Clap, Isaac, Dorchester, Jan. 28, a. 76. 
He was b. in Dorchester, Dec. 27, 1784 ; 
was son of Samuel, 6 b. Julv 13, 1754, d. 
Jan. 22, 1823. Samuel, 6 m. 1st, Eliza- 
beth Foster, June 14, 1770 ; 2d, Hannah, 
dau. of Dea. Edward Pierce, Dec. 13, 
1811. The father of Samuel 6 was Na- 
thaniel, 5 b. Jan. 22, 1712-13, who m. 
Sarah Howe, Jan. 1, 1740. He died 
March 8, 1750-1. He was son of Ebe- 
nezer, 4 b. Oct. 25, 1678, who m. Hannah, 
dau. of Elder Samuel Clap, and gr.-dau. 
of Capt. Roger Clap. She was b. in 
1681, and d. Aug. 9, 1747. Ebenezer, 4 
m. for his 2d wife, Hannah Eddy, of 
Boston, Nov. 13, 1749. He d. May 20, 
1750. The father of Ebenezer 4 was Na- 
thaniel, 3 b. Sept 15, 1640, d. May 16, 
1707. Nathaniel 3 m. Elizabeth Smith, 
March 31, 1668. He was son of Nicho- 
las 2 and Sarah Clap. She was a sister of 
Capt. Roger Clap. The second wife of 
Nicholas, 2 was Abigail, wid. of Robert 
Sharp. Nicholas 2 d. suddenly, in his 
barn, Nov. 24, 1679. He was the fourth 
son of Richard 1 Clap, of England. 

The subject of this notice m. Eliza 
Cook, who died Oct. 31, 1854, a. 70. 
They had no children of their own, but 
an adopted daughter survives. " But 
few men will be more missed in the 
marts of trade, in State Street, or in the 
affection of the old merchants of Boston, 
than Mr. Clapp. For about fifty years 
he has been in their midst, excepting 
when absent in Europe on their business 
during the last war with Great Britain." 
" He was an oracle on currency and 


Marriages and Deaths. 


banking," and in character was a Chris- 
tian gentleman. 

Clapp, Thaddeus, Southampton, Jan. 19, 
a. 87. 

Ckoly, Rev. George, D. D., London, Eng., 
Nov. 24, a. 80, the celebrated author and 
preacher. He was a native of Dublin. 

Currier, David, Amesbury, Jan. 12, a. 90 
yrs. 9 mos. 

Curry, Robert, Cincinnati, Dec. 21, a. 
102. At 19 years of age he entered 
the army of the Colonists, and with 
Washington served in the war of the 

Davenport, Daniel, Dorchester, Dec. 24, 
a. 87 yrs. 6 mos. He was a gr.-gr.- 
grandson of Thomas 1 and Mary Daven- 
port, who were among the early settlers 
of Dorchester. Thomas 1 joined the 
church there, in 1640, was made freeman 
May 18, 1642, d. Nov. 19, 1685. She d. 
Oct. 4, 1691. They had 5 sons and 3 
daus. Their 7th child/ Ebenezer, 2 b. 
April 26, 1661, (d. July 19, 1738,) m. in 
1651, Dorcas Andrews, dau. of James 
Andrews. She d. Nov. 24, 1723, a. 60. 
Ebenezer, 3 the youngest child of Ebene- 
zer 2 and Dorcas, b. Oct. 23, 1706, m. 
Submit Howe, April 23, 1729. She was 
born in April, 1707, died Jan. 13, 1783. 
Ebenezer, 3 d. March 17, 1785. Their 
eldest child, Isaac, 4 b. May 24, 1730, m. 
Mary Prav, of Braintree. She was b. in 
1750. He d. March 29, 1799. Isaac 4 
and Mary (Pray) Davenport had ten 
sons and five daughters. Their 14th 
child, and youngest son, Daniel, 5 was 
the subject of this notice. He was b in 
Dorchester, June 5, 1773, m. Sally 
Spurr, March 24, 1796. They had seven 
sons and five daughters. Six sons and 
five daughters survive. The mother d. 
13 March, 1840, a. 61. 

Mr. Davenport, at the time of his 
decease, was the eldest male inhabitant 
of his native town. He officiated as 
sexton and funeral undertaker in the 
First Parish in Dorchester for nearly halj 
a century, when, by reason of infirmi- 
ties, he gave way to his successor — his 
voungest son. A feeling akin to that 
of " Old Mortality," led Mr. Davenport 
to attempt the rescue of the decaying 
monumental inscriptions at Dorchester, 
by the publication, in 1826, of " The 
Sexton's Monitor, and Dorchester Cem- 
etery Memorial," a pamphlet of 38 pages. 
A third edition of the work, in 36 pages, 
was printed in 1845. Twenty-seven years 
prior to his death, he prepared his own 
grave, in the Old Burial Ground in Dor- 
chester, over which he placed a stone, 
bearing an inscription, written by his 
former pastor, Rev. Thaddeus Mason 
Harris, D. D., (see p. 178.) 

As a man, Mr. Davenport was honest, 
industrious, benevolent ; as a public ser- 

vant, he was faithful, judicious, thought- 
ful, courteous. He officiated at 1837 

His funeral was attended at the church 
of the First Parish in Dorchester, on 
Thursday afternoon, December 27, at 
2^ o'clock, where appropriate exercises 
were held, his pastor, Rev. Nathaniel 
Hall, officiating. 

Downing, Hannah, Fall River, Jan. 19, 
a. 90; wife of Major Seth Downing. 

Farnham, Ralph, Acton, Me., Dec. 26, 
a. 104 yrs. 5 mos. 19 days. He was b. 
in Lebanon, Me., July 7, 1756. His 
father was a farmer, and, up to the com- 
pletion of his 18th year, Ralph worked 
on the farm. The first symptoms of the 
Revolution having begun to appear, the 
young man enlisted in the Colonial ar- 
my, with some of his neighbors, and pro- 
ceeded to the headquarters of Gen. 
Washington, at Cambridge, which he 
reached the day before the battle of 
Bunker Hill. Soon after this, he went 
with the army to Long Island, where he 
took part in nearly every engagement, 
and through all the campaigns, up to 
1777. He entered Boston, with the 
forces under Gen. Putnam, after the 
evacuation of the city by Gage, and was 
with Washington's forces throughout 
their disastrous pursuit by the British in 
New Jersey. He served with the New 
Hampshire corps, under Stark and 
Gates, through the campaign against 
Burgoyne, being on guard when the 
flag of truce arrived from that British 
General, previous to the surrender of his 
forces. In 1780, Mr. Farnham being 
then in the 25th year of his age, took 
possession of 100 acres of land, in a 
township now known as Acton, Me., 
(incorporated in 1830,) on the borders of 
New Hampshire, where he built himself 
a log cabin in the depths of the forest, 
and became the Jirst settler in that region. 
Here he spent the residue of his days. 
After a few years of hermit life, he m. 
Mehitable Bean, by whom he had seven 
children, Benjamin, who d. in 1848, a. 
63 ; Anna, Mary, Johanna, John, Daniel, 
Ralph. Of these, Anna, Johanna, John, 
(who occupies the homestead,) and 
Ralph, of Fairfield, are living. Mrs. 
Mehitable Farnham d. in 1842, aged 77. 
On the 7th of July, 1860, Mr. Farnham's 
104th birth-day was celebrated at Milton 
Mills, N. II , about four miles from his 
residence, — 104 guns were fired, — a din- 
ner was given, and speeches made. In 
October, I860, in accordance with invi- 
tations from Gov. Banks, Mayor Lin- 
coln, and other prominent citizens, he 
visited Boston, where he remained sev- 
eral days. On the evening of October 
15, a concert was given at Tremont 
Temple, by Gil more 's band, for his ben- 


Marriages and Deaths. 


efit, on which occasion the veteran took 
a seat on the platform with the perform- 
ers. After his return from Boston, his 
health seemed rather improved than im- 
paired. About four weeks before his 
death, he was, for a few days, unwell. 
He afterwards rallied, and appeared as 
well as usual. On Tuesday, the day 
before his decease, he was taken ill. 
From this time he continued to decline, 
and at 7^ o'clock, on Wednesday morn- 
ing, Dec. 26th, he died ; passing quietly 
away — apparently without pain. The 
funeral took place on Friday, the 28th, 
at Milton Mills, where Mr. Farnham had 
worshipped ever since the organization 
of the Society. He had been a church 
member upwards of 80 years. Among 
other exercises, appropriate to the occa- 
sion, a discourse was given by Rev. 
Theodore Stevens, of Great Falls, for- 
merly Mr. Farnham's pastor. 
Francis, John Wakefield, M. D., LL.D., 
New York, Feb. 8, a. 71. He was son of 
Melchior Francis, a native of Nuremburg, 
Germany, who immigrated to this coun 
try soon after the peace of 1782. His 
mother was a Philadelphian of Swiss 
descent. He was born in New York 
city, Nov. 17, 1789. In his youth, like 
his great prototype, Dr. Franklin, to 
whom he bore a personal resemblance, he 
chose the calling of a printer, and was ap- 
prenticed in the office of George Long, of 
New York. Many interesting anecdotes 
are related of his meal-time hours being 
divided between his frugal repast and his 
Latin grammar. His ambition soon 
soared above type-setting. In 1807, he 
entered Columbia College, where he 
graduated in 1809. Immediately after 
leaving College, he began the study of 
Medicine with Dr. Hosack, of New 
York, and, in 181 1, he had the honor of 
receiving the first degree ever conferred 
by the New York College of Physicians 
and Surgeons. A few months after, he 
formed a partnership with Dr. Hosack. 
The connection lasted until 1820. Sub- 
sequently, he aided in organizing a new 
institution, under the name of Rutger's 
Medical College, of which he was chosen 
one of the Professors. 

Dr. Francis filled, worthily, important 
medical offices in the College where he 
was a student ; was a distinguished 
lecturer, Professor, &c, in other institu- 
tions and Colleges ; and, for the past 
thirty years, had an extensive practice in 
New York City. In 1847, he was elected 
the first President of the New York 
Academy of Medicine ; was one of the 
founders of the New York Historical 
Society ; a Corresponding Member of the 
New England Historic-Genealogical So- 
ciety ; an associate, or honorary member 
of many scientific and medical institu- 

tions in this country and in Europe. 
The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws 
was conferred upon him, in 1850, by 
Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. He 
married a daughter of the late Sheriff 
Benjamin Clark Cutler, of Jamaica 
Plain, Roxbury. He lost his eldest son, 
John W. Francis, in 1855. Two other 
sons, and his widow, survive him. 

For a brief biograghical notice of Dr. 
Francis, with a list of his publications, 
see " Allibone's Dictionary of Authors." 
Among his works was, " Old New York ; 
or Reminiscences of the Past Sixty 
Years." New York, 1857, 8vo; 2d ed., 
enlarged, 1858, 12mo. 
Goodridge, Susan, West Newbury, Feb. 

20, a. 92 ; wid. of Jeremiah Goodridge. 
Gore, Mrs. Catherine Grace, at Linwood, 
Linhurst, England, Jan. 29, a. 62 ; wid. of 
Capt. Charles Arthur Gore, of the First 
Life Guards. She was the gr.-dau. of 
Gen. George Brinley, who was at one 
time a merchant of Boston, afterwards 
lived in Portsmouth, N. H., and was 
proscribed as a royalist in 1778. He 
held the office of Deputy Commissary 
General, and lived at London, in 1783. 
In 1799, he was appointed Commissary 
General of his Majesty's Forces in British 
America, and died at Halifax in 1810. 
Among the children of Gen. Brinley was 
Mary, who was married at the house of 
Hon. Paul Wentworth of London (one 
of the benefactors of Dartmouth Col- 
lege) to a Mr. Moody, a wine merchant 
of London. It is believed that Mrs. 
Gore was their only child. 

Gen. Geo. Brinley m. Mary, dau. of 
Samuel Wentworth of Boston, and sister 
of Lady Wentworth, wife of the last 
Gov. John, who d. at the residence of 
the widow of Gen. Brinley. 

Mrs. Gore was with Lady Wentworth 
when she d. in England, and was one of 
the principal legatees, and also one of 
the executors of Sir Charles Mary Went- 
worth, the only son and child of the last 
Gov. John. 

Mrs. Gore left two children, viz.: 
Cecilia Ann Mary, m. Lord Edward 
Thynne. Augustus Frederic, Aid-de 
Camp to the Lord Lt. of Ireland, and 
who was one of the party of the Prince of 
Wales, in his recent visit to America. 

Mrs. Gore was well known as the 
great English novel writer, author of the 
" Banker's Wife," and a very large 
number of other works. j. w. 

Haddock, Prof. Charles Brickett, West 
Lebanon, N. II., Jan. 15, a. 64. He was 
b. at Salisbury, now Franklin, N. H., in 
1796. His father, William Haddock, 
was a native of Massachusetts. His 
mother was Abigail Webster, a sister of 
Ezekiel and Daniel Webster. His child- 
hood was chiefly spent at Elms Farms, 


Marriages and Deaths. 


in the mansion built by his father, after- 
wards the favorite residence of his uncle, 
Daniel Webster. He grad. at Dart. 
Coll. in 1816 ; after devoting three years 
to the study of theology was, in 1819, 
appointed to the chair of Rhetoric and 
Belles Lettres, in that ancient seat of 
learning, which he occupied until 1838, 
when he took that of Intellectual Philos- 
ophy and Political Economy in the 
same institution, which he held until 
1851 . In that year he left for Lisbon, to 
perform the duties of Charge d'Affaires 
from the United States to Portugal, to 
which office he was appointed by Mr. 
Fillmore. In 1855, he returned to this 
country ; devoted himself to agriculture 
in his charming home on the banks of 
the Connecticut ; revised for the press a 
large portion of his writings, and brought 
to a nearly finished state an agreeable 
work on Portugal, which was first to be 
published in the pages of the Knicker- 
bocker Magazine. From the period Mr. 
Haddock was qualified to preach (omit- 
ting the few years he was absent in Lis- 
bon ) he discoursed regularly twice on each 
Sabbath, in some one of the neighboring 
villages. He delivered two sermons the 
Sunday before he died. For thirty-two 
years, he discharged the active duties of 
his professorship ; and more than half 
the alumni of Dartmouth are numbered 
among his pupils. His labors as a Min- 
ister to Portugal were valuable. He was 
for four successive elections returned to 
the New Hampshire Legislature, where he 
introduced and carried through the present 
common school system of the state, and 
was the first School Commissioner under 
it. He was the father of the railroad 
system in New Hampshire. As a belles 
lettres scholar he had no superior, it is 
thought, in New England. He has writ- 
ten with ability on almost every subject. 
He was thoroughly versed in public law. 
His anniversary orations, lectures, re- 
views, reports for fifteen years on educa- 
tion, sermons, writings on agriculture, 
rhetoric, &c. would make a library in 
themselves. Upon the day he died, he 
was nominated for Congress, by the 
Union State Convention. He was ap- 
parently in perfect health the afternoon 
of his decease. In the evening he com- 
plained of indisposition, and retired 
about nine o'clock. His wife was in the 
room, and occasionally addressed him. 
After a while he fell asleep, as she sup- 
posed, but it proved to be the sleep of 
death. He was buried in the cemetery 
at Hanover — a lovely spot, in a great 
measure indebted to him for its beauty 
and rural ornament. 
Hodges, Hon. George Tisdale, Rutland, 
Vt., Aug. 9, ae. 72. His father, Silas 
Hodges, was the 6on of George and 

Susannah (Cobb,) grandson of William 
and Hannah (Tisdale,) gr.-grandson of 
John and Elizabeth (Morey,) gr.-gr.- 
grandson of William of Taunton, and 
was b. in Norton, Mass., Feb. 11, 1741-2. 
When about 15 years old, he removed 
with his father to Woodstock, Conn.; 
but subsequently went to Clarendon, 
Vt., where he died in 1804. In the 
Revolutionary war he was surgeon or 
physician in Gen. Washington's family. 
He was thrice married. His third wife 
was Mary Gould, a native of Concord, 
Mass., who survived him forty years. 
The subject of this sketch was her 3d son. 
He was b. in Clarendon, in July, 1789 ; 
entered Middlebury College about 1802. 
Upon his father's death, he left college 
and devoted himself to the mercantile 
business ; removed to Rutland in 1 808 ; 
in May, 1810, he m. Emily Bliss, who 
survives him. He entered the military 
service, and in a few years rose to the 
rank of Major ; was for several years a 
Representative in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, from Rutland ; in 1845, '46, 
and '47 was elected a Senator from Rut- 
land County, and was for two years 
President pro-tempore. In 1848, he was 
one of the Vermont Presidential electors, 
and gave his vote for Zachary Taylor for 
President. For more than a quarter of 
a century Major Hodges was President 
of the Bank of Rutland. He filled offices 
in many other institutions, and discharged 
his duties in the most honorable manner. 
Few men have been more prominent, 
and few so worthy of confidence and 
esteem. His death is a loss to the whole 
State of Vermont. 

Johnson, John, Washington, D. C, a. 86. 
He was found dead in his bed at the 
Clay House, in that city, on Sunday 
morning. He was one of the compan- 
ions of the immortal Boone, and when 
the remains of that celebrated pioneer 
were a few years ago removed and con- 
veyed to a final resting place, the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky sent for Mr. Johnson 
to act as one of the pall-bearers. He 
was of Ohio. — Bos. Trans., Wed. Feb. 20. 

Kingsbury, Jonathan, East Needham, 
Jan. 14, a. 85. 

Langdon, Thomas Walley, New York, 
Dec. 17, a. 77. He was b. in Boston, of 
which city he was for many years a citi- 
zen and merchant, having at an eaily 
period engaged in the Smyrna trade, 
together with his only brother, John. 
His father, Capt. John Langdon, of 
Boston, b. 1748, m. Mary, only dau. of 
Thomas Walley, of the same place, by 
his first wife, Mary Kneeland ; he served 
an apprenticeship in the same firm as 
Henry Knox, (afterwards major-general,) 
viz.: with Wharton & Bowes, booksellers, 
and successors of old Daniel Henchman. 


Marriages and Deaths. 


In 1770, he commenced business for him- 
self, on Cornhill, but relinquished it on 
the outbreak of hostilities, and raised a 
volunteer company, which did active 
service during the campaign in Rhode 

Island ; his friend, Blodgett, who 

was also in the same business, acting as 
lieutenant. Besides the hardships of 
service, the officers of the company suf- 
fered through the dishonesty of their 
agent at Boston, who in their absence 
departed for Halifax, with a large amount 
of cash on hand. After the war, Capt. 
Langdon obtained a position in the cus- 
tom-house at Boston, in which city he 
d. in Aug. 1793, se,. 45, leaving seven 
daus. and two sons, of which children 
T. W. Langdon was the last survivor. 
The latter m. 81 Aug, 1833, widow Jane 
Weaver Ross, only dau. of Dr. John 
Greenwood, of New York. The family 
name is continued solely through his 
nephew, Joseph Langdon, merchant at 
Smyrna, "who at that portal of the 
Orient, for a quarter of a century, (to 
the officers of our Navy, and to his trav- 
elling countrymen more particularly,) 
has done gloriously his country's honors 
of hospitality." i. j. g. 

Lewis, Alonzo, Lynn, Jan. 21, a. 66. 
He was a native of the town, and was b. 
Aug. 28, 1794, son of Zachariah and 
Mary (Hudson) Lewis. His education 
was acquired in the common schools and 
the academy of his birthplace, where, 
with the exception of short intervals, he 
resided during his life. He exhibited an 
early mental development, and his pur- 
suits were chiefly of an intellectual cast. 
He was a teacher in the first Sunday 
School, in the grammar schools, and 
subsequently principal of the Academy. 
He was a contributor to the first, and 
editor of the second newspaper, and he 
constructed and published a Map and a 
Directory of the town. He suggested 
the erection of the present barrier on 
Nahant beach, to protect the town from 
the inroads of the sea, and the lighthouse 
on Egg Rock may be traced to his in- 
fluence. He arrested the decay of the 
early records of the town, and placed 
them in a condition for future reference. 
As a designer, his conceptions were cor- 
rect, and he embodied them with a rare 
faithfulness, and the aptly emblematic 
seal of his native city is an abiding mon- 
ument of his genius. As a civil engineer, 
he attained to great proficiency, and his 
deductions were rarely disproved. For 
many years he filled the station of justice 
of the peace, with dignity and impartial- 
ity. In his religious faith, he was a firm 
believer in the great truths of Christianity, 
and their inculcation is dispersed through- 
out his writings, but he rejected the intri- 
cacies of sectarian dogmas. He had a 

just poetic perception, and it were faint 
praise to many of his productions to 
place them in the scale of medioc- 
rity. He wielded no startling themes, 
and never sought to astonish with the 
outburst of a factitious inspiration. The 
ocean, which washed the beach under the 
windows of his cottage, the dark rocks of 
Nahant, the woods and beautiful lakes of 
his native town, the legends of the an- 
cient red men, these were the peaceful 
subjects he chose for his muse, and his 
suggestive fancy embellished them with 
new attractions. His great triumph is 
the " History of Lynn," of which two 
editions were published ; the first, in 
1829, the second, in 1844, 8vo, pp. 278. 
A strong love of antiques and rarities 
distinguished him from his fellows, even 
in his boyhood, and an early collec- 
tion of facts, worthy to be remembered, 
was the nucleus of the work, when his 
maturer fancy grasped the grand project 
of a history of his native town from the 
earliest times. The age of local histories 
had not yet arrived, and he went forth 
on the untrodden path wrhout a guide, 
to disinter from the rubbish of antiquity 
such mementoes as a devoted labor might 
yield. Our Colony records, which have 
since been reproduced in excellent print- 
ed volumes, were then in chaos, and 
most others, which were presumed to 
contain matter to his purpose, were in 
like condition, without indexes or any 
means of reference, yet, from them all, 
he drew whatever was essential to his 
undertaking. He penetrated hopeless 
private repositories, and from the records 
in an old Bible, the interleaved pages of 
an almanac, or the diary of an ancient 
settler, marshalled into order the lurking 
facts. His labor was arduous, but he 
diligently pursued it, and his success was 
commensurate with his perseverance. 
He acted on no precedent, yet many suc- 
ceeding historians have not hesitated to 
adopt him as a model. His employ- 
ments were honorable, rather than lucra- 
tive, and, since he received from the 
public, whom he served, but a meagre 
pecuniary reward, posterity will heartily 
award him that posthumous fame to 
which he so honestly aspired. J. m. 

We have also received an Obituary 
Notice of Mr. Lewis, from Thomas B. 
Wvman, Jr., Esq., who gives the pedi- 
gree of Mr. Lewis thus : John 1 Lewis, of 
Maiden, by his second wife, Mary, dau. of 
Abraham Browne, of Watertown, (see 
Bond's Watertown, p. 119,) had Isaac, 2 
b. about 1656, who, by wife Mary Davis, 
had Isaac, 3 of Rumney Marsh, (Chelsea,) 
who, by w. Hannah Hallet, had Nathan* 
of Boston, who, by w. Mary Newhall, 
had Zechariah 5 of Lynn, who, by w. Mary 
Hudson, had Alonzo, 6 the subject of 


Marriages and Deaths, 


this notice. This pedigree differs in the 
first generation from that given by Mr. 
Lewis himself in the History of Lynn, 
p. 108, hut is believed to be correct. 
The latter pedigree was made before the 
facilities for tracing lineages were so 
great as they are at the present time. 

Mr. Lewis m. Frances Maria Swan, 
by whom he had Alonzo, 7 Frances Ma- 
ria, 7 Aurelius, 7 Llewellyn, 7 Arthur, 7 and 
Lynn worth. 7 
Lowell, Rev. Charles, D. D., at his resi- 
dence, in Cambridge, Sunday morning, 
Jan. 20, a. 78. He was born in Boston, 
Aug. 15, 1782, in Tremont Street, corner 
of Beacon, on the spot where the Albion 
now stands. He was son of Hon. John 
and Rebecca (Russell) Lowell. His 
father, grad. H. C. 1760, was an eminent 
lawyer in Boston, was Judge of the 
United States District Court in Massa- 
chusetts, and was a Representative in 
Congress from Suffolk District. He d. in 
Roxbury, May 6, 1802, a. 58. The sub- 
ject of this notice was a student at An- 
dover Academy three or four years, under 
Abiel Abbott and Mark Newman, and 
thence was placed under the instruction 
of Zedekiah Sanger, in South Bridge- 
water, where he completed his prepara- 
tory studies, entered the Sophomore class 
in Harvard College in 1797, and grad. in 
1800. After leaving college, he studied 
law one year, with his elder brother, John 
Lowell, Jr. In the autumn of 1802, he 
went to Scotland and entered the Divin- 
ity School of the Edinburgh University, 
and among his fellow students was the 
present Sir David Brewster. He took a 
pedestrian tour to the Highlands of 
Scotland ; visited England, France and 
Switzerland ; preached at Hackney and 
at Bristol. On his return home he 
studied divinity with Rev. Dr. Sanger, 
abovementioned, and Rev. David Tap- 
pan, Professor of Divinty at Cambridge ; 
was ordained over the West Church in 
Boston, Jan. 1, 18<>6, succeeding Rev. 
Simeon Howard, D. D., who d. Aug. 12, 
1804. Dr. Lowell continued sole pastor 
of the church for more than 37 years. 
Rev. Cyrus A. Bartol, the present pastor, 
was ordained his colleague, March 1, 
1837. Soon after this, Dr. Lowell re- 
visited Europe, making a tour through 
the principal countries, and extending 
his journey to the Holy Land, to Cairo, 
&c. He m. in Oct. 1806, Harriet B. 
Spence, of Portsmouth, N. H. He has 
left 5 children, 3 sons and 2 daughters. 
The degree of D. D. was conferred by 
Harvard College on Dr. Lowell in 1823. 
He was a member of the Mass. Hist. 
Society, and of the New England Hist.- 
Genealogical Society. He published 17 
Occasional Sermons, and two or three 
small volumes. He was Pastor of the 

West Church 55 years. There have been 
but three clergymen settled in Boston, 
whose pastorates have extended to a 
greater length than Dr. Lowell's, viz.: 
Rev. Dr. Chauncy of the First Church, 
Rev. Dr. Sewall of the Old South, and 
Rev. Dr. Increase Mather of the Second 

Middleton, Major George, Syracuse, 
N. Y., Jan. 19, a. 91. He was claimed 
to be the senior member of the Masonic 
fraternity in the United States. It is 
said that the Major was present at the 
Fort Griswold massacre in Connecticut, 
when Col. Ledyard and most of his gar- 
rison were massacred in cold blood, after 
their surrender to the British, under the 
command of the traitor Arnold. 

Moulton, William, Ncwburyport, Jan. 14, 
a. 88 yrs. 6 mos. He was for half a 
century in business in that town, where 
he was familiarly known, as " The Hon- 
est Goldsmith/' 

Munroe, James, Cambridge, Jan. 12, a. 
52. He was the son of Dea. James and 
Margaret ( Watson) Munroe, and was b. in 
Cambridge, Dec. 15, 1808; m. Oct. 8, 
1833, Sarah Russell Mason Fiske, (b. 
Dec. 16, 1808,) by whom he had Mar- 
garet Ann and Mary Elizabeth. He 
has long been known as a Publisher and 
Bookseller, of the firm of James Munroe & 
Co., at Boston and Cambridge. He was 
a descendant of William 1 and Martha 
Munroe, of Lexington, through George 2 
and Sarah, William 3 and Rebecca Locke, 
Dea. James 4 and Lucy Watson. The 
latter were the grandparents of the de- 
ceased. — See " Book of the Lockes," pp. 
23, 36, 67, 124, 240, and Appendix E. 

Murray, Rev. Nicholas, D. D., Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., Feb. 4, a. 59. He was b. in 
Ireland, Dec. 25, 1802. His father died 
when he was a mere boy, and young 
Nicholas was put into a store to begin, 
almost without education, the struggle 
and labors of life. At the early age of 
12, he was keeping a set of books in a 
store in Dublin. Induced by the reports 
from America to believe that his chances 
of success would be greater here, he came 
to this country in 1818, and immediately 
found employment in the establishment 
of Harper & Brothers, and a home in the 
family of his employers. He renounced 
the Catholic faith, in which he had been 
born, and connected himself with the 
Methodist Episcopal, afterwards with the 
Presbyterian Church, of which Rev. Dr. 
Spring was and is the pastor. While at 
work at the printing press, he commenced 
his studies, preparatory for the ministry, 
in connection with a fellow-apprentice, 
now the Rev. I. C. Oakley, of Cold 
Spring, N. Y. He grad. at Williams 
College, in 1826 ; pursued his theological 
studies at Princeton, N. J.; was settled 


Marriages and Deaths. 


over two churches in Wyoming Valley, ' 
Wilkesbarrc and Kingston, Pa.; was in- 
stalled pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church in Elizabethtown, N. J., in 1833, 
where he spent the remainder of his life, 
twenty-eight years of the most eminent 
usefulness, and devotion to the best in- 
terests of his people, and the highest 
good of the human family. The various 
institutions of Christian benevolence, — 
colleges, seminaries and schools, found 
in him an earnest, faithful supporter and 
friend. In the year 1847, he addressed 
a series of letters to Bishop Hughes, of 
New York, which appeared in the New 
York Observer, and were extensively 
reprinted in other papers, languages, and 
lands. These letters presented the his- 
tory of the writer's progress from Ro- 
manism to Protestantism, and examined 
the reasons for adhering to the Church of 
Rome. A second and third series fol- 
lowed. The nom de plume of the writer 
was Kirwan. Dr. Murray made two 
or three journeys in Europe. His letters 
have been collected in volumes, and are 
published under the following titles : 
" Letters to Bishop Hughes ;" " Roman- 
ism at Home ;" " Men and Things in 
Europe ;" "American Principles on Na- 
tional Prosperity ;" " Parish and other 
Peneilings;" " The Happy Home." His 
disease was neuralgia in the chest, of 
which he died, after an illness of four 
days. Dr. Murray was a Corresponding 
Member of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society. 

Odiorne, Christiana Gordon, Worcester, 
December 14, a. 88 ; widow of Hon. 
George Odiorne, of Boston. She was 
the youngest daughter of William Gor- 
don, Esq., of Dunstable, N. H., and was 
born Jan. 22, 1772. 

Peirce, Hon. Peter Hoar, Middleborough, 
Jan. 27, a. 72 yrs. 10 mos. 12 days. 
He was b. in that part of Middleborough, 
now Lakeville, March 15, 1788; was the 
youngest of 15 children, and the 8th 
son of Capt. Job and Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Rounsevill) Peirce, grandson of Ebene- 
zer and Mary (Hoskins) Peirce, gr.- 
grandson of Isaac Peirce, Jr. of Dux- 
bury, who removed to Middleborough in 
1710, gr.-gr.-grandson of Isaac Peirce, 
senior, and gr.-gr.-gr. grandson of Abra- 
ham Peirce, senior, of Plymouth, the 
emigrant ancestor. 

The deceased was remarkably success- 
ful as a merchant, and, at the date of his 
death, one of the wealthiest men in the 
State. He commanded a company in 
active service, in the war of 1812, and 
was subsequently promoted to Lieut. 
Colonel ; was elected to a seat in the 
Senate of Massachusetts, and was a 
member of the Governor's Council. 

E. W. P. 

Richardson, Miss Eliza. Dodge, Boston, 
Jan. 24, a. 51 yrs. 2 mos. 2 dys.; dau. of 
the late Jesse and Eunice Dodge Rich- 
ardson of Salem. Jesse R. was son of 
Nathaniel and Eunice Putnam Richard- 
son. She was a descendant of the 6th 
generation from Thomas Richardson of 
Woburn. — See Register, vol. ix, page 

Sykes, Henry Alexander, Suffield, Conn., 
Dec. 13, a. 50; of diphtheria. During the 
prevalence in Suffield of the disease to 
which Deacon Sykes was a victim, the 
family, of which he was the head, has 
been sadly afflicted. On the fifth of 
Dec. a daughter, its pride and flower, 
was taken. She came from the school 
at South Had ley, where she was a pupil, 
to her home, to spend Thanksgiving. 
She was attacked by the disease and, 
after an illness of only five days, she 
died. Followed quickly, and after an 
equally brief illness, by her father. He 
was, by profession, an architect, and 
many handsome buildings, both public 
and private, in Springfield and adjoining 
towns, attest his skill. Six years ago 
the degree of A. M. was conferred upon 
him by Amherst College. He was a 
zealous student of history, and the re- 
sults of his research into the early times 
of his own town are referred to with 
pride by his townsmen. On the 16th of 
September, 1858, he delivered an in- 
teresting Historical Address, at Suffield, 
on occasion of the 150th Anniversary of 
the decease of the Rev. Benjamin Rug- 
gles, first Pastor of the First Congrega- 
tional Church there. This Address, 
with the Proceedings of the Day, has 
been published. His sound judgment, 
united to a kind and affable demeanor, 
made him respected and beloved, as a 
townsman and as a friend. For several 
years he was a Deacon of the Congrega- 
tional Church. — Relig. Herald, Hartford, 
27 Dec. 1860. 

Thompson, Ebenezer, Verona, Oneida 
County, N. Y., Dec. 23, a?. 94. He was 
b. in Woburn, Ms., Nov. 5, 1767 ; was 
the son of Hiram 5 and Bridget (Snow) 
Thompson, who was the son of Ebene- 
zer 4 and Hannah (Converse,) who was 
the son of Jonathan 3 and Frances (Whit- 
tcmore,) who was the son of Jonathan 3 
and Susannah (Blogget,) who was the 
son of James, 1 (b. 1593, d. 1682, of 
Charlestown and Woburn,) and Eliza- 

Ebenezer, 6 the subject of this notice, 
m. Rhoda Wyman, at Woburn, June 
15, 1789; she d. May 30, 1790. His 
second wife was Rhoda Putnam. They 
were married at Medford, he being, at 
that time, a resident of Cambridge, 
Mass. He removed to New York State, 
in 1816. 


Marriages and Deaths. 


Tidd, Ruth, Medford, Jan. 13, a. 94; 
widow of Jacob Tidd, of Boston, and 
dau. of William and Hannah Dawes. 
She married when quite young, and had 
thirteen children, only one of whom sur- 
vives her. She was a member of the 
West Boston Church — a Christian wom- 
an ; " lovely and loveable in life and in 
death," as Rev. Dr. Lowell wrote of her 
only the day before his death. 

Tolman, Elizabeth (Tisdale), Boston, Jan. 
29, a. 73; wife of Samuel Tolman, and 
dau. of the late Dea. Oliver Everett of 
Sharon. — See Beg., vol. xiv, pp. 218,253. 

Tuttle, Mary Ann, Elmira, N. Y., Jan. 
3, a. 87 ; wid. of Stephen Tuttle. She 
was b. in Litchfield County, Conn., in 
1773. Her father was Capt. William 
McKerachan. He was b. in the North of 
Ireland, of the Scotch Irish Presbyterian 
stock. He was a man of education and 
of enterprise. He removed from the 
town of Kent, where his daughter was 
born, to the Valley of Wyoming, while 
she was vet an infant. He was killed 
by the Indians, July 3, 1778. (See 
Miner's Wyoming, Appendix, p. 20.) His 
name may be seen engraven upon that 
monument which a grateful country has 
raised in that renowned valley. The 
inhabitants, who were spared from the 
tomahawk of the Indians, fled. Among 
them was the mother of Mrs. Tuttle, 
who took her two infants on horseback, 
and rode, without stopping, to the first 
place of safety that offered. Mary Ann 
was then in her fifth year, and clung to her 
mother, or the crupper, while her sister, 
(Mrs. Alexander, who now survives,) — 
then only three weeks old — was in her 
mother's arms. The mother had to 
guide her horse, hold on to her children, 
and keep up with the company, chased 
by the Indians, with the war-whoop of 
the savages sounding in their ears. It 
was thus, that in passing through a 
stream where a rapid current ran, that 
the thirsty animal put down his head for 
water, which jerked the babe from its 
mother's arms, so that its head touched 
the water, and was saved only by getting 
a sudden hold of its dress. New Milford, 
Conn., became the place of refuge for 
those fugitives. Here they remained for 
some time. Her second father was Ma- 
thias Hollenback. As far back as 1795, 
sixty-six years ago, Mrs. Tuttle was 
accustomed to ride on horseback, from 
Wilkesbarre to Elmira, N. Y., in com- 
pany with Mr. Hollenback, when a few 

stray dwellings were scattered along the 
river bank. (Mr. Hollenback traded 
with the Indians, and supplied with ra- 
tions the Council, under Col. Pickering, 
in 1791.) Tioga Point was her first 
place of residence, after her marriage 
with Mr. Tuttle. She went to Elmira in 
1811, and next year moved into the house, 
where, for half a century, she lived, and 
where she died. She was a woman of 
genuine piety — remarkable shrewdness, 
and honesty of purpose, a little blunt 
withal. Rev. Dr. Murdoch, in the ser- 
mon at her funeral, says : " She would 
have answered a stranger — who had no 
right to ask the question : ' Have you 
any religion V ' I have none to speak 
of.' She would have said this sharply; 
for she never fancied those talkers of 
their religious experience. She gener- 
ally cut them short by some dry sen- 
tence, that went directly to the place. 
One of these windy religionists was vent- 
uring a reproof to her, for not attending 
all the time upon certain religious meet- 
ings : ' Sarah/ he said, ' would not 
have been absent when the angels came 
to Abraham's tent.' 'But Sarah 
baked the cakes !' was all the answer 

Warren, John, Dorchester, Feb. 20, a. 86. 

Wentworth, Elizabeth, Bridgewater, Jan. 
19, a. 81, and, on the 6th of February, 
her husband, Theophilus Wentworth, a. 
87. He was born at Canton, Mass., 13 
Aug. 1773. He m. at Randolph, Mass., 
Elizabeth French, 19 Nov. 1794. He 
was son of Elijah 5 and Rebecca (CapenJ 
Wentworth, grandson of Amariah 4 and 
Rebecca (Shepherd,) gr.-grandson of 
Charles 3 and Bethiah (Fenno,) who was 
son of John 2 and Martha, and grandson 
of William Wentworth, the emigrant 
settler. j. w. 

Wyman, Caroline Elizabeth, Grand Rapids 
City, Michigan, Feb 16, Saturday, 9 
A. M., at Ionia, near Bronson St. 
[Grand Rapids Daily Eagle, Feb. 16.] 
A lady of great worth : very much la- 
mented. Age 49 yrs. 7 mos. 25 days. 
Maiden name, Metcalf, of Cooperstown, 
N. Y. Was married, June 4, 1833, to 
John Fox Wyman, Merchant, of Geneseo, 
N. Y.; (7th son of William and Mary 
Wyman, of Walpole, N. H.) Of seven 
children, four daughters survive. 

The spirit did not fail to come 

At the appointed time, 
And take her to her father's home 

Beyond the skies ! ▼. 

< — - — » 

Query. — " Hannah Basket, b. Aug. 2, 1675, was m. to Mr. Richard Symmes, had 
several children, and d. June 24, 1744, a. 69. Their dau. Hannah Symmes, b. Aug. 
27, 1707, and Jeffrey Lang, b. Jan. 16, 1707, were m. Aug. 24, 1732, and had nine 
children." — " Benjamin Pickman's first wife, and the grandmothers of Elias Hasket 
Derby, Jonathan Ingersol, b. Jan. 28, 1672, and Edward Lang, were sisters by the 
name of Hasket." — Fam. Record. Who was Mr. Richard Symmes 1 


N. E. Hist.- Gen. Society. 


Members of the "New England Historic-Genealogical Society. 

[Continued from Vol. XIV., p. 94.J 
From December 1, 1859, to February 1, 1861. 


"William B. Towne of Brookline. 
Isaac Child of Dorchester. 
John Barstow of Providence, R. I. 

George W. Messinger of Boston. 

Alonzo H. Quint of Jamaica Plain. 



Theophilus Parsons, Cambridge. 
George F. Thayer, Boston. 
Thomas Cushing, do. 
John C. Ropes, do. 

John S. Ladd, East Cambridge. 
George A. Simmons, Roxbury. 
John S. Eldridge, Canton. 
John Sargent, Cambridge. 
Gardiner P. Gates, Medford. 
George G. Withington, North Easton. 

Joseph Angier, Milton. 
E. N. Horsford, Cambridge. 
James Gregory, Marblehead. 
John H. Ellis, Charlestown. 
Thomas S. Dennett, Dorchester. 
Samuel Batchelder, Jr., Cambridge. 
Wm. A. Saunders, North Cambridge. 
George W. Chase, Haverhill. 
Edmund B. Willson, Salem. 
John H. Morison, Milton. 
Samuel Blake, Dorchester. 
James W. Thompson, Jamaica Plain. 
Frederick Allen, Westminster. 
William H. Ladd, Lynn. 
E. W. Peirce, Freetown. 
N. P. Lovering, Boston. 
John Ruggles, Brighton. 
Benjamin Chickering, Pittsfield. 
Claudius B. Patten, Grantville. 
Samuel C. Cobb, Roxbury. 

Oliver B. Dorrance, Portland, Me. 

Charles M. Dinsmoor, North Cambridge. 

* Jeffrey Richardson, Jr., Boston. [* 1860. 

Pynson Blake, Boston. 

S. W. Bush, Medfield. 

Edward A. Newton, Pittsfield. 

Hezekiah Earl, Boston. 

Moses Potter, do. 

Charles B. Hall, do. 

T. Clinton Frye, Andover. 

John H. Wilkins, Boston. 

John B. Taylor, East Cambridge. 

Charles S. Lynch, Boston. 

Geo. W. Wheelwright, Belmont. 

James M. Keith, Boston. 

Nathaniel B. Borden, Fall River. 

Abner Morse, Boston. 

Simeon P. Adams, Boston. 

Edward R. Humphreys, Cambridgeport. 

Benjamin Huntoon, Marblehead. 

Edward Hamilton, Roxbury. 

Henry W. French, North Easton. 

William A. Brewer, Cambridgeport. 

Josiah Porter, North Cambridge. 

Benjamin Leeds, Brookline. 

Henry O. Hildreth, Dedham. 

Charles C. Sewall, Medfield. 
William Mountford, Boston. 
John H. Sheppard, do. 
Alden Spear, do. 

John Tyler, Sherwood Forest, Va. 

Samuel G. Drake, Boston. 

I. Smith Homans, New York, N. Y. 
Mark A. Lower, Lewes, Eng. 
"William A. Smithett, Galesburg, HI. 
James Crosby, London, Eng. 
Edwin A. Dalrymple, Baltimore, Md. 

Amos Dean, Albany, N. Y. 
Franklin B. Hough, Albany, N. Y. 


C. C. Felton, Cambridge. 

Joseph Richardson, Hingham. 


Henry Ward Beecher, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Albert Barnes, Philadelphia, Pa. 
E. C. Arnold, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Joseph B. Bond, Yarmouth, N. S. 
Henry Flanders, Philadelphia, Pa. 
George L. Cary, Yellow Springs, O. 
"W. Noel Sainsbury, London, Eng. 
N. H. Chamberlain, Baltimore, Md. 
J. D. Graham, Chicago, 111. 
J. G. Forman, Alton, 111. 


Payments, fyc. 


James S. Back, Milwaukie. Wis. 
Charles J. Bowen, Baltimore, Md. 
Henry M. Field. New York. 
John Tuckett, London, Eng. 
S. V. Bhipman, Madison, Wis. 
George W. Bagby, Richmond, Va. 
David L. Swain, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Charles C. Morean, New York. 
Thomas (). Rice, Charleston, 8. C. 
Kohcrt Lemon, London, Eng. 
Franklin Chase, Tampico, Mex. 
Martyn Paine, New York. 
George G. Manger, Rochester, N. Y. 
Thomas II. Wynne, Richmond, Va. 

Charles Campbell, Petersburg, Va. 
Frank Moore, New York. 
L. II. La Fontaine, Montreal, Canada. 
James Humphrey, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Thomas Hashes, Chester," Eng. 
Calvin Fletcher, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Inerease A. Lapham, Milwankie, Wis. 
N. E. S. A. Hamilton, London, Eng. 
Addison W. Champney, New York, N.Y. 
Henry A. Miles, Florence, Italy. 
John Jay Smith, Germantown, Pa. 

« — - — *■ 

Payments for 1861. — Albany, A 7 . Y., G. II. Thacher, E. S. Stearns; Albion, N.Y. , 
Lemuel C. Paine; Amherst, K. Tuckcrman, L. M. Boltwood ; Amherst, N. II., P. 
Dodge; Andover, S. Farrar; Belchertown, Mrs. Mark Doolittle; Boscaiven, N. JL, 
J. Tenney; Boston, T. L. Turner, Mrs. Elizabeth Child, George Montfort, Nathan 
Appleton, P. M. Bartlett, Geo. Livermore, J. M. Bobbins, J. W. Plimpton, Aaron 
Sargent, J. W. Warren, Alex. Beale, J. Palmer, P. Willard, W. Whiting, J. H. 
Wilkins, J. P. Healv, A. 1). Hodges, /. Hosmer, 1). W. Holmes, F. A. Hall, George 
Lunt, S. Lincoln, C. G. Loring, S. E. Bewail, S. T. Snow, J. P. Cook, J. W. Clark, 
J. II. Blake, W. B. Bradford, S. Andrews, G. W. Mcssinger, .J. Richardson, C. Deane, 
J. Quincy, M. G. Cobb, E. Pearson, T. C. Smith, W. T. Andrews, W. M. Lathrop, 
II. Davenport, F. W. Lincoln, P. Butler, N. Emerson, L. Mason, G. B. Upton, 
T. A. Neal, J. K. Wiggin, E. S. Living, B. F. White, A. A. Lawrence, R. Briggs, 
George Bates, Lemuel Shaw, David Sears, Miss Eliza S. White, Mrs. D. P. Parker, 
Winslow Lewis, C. C. Jewett, W. W. Greenough, J. F. Baldwin, J. Savage, 
P. Kelley, A. J. Coolidge, II. Rice, D. Draper, W. G. Brooks, S. T. Farwell, I. N. 
Tarbox, R. C. Winthrop, J. Breck, J. II. Wohott, J. Bryant, E. J. Brown, F. W. 
Prescott, L. M. Sargent, Edward Brooks, Benjamin Abbott. Mrs. Lemuel Shattuck, 
Boston Library, Isaac Harris, Miss E. M. Adams, H. A. Whitney, J. W. Parker, 
Mrs. J. C. Merrill; Bowlesville, III.,,]. Bowles; Brighton, F. A. Whitney ; Buffalo, 
N. Y., N. K. Hall, Young Men's Association ; Cambridge, G. E. Richards; Charlestown, 
T. B. Wyman ; Chelsea, C. Pratt; Cincinnati, Ohio, Mercantile Library Association ; 
Claremont, N. 11., G. L. Balcom ; Cleveland, Ohio, W. A. Otis ; Conway, A. Howland ; 
Danvers Port, S. P. Fowler; Dedham, E. Wilkinson ; Ellington, Ct., J. H. Brockway ; 
Edgartoton, J. Pierce ; Great Falls, X. II, Mark Noble ; Great Barrington, Inerease 
Sumner; Groton, J. Green; Hull, Robert Gould; .Jamaica Plain, Miss Catherine P. 
Curtis, W. II. Sumner; Indianapolis, Ind., A. G. Willard; Jersey City, S. Alofsen ; 
Manchester, N. II, Manchester Library, M. H. Bell, S. D. Bell; Marietta, Ohio, S. P. 
Hildreth; Med ford, Miss A. T. Wild; Mendon, J. G. Metcalf; Middlemen, Ct., S. H. 
Parsons; Mihcaukie, Wis., A. J Langworthy, J. F. Burchard. J. S. Harris, L. H. 
Kellogg, J. S. Buck, E. B. Woolcutt ; Nantucket, W. C. Folger; Newark, N. J., S. H. 
Cougar ; New Haven, Ct., H. White, T. R. Trowbridge; Newport, R.I., Redwood 
Library; New York, N. Y., B. W. Bonney, G. Quincy Thorndike, Edward Braman ; 
Northampton, II. Bright ; Philadelphia, Pa., Alfred Sladc, Miss Rachell Wetherell ; 
Portsmouth, N. II., J Wendell, A. R. H. Fernald ; Putnam, Ohio, A. Kingsbury ; 
Quincy, Jona. Marsh ; Quincy, III., S. H. Emerv, O. H. Browning, Willard Keyes, 
C. A. Savage ; Randolph, E. Alden ; Rochester, fr. Y., Jarvis M. Hatch ; Schenectady, 
N. Y., Jona. Pearson, Union College ; South Reading, L. Eaton ; Springfield, O. B. 
Morris ; Stamford, Ct., E. B. Huntington ; Taunton, M. Blake ; Tipton, Iowa, W. H. 
Tuthill ; Troy, N. Y, B. H. Hall, R. M. Townsend ; Westerly, R. I., C. H. Dennison ; 
West Brattleboro' , Vt., S. Clark; West Bridgewater, William Baylies; Westfield, James 
Fowler; West Poxdtney, Vt., Henry Clark ; West Winsted, Ct., John Boyd ; Willimanset, 
O. Chapin ; Willimantic, Ct , W. L. Weaver ; Woburn, B. Bucknam ; Worcester, C. 
Allen; Yarmouth, A. Otis; Zanesville, Ohio, Zanesville Athenaeum. 

< — » — » 

Genealogical RESEARCHES.T-r-Rey. Abner Morse, the accomplished and well- 
known Genealogist, we are informed, will make researches for families in New 
England, who are desirous for such information, and cannot attend to the labor them- 
selves. We do not hesitate to state that his charges will be very reasonable. 


N. E. Hist -Gen. Society. 

[April, 1861. 

Officers of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society 

for the Year 1861. 



New Hampshire. 


Rhode Island. 


New York. 
New Jersey. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

WINSLOW LEWIS, M. D., of Boston. 

Rev. Martin Moore of Boston. 
Hon. John Appleton of Bangor. 
Hon. Samuel D. Bell of Manchester. 
Henry Clark of Poultney. 
John Barstow of Providence. 
Rev. F. W. Chapman of Ellington. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents, 
Hon. Millard Fillmore of Buffalo. 
Hon. Joseph C. Hornblovver of Newark. 
Hon. Samuel Breck of Philadelphia. 
S. F. Streeter of Baltimore. 
Edward Kidder of Wilmington. 
Rev. Thomas Smyth, D. D., of Charleston. 
Hon. Elijah Hayward of McConnellsville. 
Hon. Lewis Cass of Detroit. 
Hon. Ballard Smith of Cannelton. 
Hon. John Wentworth of Chicago. 
Cyrus Woodman of Mineral Point. 
Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D. D., of Davenport. 

Corresponding Secretary, 
John Ward Dean of Boston. 

Hecording Secretary, 
Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee of Roxbury. 

William B. Towne of Brookline. 

Joseph Palmer, M. D., of Boston. 

John H. Sheppard of Boston. 

Assistant Secretary, 
Edward F. Everett of Charlestown. 

Standing Committees and Trustees, 

Committee on Publication. 
John W. Dean of Boston. 
William B. Trask of Dorchester. 
William H. Whitmore of Boston. 

Committee on Finance. 

J. Colburn of Roxbury. 

Wm. B. Towne of Brookline, (ex-officio.) 

Hon. Geo. W. Messinger of Boston. 

J. Tisdale Bradlee of Boston. 

Thos. J. Whittemore of Cambridge. 

Committee on the Library. 
Frederic Kidder of Boston. 
John H. Sheppard of Boston, (ex-officio.) 

Rev. James Thurston of Belmont. 
Thomas Waterman of Boston. 
William S. Appleton of Boston. 

Committee on Lectures and Essays. 

William Reed Deane of Brookline. 
Rev. F. W. Holland of Dorchester. 
Rev. Washington Gilbert of West Newton. 
Thomas Cushing of Boston. 
J. Gardner White of Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond Property and Fund. 

Almon D. Hodges of Roxbury. 
Frederic Kidder of Boston. 
John W. Dean of Boston. 

x * \ i 

s X 


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1 I 1 

1 1 1 

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No. 1. General Israel Putnam was born in Salem, Massachusetts, 7th January, 1718 ; 
he was married at an early age, and removed to Pomfret, Connecticut. In 175.") he 
was appointed captain of a provincial regiment, and served for some time on the fron- 
tiers and in Canada, and rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. On the breaking out 
of the revolutionary war he repaired immediately to Boston, and was appointed a 
major-general. He was engaged in the battle of Bunker's Hill, and held an important 
command till December, 1779, when lie had a paralytic attack, from the effec 
which he suffered till the 29th of May, 1790, when he died at Brooklyn, Connecticut. 

No. 2. Lieutenant Colonel Parker, an American officer. 

No. 3. Samuel MClintock, D. D., was born in Massachusetts, 1733; he graduated 
in 1751 at the college in New Jersey; in 1757 he settled as a minister in Greenland, 
New Hampshire, and died 27th April, 1804. 

No. 4. Major Moore. 

No. 5. Major Knowlton, of the Connecticut troops under Putnam. 

No. 6. Major MClery. 

No. 7. Colonel William Prescott was born at Groton, Massachusetts, in 1726 ; he was 
a lieutenant in the provincial forces at the capture of Cape Breton in 1758, and greatly 
distinguished himself on that occasion. He had the chief command at the battle of 
Bunker's Hill, and was among the last to leave the entrenchments. He resigned his 
commission in 1777, but was present as a volunteer at the capture of Burgoyne by 
Gates, in that year. He died in 1795. 

No. 8. General Joseph Warren was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 1741: he 
received a liberal education, and in a few years became an eminent physician in Boston. 
He was very active in organizing resistance to British oppression, and a prominent 
member of the secret committee raised for that purpose. A few days before the battle 
of Bunker's Hill he was appointed a major-general, but served as a volunteer in the 
battle, and was killed during the retreat. 

No. 9. General Sir William Howe, who succeeded Gage in the command of the Brit- 
ish forces in America, arrived at Boston in May, 1775. He commanded at the Battle 
of Bunker's Hill. In September, 1776, he captured New York. On the 27th Septem- 
ber, 1777, he took possession of Philadelphia, and on the 4th of October defeated the 
Americans at Germantown. In Mav, 1778, he was succeeded by Clinton. He died in 

No. 10. General Sir Henry Clinton. He succeeded General Howe as commander-in- 
chief of the British forces in America, and returned to England in 1782. In 1795 ho 
was governor of Gibraltar, and died soon after. 

No. 11. Major Small, a British officer, and a friend of General Putnam, who saved 
the Major's life in this battle. 

No. 12. Colonel Abercrombie, a British officer, brother of General Sir Ralph Aber- 
crombie. He was killed in the battle. 

No. 13. Major Piteairn was the British officer who shed the first blood at Lexington. 
He was killed at the battle of Bunker's Hill by a negro soldier, as he mounted the par- 
apet during the third attack. 

No. 14. Lieutenant Piteairn, an English officer, (probably brother to the above.) 

No. 15. Lieutenant Lord Jinn-don, born December, 1754, was made adjutant-general 
of the British army in America, 1778 ; in 1780 commanded one wing of Cornwallis's 
army at the battle of Camden; in 1793 was advanced to the rank of major-general ; in 
1812 was appointed governor-general of British India, and died 28th November, L825. 

No. 16. Colonel Thomas Gardner, a native of Brookline, Mass. He was mortally 
wounded while leading his men to reinforce the Americans. 

No. 17. Lieutenant Grosvenor, accompanied by his faithful servant, who Been 
look defiance to the whole British army, and is prepared and determined to be the mes- 
senger of death to any one who may attempt to hurt his young master, who i-; already 
wounded in the sword arm and breast. 

General (then Colonel) Stark, though not designated in the plate, was in the battle 
and at the head of his regiment from New Hampshire, twice compelled the enemy to 
retreat with dreadful loss. General Stark afterwards distinguished himself al tho battles 
of Trenton and Bennington, and at the surrenderof Burgoyne. Sewas a oath 
Londonderrv, New Hampshire. He died May 8, 1822, in the 94th year of his 

Captain (afterwards GeneralJ Henry Knox, at that time a bookseller in Boston, and 
commander of a company of grenadier-, was also in the battle ;i> a \olunt<<r. He 
died in Thomaston, Maine, in 1806, at the age of 56. 



Vol. XV. JULY. 1861. No. 3. 


Finding this diary of a worthy citizen of Boston written upon the margins and blank 
spaces of a series of Almanacs, I thought it might be worth preserving in a more regu- 
lar and legible form. The entries are scattered over the pages wherever a partially 
clear spot could be found, often trenching upon the printed portion. The order of time 
is no! always preserved in the original, but the date is carefully attached to each record. 
The chirography is sometimes obscure, but, with the occasional aid of a magnifying 
glass, not very difficult to decipher. The writer seems to have been a mechanic in 
moderate circumstances, but blessed with numerous and very respectable "Cuzens." 
He was a staunch and active member of the Old South Church — attending all the ex- 
tra services, and faithfully noting the name of the preacher and the text of his dis- 
course. He appears not to have been ambitious of office, and when chosen tythingman 
or constable, obtained his release on the plea of " having no hand except his own," or 
by paying the tine. He must have had a taste for pious literature, as he bought books, 
and, at religious meetings, when the minister was absent, would read a lesson from 
some orthodox commentator. He contributed annually towards the expense of edu- 
cating Joseph Seccomb, brother of the author of "Father Abbey's Will," and himself 
somewhat of a genius; and gave him several works cut of his own limited library. 
His name is also to be found in the list of "Prince's Subscribers," although their his- 
torian has not yet included him in his series of biographical sketches. Another evi- 
dence of literary tendencies may, perhaps, be derived from the fact that, when Frank- 
lin's uncle Benjamin died, who was both an author and a collector, our diarist was one 
of the persons selected to "prize his books." The record of marriages and deaths 
(chiefly the latter) undoubtedly constitutes the principal value of the manuscript, and 
may render it of some use to the genealogist. For this reason, the undersigned re- 
spectfully begs leave to present it to the New England Historic-Genealogical Society. 

March, 1861. S. F. Haven. 


[By the Editor of the Register.*] 

From the Suffolk Probate Records, Book VI., p. 530, we extract the following :— 
The Will of Thomas Bumstead, of Boston, Brazier, made 25 May, 1677, less than a 
month before his decease— mentions "son Jeremy" and three daughters, viz., " Han 
nah Sherwood, now wife of Thomas Sherwood ; Mary Dawes, now wife of Ambrose 
Dawes, and Maryt Bosworth, now wife of Samuel Bosworth." 

In the Registrar's office we find "Thomas Shearer" married Hannah Bumstead 
dau. of Thomas Bumstead, 18 April, 1659. Also a record of the following children 
of Jeremiah and Anna Bumstead : — 

Hannah, b. 24 Nov. 1664. 
Thomas, b. 22 Feb. 1666. 
Mary, b. 30 May, 1668. 
Jeremiah, b. 25 Nov. 1670. 
Sarah, b. 8 Sept. 1674. 

*For the extracts from the Probate and Town Record* he is indebted to his friend 
Mr. Wm. B. Trask. 

t Perhaps one of these Maries should be Mercy. 

194 Diary of Jeremiah Bumstead. [July") 

Children of Jeremiah and Sarah Bumstead : — 

Sarah, b. 15 Aug. 1676. 
Jeremiah, b. 14 Oct. 1678. 
Abigail, b. 4 Nov. 1683. 
Abigail, b. 12 Feb. 1684. 
Thomas, b. 1 Feb. 1686 

The last named Jeremiah was the author of the Diary. [See 14 Oct. 1722, Diary.] 

Jeremiah Bumsted m. Sarah Abraham, 16 June, 1700. 

Jeremiah Bumsted m. Elizabeth Bridges, 8 March, 1704. [See 18 April, 1726, of 

Elizabeth, dau. of Jeremiah and Elizabeth Bumstead, b. 24 Dec. 1705. 

Elizabeth, b. 16 Dec. 1706. [See Diary, 3 Nov. 1726.] 

Jeremiah, b. 26 March, 1708. 

Jeremiah Bumstead m. Bethia Sherrar, 2. Feb. 1726. 

Jeremiah Bumstead m. Sarah Howard, 18 March, 1729. 

John Lambert m. Abigail Bumstead, 25 June, 1713. 

Jeremiah Bumstead, glazier, of Boston, having died intestate, as is found by the 
Probate Records, his widow, Sarah Bumstead, administered, 12 Nov. 1747. 

Our Diarist records his second marriage, to "Bethiah Sherrer," under date 2 Feb. 
1727. The date above should be 1726-7. We do not find any mention of the death 
of his first wife, though under date April 18th, 1726, he mentions her as sick, and that 
Mr. Prince prayed with her, and that she made a request about the bestowal of some of 
her effects. From the above extracts it appears that at the time of his death he had a 
third wife ; his marriage with whom is given above. 

Among the Mass. Archives is a brief record of the father of our Diarist, as is pre- 
sumed : — June 3d, 1685, Jeremiah Bumstead of Boston petitioned the General Court 
for remuneration for losses and wounds "in the late public Calamity by reason of the 
Indian war." 

It appears from Savage's Gen. Dictionary, that Thomas Bumstead of Roxbury "came 
to this land July, 1640, and brought two small children, Thomas and Jeremiah." He 
mentions also "dau. Hannah, b. 25 Jan. 1641." 

By wife Susanna he had Mary, bap. at Roxbury, 24 April, 1642. Removed to Bos- 
ton, and there had Joseph, bap. 24 Nov. 1644, seven days old; Mercy, 20 Jan. 1650; 
Joseph, 24 Oct. 1653. Thomas, the father, died 22 June, 1677. 

I have added a few notes to the Diary, and many more might have been made, but 
it was not thought advisable for reasons unnecessary now to be given. 

Diary of Jer. Bumstead from January, 1722, to January, 1728. 

[From a Series of Almanacs.] 

January 1. Mr. Bullfinch's warehouse burnt att ye long wharf. 

10. Extreme cold for six days. Mr. Capt. Tuttle, Mrs. Hawxworth, 
& Madam Fisher, dyed this month. 

February 2. Mrs. Cutts was delivered of a son about 1 1 o'clock att night. 

17. Shugger Smith's wife dyde ; buryed 21. 

26. My wife and I went to Mr. Seavers. 
March 1. Jere was bound prentice to Mr. Cunningham. 

2. Singing meeting att y e new brick. Mr. Walter Junior preached. 

4. Quarter night. Mr. Cooper preacht att Deacon Williams from Ec- 
clesiastes 3, 12. Gathered 26 pound 15". 

16. 2 load of wallnutt wood. Ye long ll 8 . Ye billitt 12\ 

26. Mr. Cutts came home from sea. 

29. Mr. Thacher preached his first sermon by order of authority — be- 
ing Mr. Weeks' turn properly : & same night Judg Sewall was married 
to Mrs. Gibbs. 

April 7. Mrs. Bassett's daughter Woodly dyed at Neviss, about 6 
hours before David Bassett arrived there from Curiso. 

15. Mr. Waldin came home — on y e Sabbath day in y e affternoon. 

19. A Generall Fast, & Molly Wheler marrid y e same night to Mr. Porter- 

22. Mr. Dramon, y e panell maker, dyed between meetings, of y e small 

186 1.] Diary of Jeremiah Bumstead. J 95 

24. Quarter night att Elliott's. 3 pound 7. gathered. 
Mrs. Nanny Bassett was marryed to Mr. Hide of Norwich. 
May. Mr. Simon Daniell dyed ye beginning of this month. 

3. Mrs. Sarah Franklin* marryed to Mr. Davenport. 

4. Mr. Cunningham to Mrs. Hewett. 

8. Borrowed Mrs. Procter's Saints Rest. 

14. Training affternoon. 

17. I carryd ye cop[y] to Mr. Franklin,! printer, to be printed, att 6 : 
18. & same day paid old Mr. Franklin 40 s . for Jery's Instruction in Car- 

21. Training day affternoon. 

23. Ordination of Mr. Walldron att y e north brick. First Mr. Sewall 
prayed. Dr. C. Mather praeched from 1 John 4 & 7 & Mr. Walldron 
prayed. Dr. I. Mather gave ye charge, & Mr. Wadsworth gave ye Right- 
hand of fellowship. 

30. Mr. Hancok preached y e Election Sermon, from Luke 22, 25. 

31. Singing lecture alt ye new Brick. Mr. Barnard preached from 
those words in Psalms 57, & verses 7 & 8. 

June 1. I delivered Mr. Winnett's letter to Mrs. Bassett's brother. 

6. A letter from Mrs. Bassett after she was informed of the death of her 
daughter. 1 bought a load of wallnut wood, country load, for 9\; Billitt. 

On y e 3d, Quarter night at Deacon Williams'. Mr. Foxcroft preacht 
from 2 Corinthians, 8 chap. 1, 2 & 3 verses. Gathered 25 p. ]0\ 

June 4. On ye 4, Mr. Cooper preached ye Artillery Sermon, from 
Psalm 45, 3, 4, 5. 

11. Mr. Bibbins dyed of a soar throat, & runing of watter from his 
stomak. Laid in 4 cord of oak wood att 16 8 . on ye wharf, 2 8 . cartino-, 
10 s . duty's, 8 d . carrying in, 3=15=4. 

12. Y e Privateer, Popillin, went after y e piratt.J 

19. Meeting att our house. Mr. Cragghead began. Read Manton 1 
Thessalonians 5, 16, second sermon, 4 vol. 

30. Sister Holbrook came from Habana. 

July 4. Mr. Lamb's son Joshua fell off y e Coledg, Stoughton, & dyed 
y e 15 day.§ 

J 1. Sarah went home, & Cuz. Hubbard came. 

12. Mrs. Bassett came, & son Hide. 

14. My camlett coat made ; making 23". 

18. Mrs. Bassett went home. 

23. 6 Indians, taken att Dunstable, brought into Boston. || 

* Sister of the celebrated Dr. Franklin, and dau. of Josiah by Abiah Folger. She 
married Joseph Davenport, as mentioned above, and died 23 May, 1731. Her husband 
was by trade a baker, and lived at the north end of Boston. His emigrant ancestor 
was Thomas Davenport of Dorchester. — Information of Mr. Henry Davenport. 

t James, brother of Dr. Franklin. 

X The name of the captain was Peter Papillon. See Drake's Hist, and Antiqs. Boston, 
558 and 564. 

§ A Funeral Sermon was preached on the occasion of this calamity, by Dr. Cotton 
Mather, which has the by no means uncommon characteristic of similar productions, 
then and now, of giving almost no information relative to the individual of which it is 
the occasion. See a further account of this sermon in Vol. VIII. p. 260 of the Register. 

|| I find no mention of Indians being taken this year at Dunstable. Hut only a few 
days before this they began to attack the people in the eastern parts ; and on the 25th 
of July, war was proclaimed by the government of Massachusetts against "the Eastern 
Indians and their Confederates." Declaration in Penhallow, 88-91. Nothing in Fox's 
Hist, of Dunstable. These Indians and those mentioned in the next line were probably 
seized to prevent their joining the enemy. 

196 Diary of Jeremiah Bums lead. [July? 

25. 15 more brought in from Nashaway. 

26. War proclaimed against y e Indians. I paid to James Franklin 7 
pound for 5 hundred of Mr. Vincents 3 Sermons on forgiveness.* 

30. Mr. Scutts sailed for England. 

August. Y e Duke of Mallbrough to be buryed on y e 2 of this month, 
aged 73. 

5. My turn begins again to take ye oversight of ye boys.t 
7. Sent a letter to sister Sarah. 
9. A generall fast day. 
11. Paid Mr. Toy 28 s '. 3 d . 

14. By Mr. Sumner to Sarah a pork tub. 

15. To Mrs. Frances & her husband. 

27. Sent by Mr. Downes : he sailed on y e 30, in y e morning. 
September 6. Mr. Barrett's daughter dyed on that day she was to be 

marry ed. 

21. A sing lecture att y e north Brick. Mr. Coleman preached from 
those words " They sung a new Song," Revelations 5 & 9. Sung Tate 
& Brady 4 psalms, namely, 108 first, 147 next, 89 next, 98 last, noted by 
titles in that psalm book. 

24. Dr. Perkins drowned in y e mill creek. Training day ; I mended 
or grafTted on a pee^e on y e top of y e Ensign's staff, & ri vetted y e spear 
on again, & stained it for y e company — worth 2 — 6. 

25. A fast at y e old North. 
October 1. Robert Earlle dyed. 

3. Mr. Dixon's 2 d wife dyed. 

14. I 44 years of age. J 

19. A Mohawk dyed here in town.§ 

23. Quarter night att Steven Pain's. Gathered 4=15=0. 18 & 6 in 
my hand before — all to be now disposed of. 14 had 8 s . a peece besides 
pain to Tvving. 

28. Mr. Durgin came home. About this time Mr. Griggs & old Most- 
man || dyed. About this time Mr. Walldron went away. 

October 30. On y e last day of October a Scoonerfi burnt at y e end of 
y e long wharff, & a man burnt in her. 

* Thomas Vincent was "sometimes Minister of Maudlin Milk-street in London." 
Another of his books was reprinted here in 1629, entitled "An Explicatory Catechism : 
or, an Explanation of the Assemblies Shorter Catechism," &c. Its imprint runs — 
"Boston in New England : Printed for D. Henchman, over against the Brick-Meet- 
ing-house in Cornhill, John Phillips, at the Stationer's-Arms, and T. Hancock, at the 
Bible and Three Crowns near the Town-Dock, 1729." Mr. Vincent appears to have 
been very popular Avith the immediate descendants of the Puritans. He was one of the 
"ejected ministers" of whom a good account will be found in the "Nonconformist's 
Memorial," Palmer's edition, in 3 vols., Vol. 1, p. 155. 

t It was a custom to appoint some circumspect man in meeting-houses to keep bows 
in order. Many of these sat by themselves in the galleries, the high pews of which 
made excellent hiding places for those disposed to play. 

} Hence he was born October 14th, 1678. 

§ "Last week one of the Chiefs of the Mohawks lately come to town, died at the 
Royal Exchange Tavern in King street, and was magnificently interred on Friday 
night last. A drawn sword lay on the coffin, and the Pall was supported by six Captains 
of the militia. The gentlemen of the Council followed next the corps, and then the 
Justices of the Town and the commission Officers of the Militia. At last followed four 
Indians, the two hindmost (whom the government had appointed to attend him in his 
sickness) with each a pappoos at her back." — New England Courant, 22 Oct. 1722. 

|| The name Mosman may be found in the Boston Directories for along series of years. 

"[[Schooner ? This is an early mention of a vessel of the name. See Mr. Babson's 
Hist, of Gloucester, 251, &c, for an interesting account of the origin of such vessels. 

1861.] Diary of Jeremiah Bumstead. 197 

November 2. Brother Hollbrook came, & on y e 10 went home. 

8. Thanksgiving, generall. 

11. Mr. Scutts came home from England. 

13. A fast att y e Old South. Forenoon Mr. Cooper prayed & Mr. 
Prince preached & prayed. Afternoon Mr. Webb prayed. Mr. Sewall 
preached and prayed. 

December 1. Quarter night. Dr. Mather preached for Mr. Walldron, 
who should have preached. 39 pound gathered. 


January 15. Quarter night at Basses ; gathered c£4 .9.9. 

February 7. Mr. Scutts sailed for England. I had a pair of Summer, 
& a pair of Winter Shoes this month, of Sterns, at 10 s . a peece, on Mr. 
Warham's account, and a pair mended for Betty, 2\ 

24. Great storm of wind and hail! ; wind att north, ye tide rises in 
Union Street as high up as Mr. Hunt's house — in ye Middle of ye street — 
to ye filling many sellers & loss of abundance of treasure, & spoyling a 
great deal more. 

March 3. Quarter night att Deacon Williams 1 . 33 pound 16 s . 9 d . gath- 
ered. Mr. Wadsworth preached from 13 Hebrews 16. I took for 4 per- 
sons, namely, Lerey, Croxford, Willoughby, Keyes, 7-6 each. 

Jery's mistress delivered of a daughter. 

March 5. Day of fast att Mr. Colemans Church for y e rising genera- 
tion. Mr. Foxcroft prayed in y e afternoon. Mr. Coleman preached from 
1 Chron. 29. 

8. On y e 8, Mr. David Stoddard dyed of consumption — buried on y e 13. 

11. Molly Wheler brought to bed of her first child — a daughtei. 

14. A general fast. 

17. On y e 17 day Mrs. Dawsett* dyed in a fitt, suddenly, in a few 
hours, having fallen on y e floor, & spoke no more — taken at 10 or 11, on 
Satterday, & dyed at 3 in y e Sabbath morning. 

26. Mr. Vrin broke his leg. 

30. I heard of y e death of Mr. Gippson's eldest son y e minister at pe- 
nopsecutt att y e Eastward — he went with y e army.f 

On y e 30 th , about 5 o'clock in y e morning, a fier in Dr. Cook's build- 
ings, near y e long wharf, — 7 or 8 tenements burnt out, as Mr. Buttlop, 
Salter, Man, Mayo, & others. 

31. Mr. Waldron came home from North Carolina. 
April 1. Mr. Powell's house set on fier by a negro. 

7. Mrs. Saunders' daughter Smith dyed. 

10. Mr. FrissellJ dyed suddainly. 

11. Israel Walker dyed suddainly, having been in a fitt, though some- 
time afore sick. 

12. Mr. Bridg, y e Taylor's, house sett on fier, & fier laid in scverall 

* Mrs. Martha Dasset. Foxcroft's Sermon at tlie Funeral of " Dame Bridget Usher," 
p. 1.3.— She was widow of Mr. John Dassett, a well known inhabitant of Boston. See 
Hist. Boston, Index. Mr. Savage says the name Dassct.t is distorted into Deffet in the 
Genealogical Register. Is printing an ancient record as we find it distorting it? Is it 
an honest way thus to reflect on the labors of another— to give the impression thai we 
have distorted a record ? If the maker of that record, through ignorance or any other 
cause, "distorted" a name, is it just to say we did it? 

t A French and Indian war was raging at this time. It is scarcely necessary to ap- 
prise the reader that for Gippson lie should read (Jtbson. 

jFrizzell. Cotton Mather preached his funeral sermon, which was printed. Sec 
Hist, and Antiqs. Boston, 606. 

200 Diary of Jeremiah Bunistead. [July> 

On y e 20 Mr. Gridly took his turn to look after y e boys. 
November 17. I stood in to look after y e boys, Mr. Scolly failing. 

23. Old Mr. Cotta buryed. 

24. Mr. Dupe, y ,} Sadler took y e oversight of y e boys. 

25. I paid Jonathan Seavers for 3 barrills of Sider att 10 s . 1=10=. 

28. A General thanksgiving. 

30. Young Smith, the barber, dyed. Brother Hollbrook went home. 

December 1. Quarter night at Deacon Williams', Mr. Sewall preacht 
from Proverbs 19 chapt., 17 verse ; 64 pound gathered — the largest gath- 
ering that had bin. About 108 persons nominated. 11 s . a peece 1 took, 
for 4, viz., Lery, Willoughby, Croxford, and Keyes. 

5. On y e 5, dyed Ezekel Walker, of y e Jaundize, about 7 weeks sick, 
& Tho 8 . Cottles wife about the same time dyed. 

15. Linnum's wife dyed by a blow on her breast from a man scuffling 
with her husband. 

18. Mr. Joshua Gee ordained at y e Old North Chh. Y e Dr. prayed. 
Mr. Gee preached from 2 Cor. 5 ch. 14 verse, first part. Then Mr. 
Wadsworth prayed. Y- Dr. gave y e charge, with Mr. Wadsworth, Mr. 
Coleman, Mr. YValker ; Mr. Sewall laying on y e hands. Mr. Walker gave 
y c Right hand. 

25. Mr. Willis had 8 — 9 for mending y e top of y e house & y e floor in 
Mr. Scutses, beside y e shingles was found. 

26. I received of Mr. Miers, at y e north, a Round peice of Spechel- 
wood, about 12 foot long, & 3 inches through ; and a piece of Redwood, 
6 foot long and about 4 inches through. 

29. Their first meeting att Mr. Cuttler's new Church, at y e north. A 
great appearance, said to be. 

Mr. Tillee, y e rope maker, took y e oversight of y e boys. 

January 2. Y e Church Saxton, Hays, buryed. Mr. Hill, the varnish- 
er's, son's wife dyed, & buryed y e 5 th day. 

7. 8. About y e 7 or 8, Mr. Ebenezer Clough died. 

8. Mr. Elisha Cook sett saill for England, in Bansow, as Agent for 
New England. 

9. On y e 9, Mrs. Henchman, at y e north, [died] very suddainly. 
26. Mr. Dyer, y e Smith, took y e oversight of the boys. 

28. Quarter night at our house. Gathered 4. — 5. — 0. besides Storys, 
Cunninghams, & Steavens's part. 6 s . I took for Mrs. Eaton. 

February 1. On y e 1. Mr. Valintine, y e lawyer, hanged himself, att 
home, in his upper chamber, with his sash. Mr. Harris, minister, & Mr. 
Auchmutty, giving oath of his distraction, he had a funerall, and was 
buryed in y e Church yard on y e 4 day of y e month. 

2. On y e 2. Mr. Prince baptized Mr. Edward Bromfielu's first child, 
named Edward, it. being y e grandfather's name also. 

5. Mr. Hull Abbot was ordained att Charlestown. Mr. Broadstreet only 
prayed y e first prayer, & that in y e Deacon's Seat. Mr. Abbot preacht 
from Mathew 28 & 20, and then Mr. Thacher of Boston prayed, & Dr. 
Mather gave y e charge, & with Mr. Wadsworth, Mr. Thacher, Mr. Sewall, 
laid on hands, & Mr. Wadsworth gave y e Right hand of fellowship. 

On y e 5, after 9 att night, Mrs. Cutts was delivered of a girl. 

6. Brother Holbrook's son came. 

13. I bought a hogshead of oak coal, att 6 d .; it held 8J bushels; & one 
hogshead y e beginning of winter; 2 in all, this winter, & 3 cords of oak 

1861.] Diary of Jeremiah Burnstead. 201 

wood, alt 18. & 10 d . on ye wharff last August, on y° 10 day ; & since 
one load of wallnut 4 foot length of a Country cart, for 10?; & one on ye 
4 of March ; next another load of same 1 8 . & about y e beginning of April 
following £ a cord of white oak att Mr. Wentworths for 11 s . home. 

23. Mr. Dupe, y e Cooper, took v e oversight of y e boys. 

27. Mr. Cutts sailed for England. 

March 1. Quarter night att Deacon Williams. Mr. Prince preached 
from Acts y e 10 & 4. 55 pound gathered. 1 took for 4, viz., Lery, Wil- 
loughby, Croxford, & Keys, 9 s . a peece. 

2. I was chose this month, y e second time, Tythingman. Old Madam 
Lilly dyed this week. 

3. David Masson buryed, & Madam Lilly this week. 
5. On y e 5. Brown buryed — y e Joiner. 

17. Mr. Waldron came home from y bay. 
19. Mr. Thing dyed, that keept the Star Tavern.* 

22. Mr. Winburn took y e oversight of y e boys, & offers to do it wholly 
for 10 pound a year. 

30. Mr. Vincentf y e weighter dyed. 

31. Cuzen Hubbard came. Old Mr. Nicholls, Joiner, dyed. 

April 9. A ship from London, one Underdown, 6 weeks passage from 
thence, & news of Mr. Elisha Cook's arrivall there, in 28 days from hence. 

About y e 9 or 10, Old Mr. Fisher dyed. 

10. On y e 10, in y e morning about 5, old Mr. Connabell, y e Joiner, 
dyed, & buryed on y e 13 day, aged 74 years 3 months 15 days. 

14. One Mr. Bassett ordained att Mr. Coleman's Church to go to South 

21. Hope FosterJ hanged himself on y e stairs of his cockloft, with a 
bag round his neck under y e rope, early in y e morning, and was buryed 
privately y e same night. 

21. Our Quarter night att Jon: Willetts, I took for 2, 5 s . apeese. 4. — 
3 — 0. was gathered. Story, Adams, & Cunningham wanting then. 

This Spring I had my gray coat turned, he finding all, (that is Mr. 
Tinne) & on y e 29 my sutte of Devonshire Kerrsy ; y e coat making 25 8 ., 
& 8 doz. of buttons att l a . — 8 s for coat & breeches &; briches making 6* 
& 3 s . for 2 leather pocketts in each side, & 10 s . for y e jackett making, & 
l 8 . 2 d . shalloon for knee strings; y e whole at Mr. Tinny's 4. — 7. — 2.; & 
1 paid him in money 1. — 3. — 2. day 29, which was what was then due to 
him of 4. 7. 2. 

May 3. On y e 3, y e Reverend Mr. John Leveritt, Vice president of 
Harvard Col ledge, having went well to bed, was found dead in y e morn- 
ing, being Sabbath day ; & buryed on y e 6 day at Cambridge. 

3. On y e 3, y e pirate Sloope was brought in by some captive men that 
rose and tost y e master mate over board, & knocked down Phillips y e Capt., 
cutt of his head, & v e head of Burrill, having chapt him down with an 
ax, & the gunner with an adds. Phillip's & BurrilPs heads were brought 
to Boston in pickle.§ 

7. On the 7 th of May, 1721, I took y e oversight of the hoys, &; it is 
now 3 years since. 

* Tn Hanover Street, corner of Link Alloy. 

tThi< was Mr. Ambrose Vincent. He died suddenly in the street, falling down as 
he was returning home from a visit. See Hist, and Antiqs. Boston, 572. 
\ Hopestill Foster. ' 
\ Other particulars in Hist, and Antiqs., Boston, 570. 

202 Diary of Jeremiah Bumstead. [J^y 5 

10. Justice Loyd dyed ; buryed on y e 15. 
22. Uncle Whetmore dyed. 

June 1. On y e 1, Mr. Thear preacht y e artillery election Sermon, from 
Timothy, " fight y e good fight of faith." 

2. On y e 2. Rose Archer, & White, 2 Piaratts hangd att y e ferry. Mr. 
Webb wallkt with them & prayed thare : their death flagg was set on the 

6. Mr. Jonathan Jackson promised 8 pound more towards printing 
againe y e Book of forgiveness. 

7. Quarter night att Deacon Williams'. Mr. Wadsworth preacht from 
Titus 3 & 8. 53 pound gathered. 1 took for 4, viz., Croxford & Keys, 
Lery & Willoughby, 9 s . apeice. 

8. My wife & Jery & Betty, David Cunningham & his wife, & 6 more, 
went to y e castle to Governors Island, & to see y e piratte in Gibbits att 
Bird Island.* 

12. Informed Mrs. Cutts & Mrs. W 7 aldron of paying 10 pound a year. 

24. David Cunningham dyed in y e afternoon, of a fever, about 9 days 
from his being first taken ; & buryed on y e 26 day ; carryed on y e byer. 

July 1. Noah Hubbard took his first Deggree. 

2. Mr. Baxter preacht y e Lecture from Proverbs 16. 16. former part. 

8. Pictures covered. Jery's bed brought. 

21. Mr. Moody of York was here, having been att Providence ever 
since y e Election, & going homeward this day. 

25. Mrs. Cutts left our house and moved to fort-hill, att Mr. Gales. 
August 4. Mr. Walldron sailed for Curraso. 

11. Mr. Sewall was chosen to be y e president. 

22. 28 Indian scalps brought to Boston ; one of w c was Bombazens, 
and one fryer Railes.t 

24. Mr. Lackey took of Wheler their end of y e house att 10 pound a 

September 4. Mr. Balys widow (died) aged 59. Mrs. Thatcher, of 
Milton, dyed about this time. 

16. A letter from Dr. Caliamy.J 

20. Governor Gurdon Saltonstal, of Connecticut, dyed suddenly. 

October 5. Cuzen Jepson's wife dyed about 5 a clock in y e morning, 
aged 48 years. 

6. Old" Mr. Lackey dyed aged about 83 or 84. 

13. Cuzen Winsor Sherrod§ dyed of a consumption, & buryed on y e 
16. He was between 22 & 23 years of age. 

15. Capt. Francis Parnel, Lieut. Collonel of y e Troop, dyed. 

20. Quarter night at Zackery Thears'. I took for 2, namely, Eaton & 
Keys, 7 s . a peece. Y e gathering was 5=3=0. 

21. Mr. Cary, y e brewer, dyed, & Mr. Briggs son. 

* A considerable island when the country was first settled, and was so probably at 
this time, but seventy years later (1794) it had so worn away by the action of the cur- 
rents, that it was only visible at low water. It has long since entirely disappeared. 
See Hist, and Antiqs., Boston, 804, and Index. It was but about one mile from Long 

t Result of the expedition against Norridgewock under Col. Moulton. See Book of 
the Indians, 310, ed. 11th, and authorities there cited. The name of "Fryer Railes " 
was usually pronounced RaUe. The French historian, Charlevoix, wrote it Basle. 
Hist. Gen. de la Nouv. France, II., 280. 

X Probably the eminent Dr. Edmund Calamy of London, the author of the well 
known work " Nonconformist's Memorial. " He died in June, 1732, at his residence in 
Old Palace Yard. § Sherwood. 

1861.] Diary of Jeremiah Bumstead. 203 

On y e 18 of this month, 1722, dyed, Cuzen Wells of Brantry ; and his 
wife on y e 25 of this month 1724, he under fifty, she above. 
November 5. Thanksgiving. 

22. One y e 22 a fier broke out about sunsett on y e other side of mill 
bridge, next to Mr. Jackson's, carpenters, but soon stopped. 

23. »A great storm at S. E.; did a great deal of damage to y e vessels at 
y e Long wharff, in breaking their heads & starns.* 

24. Sir. Turingf ordained att Mistic. 

News came this month of David Bassett's Death in y e West Indies. 
He & another. Their throats were cutt on board his vessel when asleep 
on y e hay on y e quarter deck, in y e day time, 17 August last. 

December 5. Jery's Mrs. brought to bed of a second child, a son. 

6. Quarter night att Deacon Williamses. Mr. Foxcroft preacht on those 
words in Acts " It is more blessed to give than to receive." A dark and 
dirty night. The Company fell short of their number, but the gathering, 
notwithstanding, was 54 pounds 16 s . 9 d . Y e objects of charity were now 
115. I took for 4. viz., Lery, Willoughby, Croxford & Keys, 9 s each. 

8. I bought 2 piggs, 146 weight, att 4.J d , & a shilling over in y e whole; 
which came to 2. — 15 — 9. And of y e same persons att Bellingham 2 
bushells of Indian meal att 6 — 6. — 13 — 0. 

11. David Cunningham's widow married| to David Norton, Ship Car- 

13. Mr. Sewall preacht his first sermon on y e 22 Psalm & 24. 

24. I paid Mr. Wentworth in money 1 — 5 — 10, att my shop, it being y c 
whole of what I owed, or remained due to him for wood this winter. 

25. A cry of fier by break of day at Steven Willis, by y e crick — but 
soon stopped. 

January 10. Mr. Thomas Walker, minister of Roxbury, and assistant 
to his father Mr. Neamiah Walker, dyed of a consumption ; on y e 14 he 
was buryed. 

12. Mr. Knight, merchant, dyed ; and he was buryed on y e 15 th . 
Quarter night at Eliott's — gathered 5. — 0. — 0. 

14. Mr. N 11 Green's eldest son dyed of a pluracy fever; & buryed on 

y e 18- 

15. I went to Mr. Thacher's of Milton, & paid him for those 16 books 
of Mr. Balys I had that are sett down perticularly on y e other side of y e 
receitt he gave me for money paid 2=8=11. 

22. Mr. Gibbs, y e painter, dyed. 

February 10. Bought 3 hoggsheads of coall this winter y e 3 d . on Feb. 
10, of Mr. Mills of Needham ; being y e ballans of his load at 6'. which 
filled y e hoggshead, being 9 bushells, most of it swamp coall. 

Between y e 20 th of this month & y e 4 th of March, 4 considerable 
snows — hardly such a snow all y e winter before. 

27. About this time Mrs. Arnold dyed. 

March 5. Mr. Gilles Ballard dyed, & buryed on y e 9. 

7. Quarter meeting att Dea. Williams. Mr. Checkly preacht from Ro- 
mans chap. 15, verse 26. Gathered 59 po=ll. I took for 4, viz., Lery, 
Willoughby, Croxford & Keys, 10*. a peece. 

* More particularly noticed in the Hist, and Anfi</s. Ihston, 571. 
t Mr. Ebenezcr Tiirell, doubtless, who married a daughter of Dr. Colman of Brattle 
Street Church. 
{May 4th, 1722. "Mr. Cunningham" married Mrs. llewett. See ante. 

204 Diary of Jeremiah Bumstead. \}^Yi 

9. 10 Indian scallps brought in & in y e next month, April, 2 more In- 
dians killed by a. lad of 17 years of age & their scalps brought to to vn,& 
25 pound in money paid him down, and y e remainder of y e 2 hundre 1 put 
out to use for him by y e authority. Mr. Lovell was y e captain that brought 
in those 10 scalps, who afterwards was killed in another fight. 

1 was this month chose, y e 3 (l time, to y e office of a Tithingmark 

April. News of Mr Will Clark's son y« eldest death in y e West Indies, 
& young Ings in Jamecoo. 

21. Mr. Dixwell,* Elder of y e New North Church, dyed of a feaver, 
which much seazed his head — lay about a week — aged 44 years ; & 
buryed on y e 23 day. 

29. Y e Lecture turned into a fast, moved by our Lieutenant Governor 
Dummer to y e ministers on y e account of considerable number of Indians 
that we hear are come over the lake. 

May 1. 2 letters received from Abigail. 

7. Young John Edwards, Book binder, dyed. 

8. Capt. Lovell and his lieutenant Farewell killed in a fight they had 
with y e Indians. . 9. Young Nease Sallter dyed. 

10. Two trainings this month, 10 day & on 17 — Jere's first appearance 
in arms. 

14. A young man newly come from England, employed as a Book 
keeper to a merchant, hanged himself in a weare house att y e further end 
of Woodmancy's wharrT. 

June 6. Quarter night att Deacon Williamses. Mr. Walldron preacht 
from Pslams 24 & 1. Y e gathering was made by that y e clock struck 8. 
Y e sum of which was 76=8=6. Y e greatest gathering that had bin yett, 
on that occasion — 16 pound cast by one hand. 1 took for 4, viz., Croxford 
& Keys, Lery & Willoughby, Each 13 s . a peece, which was 2=12=0. 

7. Mr. Checklyf preacht to y e artillery from 2 Samuel, 22, 35, " he 
teacheth my hands to war." Not an hour in sermon & last singing. 

16. Mr. Wadsworth chosen to be y e president of Harvard Colledge. 
For his going 66 yeas, 16 nays against it. (He accepted and went in July.) 

19. I paid to Mrs. Elizabeth Pearce, of Woburn, twenty shillings in 
money, & ten I paid last summer, as part of y e principall I borrowed, 
which was 6 pound in y e year 1709 June 24 ; & 7 s . a year was paid as 
interest till last year. So that now there remains only four pound ten 
shillings as principall, to be paid as I can pay it. (On May 26, 1727, I 
paid as principal to Mrs. Pearce, 10 s . Aug. 24, 1728, 5 s . Oct. 3, 1729, 
15 s . July 3, 1731, 10 s . Dec. 1, 1732, 10 s . June 23, 1733, 15 s .) 

(To be Continued.) 

=* Probably John Dixwell, father of the John, the subject of the following obituary : — 
" On the 14th inst., |May, 1749] died here much lamented, and on the 16th was decently 
interred (the Gentlemen Cadets among whom he was an Officer, attending the Funeral,) 
Mr. John Dixwell, aged 31 years, a considerable dealer in the Ironmongery way, a young 
gentleman exceedingly beloved and esteemed for his many good Qualities by all his 
Acquaintance. He was son to Mr. John Dixwell, late of this place, and grandson to 
John Dixwell of the Priory of Folkstone in the County of Kent, Esq., who came over 
into New England about the year 1660, and settled at New Haven in Connecticut; he 
hath left Issue, one son and a daughter. — Independent Advertiser, 22 May, 1749. 

Mr. Savage has a very crooked passage about a John Dixwell which he supposed he 
had found early at Dorchester. Had he referred to the original record instead of a very 
bad lithographic copy of a certain list of names, his passage might have been made 
very straight, and without bewilderment to any one. 

t Rev. Samuel Checkley of the New South Church. 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 205 


[By Hon. William Willis.] 
[Continued from page 104] 

The Second Series relates wholly to the East. Both parts are illustra- 
ted by maps and engravings of the compilers, viz. : the father, Theodore 
de Bry, born at Leige in 1528, and his son, John Theodore, born at Leige, 
1561, and John Israel. They were all engravers. The work was com- 
menced by the father, who died in 1598, and was continued and illustrated 
by his sons.* 

Some estimate may be formed of the appreciation of this celebrated 
collection by the language of the ardent Bibliographer, Dr. Dibden, who 
exclaims, in his " Library Companion, 1 ' " What a bibliographical cord 
am I striking, in the mention of the travels of De Bry! What a peregri- 
nation does a copy of his labors imply! What toil, difficulty, perplexity, 
anxiety, and vexation attend the collector, be he young or old, who sets 
his heart on a perfect De Bry! How many have started forward in this 
pursuit vviih gay spirits and well replenished purses, but have turned from it 
in despair, and abandoned it in utter hopelessness of achievement.'" Alli- 
bone, under Hakluyt, says, that the most complete set of De Bry in exist- 
ence is in the collection of Mr. James Lenox of New York, obtained at 
an expense of not less than c£4,000. 

Before leaving Holland, we must advert to another Dutch writer, who 
was the author of many valuable works. John de Laet was a native of 
Antwerp, and died in that city in 1649. His work relating to America, 
entitled " Novus Orbis, Seu Descriptionis India Occidentalism Libri 
XVIII, cum Tabulis et Figuris" was published at Ley den in J 633, folio. 
It was written in Latin, and translated into French and Flemish. The 
subject of the first book was the Isles of the Ocean ; of the second, New 
France; of the third, Virginia, including New York and New England; 
fourth, Florida; fifth, New Spain, and so on. The twelfth book is an 
abridgement of Herrera's General History of the Indies. The map of 
New France, given in the work, embraces Newfoundland and the whole 
Continent south of it to Cape Cod, and both sides of the St. Lawrence as 
far west as Lake Champla'm. Norembega is put down as a country on 
both sides of the river Pentegovet. He calls the natives who lived about 
Port Royal, in Nova Scotia, Souriquois, whose language, he says, is dif- 
ferent from that of the natives of Canada and New France. He gives 
to the river St. Croix, the name of the " River of the Etchemins," because 
the tribe of those Indians lives there; he describes them as resembling 
the Souriquois in shape and manners but not in language. The eleventh 
book of I. 18, is headed " Du F/euve Pemtegouet, que plusicurs cstiment 
etre Norumbique," and observes, many have written in past times many 
fables of the celebrated city and river Norembega, called by the savagea 
Agguncia: the French call the river Pentagouet ; the English, Penobscot. 

*Vcrtue, in Walpole's catalogue of Engravers, 3, 853, Bays, "Vc Bry rut the 
curious plates describing the maimers and fashions of the Virginians in the BruJ 
and True Report of the New found fjind of Virginia, published bj Thomas Hariot, 
vant to Sir Walter Raleigh, and employed by him in the discovery. The cuts wen- 
made at De Bry's own expense, from drawing, of J. White, who was sent thither fur 
that purpose." 

206 A Bibliographical Essay. [July, 

He finds no authority for past voyagers writing such magnificent things of 
this city of Norumbega. He speaks briefly of the Kennebec river, Casco 
bay, and more fully of the Saco, and of the beautiful island, called by the 
French the "Isle of Bacchus," and by us, he says, that is the Dutch, 
" Wyngaerden Eylandt," Wine garden Island, having upon it great quan- 
tities of vines and nuts. This no doubt refers to Wood Island, at the 
mouth of the Saco. 

This work of De Laet had a high reputation, and has furnished ample 
materials to modern Geographers and Historians. Charlevoix says, " It 
is full of excellent researches respecting the establishment of Europeans 
in America, and on natural history." It was also distinguished for the 
sharp controversy it occasioned, especially with Grotius, on the origin of 
the aborigines of this continent. Grotius contended that the Americans 
were of recent origin, and had passed over from Europe. De Laet main- 
tained that they had long been occupants of the country, and went there 
from all parts of the world. 

Holland contributed still another work to the cause of discovery and 
adventure in America. In 1597 Wytfliet published an Atlas, containing 
19 maps relating to America. These valuable maps delineated the condi- 
tion of the continent and islands as they were then known. 

In 1601 Herrera published at Madrid, in Spanish, his great work, enti- 
tled " Historia General de las lndias Occidentales," brought down to 
1555. lis English title is the "General History of the Acts of the Castil- 
ians in the Islands and Firme lands of the Ocean Sea," &c. It is accu- 
rate and reliable, has been often republished, and has furnished a great 
supply of materials for modern historians. His office of Historiographer 
of the Indies, says Irving, opened to him the most authentic documents, 
of which he freely availed himself. No Spanish historian, he adds, has 
since arisen to contest the palm with Herrera, until the close of the last 
century, when Juan Bautista Munoz was commissioned by the government 
to prepare a history of the New World, only one volume of which he 
lived to complete. Herrera also published histories of several parts of 
Europe, and died in 1625, with the justly deserved reputation of an accu- 
rate and learned scholar. 

Navarrete, one of the most illustrious of Spanish authors, has in the 
present century reproduced the old narratives, shedding upon them a flood 
of light from unedited manuscripts in the archives of Spain. His collec- 
tion of the voyages and discoveries of Spaniards in the 15th century, with 
various unpublished documents relating to the navigation of the Spaniards, 
was issued at Madrid, in five volumes quarto, in 1825 to 1837. He also 
published Relations of the four voyages of Columbus, with divers letters, 
unedited documents and extracts from the Spanish archives. A French 
translation of this work was published in Paris, 3 vols, octavo, in 1808. 

We have thus far presented a summary review of the principal collec- 
tions of voyages and travels published in the 16th and early in the 1 7th 
centuries, originating in the discovery of America, and the spirit of ad- 
venture which existed in that age. Copious materials were now rapidly 
gathering; movements toward colonization were hastening to maturity ; 
the period of discovery was to be followed by permanent occupation; new 
states were to be founded on the virgin soil and in the trackless forests of 
the new found world. The adventurers in these enterprises were finding 
tongues and pens; narrative and relation and speculation followed in rapid 
succession the footsteps of the hardy pioneers and explorers. We cannot 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 207 

accompany them : a discourse is too limited for the briefest notice of the 
thickly issuing publications from the presses of England and the Conti- 
nent: we must therefore be content to select a few of the works more im- 
mediately connected with our own portion of the country. 

In 1602, John Brereton, who was a companion of Gosnold, published 
his " Brief and true relation of the discoveries in the north part of Vir- 
ginia, by Bartholomew Gosnold, Gilbert, and others, in small quarto. 
This valuable tract has been reprinted by the Mass. Hist. Soc. in the 8th 
volume of their third series. 

In 1605 the narrative of George Weymouth's voyage the same year to 
the coast of Maine, was published in small quarto, black letter, in London, 
by James Rosier. It has been several times reprinted, the last time by 
George Prince of Bath, in connection with his argument to prove that the 
river visited by Weymouth was the St. George, and not Penobscot or 
Kennebec, as contended by others. 

Les Escarbot's very valuable and rare work on Du Monts' voyages was 
first published at Paris, in small octavo, in 1609; of this work, particularly 
interesting to Maine, I shall speak more particularly in my closing re- 
marks, and present some portions of it, on account of its rarity and its 
local application. 

Capt. John Smith's New England appeared in 1616, and presents us 
with the name which the country has ever since borne, illustrated by a 
map, which has been a constant subject of reference. Previous to that 
publication the country had borne the general name of North Virginia, by 
English authorities, and by the French, New France and Acadia. After 
the introduction of the new name, the title of Norumbega, which had 
been applied to the eastern portion, gradually went out of use. 

Various discourses and descriptions of Newfoundland appeared about 
the same time, written by Richard Whitcombe and others. Whitcombe 
was an ardent adventurer to that island, and was called the father of New- 
foundland, as Smith was of Virginia, and Champlain of Canada. He 
says, that the island was as familiar to him as his own country, having 
been employed more than forty years in making voyages to it. 

In 1613, 1620, and 1622, appeared the voyages of Champlain, entitled 
"The voyages to New France, called Canada, made by the Sieur de 
Champlain Xaintongeois, Royal Captain in the Navy. His first voyage 
to New France was made in 1603, of which he gave an account. His 
second was with Du Monts, the next year. These most valuable produc- 
tions are from a man who had every opportunity to know of what he 
wrote, and the sagacity to comprehend the subject. He was the founder 
and defender of Canada, a brave officer, and an accomplished man ; the 
lake he discovered, and the works he has left, will forever perpetuate his 
memory. He was born in Saintonge, about 1570, and died in Quebec, 
1635. He was a favorite of Henry IV, from whom he received the 
office and title of Lt. General of Canada and Norumbega. 

The students of our early history are under great obligations to the 
Catholic missionaries who followed the earliest footsteps of colonization 
to this continent. Their Relations furnish us with most valuable docu- 
ments on the condition and history of the country. The order of the 
Recolfets was the first to enter upon the mission to New Prance, and oc- 
cupied the field several years, until they were superseded by the more 
active and persevering order of Jesuits. 

208 A Bibliographical Essay. [Jutyj 

The Recollets were reformed Franciscans, or strict observers of the 
rules of St. Francis. Before their appearance, the Franciscans had be- 
come quite loose in their principles and practice. A revolution among 
them commenced in Spain, in 1484, and the Reformers assumed the name 
of the Minor Brothers of the strict observance of St. Francis : the new 
order spread through the Catholic church in Europe. The Brother Ga- 
briel Sagard, in 1686, published at great length, an account of this order 
in Canada and its operations there. 

But neither the works nor the writings of these first missionaries can 
compare with those of the Jesuits, whose indefatigable labors weie every- 
where crowned with eminent success. 

The Relations of the Jesuits were commenced in 1633, by the publica- 
tions of Father Paul le Jeune's relation ; and they were continued almost 
yearly until 1672. Rich, in his catalogue, says, that a complete collec- 
tion of these Relations is not to be found, even in the Royal Library of 
Paris. The style of them is extremely simple, but this simplicity has 
contributed, no less than their curious and edifying matter, to give them 
celebrity. F. Paul le Jeune was Superior of the Missions in New France, 
from 1632 to 1641 inclusive. In 1632 he arrived in Canada, and the 
next year commenced a series of communications to the Provincial of the 
Council of Jesus, at Paris, of whatever of interest took place in the 
country where their missions were established. 

These communications were not confined to the religious movements of 
the missionaries, but extended to all matters which concerned the political 
condition, the resources, natural history, and general welfare of the colo- 
ny, as well as the customs and operations of the Indians. Father Barthel- 
emy Vimont, the successor of Le Jeune, continued these communications, 
and was followed by his successors. The Relations were printed regularly 
in Paris, as they were received, and form the most authentic source of in- 
formation on all the subjects of which they treat. 

These were collected and printed from the original issues, at Quebec, 
in 1858, under the auspices of the Canadian government, in three large 
octavo volumes, in double columns, in the French language, under the 
title, as we translate it, " The Relations of the Jesuits, containing what 
is most remarkable in the missions of the Fathers of the Company of 
Jesus in New France, from 1632 to 1672.'" The work not only includes 
the transactions from 1632, but goes back to 1611, and furnishes us with 
a verv inte resting narrative of the movements of Biard and Masse, the 
first missionaries of the Company in Acadia and Maine, embracing the 
establishment in 1613 of the Mission of St. Saviour, on the island of Mount 
Desert. The zealous Madame Guercheville, the ardent patroness of Indian 
missions, succeeded, in 1611, in fitting out an ample expedition to propa- 
gate the Catholic faith, and convert the heathen on our shores. The 
large company, with Biard and Masse, arrived at Port Royal* in June of 
that year; and two years after, having received from their patroness rein- 
forcements, they proceeded to found a mission on the shores of the Pe- 
nobscot river. But baffled by storms and fog, and the mutiny of the 
crew of their vessel, they put into a cove on the eastern side of Mount 
Desert, where " in a large and beautiful harbor," as Biard describes it, 
they concluded to establish their mission. They constructed their fort, 
erected their mission-house, and made the necessary preparation for a 

* Now Annapolis in Nova Scotia. 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 209 

permanent occupation. But being accidentally discovered by Argal, in a 
war vessel from Virginia, he claimed the territory as under British jurisdic- 
tion,, and entirely destroyed the settlement, taking its occupants prisoners 

Another work, still more extensive than the " Relations," but of simi 
lar character, was commenced in the early part of the 18th century, unde 
the title of " Lettres Edifiantes el Curieuses Ecrites des Missions etran 
geres par quelques Mission aires de la Companie de Jesus." The publi 
cation of this great work was commenced in the beginning of that cen 
tury, at Paris. Another ( dition, begun in 1717, was completed in 1776 
in 34 volumes. An abridgment, in eight octavo volumes, was published 
in Paris, in 1808-9, and another in 14 volumes, at Lyons, in 1819. 
Others, which were published earlier, are rare. These letters are not, as 
the " Relations 1 ' are, confined to affairs in this country, but are communi- 
cations from all parts of the world, into which the Catholic church, with 
pious zeal, sent her devoted servants. But North America is ably repre- 
sented in them. The 10th volume, printed in 1712, contains a letter from 
Father Gabriel Mariot, describing a voyage made by him, with Iberville, 
to Hudson's Bay, in 1694. Volumes 17 and 23, contain letters from 
Father Rale, dated at Norridgewock, in Maine, describing the mission at 
that place, the condition of his wild flock, and his various wanderings 
among the different tribes. The work is extremely valuable, and much 
of it has a particular interest for our people. 

Mr. Kip, now Bishop of California, published in 1846, in a duodecimo 
volume, a translation of Rale's letters, with several others from different 
parts of our country. Mr. Shea, of New York, has recently published a 
translation of some of the Relations of the Jesuits, and proposes to con- 
tinue a work so well begun. 

Another writer, who had considerable reputation in his day, was Peter 
Heylin, from 1600-1662. His Cosmographie, in four books, a second 
edition of which was published in 1657, contained the " Chorographic and 
Historie of the whole world," which had a wide circulation; a copy of 
it is in the library of Bowdoin College. Heylin was a man of singular 
gifts, of a sharp\vit, a clear and solid judgment, and a voluminous writer. 

About the same time, 1658, appeared Sir Ferdinando Gorges' "America 
painted to the Life," setting forth the experiences of that ardent friend 
of American colonization, — published by his grandson, — who informs us 
in his title page, that he "hath much enlarged it, and added several accu- 
rate descriptions of his own." 

In 1671 appeared in folio, at London, "Ogiiby's America," which the 
author, who was born in Edinburg in 1600, styles the " latest and most 
accurate description of the New World," having a very copious title page, 
enumerating the various contents of the book. He was appointed by 
Charles II, Cosmographer, and published many works on various and 
diverse subjects, among which was a large Atlas, in several folio volumes : 
he died in 1676. The matter in his volume on America, which relates 
to the country between New York and Labrador, including Canada, is 
embraced in 40 pages. He speaks of Norumbega, " as lying between 
Nova Scotia northerly, and New England southerly, and is so utterly not 
taken notice of as a distinct province, that it might seem to be swallowed 
up and lost in the two countries between which it lies, or at least to he thoughl 
part of NewEngland, and that so much the rather because the Bessabees, 
accounted by Sanson d'Abberville an ancient people of New England. 
are written to have lived near the river Penobscot, or as some will have 

210 A Bibliographical Essay. [Juty 

it, Norumbega ; from which, or a certain great city of that name, the 
country, from fancy's sake, must needs be denominated. But since we 
rind it most commonly named and treated apart, it will not be improper to 
follow that method, carrying the bounds of New England no further 
northward than the river Quinnebequi or Sagadahoc, and so determining 
the main part of this country to that place, between the aforesaid river 
and Pemptegovet, except a small southerly portion on the banks of the 
river Chauacovet, (Saco.) " As for the towns or cities," he adds, " of this 
Province, there is but a very uncertain account to be given, for as much 
as the pretended great city of Norumbega, from whence the Province 
should take its name, is not acknowledged by any of the most authentic 
modern writers, nor in any late voyage or discovery, is any mention made 
either of that or any other considerable town or city. Dr. Heylin sup- 
poses it to be no other than Agguncia, a poor little village, that seems 
composed of a company of huts or sheaves, covered with the skins of 
beasts, or the bark of trees. But the most favorable conjecture is, that it 
might haply be the ruins of an ancient town, which the natives called 
Arembeck, and had deserted it long before the arrival of the Europeans 
in those parts; however, it is not very probable that the name of the 
country should be derived from this city, if there ever were any such, or 
from the river, which appears to have been termed Norumbega, on pur- 
pose to make way for this derivation ; whereas Pemtegoet is the ancient 
appellation that properly belongs to it." 

In 1672, M. Denys published in Paris, in 2 volumes 8vo., a very valua- 
ble work, "Description Geographique et Historique des Costes de VAmer- 
ique Septentrional e ; avec Vkistoire natnrelle du Pays. Par M. Denys 
Gouverneur, JJ General pour le Roy et Proprietaire de toutes les terres 
et isles qui sont depuis le Cap Campreaux jusques Au Cap des Rosiers." 
This able man long exercised jurisdiction over the whole territory from 
the St. Lawrence to the Penobscot, to which he applied the name of 
Acadia; making a wise use of his power, and a permanent and creditable 
record of the condition of the country. 

Baron La Hontan's " New Voyages to North America, containing a 
dictionary of the Algonkin language, with 23 maps and notes, was written 
in French and originally published in Paris. An English translation was 
published in London, 2 vol. 8vo., in 1703. The work is not altogether 
reliable. La Houtan was Lord Lieut, of the French Colony at Placentia 
and Newfoundland. 

In 1702 John Harris commenced the publication, at London, of his 
Collection of Voyages, in folio. Another edition appeared in 1726,2 vols, 
folio, six years after the death of Harris ; this was republished in 1744 to 
'48, with a continuation by Dr. John Campbell, and contained narratives 
from more than 600 writers from Columbus to Anson, and was compiled 
from Ramusio, Hakluyt, Purchas, De Bry, Herrera, &c. Rich says of it, 
"It appears to have been got up in competition with Churchill's collection, 
but differs entirely from it, being a history of all the known voyages and 
travels; whereas Churchill is a collection of some particular relations and 
histories." Dibdin, in his Library Companion, bestows high commenda- 
tion on Harris. Harris lived from 1667 to 1719, and was the author of 
several works, but died in poverty. 

Churchill's collection was the work of Ownsham and John Churchill ; 
the 1st edition appeared at London, in 1704, in 4 vols. fol. Several edi- 
tions were subsequently printed. Locke's catalogue, which is contained 
in the 6th vol. of the edition of 1752, is a valuable summary of the prin- 

186 1.] A Bibliographical Essay. 211 

cipal voyages and travels. The work contains but little relating to the 
northern part of America. The collection is highly spoken of by some 
discriminating authors. Richarderie, in his Universal Library of Voya- 
ges, Paris, 1808, says : " it is very valuable ; its place cannot be supplied 
by recurring to the original works, as a great 'part of them are first pub- 
lished in it from the Mss." Bishop Warburton also commends it to the 
student in his directions for study. 

I ought not to omit referring to one other work, particularly valuable in 
the history of Maine. It is entitled " The memorials of the English and 
French Commissaries concerning the limits of Nova Scotia or Acadia, 
printed at London in 1755, in 2 vols, quarto." By the 12th article of the 
treaty of Utrecht, concluded April 11, 1713, it was agreed that the French 
should deliver to Great Britain the island of St. Christopher, and all Nova 
Scotia or Acadia, with its ancient boundaries, &c, and the fisheries on the 
coast. A disagreement arose as to these boundaries and rights, which 
were elaborately discussed by these commissaries in 1752 and '53, 40 
years after the treaty, having been a subject of constant dispute during 
that time. It was never settled, and was only ended by the conquest 
which gave Great Britain exclusive possession of the territories of France 
on this continent. The work contains a summary of the discovery, col- 
onization and history of the country, and the contradictory conclusions 
drawn from the facts by the contending parties. The English commis- 
saries were Gov. Wm. Shirley of Massachusetts, and W. Mildmay; the 
French were, La Galissoniere and de Silhouette. The 1st vol. only re- 
lates to the continent, and is a valuable compend of historical facts. 

I cannot better close my retrospect of the old voyagers, and their col- 
lectors, than in the language of Allibone, in his admirable Dictionary of 
Authors. He says : " The American student, especially, should procure 
De Perier's General History of Voyages and Travels throughout the Old 
and New World, London, 1707, 8vo. And let the lover of vogages and 
travels not fail to procure Harris's, Kerr's, Hakluyt's, and Pinkerton's col- 
lections, and G. Boucher de la Richarderie Bibliotheke Universelle." 
Sir James Mcintosh also says: " The old voyages are always more pic- 
turesque and poetical than the modern. Churchill and Harris's collections 
furnish a great abundance of Indian imagery." 

Having dwelt so long upon these publications, which are the copious 
store-houses from which we derive our knowledge of the history and con- 
dition of our country before it was adorned with the institutions of civili- 
zation and social life, I propose now to make extracts from the early 
and important work of L' Escarbot. I do this because the volume is 
very rare ; a single copy in one volume, small quarto, being priced at 
$40; and also, because it is the earliest and most authentic source of mi- 
nute information relating to the coast of Maine, and of the first attempt to 
colonize it. 

Charlevoix thus speaks of this author : " An advocate of Paris, Marc 
Les Carbot, a man of intelligence, and much attached to M. de Pourtrin- 
court, had the curiosity, little common to his profession, to see the new 
world, and he served much to put and maintain things in a happy condi- 
tion. He stimulated others to honorable exertion, was beloved of all, and 
spared himself nothing; he found something new every day for the public 
benefit. It is to this advocate that we owe the best memoirs we have of 
what passed under his observation. In him we have an exact and judicious 
author, and a man who was sufficiently capable of establishing a colony, 
of which he wrote the history. 

212 A Bibliographical Essay. [Juty? 

Les Carbot was born at Vervins, of a noble family: be was received 
as an advocate to the Parliament of Paris; but being of an adventurous 
spirit, he quit the bar, and embarked in the fleet destined to New France. 
He afterwards visited many places in Europe, of which he published ac- 
counts, as Pictures of the Swiss, tlie Seige of Rochelle and flight of the 
English from the Isle of Rhe. But his principal work was the " History 
of New France, containing the Navigations, Discoveries, and Settlements 
made by the French in the West Indies, &c, Paris, 16( 9. octavo." An 
enlarged edition appeared in 1611 ; and another, much increased, in 1618. 
A good authority, Charlevoix, speaks of the work as rare and curious, and 
adds, Les Carbot is sincere, sensible, and impartial. Les Carbofs work, 
in the first year of its publication, was translated into English, with the 
following title, viz. : " Nova Francia, or the Description of that part of 
New France which is one continent with Virginia. Described in the three 
late voyages and Plantation, made by M. du Monts, M. du Pont Grave, 
and M. de Pourtrincourt, into the countries called La Cadie, lying to the 
South west of Cape Breton. Together with an excellent several Treatise of 
all the commodities of the said countries, and maners of the natural inhabi- 
tants of the same. London." This edition contains a map of the country 
from Malebarre (Cape Cod) to Labrador, including Terre Neuve, (New- 
foundland) and the river St. Lawrence to Hocheioga (Montreal). The 
rivers laid down are Chouacoet, (Saco,) Kinibiki, Norumbega, St. Croix, 
and St. John. The country between St. Croix and Kennebec is called 
Etchemins ; Nova Scotia is called Souriquois ; the Gulf of St. Lawrence 
is called the " Golfe de Canada ; Tadausac is the country on the St. 
Lawrence east of the river Saguenay ; the island of Cape Breton is called 
Bacaillos, the Indian name for codfish. 

The work opens with the charter of Henry 4th to de Monts of La 
Cadie, to begin from the 40th degree to the 46°; given at Fontainbleau, 
Nov. 8, 1603. 

De Monts having published his commission through France, caused to 
be equipped two ships, in one of which, furnished with munitions of war, 
de Monts and Pourtrincourt embarked, and sailed from New Haven, 
March 7, 1604. They reached the southern coast of Nova Scotia, May 
6, and continuing around Cape Sable to Port Royal, they crossed the Bay 
of Fundy, entered the St. Croix river, and established themselves on an 
island in that river.* Les Carbot disapproved of their commencing their 
plantation on an island, and especially so small a one as was chosen ; 
because they were shut up in a narrow space, and there was no opportu- 
nity for farming. He thus states the origin of the name of the river: 
" And because that two leagues higher up there be brooks that come cross 
wise to fall within this large branch of the sea, the He of the Frenchmen's 
retreat was called St. Croix, 25 leagues distant from Port Royal." He 
thus describes the island : "The said island containeth some half a league 
in circuit, and at the end of it on the sea side, there is a mount or small 
hill, which is as it were a little He severed from the other, where M. de 
Monts his cannon were placed ; there is also a little chapel built after the 
Savage fashion." De Monts had his lodging in the fort, " made with fair 

* This island is now called Neutral Island, is about 8 miles below Calais, and is accu- 
rately described by Les Carbot. It has now a light house upon it, with a house for the 
keeper; is well covered with grass, and has some old fruit trees, apple and cherry, 
upon it. I took from it, in the summer of 1860, some pieces of French bricks, of 
which there are many fragments remaining. 

J861.J A Bibliographical Essay. 213 

and artificial carpentrie work, 1 ' with the banner of France on the same. 
" Some," he says, "housed themselves on the fir me land, neere the brook." 

" In another part of the Hand was the store house. Over against the 
store house were the lodgings & house of M. d'Orville, M. Champlain, M. 
Champdore and other men of reckoning. Opposite to de Mont's lodging was 
a gallery covered for exercise either in play or for the workmen in time of 
rain. And between the said port & the platform where the cannon lay, 
all was full of gardens whereunto every one exercised himself willingly." 
" All autumne quarter was passed on these works, and it was well for 
them to have lodged themselves & to manure the ground of the iland 
before winter." 

" The most urgent things being done, and hoary, snowie father being 
come, that is to say, winter, then they were forced to keep within doors, 
and to live every one at his own house; during which time our men had 
three special discommodities in this iland, viz. want of wood, for that 
which was in the said ile was spent in building, lacke of fresh water, and 
the continual watch by night, fearing surprise from the savages that had 
lodged themselves at the foot of said Island." When they had need of 
wood and water, " they were constrained to crosse over the river, which is 
thrice as broad of every side as the Seine." " In the mean while snows 
and the cold came upon them & the ice so strong that the cider was frozen 
in the vessels, & every one his measure was given out by weight." Many 
were taken sick with an unknown sickness, of which 36 died ; and 36 or 
40 more, stricken with it, recovered. 

Here follows a long discourse on the scurvy and other diseases, which 
I omit. He then continues, and says, he worked during the day in his 
garden, and at night in his study, reading or writing ; and adds, '• being 
requested by M. Pourtrincourt, our commander, to bestow some hours of 
my industry in giving christain instruction to our small company, not to 
live like beasts, and to the savages an example of our manner of life, I have 
done it according to the necessitie : and being thereof requested, every 
Sunday, and sometimes on other occasions, almost during all the time we 
have been there." " And well was it for me that I had brought my bible, 
& some books unawares. It hath not been without fruit, many witnessing 
unto me that they had never heard so much good talk of God, not know- 
ing before any principle of that which belongeth to Christian doctrine ; 
and such is the state wherein live most part of Christendom." 

As this was a Protestant colony, although founded by a Catholic nation, 
we may safely affirm that this is the first Protestant worship ever conduct- 
ed upon the shores of Maine or Nova Scotia. Both De Moots and Les 
Carbot were Protestants. 

After giving some further details in regard to the colony, he proceeds 
to take us a voyage along the coast of Maine, in which it may he interest- 
ing to accompany him. He says: "The rough season being passed, M. 
de Monts wearied with his had dwelling at St. Croix, determined to seek 
out another port in a warmer country and more to the South." For this 
purpose he fitted out a pinnace, and made on this voyage aboul six >c<>v<> 
leagues, "From St. Croix," he observes, "to 60 leagues forward the 
coast lies east & west, at the end of which GO leagues is the river called 
by the savages Kinniheki; From which place to Mai a bar re it lieth north 
& south & there is from one to the other but (50 leagues in ;i righl line. 
So far stretched M. de Monts his voyage : his pilot was M. de Champdore 4 . 
In all this coast to Kinnibiki there are many places where ships may be 

214 A Bibliographical Essay. [July* 

harbored among the Hands, but the people there are not so frequent as is 
beyond that : and there is no remarkable thing but a river whereof 
many have written fables one after another. Therefore without alleging 
what the first writers (Spaniards & Portugals) have said, I will recite what 
is in the last book intitled the Universal History of the West Indies, printed 
at Douay the last year, 1607, in the place where he speaketh of 

After having spoken of Virginia, the writer proceeds: "Moreover 
towards the North is Norembega, which is known well enough by reason 
of a faire towne & a great river, though it is not found from whence it 
hath its name ; for the Barbarians do call it Agguncia.'''' " If," says Les 
Carbot, u this beautiful town hath ever been in nature, 1 would fain know 
who hath pulled it down. For there is but cabanes here & these made 
with pearkes, (that is, poles,) & covered with barks of trees & with skins, 
& both the river & the place inhabited, is called Pemptegoet & not "Ag- 
guncia." " But some will say 1 equivocate in the situation of Norumbega 
& that it is not placed where I take it. To this I answer that the author 
whose words I have before alleged is in this my sufficient warrant, who 
in his geographical map hath placed the mouth of this river in the 44 th 
degree & his supposed town in the 45 th , wherein we differ but one degree 
which is a very small matter. For the river I mean is in the 45 flj ° & as 
for any town there is none. Now of necessity it must be this river, be- 
cause that the same being passed, & that of Kinnibiki, which is in the 
same height, there is no other river forward, whereof account should be 
made till we come to Virginia. 1 say further more, that sseing the Bar- 
barians of Norumbega do live as they of New France, & have abundance 
for hunting, it must be that their province be seated in our New France; 
for 50 leagues further South, there is no great game, the woods are thinner 
& the inhabitants settled, & in greater numbers than in Norembega." 

Les Carbot speaks of another " fabulous" account, by John Alfonse, 
who says : " that having passed St. John He, the coast turneth to the 
west & VV. N. W. as far as the river Norombega, newly discovered by 
the Portugalls & Spaniards, which is in 30 degrees, & that 15 or 20 
leagues within it, is built a great town where the people be small & black- 
ish, like them of the West Ind. & clothed in skins &c." Les Carbot adds, 
u But I see very little or no truth at all in all the discourses of this man. 
And well may he call his voyages adventurous, not for him, who it is easy 
to think was not in a hundredth part of the places he describeth ; but for 
those who will follow his directions. If the said river be in 30° it must 
needs be in Florida, which is contrary to all who have ever written of it, 
& to the truth itself. Touching the men in the land of Norembega, they 
are of fair & high stature, & there is no part of the coast that standeth 
W. N. W T . I receive no part of Alfonse's report but that which says that 
this river at its coming in, has many Hands, banks & rocks." 

The public mind was at this period most sensitive to fabulous stories, 
out of which they could not be disabused. The impression was deeply 
rooted that remarkable Islands existed in the midst of the ocean, and like 
the Atlantis of Plato, were filled with flourishing cities, and extraordinary 
people. The famed imaginary island of St. Brandan, long held its singular 
illusion, and so firmly, that expeditions were repeatedly sent out to seek 
for it, which were not abandoned even in the early part of the last century. 
An old writer says: "The phantasm of the Island had such a secret en- 
chantment that the public preferred doubting the good conduct of the ex- 

1861.] A Bibliographical Essay. 215 

plorers than their own senses." — (Irving, 3, 405.) Another illusion was 
the island of the seven cities — supposed to have been occupied by refu- 
gees from Spain and Portugal, at the time of the invasion of those coun- 
tries by the Moors. 

It is no wonder, therefore, that these marvellous stories relating to a 
magnificent city of Norumbega, should be eagerly accepted by people 
whose imaginations were already inflamed by the facts, as weil as the 
fables which prevailed over Europe. 

After this examination of the marvellous accounts by the early voya- 
gers, of the wonderful city, river, and country of Norembega, which he 
justly calls " fabulous,' 1 he continues his narrative of de Mont's explora- 
tions after a better location than the one which he had unfortunately 
selected ; he says: " The river of Norembega being passed, M. de Monts 
went still coasting until he came to Kinnibeki, where is a river that may 
shorten the way to go to the great river of Canada. There are a number 
of Savages Cabaned there, & the land beginncth to be better peopled. 
From Kinnibeki going farther one findeth the bay of Marchin named by the 
Captain's name that commandeth therein. This Marchin was killed the year 
that we parted from New France, 1607. Farther is another bay called 
Chouacoet, where is, compared with the other countries a great number of 
people, and there they till the ground, the region is more temperate & 
there is store of vines. The people from St. John's river to Kinnibeki. 
wherein are the rivers St. Croix & Norembega, are called Etchemins ; 
from Kinnibeki to Malabarre they are called Armouchiquois." 

De Monts went no farther south than Cape Cod, and thence returned to 
St. Croix ; this was in the spring and summer of 16<)5. Les Carbot says 
he viewed all the coast to Malabarre, which is 400 leagues following the 
coast, and searching to the bottom of the bays. De Monts had desired 
to move to about latitude 40, but not having found a suitable place, he 
determined to go to Port Royal, and wait till he could make further dis- 
covery. So they began to pack up their articles and took down all their 
buildings, except the store house, which was too large to move, and car- 
ried them to Port Royal, where Pourtrincourt had commenced a plantation 
for his own benefit. This was in the beginning of Sept., 1605. They 
unloaded du Ponts' ship, and fitting her for her voyage, De Monts having 
seen the beginning of the new habitation, embarked for France, with such 
as would follow him. Champlain and Champdore were left behind, one 
for geography, the other for conducting necessary voyages. Les Carbot 
returned to France with De Monts. Thus ended the first attempt of that 
gallant adventurer to establish a colony in Maine. They d'd, however, 
lay the foundation of one at Port Royal, now Annapolis, which has never 
ceased to exist. 

On the 1st of May, 1606, Les Carbot sailed again for New France, with 
Pourtrincourt from Rochelle, in the Jonas, a ship of 150 tons, and arrived 
at Port Royal on the 26th of July. Pourtrincourt visited the island of St. 
Croix in the latter part of summer, and found the corn ripe which came 
from the seed of De Monts 1 planting, and thence he pursued his voyage 
south, passed Norumbega and came to Bay Marchin, which seems to have 
been the name of Casco Bay, from a captain of the savages; with him 
Pourtrincourt made a treaty, and exchanged presents, receiving Orignac, 
or stag's meat. Les Carbot says: "at the entry of the Bay of Chouakoel 
is a great iland i a league compass wherein were vines. From the I 
they went to the river Olmechin, a port of ChouakoU, where Marchin and 

218 Mason Family. [July? 

1 June, 1736, d. 4 July, 1748 ; and 9, Hezekiah, b. 3 Dec. 1739 ;— (114) 
Mary,[r] m. David Huntington;— (115) Rachef,[f] b. 31 Aug. 1707, at 
Lebanon, m. Charles Mudge; — (116) Daniel, living 24 Nov. 1731, prob. d. 
unm.; — (117) Jonathan* b. 30 July, 1715, at W., united with church at 
W. 1738;— (118) Ludia, d. 7 Oct. 1727, at Mansfield ;— ( 119) A hi- 
gail,[f] m. Jacob Lincoln. Hezekiah Mason(33) then m. 15 Nov. 1725, 
Sarah Robinson, and d. 15 Dec. 1726, at W. without issue by her. 

Ill Gen. 31. Peter Mason, m. 8 July, 1703, Mary Hobart. They 
settled at Stonington and removed to New London, N. P. Their children 
were:— (120) Peter, b. 25 Aug. 1704, at S., d. 9 Sept. 1704;— (121) A 
dan. b. 13 Sept. 1705, at S., d. unnamed; — (122) Daniel, b. 25 March, 
1707, m. 19 Dec. 1734, Hannah Chappel of N. L., and settled at Stonington, 
where he d. 5 Feb. 1750. They had 4 children ; Joseph, b. 9 Jan. 1736 ; 
Alithea, b. 23 Jan. 1739; Priscilla, b. 29 March, 1746; and Daniel, b. 
28 Dec. 1749:— (123) Japhet, b. 28 Dec. 1709, at N. L., d. 11 Julv, 
1711;— ( 124) Mary, b. 31 May, 171 1, at N. L.:— (125) Japhet, 2d,[t] b. 30 

Sept. 1713, at N. L., m. - Chappel ;— (126) AUgail, b. 3 Sept. 1715, 

at N. L., m. 11 Dec. 1737, Samuel Lester of Groton ; — (127) Peter,[t] b. 
28 Dec. 1717, at N. L., m. Margaret Fanning ;— (128) Alithea, b. 9 
Dec. 1720, at N. L. 

Ill Gen. 37. Samuel Mason, m. 15 April, 1712, Elizabeth Fitch, 
and settled at Stonington, where she d. 8 Feb. 1715. His child by her 
was: — (129) Mehitable, b. 15 Sept. 1713, at S., d. 6 Oct. 1713. He then 
m. 22 Feb. 1720, Rebecca Lippincott. They settled at S., where the fol- 
lowing children were recorded to them ; — (130) Elizabeth, b. 16 October, 
1720, at S.;— (131) Rebecca, b. 2 June, 1722, at S., d. 29 Aug. 1723 ;— 
(132) Rebecca, 2d, b. 21 March, 1724, at S., d. in infancy ;— (133) Sam- 
uel, b. 25 May, 1726, at S.;— (134) Rebecca, 3d, b. 3'june, 1728;— 
(135) Prudence, b. 2 April, 1730, at S., had an illegit. child, Ianthe, b. 6 
Oct. 1752, and d. 12 May, 1759, unm.;— (136) Elnathan, b. 16 June, 
1732, at S.;— (137 and 138) Mehitable and Eunice, (twins), b. 1 June, 
1734, at S. 

III Gen. 40. Nehe^iiah Mason, m. 9 Jan. 1722, Zerviah Stanton, b. 
20 Sept. 1704, at Stonington, third dau. of Joseph Stanton and Margaret 
Cheeseboro', and g. g. dau. of Thomas Stanton the first, of Stonington, 
and Anne Lord his wife. They settled at S. and owned Mason's Island. 
He d. 13 Mav, 1768, and she d. 12 Oct. 1771. Their children were:— 

(139) Hobart,[i] b. 6 Oct. 1722, grad. at Yale, 1748, m. Margaret Copp ; 

(140) Andrew, b. 12 Oct. 1724, d. 28 March, 1728 ; — (141) Hannah, b. 
10 June, 1726, at S., m. 4 Oct. 1750, Henry Gallup of Groton, Ct.;— 
(142) Andrew, 2d,[t] b. 3 Feb. 1730, at S., m. Mary Gallup ;— (143) 
Jared, b. 29 July, 1733, at S., m. 23 Jan. 1755, Hannah Parke of Gro- 
ton ; — (144) Zerviah, b. 26 Aug. 1735, at S., m. Holmes, and at 

date of her father's will, July 1765, had 2 daus., Zerviah and Mary. 

IV Gen. 44. Capt. John Fitch, m. 25 Jan. 1731, Alice Fitch, and 
settled at Windham, where he d. 19 Feb. 1760. Their children were : — 
(145) John, b. 14 Julv, 1732, at W., prob. m. 7 Nov. 1753, Mercy La- 
throp, and settled at Windham, where he d. 5 June, 1757. He had 2 
children ; 1, Alice, b. 1 Jan. 1755, and John, b. 11 Jan. 1756 ; — (146) 
Alice, b. 7 Oct. 1734 ;— (147) Ebenezer, b. 30 Nov. 1736, .at W., m. 4 
May, 1760, Chloe Kingsbury, and d. at Salisbury. Had 2 children re- 

1861.] Mason Family. 219 

corded to them at W.; 1, Cynthia, b. 19 Nov. 1761, and 2, Elijah, b. 10 
Dec. 1763;— (148) James, b. 9 April, 1739, at W., prob. m. 23 May, 
1763, Anne Hulbert, and bad 2 children recorded to them at W.; 1, 
Anna, b. 16 Oct. 1765, and 2, James, b. 1 1 March, 1767 : — (149) Miri- 
am, b. 9 June, 1741, m. Isaac Canada ;— (150) Elizabeth, b. 4 Oct. 1743, 
m. Sandford Kingsbury ;— ( 151 ) Elijah, b. 8 Jan. 1746, at W., m. 17 
April, 1766, Hannah Fuller, and had 1 child recorded lo them at W., Eli- 
jah Lord, b. 12 Dec. 1766 ;— (152) Jahez, b. 2 March, 1748, at W., m. 7 
Oct. 1773, Olive Ripley, and settled at W., where he d. 23 June, 1789. 
They had 5 children ; 1, Anna, b. 11 Jan. 1776, at W.; 2, Elizabeth, b. 
19 May, 1777 ; 3, John, b. 5 Jan. 1779 ; 4, Olive, b. 26 Sept. 1780 ; 5 Lucy, 
b. 9 Nov. 1783;— (153) Eunice ;— (154) Lucy, b. 26 March, 1753. 

IV Gen. 54. Joseph Bradford, m. March 1730, at New London, N. 
P., (Montville) Monoretta Swift. Their children were : — (155) Elizabeth, 
b. 17 Jan. 1731, at N. L.;— (156) Anne, b. 23 Julv, 1732, at N. L.;— 
(157) William, b. 13 April, 1734, at N. L.;— (158) Honory Swift (son), 
b. 21 Aug. 1736;— (159) Robert, b. 21 Julv, 1739;— (160) Hannah, b. 
10 March, 1741 ;— (161) Joseph, b. 10 Jan. 1745. 

IV Gen. 55. Priscilla Bradford, m. 14 Jan. 1725, Samuel Hyde,b. 
10 Sept. 1691, at Windham, eldest son of Samuel Hyde and Elizabeth 
Calkins, and gr. son of Samuel Hyde the first and Jane Lee of Norwich. 
Thev settled at Lebanon, where he d. 14 Feb. 1776, and she d. 14 May, 
1778. Their children were :— (162) Samuel, b. 24 Oct. 1725, at L., m. 
1 Jan. 1750, his second cousin Anne Fitch, dau. of Capt. Adonijah Fitch 
of New London, N. P., (See No. 8) They had 5 sons and 2 daus. ; — 
(162) Dan, b. 7 May 1733, at L., m. Mary Wattles, dau. of William Wat- 
tles and Abigail Denison of L., and had 2 children ; 1, Mary, who m. 
24 June, 1784, James Benjamin of East Hartford; and 2, Priscilla, who 
m. 19 Oct. 1794, John Pitkin of E. H.;— (163) Anne, b. 22 Oct. 1727, 
m. 2 Oct. 1755, Jared Hincklev of Lebanon, and had 4 sons and 2 daus.; 
—(164) Priscilla, b. 16 April, 1731, d. 5 Oct. 1732 ;— (165) Sybil, b. 
16 April 1731, (twin), m. 11 Dec. 1753, Jabez Metcalf, b. 30 Nov. 1718, 
at L., son of Ebenezer Metcalf and Hannah Abel. Shed. 5 Nov. 17C0, and 
he d. 15 Nov. 1794. They had 2 children ; 1, Joseph,, who m. Clarissa 
Thomas ; and 2, a dau. d. unnamed ; — ( 166) Priscilla, 2d, b. 4 June, 1735, 
at L., d. 4 July, 1759, unm.;- (167) Hannah, b. 19 Julv, 1738, at L., m. 
4 Nov. 1760, Lieut. Daniel Moulton of Mansfield, who d. 17 April, 1767, 
and had bv her 2 sons, 1, Gurdon, b. 29 Sept. 1763, and 2, Daniel, b. 
18 Dec. 1765;— (168) Zerviah, b. 15 Dec. 1740, at L., m. 20 Sept. 
1758, Dr. Andrew Metcalf, b. 5 Dec. 1736, at L., son of Benjamin Met- 
calf and Sarah Abel. They had 2 sons and 3 daus.; 1, Jabez H., b. 26 

Aug. 1761, m. Violata Thomas ; 2, Luke, b. 4 May, 1764, m. Frink, 

and removed to Oxford, N. Y.; 3, Priscilla, b. 29 July, 1759, m. Samuel 
Robinson, son of John Robinson and Thankful Hinckley of L.; 4, Sarah, 
who d. unm.; 5, Hannah Hyde, who m. Chandler Woodworth, and d. s. p.; 
(169) Abigail, b. 4 Nov. 1744, at L., d. 20 Dec. 1830, at the age of 86 
years, unm. 

IV. Gen. 82. Col. Eleazer Fitch, grad. at Yale, 1743, and was a 
lawyer. He m. 4 April, 1746, Amy Bo wen of Providence. They set- 
tled at Lebanon and removed to Windham, where he was a colonel of 
militia and sheriff of the county. He refused to take a part against the 
British government, in the war of the Revolution, and at the close of the 

220 Mason Family. [July, 

war he went to St. Johns, L. C.,(?) where he died. Their children were : — 
(170) Anne, b. 18 April, 1747, at Providence, m. '29 Nov. 1767, her 
father's second cousin, Major Ebenezer Whiting, b. May, 1735, youngest 
son of Lieut. Charles Whiting and Elizabeth Bradford, a descendant of 
Gov. William Bradford, and of John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, of the 
Mayflower. Thev settled at Norwich, and he was an officer in the Rev. 
and d. 6 Sept. 1794, at Westfield, Mass., she d. 27 June, 1827. Their 
children were : — 1, Augustus, m. Elizabeth Hoes; 2, Edward, m. Nan- 
cy Perkins; 3, Henry, m. Nancy Goodwin, and was brevet Brigadier 

Gen. in U. S. army, and d. 10 Sept. 1851 at St. Louis ; 4, Nancy, m. ■ 

Gordon ; 5, Charles, m. Margaret Regis and lived at Kinderhook, N. Y.; 
6, Bowen, m. Nancy McKinstry, and was a lawyer and settled and d. at 
Geneva, N. Y., and was circuit judge for the 7th circuit ; 7, Elizabeth ; 
S, Charlotte, and 9, Bernice ;—{ 171) Elizabeth, b. 12 Feb. 1749, at L., 
m. 7 Jan. 1767, Ebenezer Backus, b. 17 Aug. 1747, at Norwich, only 
son of Ebenezer Backus, Esq., of N. by I. is 2d wife Eunice Dyer. They 
settled at N., and had 5 children ; 1, Eunice, b. 5 May, 1768, at N.; 2, 
Eleazer Fitch, b. 13 Jan. 1770, at N., m. Harriet Whiting, b. 14 Sept. 
1779, youngest dau. of Col. William Bradford Whiting and Amie La- 
th rop of Canaan, N. Y. They settled at Albany, where she d. 13 July, 
1801, leaving one child. He then m. 8 June, 1807, Elizabeth Chester, b. 
10 Nov. 1774, at Weathersfield, eldest dau. of Col. John Chester and 
Elizabeth Huntington, and had by her three children ; Rev. Jonathan 
Trumbull Backus, D. I)., Presbyterian clergyman at Schenectady, N. Y., 
Rev John Backus, I). D., Presbyterian clergyman at Baltimore, Md., and 
Mary the wife of James Bavard, Esq., of Philadelphia; 3, Elizabeth, b. 
22 March, 1775 ; 4, Alexander, b 5 Mav, 1777 ; 5, Lydia, m. 21 Oct. 
1801, Nathan Whiting, b. 16 May, 1772, son of Col. William Bradford 
Whiting and Amie Lathrop of Canaan, N. Y., and d. 1 Dec. 1832, at 
New Haven, had 4 sons and 3 daus.; 6, Julia, m. 1, Ebenezer Jones of 
Troy, N. Y., and 2, Samuel Cheever, and had children bv each ; — (172) 
Amy, b. 20 June, 1751, at W., m. 12 April, 1781, William Temple of 
Boston, and had by him one son, Robert, who settled at Rutland, Vt., and 
had a family. After the death of her first husband, Mrs Amy (Fitch) 
Temple m. 29 March, 1790, Isaac Clark of Castleton, Vt., who was a 
Col. in the army of the U. S. in the war of 1812, and had children by 
him ;— (173) Thomas Mason, b. 9 Oct. 1753, at W.;— (174) Philena, b. 
4 July, 1755, at W.;— (175) Henry, b. 12 Oct. 1757, at W. ; — (176) 
Sarah, b. 18 Jan. 1760, at W., m. 1784, Hezekiah Perkins of Norwich, 
son of Jacob Perkins and Jemima Leonard, and grandson of Jabez Per- 
kins the first and Hannah Lathrop of N. They settled at Norwich and 
had 6 children ; Francis Asher ; Eliza Leonard d. in infancy ; George 
Leonard ; Charlotte ; Henry Fitch ; and a dau. who d. in childhood ; — 
(177) Mary, b. 22 Nov. 1761, at W. ; — (178) Christopher, 23 April, 
1763, prob. m. 29 April, 1784, Lydia Ripley, of W., and had 4 children 
recorded to them at W.; 1, Thomas Mason, b. 18 Jan. 1785; 2, Henry, 
b. 15 March, 1787; 3, Lucy, b. 17 July, 1789; and 4, Erastus Ripley, 
b. 9 May, 1792 ;— (179) Frances, b. '27 Aug. 1765, at W., m. 1782, 
Bela Backus of W.;— (18>>) George, b. 7 March, 1768, at W.,;_ (181) 
Lucy, b. 20 May, 1771, at W., m. 1780, Lebbeus Larribee of W. 

IV Gen. 87. Mary Worthington, m. 14 Feb. 1745, Aaron Elliot, b. 
15 March, 1718, at Killingworth, second son of Rev. Jared Elliot, D. D. 

1861.] Mason Family. 221 

and Elizabeth Smitbson, and g. g. son of John Eliot the apostle. He 
was a physician, and they settled at K., where he was Col. of militia, and 
was frequently elected to the general assembly. She d. 28 June, 1785, 
and he d. 30 Dec. 1785, at K. Their children were :— (182) Hannah, b. 
31 Aug. 1746, at K., m. 23 Nov. 1773, Gen. Reuben Hopkins, b. 1 June 
1748, at Amenia, N. Y. He was a lawyer, and they settled at Charlotte 
and removed to Goshen, N. Y., where he was a Brig. Gen. of militia 
and commanded a brigade of militia in the service of the U. S., at Pitts- 
burgh, in the war of 1812, and d. about 1819, in 111. They had 8 chil- 
dren; 1, Elliot, b. 12 Sept. 1774, m. Julia Howell, 16 Jan. 1815, at Cin- 
cinnati, and had 6 children ; 2, Benjamin Bronson, b. 16 March, 1776, 
married, and 26 Sept. 1852, d. at Augusta, Ga., and had a family of chil- 
dren ; 3, Mary, b. 2 Dec. 1777, d. in 1820 at Cincinnati, num.; 4, Ade- 
laide, b. 3 March, 1780, m. at Goshen, N. Y., where she d. 3 March, 
1846, and left children ; 5, Rehecca, b. 16 Jan. 1782, m. and 3 April, 1816, 
d. in Ontario co., N. Y.; 6, William Hector, b. 12 Nov. 1784, m. and 
in 1840 d. at St. Louis, Mo., leaving a large family ; 7, Hannibal Mason, 
b. 8 Aug. 1788, m. and settled at Goshen, N. Y., s. p.; 8, Delinda, b. 25 
March, 1792, m. and 28 May, d. 1823, at Madison, Ga.;— (183) Mary, b. 
11 July, 1752, at K., m. about 1798, Dr. Christopher Ely of Lyme, son 
of Daniel Ely. She was his 3d wife, and d. s. p.: — (184) Samuel Smith- 
son, b. 2 July, 1753, at K. He m. 17 March, 1779, Margaret Williams, 
b. May 1753, dau. of Judge John Williams of Sharon. They settled at 
Sharon, where she d. 27 Oct. 1802. He had by her 8 children, 1, Sam- 
uel Williams, b. 31 March, 1780, m. 31 Jan. *1809, Sarah Canfield, b. 
27 Dec. 1787, at New Milford, settled at Northampton, N. Y., and re- 
moved to Penfield, where he d. 30 Aug. 1831, and had 6 sons and 4 daus.; 

2, William Worthington, b. 21 April, 1782, at S., m. Jan. 1809, Eunice 
Thomas of Ballston, N. Y., settled at Northampton, N. Y., removed to 
Ballston Spa, and in 1836 to Niles, Mich., and d. 13 Oct. 1839, and had 
3 children ; Eunice Harriet m. Allen G. Kellogg; William Sidney m. 
Oct. 1836, Louisa Carrington, and 30 Nov. 1844, Caroline Morse, and 
had 5 children ; and Caroline Elizabeth, m. John Orr, of Niles, Mich.; 

3, Hannah, b. 12 May, 1784, at S., m. 1814, Daniels B. Stowe of Claver- 
ack, N. Y., and had one child, and d. 12 May, 1830 ; 4, Margaret, b. 19 
June, 1786, at S., m. 6 Sept. 1811, Salmon Hunt of Sharon, removed to 
Northampton, N. Y., and then to Rochester, where she d. 4 Nov. 1836. 
She had 3 sons and 3 daus.; 5, John Aaron, b. 16 Oct. 1788, at S., m. 4 
June, 1809, Joanna Bailey of S., removed to Redhook, N. Y., anrl after- 
wards returned to S., where she d. 11 Jan. 1848. He had by her 6 sons 
and 4 daus. He then m. 8 Nov. 1848, Hannah Eliza Janez ; 6, Mary 
Ely, b. 13 April, 1791, at S., m. Festus Demming of Goshen, N. Y., and 
removed to Goshen, O., where she d. Dec. 1827. He had by her 3 sons 
and 3 daus.; 7, Joseph Benjamin, b. 23 July, 1794, at S., m. 1814, Han- 
nah Waldo of Chatham, N. Y., and removed to Northampton, N. Y., and 
d. 20 Dec. 1820, and had 2 children; Hannah Cornelia, m. Sylvester 
Reynolds of Chatham, and Samuel Waldo; 8, Elizabeth, b. 22 July, 
1799, at S., m. 28 May, 1838, Rev. Noah Cook of Bertrand, Mich., and 
was living at Woodville, III., s. p. 

After the death of his first wife, Samuel Smitbson Elliot m. 17 July, 
1803, Sarah Bailey, b. 19 Dec. 1765, at Sharon, and d. 22 April, 1812. 
He had by her two other children ; 9, Isaac, b. 9 July, 1S06, at S , in. 11 
March, 1834, Sarah Hurd, b. 28 Jan. 1816, dau. of Arba Ilurd of Pitts- 

222 Mason Family. [July, 

field, Mich., and had 2 sons and 4 daus.; and 10, Sarah, b. 14 April, 
1808, at S., d. 1822 ;— (185) William, b. 26 June, 1755, at K., grad. at 
Yale, 1774, and was a physician. He m. his first cousin Ethelinda Ely, 
b. about 1764, at Saybrook, dau. of Col. John Ely and Sarah Worthing- 
ton of S. They settled at Killingworth, and in 1801 removed to Goshen, 
N. Y., where she d. 14 Aug. 1829, and he d. Sept. 1829. They had 6 
children; 1, Horace William, b. 1788, m. about 1825, Charlotte West- 
cott, dau. of Col. David M. Westcott and Keziah Gale of Goshen, N. Y. 
They settled at G., where he was a druggist and postmaster, they had 6 
children ; 2. Sarah Ethelinda, b. 1790, m. 1817, Rev. Benjamin Gilder- 
sleeve of Milledgeville, Ga., and d. 1820, had one child William Elliot, 
who d. at age of 4 years; 3, Charlotte, b. 1792, d. 1820, at Milledgeville, 
unm.; 4, Elizabeth, b. 1794, m. 1826, Zechariah N. Hoffman of Red- 
hook, N. Y., who was judge and postmaster, and removed to New York, 
and had 4 children ; 5, Henry William, b. 14 Aug. 1797, m. 1 Feb. 
1843, Sarah Wickham Hulse, and settled at Elmira, N. Y., and had sev- 
eral children; 6, Frances Maria, b. 1798, m. Dr. Hudson Kinslev of 
New York;— (186) Aaron, b. 15 Aug. 1758, at K., m. 15 Jan. 1782, 
Gloriana Austin, b. 18 Dec. 1758, sister of Moses Austin of Texas. He 
was a physician and removed to St. Genevieve, Mo., and d. 5 Aug. 1811, 
and she d. 9 Sept. 1811. They had 4 children; 1, Henry, b. 5 Oct. 
1782, m. 31 Jan. 1813, Mary Lewis Elliot, b. 18 Jan. 1792, at Killing- 
worth, 2d dau. of Jared Elliot and Clarissa Lewis of K. They settled at 
St. Genevieve, and he was Capt. of a steamboat on the Mississippi, and d. 
16 Sept. 1826, on his passage up from New Orleans, and had 3 sons and 
3 daus.; 2, Elias Austin, b. 12 April, 1784, d. 25 Aug. 1822, at Gene- 
vieve, unm.; 3, Charles, b. 15 Dec. 1786, d. 12 Feb. 1811, at S. G., 
unm.; 4, Anne Maria, b. 31 Aug. 1788, m. 17 Nov. 1807, William Chiles 
Carr of St. Louis, Mo., b. 15 April, 1783, in Albemarle co., Va. She d. 
11 Aug. 1826, and had 2 sons and 3 daus.; — (187) Joseph, b. 9 Nov. 

1760, at K. He m. xMcKinstry, and settled at Montgomery, N. Y., 

where he was a physician in extensive practice, and d. about 1798, with- 
out issue living; — (188) Benjamin, b. 9 Dec. 1762, at K., m. Frances 
Panca. He was a physician, settled in Ulster co., N. Y., removed to 
Virginia and d. Nov. 1848, at Little Rock, Ark. He had 4 children, 1, 
Mary Worthington, who was the first wife of General Chester Ashley of 
Little Rock, U. S. Senator from Arkansas, and had 2 children ; William 
Elliot, who m. his third cousin Fanny Grafton ; and Henry C; 2, Eliza, 

who m. Henderson; 3, Louisa, who m. Edward Cross of Missouri, 

and had 5 children ; and 4, Charles William, who m. and d. in Missouri, 
and had 3 children ;— (189) Elizabeth, b. 9 Dec. 1762, at K., d. at her 
brother Aaron's at St. Genevieve, unm. 

IV Gen. 95. Peleg Sandford Mason; m. 4 Nov. 1742, Mary Stan- 
ton of Charlestown, R. 1.., settled at Stonington, and removed to Leba- 
non about 1745. Their children were:— (190) Anne, b. 7 Nov. 1743, at 
S.;— (191) Peleg Sandford, b. 5 May, 1746, at L., d. 23 March, 1787, 
unm.;— (\92) Esther, b. 12 Nov. 1748, at L., prob. m. 9 Dec. 1768, 
Daniel Tilden of Lebanon, and had 10 children recorded to them at L.; 
1, Stephen Daniel, b. 3 May, 1769 ; 2, Mason, b. 7 May, 1771 ; 3, Lucy, 
b. 20 Sept. 1773; 4, Esther, b. 23 Feb. 1777; 5, Mary, b. 12 March, 
1779 ; 6, Lucretia, b. 22 Oct. 1781; 7, Sabina, b. 22 April, 1785; 8, 
Lydia, b. 27 April, 1787 ; 9, Josiah. b. 23 June, 1789 ; and 10, Harriet, 

1S61.] Mason Family. 223 

b. 31 July, 1792;— (193) Mary, b. 22 March, 1751, prob. m. 12 Sept. 
1771, John Terry, at Lebanon ;— ( 194) Lucy, b. 2 Dec. 1753, at L.;— 
(195) Elijah, b. 26 Sept. 1756, at L., prob.' m. his second cousin Mary 
Marsh,(266) b. 8 Feb. 1759, at L., fourth dau. of Joseph Marsh and Doro- 
thy Mason(205) of L., and afterwards of Hartford, Vt., and had by her 
five childen, Clarissa, Mary, Roswell, Peleg, and xMiranda ;— (196) James, 
b.7 April, 1759, at L. 

IV Gen. 104. Lydia Brown, m. 16 Jan. 1752, Ichabod Robinson, b. 
12 Dec. 1720, at Duxbury, Mass., youngest son of Rev. John Robinson, 
minister of D., and Hannah Wiswall his wife. He was a merchant, and 
they settled at L., where she d. 23 Aug. 1778, and he d. 20 Jan. 1809. 
Their children were : — (197) Joseph, b. 4 Nov. 1752, at L., where he d. 
27 Aug. 1813, unm.;— (198) William, b. 15 Aug. 1754, at L., grad. at 
Yale, 1773, and was a Congregational clergyman, and was minister of 
Southington. He m. 8 Feb. 1780, Naomi Wolcott, b. 28 Sept. 1754, at 
East Windsor, dau. of Capt. Gideon Wolcott, by his second wife Naomi 
Olmsted. She d. 16 April, 1782, at S., and had one child, 1, William, 
b. 12 April, 1781, at S., d. 16 April, 1781. Rev. William Robinson (198) 
then m. 16 Sept. 1783, Sophia Mosely, b. 7 Oct. 1760, at Westfield, dau. 
of Col. John Mosely and Hannah his wife. She d. 31 Dec. 1784, at S. 
His child by her was, 2, William, 2d, b. 31 Aug. 1784, at S., grad. at 
Yale, 1804, and d. 14 Nov. 1804, unm.; Rev. William Robinson(\98) 
then m. 13 Aug. 1787, Anne Mills, b. 11 June, 1761, at West Simsbury, dau. 
of Rev. Gideon Mills and Elizabeth Higley. She d. 10 July, 1789*, at S., 
and his child by her was, 3, Naomi Sophia, b. 30 May, 1788, at S., who 
m. 24 March, 1811, James Woodruff, and d. 21 Nov. 1819, at Brooklyn, 
N. Y., and had 2 children, Anne Mills, and Elizabeth. Rev. William 
Robinson (198) :hen m. 10 Aug. 1790, Elizabeth Norton, b. 13 Jan. 1761, 
at Farmington, dau. of Col. Ichabod Norton and Ruth Strong. She d. 20 
Dec. 1824, at S., where he d. 15 Aug. 1825. His children by her were : 
4, John, b. 29 Nov. 179 1, at S., d. 25 Jan. 1792; 5, Edward, b. 10 April, 
1794, grad. at Hamilton Col. 1816, and was a clergyman. He is the dis- 
tinguished Edward Robinson, D. D., the oriental scholar, now of N. York, 
Professor of Biblical Literature in the Union Theological Seminary. He 
m. 3 Sept. 1818, Eliza Kirtland, youngest dau. of Rev. Samuel Kirtland, 
missionary to the Indians, and she d. 5 July, 1819, s. p. He them m. 7 
Aug. 1828, Therese Von Jakob, dau. of Prof. Von Jakob of the University 
of Halle, and has by her 4 children; 6, George, b. 10 Sept. 1796, at S., 
d. 20 Jan. 1799 ; 7. George, 2d, b. 3 Dec. 1798, at S., m. 30 Nov. 1820, 
Sarah G. Covvles, who d. 20 Feb. 1833, and had by her 5 children ; and 
then m. 7 Jan. 1835, Harriet Whiting Bradley of New Haven and had by 
her 10 children; 8, Charles, b. 10 Feb. 1801, at S., grad. at Yale, 1821, 
and was a lawyer, m. 13 March, 1826, Nancy Maria Mulford of New 
Haven, and had 8 children ; and 9, Elizabeth, b. 25 July, 180.% at S., d. 
in 1859, at New Haven, unm.;— (199) Mary, b. 28 Dec. 1755, at L., 
where she d. 11 Oct. 1780, unm.;— (200) Lydia, b. 20 Oct. 1757, at L., 
where she d. 23 April, 1825, unm.;— (201) Rev. John, b. 26 April, 1760, 
grad. at Yale, 1780, was a congregational clergyman and was minister of 
Westborough, Mass., from 1789 to 1807, m. Abigail Durry, who d. W J9 
Dec. 1816, at Lebanon, and had by her two children : 1, John Augustus^ 
now of the city of New York; and 2, Jjaurinda,\\\\o d. June, 1823, unm. 
He then m. 15 Feb. 1821, Elizabeth S. Tiffany, and d. 2 May, 1832, at 
L., without issue by her;— (202) Earnest, b. 11 Oct. 17615, at 1,., d. 13 
Jan. 1765. 

224 Mason Family. [July, 

IV Gen. 110. Jeremiah Mason, m. 24 May, 1727, Mary Clark, b. 
about 1704 at Haddam, dau. of Thomas Clark of H. and g. dau. of Wm. 
Clark one of the first settlers of H. They settled at Norwich, W. F., 
(now Franklin,) where he d. 1779 and she 11 April, 1799, aged 95 yrs. 
Their children were :— (203) Daniel, b. 1 July, 1728, at N., d. 13 Nov. 
1730;— (204) Jeremiah,[i] b. 1 Feb. 1730, at N., m. Elizabeth Fitch;— 
(205) Dorothy, \_f] b. 6 April, 1735, at N., m. Joseph Marsh ;— (206) 
Daniel, 2d, b. 10 April, 1735, at N., d. 11 March, 1752 ;— (207) Mary, 
b. 22 Dec. 1736, at N., m. 15 April, 1756, her second cousin, Nathan 
Huntington (211) fourth son of David Huntington and Mary Mason (114) ; 
(208) Anna,[f] b. 3 March, 1739, at N., m. William Whiting ;— (209) 

David, b. 2 Nov. 1742, m. Susanna , and lived on the homestead, 

and had a family ; his dau. Wealthy, d. 16 April, 1779, at Lebanon, aged 
21, unm.;— (210) Elizabeth, b. 27 Aug. 1744, m. Theodore Sedgwick, 
bap. May, 1746, at West Hartford, third son of Deacon Benjamin Sedg- 
wick and Anne Thompson. He grad. at Yale, 1765, and was a lawyer, 
settled at Sheffield, and removed to Stockbridge, Mass., was a M. C. and 
U. S. Senator, and a Judge of the Supreme Court of Mass. She was his 
first wife and d. s. p. about three years after her marriage. 

IV Gen. 114. Mary Mason, m. 30 June, 1725, David Huntington, b. 
6 Dec. 1697, at Windham, fourth son of Joseph Huntington and Rebecca 
Adgate of W., and g. son of the first Deacon Simon Huntington, and of 
the first Deacon Thomas Adgate of Norwich. They settled at Windham, 
where they had the following children recorded to them : — (211) Nathan, 
b. 22 July, 1726, at W., m. 2 Oct. 1752, Mary Burleigh, who d. 24 Nov. 
1754, and had by her one child, 1, Olive, b. 8 Nov. 1752, at W., d. 29 
July, 1755. He then m. 15 April, 1756, his second cousin Mary Mason, 
(207) second dau. of Jeremiah Mason (110) and Mary Clark of Norwich, 
and had by her 4 children recorded at W., 2, Olive, 2d, b. 19 July, 1757 ; 
3, Ednah, b. 14 Jan. 1760; 4, Anna, b. 2 Jan. 1762 ; and 5, Daniel, b. 
13 Dec. 1763 ;— (212) Hezekiah, b. 3 Oct. 1728, at W., m. 28 Nov. 1754, 
Submit Murdock. They settled at W. where he is called Major H. EL, on 
the records; where they had 8 children recorded to them : 1, Eunice, b. 
3 Jan. 1756 ; 2, Submit, b. 29 March, 1758, d. 18 Oct. 1759 ; 3, Gamaliel, 
b. 28 Nov. 1760; 4, Gurdon, b. 30 Oct. 1763; 5, Submit, 2d, b. 8 Aug. 
1765 ; 6, Sybil, b. 22 Nov. 1768 ; 7, Lydia, b. 7 Aug. 1775 ; and 8, Je- 
rusha, b. 7 March, 1780;— (213) Anne, b. 14 Nov. 1730, at W., m. 25 
Dec. 1755, Samuel Roundv ;— (214) David, b. 24 Oct. 1733, d. 25 Oct. 
1733;— (216) Mary, b. 2 April, 1735, at W., prob. m. 3 Sept. 1750, 
Ebenezer Fitch ;— (217) Lydia, b. 29 Aug. 1737, d. 30 Aug. 1737;— 
(218) David, 2d, b. 27 Feb. 1743. 

IV Gen. 115. Rachel Mason, m. 3 Oct. 1727, Charles Mudge and 
settled at Windham. Their children were : (219) Lydia, b. 31 Dec. 1728, 
at W., m. 10 Nov. 1748, Samuel Bingham of W., where she d. 15 Jan. 
1768, and had 4 children, Lydia, Martha, Samuel, and Martha, 2d ; — (220) 
Mary, b. 5 March, 1732, at W., m. 2 Oct. 1761, Napthali Webb of W., 
and had 8 children; — (221) Anne, m. 28 April, 1754, Samuel Kimball of 
W., and had 4 children, Charles, Sarah, Anne, and Samuel ; — (222) Ra- 
chel, b. 26 June, 1738, at W.;— (223) William, b. 9 Feb. 1741, at W., m. 
10 June, 1762, Mary Spencer, and had 4 children : 1, Charles, b. 30 
March, 1763; 2, Prudence, b. 22 Nov. 1764; 3, Ichabod, b. 31 Aug. 
1767 ; and 4, Lydia, b. 14 Jan. 1773. 

(To be Continued.) 

1861.] Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. 225 


[Compiled from MS. of Ebenezer Clap of Dorchester.] 
Nicholas Clap, fourth son of Richard 1 Clap of England, was born in 
1612. He was a cousin of the celebrated Capt. Roger Clap, through whose 
influence, it is supposed, Nicholas 2 came to this country about 1633, and 
settled in Dorchester, Mass. His name appears on the Town Records 
various times in connection with the municipal affairs of the town ; and 
he was a deacon of the church. His first wife was Sarah Clap, a sister 
of Capt. Roger Clap; his second, Abigail, widow of Robert Sharp of 
Brookline. It is presumed that the residence of Nicholas 2 Clap was in 
the north part of the town of Dorchester, near the house now standing, 
which was occupied by the late Deacon Ebenezer Clap, senior, who died 
March 6th, 1860. See Reg. XIV. 284. Nicholas* Clap died suddenly, 
in his barn, Nov. 24th, 1679.* His estate was appraised by James Hum- 
frey, William Sumner, Henry Leadbetter. The balance, after deducting 
the debts, was ,£358, 4, 4. His sons, Nathaniel and Ebenezer, were ad- 
ministrators. He had four brothers, viz. : Ambrose 2 and Richard, 2 who 
lived and died in England ; Thomas, 2 b. in 1597, d. in Scituate, Mass., 
April 20, 1684, leaving descendants; John, 2 d. in Dorchester, July 24, 
1655. John left a widow, Joan, (who m. subsequently, John Ellis of 
Medfield,) but no children. In his will, dated July 11, 1655, he gives to 
his wife his dwelling-house, with all his lands, during her life. After her 
decease, said house and lands are given " to the maintenance of the minis- 
try and a Schoole in Dorchester foreuer." The portion of the land situ- 
ated at " Dorchester neck," now South Boston Point, was sold in 1835, 
for upwards of $13,000. — See Hist. Dorchester, p. 442. 

1, Nicholas 2 Clap, by wife Sarah, had ch.: (2) Sarah, 3 b. pec. 31, 
1637, who, according to the church records, married some one in Con- 
necticut; — (3) Nathaniel, 3 [i] b. Sept. 15, 1640, m. Elizabeth Smith, 
March 31, 1668. The Dorchester Church Records say of him : — " May 
16, 1707, Mr. Nathaniel Clap, a choice man, rested in the Lord, and was 
interred May lTth. - " His widow d. Sept. 19, 1722 ;— (4) Ebenezer, 3 b. in 
1643, m. Elizabeth Dickerman, Nov. 11, 1702. They had no children. 
He was admitted to Dorch. church, May 3, 1665. "A church was gath- 
ered by some of our brethren that lived at Milton," (Dorchester Church 
Records,) April 24, 1678, and the above Ebenezer Clap was one of 
the first signers of the covenant. He d. in Milton, having probably lived 
in that part of Dorchester set off with the town of M., which was incor- 
porated in 1662. Mr. Clap was for several years one of the selectmen of 
Milton, and was an ensign of the military company, an office at that time 
of some repute. His widow m. Edward Dorr of Roxbury. She d. Jan. 
30, 1732-3, in the 64th year of her age;— (5) Hannah? b. in 1616, m. 
Ebenezer Strong of Northampton, Oct. 14, 1668, and removed to that 
town. Their children were, Hannah, 4 b. in 1669; Ebenezer, 4 b. 1671 ; 
Nathaniel, 4 b. 1673; Sarah, 4 b. 1675, who d. same year; Preserved, 4 b. 
1679, d. 1680; Sarah, 4 b. 1681 ; Jonathan, 4 b. 1683; Noah, 4 b. 1684, d. 
1689; twins, 4 in 1689; Jonathan, 4 b. in 1683, who was grandfather of 
Cov. Caleb Strong 

*A neat marble monument was erected to his memory in Dorchester bniying-ground, 

by his descendants, one hundred and seventy years after hi- death. A copy of the 
inscription may be found in the " History of Dorchester," page 112. 


226 Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. [July, 

By his second wife, Abigail (Sharp), had ch. : (6) Noah, 3 [f~\ b. July 
15, 1667, moved to Sudbury, Mass., it is supposed early in life; had wife 
Mary. He held important offices in the town of S. ; was town clerk 13 
years, between 1721 and 1736. He d. in 1753; his wife d. previous; — 
(7) Sarah, 3 bap. Dec. 11, 1670. 

3. Nathaniel 3 Clap, by wife Elizabeth (Smith), had ch. : (8) Na- 
thaniel, 4 b. Jan. 20, 1668-9, grad. H. C. 1690; in 1695 he began to 
preach at Newport, R. L, where he was ord. Nov. 3, 1720. He preached 
in N. nearly 50 years. His colleague, Jonathan Helyer, ord. June 20, 
1744, d. a few months before him, May 27, 1745. Mr. C. d. Oct. 30th, 
of the same year. He was unmarried. See Reg. VI. p. 372 ; Allen's 
Die, and other works, for biographical notices; — (9) Jo/m, 4 [f] b. April 
7, 1671, joined Dorch. ch. April 30, 1693, afterward moved to Sudbury, 
where he was deacon of the church. His wife was named Silence. He 
prob. m. in 1699; d. Nov. 26, 1735;— (10) Jonathan, 4 [i] b. Aug. 31, 
1673, m. Sarah, dau. of Barnard and Sarah Capen, June 23, 1703 ; ord. 
deacon of Dorch. ch. March 1, 1718-19 ; was for several years selectman 
and town treasurer ; owned much real estate, and three-fourths of the 
grist mill, called " Clap's Mill," which stood on the northeast side of the 
present dam, at the termination of what is now " Willow Court.'" He d. 
Jan. 2, 1723-4. Mrs. Sarah (Capen) Clap was b. in 1678, d. Sept. 7, 
1746;— (11) Elizabeth, 4 b. May 22, 1676, m. Ebenezer Sumner, (son of 
Dea. Roger Sumner, then of Milton) March 14, 1699-1700.— See Res;., 
Vol. VIII. p. 128/;— (12) Ebenezer, 4 [t] b. Oct. 25, 1678, m. Hannah, 
dau. of Elder Samuel Clap, and grand dau. of Capt. Roger. His wife 
was born in 1681, d. Aug. 9, 1747; his 2d wife was Mrs. Hannah Eddv 
of Boston, whom he m. Nov. 13, 1749. He d. May 20, 1750 ;— (13) 
Mehetable, 4 b. Aug. 30, 1684, d. Feb. 20, 1685. 

6. Noah3 Clap had ch. : (14) Anna, 4 b. Sept. 10, 1691 ;— (15) 
Sarah, 4 b. April 30, 1693, m. John Bowker, Feb. 21, 1721, had ch. : 
Noah 6 and Joseph. 5 After the death of Mr. B. she m. a Mr. Moore, by 
whom she had a dau. Mary; — (16) Mary, 4 b. Sept. 20, 1695, m. John 
Cheney of Framingham, Dec. 25, 1730. They had 2 children who were 
living in 1751, Tristram and Elias; (17) Elias, 4 b. June 14, 1709, d. 
Oct. 5, 1713;— (18) Noah, 4 d. Sept. 27, 1714. It is thought that Mary 
was the second wife of Noah, 3 and mother to Elias 4 and Noah, 4 only. 
It also appears that there was a dau. who m. a Mr. Joyner. 

9. John 4 Clap, by wife Silence, had ch. : (19) Jo/m, 5 [f] b. March 
21, 1700 ; removed to Sudbury, m. Abigail Estabrook, in March, 1723. 
She was b. Sept. 25, 1702, d. xMay 26, 1790. He had a common school 
education, but being uncommonly studious and attentive to books, and 
having a very retentive memory withal, furnished himself with a most 
surprising fund of knowledge — was able to converse with any person on 
philosophy, astronomy, mathematics in all its various branches, geography, 
divinity, &c, &c. His company was courted by all his literary acquaint- 
ance. Yet with all his acquired knowledge, he never accumulated any 
pecuniary profit by it, such gains not being his object. He lived above 
want, which was the extent of his wishes, and died a firm and sincere 
christian, April 12, 1788, aged 88;— (20) Thankful, 4 b. Oct. 6, 1706, 

m. Willis, whose descendants are now living in Sudbury; — (21) 

Nathaniel, 4 b. Sept. 10, 1709, prob. d. young ;— (22) Elizabeth, 4 m. 
Peter Noyse, deacon of the church in Sudbury; he was b. May 22, 1700. 

1861.] Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. 227 

10. Jonathan 4 Clap, by wife Sarah (Capen) had ch. : — (23) Sarah? 
bap. June 17, 1704, d. young ;— (24) Jonathan, b [t~] b. Dec. 6, 1705, m. 
Jean Tucker of Milton, Aug. 26, 1736, who d. June 18, 1749, a? 35. 
His second wife was Deborah Straten of Braintree, m. March 29, 1750. 
She d. Feb. 16, 1780, ae. 75. He d. Feb. 14, 1786;— (25) Nathaniel? b. 
May 30, 1709, d. March 18, 1710;— (26) Nathaniel? b. July 27, 1711, 
d. Aug. 6, 1711 ;— (27) Sarah? b. May 11, 1714, m. Hopestill Leeds in 
1736, she d. June 13, 17^8, ee. 55. They left 2 sons, Daniel and Jonathan 
—one dau. d. March 18, 1737. Mr. L. d. Jan. 14, 1795, ae. 93 :— (28) 
Noah?[f] b. Jan. 25, 1718, grad. H. C. 1735, at the a^e of seventeen; 
m. Ann (70), dau. of Ebenezer (30) Clap, Dec. 11, 1760. He studied 
theology, and preached occasionally in his native town and its vicinity, 
but owing to his feeble health was never settled in the ministry. He was 
selectman, assessor, and town treasurer of Dorchester 37 years success- 
ively, and town clerk near 50 years, during which time he recorded above 
1700 births, 900 deaths, and 400 marriages. He was schoolmaster, at 
four different periods, for 18 years. He was a subscriber to " Prince's 
Chronology." See interesting notices of Mr. C. by his grandson Ebenezer 
(133), (Reg. VI. p. 373 ; Hist. Dorchester, p. 356,,) who seems to inherit 
the antiquarian spirit of his grandfather Noah. See also "Blake's Annals 
of Dorchester;"— (29) David? [f] b. Nov. 11, 1720, m. Ruth Humphreys, 
June 20, 1754. He d. Aug. 17, 1787 ; his widow died April 13, 1773. 

12. Ebenezer 4 Clap, by wife Hannah (Clap), had ch. : — (30) Eben- 
ezer?\f] b. Oct. 4, 1705, m. Hannah, dau. of John and Abigail Pierce, 
Feb. 21, 1727-8. He built the house at present owned and occupied by 
liis grand dau. Elizabeth (137), in what is now kt Willow Court." It was 
raised May 15, 1750, and his family removed into it Oct. 10th of the same 
year. He d. about 15 months afterwards, viz., Jan. 10, 1752, se. 48 ; his 
widow d. Nov. 24, 1757, a?. 49;— (31) Hannah? b. Nov. 28, 1707, m. 
John Tolman, Jr., June 2, 1735 ;— [32) John? b. Aug. 2, 1710. The 
following is the record of his death. " 1735, June 12, John Clap, son of 
Mr. Ebenezer Clap, was drawing a heavy log upon a pair of draughts, 
and the lever slipping loose, the end flew over and struck him on the fore- 
head, of w ch he died in about 24 hours, he being then at Stoughton." He 
was probably unmarried ; — (33) Nathaniel? [f] b. Jan. 22, 1712-13, m. 
Sarah Howe, Jan. 1, 1740. He d. March 18, 1750-51; she d. Nov. 2, 
1796,a3. 75;— (34) Joseph? [f] b. Oct. 9. 1715, m. Abigail Dyer, Jan. 
23, 1745, who d. May 19, 1760; he m. Abigail Trescott, Aprif 2, 1761, 
who d. Aug. 31, 1791, a. 70. He d. Feb. 14, 1789 ; (35) Elizabeth? b. 
Ail?., 1718, m. Samuel How, Dec. 2, 1736 ;— (36) Roger?[i] b. April 
28, 1721, m. Susanna Wales, about 1748; he d. Aug. 1, 1807 ;— (37) 
Mary? b. Nov. 18, 1726, m. Thomas Bird, Dec. 14, 1749. 

19. John 5 Clap, by wife Abigail (Estabrook), had ch. :— (38) Beulah? 
b. Jan. 1, 1724, m. Phineas Walker in 1744, and settled in Rutland, 
Mass. ;— (39) Joel?[f] b. July 2, 1726, m. Elizabeth Burk, Oct. 14, 
1749; he served in the French war, and died in 1770 ;— (40) Jerusha?' 
b. May 14, 1728, m. Ambrose Tower, Oct. 10, 1751 ; descendants in 
Sudbury ;— (41) Asahel, G {i] b. March 12, 1729-30, m. 1st, Rebecca 
Baker; 2d, Elizabeth Gilbert. Thev settled in Rutland ;— (42) Ann? 

b. Feb. 9, 1732, m. Knight, in 1756; (43) Mary* b. Nov. 18, 

1733, m. Muzzy, and settled in Hubbardston ;— (44) John? b. 

228 Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. [July? 

Dec. 24, 1735, d. July 6, 1736 ;— (45) Silas, 6 b. Sept. 17, 1737, d. Dec. 
11, 1755;— (46) Daniel, 6 b. O t. 10, 1739, who married, it is believed, 
but left no children. He was a member of the First Provincial Congress 
of Mass. in 1774, from Rutland ; was also a colonel ; the latter part of 
his life was spent in Worcester; he was register of deeds for that county 
more than 35 years; — (46 J) Samuel 6 d. Dec. 11, 1755. 

24. Jonathan 5 Clap, by wife Jean (Tucker), had ch. ; — (47) Jona- 
than 6 ^ b. Sept. 4, 1737, m. Elizabeth Bishop, Dec. 18, 1759. She was 
b. in 1732, d. Oct. 5, 1805 ; he d. Feb. 6, 1788;— (48) Jane 6 b. June 5, 
1739, m. Ebenezer Bird, Feb. 8, 1759; had children in Dorchester; re- 
moved to Williamsburg, Mass. ; — (49) Sarah, 6 b. April 30, 1742, d. Sept. 
8, 1747: — (50) Ezra, 6 [i] b. Ausj. 15, 1745, m. 1st, Susanna Humphreys, 
Oct. 25, 1770, who d. Aug. 31, 1778, re. 31 ; 2d, Mrs. Mary Walker, May 
27, 1779; his 3d wife, name unknown ; — (51) Sarah, 6 b. June 8, 1749, m. 
Bradley, and rem. to New London, Conn. 

28. Noah 5 Clap, bv wife Ann (Clap), had ch. : (52) Ann 6 b. Nov. 9, 
1761, d. unm. March 15, 1787 ;— (53) Hannah, 6 b. April 22, 1763, d. 
unm. Nov. 24, 1793;— (54) Jo/m, 6 [t] b. Sept. 11, 1764, m. Susanna 
Robinson, dau. of James and Sarah Robinson of Dorchester, Nov. 20, 
1794. She was b. June 10, 1771, d. May 9, 1802. He m. 2d, Priscilla, 
dau. of Jonathan and Marv Ann Holden, Nov. 6, 1S03, who was b. March 
22, 1777, d. Jan. 24, 1822; his 3d wife was Mrs. Ann Hawes, dau. of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Pierce, b. Sept. 13, 1778, m. May 22, 1823: now 
living in Virginia. John, 6 was a deacon of the First Church in Roxbury, 
where he died Sept. 23, 1840. From an exceedingly interesting notice 
of him, by his pastor, Rev. George Putnam, D. D., we make the following 
extracts. " He seemed to embody in himself all that is most respectable 
and lovely in our idea of the primitive worthies of New England. * * * 
I know nothing of his parentage, but his seemed the sort of character, in 
which the seeds of all the virtues had been early planted and nurtured in 
a good soil, by parents of the same stamp, and that they had grown up 
and strengthened with him. There was an evenness and a perfect con- 
sistency of life, very pleasant to contemplate — a crown of honor to an 
old man. He was a plain downright man, who never did or said anything 
for show — and there was such simplicity and utter sincerity'in him that 
one cannot conceive that he ever had occasion to study appearances. 
# * # j} e was a p; c t ure f a C alm, cheerful, blameless, contented old 
age — such fruitage as only grows from the root of religious principle — on 
the trunk of a well-spent life;" — (55) Lois, 6 b. Oct. 15, 1765, d. Jan. 11, 
1766 ; — (56) Elizabeth, 6 b. Jan. 10, 1767, m. Hon. Ebenezer Seaver of 
Roxbury, Dec. 22, 1788. Mr. S. grad. H. C. 1784 ; was representative in 
Congress ten years from 1803 to 1813, under the administrations of Jef- 
ferson and Madison. They had 8 children, viz. : Ebenezer, 7 Jonathan, 7 
Elizabeth, 7 Sarah, 7 Joshua, 7 Susan, 7 Lucv, 7 Nathaniel. 7 The mother died 
Feb. 22, 1838, the father d. March 1, 1844, a. 81 ;— (57) Sarah, 6 b. Oct. 7, 
1768, m. John Holden of Dorch., Dec. 3, 1792, d. Nov. 21, 1806 ; ch. ;— 
Ann, 7 Mary Ann, 7 Ebenezer, 7 Sarah, 7 John, 7 Beulah. 7 Mr. H. m. for his 
2d wife, Rhoda Sumner of Taunton, Sept. 9, 1811, who is living; — (58) 
Lydia, 6 b. Feb. 3, 1770, m. James Pierce, June 20, 1796 ; settled in Rox- 
bury. She d. Oct. 7, 1814, leaving ch.: James, 7 John, 7 Hannah, 7 Ann 7 ; — 
(59) Ebenezer 6 b. Aug. 25, 1771, m. Eunice, dau. of John and Sarah 
(Blake) Pierce, Oct. 18, 1797. She d. Nov. 23, 1849 ; he m. Oct. 22, 1850, 

1861.] Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. 229 

Patty, wid. of Ezekiel Holden, who survives. He was for many years 
selectman, assessor, overseer of the poor, one of the school committee, 
representative to the General Court, &c. ; and was deacon of the First 
church more than 50 years. He d. March 6, 1860. See an obituary 
notice of him, in Reg., Vol. XIV. p. 284. Dea. Clap, by his first wife, 
had 13 children, viz. : Hepzibah, 7 Asahel, 7 Jonas, 7 John Pierce, 7 Lucy, 7 
Jonas, 7 Ebenezer, 7 Ann, 7 Elizabeth, 7 Eunice, 7 Joel, 7 Hiram, 7 Amos 7 ; 8 of 
whom are living. See Blake Family, p. 66 ; — (60) Lucy, b. March 27, 
1776; was for many years a teacher of children. Hon. Alexander H. 
Everett, and his brother Hon. Edward Everett, were among her pupils. 
She d. unm. June 11, 1804. 

29. David 5 Clap, by wife Ruth (Humphreys), had ch.: — (61) Hannah, 6 
b. May 22, 1755, d. unm. April 21, 1831 ;— (62) Sarah 6 b. Aug. 19, 
1757, d. unm. Sept. 13, 1839 ;— (63) Elizabeth,* b. Dec. 17, 1758, d. unm. 
Jan. 23, 1819;— (64) David,*[f] b. Nov. 30, 1759, m. Susanna Hum- 
phreys, Dec. 9, 1794; she d. Jan. 27, 1800 ; he m. Azubah Capen of 
Stoughton, who d. Aug. 10, 1835. He d. May 15, 1846 ;— (65) Ruth, 6 b. 
April 21,1761, d. unm. April 13, 1815;— (66) Abigail. 6 b. Dec. 28, 1763, d. 
unm. Aug. 9, 1814 ;— (67) Samue1, 6 [t~] b. June 13, 1766, m. Anna, dau. 
of Christopher Capen of Canton, Mass., Nov. 27, 1801. He d. July 17, 
1830 ; she d. April 13, 1853, a. 82 vrs. 6 mos. ;— (68) Se//i, 6 [t] b. Nov. 
2, 1767, m. Sally Hawes, about 1793, who d. Dec. 19, 1826, a. 53. He 
d. March 8, 1836. 

30. Ebenezer 5 Clap, by wife Hannah (Pierce), had ch. : — (69) 
Abigail, 6 b. Jan. 1728-9, m. Henry Humphreys, June 5, 1752. She d. 
June 23, 1809. They had 10 children; one of whom was Dea. James 
Humphreys, who d. in Dorchester, July 13, 1845, a. 92. See Reg. IV. 
198;— (70) Ann, 6 born March 16, 1731, married Noah (28) Clap, Dec. 
11, 1760. Her father was a cousin of her husband, so that bringing down 
the generations in rotation from the first settlers, her children, on her 
father's side, come before her; — (71) Ebenezer, G [t~\ born April 23, 1732, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Deacon Richard Hall, December 11, 
1755. She d. Feb. 17, 1779. The 2d wife of Ebenezer 6 was Mary, 
dau. of Enoch Glover, whom he m. May 13, 1779. He was a colonel 
of the militia. He presented the town of Dorchester with an elegant 
clock. This was first placed in the meeting-house of the First church. 
The building was taken down in 1817, when the clock was removed to the 
town house, where it now remains. He d. Jan. 29, 1802. It is said that 
his estate was the largest, at that date, that had ever been rendered in 
Norfolk county to the Probate court ;— (72) Daniel, 6 b. Feb. 19, 1733-4, 
d. June 19, 1734 ;— (73) Lemuel, 6 \;\] b. April 9, 1735, m. Susanna Capen, 
Dec. 11, 1760, the same day that his sister, Ann, 6 was m. to Noah Clap. 
His wife Susanna d. March 6, 1767, a. 26. His second wife was Re- 
becca, dau. of Rev. Samuel Dexter of Dedham, whom he m. Nov. 3, 
1768. Lemuel 6 was a captain in the revolutionary war ; bed. Dec. 29, 
1819; his widow d. May 31, 1823, a. 84 ;— (74) Hannah 6 b. Sept. 8, 
1736, m. Timothy Tileston, June 19, 1755. She d. .Ian 5, L804 ; he d. 
April 20, 1819, a.91;— (75) John 6 b. .Inly 17, 1738,d. Feb. 19, 1739 ;— (76) 
Elizabeth, 6 b. Jan. 10, 1739-10, d. June 22, 1741 ;— (77) Elizabeth 6 b. 
Aug. 18, 1741, d. Dec. 18, 1711 ;— (78) Elisha* b. June 10, 1713, in. 
Sarah, dau. of Thomas Bird, June 17, 1773. They had one child, Elisha, 
b. Dec. 29, 1775, about 4£ months after his father's death, who lived 15 

230 Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. [July? 

days. The father d. Aug. 14, 1775; his widow m. John Hawes. See 
Hist, of South Boston, p. 238 ;— (79) WUUamf[t] b. Aug. 8, 1745, m. 
Sarah Tileston of Boston, Dec. 1, 1768, and d. March 8, 1778. 

33. Nathaniel 5 Clap, by wife Sarah (Howe"), had ch.; — (80) John, 6 
[t] b. Oct. 11, 1741, m. 1st; Hannah Baker, Nov. 29, 1764; 2d, Polly 
Vaughn, Sept. 15, 1784 ;— (81) Sarah, 5 b. Oct. 4, 1742 ;— (82) Nathan- 
iel,*[i] b. April 22, 1744, m. 1st, Eunice, dau. of Thomas Bird, April 3, 
1770 ; she was b. July 1, 1743, d. June 4, 1770.(?) He m. Hannah Wheeler, 
Nov. 14, 1782. He d. Oct. 11, 1823 ;— (83) Samue1,*[i] b. July 13, 
1745, rn. 1st, Elizabeth Foster, June 14, 1770; his 2d wife was Hannah, 
dau. of Dea. Edward Pierce, whom he m. Dec. 13, 1811. He d. Jan. 
22, 1823 ;— (84) Elizabeth* b. Oct. 29, 1746, m. Samuel Baker, a broth- 
er of Preserved Baker, who m. her sister Submit ; — (85) Isaac* b. Mav 
9, 1748, d. Jan. 29, 175<) ;— (86) Submit* b. Jan. 9, 1749-50, d. Jan. 11, 
same year; — (87) Submit* b. Feb. 5, 1750-1, m. Preserved Baker : ch.: 
Nathaniel, 7 John, 7 who was a sheriff in Norfolk county, Benjamin, 7 and 
Martha. 7 Submit, 6 d. Dec. 28, 1836. Mr. B. d. Jan. 16, 1832, a. 85. 

34. Joseph 5 Clap, by wife Abigail (Dyer), had ch. : — (88) Abigail * 
b. Nov. 11, 1746, d. Dec. 24, 1750 ;— (89) Hannah* b. May 11, 1749, d. 
Feb. 14, 1750-1 ;— (90) Joseph <[t] b. Oct. 24, 1751, m. Abigail Giover, 
who d. Oct. 3, 1775, a. 24; 2d, Abigail Humphreys, m. Nov. 14, 1776. 
He d. Sept. 18, 1823; she d. in 1830;— (91) Abigail,* b. May 24, 1754; 
(92) Timothy* b. May 27, 1756, d. next day. 

36. Roger 5 Clap, by wife Susannah (Wales), had ch. : — (93) Roger, 6 
b. Feb. 24, 1749, d. same day ;— (94) Stephen,* b. March 21, 1753; was 
in the war of the revolution, and died away from home ; — (95) Ezekiel*\_i] 
b. March 14, 1756, m. Lvdia Pratt of YVevmouth, in 1777. He d. Nov. 
4, 1823; she d. Jan. 17", 1837 ;— (96) Nathaniel, *[i] b. July 13, 1761, 
m. Hannah Glover, Nov. 24, 1791. He d. March 27, 1826; she d. Feb. 
25, 1829. 

39. Joel 6 Clap, bv wife Elizabeth (Burk), had ch. :— (97) John, 7 b. 
June 29, 1750, d. Feb. 16, 1752 ;— (98 & 99) Caleb 1 and Joshua,'' b. Feb. 
9, 1752; were both officers in the revolutionary war. Caleb 7 m. Miss 
Stone of Rutland, Mass., and removed to Greenfield, from which town he 
was a rep. to the General Court ; his name is among the original signatures 
of the Society of Cincinnati ; he died in 1812 ; had 4 daus. Joshua, 7 m. 
Nabby Barnard, a sister of Charles Barnard of Boston ; removed to Mont- 
gomery, Vt., in 1792, and was the first settler there, his family being the 
only one in the town for two years. He was father of Rev. Joel Clap, 8 
D. D., b. Sept. 14, 1793, who d. in Claremont, N. H., Feb. 23, 1861, and 
of Rev. Caleb, 8 b. April 25, 1810, both Episcopal ministers. The latter 
resides, it is believed, in New York State. Joshua 7 and Nabby Clap had 
one other son, and three daughters. Joel, 3 was the oldest and Caleb 8 the 
youngest of their children. Joshua 7 d. Nov. 5, 1810. See Willard^s 
Hist, of Greenfield, p. 151 ;— (100) Cate, 7 b. Sept. 6, 1753, m. 1st, Na- 
than Haynes ; 2d, Cutting; 3d, Wilder ; (101) John, 7 b. 

Nov. 9, 1755, d. Dec. 17, J757;— (102) Nabby, 7 b. Dec. 6, 1757. 

41. Asahel 6 Clap, by wife Rebecca (Baker), had ch. : — (103) Jonas 7 
b. Nov. 13, 1761, m. Abigail Garfield ; lived and died in Oakham, Mass. ; 
children : Silas, 8 Joseph, 8 Jonas, 8 Sally, 8 Luther Johnson, 8 Irene, 8 Daniel, 8 

1861.] Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. 231 

Asahel 8 ;— (104) Reuben, 7 b. May 8, 1766, m. Hepzibah Gates of Hub- 
bardston, Mass.; he removed to Montgomery, Vt., in 1798, where he had 
Asahel, 8 (of New Albany, Ind. ; an able physician, and one of the most 
accomplished naturalists in the west,) John L., 8 Matilda, 8 Emily, 8 Myra, 3 
Rowland, 8 Jonathan, 8 Daniel, 8 William, 8 Sophia 8 ;— (105) Abigail] 7 of 
Oakham, unm. 

By wife Elizabeth (Gilbert), had ch.:— (106) Uriah 7 b. July 16, 1769, 
m. Azubah Wilder. He lives in Gardner; children: — Asahel, 8 Daniel, 8 
Mary B., 8 Lovel 8 ; -(107) Jort? b. Dec. 27, 1772, m. Patty Barnes; by 
whom he had ch. : — Joseph B., 8 Lucy, 8 Charles 8 ; his 2d wife was Widow 
Betsy Kimball, by whom he had Martha, 8 Asahel, 8 Selinda. 8 He lives in 
Holden ;— (108) Elizabeth 7 b. Feb. 28, 1768, d. unm. May 14, 1842;— 
(109) Patience 7 b. Dec. 17, 1774, d. unm. Dec. 1, 1838. 

47. Jonathan 6 Clap, by wife Elizabeth (Bishop), had ch.: — (110) Jon- 
athan? h. May 6, 1761, d. May 30, 1761;— (111) Jean 7 b. Aug. 1, 1763, m. 
Jonathan Blackman of Dorch. ; he d. Jan. 29, 1813; she d. March 26, 
1819 : had children, Elizabeth, 8 Charles, 8 Mary, 8 Henry 8 ; — (112) Eliza- 
beth? b. Sept. 25, 1776, m. Lemuel Collyer of Dorch., Dec. 6, 1789 ; she 
d. May 10, 1812; he d. April 5, 1813; had children, Lemuel 8 and Ed- 
ward, 8 " (twins,) Jonathan, 8 Edward 8 ; — (113) Susanna 7 b. Sept. 20, 1769, 
d. unm. ; — (114) Jonathan 7 b. Jan. 25, 1772, m. Jane Baden of Brain- 
tree, Sept. 8, 1793. He. d. Aug. 1849; she d. Dec. 30, 1858, se. 91. 
They had a son, George, 8 who is living. 

50. Ezra 6 Clap, by wife Susanna (Humphreys), had ch.: — (115)Lo/.s, 7 

b. Oct. 20, 1771, m. — Peabody ;— ( 1 16) Susanna 7 b. Dec. 30, 1772 ; 

—(117) Jonas Humphreys 7 b. June 21, 1778, d. April 6, 1794. 

By wife Mary (Walker) had ch.:— (118) Ezra 7 b. Nov. 23, 1780;— 
(119) Josiah? b. Nov. 20, 1782. 

54. John 6 Clap, by wife Susannah (Robinson), had ch. : — (120) 
Susannah R. 7 , b. Aug. 12, 1796, m. Benjamin B. Davis of Brookline, 
July 8, 1818. She d. Oct. 10, 1837, leaving two children. Mr. D. m. 
for his 2d wife, Elizabeth, dau. of Hon. Ebenezer Seaver, a cousin to his 
first wife ; — (121) Sarah Ann 7 b. June 24, 1800, m. Otis VVithington of 
Brookline, Nov. 27, 1828. She d. Nov. 23, 1839. Mr. W. afterward m. 
Lucy Clap, sister of his first wife. Lucy, 7 his 2d wife, d. Jan. 25, 1846. 

By wife Priscilla (Holden) had ch. :— (122) Lucy 7 b. July 19, 1804, 
who m. Otis Withington, as above, has one child; — (123) Edward? 
b. May 18, 1807; was drowned on the westerly side of Thompson's 
Island, July 28, 1826;— (124) John 7 b. Sept. 25, 1809, was drowned 
with his brother Edward, on the day above mentioned. John went into 
the water to bathe; getting suddenly beyond his depth, and being unable 
to swim, he cried for help ; Edward plunged in to his assistance, and they 
both sank to rise no more; — (125) James Baker? b. Sept. 20, 1812; — 
(126) Jane? b. April 27, 1816, m. Moses VVithington, brother of Otis. 
She d. Feb. 16, 1853. 

64. David 6 Clap, by wife Azubah (Capon) had ch. : — (127) Susanna 
Humphreys? b. May 16, 1802, m. Charles Tucker of Milton, in July, 1825. 
She d. Jan. 1, 183.3, leaving two children, Charles 3 and John A. 8 ;— ( 128) 
Theophilus Capen? b. Dec. 1, 1803, m. Jane, dau. of Stephen Blake of 
Stoughton, Oct. 16, 1834, by whom ho had David, 8 Susannah II.. Stephen 
B., 8 Elijah Blake 8 ;— (129) David? b. Feb. 6, 1806, m Mary Elizabeth, 

232 Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. [J^y? 

dau. of Atherton Tucker of Milton, in April, 1835. He is a printer. 
Had children: — Mary Susannah, 3 John Cotton, 8 Elizabeth Atherton, 8 
David Capen, 8 Caroline T. 8 ;— (130) Azubah Capen, 7 b. Nov. 1, 1808. 

67. Samuel 6 Clap, by wife Anna (Capen), had ch. : — (131) Anna 7 b. 
Nov. 11, 1805;— (132) Samuel Capen, 1 b, April 1, 1810, d. of consump- 
tion, Oct. 28, 1831, a. 21. A small volume, containing some of his writ- 
ings, with a memoir, was printed soon after his death, under the direction 
of Rev. Dr. Harris. 

68. Seth 6 Clap, by wife Sally (Havves), had ch.:— (133) Sarah 7 b. 
March 20, 1794, who m. Thomas Lyon of Dorchester in 1841, he being 
about 83, she 47 years of age. After his death she m. Josiah Davenport. 

71. Ebenezer 6 Clap, bv wife Elizabeth (Hall), had ch.: — (134) 
Ebenezer, 7 b. March 19, 1757, d. June 11, 1763;— (135) Hannah 7 b. 
March 19, 1759, m. Henry Gardner, Sept. 21, 1778. He was for many 
years treasurer of the State. He had two sons: Henry 8 d. June 19, 1858, 

a. 79 ; and Joseph, 8 d. June 20, 1809, a. 28, who were both doctors of 
medicine. Henry 8 was father of Ex-Gov. Henry Joseph 9 Gardner and 
Mrs. Daniel Denny. Hannah, 7 m. Dec. 28, 1784, for her 2d husband, Rev. 
Moses Everett, minister of Dorchester, by whom she had nine children. 

By wife Mary (Glover) had ch. :— (136) Polly 7 b. Feb. 20, 1780, d. 
Dec. 10, 1799;— (136i) Ebenezer 7 b. Aug. 20, 1781, d. unm. at the 
island of St. Thomas, W. I., May 18, 1821 ;— (137) Elizabeth 7 b. Sept. 
10, 1782, m. James Howe, June 30, 1803. He d. Aug. 27, 1830, a. 49 ; 
had 2 children, Eliza Ann, 8 James Theodore 8 ; — (138) Lemuel 7 b. June 2, 
1784;— (139) Eleazer, 7 b. Aug. 18, 1786, grad. H. C, 1807; was a 
physician ; d. Aug. 27, 1817 ;— (140) Benjamin, 7 b. July 17, 1788, d. Oct. 

12, 1789 ;— (141) Enoch, 7 b. Aug. 6, 1790, m. Mary Tyson of Baltimore, 
abt. 1812, had Mary, 8 Elizabeth H., 8 Rebecca C., 8 Mary T., 8 Nathan T., 8 
Benj. Franklin 8 ; — (142) Ann 7 b. Dec. 8, 1792, m. Alexander Balch, April 
4, 1811, d. July 5, 1812, a. 26, by whom she had Ann A., 8 who m. Francis 
D. Kidder in 1834. Ann 7 m. for her 2d husband, John Wheeler, Jan. 10, 
1819, by whom she had 7 children, John S., 8 Alexander W., 8 James H., 8 
Elisha C., 8 Frederick L., 8 Elizabeth E., 8 Harriet F. 8 ;— (143) Benjamin 7 

b. Jan. 16, 1795, m. in 1840, Elizabeth, dau. of Stephen Pierce; had ch. 
Mary Elizabeth, 8 Benjamin, 8 Elizabeth Anna, 8 Ebenezer 8 ; — (144) Eli- 
sha, 7 b. Oct. 22, 1796, d. Aug. 8, 1823;— (145) Amasa, 7 'b. Jan. 14, 1799. 

73. Lemuel 6 Clap, by wife Susanna (Capen), had ch. : — (146) 
Susanna, 7 b. Nov. 2, 1761, d. Dec. 10, 1761 ;— (147) Lemuel, 7 b. Aug. 5, 
1763, d. April 5, 1783 ;— (US) Edward, 7 b. Jan. 24, 1765, d. Dec. 16, 1790. 

By wife Rebecca (Dexter) had ch.:— (149) Samuel, 7 b. Oct. 1, 1769, 
d. Jan. 1, 1770 ;— (150) Ebenezer, 7 b. Oct. 8, 1770, d. March 13, 1806; m. 
Abigail Glover (180) Clap, dau. of Joseph (90) Clap, Nov. 12, 1795, had 
ch. : Abigail, 8 m. Josiah Adams of Salem ; Catharine Barnard, 8 m. John 
W. Harris, afterward James Blake, the former husband of her sister Polly ; 
Pollv, 8 who m. James Blake ; — (151) Rebecca, 7 b. Nov. 13, 1771. d. Nov. 

13, i772 ;— (W2)Jason, 7 b. Sept. 20,1773, m. Louisa M. Hutchins, Oct. 29, 
1829, by whom he had dau. Louisa, who m. Albert W. Bee. Jason 7 d. Dec. 
8, 1852;— (153) Richard, 7 b. Oct. 15, 1774, d. Sept. 20, 1775;— (154) 
Elisha, 7 b. June 25, 1776, grad. H. C, 1797, was tutor of Greek two 
years ; studied for the ministry, — preached a short time, — received a call 
in 1804, to settle at Fitchburg, which was declined ; afterwards was prin- 
cipal of Sandwich Academy ; was teacher in Boston many years ; was 
much interested in historical pursuits. He m. in 1825, Mary, oldest dau. 

IS61.] Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. 233 

of Hon. Robert Treal Paine, our of the signers of the Declaration. Mr 
Clap d. Oct. 22, 1830; Lis wid. d. Feb. 27, 1842;— (155) Stephen, 1 b. 
Sept. 9, 1777, d. July 11, 1778;— (156) Wil iam, 1 b. March 3, 1779, m. 
Dec. 15, 1806, Elizabeth, dau. of Dea. James Humphreys, and d. Feb. 
29, I860; had children, Elizabeth," William, 8 Thaddeus, 8 Frederick, 8 
Lemuel," Elizabeth Humphreys," Rebecca Dexter," James," Alexander." 
See obituary notice, Reg., vol. 14, p. 285 ;— ( 157} Richard, 1 b. July 24, 
17s(), in. Nov. :{, 1807, Mary, dau. of Jonathan and Sarah 'Pierce) 
Blake; had children, Sarah Blake, 8 Lemuel Dexter," Mary, 8 Richard, 8 
Catharine 8 & Rebecca" twins , Rebecca," Alfred," Martha, 8 Elisha, 8 Mary, 8 
James Blake." See "Blake Family," p. 58 ;— ( 158 Catharine: b. April 
17 1782;— (159) Rebecca, 1 h. March 6, 1784, d. Dec. 11, 1855. 

79. William" Clap, by wife Sarah (Tileston), had ch.:— (160) Will- 
iam Tileston, 1 b. Sept. i 1, 1770, m. Lucretia Hewes, April 14, 1794. She 
was b. April 1. 1775. They had 11 children: Martha Hewes," William 
John, 8 Sarah Till \nu Lucretia, 8 Charles, 8 Shubael Hewes, 8 Lucretia 
Hewes, 8 Joseph Hewes," Abigail Seaver Hewes, 8 Charlotte Ann Hewes, 8 
Lydia Carver 8 ;-— (161) John, 1 b. Jan. 29, 1773;— (162) Mary, 1 d. when 
about i) years of a 

80. John 8 Clap, by Hannah (Baker) had ch.:— (163) John, 1 b. Dec. 
19, 1768, in. Elizabeth Wilson, July 30, 1789, by whom he had Hannah. 8 
Abraham," Elizabeth," Isaac," Jacob, 8 Hannah, 8 Joseph. 8 His 2d wife 
was Mehitable Allen, by whom he had John, 8 Aaron." I le d. May 16, 1816. 
His widow married again;— (164) Hannah, 1 and (165] Nathaniel, 7 twins, 
b. June 10, L772; Hannah 7 d. June 15, 1776; Nathaniel 7 d. Oct. IS. 1774; 
—(166) Nathaniel, 1 b. Aug. 28, 1777, m. Polly, dau. of John Williams, 
Oct. is, 1800; his 2d wife was Miss Lucretia Johnson of Charlestown, m. 
Sept. 20, 1806, by whom he had Mary W., 8 Lucretia, 8 Lucretia, 8 Caroline 
S., 8 M irgarei A.," Margaret A. 8 He'd. Jan. 21, 1859. 

82. Nathaniel" Clap, by wife Eunice (Bird), had ch. : — (167) 
Eunice, 1 b. May *.:.">, 1770, who m. Caleb Williams of Dorchester. They 
had Caleb" and Charles." 

By wife Hannah (Wheeler) had ch. :— (168) Nathaniel, 1 b. Dec. 21, 
1783, m, Mary, dau. of Joshua Gardner; he grad. II. C, 1805, and for 
a while kept the Grammar School in the north part of Dorchester; was 
afterwards in the Tremonl Bank, Boston; d. Nov. 4, 1847; had 8 children; 
Louisa," Joshua Gardner," Adeline Maria, 8 Gustavus William, 8 Mary 
Elizabeth," Catharine Gardner," Francis Henrv, 8 Amelia Rebecca 8 ; — 
(169) Nancy, 1 b. May 23, 1789, m. Joseph W. Bird ;— (170) Moses, 1 b. 
Feb. 16, 1796;— (171) Hannah, 1 b. Aug. 15, 1798, m. 1st, Josiah Kings- 
bury, who d. June, 1832, a. 52 ; ch : — Martha, 8 m. Andrew Sumner; Caro- 
line, 8 in. John H. Sumner. Hannah 7 m. 2d, Josiah Foster, and had Josiah, 8 
who d. young ; she d. May 4, 1856. 

83. Samuel" Clap, by wife Elizabeth (Foster), had ch. : — (172) 
Samuel, 1 b. Sept. 20, 1771, m. Sarah Tol man, May 22, 1800. His 2d 
wife was Susanna, dau. of Jonathan Holdcn, whom he m. March 9, 1815. 
Samuel 7 d. Aug. 21, 1834. He had 7 children by his 1st wife, viz.: Mary 
Ann II., 8 James, 8 Sarah, 8 Elizabeth, 8 Harriet, 8 Caroline, 8 Lucy 8 ; and 5 
by the 2d wife ; Susanna B., 8 Susanna B., 8 Samuel A., 8 Caroline, 8 Timo- 
thy ;" — (173) Jemima, 1 b. Feb. 13, 1774, m. Jonathan Edministerof Mai- 
den;— (174) Timothy, 1 b. March 28, 1777, m. Deborah Wait, Feb. 18, 

234 Nicholas Clap and his Descendants. [July, 

1806 ; children, Abigail D., 8 James, 8 Samuel H., 8 Isaac, 8 Elizabeth F. 8 
She d. Aug. 14, 1828, and he m. Sarah Wait, April 7, 1829 ; resides in 
Maiden ; — (175) Elizabeth, 7 b. Jan. 11, 1780, m. Edward Pierce of Dorch. 
They both d. in 1804, leaving Edward, 8 now living; — (176) James, 7 b. 
March 23, 1782, d. Feb. 18, 1800;— (177) Isaac 7 b. Dec. 27, 1784, d. 
Jan. 28, 1861. See notice of him in Reg., vol. XV. p. 182 ;— (178 & 178J) 
Moses 7 and Aaron 7 (twins) b. April 8 and 9, 1791. Moses d. Sept. 28, 
1791; Aaron d. Sept. 15, 1791. 

90. Joseph 6 Clap, by wife Abigail (Glover), had ch.: — (179) Joseph 7 
b. Aug. 10, 1774, m., March 24, 1796, Betsey Tileston, b. Dec. 22, 1776; 
was deacon of Rev. Dr. Cod man's church, and for many years one of 
the town assessors; had 11 children, viz.: Fanny Tileston, 8 Betsey, 8 
Joseph, 8 Fanny Tileston, 8 Hannah, 8 Harriet, 8 Sophia Sherburne, 6 John 
Codman, 8 James Otis, 8 Harriet Sherburne, 8 Samuel Worcester. 8 He d. 
June 14, 1852;— (180) Abigail Glover, 7 b. Sept. 26, 1775, m. Ebenezer 
(150) Clap, Nov. 12, 1795. She d. in June, 1838. 

By wife Abigail (Humphreys) had ch. : — (181) William, 7 b. March, 
1778, d. April 12, 1786 ;— (182) Samuel Dyer, 7 b. Nov. 4, 1779, m. 
Nancy Daniels ; no children. He d. in March, 1823; his widow d. in 
1831 ;— (183) Hannah, 7 b. July 25, 1781, d. Feb. 1, 1784;— (184) Sally, 7 
b. May 2, 1783, d. April 10, 1785;— (185) Hannah, 7 b. July 4, 1785, 
d. March 26, 1790;— (186) William, 7 b. Oct. 7, 1786, m. Sarah Bowman. 
He d. April 5, 1842; had 3 children ; William F., 8 Susan, 8 Isaac B. 8 ; — 
(187) Henry, 7 b. Oct. 13, 1788, m. Hannah Lemist, Oct. 12, 1812; had 
4 children ; Joseph Henry, 8 Mary Ann, 8 Elizabeth Ann, 8 Hannah Lemist; 8 
— (188) James, 7 b. April 20, 1790, m. Eliza Moore of Boston, June 18, 
1816; he d. March 28, 1860; they had no children ;— (189) Hannah, 7 b. 
Aug. 27, 1792, m. John Tolman, Oct. 11, 1820, by whom she had 4 chil- 
dren; Abigail, 8 John, 8 Hannah, 8 James 8 ; — (190) Harris, 7 b. May 31, 1794, 
d. July 11, 1795;— (191) Mary Ann, 1 b. April, 1796, m. Jonathan Ham- 
mond, Oct. 11, 1820. They had 3 children, viz.: Joseph William, 8 James, 8 
Mary Ann. 8 

95. Ezekiel 6 Clap, by wife Lydia (Pratt), had ch. : — (192) Stephen 7 
b. Dec. 22, 1778, m. Hannah White Humphreys, dau. of Dea. James 
Humphreys, Dec. 15, 1807. He d. March 23, 1850. Children: James 
Harris, 8 Edward, 8 Susan Champney, 8 Lucy Humphreys, 8 Jason, 8 Stephen, 3 
Hannah Humphreys, 8 Dorothy Harris, 8 Henry Barnard, 8 Lydia Elizabeth, 8 
William, 8 Amos 8 ;— (193) Susanna, 7 b. Jan. 29, 1782, m. Oliver W. 
Champney. She d. June 17, 1839. He d. Aug. 12, 1845, a. 77; (194) 
Edward 7 b. May 22, 1791, d. in Savannah, Geo., abt. Sept. 10, 1815; — 
(195) Ezekiel, 7 b. Sept. 5, 1793, d. unm. Sept. 3, 1848. 

96. Nathaniel 6 Clap, by wife Hannah (Glover), had ch. : — (196) 
Lewis 7 b. Oct. 17, 1792, m. Lucy Humphreys Clap, dau. of Stephen 
(192) Clap, May 7, 1835. He d. Jan. 28, 1854 ; had 6 children ; Lydia, 8 
Fanny, 8 Cornelia, 8 Clara Humphreys, 8 Antoinette, 3 Lucy 8 ; — (197) Enos 7 
b. May 31,1794, m. Adeline Cassell, July 18, 1834; had 4 children; 
Emily Quincy, 8 Caroline, 8 Alexander, 8 James Cassell 8 ; — (198) Joanna 7 
b. Feb, 15, 1797, d. unm. Sept. 9, 1832. 

Note. — It was omitted to mention, in its appropriate place, on page 226, that on the 
15th of May, 1740, Joseph Gardner of Boston, (grad. H. C. 1732,) was settled as col- 
league pastor with Rev. Nathaniel Clap of Newport, R. I.; dismissed June 10th, 1743; 
" was justice of the common pleas for Suffolk," and d. " at Boston, April 3, 1806, aged 
92." See p. 66, present vol. Mr. Helyer succeeded Mr. G. as colleague with Mr. Clap. 

1861.] The Pain Family. 235 


[Communicated by Gen. Ebenezbk W. Peirce.] 

Entirely innocent of the least disposition to find fault with the author 
of the genealogical record of the Paine family do we venture the remark, 
that the branch of that family who settled in Freetown, with their numer- 
ous descendants, seem, with few exceptions, to have escaped his obser- 
vation. This probably grew out of the neglect of members of that family 
residing here, and who were addressed by a circular letter from the author 
of that publication. As a community, the inhabitants of this town are 
remarkably remiss in matters pertaining to local history, and equally 
deficient in all genealogical research, and the Payne family by no means 
furnish an honorable exception to the general rule. It is therefore with a 
desire in some measure to supply the deficiency in that record, we for- 
ward the following as the result of our researches and labors to obtain 
facts concerning Ralph Pain and his posterity. 

Ancient Freetown was purchased of the Indians by twenty-six of "ye 
ancient freemen" of the colony of New Plymouth, not one of whom ever 
settled upon the purchase, but gave these lands to their children, or sold 
them to actual settlers. In some instances, however, these lots passed 
through the hands of several speculating proprietors before reaching an 
actual settler. 

The nineteenth lot, that at the division in 1660 had fallen to Constant 
Southworth, colonial treasurer,commissary general, &c. was, at hisdecease, 
given to his son Nathaniel and daughters Mercy Freeman, Alice Church 
and Mary Alden, by whom it was transferred to John Bailey and Thomas 
Drake of Weymouth. Bailey became an actual settler, and was elected 
one of the selectmen of Freetown, June, 1685, and died June 22, 1686. 
Whether Drake became an actual settler remains in doubt, but there are 
several circumstances that lead us to conclude that he did. 

These facts are enumerated because tradition, in this locality, has 
assigned to this tract the name of " Pain lot," when in truth only half 
was ever owned in that family, this being purchased by Ralph Pain, said 
to be of Rhode Island, June 12th, 1688. 

Bailey's half of the nineteenth lot was shared between his widow Anna 
(who we have good reason to believe was a daughter of John and Alice 
(Bebeech) Bourne), and her only daughter Sarah, who subsequently be- 
came the wife of David Evans. Evans, as proprietor of one half the 
tract divided with Ralph Payne, they and all former proprietors having 
held it in common and a considerable portion of the southerly half then 
assigned to Ralph Pain, is now, after the lapse of about one hundred and 
sixty years, still owned and occupied by his lineal descendants. 

Ralph Pain was married, and his eldest son born before the date of 
this purchase. The names of his children, by Doritha his wife, having 
been as follows : — 

John, born 1685, married Rebecca Davis of Freetown, Oct. 31, 1705, 
and died Dec. 17, 1765. 

Thomas, born , married Susanah Haskell, Feb. 21, 1712 ; and for 

a second wife, Anabel Canady, of Middleboro', Aug. 19, 1731. 

Joseph, born , married Ann Castleton, of Freetown, Nov. 20, 


236 The Pain Family. [July, 

Mary, born , married Slocum. 

Sarah, born , married Amos Briggs, Jan. 2, 1706. 

Ralph Pain, the parent, was grand juryman in 1696, and constable in 
1702. His will bore date of April 23, 1722, and his death occurred not 
long after. His grave, and that of his wife, are marked by large flat 
stones, bearing the letters R. P., D. P., but no date of their decease. 

Rebecca, the wife of John Pain, was a daughter of William Davis of 
Freetown and Mary Makepeace his wife, granddaughter of William Make- 
peace of Freetown and Ann Johnson his wife, and great-granddaughter 
of Thomas Makepeace of Boston. The children of John Pain and Re- 
becca his wife were, John, who married Philip Strange of Freetown, April 
10, 1738, and was drowned on Tucaniick shoals in 1745; Solomon, who 
married Lydia Soul of Tiverton in 1744 ; Sarah, married Seth Witherill 
of Freetown, April 3, 1729 ; Phebe, married Hugh Douglas of Freetown, 
Jan. 28, 1743; Rebecca, married John Baggs of Newport; Elizabeth, 

married William Davis of Freetown in 1735; Mary, married With- 

erell ; Margaret, married Elisha Peirce of Middleboro', Nov. 30, 1738 ; 
Priscilla, who married Benjamin Cleveland of Freetown, June 9, 1746. 

John Pain outlived nearly all his children, as appears from his will, 
bearing date of Feb. 5, 1763 — nearly three years before his decease. 
He was a surveyor of highways in Freetown for the years 1716, '17 and 
'21, grand juryman in 1722, and tythingman in 1723. His will pro- 
vided for the freedom of his slave Nero after wife Rebecca's decease. 

The children of Thomas Pain and Suzanah Haskell his wife were, 
Mercy, born Sept. 22 1712, married Seth Farrow; Elizabeth, born June 
15, 1714, married Hezekiah VVinslow of Freetown, May 30, 1737; 
Ralph, born Nov. 25, 1716, married Elizabeth Harlow of Plymouth in 
1742, and died July 29, 1791 ; Thomas, born May 22, 1719; Patience, 
born May 4, 1720, married Jonathan VVinslow of Freetown, Dec. 26, 
1743; Job, born Oct. 11, 1723, married Hannah Terry of Freetown, 
July 30, 1761 ; Charles, born and died at date unknown. Children by 

second wife, Anabel Canady — Thankful, born , married Joseph 

Brings of Taunton, May 27, 1756; Peter, born in 1741, died March 11, 

Thomas Pain, the parent, was a tythingman in 1725, and constable in 
1730. Will bore date of Oct. 27, 1752. 

We have not been able to find a record of the births of the children 
of Joseph Pain and Ruth Castleton his wife. The records of Berkley 
show that a Joseph Pam died in that town Oct. 27, 1760, but no age is 
given. Ruth Pain married Caleb Chase of Freetown in 1741, and their 
son Ebenezer Chase married Phebe Pain, Dec. 21, 1775, and their 
daughter Betty married Joseph Pain, Jr., of Freetown, Nov. 14, 1783. 
An Edward Pain, of Freetown, enlisted into the army, May 3, 1756. 
Most or all these are probably descended from Joseph and Ruth Pain. 

Of the children of Mary Pain, who married a Slocum, we can learn 

Sarah Pain married Amos Briggs, and their children were, Mercy, born 
June 26, 1706, married Nathan Briggs of Taunton, Jan. 23, 1724 ; Sarah, 
born June 16, 1709 ; Mary, born May 1, 1711, married Benjamin Chase, 
3d, of Freetown in 1730, and died .March 16, 1786; Hannah, born Nov. 
8, 1712; Amos, born Feb. 6, 1715, and died March 24, 1760; Thomas, 
born June 20, 1717, died Nov. 10, 1779 ; Abigail, born June 27, 1719 ; 
John, born Sept. 18, 1721, married Abigail Burt of Berkley, March 10, 

1SG I.] The Pain Family. 237 

17 17, died May 23, 1791 ; Nathaniel, born Dec. 18, 1721; Nathan, born 
May 10, 17-37, ma I idow Mary Crane of Berkley, May 10, 1748. 

The children of John Pain, Jr., and Philip Chase his wife were, John, 

born , married Barbara Rice of Warwick, R. I.; Ebenezer, born in 

17 10, marri.d Wait Freborn of Freetown, May 20, 1769— 2d wife was 
Mrs. Hannah Randall, to whom he was married in 1792, and lie died 

Feb. 8, L826; Mary, horn , married Jesse Cudworth of Freetown, 

Jan. 30, 1701 ; Abigail, born , married Edward Chase of Freetown, 

Jan. 26, 1764. 

John, the parent, was a mariner, and lost his life as before named. He 
died seized and possessed of a house and thirty acres of land ; and on 
the 7th of July, 1717, the widow was appointed to administer upon the 

Philip, the wife and widow of John Pain, Jr., was a daughter of Capt. 
Lot Strange and Hannah (Hathaway) his wife, and born at Freetown, 
Oct. 2, 1722, granddaughter of James Strange and Alice (Sherman) his 
wife of Rhode island. On the maternal side, she was the granddaughter 
of Jacob Hathaway and Philip (Chase) his wife, and great-granddaughter 
of Benjamin ('has.', the cooper, [n 1751, she became the wife of Seth 
Chase of Freetown, and the mother of two more children; and, surviv- 
ing Chase, she was again married to John Crandon of Dartmouth, Dec. 
1 1, 1768. Her brother, John Strange, born Feb. 25, 1724, married Jo- 
anna Josselin of Dighton, Feb. 17 Hi. 

Tneir second son and fifth child was horn Oct. 3, 1753, and christened 
John. lie was remarkable through life for his unusual activity and 
sprightliness, and as possessed of a very retentive memory. Living to 
an advanced age (nearly ninety-two years), he became the walking history 
of the town, and, when more than ninety years old, commenced to pen 
down his recollections, and also the traditions he had received concerning 
his ancestors, a copy of winch I have tl.e good fortune to possess, and 
with an extract from which, concerning Mrs. Crandon, I will close this 

" When married to John Crandon, at one of the tables were seated six 
persons — Capt. Lot Strange, John Crandon, and John Nye, and their 
wives. It was remarked that the father was younger than the son-in-law, 
and the son-in-law younger than John Nye the grandson, the mother-in- 
law was younger than the daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in-law 
younger than the granddaughter. 1 ' 

" John Nye, the husband of one of Crandon's daughters, was older than 
Lot Strange, now made Crandon's father and Nye's grandfather." Capt. 
Lot Strange, when sixty-four years of age, married a second wife, a 
young woman, who bore him two children, the youngest of whom was 
born July 25, 1772, and died a few weeks since; and hence we have the 
remarkable fact to add, that we have recently had a person in active life 
whose father,, if living, would have been one hundred and sixty-two years 
old, her oldest brother one hundred and forty-one, her oldest nephew one 
hundred and fifteen, and grand nephew ninety-five.* 

* The person here referred to is Mrs. Amy (Tripp Strange) Childs, relict of Hon. 
Joseph Childs of Portsmouth, R. I., formerly a judge in that State. Her oldest 
brother was more than fifty-two years of age when she was born, her father in his 
seventy-fourth year, and she was great aunt to a child about seven years old at the 
date of her birth. 

238 Gilbert Hall's Family. [July, 


[Communicated by Royal R. Hinman of New York.] 

Gilbert Hall, of Kent, had a son William and daughter. 

The daughter married Mr. Snoath, and died in England. 

William Hall, son of Gilbert, signed the covenant in Guilford in 1639; 
an early settler in Guilford. He d. March 8, 1669. His wife Hester d. 
in 1683. Had children John and Samuel. 

John Hall, son of William, b. 1628, m. Elizabeth Smith of New Haven, 
Nov. 13, 1669. He d. Jan. 8, 1704. Had children Elizabeth, b. Nov. 
1670, d. young; Marv, b. Mav 13, 1672, m. Daniel Bishop, July 16, 1693; 
John, b. Feb. 23, 1674, d. 1724; Ebenezer, b. May 3, 1678, m. Deborah 
Highland, April 11, 1700, he d. 1724, she d. Oct. 27, 1758; Silence, b. 
Dec. 15, 1679, m. Abraham Morison, Feb. 19, 1710. 

Eliphalet, son of John, b. Jan. 13, 1681, m. Abigail Bushnell, May 30, 
1705. She d. in 1708, and he m. Mary Grimes in 1710. 

Nathaniel, son of John, b. Dec. 1683, m. Rebecca Mallory of New 
Haven in 1715. He d. in 1748. 

Ebenezer, son of John, b. Mav 3, 1678, m. Deborah Highland, April 
11, 1700. She d. Oct. 27, 1758; he d. in 1724. Had children, Eben- 
ezer, Jr., b. Jan. 30, 1701 ; Daniel, b. April 10, 1702, d. single in 1741 ; 
Deborah, b. Oct. 27, 1704, m. Ebenezer Field in 1749; John, b. Aug. 
27, 1706; Joseph, b. in 1709; Benjamin, b. May 27, 1712; Esther, b. 
March 3, 1717, m. Jehial Johnson in 1747; Timothy, b. Nov. 10, 1721. 

Eliphalet, son of John, b. in 1681. Had children, Jerusha, b. in 1706, 
m. Daniel Bowen ; Abigail, b. in 1707, m. John Fowler in 1736; Elipha- 
let, Jr., b. Oct. 22, 1711 ; Mary, b. in 1714, m. Icabod Wells of Wethers- 

Nathaniel Hall, b. in 1683, son of John, m. Rebecca Mallory in 1715, 
d. in 1748. Had children, Justus, b. Oct. 5, 1716; Mathias, b. Jan. 25, 
1720, drowned Nov. 9, 1745; Rebecca, b. Nov. 2, 1727, m. Moses 
Miller of Middletown; Silence, b. in 1730, d. in 1734; Beulah, b. in 
1733, m. Billious Ward in 1753. 

Samuel, son of Gilbert and brother of John, m. Elizabeth Johnson, 
Feb. 22, 1674. He d. Feb. 11, 1733. He had children, Elizabeth, b. 
Feb. 1, 1676, m. Job Paine of Middletown; Ithamar, b. Feb. 10, 1679, 
m. Judith Leonard of Durham, Nov. 3, 1714, he d. Dec. 20, 1758 ; Wil- 
liam, b. Jan. 15, 1682, m. Lydia Chittenden, Oct. 20, 1715, he d. in 
1738; Samuel, Jr., b. Oct. 15, 1687, d. Oct. 21, 1763; Abigail, b. Feb. 
1, 1695, d. in 1763. 

Ithamar, son of Samuel, b. in 1679. Had children, Judith, b. in 1716, 
m. Benjamin Hall, Feb. 7, 1740 ; Elizabeth, b. March 13, 1720, d. Nov. 
24, 1736 ; Anne, b. Nov. 13, 1724. 

William, son of Samuel, b. in 1682. Had children, William, b. in 
1716, removed to Litchfield in 1750, m. Mercy Barnes of "North Haven 
in 1738; Daniel, b. Feb. 16, 1718; Benjamin, b. March 14, 1724, re- 
moved to Litchfield in 1751. 

William, Jr., b. in 1716. Had children, William, b. Oct. 28, 1739, 

m . Mary , he d. in 1777; Lydia, b. May 6, 1742; Rachel, b. Nov. 

8, 1744. 

William, son of William, Jr., b. in 1730, d. in 1777, m. Mary . 

Had children, William, b. Oct. 23, 1758, d. young; Ephraim Smedley, 

1 SG 1. J Records of the Greenwood Family. 239 

b. May ID. 176] ; Rebecca, b. Feb. 13, 1768, m. Friend Smith; Gideon, 
b. June 20, 1774, m. Polly Uayden, dau. of Samuel Ilayden : David 

b. . J ' 

Gideon, son of William, m. Polly Hayden. Had children. Edom, b 
in 1797, d. two years old; Samuel, b. April 9, 1800, d. single, aged 
about 20; Abigail, b. Oct. 17, 1803; Gideon, b. May 1, 1809, m L L 
Fosket, Jan. 30, 1844; William S., b. June 24, 1817, d. aged two years. 
Gideon Hall, the father, married a second wife, and had one child, a 
daughter, who is living in Winsted, Ct. 

Gideon, only surviving son of Gideon. Sen., b. May 1, 1809, m L L 
Fosket in 1844. Had child, Mary A. Hall, b. Feb. 22, 1846, d. aged six 
months. This Gideon is a lawyer, and resides in Winsted, Ct. 


[Copied by J. W. Dean, from the original* in the possession of the First Congrega- 
tional Church in Seekonk.] 

Record of Rev. Thomas Greenwood. 

44 iMy Hon* father Dyed Sep* ye l 8t 1693— In ye Evening. 

We were married Decern' 28^ 1693. Came to Rehoboth to dwell y e 
Tuesday following. 

Hannah Greenwood born February 5 th 1694-5. About 10 of ye Clock 
on Tuesday morn: 

John Greenwood born May 20, 1697, about 12 of ye Clock at night. 

Noah Greenwood born April 20, 1699, about 2 of ye Clock, afternoon. 

Esther Greenwood born august 20, 1701, about 8 of y e clock, being 
Wednesday Evening. 

Esther Greenwood dyed Sept r 14, 1701, on Sabbath day morning about 
y e Sun Rising. 

Noah Greenwood Dyed March 26, 1703, about 2 of y e clock on Friday 

Elizabeth Greenwood born April 5, 1704, about 1 of y e clock on 

Esther Greenwood born Saturday June 25 th 1709, at 11 of y e clock at 

Record of Rev. John Greenwood of Rehoboth. 

44 My honoured father Dyed Septr gth 1720. 

My honored mother dyed at Weymouth Jan ry 24, 1735 about 5 at night 
& Interred the 27 th 

We were married May 25 th 1721, p' m r Ells. 

Lydia Greenwood born Decern 1 " 24, 17\?1, half an hour past 2, P. M., 
and was baptized feb. 6, at a family meeting at my own house, 1721, and 
dyed feb: 11, about 1 or 2 of y c clock in y e night. 

Thomas Greenwood Born Monday Ap 1 1, 1723, about 7 of y e clock in 
y e Morning ; bap: ap" 7. 

* The same book from which the records of baptisms, ante, pp. 67-72, were copied. 

J. D. 

240 Letter of Gen. Burgoyne. [July, 

Thomas Greenwood dyed Tuesday July 2, 1723, about a quarter past 
1 P. M. 

Lydia Greenwood born Sat: Feb: 8, 1723-4, between a quarter and 
half an hour past 8 at night; and baptized 9. 

Sarah Greenwood born fry day March 26, 1725, about 8 in y e morning; 
baptized 28^ 

Elizabeth Greenwood born Saturday July 23, 1726, about half an hour 
past 7 in y e morn ; & Dyed Sep r 10. 

Elizabeth Greenwood born Sat: Feb: 3, 1728, at 1 in y e morn. Bap: 
March 10. 

Molle Greenwood born fryday July 4, 1729, a little before Sunset. 
Bap: July 6. 

Nathaniel Greenwood born Sab: Sep: 27, 1730, about 9 in y e morn ; 
& bap. same day. 

Nathaniel Greenwood dyed november 2, 1730. 

Elizabeth Greenwood dyed Sep r (5?) 1731, between 7 & 8 at night. 

Bette Greenwood born tusdav feb: 8, 1731-2, J an hour past 2 pm; 
bap: feb: 13, 1731-2. 

Esther Greenwood born fryday May 4, 1733 about 10 at night ; bap: 
May 13, 1733. 

John Greenwood born Saturday July 13, 1734, between 6 & 7 at night, 
& baptized y e 14. 

Nathaniel Greenwood born Sabbath day feb. 15, 1735 about 6 in y e 
morning & baptized the same day. 

John Greenwood died June 4, 1737, about sun half an Hour high at 

John Greenwood Born Sab: Jan. 6, 1739, about 6 a. m., & bap f1 y e 
same day. 

Tho s Greenwood born Ap: 19, 1741 & dyed May 1, 1741." 

-«— — .— ► 


When a Prisoner of War at Cambridge. 
Sir— Nov. 11, 1777. 

I have the honor of your letter of the date of this day, and have only 
to return in answer, that, 'till the infringements of the Convention are re- 
dressed, in regard to the quartering of officers particularly, I cannot con- 
sistently with my duty or principles accept personally of any other 
accommodations than such as I have the misfortune to be subjected to at 
present. Should it please the will of your government to make them 
worse, I persuade myself I shall continue to persevere as becomes me. 
I am Sir, with great personal regard, 

Your most obedient, Humble Servant, 

J. Burgoyne. 
M: Gen 1 Heath. 

Mecom, Mrs. Jane, widow of the late Mr. Edward Mecom of this town, 
and the only sister of the late Dr. Benjamin Franklin [died] in the 83d 
year of her age. Her funeral will be this afternoon, precisely at 5 o'clock, 
from her late dwell ino- near the North Church, which her friends and the 
friends of the late Dr. Franklin are requested to attend. — Columbian Cen- 
tinel, May 10, 1794. 

1 86 1 . ] Records of Wether sfield, Ct. 24 1 


[Communicated by Hon. R. R. Hinman of New York.] 

[For the greater facility of reference, the names, in the following Record of Mar- 
riages, Births and Deaths, are arranged alphabetically and not chronologically; but 
every family is traced down, nearly chronologically, until the commencement of the 
present century, or until tbe name disappears from the record.] 

Atwoodd Abigail, the daughter of Capt. Thomas Atwoodd & Abigail 
his wife was borne the last day of Sept. Anno 1668. Andrew the sonn 
of Capt. Thomas Atwoodd & of Abigail his wife was borne the 1st day 
of Sept. Anno 1671. Jonathan the sonn of Capt. Th° Attwood & of 
Abigaill his wife wase home the 8th day of June in the year 1675. 
Josiah the son of Capt. Th° Attwood & of Abigaill his wife was borne 
the 4th day of Octob r in the year 1678.* 

Attwood Josiah 6i Bathsheba the daughter of Bazelael Lattimer de- 
ceased were married on the 16th day of Febry Anno Domini 1709-10 
by John Chester Assistant. Abigaile Attwood the daughter of Josiah 
Attwood & of Bathsheba Ids wife was* born on the 6th day of December 
Annoque Domini 1710. Oliver Attwood the son of Josiah Attwood & of 
Bathsheba his wife was born March 1: Annqe Dom. 1715-16. Jedediah 
Atwood y e son of Josiah Atwood & of Bathsheba his wife was born on 
y e 28th day of June Anno Dom. 1719. Josiah Attwood & Hezekiah 
Attwood, twins, y e sons of Josiah Attwood & of Bathsheba his wife were 
born on April 13th day Anno Dom. 1727. Asher y e son of Josiah Ad- 
wood & of Bathsheba his wife was born December y e 27th day Anno 
Dom. 1729. 

Attwood Oliver & Dorothy Curtis were married on the 12th day of 
November Anno Domini 1716 by y r Rev d M r James Lockwood. Abigail 
the daughter of Oliver Attwood & of Dorothy his wife was born on the 
28th day of Aug 1 Anno Dom. 1747. Elijah the son of Oliver Attwood 
& of Dorothy his wife was born on the 28th day of Aug 1 A.D. 1751. 
Levi the son of Oliver Attwood & of Dorothy his wife was born on the 
10th day of May A.D. 1752. John the son of Oliver Attwood & of Doro- 
thy his wife was horn on the 16th day of April Anno Domini 1755. 

Attwood Jedidiah & Susanna Deming were married on the 29th of 
November Anno Domini 1747, by David Goodrich Esq r Just. Pacis. 
Timothy the son of Jedediah Attwood & of Susanna his wife was born 
on the 9th day of September A.D. 1749. Attwood Jedidiah & Sarah 
Lomis were married together on the 22 d day of Nov 1 " A.D. 1759, by Silas 
Lomis Justice of Peace. 

Attwood Josiah Jun r & Caroline Mygatt were married together on the 
13th day of April A.D. 1751, by the Rev d Elnathan Whitman. Huldah 
the daughter of Josiah Attwood Jun r & of Caroline his wife was born on 
the 28th day of Jany A.D. 1752 & died on the 22 d of October A.D. 1752. 
Huldah the daughter of Josiah Attwood Jun r & of Caroline his wife was 
born on the 13th day of March A.D. 1754. 

Attwood Ashur & Mary Mitchelson were married together in the month 
of April A.D. 1757 by the Rev d Joshua Belding. Elizabeth the daughter 
of Ashur Attwood & of Mary his wife was born on the 6th day of Feby 

* Tradition says that the above named Thomas Atwood was a captain in Oliver 
Cromwell's army. 


242 Records of Wethersfield, Ct. [July, 

A.D. 1759. Mary the daughter of Ashur Attwood & of Mary his wife 
was born on the 12th day of Dec r A.D. 1762. Ezkiel the son of Ashur 
Attwood & of Mary his wife was born on the 19th dav of August A.D. 

Attwood Hezekiah & the wid° Abigail Hun were married together on 

the day of . Hezekiah the son of Hezekiah & of Abigail his 

wife was born on the 29th day of Sept. A.D. 1764. Phinehas the son of 
Hezekiah was born on the 11th day of Sept. A.D. 1766. 

Atwood Ezekiel & Hannah Francis were married on the 21st day of 
January 1793, by Ashbel Gillet. Josiah son of Ezekiel & Hannah At- 
wood was born on the 26th day of April 1794. Sarah daughter of 
Ezekiel & Hannah Atwood was born on the 11th day of March 1796. 
Francis, son of Ezekiel & Hannah Atwood was born on the 27th day 
of August 1803. 

All is William & Mary Griswold the daughter of Jacob Griswold was 
married on the 15th day of December Annoque Domini 1709, by M r 
Stephen Mix, Minister in Weathersfield. Mary Allis, the daughter of 
Will" 1 Allis 6l of Mary his wife was born on y e 22 day of November 
Annoque Domini 1711. Ledia Allis the daughter of William Allis & 
of Mary his wife was born on y e 14th day of Septemb r Annoq Dom. 
1713. Sarah Allis the daughter of Will - Allis & of Mary his wife was 
born on y e sixt day October Anno Dom: 1715. 

Allis John died on the 18th day of May A.D. 1756 in the 29th year 
of his age. 

Ambo an Indian boy belonging to M r Elisha Williams was born on 
June 5th Anno Dom. 1715, & Desire an Indian girl belonging to M r 
Elisha Williams was born on February 17th Anno Dom 1716-17. 

[The preceding entries, in the records, are given verbatim et literatim, 
as specimens of the manner in which the early Register of Marriages, 
Births and Deaths was kept. In the succeeding pages, brevity will be 
sought. The names of the parents, and the names and dates of the births 
of their children, will only be given. And to compress all desirable 
matter into as small a space as practicable, the following abbreviations 
will be used ; to wit: — b. for born, d. for daughter and died, m. for mar- 
ried, and Is. for issue. The names of the months will be abbreviated, 
and the th, d, and st, omitted ; and the numerals, to dates, only set down, 
as 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 for 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 8th, &c. The orthography of names, 
in the ancient records, will be scrupulously observed.] 

Allyn, Joseph. Is. of, by Mary his wife — Hannah, b. May 17, 1705 ; 
SanrVFeb. 24, '07; Sarah, Aug. 17, '08; Martha, Oct. 22, 1710. 

Andrus, Dan 1 and MaOell, d. of Jacob Goff, were m. Oct. 30, 1707. 
Is.— Abigail, b. July 22, '13; Mabell, June 6, '15; Eunice, Sept. 18, '17; 
Daniel, May 12, '20 ; Hannah, Sept. 8, '23 ; Jacob, Jan. 24, '29 ; Heze- 
kiah, Aug. 14, 1731. Mr. D. A. d. Aug. 21, 1748. 

Andrus, John and Mary, d. of Jacob GofT, were m. June 26, 1712. 
Is.— David, b. Jan. 28, '19; Moses, May 12, '22. Mr. J. A. (born in 
Farmington, June 10, 1680), d. June 16, 1740. 

Andrus, Caleb and Mary, d. of Joseph Gillett of Hartford, were m. Feb. 
15, 1722. Is.— Mary, b. Feb. 15, '24 ; Hannah, May 7, '25 ; Amos, Nov. 
14, '26 ; Rhoda, May 6, '28 ; Lidia, July 20, '30 ; Abel, May 6, '35 ; Eli, 
Jan. 8, '37 ; Clement, Oct. 31, 1739. 

Andrus, William and Irene Griswold, were m. . Is. — Miles, b. 

1861.] Records of Wethersfield, Ct. 243 

May 22, 1735; Elisha, March 1, '38; William, Oct. 28, '40 ; Joseph, 
April 13, '43 ; Chloe, March 3, 1748. By his 2d wife, Lois (date of mar- 
nage and who she was, wanting). Is.— Silvia, b. April 17, '62 ; Cynthia, 
Oct. 15, '65; Rhoda, Oct. 14,1768. P * ' 

Andrus, Daniel, Jr., and wid. Eunice Kelsey, were m. Feb. 6, 1746. 
Is.— Dan 1 , b. Aug. 24, '48; Eunice, April 29, '50; Mable, June 17, '54; 
Sybill, May 30, '56 ; Abigail, May 4, '59 ; Martin, May 30, '61. Mrs. 
E. A. d. Feb. 23, '63. Mr. I). A. and Mary Mitchel were m. Aug. 2 '64 
Is.— Justus, b. March 9, 1765. 

Andrus, Joshua. Is. of, by Sibbil his wife— Jeremiah, b. Jan. 16, 1732; 
Epaphras, April 16, '35; Fitch, Oct. 12, '39. Jan. 8, 1742, Sibbil the 
wife of Joshua Andrus was delivered of three children, who all died the 
same day. March 3, '43, Sibbil the wife of J. Andrus was did of three 
children who died the same day. June 1, '44, Sibbil the wife of J. A. 
was delivered of two children, one of which died the same day, the other 
was named Curtis. (A true copy of record.) 

Andrus, Benajah and Anne Clark, were m. Jan. 25, 1743. Is.— Elizur, 
b. Dec. 13, '47; Silas, April 23, 1750. 

Andrus, Elijah and Phebe Ilurlbut, were m. Feb. 21, 1745. Is.— Asa, 
b. April 10, '46 ; Josiah, May 16, '49 ; Elijah, Oct. 16, '52 ; Rosee, Sept. 
20, '55. Mrs P. A. d. Nov. 13, 1772. 

Andrus, Joseph and Sarah Welles, were m. April 3, 1746. Is. — Levi, 
b. Feb. 23, '47; Elias, Feb. 16, '53; Sarah, Jan. 12, 1756. 

Andrus, David. Is. of, by Margaret his wife — Mary, b. April 1, 1748. 
Andrus, Phinehas and Lowis Williams, were m. Oct. 16, 1751. Is. — 
Keturah, b. Nov. 14, '52; Phinehas, July 19, 1763. 

Andrus, Miles and Phebe Hurlbut of Goshen, were m. May 1, 1759. 
Ts.— Miles, b. July 7, 59; Irene, Jan. 17, '61 ; Mehetabel, April 25, '62; 
Chlorinda, June 15, '64; Phebe, Aug. 10, '66', Jason, Feb. 17, '68; 
Benajah, Nov. 13, 1769. 

Andrus, Jacob. Is. of, by Eunice his wife — Jacob, b. Jan. 20, 1760; 
Caroline, Oct. 20, '62 ; Sarah, Jan. 7, 1765. 

Andrus, Benj" and Anne Churchil, were m. Oct. 30, 1760. — Is. — Anne, 
b. Sept. 14, '62; Lorana, Dec. 1764. 

Andrus, Joseph, 2d. Is. of, by Asenath his wife — Ruth, b. Jan. 27, 
1763; Pamela, Sept. 5, '64; Joseph, Aug. 9, '66 ; Polly, June 8, '70 ; 
Roxillana, Dec. 14, '71; Elisha, Oct. 11, '73; William, Nov. 16, '75 ; 
Sarah, Sept. 11, '77; Asenath, May 22, 1779. 

Andrus, Abel and Eunice Stoddard, were m. Dec. 2, 1764. Is. — Amos, 
b. March 17, '65; Ruth, Oct. 9, '66; Jared, April 10, '69; Allen, July 

25, '7J ; Hannah, Feb. 1, '74; Lydia, . 

Andrus, Elias and Tabitha Bissell of East Windsor, were m. Nov. 20, 
1780. Is.— Clarissa, b. Nov. 4, 1781. 

Alexander, Ebenezer and Mehetabel, d. of Henry Buck, were m. Oct. 
10, 1709. Is,— Elias, b. July 25, 1710. 

Ayroult, Nicholas and Jane, d. of Dan 1 Stocking of Middletown, were 
m. April 17, 1730. Is.— James, b. Sept. 17, '30 ; Mary Ann, May 6, 
'33; Daniel, Dec. 8, '35; Marianne, Feb. 25, '37, and d. Sept. 5, '41; 
Nicholas, May 1, '40, and d. same day ; Jane, March 6, '42 ; Nicholas, 
Oct. 18, '44, and d. March 29, '50 ; Marianne, Nov. 5, '46, and d. Feb. 

26, 1748. 

Ayrault, Peter and Mary Francis, were m. Nov. 12, 1744. Is. — 
Stephen, b. Aug. 8, '43 ; Mary Anne, Sept. 26, '45 ; Stephen, Sept. 22, 

244 Records of Wethersfield, Ct. [July, 

Ayrault, Daniel and Lucy Williams, were m. July 26, 1759. Is — 
Lucy, b. May 12, '60. 

Addams, Benjamin, d. Jan. 28, 1713. 

Addams, Amasa and Hannah Camp, were m. March 16, 1731. Is. — 
Lydia, b. Jan. 8, '32 ; Abigail, March 5, '34; Benj n , Dec. 1, '35; Susan- 
nah, Nov. 17, '37 ; Camp, Oct. 9, '39 ; Lucretia, July 21, '41 ; Hannah, 
Oct. 5, '43 ; John, Aug. 9, '45 ; Elizabeth, Aug. 9, '47 ; Joseph, Sept. 7, 
'49, and d. May 19, '53; Amasa, March 15, 1753. 

Addams, Camp and Mehetabel Baxter, were m. Dec. 13, 1759. Is. — 
Mehetabel, b. Dec. 27, '59; Sarah, Sept. 17, '61; Martha, April 20, '64; 
James Camp, Feb. 13, '66 ; Hannah, Jan. 18, '68 ; Rebecca, Aug. 14, 
'70; Maryanne, Feb. 22, '73; Ashbel, May 3, '75; Honor, June 13, 

Addams, Benj" and Patience Blin, were m. Feb. 5, 1761. Is. — Persis, 
b. Nov. 8, '62; Lucinda, Sept. 3, '63; Sinalda, Sept. 5, '65 ; Uzziel, 
Jan. 3, '68; Thankful, Feb. 2, '70; Hulda, April 20, '72 ; Charlotte, 
Oct. 1, '77; Wm, Feb. 18, '79. 

Adams, Joseph and Mehitabel Burrett, were m. Dec. 9, 1780. Is. — 
Sallv, b. June 17/81 ; Joseph, Aug. 5, '83 ; Persis, Sept. 26, '87; Will"', 
Oct.' 7, '90; James, June 30, '93; Emily, Feb. 21, '96; Henry, Dec. 
'98. Mrs. M. A. d. Dec. 1798. Mr. J. A. and wid. Mary Dix were m. 
Jan. 9, 1800. Is.— Lucy, b. Aug. 10, 1800. Mr. J. A. d. Sept. 1801. 

Adams, Amasa, Jr., and Sarah Griswold, were m. Jan. 15, 1783. Is. — 
Sylvester, b. Oct. 29, '83 ; Horace, Jan. 8, '87 ; Roxa, April, '90. Mrs. 

5. A. d. June 12, '94. Mr. A. A. and Caroline Dalliby were m. Jan. 24, 
'96. Mrs. C. A. d. Aug. 13, 1798. 

Adams, Uzziel. Children of — George Lucas, b. April 20, 1797 ; 
Fanny, March 9, '99; Miles, Feb. 19, 1801; James Benj", March 16, 
'03 : Horace, Feb. 21, '05 ; Clarissa, Dec. 2, '06 ; Walter, May 3, '10 ; 
Watson, Jan. 5, '12; Orson Smith, June 4, '14; Th° Halsey, Feb. 27, 

Ames, William, son of Robert and Sarah Ames, was b. Aug. 7, 1768. 
Sarah, April 24, '71. Mr. R. A. d. Nov. 1771. 

Borman [Boardman] Samuel!. Is. of, by Marv his wife — Isak, b. Feb. 
3, 1642; Mary, Feb. 14, '44 ; Samuel, Oct. 8, '48 ; Joseph, March 12, 
'50; John, Jan. '53; Sarah, March, '55 ; Daniel, (date obliterated) ; Jona- 
than, Feb. 4, '60; Nathaniel, April 12, '63; Martha, Aug. 12, 16—. 

Borman, Isack. Is. of, by Abiah his wife — Isaac, b. July 21, 1666; 
Samuel, July 7, '68 ; Thomas, Nov. 14, '71 ; Eunice, June 29, '82. Mr. 
I. B. d. May 12, 1719, in his 77th year, and Mrs. A. B. Jan. 6, 1723. 

Borman, Sami and Sarah, d. of Lt. Steel, were m. Feb. 8, 1682. Is. — 
Mary, b. Nov. 13, '83 ; Sarah, March 13, '86, and d. 17 days old ; Han- 
nah, June 27, '87, and d. May 16, '88 ; David, June 1, '92 ; Joseph, April 

6, '45. Clerke S. B. d. Dec.23, 1720, aged 72 years and 2 mos. wanting 
5 days. 

Borman, Daniell and Hannah Wright, were m. June 8, 1683. Is. — 
Rich d , b. Sept. 1, '85 ; Daniell, July 12, '87 ; Mabell, May 30, '89 : John, 
Nov. 18, '91; Hanah, Dec. 18, '93 ; Marlha, Dec. 19, '95; Israel, Oct. 
6, '97 ; Timothy, July 20, 1700; Joshua, Nov. 18, '02 ; Benjamin, March 
10, '05; Charles, June '07; John d. Dec. 31, 1712. 

Borman, Ens. Jonathan and Mercy, d. of John Hubbert of Hattfield, 
were m. Oct. 22, 1685. Is.— Mercv, b. Julv 4, '87; Joseph, April 18, 
'90, and d. Feb. 15, '92 ; Jonathan, May 16, '97; Abigail, May 20, 1700; 

186 L] Records of Wether sfteU, Ct. 245 

Hepzibah, Feb. 16, 1702. Lt. J. B. d. Sept. 21, 1712, in the 52d year 
of his age. 

Borman, Samuell and Mehetable, d. of Lem 1 Cadweel of Hartford, 
were m. Nov. 5, 1696. Is.— Stephen, b. Aug. 5, '98; Moses, May 8, 
1701; Mehetnbel, Jan. 20, '03; Abia, Nov. 19, '04; Rachel, Nov. 16, 
'06; Sarah, Sept. 7, '08; Anna, July 16, '10 ; Deborah, March 13, ' 12 ; 
Elizabeth, Dec. 22, '13; Abigail, Sept. 3, '17; Thankful, Nov. 15, '19; 
Jonathan, Feb. 28, 1724. 

Borman, Isaack and Rebecca, d. of wid. Benton, were m. Dec. 7, 1699. 
Is.— Isaac, b. Sept. 11, 1700; Edward, Nov. 6, '02; Josiah, June 30, 
'05; Ephraim, Feb. 15, '11. Mr. I. B. d. May 9, 1719, in his 53d year. 

Borman, Thomas and Mary, d. of Nath" Chillinton of Guilford, were 
m. May, 1699, toward the latter end of the month. Is.— Prudence, b. 
Aug. 15, 1700; Thomas, Oct. 19, 1707. 

Bordman, Richard and Sarah, d. of Edw d Camp of Milford, were m. 
March 11, 1707. Is.— Sarah, b. Jan. 13, '08; Gamaliel, Oct. 2, '11; 
Mary, Sept. 19, 1719. 

Borman, Nathaniel and Elizabeth, d. of Lt. Return Strong of Winsor, 
were m. April 30, 1707. Is.— Nathan', b. Feb. 19, 1711. Mr. N. B. d. 
Nov. 29, 1712, in the 50th year of his age. 

Bordman, David and Abigail, d. of James Treat, were m. Dec. 6, 

Bordman, Thomas and Sarah, wid. of Abraham Kilborn, were m. Oct. 

15, 1718. Mrs. S. B. d. Oct. 17, '19. Mr. T. B. and Hannah, wid. of 
Win. Butler, were m. Dec. 24, '29. 

Bordman, Israel. Is. of, by Elizabeth his wife — Olive, b. Aug. 10, 
1718; Elisha, July 20, '20 ; Israel, March 19, 1725. 

Bordman, Timothy and Hannah, d. of Israel Crane, were m. Dec. 21, 
1721. Is.— Damaris, b. Nov. 11, , 22; Charles, Sept. 4, '25 ; Timothv, 
Dec. 2, '27; Hannah, Dec. 12, '29; Elizabeth, Oct. 14, '31. and d. Nov. 

6, '31 ; Daniel, Sept. 29, '32 ; John, Aug. 6, '35 ; Elizabeth, Oct. 5, '37 ; 
Seth, April 21, '42; Olive, Nov. 3, 1745. 

Bordman, Isaac. Is. of, by Elizabeth his wife — Ichabod, b. Oct. 25, 

Bordman, Jonathan and Mabel, d. of Jonas Holmes, were m. June 30, 

1725. Is.— Jonathan, b. March 27, '26 ; Elnathan, Oct. 17, '27 ; John, 
Dec. 5, '29 ; Mercy, April 12, '33. Mrs. M. B. d. Nov. 15, '41. Mr. J. B. 
and Elizabeth Beckley were m. March 10,1743. Is. — Elizabeth, b. July 

7, 1744. 

Bordman, Joseph and Mary, d. of Joseph Belding, were m. Feb. 17, 

1726. Is.— Marv, b. March 3, '27; Sarah, Feb. 4, '31 ; Eunice, Nov. 
11,'33; Hannah, April 20, '36; Levi, May 6, '39 ; Rhoda, April 29, 
'42; Samuel, Dec. 4, '44; Abiggil, May 7, 1748. 

Bordman, Nathaniel and Ruth Parker, were m. Feb. 28, 1733. Is. — 
Nathani, b. Jan. 25, '34 ; Elizabeth, Sept. 22, '36 ; Sarah, Oct. 20, '39 ; 
Return, Jan. 14, '44; Ruth, Jan. 14, 1747. 

Bordman, Elisha and Hannah Dix, were m. Aug. 2, 1739. Is. — Lucy, 
b. Julv 12, '40; Olive, Feb. 9, '43; Leonard, Feb. 1, '46; Ozias, April 

16, 1749. 

Bordman, Gamaliel and Sarah Sherman, were m. . Is. — Sher- 
man, b. July 17, '41 ; John, Feb. 9, 1740 ; Esther, Dec. 22, 1743. 

Bordman, Israel and Rebecca Meekins, were m. Aug. 4, 1746. Is. — 

246 Records of W ether sjield, Ct. [July } 

Theodore, b. Dec. 22, '46 ; Benajah, May 14, '49 ; Elijah, March 31, '52 ; 
Samuel, Jan. 24, '55 ; Rebecca, June 3, 1759. 

Bordman, Jonathan, Jr., and Martha Cole, were m. June 13, 1754. 
Is.— Abigail, b. Oct. 22, '55 ; Mercy, Aug. 2, 1757. 

Bordman, Charles and Abigail Stillman, were m. . Is. — William, 

b. Feb. 3, 1756 ; Rhoda, July 29, '57 ; Abigail, March 20, '59 ; Charles, 
Feb. 4, '61 ; George, Nov. 22, '62 ; Hannah, July 24, '65 ; Sarah, Apiil 
13, '68; John, Nov. 17, 3770. 

Bordman, Daniel and Eunice Belden, were m. Jan. 29, 1756. 

Bordman, John and Elizabeth Waner, were m. . Is. — Rebecca, 

b. July 27, 1760; Jason, Jan. 16, '62 ; Mehetabel, Aug. 21, '63; Frederick, 
June 16, '65; Ashbel, Sept. 13, '67; Daniel, April 30. 1771. 

Bordman, Sherman and Sarah Deming, were m. April 16, 1761. Is. — 
John, b. May 11, '64; Sarah, March 6, 1768. 

Bordman, Levi and Esther Bordman, were m. April 23, 1761. Is. — 
Joseph, b. March 5, '63; Levi, Jan. 30, '65 ; Joseph Simeon, May 3, 
1780, and d. Nov. 13, 1827. 

Bordman, Elijah and Nancy Deming, were m. . Is. — Lucy, b. 

Oct. 10, 1780. 

Boardman, Levi, 2d, and Elizabeth Warner, were m. Sept. 2, 1790. 
Is.— Henry, b. Jan. 2, '91 ; William, Aug. 15, '92 ; Levi, July 28, 1795. 

Bayldon [Belden], Richard, one of the earliest settlers in the town. 
Extract from the record of lands : " The 2d month & 7th daie 1641 the 
lands of Ric: Bayldon (those given him by the towne and those he bought 
of Jonas Wods) lying in Wethersfield on conecticutt river." Eight pieces 
were thus "given" and "bought," and their location and description 
given. In Oct. 1654, he gave his son Samuel a piece of land. It is 
presumed that John, who died in 1677, aged 46, was also a younger son 
of his. 

Beldun, William (probably a brother of Richard). Is. of, by Tomisin 
his wife — Samuel, b. July 20, 1647 ; Daniel, Nov. 20, '48; John, Jan. 9, 
'50; Susannah, Nov. 5, '51 ; Marie, Feb. 2, '53; Nathaniel, Nov. 13, 
1654. Samuel and John removed, and were among the early settlers of 

Beldin, Samuel (son of Richard). Is. of, by Mary his wife — Mary, b. 
July 10, 1655; Samuel, April 6, '57; Steven, Dec. 28, 1658. 

Belding, John (the supposed son of Richard) and Lidiah his wife, were 
m. April 24, 1657. Is. — John, b. June 12, '58 ; Jonathan, June 21, '60; 
Joseph, April 23/63; Samuel, Jan. 3/65; Sarah, March 31,'68; Daniel, 
Oct. 12, '70, Ebonezer, Jan. 8, '72; Margaret, March 29, '77. Mr. J. B. 
d. June 27, 1677, aged 46. 

Belding, John and Dorothv, d. of Josiah Willard, were m. June 15, 
1682. Is.— Josiah, b. Feb. 14, '83; John, Dec. 3, '85; Benj", Jan. 13, 
'87; Lidia, April 9, '90, and d. April 6, '93 ; Hannah, Sept. 12, '92; 
Lidiah, Nov. 30, '94; Stephen, May 21, '97; Ezra, Nov. 27, '99; 
Dorothy, May 11, 1702, and d. July 2, 1704. Mr. J. B. d. Jan. 10, '14, 
being about 56 years of age, and Mrs. D. B. Feb. 28, 1754, aged about 
91 years. 

Belding, Jonathan and Mary, d. of Th° Wright, were m. Dec. 10, 
1685. Is.— Jonathan, b. Nov. 11, '86; Mary, Sept. 11, '87; Silas, July 
29, '91; Jonathan, March 30, '95; Elizabeth, Oct. 1, '98. Deac" J. B. 
d. July 6, 1734, aged 74. 

(To be Continued.) 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 247 


. [Prepared by Mr. William B. Trash: of Dorchester.] 
[Continued from p. 128.] 

Anne Clarke.— The last will of Ann Clarke, Widdow. That which 

leaue after my Death, I leaue it all w*h Robert Miller, in whose House 
I line, first to see my Body buryed. I Giue to Elizabeth Gold, my Gold 
Ring & my Bible, a black Scarfe & an Elie of Holland. To Rob 1 . Millers 
child Lydia, a siluer pine, a braslet & two hoodes. To Francis Cooper, 
all my Linnen Excopt a shirt & a shift for Rob'. Millers wife, & a shirt 
for William Copp, the shift is for Ruth Copp ; to ould good wife Co pp my 
sarge Wastcoate ; the rest of my Estate is ail for Rob 1 . Miller, Excepted 
a bill for 2 1 8 - due from Elizabeth Tomson, which I giue vnto Francis 
Cooper, all this in my perfect memory, & hereto I set my hand & seale 
this 19 day of October 1666. Ann X Clarke. 

Wittnesses, Robert Sanford, George Broughton, 
who deposed Dec. 27, 1666. 

Power of Administration to the Estate granted to Rob e Miller. 

Inventory of the Estate taken by George Broughton, Rob*. Sanford, 
Dec. 24, 1666. Rob 1 . Miller deposed Dec. 27, 1666. Lib. V. fol. 5. 

John Backway. — Aboard the Ketch Speedwell at Sea: 17: 8ber: 
1666. John Backwaves last will & Testament, And hee hath Appoynted 
John Sweate & John Bracket to bee his Executors to dispose of his Es- 
tate as followeth : — To the poore of Boston, £5 ; to Thomas Berry, £\0 ; 
to the seamen now belonging to the Ketch, £\ ; to the boy, Joseph Gobner, 
one barrel I of molasses, aboard that is in the Ketch houfde ; to Margaret 
Cleffland, in England, what money shee hath in her hand of mine, which 
is about o£35. And I shall intreat you whose names are aboue written to 
dispose of my part of the Ketch, & what fraight is due to mee, with two 
Hogsheads of sugar, that I haue aboard of my owne, with one mare at 
Bastabell about Three yeares old in John Tomsons hand, & one mare & 
one Coalt one yeare old & something more, and one Coalt something un- 
der one yeare old, only to pay for marking of them in Tristram Hulls 
hands with what money & bills & other things that is in my Landlord 
Sweate hands, all these to be disposed of to the best advantage. And 
after those things paid aboue mentioned & your selfe sattisfyed for your 
paines, to returne the remainder vnto my Father & Mother in the parrys 
of Cill-Hampton* in the County of Cornwall in the Hundred of Stratton, 
if either of them aliue, if not to bee disposed Equally amongst my Six 
Brothers & Sisters, and my Bro. Walter not to haue any thing. 

Wittness, Thomas Thacher jun r . John X Backway. 

John Chantrell 

At a meeting of the Gou r & magistrates in Boston, Oct. 15, 1666, 
Thomas Thacher junio r & John Chantrell deposed. 

An inuentory of the Estate of John Backaway late deceased at sea, 
about the 20 th of Nouember 1666, taken by Richard Collacott, Joseph 

*This is undoubtedly Kilkhampton, in the Co. of Cornwall, 5 miles N. E. of the 
town of Stratton, which gives the name to its hundred. The churchyard of Kilkhamp- 
ton was the scene of Hervey's "Meditations among the Tombs," the author having 
made an excursion to this place during his residence in Devonshire. This work was 
published in Feb. 1745-6. 

24S Abstracts of Early Wills. [July, 

Cock, Feb. 9, 1666. Amt. <£123. 6. 8. Mentions the names of John 
Sweet, John Bracket, John Hayman, Nicko: Dauis, Thomas Berry. John 
Sweet deposed to the truth of the Inventory of the Estate* of the late 
John Barkaway, Feb. 12, 1666. 

Arthur Gary. — Hauing formerly disposed of my Housing, my Or- 
chard, & my Home Lott & seuerall of my mouables to my sonn, Snmuell 
Gary, & seuerall other of my mouables & goods vnlo him & to my other 
two sonns (to witt) William Gary fy Nathaniel!, as Appeares by my deed 
of guift made to him & the writting giuen vnder my hands vnto hitn 
& them according to the tearmes as are in those writtings Expressed, 
The Lord being pleased to vissitt mee with much infirmity & weak- 
ness yet hauing the perfect use of my vnderstanding & memory, 
doe make this my Last will. My soul I giue vp into the hands of my 
most merciful] Sauiou 1 " Jesus Christ, & my body 1 leaue to my deare wife 
& Louing children to bee decently interred ; and for all the rest of my 
Worldly goods which I die possessed of, whether it bee housing, Lands, 
Cattle, Corne, mouables, or whatseuer else, 1 dispose of it as followeth : — 
That my funerall Charges shall bee sattisfyed & all other debts discharged. 
My will is, my deare wife, Frances Gary, shall haue the vse of my 
Housing & Lands, & my whole Estate during her life, Excepting as be- 
fore. After my wiues decease, my will is, that all my Lands &; whole 
Estate, as is before Expressed, bee Equally deuided betweene my three 
sonns, William, Nathaniell & Samuell Gary. Euery one of them to 
haue their proportion of Land, soe as may bee neerest, most Conuenient, 
& bennificiall for Euery of them. My will is, that my sonn, Samuell 
Gary, shall haue that Land, which lyeth next vnto my dwelling House, 
hee paying vnto his other two Brethren, William & Nathaniell Gary, in 
Case that Land amounts to more than the said Sam[uel's] proportion, what 
is due to make them Equall with him, In Case that Land fall short of 
his Proportion, then Samuel shall haue the residue Ells where, according 
to what is before Expressed. And for the Equalnes of the Apprizall & 
diuission of the said Estate after mv wiues decease, mv will is, that if it 
cann bee that my said sonns Louingly agree amongst themselues (which 
I most desire) but in Case that Cannot bee attaned to mutuall satisfaction 
of them all, then my will is, that my Three sonns choose Each of them 
one man, who shall either all of them or any two of them, haue full 
power to determine & set downe Conserning the Apprizall & diuission of 
the said Estate aforesd in Case that they together with my sonns Cannot 
come to a louinge Agreement in a way of Councill & perswasion. My 
will is, that in case my wife should, either by way of sickness or any 
other Casualty, bee brought to stand in need of more than what is aboue 
Expressed in this my will, for her Comfortable supply, that then shee 
shall haue liberty with the aduice of her Children, to sell either goods, 
Cattle or any of the Lands for her Comfortable reliefe, always Provided, 
that first such Lands as is most remote & least benneficiall should bee 
sold to make the supply aforesaid. My will is, that my Louing sonn, 
William Gary, bee sole Execulo r of this my last will, requesting my 
Louing Freinds, Edward Denison & Edward Bridge, to bee my Ouer- 
seers of this my will. Nouember: 18 th : 64. Arthur Gary. 

Witness, Robert Seauer, & Rob 1 . Pepper, who deposed Jan. 30, 1666. 

Dec. 31, 1666. An inuentory of the Goods-& Estate of Arthur Gary, 
late of Roxbury, deceased, taken by Wm. Parke. Amt. £ 123.06. Men- 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 249 

tions lands " neere Grauily point," "wood Land vpon the Great hill," 
" broake Ground adjoyning to the Land of Rob'. Seauer," " broake vp 
Land vpon pond hill," "vpon the Pond plaine," "in middle diuision," 
&c. William Gary deposed, Jan. 30, 166G. 

Samuel Cole. — I, Samuel! Cole of Boston in New England, in Amer- 
ica, being in full, perfect & disposing memory though otherwise weake in 
in Body through many weaknesses that doe attend mee, doe hereby de- 
clare this to bee my last will. ****** 

I giue vnto my daughter, Elizabeth Weeden, that Land of mine at 
Rumney marsh, which at p r sent her husband and shee Hues vpon, & 
haue done for some years past, which is the sixth part of my land, the 
residue where of I sold to Cornet Hassey, as appeareth by the deed made 
ynto him, as also, all the marsh ground that I haue at Hogg Island, which 
is six Acres or thereabouts, bee it more or less, all which Land my said 
daughter & her Husband shall Enjoy during their life, and my will is, 
that after their decease, it shall bee Equally diuided amongst all their 
Children. 1 Giue to my Daughter, Mar yes Children, which shee had by 
Edmund Jackson, viz*. Elisha & Elizabeth, a House lott in Boston neere 
the Brickkills, butting vpon the street bounded vpon the north by George 
Nowells Lott & on the south side by John Scenter & Elizabeth Grose their 
Houses & Lotts. To my grandchild, Sarah Scenter, a Coult w ch is now 
in the possession of her Husband, John Scenter. I Giue besides what for- 
merly is Exprest, vnto my dau. Elizabeth Weeden, the sume of <£20, which 
is due vnto mee from John Scenter, to bee layd out towards the building 
of a new house, vpon that Land formerly Exprest, at Rumney Marsh. 
Vnto my sonn John Coles Children, £\0, to be Equally diuided Amongst 
them, & vnto my dau. Elizabeth Weedens Children, o£10also, to bee also 
Equally diuided Amongst them, which £20 is due vnto me by Elizabeth 
Gross. I giue my Land at Monaticott bought of Clement Cole & giuen him 
by the Towne, how much and where it lyes the deed Expresseth, vnto my 
Grand child, Samuel! Cole, the Eldest s -nn of my sonn, John Cole. Vnto 
my old servant, Elizabeth Ward, that Cowe that I haue in the keeping of my 
sonn in Lawe, Edward Weeden, as long as shee liueth to Enjoy the ben- 
efitt thereof & afterwards to remaine to my dau. Elizabeth Weeden. My 
old greene Coat I Giue vnto the said Elizabeth Ward. To the Old Church 
of Boston, 20 s . Whereas I promised to giue 20 s to Harvard Colledge & 
some part of it paid in Wooden ware by Elzer to M r . Danforth & what 
else I know not, my will is, that the residue bee duly paid, together with 
20 s more, which I giue to the said Colledge. For the remainder of my 
Estate at my decease, whether in Household Goods, debts due, wearinge 
Apparrell or otherwise, I giue to my sonn, John Cole & my dau. Elizabeth 
Weeden, Equally, to bee diuided betwixt them, the which John & Elizabeth 
I make joynt Executo™ of this my last will & Testament. But if my said 
sonn, John Cole, shall refuse to bee an Executo 1- to my said will & vpon 
any pretence whatsoeuer shall wrangle with his said Sister & not agree 
peaceably according to the true intent & meaning of this my will, then, 
that my dau. Elizabeth shall bee sole Executrix, and I giue only to my 
sonn, John Cole, a legacy of 20 s . I giue to my Grandchild, Samuell 
Royal!, 40 s . as a legacy towards building of a house which s d haue bin for- 
merly Exprest. I confirme the deed of guift made my sonn, John Cole, 
for the one halfe of my House at Boston, which is mine in possession till 
my decease. 

250 Abstracts of Early Wills. [July, 

This will was taken from the mouth of the aforesaid Testator & read 
before him, who Owned it to bee his last will & Testament, Dec. 21, 
1666, in the p r sence of vs whose names are underwritten. This also the 
Testator further desired at the same time, namely, that James Euerell & 
Goodman Search the weauer would bee pleased to bee Ouerseers, & giues 
either of them 20 s . Samuell Cole. 

Elias Mauericke, Aron X Way, John Senter. 

Feb. 13, 1666. Elias Mauerick & Aaron Way deposed. 

An Inuentory of the Estate at Winnesimet, of M r . Samuell Cole de- 
ceased, taken by Elias Mauerick, Aaron Way, William Ireland. Amt. 

May, 2, 1666. John Cole & Elizabeth Weeden deposed. 

John Bracket. — John Bracket, sick in Body but of a sound & perfect 
memory doe make my last will. Bequeathing my soule to Jesus Christ 
& my body to decent burial, making my Father Bracket & Father Sted- 
man my Executo rs . 1 Giue vnto the Old Church at Boston <£10; vnto 
the poore at Boston, £5 ; vnto my sister, Vpliam, £\0 ; vnto Brother 
Cooke, £\0; vnto mother Williams'* her Fiue children, £5 a peece ; vnto 
Brother Twelues, £10; vnto Bro. Nathaniel! Renolds, £\0; vnto Bro. 
Nathaniel! Bracket, £10; vnto sister, Sarah Bracket, £10; vnto my 
Executor" £ 10 a peece; vnto Lydia Dickso?i20 s . Prouided, my will is, 
that if my Estate at sea should miscarry & that which is in debts, then 
the legacies of c£10 to bee abridged vnto £b a peece at my Executo" dis- 
cretion; the rest of my Estate, the legacies aboue mentioned, my funerall 
Expences & debts being discharged, I Giue one third vnto the child my 
wife now goes withall, if it Hue to marriage Estate & marry, if not, then 
my wife to haue all my Estate whatsoeuer, mouable & imouables. 12: 
10: 1666. 

Wittnes whereof John Bracket. 

John Wiswall sen r ., Thomas Clarke. 

Boston, Jan 30, 1666. John Wisewall & Thomas Clarke deposed. 

Inventory of the Goods and Estate taken Feb. 22, 1666, by James Penn, 
Anthony Stoddard, Amt. 1021.04.4. Mentions, " the sale of ^ pt of 
Bureys Ketch — in money, £\\0-" " a fourth pt. of the ship Endeavour, 
apprized by John Wing & M* Clements, £ 250 ;" u cash in the hands of 
Mr John Clemens of London, by Edward Clements, £\b. 11. 10; by £50 
in M r Humphrey Dauies hands by order of M r Crisp for 2000 Royall 
plates 1 ' ; " 5000 lb of Sugar in Barbados in the hands of Abraham Hawkins, 
desperate ; u a quarter part of 100 lb . Cargo from London to Barbados, in 
the hands yet of M r Johnson of Barbados, a good debt. 

March 20, 1667. M r John Stedman, of Cambridge, & M r Peter 
Bracket, of Boston Executo rs to the will, deposed. 

Nicholas Upsall. 9: 6 th mo: 1666. I, Nicholas Vpsall, of Boston, 
Inholder, being weake in Body but of perfect memory, doe make this my 
last will. I make my wife, Dorothy Vpsall, to be my whole Executrix 
of all my Lands, Houses & goods. I Giue to my dau. Elizabeth, the 
wife of William Greenough, the one halfe of my Land, vizt. That halfe 
which is next to John Farnhams Land, from the middle of the wharfe to 
the south side of my Entry, & from thence to the midst of the higher 
End of my Garden vpon a straight line withthe Houses vpon that Land. 
Vnto my dau. Susanna, the wife of Joseph Cock, the other halfe of my 

1861.] Abstracts of Early Wills. 251 

Wharfe & Land vpon the south west, next to John Sweets, to the End of 
my Garden with the Houses vpon the Land, Prouided that my wife shall 
keepe & Enjoy the Houses & Lands during her life & after her decease 
to remaine vnto my Two Daughters, during their liues, and after the death 
of them or either of them to their respectiue children, and in case their 
are noe children, then to their Respectiue Husbands. I Giue to my dau. 
Dorothy Greenough, £20 ; to my Grand dau. Elizabeth Greenough, £20 ; 
to my Grand sonn, Nicholas Cock, £20; to bee payd to them respectiuely 
at their Age of 14 yeares, by my Executrix. I Giue to & for the vse of 
such servants of the Lord as are Commonly termed quaker, my new 
Feather bed, bolster & pillowes, with a good paier of sheets & a paier of 
blankets, with the new Rugg & a bedstead fitted wth Rope matt & Cur- 
tins to it, in that little Roome within my house called the Parlor, or in the 
Chamber ouer that Parlor, duringe the life of my said wife, And after her 
decease to bee there Continued by my dau. Cock, within whose line that 
part of the House falleth. I Giue to the said Society of Quakers, my 
Chest, with all my books & Papers, therein lying, with a small Table in 
the Roome. 1 Giue my great Coate to the Children of John Chamberlin, 
to Cloth them. 

Prouided & my will is, if my Executrix or my dau. Cock, see meet to set 
vp a House on any part of my Land for the vse of Quakers, that then it 
shall bee built foure & Twenty foot in length & Eighteen foot wide, with 
a Chimney, & the said bedstead, beding & Table in it, & it shall bee for 
their Company & it shall stand with my will. Nicholas Vpsall. 

In the presence of vs, 
William Greenough , Thomas Bill, William Pearse sen*. 

Oct. 31, 1666. Thomas Bill & William Pearse, deposed. 

Inventory of the Estate of Nicholas Vpsall, of Boston, who deceased 
the 20 of the 6 mo : 1666, taken & apprized, 3: 7: 1666, by James Euerell, 
John Search, John Sweete, Amt. ,£543, 10. [after deducting debts due and 
the Goods to be delivered to the Quakers.] 

Oct. 31, 1666. Dorothy Vpsall, deposed. 

Robert Hawes. — Being sick in body but hauing the p r sent vse of my 
memory & vnderstanding, I doe make this as my last will & Testament. 
[Debls to be paid.] * * * * My will is, that my sonn, Thomas Hawes, 
shall bee paid out of my Estate within a month after my decease, .£10 in 
such Cattle as may be best spared according to the aduice of my ouerseers. 
For the rest of my Cattle that remaines after the =£10 is paid to my sonn 
Thomas, my will is, that they bee then Equally deuided betweene my 
sonn, John Hawes, & my dau. Mary Hawes, to bee Carefully & wisely 
improued by the Council & with the aduice of my Ouerseers for their 
only vse & benifitt, only reseruing two Cowes for the vse & profit of my 
wife, vnto whom I bequeath the vse & benifitt of all the residue of my 
Estate, Lands, mouables or what else during hir life, Prouided shee marry 
noe other man, but in Case shee should marry, or, in case of her death, 
whether of these times shall first come, that then the whole Estate left in 
her hands, by my will as aforesayd, shall bee Equally diuided betweene 
my sonn, John Hawes & my dau. Mary Hawes, Always to bee soe vnder- 
stood that in case the Lord by his prouidence should soe dispose either 
by sickness or any other way as that the vse & profitts of the Estate will 
not Comfortably maintaine my wife, then my will is, that with & accord- 
ing to the Council & aduise of the ouerseers, saile may bee made of the 

252 Abstracts of Early Wills. [July, 

mouables as may bee least damage for her Comfortable supply. [If the 
children by sickness or otherwise stand in need of help before their Es- 
tate come into their hands, they are to be supplyed out of the Estate. In 
case John or Mary die before what is given. them by will is due, or by 
marriage, that the suriuo r , shall Enjoy the whole Estate giuen to both ; if 
both die, what is bequeathed to them to be giuen to Thomas. ~\ I make my 
sonn, Humphrey Barritt, Executor of this my will, requesting my kind 
Brother, John Perpont & my Louinge Friend, Edward Dennison, to bee 
Ouerseers. Feb. 5, 1663. Robert Hawes. 

Witness, Samuell Ruggles, John Clarke. 

Jan. 18, 1666 Samuell Ruggles & John Clarke, deposed. 

Inuentory of the Estate taken by Griffin Craft & Hugh Clarke, Jan. 3, 
1666. Amt. £123, 14, besides, some debts due to and from the Estate. 

Humphrey Barret, deposed, Jan. 18, 1666. 

John Biggs. — The last will & Testament of John Biggs being in per- 
fect memory, 19. 4. 1666. My debts & funerall Expences being dis- 
charged, I Giue vnto my wife, my House & Land belonging to it ; all 
my Land & Marsh in Boston; all my Land & marsh at Muddy Riuer, & 
all that I now possess. Doe Constitute my wife my sole Executrix, and 
appoint my Father Dosset, Ouerseer. I desire [to have] Elder Venn 
& Peter Bracket my Ouerseers. themarkeof 

Witness hereunto John x Biggs. 

Theodor Atkinson, William Salter, who deposed Oct. 19, 1666. 

Inventory of the Goods & Chatties of John Biggs, of Boston, lately 
deceased, taken July 11, 1666, by Tho : Bumsted, Theo : Atkinson. Amt. 
.£623. 1. Debts due, £31. 

Oct. 19, 1666. Mary Biggs Relict & Executrix to the late John 
Biggs, deposed. 

William Garrett. — Feb. 4, 1664. Power of administration to the 
Estate of the Late Wm. Garrett, of London, Marriner, is graunted unto 
John Farnham, in Behalfe of the Wife of the said Garrett & his Children. 

Inventory of the apparrell & Goods of William Garrett, of London, 
seaman, who while he was in Boston in New England, sojourned with 
John Farnham of Boston, & at his going forthe in the Widow Nicholls 
her Barque, Left in the Custodye of the said John Farnham senior [articles 
enumerated — including a debt due s d Garrett from s d Farnham — to the 
amount of £14. 7.] The said Garrett Dr. to Farnham for 3 weekes Dyet 
at 6 S =18 shillings. Appraisers, John Phillippes, Nathaniel Addarns. 
John Farnham deposed. 

Edmond Browne.* — Edmond Browne Departed this Life in the Coun- 
trey of Serrenam, about Michillmas Last, beinge in the yeere of our Lord 
1665, w th out Isue, & his wife, Elizabeth, he gaue all his estate to her to 
pay his debets and for her liuelyhood ; and he haueinge Left some estate in 
this Country of New England & ould Engld. she humble pray the hon- 
oured Maiestrates to grant her letters of Administracon to his estate here 
and in England, and as in duty bound shall praye &c. and when she can 
finde any she shall bringe in an Inventory of the particulars vpon oath- 
Administration granted to Elizabeth Browne, relict, &c. Boston, 11 
October 1666. ___ 

* From the files. 


Ancient Tax List. 



[Communicated by Matthew A. Stickney, of Salem, Mass.] 

[In 1848, I caused to be made for my own use a copy of the Births, Intentions, Mar- 
riages, and Deaths, recorded in the Town books of Rowley for the first hundred years 
of its settlement. 

I also carefully examined and made copies of whatever I considered of genealogical 
or historical interest on the Business books of the town, during that period. In the 
course of my examination, I found a loose leaf, containing what appeared on examina- 
tion to be a very early Tax List of Rowley, and which seems to have escaped the ob- 
servation of Gage, who, in his valuable History of Rowley, has given a Tax List 
which he considered the earliest on record, date y e 9 th June, 1691. No date appears on 
the List which I found, but from Mrs. Rogers (the widow of the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, 
who died Jan. 23, 1660) being taxed, it must have been after his death, and before the 
death of my ancestor William Stickney, (as is shown by his being taxedj, he dying 
Jan. 25, 1664. 

Rowley at that time comprehended all its original territories ; the inhabitants of her 
settlements on the Merrimack and Village lands, afterwards incorporated as Bradford 
and Boxford, are taxed on this List, and it may be seen from the names before which I 
have placed a star, that twenty of the sixty of its original settlers in 1639 were then 
living and taxed. 

The paper is in the handwriting of Thomas Leaver, whose name also appears on the 
List, but, for some unaccountable reason, is not found in Farmer's Genealogical Regis- 
ter, notwithstanding he was Town Clerk of Rowley from 1657, with little intermission, 
till his death, which occurred Dec. 27th, 1683. 

As the original Tax List is on a loose paper, liable to be lost, I have thought proper 
to submit to the Editor of the Hist, and Gen. Register a copy for publication. 

Salem, April 10, 1861.] 

Tho: Burkly 
*Rih: Swan 
*Tho: Tenny 
*Tho: Learver 

John Scales 
♦Will: Ace 
*Sam: Stickney 
Judith Lumin 
Rich: Lighton 
Benja: Scott 
Ed- Hazen 
John Johnson 
Uxor Smith 
Tho: Remington 
John Lambart 
Charles Browne 
Abel Langley 
Mark Prime 
James Bayley 
Rich: Langhorne 
Ed: Sawer 
Rich: Holmes 
Jam: Worster 
Henry Riely 
Andrew Hidin 
Will: Law 
John Palmer 
*John Harris 

0. 5. 0. 

0. 18. 10. 

1. 0. 3. 
0. 10. 11. 
0. 9. 1. 
0. 13. 8. 
0. 4. 6. 
0. 1 7. 
0. 5. 8. 
0. 8. 1. 
10. 2. 
0. 10. 4. 
0. 7. 11. 
0. 8. 5. 
0. 16. 0. 
0. 7. 0. 
0. 9. 9. 
0. 10. 2. 
0. 14. 7. 
0. 15. 8. 
0. 6. 11. 
0. 8. 6. 
0. 8. 3. 
0. 8. 8. 
0. 4. 3. 
0. 9. 4. 
0. 15. 5. 
0. 12. 3. 

Sam: Mighill 0. 7. 10. 

John Grant 0. 8. 4. 

Sam: Plats 0. 5. 11. 

Tho: Wood 0. 7. 3. 

John Pichard for Neh: 

Jewitt 0. 1. 3. 

Ezekiel Northen 0. 15. 10. 

Mr. Nelson 0. 15. 7. 

Tho: Nelson 0. 15. 0. 

*John Spofford 0. 14. 10. 

John Pearson 1. 5. 7. 

John Pichard 1. 1. 4. 

•Wills Boynton 0. 11. 9. 

Jon a Plats 0. 4. 5. 

Abraham Jewit 0. 8. .2 

John Mighill 0. 4. .9 

*John Dreser 1. 2. .3 

Will: Foster 0. 8. .11 

Rich: Wickem 0. 5. .6 

Rich: Clarke 0. .7 .3 

Nicol: Jackson 0. .9 .10 

* Peter Cooper 0. .14 .0 

*John Burbanks 0. .11 .7 

*Tho: Palmer 0. .14 .3 

•Will: Jackson 0. .13 .6 

Jere: Elsworth 0. .15 .6 

*John Trumble 0. .6 .7 

Daniell Wickem 0. .8 .6 


The Dodge Family. 


John Boyes 
Uxor Dickinson 

* Deacon Jewitt 
Leno: Han man 

* George Ki I borne 
John Ray ne r 

* James Barker 

* Will. Stickney 
•Will: Seales 

John Brocket bank 
Sam: Brock el bank 
Uxor Mighill 
Uxor Hobson 
Mrs. Rogers 
*Rob. Heseltine 
Good: Starling 

















































Henry Kingbury 
Corp: Gage 
Uxor Peison 
Dan: Bradley 
George Hadley 
Rob: Andrews 
Rob: Smith 
Abram: Redington 
Rob: Stiles 
Jos: Bixsby 
Good: Peabedy 
Good: Perley 
John Cumins 
John Bond 
Rob: Rogers 
Good: Hardy 

0. 9. 2. 

1. 9. 8. 
0. 3. 11. 
0. 6. 8. 
0. 7. 8. 
0. 9. 3. 
0. 6. 9. 
0. 14. 3. 
0. 6. 9. 
0. 9. 5. 
0. 0. 5. 
0. 1. 1. 
0. 10. 0. 
0. 5. 5. 
0. 5. 5. 
0. 13. 7. 



There are few pursuits, in an hour of leisure, more amusing than tracing 
the great men of the far West, and following them back to their early ances- 
tors, and often not more than two or three generations — fortunately if 
poor, as fortunately blessed with sound common sense and a powerful in- 
tellect, and good moral character, with their families brought up and edu- 
cated in the common schools of New England, generally from Connecti- 
cut, Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire — such as the 
Little Giant, &c, from Vermont ; Ex-Gov. Seymour, Ex-Lieut. Gov. 
Root, Hon. Joshua Spencer, Judge Beardsley, &c, of New York, (from 
Connecticut): Hon. Abraham Baldwin, Stephen Upson, &c, of Georgia, 
&c, from Connecticut ; also, the Ingersols, Chesters, Chauncys, and 
Boardman of Philadelphia, from the same state; and as a farther honor 
to that little state, I name Gen. Henry Dodge, and his son Augustus C. 
Dodge, who descended originally from John Dodge of the towns of Wind- 
ham and Canterbury, Ct. John was son of Edward Dodge ; this son 
learned the trade of a blacksmith, and settled and followed his trade in 
the town of Canterbury, Ct.; his wife was Lydia (Rogers); they had sev- 
eral children, one of whom was Israel, born in Canterbury in 1760. This 
Israel, when sixteen years of age, left his home in Canterbury, and joined 
the army in the war of the Revolution and never again returned to his 
native town. He was a lieutenant of his company when he left the army 
of the Revolution. 

After a large collection of the Dodge family in this country it is be- 
lieved they originated in England from the same original stock. They 
came, in this country, from three brothers who came to Salem, Mass., 
William, Richard, John. William first came over to this country in the 
ship "Lyon's Whelpe," which sailed from Yarmouth, England, May 
7th, 1629, and arrived at Salem, Mass., in due time. The original coat 
of arms has for centuries been used by the families of the name of Dodge 
in Lancashire, Norfolk and Suffolk, England, where many yet reside. 
This William Dodge, tradition says, was tall in person, with black hair, 
and dark complexion. William returned to Lancashire, England, whers 

1861.] The Dodge Family. 255 

he married, and returned to Salem with his wife and his brothers Richard 
and John. Richard settled at Beverly and John settled at Wenham, 
Mass., near Salem. Richard's descendants are sandy hair and complex- 
ion, tradition says "speckled." John's descendants, light hair and com- 
plexion. Some of the family joined Roger Williams, and afterwards set- 
tled in Rhode Island ; some went to Long Island, to Esopus Creek, New 
York, &c. &c. They have been a warlike race of men, as appears by 
their " coat of arms," and did great service in England by Peter Dodge, 
and in this country as officers and soldiers in the war of the Revolution. 
Among the officers were five at Bunker Hill, viz., Major Richard Dodge, 
Captains Barnabas and Abraham, Lieut Robert, and Ensign Paul Dodo-e. 
Samuel and Levi Dodge served during the war, as did Israel Dodge of 
Canterbury, Conn., who wjs, when the war closed, a lieutenant. 

This name, though somewhat known in the history of this country, 
should be better known for their valor, in war last proved by old Israel 
and his son Gen. Henry Dodge of the West. 

Dodge, I). S., and Dodge Low of New York. 
Dodge, David, of Beverly, Mass., who was the son of David Dodge, 
said by his descendants to have been a congregational clergyman from 
Wales and haft but one child, the above David. David, Jr., m. Anna 
Low, who was distinguished for her accomplishments and piety. They 
settled in Beverly, (Wenham, S.) and had a son David, b. Oct. 10, 1742, 
and a son Samuel, b. about two years after, his only children who sur- 
vived infancy ; David, last above, m. widow Mary Earl, (maiden name 
Mary Stewart,) and had an only son David Low Dodge, who was b. in 
Brooklyn, Conn., June 14, 1774. 

Dodge, David Low, m. Sarah, dau of Rev. Aaron Cleveland, and had 
two sons, viz., David Stewart, b. July 14, 1803, and W T illiam Earl, b. 
Sept. 4, 1805. 

Dodge, David Stewart, son of David and Sarah, settled for several 
years as a physician at Hartford, Conn., where he acquired a high repu- 
tation in his profession, but for some cause he abandoned his profession 
and removed to the city of New York for more lucrative business. He 
m. Caroline, dau. of Erastus Hyde, and had 4 sons and 4 daus., viz.: 1. 
David Low, b. June 4, 1834; 2. William Earl, b. Jan. 23, 1843; 3. Fred- 
erick Nevins, b. Feb. 6, 1845; 4. Joseph Edwin, b. Feb. 19, 1847; 5. 
Sarah Frances, b. Feb. 5, 1830 ; 6. Caroline Melissa, b. April 3, 1832, 
m. George H. Dana of Boston ; 7. Harriet Elizabeth, b. Aug. 8, 1836 ; 
8. Mary Stewart, b. June 5, 1841. 

Dodge, William Earl, Esq., second son of David Low Dodge, is a 
wealthy merchant in the city of New York. He married Melissa, dau. of 
Anson G. Phelps, Esq., late deceased, of New York, and has 7 sons, viz.: 
1. William Earl, b. Feb. 15, 1832; 2. Anson G. Phelps, b. Aug. 25, 
1834; 3. David Stewart, b. Sept. 22, 1836; 4. Charles Cleveland, b. 
Sept. 16, 1841 ; 5. Norman White, b. Nov. 24, 1846 ; 6. George Eggle- 
ston, b. Dec. 1, 1849 ; 7. Arthur H., b. Oct. 28, 1852. 

There may be some doubt whether the first David Dodge, the clergy- 
man, was from Wales, as Dodges were numerous in Windham at an early 
period of the settlement of Salem, Beverly and Windham, descendants of 
William, Richard and John, who came from England as early as 1629, 
and settled as before stated, and the name of David was frequently found 
among their descendants as a family name. R. R. H. 

256 Miss Cushman. [July* 


[Written for the Portland Transcript.] 

It may not be generally known that Miss Cushman, the celebrated ac- 
tress — Charlotte Sanders Cushman — is a lineal descendant of the Rev. 
Thomas Smith, the first pastor of the First Church in Portland. The fol- 
lowing table will show the descent : Mr. Smith's eldest daughter, Lucy, 
by his wife, Sarah Tyng of Woburn, Mass., born Feb. 22, 1734, in 
1752 married Thomas Sanders of Gloucester, Mass. Mr. Sanders was a 
graduate of Harvard College in the class of 1748, was a representative 
nine years to the General Court, and a councillor before the revolution ; 
he died in 1774, having had twelve children. One of the daughters mar- 
ried Paul Dudley Sargent of Boston, afterwards of Sullivan, Maine, from 
whom descended Mrs. Luther Jewett of Portland. Thomas Sanders, a 
wealthy merchant in Salem, was one of his sons; he died in 1844, aged 
84 ; two of whose daughters married Leverett and Nathaniel Saltonstall 
of Salem — another daughter of Thomas and Lucy (Smith) Saunders, 
Mary, born 1766, married Erasmus Babbitt of Sturbridge, Mass., who 
graduated at Harvard College, 1790, was by profession a lawyer, and died 
in 1816, leaving two children. One of these children, Mary Eliza Bab- 
bitt, married Elkanah Cushman of Boston, in 1815, and had by him five 
children, the eldest of whom is Charlotte Sanders Cushman, the actress, 
born in 1816; her sister, Mrs. Muspratt,* a lady of some distinction, resid- 
ed in Liverpool, England. Thus it appears that Miss Cushman is in the 
fifth degree of descent from Parson Smith, who died in 1795, aged 94 ; 
viz., Mr. Smith, Lucy Sanders, Mary Babbitt, Mary Eliza Cushman, 
Charlotte Sanders Cushman. This is the same degree in which our fellow 
citizen, General Anderson, stands to the same venerable head, through 
another branch, viz., Rev. Peter Thatcher Smith of Windham, son of the 
Pastor; Peter's daughter Lucy, born 1769, married Abraham Anderson 
of Windham, whose son John, our late respected townsmen, left three 
sons by his wife Ann Jameson of Freeport, John, Samuel and Edward, 
who all survive. Other descendants of the first pastor, through his son 
Peter, in the same degree, are still residing among us, and in other parts 
of the country, by the name of Smith, Farwell, Winslow, Baker. The 
children of Leverett and Nathaniel Saltonstall, are also in the same de- 
gree of descent, as are also the grandchildren of the Rev. Mr. Smith's 
youngest daughter Sarah, who married Deacon Richard Codman in 1763. 

None of the sons of the Rev. Mr Smith, except Peter, left any children. 

Miss Cushman was brought up in Boston, where her father died in 
1841. She and her sister went on to the stage to obtain means to support 
their mother and the family, which were left poor; she has been con- 
stantly rising in the histrionic art, until she has attained a rank in the first 
class of actors at the present day. She has performed with eminent suc- 
cess in the principal theatres of this country and Great Britain, has accu- 
mulated a handsome property, and maintained an unimpeached character. 


Inquiry. — Who was the husband, if she married, of Melatiah, the 
daughter of John Hamblen of Barnstable ; she was born July 1, 1668 ? 

* See Register, Vol. XIII., p. 281. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 257 


[Continued from page 160.] 


Benjamin Church.— Settles amon? the Indians.— Discovers the hostile designs of them.— Awashonks. 
War dance.— Exciting scene.— Weetamoo— Petananuet.— Church's proceedings.— John Easton.— 
March of troops.— Eclipse.— Capt. Mosley.— Pirates and privateers— Consert.— Skirmish at Swan- 
sey.— Flight of the Indians —Pursuit.— Cornelius's exploit.— Lieut. Oakes's exploit.— Depredations. 
Incidents. — Christian or Praying Indians join the English forces. 

The name of Capt. Benjamin Church has been several times men- 
tioned, and it is now proposed to inform the reader who he was, that 
his narrative may be duly appreciated. He was son of Richard 
Church, a millwright, who came to Boston in 1630, was at Wessagus- 
set the same year, and also at Plymouth; at a place called Eel River 
in that town he took up his residence. Thence he went to Eastham, 
and finally to Dedham, where he died, Dec. 27th, 1668, aged 60 years 
He served in the Pequot war as a sergeant. His wife was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Warren of Plymouth, who died in 1670 at Hing- 
ham. Richard Church built the first meeting-house erected at Plym- 
outh. The exact number of his children is not known, though we 
have the names of some ten of them. Benjamin, the distinguished 
warrior, was one of them, and was born in 1639, at Plymouth;* mar- 
ried Alice, daughter of Constant Southworth, Dec. 26th, 1667, and 
settled at Little Compton, in Rhode Island, in 1674. Here he had 
purchased lands, at the suggestion or recommendation of Captain, 
afterwards Colonel, Almy of Rhode Island. Here he was in the midst 
of the Indians, whose friendship he cultivated with good success, and. 
being active and of great physical strength, he soon had a good farm 
under cultivation and suitable and convenient buildings upon it, all 
which he built himself, being by trade a carpenter. Possessing great 
energy and commanding presence, the Indians respected, loved, and 
feared him. But this agreeable state of things was soon interrupted.! 
His history now becomes so closely connected with the events of the 
war that it must be carried along with it. 

As the spring of 1675 was advancing, and as " Mr. Church was 
diligently settling his new farm, stocking, leasing, and disposing of his 
affairs, and had a fine prospect of doing no small things; and hoping 
his good success would be inviting unto other good men to become his 
neighbors; behold! the rumor of a war between the English and the 
natives gave check to his projects." People, continues Church, had 
reason to be jealous of the Indians, and to believe they intended to 
commence a war on the white people. He had it daily suggested to 

* In the Memoir prefixed to the edition of the History of Philip's War, of 1772, he is said to have 
been born at Duxbury. That memoir was drawn up by Deacon Benj. Church of Boston, grandson of 
the Captain, and is exceedingly erroneous in the parts of it not within his own knowledge. 

f Mr. Church's autograph to an original 
document of 1672, is here fac-simileed. 


c3 ^ : c^o.^tivn-(P^a7^r^ 

258 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [July, 

him that a bloody design was on foot, and that Philip, c ' the great 
Mount Hope sachem, was leader therein ; that he was sending his mes- 
sengers to all the neighboring sachems, to engage them into a confed- 
eracy with him in the war." The place where Church lived bore the 
Indian name of Sogkonate, afterwards called by the English Seconet, 
a name which a part of the coast still bears among its inhabitants and 
those of the vicinity. 

Being well acquainted with the principal Indians, and standing high 
in their favor, Mr. Church had early intelligence of whatever of impor- 
tance passed among them in all directions. He had listened with much 
anxiety to the rumors of war, but hoped they would die away without 
bloodshed. His hopes were soon put to flight by the arrival of six men 
from Mount Hope, being sent by Philip to the Sogkonate Queen. Awa- 
shonks, to enlist her and her men in a war with the English. She was 
a little inclined to join with Philip, so much so that she made a war 
dance, into which her men heartily entered, as did she also. As the 
dance progressed, it occurred to Awashonks, that, as Mr. Church had 
always been a good and faithful friend to her and her people, she ought 
to consult him before concluding the ceremony of enlisting her men, 
which the completion of the dance would have done. Accordingly she 
sent two of her young men, who well understood the English language, 
to invite Mr. Church to come to her. One of the messengers was 
named Sassamon, perhaps a brother of the one murdered, and another 
named George, of whom we shall again hear. Awashonks's residence 
was at considerable distance below that of Mr. Church ; that is, farther 
down into Sogkonate Point. As soon as Church received the invitation 
he mounted his horse, taking Charles Hazelton, his tenant's son, with 
him, he well understanding the Indian language. At the place ap- 
pointed he found " hundreds of Indians gathered together from all parts 
of Awashonks's dominion," and the Queen herself, in a foaming sweat, 
leading the dance;"* who, as soon as she understood that Mr. Church 
had come, broke off the dance and sat down. Calling her chiefs about 
her, she next ordered Mr. Church to be invited into her presence. Com- 
pliments being passed, she frankly told him the cause of the mission of 
the six men from Philip, and also added, that they came with two of 
her men who had been at Mount Hope. She said Philip had advised 
her that the Umpames (English) were preparing a great army at Plym- 
outh which was destined to ravage the country of the Indians. Church 
assured her that this information was false; that he knew it to be so, 
for he had been at Plymouth but a few days before; that no prepara- 
tions were making, and the gentlemen of the government there, with 
whom he conversed, said nothing about it, and he believed they thought 
nothing about it. Further to convince her that he was telling her the 
truth, he asked her if she thought he would have brought his goods 
there, and settled among the Indians, if he believed there would be a 
war? This so far dispelled her suspicions, that she said she believed 
he spoke the truth. Whereupon she ordered the Mount Hopes into 
her presence. They appeared in all their warlike attire, " making a 
formidable appearance;" faces painted, hair trimmed up in comb-fash- 
ion, with powder-horns and shot-bags at their backs. Awashonks now 

* Church, 22. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England, 259 

told them what Mr. Church had said. Then commenced a warm talk 
among the Indians. This she soon quieted, and proceeded to tell him 
that Philip demanded that she should join him, or he would send some 
of Ills men over privately to that side of the bay to kill the cattle of the 
English, by which the owners of them would charge it upon her men. 
At this Mr. Church was greatly irritated, and for a moment lost his 
self-possession. Stepping hastily to the Mount Hope warriors, he felt 
of their pouches, and finding that they were filled with bullets, de- 
manded what they intended to do with them? To which they scoff- 
ingly replied, u To shoot pigeons with." Turning to Awashonks, Mr. 
Church said, if war was Philip's purpose she should kill these men 
and put herself under the protection of the English. At this the Mount 
Hopes were silent. It was a critical moment. Church had in his an- 
ger overstepped the bounds of discretion, and the two of Awashonks's 
men who had been at Mount Hope and returned with Philip's men, 
seemed very furious. One of the Queen's councillors, named Little 
Eyes, endeavored to entice Mr. Church away from the company under 
pretence of private conversation, but, as Mr. Church's friends believed, 
to assassinate him. They therefore would not allow him to go. 

At this stage of affairs the Indians were highly excited, some being for 
peace and others for war. Mr. Church told the Mount Hopes they were 
bloody wretches ; that they thirsted for the blood of those who had never 
injured them, but who had always been kind to them; that, though he 
desired nothing so much as peace, yet, if they were determined on war, 
he would prove a sharp thorn in their sides. He remarked to all those 
who were for peace, that they might take notice of those who were so 
fierce for war, and see if they should be found among its survivors. 

Before leaving Awashonks, Mr. Church advised her to send a mes- 
senger to the Governor of Plymouth, with a request that he would take 
her under his protection. This she assented to, and desired him to act 
as such messenger. He consented ; and, at parting, he urged her to 
remain firm, and not to join with the war party on any account, as it 
would surely prove her ruin if she did. He then left her, accompanied 
by two of her men whom she sent to guard him to his house. The 
guard, on arriving there and seeing his goods unprotected, advised him 
to convey them to a place of safety. He said, " No." He would give 
no ground of suspicion by such an act; but told them, that if, in his 
absence, they should deem them unsafe, they might remove them, and 
indicated a place in the woods where they might hide them, " which 
they faithfully observed." 

Mr. Church proceeded to Plymouth by way of Pocasset, to see an- 
other Queen, named Weetamoo. She was absent, but he found her 
husband, named Petananuet.* The information elicited from this 
Indian fully confirmed him that what he had learned at the camp of 
the Sogkonate Queen was all true. 

The Queen of Pocasset at this time is said to have had under her 
300 men.f She had been the wife of Alexander, and after his death 

* The English turned this name into Peter Nunuit. It is spelled variously in the old records of 
Plymouth. See Vol. XII. p. 163. 

t Old Indian Chronicle, 6, where it is said, " she is as potent a Piince as any round about her. and 
hath as much corn, land and men at her command }" and Hubbard, 109. The editor of John Eastern's 
Narrative, p. 18, is wrong in supposing his author refers to Awashonks, who was Queen of Seconuet 

260 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [July, 

became, as before stated, the wife of Petananuet. She had not, it is 
quite likely, a very favorable opinion of the English, viewing the cir- 
cumstances of her first husband's death. But she seems not to have 
complained about it. Her men were looked upon as warlike, and from 
their vicinity to the English settlements were capable of doing much 
mischief. It was therefore an object to detach them, if possible, from 
Philip's interest. But Church's efforts to secure the Pocassets came too 
late, as will be seen hereafter. 

Petananuet told Mr. Church that there would certainly be war, for 
Philip had held war dances of several weeks' continuance, and had 
entertained the young Indians from all parts of the country. He said 
also that he saw Mr. James Brown of Swansey, and Mr. Samuel Gor- 
ton who was an interpreter, and two other men who brought a letter 
from the Governor of Plymouth* to Philip; that the young men would 
have killed Mr. Brown, but Philip prevented it, telling them that " his 
father (Massasoit) had charged him to show kindness to Mr. Brown. "f 

It may reasonably be inferred, that Philip could not control the 
young Indians he had called about him, and to prevent their killing 
peace messengers, was obliged to promise them, " that, on the next 
Lord's day (June 20th), when the English were gone to meeting, they 
might rifle their houses, and, from that time forward, kill their cattle."! 
By this information of Petananuet, it is evident he was well disposed 
towards the English. The Queen, his wife, was not far off, and he 
desired Mr. Church to go and see her, which he did. He found but 
few of her people with her. She said they had all gone to Philip's 
war-dances, and she much feared there would be war. He advised 
her to go over to Rhode Island with her people, and to inform the Gov- 
ernor of Plymouth that she had done so, because she knew he was her 
friend. Mr. Church then left her, and hastened to Plymouth to give 
the Governor an account of what he had discovered. "And he was 
so expeditious that he was with him early the next morning, which 
was Wednesday, June 16th. Here he remained until the following 
Monday, on which day he marched with the Plymouth forces for Swan- 
sey, as has before been related. 

Weetamoo was well disposed towards the English at first, and ex- 
erted herself to prevent war, and when her efforts failed, she attempted 
to follow Church's advice and retire to Rhode Island, "but," says John 
Easton, "some of our English, in fury against all Indians, would not 
consent that she should be received on the Island, although she came 
with but six of her men," which she at last proposed to do. And yet 
Mr. Easton offered to be at all the charge of maintaining and securing 
them, if allowed to come. But the Rhode Island people had hesitated 
and opposed Easton's benevolent offer too long. About two days, 
however, before hostilities commenced, the Rhode Island men consented 
to Mr. Easton's proposal, and unfortunately, an accident delayed his 
sending his boats for her one day, and in the interim, some of the Island 
English, seeing canoes on the Pocasset side, went over and seized 

* This doubtless has reference to the 17th of June, when " Mr. Paine of Rehoboth and several 
others" went to visit Philip, as elsewhere stated. 
t Church, 29. \ Ibid. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 261 

them 3 supposing they belonged to Philip. This was on the 19th of 
June, and the next day hostilities were begun, by burning of houses 
and other mischiefs, as related before. "And," says Easton, "mis- 
chief of either side [was] endeavored to the other, and much harm 
done" ; in which the house of Weetamoo was burned.* Hence it is 
plain from the foregoing facts that Weetamoo was forced, against her 
inclination, to join Philip in the war.f 

On the 26th of June, a foot company under Capt. Daniel Henchman, 
with a troop under Capt. Thomas Prentice, marched for Mount Hope, 
the scene of hostilities. They begun their march late in the afternoon, 
and were overtaken by the shades of night before they reached Nepon- 
set river. It happened that the shades of that night were much heavier 
than usual, as "the central eclipse of the moon in Capricorn" then 
took place, which occasioned the forces to come to an halt,J and to 
improve the occasion for rest and a repast. This was a period when 
eclipses were thought by the body of the people to be ominous of mis- 
chiefs and disasters ; hence, at this time, some melancholy fancies — 
says Mr. Hubbard — would not be persuaded but that this portended 
some impending ruin to themselves. They discovered something on 
the moon's disk, also, which their imaginations convinced them resem- 
bled the scalp of an Indian; some even thought they saw an Indian 
arrow. In this superstition the English were quite on a level with the 
Romans; some of whom, 1700 years before, while on a march against 
the Parthians, endeavored to dissuade their general from proceeding on 
a certain night, because the moon was eclipsed in Capricorn. The 
general, being well aware of the dexterity of his enemy in the use of 
the bow and arrow, remarked that he was more afraid of Sagitarius 
than Capricornus. The event proved that he had good reason for his 

By this eclipse " the moon was totally darkened above an hour."§ 
" But after the moon had waded through the dark shadow of the earth 
and borrowed her light again, by the help thereof the two companies 
marched on towards Woodcock's|| house, thirty miles from Boston, 
where they arrived next morning." Here, after resting a few hours, 
they were joined by Capt. Samuel Mosley with his company. The 
next day the three companies arrived at Swansey, namely, June the 
28th. Mosley's march out of Boston was probably delayed owing to 
an arrangement which the authorities were making to add about a 
dozen pirates to his company, who were at that time lying in prison 
here; some, if not all of whom, were under sentence of death. Of 
these pirates we learn the name of but one — Cornelius Consert. Of 
him, more hereafter. These pirates were put into the army with the 

* Easton, Narrative, 19. 

t Mr. Arnold thinks Weetamoo was no friend to the English, and used all her influence against 
them. Hut my statement is made from a careful comparison of Church, Easton, and other accounts. 
See Hist. Rhode Island, i. 392-5. 

X The place at which they were arrived is said to be about twenty miles from Boston. Their march 
must have been very circuitous. 

§ I. Mather, Brief Hist , p. 3. 

|| John Woodcock was an early inhabitant there. His house was an "ordinary," and stood 133 
years. At the end of that period (1808) it was taken down, and a more commodious house erected 
on the spot. It is in the present town of Attleborough. See Daggett's Hist. Attleboro', and Bliss's 
Rehoboth, 77-8. 

262 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [July, 

understanding that if they behaved well their lives might be spared. 
Mosley himself had been a freebooter, or "an old privateer at Jamai- 
ca," according to a Boston journalist of that time,* who also says he 
was "an excellent Souldier, and an undaunted spirit, one whose mem- 
ory will be honourable in New England for his many eminent services 
he hath done the publick."f His company consisted of "about" one 
hundred and ten men, and a number of dogs. The latter were to be 
used in hunting the Indians. 

Having arrived at Swansey, the Massachusetts forces were joined 
with those of Plymouth, and the whole were under the command of 
Capt. James Cud worth of the latter Colony, who was now styled Gen- 
eral Cudworth. J Near the head-quarters of the army — which was the 
house of Mr. John Miles, the minister — was a bridge over a small river, 
since called Palmer's River. The way over this bridge led into Philip's 
lands. Before night, on the day of the arrival of the Boston troops, 
some of them being eager to see the Indians, obtained leave to make 
an excursion over Miles's bridge. A small number^ of Capt. Prentice's 
mounted men at once volunteered for the excursion, who were led by the 
two quartermasters, Andrew Belcher and John Gill. These persuaded 
Capt. Church to accompany the party, and supplied him with a horse 
and furniture. No sooner had this party passed the bridge but they 
were in an ambush which had been laid for them. The number of the 
Indians composing the ambnsh was about equal to the number of the 
troopers. Those were all well armed with guns, and at once fired 
upon them, killing the pilot, one William Hammond, and wounding 
both Belcher and Gill. The former received a shot in the knee, and 
his horse was killed under him. At the latter the enemy took better 
aim, though with less effect, for the ball struck his side, but was pre- 
vented even breaking the skin, owing to the precaution he had taken 
of placing under his clothes many thicknesses of paper. This, together 
with his buff coat, saved his life. 

As soon as the Indians had performed this feat, they, in their usual 
manner, fled; but seeing they were not pursued, they returned to their 
former hiding-places to renew the attack. Meanwhile the troopers 
began to retreat, leaving the dead and wounded, but by the exertions 
of Church their courage was so far restored that some of them assisted 
him in bringing them off. Having dismounted to take care of the body 
of Hammond, Mr. Church's horse strayed away in the direction of the 
Indians. Unwilling to lose the horse, he proceeded after him. He had 
not gone far, before he saw the enemy concentrating, and "he called 
earnestly and repeatedly to the army to come over and fight the enemy ; 
and while he stood calling and persuading, the enemy all discharged 
their guns at him at one slap; and though every shot missed him, yet 
one of the army, on the other side of the river, received one of the balls 
in his foot." Church thought it was quite time to retreat, and did so, 

* Pres. State of N. Evg. in the Old Indian Chronicle, p. 9. 

| For some account of Mosley, see Hist, and Antiqs. Boston, p. 402. 

\ I found in the State Paper Office, London, an exceedingly interesting letter written by this gentle- 
man, which is printed in the N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xiv. p. 101-4. It is there introduced 
by a notice of the writer. 

§ Hubbard says twelve of Prentice's troop. But that number did not include the officers, and per 
haps a few others besides Church. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 263 

exclaiming, " The Lord have mercy on us, if such a handful of Indians 
shall thus dare such an army."* Thus ended the events of the 28th 
of June, 1675. 

The next morning, June 29th, the Indians, emboldened by their suc- 
cess of the previous evening, made a show of possessing Miles's bridge, 
uttering shouts of defiance. Upon this, Mosley, with his "privateers," 
were in readiness and commenced a pursuit, followed by the main 
body. Having passed the bridge, no Indians were to be seen. In the 
order of march some confusion prevailed. "The direction was — says 
Church — to extend both wings, which not being well heeded by those 
that remained in the centre, some of them mistook their friends for 
their enemies, and made a fire upon them in the right wing, and 
wounded that noble, heroic youth, ensign [Perez] Savage, in the thigh, 
but it happily proved only a flesh wound. "f Mr. Hubbard calls him, 
" that young Martial spark," and says he was scarce twenty years of 
age, and that he "had at that time one bullet lodged in his thigh, 
another shot through the brim of his hat, by ten or twelve of the ene- 
my discharging upon him together, while he boldly held up his colors 
in front of his company." It does not appear from the narrative of 
Church that there was any skirmish with the Indians during this day, 
but Mr. Hubbard learned, that the forces " were compelled to retreat 
back to the main guard, having first made a shot upon the Indians as 
they ran away into a swamp near by, whereby they killed five or six 
of them, as was understood soon after at Narraganset." 

The English called this a " resolute charge upon the enemy, which 
made them quit their place on Mount Hope that very night — June 
29th — where Philip was never seen after till the next year, when he 
was by divine mandate sent back, there to receive the reward of his 
wickedness where he first began his mischief."J 

Philip seems to have been well aware of the designs of the English, 
namely, that they would hem him in on Mount Hope Neck, and he 
lost no time in escaping out of it. That he would take this course, 
Capt. Church was perfectly satisfied, and so expressed himself to the 
English commanders ; but they did not heed his suggestions. Conse- 
quently, while they were tardily moving about the vicinity of Mount 
Hope, Philip had retreated over Taunton River with all his men and 
effects, and taken up his quarters in the extensive swamps of Pocasset. 

By the last day of June, two other companies had arrived at head- 
quarters from Boston. § These companies consisted of sixty horse and 
as many foot. With them came Capt. Thomas Savage, who had the 
command of all the Massachusetts forces, and was styled Major Gen- 
eral. The authorities pressed horses for the footmen, and six carts to 
carry provisions for them. Mr. John Morse of Boston was appointed 

* Hist. King Philip's War, 32-4. 

t Church, 34. Hubbard's relation of this affair is very different. He gives no intimation that there 
was a mistake of the sort mentioned in the extract from Church. No one can suppose that Church 
was mistaken, being on the spot at the time. Hubbard doubtless obtained his information from the 
officers of the army, and they would not be very likely to communicate the commission of such a blun- 
der, to be chronicled to their lasting discredit. 

% Hubbard, Narrative, 19. 

\ According to Hubhard ; they arrived " about six a clock over night." That is, about 6 o'clock on 
the 29lh.— Narrative, 19. 

264 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [July, 

Commissary General to attend the army, and Mr. Nathaniel Williams 
was Commissary at home. The forces under Savage had marched 
night and day to arrive at Swansey in season to check the enemy, but 
the enemy had disappeared, as has been related.* An immediate con- 
sultation was had by the commanders on the arrival of Major Savage, 
and it was resolved to march at once, with the whole force, against 
Philip, but the weather of the morning of the 30th of June "being 
doubtful," it was near noon before the army moved. At the distance 
of about a mile and an half from Mr. Miles's house, (called " the garri- 
son,") they came to houses lately burned by the Indians, who had, up 
to this time, burnt eighteen in all,f in and about Swansey. Near one 
of the burnt houses the fragments of a bible were found. It had been 
torn in pieces and the leaves scattered about. This was done by the 
enemy, the English thought, to show the contempt in which they held 
the religion of the English. Two or three miles more brought the 
army to Keekamuit, now the upper part of Warren, being the "narrow 
of the neck." Hereabouts had been the principal massacre already 
related, and here they found and buried the heads of eight of their 
countrymen. These heads were fixed upon poles by the wayside. 
They found also several scalps, and hands which had been cut from 
the bodies of those which had been slain. After this melancholy ser- 
vice was performed, the forces marched on some two miles further, 
when they came upon "divers wigwams of the enemy, amongst which 
were many things scattered up and down, arguing the hasty flight of 
the owners: half a mile further, as they passed through many fields 
of stately corn, they found Philip's own wigwam," but not an Indian 
was to be seen, although the English continued their march "to the 
sea side."J From this point Gen. Cudworth, " with some of the men 
of Plymouth," passed over to the island of Rhode Island, and the 
army under Major Savage encamped for the night, and " were forced 
to abide all night in the open field, without any shelter," amidst tor- 
rents of rain.§ On the morning of the 1st of July, they marched back 
to their original rendezvous at Swanzey, meeting with nothing of the 
enemy excepting some Indian dogs which seemed to have lost their 
masters. || 

The Boston journalistH says, that in this march of the army after 
Philip — who with his wife was at Mount Hope — they came upon him 
at unawares, compelling him " to rise from dinner, and, with all his 
company, to fly out of that land." The same chronicler relates farther, 
that the army pursued the Indians as far as they could go for swamps, 
killing fifteen or sixteen of them; that they took from Philip's camp 
what was worth taking and spoiled the rest ; taking also all his cattle 
and hogs, and possessing themselves of Mount Hope, which had then a 

* Narrative in the Old Indian Chronicle, p 11. t Hubbard, Table. 

X Hubbard, p. 19. With whom compare Church, p. 34-5, who has blended some three days' oper- 
ations together. 

§ John Easton says, " it was a very stormy night ;" that the foot soldiers were unable to return in 
the morning without some refreshment, and it was sent over to them by the Rhode Island people. The 
troop would not accept of any, and left the foot contemptuously and returned by themselves. It is 
inferable from Easton that Cudworth and others went to the Island to obtain provisions, at which the 
troop was indignant. 

|| Hubbard, 20. H Old Indian Chronicle, 11. 

IS61.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 265 

thousand acres under corn, all which the English forces cut down and 
disposed of, according to their discretion.* 

It is recorded hy the same writer, that the pirate Cornelius, when the 
army was in pursuit of Philip, pursued him so hard that he got his cap 
off his head, and wore it himself afterwards. f It is also related of this 
Dutch pirate, that the General, finding him a stout man and willing to 
venture his life for the English, sent him on a scout with twelve men, 
with orders to return in three hours, on pain of death. But death sen- 
tences seem to have heen with him matters of ordinary concern, for he 
did not return until eight hours had passed; during all which time he 
had been in fights and other active employment against the enemy. 
He first met with sixty Indians " that were hailing their canoes ashore." 
These he set upon, killed thirteen and took eight alive. The rest he 
pursued as far as he could for swamps. Then he returned to the ca- 
noes and burnt them all, about forty in number. He then returned to 
camp with all his men. A council of war was called, in which he was 
sentenced to be executed agreeably to the conditions on which he un- 
dertook his expedition. But a pardon immediately followed the sen- 
tence of death, and instead of a halter he received the thanks of the 
council for the good service he had performed ; and soon after he was 
sent out again and returned with twelve Indians, whom he brought in 
alive, and the scalps of two others. 

On arriving at Swansey with his company of horse from the pursuit 
of Philip, as before stated, Capt. Prentice, to be better accommodated, 
marched the same evening — July 1st — to "Seaconke or Rehoboth, a 
town within six miles of Swansey." The following morning — July 
2d — he returned to Swansey. In the return march, Prentice divided 
his men into two companies, Lieut. Edward Oakes leading one and 
himself the other. The company under the Captain met with nothing 
during its march. The Lieutenant was more successful. He came 
upon a party of Indians burning a house ; and though he charged upon 
them with all speed, most of them escaped into swamps near at hand, 
and the English could not pursue them with advantage by reason of 
fences in the way. Yet they killed four or five of them in the chase 
as they passed over a plain. Among the slain was a Mount Hope 
Sachem, named Peebe,J well known to the English as a Counsellor of 
Philip for many years previous. A pond in Narraganset perpetuates 
his name. Among the slain was also another Sachem of note, but his 
name is not mentioned. § This small victory was saddened by the loss, 
on the part of the victors, of a stout and good soldier, named John 
Drnce. He was mortally wounded in the bowels, but lived to reach 

* Chronicle, p. 11. The killing - fifteen or sixteen of the enemy in this march is certainly untrue, and 
yet it is no doubt the report circulated at Boston at the time, and believed by the writer to be correct. 

t Perhaps stated on Cornelius's own authority. Few probably believed it then, and nobody will 
believe it now j for it is quite certain Philip and all his company had passed to Pocassct some twenty 
hours before the army arrived on the opposite coast. John Easton says three days, but he was mis- 
taken. See his Narrative, p. 19. 

X In Hubbard's Narrative his name, is given as Thebe. But on some MS. in the archives at the 
State House, I find it as above in the text. 

§ The writer in the Chronicle, p. 13, doubtless refers to this affair, which he blended with one which 
occurred several days later. " In this fight — he says — were killed King Philip's brother, his privy 
councillor, (being one formerly educated at Cambridge,) and one of his chief captains j the heads of 
which three were brought to Boston.'' 

266 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [July, 

his home in Newton — now Cambridge — where he died the next 

Among the first of the Massachusetts soldiers who arrived at Swan- 
sey, there was one William Sherman, Jr., of Watertown. This man, 
on seeing the successes of the Indians, " and hearing many profane 
oaths among some of our soldiers, namely those privateers, and consid- 
ering the nnseasonableness of the weather was such that nothing could 
be done against the enemy, was possessed with a strong conceit that 
God was against the English ; whereupon he immediately ran dis- 
tracted, and so was returned home a lamentable spectacle."! 

For about three days the army lay inactive at Swansey, namely, 
from the second to the fourth of July inclusive. Not so the Indians, 
who, "about this time, killed several English at Taunton, and burnt 
divers houses there. Likewise Middlebury and Dartmouth, in Plym- 
outh Colony, did they burn with fire, and barbarously murdered both 
men and women in those places, stripping the slain, whether men or 
women, and leaving them in the open field, as naked as in the day 
wherein they were born. Such is also their inhumanity, as that they 
flay of the skin from their faces and heads of those they get into their 
hands and go away with the hairy scalp of their enemies. "J 

The sequel to the above extract, so far as relates to Dartmouth, is as 
follows: — A company of Philip's warriors, among whom were Ponoho, 
Watanom, John Bryant, Nenpos, Potak, and Tosanem,§ surprised the 
place, killing Ensign Jacob Mitchell and his wife Susannah — daughter 
of Thomas Pope of Plymouth — William Palmer, and John Pope. 
Mitchell and his wife were mortally wounded as they were fleeing to a 
garrison, whither they had sent their children not long before. Doro- 
thy Hayward, a young woman 28 years of age, was taken and led 
away captive, j| Although wounded, her life was spared, because she 
had, on a former occasion, protected an Indian child, under some cir- 
cumstances the nature of which are not mentioned. This fact being 
known to the savages, they first dressed her wound, then sent her back ; 
some of them guarding her till they came within sight of the English. IF 
The place where this mischief was done was within the present limits 
of Fairhaven. 

About the same time the attack was made on Dartmouth, Middle- 
borough was devastated; its houses, about sixteen in number, burned. 
The people took refuge in a gristmill which stood on the Nemasket 
river, near the Four Corners, not far from the present lower factory 
there, until they were escorted to Plymouth. They did not return un- 
til after the war. Two persons only are mentioned as having been 
killed. One. named J. Marks, was shot as he was at work in a field 

* Compare Hubbard, and Book of the Indians. 

t Dr. I. Mather, Brief Hist., p. 4. Mr. Mather does not give the name of the distracted (insane) 
man. From a document among the Mass. Archives, it appears that, as late as the following October, 
Sherman remained bereft of his reason ; for the General Court ordered that his wife " Desire Sherman 
be allowed £20 towards the relief of them and their family." Dr. Bond mentions a John Sherman 
who was killed in the Narraganset Swamp Fight. ■ 

t I Mather, Brief Hist., p. 4. 

§ There was in that company an Indian named John Num. He was afterwards taken, and exe- 
cuted at Plymouth. Plym. Col. Recs. MS. v. 141-2. I presume the three names last mentioned in 
the text stand for the well-known warriors Numpash, Potok and Toloson. 

|| See Hist. Bridgewater, 242. H Hubbard, Nar. (Table) p. 1. 

1861.] Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. 267 

of corn. The ball broke his thigh, and he was unable to move from 
the field; and not being found for some two days after, his wound pu- 
trefied and thus proved mortal. Another man, named Dawson, was 
shot from his horse near the house of John Thomson, as he stopped to 
let the horse drink at a brook. The miller was early attacked as he 
was proceeding to "shutdown his mill," first by seven Indians and 
then by eleven; and although he had several bullets shot through his 
coat, yet he escaped without other injury.* Another hairbreadth es- 
cape was made by Joseph Drake, who, being pursued by an Indian, 
was fired upon as he was passing a river on a small tree which had 
been felled for a boom. The smallness of this stick made a hurried 
passage upon it very difficult. But Drake having succeeded in reach- 
ing the opposite bank of the stream, seized a small bush to support 
himself, and at the same instant his pursuer fired upon him. The ball 
from the Indian's gun cut off the bush not above two inches below his 
hand. In a minute more he was safe from pursuit by burying himself 
among the trees which spread themselves in all directions for his pro- 

Attacks from the Indians were widely extended while the Massachu- 
setts and Plymouth forces were in pursuit of Philip, and bringing the 
Narragansets to a worthless treaty. An attempt was made upon a 
house in Dorchester, on a Sunday, "within half a mile of Mother 
George's house. "{ All the people were gone to meeting except a maid 
servant and two young children. The entry door was firmly closed 
and bolted. An Indian stole up to the house in "sermon time," expect- 
ing an easy conquest, but, finding no admission, discharged his gun 
once or twice into the house, but did not hit the girl. In the mean 
time she had placed the two children each under a brass kettle. One 
of the shots fired by the Indian struck one of the kettles, but did no 
other harm. Finding him still persisting in his efforts to enter the 
house, the girl ran up into the chamber, loaded a gun which was there, 
discharged it upon the Indian, wounding him in the shoulder. Where- 
upon he dropped his gun and endeavored to force himself into a win- 
dow. Perceiving this, the young woman ran down to confront him, 
which she effectually did by applying a shovel of burning coals to his 
face and eyes. This proved too much for him, and he was glad to 
make a precipitate retreat, and thus left the heroic girl to enjoy a well- 
earned victory. The house thus attacked was that of one John Minot. 
A few miles from thence, not long afterwards, an Indian was found 
dead, whose face betrayed the hard fare he had met with.§ 

To return to the army, which remained at Swansey one or two days 
after its march on the 30th of June, before recounted. General Cud- 
worth immediately returned from Rhode Island, and having resumed 

* The facts in this paragraph are from Hubbard, Backus, Genealogy of John Thomson, and rela- 
tions of aged people to the writer thirty-six years ago. 

f Reminiscences of a descendant. 

\ Elizabeth, widow of Nicholas George. She died Nov. 8th, 1699. aged 98 years. Her husband 
had died many years before, and she was allowed to continue the Ordinary, sometimes under the su- 
pervision of different inspectors, who were to see that he kept it " according to order." See Clapp's 
Hist. Dorchester. 

§ Old Indian Chronicle, 14. Mr. Baylies, in his Memoir of Plymouth, pt. iii. p. 36, gives it as his 
opinion that this narrative is a fabrication ; but his grounds for that opinion are to me of no weight. 
All I need say here is, that the story is entirely too circumstantial to be thus discredited. 

268 Notes on the Indian Wars in New England. [July, 

the command, marched again into Mount Hope Neck. On that penin- 
sula it was decided to build a fort and to leave in it a garrison, which 
was accordingly done, and a garrison left in it of some forty men. 
This proceeding was opposed by Captain Church as utterly futile, for 
it was well known that Philip had abandoned it several days before. 
And yet he said there were those in the army who fancied they had 
achieved a "mighty conquest," while in truth it was no conquest at all,_ 
because Philip had fled out of it: that a fort was built, which was 
rather from their fears than their courage, and that the army lay to 
cover the people from nobody while a fort was built for nothing. At 
the same time he urged the pursuit of Philip on Pocasset side, where it 
seemed very certain he had gone. Whether it was owing to Capt. 
Church's manner, or whether because he was a Rhode Island man, 
that his counsel was rejected or tardily agreed to, is a matter scarcely 
necessary to be inquired into; at all events, he seems to have well 
understood the motives and designs of the Indians. It is well known 
that such feuds existed between the colonies of Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island, that even a war threatening the very existence of both 
could not efface. And although succor had been afforded to the suffer- 
ing soldiers now in the field by the people of the Island, yet the histo- 
rians of the war do not give intimation of it sufficient to authorize the 
averment of the fact without other evidence. And it may be something 
more than a surmise that General Cudworth fell into discredit with the 
authorities of Massachusetts, at least, because he applied to the Rhode 
Island people for provisions, in the march against Philip, as already 
detailed. Here is a strong point for Rhode Island historians, who do 
not seem as yet to have profited by it. 

There had been an attempt, by the real friends of the Indians, to in- 
duce the government of Massachusetts to take into its service such of 
them as were known to be true to the English. At the breaking out 
of this war there were several hundreds of those denominated Praying 
Indians. Over these, Gen. Daniel Gookin had the supervision, and he 
strongly urged their employment upon the Government. But the preju- 
dices of the common people were so strong against all Indians, that the 
philanthropic Gookin found much difficulty in getting any of the pray- 
ing warriors mustered in, although they readily offered their services. 
He however succeeded in getting the consent of the Governor, and, by 
the sixth of July, fifty-two of them marched from Boston for Mount 
Hope, under the intrepid Capt. Isaac Johnson of Roxbury. These 
men he delivered at their place of destination to Major Savage. The 
Major and his officers afterwards certified in writing, that the most of 
them " acquitted themselves courageously and faithfully" in the service. 
But prejudice was so strong against them that the historians of the 
time scarcely mention any of their services, which can be accounted 
for only upon one of two grounds — either from fear of incurring the 
displeasure of the prejudiced, or from being themselves prejudiced to 
that degree which disqualified them from being faithful historians. A 
choice among such dilemmas is not worth the trouble of election. 

1861.] Extracts from Old Records. 269 


[Continued from page 176.] 


Benjamin Barnard was of York Co. Maine, 1689, and in 1676 1679 
and 1685. 

In 1740, Samuel Barnard of Salem, Mass., and Rachel, his wife ; and 
Benjamin Morehead and Sarah, his wife, of Salem, Mass., sell land in 
Falmouth, Me. 

In 1670, Mathew Barnard of Boston, Mass., had a wife who was 
daughter of Nicholas Davis, of Maine. 

On 12th January, 1685-6, James Barnard of Kittery, Me., sells to 
brother Benjamin Barnard of Dover, N. H., land bounded by that of 
Richard Tozer on the south. 

On 20th Oct. 1676, John CrafTord of Portsmouth, N. H., and Elizabeth, 
his wife, give to Joseph Barnard of Watertown, Cu. of Middlesex, Mass., 
land in Kittery, Me. 

In Oct. 1670, Jos. Barnard had land in Kittery. 

In 1676, John Barnard and wife of Salem, Mass. 

On 11th April, 1665, Thomas Barnard, sen., was grand juror at Salis- 
bury, Mass. 

In 1676, Nathaniel Barnard of Salisbury. 

In 1669, Thomas Barnard was clerk of Market, Amesbury, Mass. 

In 1677, John and Thomas of Amesbury, Mass., took oath of fidelity. 

In 1679, Elenor Barnard of Amesbury, Mass., was administratrix of 
estate of Thomas Barnard. He had Thomas, eldest son, and eiodit other 

On 12th April, 1664, Joseph and Mary Peasly had daughter Sarah, who 
married Thomas Barnard, Jr. Mrs. Mary was then a widow. Taken 
from Salisbury, Mass., Court Records. 


In 1647, Robert was juror at York Co., Me. 

In 1676, he willed all his property to son Richard Knight, living in 
Boston, Mass. 

In 1671, calls himself aged 86 years. 

In 1653, he lived at Agamenticus, York Co., Me. 

On 13th January, 1648; a York Co. deed speaks of Robert Knight as a 
merchant of Bristol. Was it Bristol, in England ? [Undoubtedly.] 

In 1656, he was one of the selectmen of York Co., Me. 

He was a landholder in Kittery, Me., in 1671. 

On 7th Oct. 1718, Robert Knight and Susanna, his wife, give to sons 
Grindell, Robert, and daughter Abigail. 

In 1674, Ezekiel Knight, senior and junior, were living in York Co., Me. 

April 4th, 1672, John Lovering, by consent of mother Esther Lovering 
and father-in-law Ezekiel Knight, is bound apprentice to Abra Tilton. 

April 12th, 1653, Ezekiel Knight was of Wells, Me. 

August 20, 1645, Ezekiel Knight of Wells, Me., sells to John Sanders 
his present dwelling-house, with all other outbuildings and lands lying in 
Wells, Me., and his wife Ann made her mark and Rev. John Wheelwright 
was a witness. 

In 1654, Ezekiel Knight was on jury for York Co., Me.; and in 1663, 
he was one of the Associates. 

In 1689, Samuel Knight was of York Co. and aged 40. 

270 Extracts from Old Records. [July> 

On July 27th, 1676, Samuel Knight had land from his father-in-law 
Richard Carle or Karle, which he deeds to Samuel Spinney in 1686. 

Samuel Spinney married Elizabeth Knight, 26th Sept. 1687. 

In 1665, George Knight was of York Co., Me.; and in 1672, George 
Knight of Scarborough, Me., wills to wife Mary, son Nathan and daughter 

In 1672, Henry Brookering married widow of George Knight. 

In 1665, Francis Knight of Pemaquid, Me. 

In 1640, Daniel Knight of Agamenticus, Me. 

In 1708, Thomas Knight had land of brother Joseph Hill of Kittery, 
Me. He was on jury of York Co. in 1709. 


Nathaniel, in York Co., Me., 1665. 

Bridget, in York Co., Me., 1665. 

John, do., in 1663. 

William, do., in 1661, was defendant in Court, and in 1663 was one of 
the Associates. 

William of Saco, Me., in 1660. 

Walter lived on Damariscotta River in 1661. 

In 1781, Bridget Phillips, widow, of Boston, Mass., was deceased, and 
had left for heirs Peleg Sanford, Samuel Phillips, William Phillips, and 
Eliphel Stratton. 

In 1722, Hezekiah was of Scarborough, Me. 

In 1730, William Phillips (who had wife Ann) and Sarah Phillips of 
Boston, were grandchildren of William Phillips of Saco, Me. 

In 1682, John was of Charlestown, Mass., and he buys land in 1686 in 
Falmouth, Me. 

In 1720, land in Scarborough, Me., was granted to Hezekiah Phillips. 

In 1728, Henry Phillips was of Charlestown, Mass. 

In 1689, Bridget Phillips was relict of William, who was father of 
Nathaniel, Samuel, and William, of Boston, Mass. 

In 1726, John and Henry of Charlestown, Mass., were sons of Col. John 
Phillips, late of Charlestown, Mass. 

In 1720, William Phillips and wife Anne and sister Sarah were all of 
Boston, Mass. 

In 1738, William and Anne of Boston, deed land on west side of Ken- 
nebeck River, eight miles square, which was sold by Fer[di]nando Gorges 
to his grandfather, Major William Phillips, and wife Bridget, of Saco, Me., 
and by them to his father William. 

In 1742, John and his wife Anna, and the widow Joanna, of Boston, 

In 1760, Andrew of Kittery, Me., laborer, and wife Miriam. 

Married, in Boston, 31st Dec. 1730, Caleb Phillips and Elizabeth Went- 
worth. Who was he ? 


Elizabeth Pearson, aged seventy-four years or thereabouts, testifieth 
and says that she, this deponent, doth very well remember that sixty years 
ago or upwards, my father, the Rev. John Wheelwright, minister, then 
lived in the town of Wells and Co. of York, on a farm at the easterly end 
of the town above the harbor or bar, from whence comes up a creek near 
where his house then stood, and that he then possessed the said farm or 
tract of land as his own proper right, as she understood, and that she, this 
deponent, then lived with her said father on said farm near two years ; 

1861.] Extracts from Old Records. 271 

and further this deponent saiih that the above said farm, or tract of land, 
is the same where she saw Mr. John Wheelwright, grandson to my father, 

the Rev. John Wheelwright, above said, deceased ; about years ago 

in actual possession of which, a small dwelling-house and sawmill there- 
on- Elizabeth Pearson. 
Boston, 13th Nov. 1707. 

Katherine Nanny alias Naylor of Boston, wife of Robert, deceased, 
was daughter of John Wheelwright, 6th July, 1694. 

June 17th, 1695, Samuel Wheelwright of Wells, Me., and wife Esther, 
gave to son John lands had of Mrs. Nanny. 

John Wheelwright was juryman 1693. 

Samuel was one of justices 1693. 

Rev. John of Salisbury gives son Samuel half his land in Wells, Me., 
which he had of Thos. Gorges, 17th April, 1643. 

Thomas Wheelwright was of Wells, Me., 12th June, 1650. 

Samuel Wheelwright had wife Hester, 1699. 

Samuel Wheelwright had son John. 

John Wheelwright had a suit in court, in Salisbury, Mass., in 1649. 

His will, made and proven in 1679, gave property as follows: — 

1. Grandchild Edward Lyde land in England, son of Mary Atkinson. 

2. Grand daughter Mary Maverick land in England. 

3. Son-in-law Edward Rishworth, and grandchild Mary White, his 

4. Son Samuel of Wells, Me. 

5. Grandchildren William, Thomas, and Jacob Bradbury. 

There was a John [Anthony] Checkley, who died 18th October, 1708, 
aged 72, who married Hannah, daughter of Rev. John Wheelwright. 

Robert Nanny of Boston, 22d August, 1663, wills property to his wife 
Katherine, and father-in-law Rev. John Weeelwright, Pastor at Salisbury, 
Mass., and brother-in-law Samuel Wheelwright, of Wells, Me. 

There was a John at Wells, Me. in 1712, and William at Kittery in 

Rev. John had daughter Rebecca, who married Samuel, son of 

Maverick of Boston. 

Hon. John of Wells, Me., died 13th August, 1745, aged 81. 


Stephen Eastwick of Kittery, Me., 20th August, 1712, had land deeded 
him by John Woodman. His wife was Elizabeth, 7th April, 1713. 
There was a Stephen, who married Sarah Shapleigh, 2d Dec. 1714. A 
license was granted to him, in 1720, to keep a public house where Paul 
Wentworth now does, in Kittery, Me., and which said Eastwick owns if 
said Wentworth removes therefrom. 

Phesant Eastwick has suit in N. H. Court in 1680. 


Major Elias Styleman, late of New Castle, N. H., was dead 3d of Nov. 
1701, as his widow Lucia, previously the wife of Humphrey Chadbourne, 
had an old grant of land to Chadbourne laid out to her. 


Tobias Lear, 1677, wills property to wife Elizabeth, and calls Henry 
Sherburne his father-in-law. Son Tobias Lear and daughters Elizabeth 
and Lean 

In 1755, there was a warrant to appraise the estate of Tobias Lear, 

272 Extracts from Old Records. [Jul7> 

mariner, of New Castle. The account of his widow Elizabeth allowed 
July, 1755. 


Died in Kittery, Me., 22d Jan. 1805, Mrs. Hannah, widow of late Geo. 
Hammond, aged 95 years, leaving six children, thirteen grandchildren, 
and twenty great grandchildren. 


Hon. George Frost married in London, and in 1749 had returned 
home, leaving his wife there. Sir William Pepperrell, in one of his letters 
to England, 29th Oct. 1750, wished to be remembered to her, and said 
he designed to bring her to New England the next spring. 


Roger Plaisted, June 6th, 1659, had a grant of land at Salmon Falls, 
N. H. 

John of Kittery, 1701. 

Capt. Ichabod of Kittery, 1674. 

James of Kittery, Me., 1694. 

James and William of Berwick, Me., 7th Sept. 1683. 

Ichabod had the largest taxable property, and Roger the next largest, 
in Kittery in 1712. 


Mary Wentworth married in Boston, 11th Sept. 1733, Humphrey Scar- 
lett. He was an innholder at Boston, and made his will 8th Aug. 1738. 
See Suffolk Records, vol. xxxiv., p. 273. Friend Henry Pigeon was ex- 
ecutor. Will proved 8th Jan. 1739. He willed to wife Mary all the house- 
hold goods, furniture and plate whatsoever, which my said present wife 
brought to me at our intermarriage ; to sister-in-law Ann States <£20 ; to 
daughter Mary Scarlett moveables. 

Mary Scarlett married, 1st May, 1740, William Ireland. This William 
Ireland had married, 26th July, 1722, Elizabeth Allen. 

William Ireland of Boston, and wife Mary, widow of Humphrey Scar- 
let, quitclaims her share of her late husband's estate, 11th May, 1742, as 
also does Jedediah Lincoln and wife Mary, formerly Scarlet, to father 
Scarlet's estate. 

Will of William Ireland, made 5th July, 1751, and proved 23d May, 
1755, of Boston, trader, gives brother Thomas Chamberlain and heirs — 
to sister Admons and Chamberlain, land in Dorchester lying on the right 
hand as you go to the paper mills, containing 19J acres; to wife Mary 
all my real and personal estate. His wife sole executrix. 

Will of widow Mary Ireland of Boston, made 18th Oct. 1761, and 
proven 7th Oct. 1763, gives the Old South Church, whereof the Rev. Dr. 
Joseph Sewell and Alexander Cummins are pastors, the sum of £133 65. 
8d. lawful money, and orders that the same be put out at interest, taking 
Province securities, or instead thereof good land security for the same ; 
the interest whereof to be annually paid to such of the poor of said church 
as the ministers and deacons thereof shall, in their prudence, judge proper 
forever, an account of such disposition to be laid before the church yearly. 
1 also give my great silver tankard, marked W. E., for the use of the 
communion table forever. I give unto Mrs. Mary Gardner, wife of Na- 
thaniel Gardner of Boston, gentleman, £66 13s. 4d. ; to Mrs. Mercy 
Copeland, wife of Mr. Ephraim Copeland of Boston, tailor, £66 13s. \d. ; 
widow Elizabeth Russell of Boston, £ 6 13s. 4d. ; Elizabeth Bartlett, my 

1861.] Extracts from Old Records. 273 

servant maid, providing that she continue with me as a maid until my 
decease, or can show under my hand that I was consenting to her leaving 
my said service, €2 13s. id.; widow Lucy Wincol of Boston, ,£13 6s. 
8d.; widow Hannah Green of Boston, £\3 6s. Sd. ; widow Mary Clark 
of Boston, £6 13s. 4d.; widow Anne Saunders of Boston, £6 \3s. Ad. 
Sister Anne Staats of Bqston, widow, wearing apparel, and furniture to 
furnish one room handsomely ; also my pew No. 43 in the Old South 
meeting-house, after her decease to be disposed of for the most it will 
fetch. The interest on all moneys arising from the sale of her estate 
was to be paid annually to sister Ann Staats; and, after her decease, it 
was to go to the poor of the town of Boston. 

The overseers of her will were to determine who were the proper 
objects of this charity, taking ihe following description of them for their 
guide to such determination, viz. : Persons who, by the Providence of 
God, have been reduced from a state of affluence, or easy and comfort- 
able circumstances, to the reverse of all this, and who, at the same lime, 
maintain a character not unbecoming the gospel of Jesus Christ, or the 
children of such deceased parents as bore this character, and who may 
require a little assistance in their education, or some support during that 
time. Such charity to be over and above what the town mav afford. 

She also gives to her executors, Nathaniel Glover and Thomas Gray, 
both of Boston, merchants, c£lO each. 

Of what family of Wentworths were this Mary Scarlet alias Ireland, 
and her sister Ann Staats? 


Mary Wentworth married James Wright of Boston, 24th Sept. 1712. 
His wife administered on his estate 6th August, 1728, and he died 24th 
Julv previous, a^ed 51 years. Their children were, William, b. 22d July, 
1716; Mary, b. 5th Nov. 1719. 

Of what family of Wentworths was this Mary Wright? 


Mr. Editor, — In the history of Newbury are several errors not chargeable to the 
printer. Tims, on page 307 are some mistakes in the families of John Kent, Sen., and 
John Kent, Jr., which may be thus corrected. J. C. 

Children of John Kent, Sen., and Mary (Hobbs). 
1. John, b. 8 April, 1(565, d. 24 June, 1665 ; 2. Sarah, b. 1 Aug. 1666, 
m. Jacob Tappan, June, 1696 ; 3. Mary, b. 10 Sept. 1668, d. 17 March, 

1702-3: 4. Richard, b. 25 June, 1670; 5. Jane, b. , m. James Smith 

about 1695; 6. John, b. 16 July, 1675, m. Sarah Little 14 Jan. 1701-2, 

d. 23 March, 1702-3; 7. James, b. 3 Sept. 1679, m. Elizabeth ; 

8. William, b. 31 July, 1682, d. 26 March, 1703. 

Children of John Kent, Jr., and Sarah {Woodman). 
1. Sarah, b. 30 Aug. 1667, m. Samuel Greenleaf, 1 March, 1686, and 
Peter Tappan, Jr., 25 April, 1696; 2. John, b. 23 Nov. 1668; 3. Richard, 
b. 17 Jan. 1672-3; 4. Mary, b. 24 Oct. 1674, m. Stephen Swett about 
1695 ; 5. Emma, b. 20 April, 1677, m. Samuel Haseltine, 1. Jan. 1701 ; 
6. Hannah, b. 10 Sept. 1679, m. Nathan Merrill, 6 Sept. 1699; 7. Judith, 

b. , m. Thomas Morrill, 16 March, 1703-4 ; 8. Rebecca, b. 20 Feb. 

1684-5, m. Charles Hart, June, 1704 ; 9. James, b. 5 March, 1686-7, 
m. Hannah Hodgkins, 23 March, 1707. 


27 1 Book Notices. [July. 


Report of the Stair Librarian, to the General Assembly, relating to lite 
Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths, for the year aiding 
December 31, I860. May Session, 1861. .Printed by order of the 
L< eislature. New Haven : 1861. P. 36. 

The author of this "Report is Charles J. Hoadly, Esq y whose name alone is a suffi- 
cient guaranty that it is well done. Bach statistics as are embraced in this document 
cannot be too highly estimated, as their study is important not only to the statesman, 
hut to persons in all department? in society. Of its thirty-six pages, twenty are occu- 
pied with statistical tables requiring great care in their compilation. 

Illustrated Archaeological and Genealogical Collections, comprising Ped- 
igrees, FaC'Similes of Antique Chirography, Autographs, Seals, Coats 
of Arms, Crests, fyc. Illustrating the History, Genealogy and Archae- 
ology of New England. Edited by Dean Dudley. Boston: 1861. 

Royal 4°. 

This is a specimen number of an elaborate work, and consists of seven plates or 
sheets. Two of these plates arc occupied with tabular pedigrees of Pilgrim families — 
among whom are the names of Brewster, Collier, Crosby, Prince, Freeman, Sparrow, 
Bradford, Winslow. Another of these plates is devoted to the genealogy of Perkins, 
Sturgis, Forbes, Abbott, Carey, &e. The times are inauspicious for such undertakings 
at present, but we hope the author will, at no distant day, find suitable encouragement 
to allow him to proceed with other numbers. 

Mr. Dudley lias issued a separate work on a large sheet, containing the pedigree of 
the Dudlies of England. It is a masterly condensation of that great race ; and we 
venture the opinion that none of the English Dudlies can produce anything to be com- 
pared with it, as respects the families in that country. 

Our Ohligations to Defend the Government of our Country. A Discourse 
on the War. Bv Rev. Elias Nason. Delivered at Exeter, N. H., 
April 21, 1861. 8°. P. 6. 

Apparently this is a small pamphlet; but if printed in the style it deserves, it would 
make a work of above 24 pages. It is known to all historical students that sermons, 
delivered upon the events of 1775, are eagerly sought after at this day ; but we venture 
to predict that those of this day will not be less prized by those who may be historians 
and antiquaries in future years. Our fathers fought for national existence against op- 
pression. We fight to maintain that existence against those who have sworn to destroy 
it — sworn to destroy it because of its free institutions ; because we are progressing in 
arts, refinement and happiness, while they are sinking under the most barbarous demor- 
alisation. Those have excited the envy and jealousy of that degraded people, until 
madness has dethroned reason. And thus we are driven into the shedding of blood. 

Xrtr England Congregationalism in its Origin and Purify ; illustrated 
by the Foundation and Early Records of the First Church in Salem, 
and various Discussions pertaining to the subject. By Daniel AprLE- 
ton White. Salem: 1861. 8°. P. 319. 

This was the last of the literary labors of the Hon. Judge White, and in the present 
number of the Register will be found a notice iA' his death, at the advanced age of 84 
\» tan. The work before us must have occupied the author for a long period, as it is 
one of great interest, and confined in a great measure to facts. We can only hint at 

the difficulty which any one must encounter, in undertaking to make modern Comgrtga- 

Honalistn out of what was formerly known as such, and give our readers an extract from 

Judge White's preface. Hesayi — " He has regarded the subject, Congregationalism, 
BUCh as it was when planted here, in its form of government and its essential principles, 


Book Notices. 275 

recognizing the largest liberty compatible with necessary restraints of moral and relig- 
ions obligation, contained within itself the elements of our greatness and our glory. 
II<' has therefore looked, with constantly increasing interest, into the ecclesiastical rec- 
ords of our New England settlements, anxious that controversies and opinions belong- 
ing to a later period should not he permitted to color statements of facts purporting to 
be drawn from these sources of historical authority; and especially that the records 
themselves should be guarded against the admission of foreign ingredients, and pre- 
served alike in their purity and their integrity." 

How faithfully the author has carried out the principles here laid down, we will not 
undertake to detenu inc. But from his known candor and strict truthfulness, no one, 
we presume — however much they may differ with him in conclusions — will impeach his 

It is a pity the work is not better printed. A part of the type used, we should think 
was quite as old as the author of the work. We have no fault to find with the paper. 

Memorial of John A. Poor, in behalf of the European and North Amer- 
ican Railway Company, and for a State Policy favorable to Immigra- 
tion, and the encouragement of Manufactures. 1861. Printed by order 
of the Senate. Augusta: 1861.8°. P. 52. 

This is an able political pamphlet, very valuable for its statistical information. The 
writer reiterates the old charge that Maine has not been fairly dealt with by the General 
Government. We hope the General Government hereafter will feel that there is a 
North as well as a South to be looked after. But it strikes us that Maine can take care 
of herself, and at the same time spare a few hands to assist the Government on all just 
occa.>ions, like the present. 

A Memoir of John Fanning Watson, the Annalist of Philadelphia and 
New York. Prepared by request of the Historical Society of Peiinsyl- 
vania, and. read in their Hall, Monday evening, Feb. 11, 1861. By 
Benjamin Dorr, D. I)., Rector of Christ Church, Philadelphia. Phila- 
delphia : 1861. 8°. P. 88. 

We have here a very handsomely printed volume. And its contents bear the impress 
of the most skilful preparation of a memoir of one, of whose worth it would be a re- 
proach not to appreciate. Nor would it be to the credit of a very partial historical stu- 
dent to inquire, " Who was John F. Watson ?" England has its " Lives of the Anti- 
quaries" of that Island. America has ample materials for such a work, and when a 
pen shall undertake it as gifted as several of those who have contributed in rendering 
justice to the subject of this work, we shall have an imperishable accession to our bio- 
graphical literature. 

Mr. Watson was born on the 13th of June, 1779, and died December 23, 1861, in his 
82d year. He was horn in Burlington County, N. Jersey, but resided, the most of his 
time, at Germ an town, near Philadelphia. His mother's maiden name was Fanning. 
His pedigree is pretty fully stated in his memoirs, to which we must refer those who 
desire other particulars. 

The Sons of Liberty in Neiv York. A Paper read before the New York 
Historical Society, May 3, 1859. By Henry B. Dawson. Printed, 
as Manuscript, for private circulation. 1859. 8°. P. 118. 

Anything proceeding from the pen of Mr. Dawson requires no recommendation of 
its being of the first class in historical value. This work, though issued in the unpre- 
tending form of a tract, must have cost its author the labor of a volume. The verifica- 
tion necessary to be gone over, as is evident from the numerous and extensive foot 
notes, no one would perform, but as a labor of love. 

To do the author justice within our limits is an impossibility ; but we cannot close 
without directing the reader's attention to what Mr. Dawson says upon the subject ot 
the origin of " Committees of Correspondence," at pages 60-64 ; to the tabular view or 
Imports, on page 87 ; and the affairs growing out of the erection of Liberty Poles, from 
page 112 to the end. 

276 Removal of the Remains of Columbus. [July, 

Suffolk Surnames. By N. I. Bowditch. 

11 A Name ! If the Party had a Voice, 
What Mortal would be a Uugg by Choice " TTOOD. 

Third Edition. London: Boston, U.S. : 1861. 8vo. pp.757. 

It would be difficult to point to any book from any press, more beautifully "got 
up" than this. Paper, type, ink, all unexceptionable. It is indeed a sumptuous 
book — of which some have remarked — that "it is a great waste of raw material." But 
"there is no accounting for tastes." Mr. Bowditch seems to have made this work to 
amuse himself, and if it was "an expensive amusement," it is no body's business, as 
he could well afford it. However, even dry lists of names are not without their use. 
And Mr. Bowditch has arranged his lists into classes, and then he has given an Index 
to them. The bringing together of odd and singular names is what anybody can do, 
and then almost, anybody can say something ludicrous about such juxtapositions. 
Sometimes they may be funny, and sometimes they may be awfully silly. No one 
can be expected to say much about a great many without saying some very fiat and 
indifferent things, and raking up fancied analogies which no one can see but himself. 

Our author's dedication is intolerable. One Abraham Shurd (Mr. Bowditch will have 
him Shurt) had something to do with conveyancing here, some two hundred years ago. 
His name, or rather his memory, is chosen because it reminded him of his own toilet ! 

From Mr. Bowditch's preface one might be led to imagine that he had exhausted the 
subject ; but we can assure the reader that that is by no means the case. He has hardly 
half exhausted the pages of the Register. His index contains about 20,720 names. 

The present number of our work records the death of our friend. We have long 
known him, and our intercourse was always agreeable and pleasant, and it is with 
gratification we open to the title-page of his volume, for there we behold a most excel- 
lent likeness of him, as we used to see him from day to day in years gone past. 


It is stated from Havana that the remains of Christopher Columbus, the discoverer 
of the New World, are again to be removed to a new and splendid cemetery, soon to 
be opened near that city. They are to be deposited in a silver urn, upon which will be 
inscribed, in letters of gold, the most remarkable events of his great enterprise. A 
bronze statue is to be erected over them, representing the great discoverer in the atti- 
tude of revealing the grand mission of his wonderful life. 

Columbus died Ascension day, the 20th of May, 1506, in about the 70th year of his 
age. His obsequies were celebrated with great pomp at Valladolid, and his body de- 
posited in the Convent of San Francisco. Thence, nine years after, in the year 1513, 
it was removed to the Carthusian monastery of Seville, where was likewise deposited 
the body of his son Diego. Twenty-three years after, in the year 1539, the bodies of 
both the admiral and his son were removed, with appropriate pomp and ceremonies, to 
the New World he had discovered, and interred in the principal chapel of San Domingo, 
Hispaniola. There they remained undisturbed for the period of 250 years. 

In the year 1805, however, at the close of the war between France and Spain, all the 
Spanish possessions in the island of Hispaniola were ceded to France, whereupon a 
request was preferred to the French governor to have the remains of Columbus removed 
to Cuba. The request was granted, and on the 20th of December, 1795, the vault in the 
Cathedral of San Domingo was opened. " Within," says the record of the event, " were 
found the fragments of a leaden coffin, a number of bones, and a quantity of mould, 
evidently the remains of a human body. These were carefully collected and put into a 
case of gilded lead, about half an ell in length and breadth, and a third in height, secured 
by an iron lock, the key of which was delivered to the archbishop. The case was enclosed 
in a coffin, covered with black velvet, and ornamented with lace and fringe of gold." 

After appropriate funeral ceremonies, the body was taken on board the ship San 
Lorenzo and taken to Havana, where it arrived on the 15th of January, 1796. It was 
received in the most solemn manner, with all the honor given to a sovereign. "On 
arriving at the mole, the remains were met by the governor of the island, accompanied 
by his generals and military staff. The coffin was then conveyed between files of 
soldiery which lined the streets to the obelisk, in the Place d'Armes, where it was re- 
ceived in a hearse prepared for the purpose. Here the remains were formally delivered 
to the governor and captain general of the island, the key given up to him, the coffin 
opened and examined, and the safe transportation of its contents authenticated." 

The ceremony concluded, the solemn rites of the dead were performed by the arch- 
bishop, and the remains of the great discoverer were again deposited in the wall, on the 
right side of the grand altar of the Cathedral of Havana, where they have ever since 
remained, the object of reverence to all visitors of the island. — Trans. Sap., Dec. 8, 1860. 


Quarterly Obituary. 



Austin, General Nathaniel, Charlestown, 
April 3, a. 89 yrs. 1 5 days. He was born 
in Charlestown, March 19 (hap. 22), 
1772. The following is his line of de- 
scent :— Richard, 1 I). 1G32, m. Abigail 
Bachelder; Eheuezer, 2 b. 1662, m. Re- 
becca Sprague; Ebenezer, 3 b. 1703-4, 
in. Mary Smith; Nathaniel, 4 b. 1741, 
m. Margaret Rand, who were the parents 
of Nathaniel, 5 the subject of this notice. 
When the battle of Banker Hill was 
foaght, and the British set fire to Charles- 
town, his mother carried him in her arms 
in safety to Maiden. Few men have 
been more honored by the confidence of 
their fellow-citizens; from early man- 
hood to an advanced age, he was in 
constant public station, civil and mili- 
tary. He passed through all the grad s 
of the militia service to the office of 
major -general ; was chairman of the 
board of selectmen under the town 
organization ; was for eighteen years 
sheriff of Middlesex County; served as 
representative in the General Court, as 
State senator, and as a member of the 
governor's council. In every position in 
which he was placed, entire confidence 
was reposed in his integrity, impartiality, 
ability and justice. Gen. Austin was a 
Federalist, and was elected to the General 
Court about the year 1812, in opposition 
to his brother, Hon. William Austin, 
defeating him by a solitary vote. The 
canvas was conducted with great energy, 
but with perfect good nature on the part 
of both gentlemen. To Gen. Austin is 
the community especially indebted for 
that great public convenience, the War- 
ren bridge, between Boston and Charles- 
town. After years of unceasing effort, 
he had the satisfaction of witnessing, in 
the year 1828, the completion of his 
long-sought project. Mr. Austin, though 
not a professional man, acted as the 
advocate of the petitioners, and Daniel 
Webster conducted the case for the 
Charles River Bridge Corporation, the 
remonstrants. Mr. Webster on one oc- 
casion, speaking of Mr. Austin, said, 
" 1 have thrown him up fifteen times, 
and every time he has landed on his 
feet." Gen. A. was genial and cour- 
teous, possessed of highly agreeable col- 
loquial powers, had a large fund of 
humor, and was a man of many virtues. 
He was unmarried. 

Ballou, Rev. Hosea, 2d, D. D., Somer- 
ville, May 27, a. 64 yrs. 7 nios. 9 days. 
He was son of Asahel Ballou, and was 
born in Guilford, Vt., Oct, 18, 1796. 
Early evincing a taste for study, he was 
instructed in Latin by Rev. Mr. Wood, 

and attended school at Halifax Centre, 
to which town his father had removed. 
His parents were Baptists ; but at the 
age of sixteen or eighteen, his attention 
was turned to Universalism. He was 
first settled as pastor at Stafford, Ct., 
where he remained four or five years, 
and in the meantime married Miss 
Clarissa Hatch, of Halifax, Vt. On the 
29th of July, 1821, he removed to Rox- 
bury, Mass., and was installed as pastor 
of the Universalist society there. He 
continued to minister to this society 
seventeen years, until June, 1838, when 
he was installed at Medford, where he 
remained about the same length of time 
as at Roxbury. He was the first Presi- 
dent of Tufts College, Somerville, Mass., 
and entered upon his duties in August, 
1855, where he continued until his death, 
watching over the interests of that young 
and flourishing institution, in whose be- 
half his labors were invaluable. During 
the period of his settlement in Rr xbury, 
he was engaged for about four years in 
preparing his Ancient History of Univer- 
salism, which was issued from the press 
in Jan. 1829. In July, 1830, in connec- 
tion with his relative, Rev. Hosea Ballou, 
Sen., he commenced the publication of 
the Universalist Expositor, which he edited 
many years under that title, and the 
title of the Universalist Quarterly. He was 
also associated with Rev. Hosea Ballou 
and Rev. Thomas Whittemore, in editing 
the Universalist Magazine, now the Trum- 
pet. In 1837, he published a collection 
of psalms and hymns for the use of the 
societies and families of the denomina- 
tion to which he belonged. 

Bassett, David, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
May 27, a. 88 yrs. 2 mos. ; a member of 
the Society of Friends, formerly of Wolf- 
borough, N. H. He was a native of 
Lynn, Mass. ; removed with his father's 
family to Wolf borough, in 1788. He 
possessed great energy and decision of 
character. His last few years were spent 
with his son in Minnesota. 

Blake, Lemuel, Boston, March 4, ae. 86. 
He was son of William and Rachel 
(Glover) Blake, of Boston, and was born 
in Dorchester, Aug. 9, 1775. He served 
an apprenticeship with Gould & Blake, 
who kept what was called the " Boston 
Book Store," corner of Spring Lane and 
Cornhill. In 1797, he established him- 
self in the book and publishing business, 
in Boston, with a brother of his, under 
the firm of William P. & Lemuel Blake. 
He subsequently formed a connection 
with David West, in the same business, 
firm of West & Blake, and more recently 


Quarterly Obituary. 


with Joseph L. Cunningham, of Blake 
& Cunningham, respectable auctioneers 
and commission merchants. Mr. Blake 
prepared a few works for publication ; 
one of them was Webster's published 
Speeches on the Cotistitution. He took 
a lively interest in military affairs, hav- 
ing been an officer in two of our most 
respectable independent companies. He 
was first admitted a member of the Inde- 
pendent Cadet company ; under com 
mand of Lieut. Col. Arnold Welles, Jr., 
was sergeant. He was subsequently 
chosen ensign of the New England 
Guards, and afterwards promoted to 
lieutenant. See Reg. xiii., p. .364. The 
members of the latter company made 
him a present of a valuable piece of 
silver plate, in token of their attachment 
and esteem for him. Mr. B. was treas- 
urer of the Washington Benevolent So- 
ciety. He attended the first meeting of 
gentlemen on the subject of procuring 
the statue of Washington, now in the 
State House. He was subsequently 
chosen secretary. He was a gentleman 
of intelligence, high honor, generous 
emotions, and social qualities. He sought 
the affection of his friends, and realized 
their devotion to him to the last hour of 
his life. He was unmarried. 
Bowditch, Nathaniel Ingersoli, Brook- 
line, April 16, a. 56. He was the oldest 
son of the eminent mathematician, Dr. 
Nathaniel Bowditch, and was born in 
Salem, Jan. 17, 1805; grad H. C. 1822, 
being the youngest of his class ; studied 
law, and was admitted to practice at the 
Suffolk bar in 1825. Soon afterwards, 
he relinquished the practice of law, and 
devoted himself to business, as a con- 
veyancer and examiner of titles to real 
estate. In the latter profession, he be- 
came famed. He was noted for the 
accuracy and thoroughness of his re- 
searches, so that his very name, when 
used in connection with such subjects, 
seemed the synonym of correctness. He 
stated, that in the practice of his profes- 
sion, he had written fifty-five folio vol- 
umes of land titles, containing nearly 
thirty thousand pages, with sundry plans 
and maps accompanying them. Some 
years since, a series of interesting articles 
from his pen were published in the Bos- 
ton Transcript, under the cognomen of 
" Gleaner." These articles gave us some 
of the results of his investigations rela- 
tive to titles in real estate, tracing them 
by deeds, wills, and other conveyances 
in and through different families and 
generations, fixing localities, and settling 
points of an historical eharacter In 
1851, Mr. Bowditch published, for pri- 
vate distribution, at the cost of 5 lino, 
a history of the Mass. General Hospital, 
a large octavo ; and Bubsequi ntly, three 

editions of a work entitled " Suffolk Sur- 
names." {Seep. 276.) He m., April 23, 
1835, Elizabeth B., the eldest dau. of the 
late Ebenezer PYaneis. For eighteen 
months, Mr. Bowditch has been wasting 
away under a terrible disease, a decay of 
the bones, enduring, in the latter portion 
of the time, intense suffering, which he 
bore with christian heroism. 
Buckingham, Hon. Joseph Tinker, Cam- 
bridge, April 11, a. 81 yrs. 3 mos.; a de- 
scendant, probablv, of John Tinker, who 
d. at Hartford, Ct., in Oct. 1662. (Seep. 
288.) He was b. in Windham, Ct., Dec. 
21, 1779; was the son of Nehemiah Tin- 
ker (b. at Mansfield, Ct., in 1740), who 
Avas by trade a shoemaker, and held the 
offices of deputy-sheriff, gaoler of the 
county, and captain of the militia in the 
Revolutionary war. His mother's name 
was Mary Huntington, dau. of Solomon 
Huntington, of Windham, and descended 
from the first minister of Saybrook. His 
lather exhausted his property in pur- 
chasing supplies for the army during the 
war, and died March 17, 1783, leaving a 
family destitute of support. They were 
obliged to appeal to the town authorities 
for assistance. In the following spring, 
the family removed to Worthington, Ms. 
Here Joseph was apprenticed to a farmer, 
where he remained several years. While 
a resident there, he obtained a knowledge 
of the rudiments of an English education. 
At the age of sixteen, he entered the 
printing office of David Carlisle, of Wal- 
polc, N. H. ; a few months afterwards, 
he pursued his vocation in the office of 
Thomas Dickman, publisher of the 
" Greenfield Gazette," at Greenfield, Ms. 
In Feb. 1800, he arrived in Boston, and 
found employment in the office of Messrs. 
Manning & Loring, and of Thomas & 
Andrews. By an act of the legislature, 
in June, 1804, he was authorized to take 
the name of Buckingham, which was one 
of his baptismal names, the legal change 
being a transposition, only, of his mid- 
dle name. His first publication was a 
monthly periodical, called "The Poly- 
anthos," the first number of which bears 
date Dec. 1805. There were eleven 
volunjes issued — seven in 18mo. form, 
and four in 8vo. In 1809, he published, 
for six months, a weekly, called the 
"Ordeal." In Oct. 1817,' in company 
with Samuel L. Knapp, he commenced 
the publication of the "New England 
Galaxy, and Masonic Magazine." In 
1820, the latter part of the title was 
dropped, but the paper was continued 
until 1828, when he disposed of his in- 
terest in it. On the second day of March, 
1 ^24, he published the first number of the 
" Boston Courier," which he continued 
to edit till June 22, 1848. In July, 1831, 
in connection with his son Edwin, "he com- 


Quarterly Obituary. 


meneed the publication of the "New Eng- 
land Magazine." Four volumes were 
edited by the father and son, and three by 
the father, alone. The work passed into 
other hands at the close of the year 1834. 
His son, Edwin, who was born in Boston, 
June 20, 1810, died on board the brig 
Mermaid, on her voyage to Smyrna, May 
18, 1833. Mr. Buckingham 'published 
"Specimens of Newspaper Literature, 
with Personal Memoirs, Anecdotes," &c. 
2 vols. ; and " Personal Memoirs and 
Recollections of Editorial Life," 2 vols. 
Both works came from the press in 1852. 
Mr. B. was several times elected to the 
legislature; was a member of the senate 
in 1847, 1848, 1850, and 1851 ; was 
President of the Massachusetts Chari- 
table Mechanic Association for the con- 
stitutional term of three years, of which 
society he became a member in 1810. 
lie was for ten years President of the 
Bunker Hill Monument Association, and 
for two years President of the Middlesex 
Agricultural Society. He contributed 
many of his reminiscences to the papers 
of the day, which, if collected together, 
would make interesting volumes. For a 
fuller account of Mr. Buckingham, see his 
"Personal Memoirs," §'c. 
Clark, Hon. Samuel, West Brattleboro', 
Vt , April 9th, a. 84; son of Samuel 
and Sarah Cushman Clark ; was born 
in "Lebanon Crank" (now Columbia, 
Ct.), on the 28th of Feb. 1777, and was 
the ninth of eleven children. He re- 
ceived an education above the average 
for that day, after which he taught school 
and served as clerk in a store, in Ber- 
nardston, Greenfield and Leyden, Mass., 
about three years. He took charge 
of a store in Dover, Vt., for Thomas 
Wells, of Leyden, for two years ; then 
engaged in business for himself in the 
same town, four years. In 1800, he m. 
Susan, dau. of Capt. Daniel Johnson, of 
Dover; in 1804, he removed to Guil- 
ford, where he was engaged in trade, for 
nine years. In 1813, he removed back 
to Dover, and in 1814, represented that 
town in the General Assembly of the 
State. In 1815, he removed to West 
Brattleboro', carried on the mercantile 
business for fifteen years, and there re 
sided until his decease. In 1820 and 
1821, he represented this town in the 
General Assembly, and was chiefly in- 
strumental in obtaining the charter of 
the Bank of Brattleboro'. He was again 
the representative in 1825 and 1826. For 
three consecutive years, commencing in 
1827, he was a member of the Council — 
a body since superseded by the Senate. 
In 183G, he was a delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention. In 1823, he was 
first assistant judge of the county court. 
He has since been a trustee of the Insane 

Asylum for thirteen years, a justice of 
the peace fourteen years, and a director 
of the Bank of Brattleboro' twenty years. 
In all the various duties and respon- 
sible stations of life, he has proved him- 
self a faithful and true man, and in them 
all he has commanded the full confi- 
dence, respect and esteem of his fellow 
citizens. — Vermont Phcenix (Brattleboro' ), 
April 11 ; "Cushman Genealogy," p. 625. 
Clakk, Rev. Samuel Fulton, ' W are, Ms., 
March 27, a. 43. He was the youngest 
son of Jonas and Mary (TwitchellJ 
Clark, and brother of Rev. George Faber 
Clark, of Norton, (see Hist, of Norton, p. 
210); was b. in Shipton, Lower Canada, 
Feb. 24, 1818. His father removed to 
that place from Dublin, N. H., but re- 
turned when Samuel was about two years 
old. At about sixteen 3'ears of age, he 
went to Jaffrey, N. H., where he learned 
the trade of tannei and currier; thence 
to Peterboro', where he worked at his 
trade, and at farming, until he had ac- 
quired funds to pay for his education, 
being then twenty-two years old. He 
studied nearly a year with Rev. Abiel 
Abbot; went to Phillips Academy, in 
Exeter ; remained three years ; entered 
the theological school at Cambridge, 
where he graduated in 1847 ; preached a 
short time in Athol, also in Warwick, 
Mass. ; ord. over the First Unitarian 
Church in Athol, April 19, 1848; re- 
signed in the spring of 1852, but was 
induced to remain, which he did four 
years ; he preached his farewell sermon 
to the society there, April 20, 1856; was 
installed pastor of the church and society 
in Ware, Dec. 24th of the same year. 
In the latter part of the year 1858, he 
was attacked with a hemorrhage from 
the lungs, and in Feb. 1859, in company 
with his wife, he sailed for Europe. He 
returned in July, without any benefit 
from his voyage, the disease making slow 
but sure progress till his death. His pub- 
lished sermons were, on the dedication of 
the church in Athol, Dec. 8, 1847, and a 
centennial discourse, delivered on the 
100th anniversary of the organization of 
the First Church and Society in Athol, 
Sept. 9, 1850. He m. Mary E. Morse, 
dau. of Thaddeus and Serena ( Appleton) 
Morse, of Dublin, N. H., April 30, 1848, 
by whom he had one child, Frank Ap- 
pleton, b. Jan. 28, 1850. His wife d. April 
1, 1853. He m. Miss Divine Perry, of 
Athol, Sept. 3, 1855, by whom he had 
Mary Morse, b. Aug. '28, 1860. His 
second wife survives him. The promi- 
nent trait in Mr. Clark's character was 
independence. He was a firm friend to 
liberal Christianity. He was conscien- 
tious in his work. He spoke before friend 
and foe, scoffer and defender of his faith, 
with equal prudence and earnestness. In 


Quarterly Obituary. 


his intercourse he was frank and cordial. 
He waa a corresponding member of the 
New England Hist. Genealogical Society. 

Cobb, Rev. Alvan, Taunton, April 2 ; 
senior pastor of the West Congregational 
Church in that town. Mr. Cobb was of 
Scottish descent ; the son of Timothy 
and Deborah (Church ) Cobb, and grand- 
son of Nathan Cobb, of Carver. His 
ancestors were early settlers in Plymouth. 
The exact date of his birth Mr. Cobb 
did not know ; but it is believed to have 
been about 1788, and his age at death, 
therefore, about 73 years. His mother 
died when lie was only five years old, 
but his father lived to the age of eighty. 
Mr. C. entered Mid die bury College, but 
removed to Brown University, where he 
graduated in 1813; studied theolojy 
with Rev. Otis Thompson, of Rehoboth ; 
was made pastor of the West Church in 
Taunton, April 19, 1815. On the 16th 
of May, 1860, Rev. Thomas T. Rich 
mond was settled as his colleague. On 
the 30th of Dec. 1815, Mr. Cobb m. Miss 
Mary, dan. of Hon. Elijah and Rebecca 
Ingraham, of Pawtucket. She d. Sept. 
13, 1846. He m. Miss Abiah F. Homer, 
of Boston, Oct. 20, 1847, who survives 
him. He had two sons — one died in in- 
fancy ; the other within a few years, 
leaving two son*, who now constitute his 
sole defendants. Mr. Cobb published 
funeral sermons of Mrs. Rebecca Tal- 
bot, of New York; of Mrs. Hannah 
Walker, of Taunton ; and of Rev. Jo- 
seph H. Bailey, of Dighton ; also ordi- 
nation sermons of Rev. Charles Sim- 
mons, at Attleboro' ; and of Rev. David 
Tilton, at Edgarton : also a sermon 
preached at Plymouth, on Forefathers 
day, 1831 ; and 'Doctrinal Tract No 23, 
besides many articles in periodicals. 
Through Mr. Cobb's agency was started, 
in his congregation, in 1816, the first 
Sabbath school in Bristol County. At 
his house, also, was organized the Doc- 
trinal Tract and Book Society, since en- 
larged and rechartered as the Congrega- 
tional Board of Publication. — Extract 
from a communication to the Boston Re- 
corder, April ]$th. 

Deans, Mrs. Abby, Brookline, May 6, a. 
49; wife of William Reed Deane, and 
dau. of the late Rev. Simeon Doggett, 
of Raynham, Mass. The following is 
Mrs. Deane's paternal ancestry : — 

(1) Thomas Doggett, of Marshfield, d. 

Sept. 1692. 

(2) John, of Marshfield, d. between Jan. 

21, 1716, and July 2, 1718. 

(3) Thomas, of Marshfield, d. between 

April 19, 1736, and Jan. 31, 1736-7. 

(4) Thomas, of Middleboro', d. Aug. 11, 

1788, a. 82. 

(5) Simeon, of Middleboro', d. May 13, 

1823, a. 86. 

(6) Simeon, of Raynham, d. March 20, 

1852, a. 87. 

(7) Mrs. Deane, of Brookline, d. May 6, 

1861, a. 49. 
Mrs. Deane was, by her mother, the 
seventh generation in descent from (I) 
John Fobes, an early settler of Bridge- 
water, through (2) Edward, (3) John, 
(4) Josiah, (5) Rev. Perez, LL. D., of 
Raynham, (6) Nancy, (7) Mrs. Deane. 
She was the seventh in descent from 

( 1 ) Nathaniel Wales, who sailed, in 1635, 
in company with Richard Mather, from 
Bristol, England, for America, through 

(2) Nathaniel, (3) Nathaniel, (4) John, 
the first minister of Raynham, (5) Pru- 
dence, the wife of Dr. Fobes, the second 
minister of Raynham, (6) Nancy Fobes, 
the wife of Rev. Simeon Doggett, also a 
preacher in Raynham, ^7) Mrs. Deane. 
She was also the seventh in descent, by 
her father's grandmother, from (1) Dr. 
Samuel Fuller, of the Mayflower, through 
his son (2) Rev. Samuel, first minister 
of Middleboro', (3) John, (4) Joanna, 
the wife of Thomas Doggett, (5) Simeon 
Doggett, (6) Rev. Simeon, (7) Mrs. 

Seldom are we called to put on record 
the departure of one who possessed more 
of those elements of character which fill 
up our ideal of a true christian lady. 
Executive energy, winning gentleness, 
and colloquial ability, are qualities which 
belong to the higher order of female 
character. The first is needed to govern, 
the second to influence, the third to place 
constantly before the young mind the 
manifest distinctions of right and wrong. 
These qualities were possessed in a re- 
markable degree by the subject of this 
notice, and made her almost a model 
mother in disciplining her children, 
moulding their minds and habits, and 
impressing the principles of Christian 

Intelligent and literary without being 
pedantic, she was always found a genial 
companion for the lovers of literature 
and the products of genius. In discussing 
the merits of a discourse from the pulpit 
or the lecture-room, or of some book she 
had read, her conversation with some 
friend who had heard or read the same 
was instructive, and often brilliant and 

Her love, however, for these tilings 
never became so absorbing as to lift her 
above, or take her out of the sphere of 
those necessary but less intellectual oc- 
cupations and duties that belong to home 
life. In rendering home attractive to 
husband, children, and visiting friends; 
in giving it the inviting aspect of neat- 
ness, order and comfort, and in every 
thing pertaining to the whole circle of 
domestic duty, few were more successful 


Quarterly Obituary. 


— few were her equals. If she had any 
feeling of pride, ambition, or vanity, it 
was directed to worthy objects. She was 
proud of her children, perhaps justly, 
and was accustomed, like the Roman 
mother, to point to them as her jewels. 
Her keen sensibility to the wants and 
sufferings of others often prompted her 
to deeds of love to the full extent of her 
ability. She loved to notice the depressed 
and the neglected — to talk and sympa- 
thize with them as she met them at the 
door, or in the street — to encourage and 
cheer them on in their humble lot. A 
member of Dr. Hedge's church and so- 
ciety as she was, no one perhaps appre- 
ciated or enjoyed more than she her 
Christian ami intellectual privileges. A 
long- and lingering illness had prostrated 
her constitution and confined her to the 
chamber, and if clouds of gloom ever 
gathered around her bedside, soon were 
they dissipated by her calm and clear 
visions of the grand realities of the other 
and higher life, where she had long and 
steadfastly fixed her hope. See H. and 
G. Reg., v. 412; Christian Register, June 
8, 1861. 

Dokkance, Dr. James, Kennebunk, Me., 
Jan. 25, a. 90; born Jan. 14, 1771. 

Douglas, lion. Stephen Arnold, Chicago, 
June 3, a. 48. He was born in Brandon, 
Rutland Co., Vt., April 23, 1813. His 
father, a native of Rensselaer County, 
New York, removed to Vermont ; be- 
came a physician ; married Miss Sarah 
Fisk, the daughter of a farmer, and 
died suddenly of apoplexy when his son 
Stephen was little more than two months 
old. The widow, Mrs. Douglas, who 
still survives, took her infant and a 
daughter some eighteen months older to 
a farm, which she had inherited con- 
jointly with her unmarried brother. 
Stephen received such an education as a 
common school could bestow, and, ar- 
riving at the age of fifteen, looked anx- 
iously toward a college course. His 
family were unable to afford the requisite 
expense. He apprenticed himself to a 
cabinet maker — at which trade he worked, 
partly at Middlebury and partly at Bran- 
don, for eighteen months. This appli- 
cation at the cabinet maker's bench im- 
paired his health, so that he abandoned 
the occupation, though with regret, for 
he has often said that the happiest days 
of his life were spent in the workshop. 
He studied for a year in the academy at 
Brandon, when — his mother, after a 
widowhood of sixteen years, having 
married Mr. Granger, of Ontario Co., 
N. Y., whose son had previously wedded 
her daughter — he removed to Canan- 
daigua with his mother, and entered the 
academy at that place. Here he re- 
mained" until 1833, studying law with 

the Messrs. Hubbell. In the spring of 
that year, he started for "the West" — 
had to remain the whole summer at 
Cleveland, on account of a severe illness 
— recovering, visited Cincinnati, Louis- 
ville, St. Louis ; — taught a school in 
Winchester, 111.; — commenced the prac- 
tice of the law in Jacksonville, in March, 
1834; — was elected attorney-general of 
Illinois, while not yet twenty-two years 
old ; — was elected to the Illinois legis- 
lature in Dec. 1835 ; — was appointed, by 
President Van Buren, Register of the 
Land Office at Springfield, 111., in April, 
1837, which office he resigned in 1839; — 
was appointed Secretary of State for 
Illinois in Dec. 1840; — in Feb. follow- 
ing, was elected by the legislature a 
judge of the Supreme Court; — in 1843, 
he resigned his seat on the bench to 
accept the Democratic nomination for 
Congress; was reelected in 1844, and 
again in 1846; — was elevated to the 
United States Senate for six years from 
March 4, 1847 ; was re-elected in 1853, 
and again in 1859, so that his term of 
service was unexpired. His nomination, 
in 1860, for the Presidency, and the re- 
sults which followed, are familiar to all. 
On the 7th April, 1847, he married Miss 
Martha D. Martin, dau. of Col. Robert 
Martin, of Rockingham Co., N. C, b}' 
whom he had three children, two of 
whom are living. She d. Nov. 20, 1856. 
He was again married, Jan. 19, 1859, to 
Miss Adele Cutts, dau. of James Madi- 
son Cutts, of Washington, D. C, second 
comptroller of the treasury. 

Fernald, Rev. Oliver Jordan, Thomas- 
ton, Me., May 7, a. 36. He was pastor 
of the Unitarian society in that town, 
where he settled in 1848; was eldest son 
of the late Oliver Fernald, of South 

Fiske, Isaac, East Cambridge, March 11, 

a. 82. For upwards of thirty years, Mr. 
F. held the office of Register of Probate 
for the County of Middlesex. 

Fox, Daniel, Portland, April 11, ae. 81. 
He was the oldest son of John Fox , was 

b. in Portland, then Falmouth Neck, 
Sept. 15, 1780. His father, the son of 
Jabez Fox, was also b. in Portland, 
Sept. 5, 1749. Mr. F. was named Dan- 
iel, from his maternal grandfather, who 
came to P. from Maryland in 1777, with 
his daughter, to take passage for the 
West Indies. John Fox, by a matri- 
monial proposition, disturbed this ar- 
rangement, and the daugher remained 
in Portland, to become the mother of an 
honorable posterity. The subject of our 
notice had the distinction of combining 
the blood of George Cleeves, the first 
settler of Portland, 1632, and of John 
Fox,[?] the celebrated martyrologist. His 
grandfather's (Jabez) mother was Mary 


Quarterly Obituary. 


Tyng, gr. dau. of Thaddeus Clarke and 
Elizabeth Mitton, who was a gr. dau. of 
Cleeves. Jabez (II. C. 1727), was a son 
of Rev. John Fox, of Woburn. lie went 
to Falmouth before 1743; was a repre- 
sentative to the General Court, and a 
member of the Exeeutive Council. He 
died in Portland, Me., 7 April, 1755, at 
the age of 50. His son, John, the father 
of Daniel, a merchant, died in 1795, a. 
46, leaving- eight children, of whom Dan- 
iel, recently deceased, was the second. 

Daniel Fox was educated for commer- 
cial life. After serving out his appren- 
ticeship with Weeks & Tucker, he be- 
came a partner in business with Lemuel 
Bryant, afterwards with his brother John, 
carrying on a large trade with the West 
Indies. In August, 1815, he m. Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Maj. Archelaus Lewis, of 
Westbrook, an officer of the Revolution, 
by whom he has had a numerous family. 
His sons and daughters, with their moth- 
er, remain. For many years Mr. Fox 
has been a great sufferer from disease. 
At the age of seventeen, a fever spared 
his life, but he was made a cripple for the 
remainder of his days. He never asked 
exemption from hardship or duty by 
reason of his infirmity, and made it no 
apology for idleness or repose. An in- 
flexible will, an indomitable courage and 
'natural strength of constitution, carried 
him through numerous labors and suffer- 
ings to the period at which he was sum- 
moned to a rest which his natural life 
had never granted him. w. — Abridged 
from the Portland I Me.) Advertiser, April 

Frothixgham, Richard, Charlestown, 
March 30, a. 79 yrs. 5 mos. The fol- 
lowing is his line of descent: — William 1 
and Ann Frothingham ; Nathaniel, 2 b. 
1640= Mary Hett; Nathaniel, 3 b. 1671 
= Hannah Rand; Nathaniel, 4 b. 1698= 
Susanna Whittemore ; Nathaniel, 5 b. 
1722 = Mary Whittemore; Richard, 6 b. 
1748 = Mary Kettell, who were the pa- 
rents of Richard, 7 (the subject of this 
notice,) b. 1781, who in. Mary Thomp- 
son, 1808. Their only surviving son is 
Richard, 8 author of the valuable "His- 
tory of the Siege of Boston." 

Gihbs, Dr. Josiah Willard, New Haven, 
Ct., Monday, a. 71 ; Professor of Sacred 
Literature in the theological department 
of Yale College, and a man of great 
celebrity in the world of science. He 
held a high rank among American 
scholars, not only for learning and re- 
search in his special department, but for 
his thorough acquaintance with general 
philology. He was the author of a valu- 
able Hebrew dictionary, and of many 
other minor works of great merit. For 
nearly forty years he has been connected 
with the theological seminary of Yale 

College. — Boston Daily Advertiser, Thurs- 
day, March 28. 

Holden, Anna, Bangor, Me., Feb. 28, a. 
88 yrs. 4 mos. 26 days ; wid. of Edward 
Holden, of Dorchester. She was dau. 
of Samuel and Ann (Robinson) Payson, 
and sister to the late Maj. Samuel Pay- 
son, all of Dorchester. 

Howe, Dea. Abraham, Westmoreland, N. 
H., Nov. 22, a. 89 yrs. 10 mos. 7 days. 
He was son of Abraham and Patience 
(Blake) Howe; b. in Dorchester, Jan. 15, 
1771. Few persons have passed a more 
even, tranquil life than Mr. H., beloved 
and respected by all for his Christian 
virtues, and dailv practical goodness. 
See " Blake Family," p. 50. 

Lambert, Patience, Dorchester, May 11, 
a. 83 yrs. 8 mos. 11 days. She was a 
younger sister of Dea. Abraham Howe, 
above mentioned ; was b. in Dorchester, 
Aug. 30, 1777 ; m. Paul Lambert, Aug. 
7, 1794, who died* in North Carolina in 
Sept. 1820. See "Blake Family," p. 52. 

Low, Gen. Solomon, West Newbury, April 
3, a. 81. He was a native of Boxford, 
where he resided till about 1857, when 
he removed to West Newbury. He has 
.repeatedly represented the town of Box- 
ford in the Legislature. He served in 
the militia of the State many years, and 
held the office of general of second 
brigade, second division, from Sept. 
1820, until April, 1840, when all the 
general officers were discharged, pre- 
paratory to a reorganization of the 

Macomber, Daniel, Lakeville, Feb. 27, 
a. 90. 

McLean, Hon. John, LL.D., Cincinnati, 
Ohio, April 4, a. 76. He was born in 
Morris Co., N. J., March 11, 1785. His 
father was an emigrant from Ireland, and 
a weaver by trade, which business he 
followed in his adopted country. When 
John was four years old, his father, with 
a large family, sought a settlement in 
Morgantown, now the county seat of 
Monongalia, Co., Va., afterwaid in Jes- 
samine, near Nicholasville, Ky., from 
whence he removed, in 1793, to the 
vicinity of Mayslick ; finally went, in 
1799, to the territory, northwest of the 
Ohio River, which now forms Warren 
Co., Ohio Here the elder McLean 
cleared a farm, and for forty years, until 
his death, resided upon it. The home- 
stead afterward became the property, 
and for many years was the residence, 
• of the son. John received such educa- 
tion as the scanty means of that part of 
the country at that time afforded — in his 
sixteenth year he became acquainted 
with the languages through the instruc- 
tion of Rev. Matthew Wallace and Mr. 
Stubbs, and by his own diligent study, 
lie had .meanwhile labored on the farm 


Quarterly Obituary. 


to obtain the moans of defraying the 
expenses of his instruction, and subse- 
quently had employment, at the age of 
eighteen, in the clerk's office of Hamil- 
ton Co., in Cincinnati. He studied law 
under the auspices of Arthur St. Clair, 
son of the famous Revolutionary general 
of that name, who had been governor 
and judge of the Northwest Territory. 
He was admitted to the bar in the fall of 
1807, and commenced the practice of 
law at Lebanon, Ohio. In Oct. 1812, he 
became a candidate for Congress, and 
was elected a U. S. Representative by a 
large majority. In 1814, he was unani- 
mously re-elected — receiving every vote 
cast in his district, which included Cin- 
cinnati. It is further stated, that "every 
voter who attended the polls voted for 
him." He declined becoming a candi- 
date for the U. S. Senate in 1815, when 
his election was considered a certainty. 
In 1816, the Legislature of Ohio having 
unanimously elected him a Judge of the 
Supreme Court of that State, he resigned 
his seat in Congress, and was succeeded 
by General Harrison. After dignifying 
the Supreme Bench of Ohio for six years, 
President Monroe appointed him Com- 
missioner of the General Land Office, 
and, in 1823, he became Postmaster- 
General. ] 'resident Jackson tendered 
him in succession the War and the Navy 
departments, which he declined, but he 
accepted a seat on the Supreme Bench 
of the United States, to which he was 
appoitited in 1829. He entered upon the 
discharge of his duties at the January 
term, 1830, and has performed the duties 
of that station for a period of thirty-one 
years. In 1839, the honorary degree 
of doctor of laws was conferred upon 
him by Harvard College, he having pre- 
viously, in 1835, received the same honor 
from the Wesleyan University at Mid 
dletown, Ct. In the spring of 1807, he 
m. Miss Rebecca Edwards, dau. of Dr. 
Edwards of Ohio, formerly of South 
Carolina. His wife d. in Dec. 1840, and 
he m. in 1843, Mrs. Sarah Bella Gar- 
rard, dau. of Israel Ludlow, one of the 
founders of Cincinnati. He was a Cor. 
member of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society. 
Minot, Hon. Stephen, Haverhill, April fe, 
a. 84. He was son of Capt. Jonas and 
Mary (Hall) Minot ; was b. in Concord, 
Sept. 28, 177G, [see Reg., i. 262); grad. 
H. C. 1801; studied law, and first set- 
tled in Methuen, afterwards removed to 
Haverhill, where he passed the residue 
of his davs. He was once county at- 
torney for Essex, and afterwards a judge, 
at the same time, and upon the same 
bench, with the late Judge Dana. He 
m. Rebecca Trask, Nov. 9, 1809. His 
widow (a second wife) is a dau. of the 
late Hon. Stephen P. Gardner, of Bolton. 

Two of Mr. Minot's children survive — 
Mrs. Pitman of Reading, and Charles 
Minot, Esq., Superintendent of the Erie 
Railroad, N. Y. The late George Minot, 
Esq., a sound and able lawyer of Boston, 
author of " Minot's Digest/' was his 
youngest son. He d. April 16, 1858, a. 
41. See Jan. No. of the Reg., p. 95. 

Nason, James D wight, Exeter, N. IL, 
April 4, a. 20 yrs. 4 mos. He was the 
second son of Rev. Elias Nason, pastor 
of the First Church in Exeter; the grand- 
son of Levi, b. in Walpole, Mass. 1779; 
the gr. gr. son of Thomas ; and gr. gr. 
gr. son of Thomas Nason of the same 
place. He was a youth of much intel- 
lectual promise ; upright, honest and 
truthful in word and deed, and dignified 
and manly in his bearing. He was, for 
one of his age, extensively read in Eng- 
lish, French, and American history; and 
had made considerable attainments in 
music, eloquence, and poetry, of which 
he was passionately fond. He bore his 
sufferings with manly fortitude. He died 
of consumption, with the smile of Chris- 
tian hope upon his cheek ; and sleeps in 
the cemetery at Exeter, beside the pine 
grove ever breathing forth the music 
which he loved to hear. Some extracts 
from his writings will be published pri- 
vately for his family and friends. 

Oliver, Rev. George, D.D., St. Nicholas 
Priory, Exeter, England, 23 March, a. 
81 ; a gentleman equally well known for 
his Christian liberality, extensive learn- 
ing, and knowledge in history and an- 
tiquities. Probably there are few men 
now living in Devonshire so well in- 
formed in the archaeology of that historic 
county as Dr. Oliver was. Notwith- 
standing he was a Catholic priest, he 
enjoyed the respect and esteem of all 
good Protestants who knew him ; for, in 
his many published works, truthfulness 
and impartiality showed that he pos- 
sessed a mind above the influences of 
party or sectarian bias, This considera- 
tion will stamp a value upon them which 
will always last. It was the fortune of 
the writer, in company with his amiable 
friend Dr. R. Elton, to pay the venerable 
antiquary a visit, about a year since. 
We found him in his study, busily en- 
gaged upon a new edition of his History 
of Exeter. He showed us his manu- 
scripts, and a great collection of ancient 
wills and other documents loaned him 
for his use — some of them of the twelfth 
century. This visit to him was on the 
20th of January, 1860, and the doctor 
remarked, "in a few days he should be 
80." Hence he must have been 81 at 
his decease. He was below the middle 
stature, his head very round, which, 
though well covered with hair closely 
cut, was as white as snow. His hearing 


Quarterly Obituary. 


was quite imperfect, but we found not 
much difficulty in conversing with him. 
One of the most valuable works pro- 
duced by Dr. Oliver is an edition of 
Westcote's View of Devonshire, pub- 
lished from the original manuscripts, 
which had been known to historical 
students above two hundred years, and 
to which Prince was largely indebted for 
his pedigrees in his Worthies of Devon. 
Other labors of Dr. Oliver would be 
noticed, but we have already exceeded 
the limits intended. He will doubtless 
receive due attention from some of his 
numerous friends at home. 

Osborn, John, Kennebunk, Me., Feb. 11, 
a. 76; b. Jan. 26, 1785; had been part 
ner in trade, with his brother James, the 
past forty years. 

Paine, Calvin, Freetown, Dec. 25, a. 75; 
a soldier of the war of 1812, where he 
served as a fifer. He was b. at Freetown, 
Oct. 17, 1785, and was the first son and 
fourth child of Warden and Susannah 
( Brett) Paine, grandson of Ralph and 
Elizabeth (Harlow) Paine, gr. grandson 
of Thomas and Susannah (Haskell) 
Paine, and gr. gr. grandson of Ralph 
and Dorothy Paine, the first of that name 
who settled in Freetown, in or near 1688. 
On the maternal side, he was a grandson 
of Rev. Silas Brett, the first settled min- 
ister of the Congregational denomination 
in Freetown or Fall River, gr. grandson 
of Seth and Sarah (Alden) Brett, gr. gr. 
grandson of Dea. Nathaniel and Sarah 
(Hay ward) Brett, gr. gr. gr. grandson of 
Elder William Brett, who is supposed to 
have emigrated from Kent, in England, 
and was at Duxbury in 1645 ; one of 
the original proprietors and settlers of 
Bridgewater, and a leading man both in 
church and town affairs, being often sent 
a representative to the Old Colony court. 
He preached for Mr. Keith, the Bridge- 
water minister, when sickness prevented 
the latter from attending on that service. 

E. W. P. 

Payne, Capt. Sylvanus Strange, Assonet 
Village, Freetown, Nov. 2. The de- 
ceased was a son of Capt. Ebenczer and 
Hannah Payne, and b. at Freetown, June 
15, 1795, grandson of John, Jr. and 
Philip (Strange) Paine, gr. grandson of 
John and Rebecca (Davis) Paine, and 
gr. gr. grandson of Ralph Paine and 

Dorothy , who settled in Freetown 

about the year 1688, and a part of whose 
extensive landed estate then purchased, 
the deceased died seized and possessed 
of by direct heirship. On the maternal 
side, his descent was as follows : his 
mother was dan. of Ralph and Elizabeth 
(Harlow) Paine, grand dan. of Thomas 
and Susanah (Haskell) Paine, and gr. 
grand dau. of Ralph and Dorothy Paine. 
The deceased was characterized through 

life for excellence of disposition and un- 
common evenness of temper, no less than 
for honesty of heart and generosity of 
soul. He for several years held and 
honored the positions of assessor, tax 
collector, and treasurer of Freetown, and 
at his death was one of the selectmen 
and overseers of the poor in that town, 
justice of the peace and commissioner to 
qualify civil officers for the County of 
Bristol. E. w. p. 

Root, Frederick S., Saratoga Springs, N. 
Y., March 13, a3. 40. He was son of 
Maj. Samuel Root, formerly of Ber- 
nardston, Mass., where many of his rela- 
tives now reside. The deceased had 
resided at Saratoga Springs upwards of 
thirty years, where he obtained his edu- 
cation, entered the practice of the law, 
married, and had attained a high rank 
in his profession. He leaves a wife and 
two young children. An eminent ad- 
vocate remarked, soon after Mr. R. was 
admitted to the bar, that he had probably 
no superior of his age in tiie county in 
those qualities which make a profound 
lawyer. His unbending probity and in- 
tegrity were prominent traits of his char- 
acter. He was for many years a member 
of the Presbyterian church. 

Shaw, Hon. Lemuel, LL.D., Boston, 
March 30, a. 80. He was son of Rev. 
Oakes and Susannah (Hay ward) Shaw; 
was born in Barnstable, Jan. 9, 1781. 
Rev. Oakes 5 Shaw, b. in South Bridge- 
water, June 10, 1736, H. C. 1758, was 
settled pastor of the church at Great 
Marshes, in Barnstable, Oct. 1, 1760, and 
d. Feb. 11, 18U7, a. 70; who was son of 
Rev. John 4 Shaw, b. in East Bridge- 
water 1708, H. C. 1729, ord. in South 
Bridgewater, Nov. 1731, m Ruth, dau. 
of Rev. Samuel Angier of Watertown, 
and sister of Rev. John Angier of South 
Bridgewater; Rev. John 4 was son of 
Joseph, 3 b. 1664, who m. Judith (b. 1669), 
dau. of John and Sarah Whitmarsh, and 
settled in East Bridgewater before 1698; 
Joseph 3 was son of John 2 and Alice 
Shaw; John 2 was probably (says Mitch- 
ell) son of Abraham 1 Shaw of Dedham, 
freeman 1637. See abstract of his will, 
Req., ii. p. 180; MitclieWs Bridgewater, 
p. 290. 

Lemuel Shaw grad. II. C. 1800; soon 
after, he became assistant teacher in the 
Franklin, now the Brimmer school, of 
Boston, of which Dr. Asa Bullard was 
the principal, and was also connected 
with the " Boston Gazette." His legal 
studies were directed by David Everett, 
Esq., at Boston, and in Amherst, N. H. ; 
he was admitted to the bar in Hopkin- 
ton, N. H. in Sept. 1804. and about two 
months after in Plymouth, Mass. He 
commenced practice in Boston in De- 
cember of- the same year. He delivered 


Quarterly Obituary. 


the discourse before the Boston Humane 
Society in 1811, and the 4th of July 
oration in 1815. He represented Boston 
in the Legislature from 1811 to 1816, 
during the entire period of the war with 
Great Britain, and was again elected in 
1819; was a member of the hoard of 
firewards, a selectman, and one of the 
school committee of Boston before it was 
a city ; was of the State convention for 
the revision of the Constitution, in 1820; 
in 1821, was one of the editors of the 
General Laws of the State, revised and 
adapted to the amendments of the con- 
vention ; in 1821 and 1822, was in the 
State Senate, and again in 1828 and 
1829 ; in the year 1822, he prepared the 
principal part of the City Charter for 
Boston. At the deatli of Chief Justice 
Isaac Parker, of the Supreme Judicial 
Court, in 1830, Gov. Lincoln appointed 
Mr. Shaw to the place. He held this 
office until Aujr, 31st of last year, 1860, 
when he resigned, having held the office 
just thirty years. Upon his retirement, 
the mem hers of the bar, of the whole 
Commonwealth, held a meeting in Bos- 
ton, and took suitable action on the 
event. He was a memher of various 
philanthropic and other societies; was 
an honorary member of the N. E. Hist. 
Gen. Society; at the time of his death 
was president of two organizations. He 
m., .Jan. 6, 1818, Elizabeth, dau. of Jo- 
siah Knapp of Boston ; by her he had 
two children — John Oakes and Elizabeth 
Knapp. His wife d. June 13, 1822, a. 
36. lie m. in Aug. 1827, Hope, dau. of 
Dr. Samuel Savage of Barnstable. By 
his last wife, Judge Shaw had two chil- 
dren — Lemuel (II. C. 1849) and Samuel. 
His wife and all his children survive. 
Judge Shaw had the honorary degree of 
doctor of laws conferred upon him by 
Harvard College in 1831, and by Brown 
University in 1850. 
Smith, Rev. Eli Burnham, P. D., of Fair- 
fax, Vt., died at Colchester, Vt., Jan. 5, 
as. 58. Dr. Smith was a native of Shore- 
ham, Vt., where his father and a brother 
still reside. Having graduated at Mid- 
dlebury College in 1823, he commenced 
his theological course at Andover, Mass., 
but removed to Newton at the opening 
of the Theological Institution there, and, 
with John E. Weston, formed the first 
graduating class — that of 1826. Previous 
to 1833, he was pastor of Baptist churches 
in Buffalo, N. Y., and Poultney, Vt. ; 
hut in that year he was placed at the 
head of the Literary and Theological 
Institution located at New Hampton, 
N. H. In 1853, the school was removed 
to Fairfax, Vt. As Dr. Smith was 
President of the Institution at the time 
of his death, he had occupied that posi- 
tion nearly twenty-eight years. 

He was the oldest son of Joseph and 
Esther (Burnham) Smith (m. March 26, 
1802), whose children were as follows: 
Eli B., b. April 16, 1803; Orvit/e, b. 
Nov. 16, 1805, now living in Shoreham ; 
RolHn C, b. May 18, 1809, now living 
in Detroit, Mich.; Narcissa V., b. Nov. 
22, 1818, m. Dr. Otis Aver, formerly of 
New Hampton, N. II., now of Le Sueur, 
Minnesota. Dr. Smith m., Sept. 23, 
1826, Eliza Moore of Shoreham (b. Dec. 
17, 1802), dau. of Paul Moore, the well 
known pioneer. See Hemmenway's Ver- 
mont lit 'storied/ Magazine, No. 1, p. 97. 
She died in May, 1859, while visiting 
in Michigan. Their children were, Sarah 
E., wife of Prof. Daniel Putnam of Kala- 
mazoo, Mich.; Eliza, d. when a few 
weeks old ; Roll in A., of Michigan ; and 
Eli B., Jr., of Detroit, Mich. 

Respecting Dr. Smith's ancestors, the 
following items have been gleaned from 
the recollections and records of the 
family. His father, Joseph Smith, b. 
March 26, 1782, at Spcncertown, N. Y. ; 
removed with his parents to Shoreham, 
Vt., when about three years old. His 
mother, Esther Burnham, b. in Cornwall, 
Ct, July 17, 1779; d. in Shoreham, Oct. 
11, 1841. His paternal grandparents 
were Eli Smith, b. Nov. 10, 1751, in 
Dutchess County, N. Y., d. June 16, 
1816, in Shoreham, Vt. ; and Jemima 
Denton, b. Jan. 7, 1756, in Bedford, N. 
Y., d. Nov. 8, 1845, in Shoreham, Vt. 

D. W. H. 

Taylor, Rev. Joshua, Portland, Me., 
March 20, a. 93. He was son of Law- 
rence and Amy (Potts) Taylor, and was 
born at Princeton, N. J., Feb. 5, 1768. 
The first emigrant of his name was Ed- 
ward Taylor, who came from England 
in 1687, and settled near Middletown, 
Monmouth Co , N. J. Mr. Taylor's 
parents were in moderate circumstances, 
and his early education was very limited. 
At the age of seventeen, Joshua was 
apprenticed to a cabinet maker, and 
continued in the employment three years, 
when, on the death of his mother, his 
feelings became greatly excited in regard 
to his spiritual condition. His mind 
passed through severe conflicts, until he 
settled at last on firm convictions of the 
truth of Christianity, and was filled with 
an earnest desire to propagate its doc- 
trines. He commenced first, a series of 
exhortations to those of his neighbors 
who would listen to them. In 1791, he 
entered fully into the communion of the 
Methodist church, became an itinerant 
preacher, and was appointed to the 
Flanders circuit. The next year, he 
came to New England, and labored in 
the circuits of Fairfield, Middletown, 
Granville, and Trenton, in Connecticut. 
In 1797, the six circuits in Maine having 


Quarterly Obituary. 


been organized into a district, lying be- 
tween the Penobscot and Saco Rivers, 
lie was appointed sole presiding elder; 
came early in Oct. 1797, and continued 
in the office four years. His associates 
at this time were Timothy Merritt, 
Nicholas Suethen, Enoch Mudge, Peter 
Jane, Joshua Soule, Joshua Hall, John 
Broadhead, Daniel Webb, and Epaphras 
Kibby. From Maine, Mr. T. passed to 
the Boston district, where he remained 
two years, and then returned to Maine, 
every year attending a conference in New 
York, New Jersey, or in one of the New 
England States. In 1804, he rode to 
Baltimore on horseback ; on his way he 
spent a Sabbath and preached in Port- 
land. The next day, Enoch Ilsley pre- 
sented to him the building which had 
been the Episcopal church, for the use 
of the society — the building having been 
removed from its original site. The so- 
ciety then consisted of but eleven mem- 
bers, — two males and nine females, — of 
whom Lemuel Gooding is the only sur- 
vivor. In 1826, Mr. Taylor removed to 
Cumberland, where he was pastor about 
twenty years. On his return to Port- 
land, he was appointed chaplain to the 
almshouse, where he continued to offi- 
ciate four years, when he was struck by 
a paralysis, which terminated his public 
labors, in June, 1852, at the age of 84. 
But although disabled in body, his mind 
retained its freshness and power to near 
his last day. While officiating in Port- 
land, he taught a private school. In 
1824, he was chosen an elector of Presi- 
dent, and voted for John Quincy Adams. 
In June, 1 806, he m. Dolly, dau. of Capt. 
David Smith, a merchant in Portland. 
She d. the next year, leaving one son — 
David S. Taylor. In Oct. 1808, he m. 
Mrs. Hannah Delano, by whom he had, 
Dolly, Barzillai, and George Edward ; 
the last, with his widow, only, survive. 
Few men have been so faithful, so de- 
voted, so humble and patient, as was this 
excellent man, through more than sixty 
years of active and persevering labor; 
self-sacrificing, he never spared his own 
exertions or his own comfort, while bear- 
ing up the ark of his trust, and leading 
on his people to higher and still higher 
attainments of spiritual experience, w. w. 
— Abridged from Portland Advertiser, 
March 22. 

Tucker, Jonathan, Saco, Me., Feb. 9, 
a. 84 yrs. 11 mos.; b. in Salem, March 
13, 1776; brother of Gideon Tucker, 
Esq., who recently d. in S.; went to 
Saco about 1797. 

Ward, Thomas, Middlefield, Jan. 9, a. 

Warren, Thomas, Portland, Me., on the 
night of April 20th, 3d. 74. He was son 
of Peter Warren and Anne Proctor, dau. 

of Benjamin, and grand dau. of Samuel 
Proctor (who d. in 1765, a. 85, leaving a 
large landed estate), and was b. in Port- 
land, April, 1787. He was the last sur- 
vivor of the seven children of his mother. 
His father came from Somersworth, N. 
H., before the Revolution ; he was a 
shoemaker by trade ; he commanded a 
company of volunteers, consisting of 
spirited and respectable young men of 
Falmouth, for the Bagaduce expedition, 
in June, 1779; and after the war, held 
several prominent offices in town, as 
selectman, assessor, &c. Bv his first 
wife, Thankful Briggs, he had but one 
child, Susan, who m. Capt. Jonathan 
Tucker, and died without issue in 1848; 
the second wife, Anne Proctor, d. Nov. 
9, 1811, a. 56; his third wife was Lucy 
Libby, by whom also he had children. 

Mr. Peter Warren removed to Water- 
ford after the war of 1812, where he d. 
in 1825, a. 74 — the same age as his son 
Thomas. The latter w T as brought up in 
trade ; was connected for a time in the 
grocery business with Elias Hersey, un- 
der the name of Warren & Hersey, and 
afterwards in shipping with W.W.Wood- 
bury. He m. Lucy Stamford of Ipswich, 
by whom he had several children, who, 
with his widow, survive. His sister Anne, 
who m. Eleazer Wyer, d. Aug. 1857, also 
leaving children. w. w. 

Wentworth, Benning, Dover, N. H., 
March 14, a, 66. He was b. Nov. 7, 
1794, and was son of Enoch 4 and Lydia 
(Marden) Wentworth, grandson of Sam- 
uel and Patience (Downs) Wentworth, 
gr. grandson of Ephraim 2 and Mary 
(Miller) Wentworth, who was the son 
of the emigrant settler, William Went- 

Also, on the 20th March, his widow, 
Hannah Wentworth, a. 46 yrs. 7 mos. ; 
who was dau. of John F. and Deliver- 
ance (Varney) Meader. J. w. 

White, Hon. Daniel Appleton, LL.D., 
Salem, March 30, a. 84. He was son 
of Capt. John and Elizabeth (Haynes) 
White, and was born in that part of 
Methuen which is now the city of Law- 
rence, June 7, 1776. In June, 1792, he 
entered the academy in Atkinson, N. II., 
where he pursued his preparatory studies ; 
grad. II. C. 1797. In 1799, he was ap- 
pointed tutor in the Latin department 
of Harvard College, which post he held 
until 1803. During that time he had 
entered his name as a student of law in 
the office of Francis Dana Channing, in 
Cambridge. In Sept. 1803, he went to 
Salem, and entered the law office of 
Hon. Samuel Putnam, afterwards Judge 
of the Supreme Court. In Judge Put- 
nam's office the late Hon. John Picker- 
ing was a fellow-student, and, jointly with 
that distinguished scholar, young White 


Quarterly Obituary. 


prepared for the use of the college an 
edition of Saliust, which was published 
by dishing & Appleton, but the whole 
edition, as soon as it was ready for de- 
livery, was destroyed by fire. In June, 
]so4, Judge White was admitted to the 
Essex bar, and established himself in 
the practice of the law in Newburvport. 
From 1810 to 1814 inclusive, he was a 
conspicuous member of the Senate of 
Massachusetts. In Nov. 1814, he was 
elected the member of Congress from 
Essex North District, and commissioned ; 
hut before the meeting of Congress re- 
signed, to accept the office of Judge of 
Probate, to which he was appointed by 
Gov. Strong, upon the resignation of 
Judge Holten, in May, 1815. In 1817, 
he removed to Salem, where he has ever 
since resided, continuing to fill the office 
of Judge of Probate with uncommon 
ability until he resigned in the summer 
of 1853, blessed with an old age serene 
and bright until its close by death, and 
enjoying, by universal consent, the dis- 
tinction of being regarded as beyond dis- 
pute the first citizen in the community 
where he so truly lived. Judge White's 
vast literary resources were always at the 
command of Ins friends and the public. 
He was one of the founders and directors 
of the Theological School at Cambridge 
in 1816; was an overseer from 1842 to 
1853 ; delivered the address at the second 
meeting of the Harvard Alumni Asso- 
ciation in 1844; was the founder of the 
Lyceum in Salem ; was President of the 
Athenaeum, and presided over the Essex 
Institute from its establishment; was a 
member of the Mass. Hist. Society and 
of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences ; was an honorary member of 
the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society; in 1837, 
lie received from Harvard College the 
degree of doctor of laws. As early as 
1800, he delivered a public eulogy on the 
death of Washington, and the same year 
performed a similar service on the death 
of Shapleigh, the librarian of Harvard 
College. He also delivered eulogies on 
the decease of Dr. Bowditch and Hon. 
John Pickering ; he delivered the ad- 
dress at the consecration of Harmony 
Grove Cemetery, in Salem, in 1840; 
has been the author of several other 
addresses and memoirs of great literary 
merit; wrote a valuable book on Probate 
Jurisdiction ; has contributed much to bi- 
ographical and other works. (Seep. 274.) 
Judge White m. Miss Mary Van Scholk- 
wick, dau. of the late Dr. Josiah Wildes, 

of Lancaster, Ms. She d. June 29, 1811, 
and he m. in Salem, Aug. I, 1S19, Mrs. 
Eliza Wetmore, dau. of William Orne, 
Esq , late of Salem, merchant. She died 
March 27, 1821, and he m. Mrs. Ruth 
Rogers, dau. of Joseph Hurd, Esq., late 
of Charlestown, merchant. By his first 
wife he had three daughters'; by his 
second wife one son, William Orne 
White, grad. H. C. 1840, and is now a 
Unitarian minister, settled in Keene, N. 
II.; by his third wife one son, Henry 
Orne White, grad. H. C. 1843, and is a 
physician, also two other sons who died 
in infancy. 
Woodbury, William, Portland, April 29 
as. 90. He arose on Monday morning at 
his usual early hour, and partly dressed 
himself; in two hours after, he was dead. 
Capt. Woodbury was a descendant of 
John Woodbury, one of the Cape Ann 
company, who went to that place with 
Roger Oonant in 1G24; he afterwards 
settled in Beverly, Mass., from which 
the immediate ancestor of our deceased 
friend, Joshua Woodbury, came to Fal- 
mouth in 1727, and settled at Cape 
Elizabeth. The parents of the deceased 
were Israel Woodbury, and Ann, dau. of 
William, and grand dau. of Rev. John 
White, of Gloucester, Cape Ann. He 
was horn on the old White farm, near 
Simonton's Cove, at Cape Elizabeth, 
Oct. 2, 1772. The Whites were ancient 
settlers at Cape Elizabeth ; they occu- 
pied farms there previous to the Indian 
war, in which one was killed, and their 
land has descended in the family to the 
present day. Capt Woodbury was long 
a successful shipmaster; afterward, he 
engaged in commercial pursuits on shore; 
was prime mover in establishing the 
Marine Railway, incorporated in 1826; 
he conducted it near thirty years, until 
it closed its affairs. He was many years 
President of the Marine Society, and 
twenty-seven years President of the Mer- 
chants Bank in Portland, holding that 
office at the time of his death, and having 
been a Director from its incorporation in 
1825. He m., in 1798, Mary, dau. of 
Capt. William Hoole, who went to Port- 
land from Boston just previous to the 
Revolution, with whom he has happily 
lived more than sixty-three years, and 
by whom he leaves one son and five 
daughters. She survives to lament her 
faithful and long-cherished companion. 
Capt. W. was a man of most determined 
will, of sound judgment, of great discern- 
ment, and inflexible integrity. w. 

Query. — The Rev. John Brainerd. Wanted, letters of, and papers and facts con- 
cerning his life and ministry. Address, Clifford Stanley Sims, S. E. 4th and Walnut 
Streets, Philadelphia. 

2S8 Payments, Sfc. [July. 

Having reference to American History and Biography. 

Feb. 10, 1741.— The Hon. Rich d Cornwallis, Esq., Equery to the Duke, Lt. in Wade's 
horse, and brother to Lord Cornwallis, at Rotterdam. — Gent. Mag., vol. xi., p. 108. 

March 12, 1741. — Dr. Daniel Turner, an eminent Physician and author of several 
learned treatises in Physic. — Ibid., p. 164. 

April 9, 1741. — Lady Cecilia Einnes, relict of the late Visct. Say and Seale. — Ibid., 
p. 221. 

May 24, 1741. — Thos. Coote, Esq. Knt. of the Shire for Monaghanin, Ireland, a 
great improver of the Linen manufacture in that Kingdom, of wh. the exports at the 
Revolution did not exceed £6000, yearly, which now amount to 100 times that sum. — 
Ibid., p. 277. 

Oct. 20, 1741. — The wife of John Blackwood, Esq., at Charlton ; she was one of the 
daus. of Sir Cloudesley Shovel, and mother of Lord Mansel. — Ibid., p. 554. 

Nov. 1, 1741. — Sir John Jocelyn, Bart at his seat of Hyde-Hall, Hertfordshire, who 
was succeeded by his bro. Conyers. — Ibid., p. 609. 

Dec. 28, 1741. — The lady of Dr. Edmond Gibson, Lord Bishop of London, in her 
chair. — Ibid., p. 666. 

Tinker. — Hon. Joseph T. Buckingham, in his "Personal Memoirs," Vol. 1, p. 2, 
states that he was a descendant of Thomas Tinker, who came to Plymouth in the "May- 
flower." According to Bradford's "History of Plymouth Plantation," pp. 449, 45*3, 
" Thomas Tinker and his wife, and a sone came passengers in the Mayflower," but 
" Thomas Tinker and his wife and sone all dyed in the first sicknes." The probability 
is, that Mr. Buckingham was a descendant of John Tinker, who, according to Far- 
mer, was of "Boston 1651, freeman 1654, Lancaster 1657, where he was town clerk. 
He went to 'Pequid' 1659. Willard's Hist. Lancaster." See lleg., p. 278. Caulkins' 
Hist. New London, p. 280. 

Dole. — In the Genealogical Dictionary, by Mr. Savage, it is stated that Benjamin 
Dole, a physician, of Hampton, was son of Richard Dole, of Newbury. But the Ben- 
jamin who he says m. Frances Sherburne, was a grand-son of said Richard, and son of 
John by Mary, dau. of Capt. William Gerrish. Benjamin and John (father and son) 
were both physicians. That Benjamin, son of the first Richard Dole, could not have 
been Dr. Benjamin of Hampton, is clear from a reference to the inscription on the 
tombstone of the latter in the old burial-ground at Hampton, which is in these words : — 

"Here Ives buried the body of | Dr. Benj" Dole, aged about | 27. Departed this | 
Life, May 8th, | 1707." 

Near the above-mentioned stone is another, thus inscribed : — 

"Love Dole, Dau. to Benjamin Dole, | aged 5 years, 1 mo. & 20 | dayes. dyed Jan- 
uary | 12th 1711." 

Payments for 1861. — Alton, 111., R. B. Smith; Baltimore, Md., E. H. Perkins; 
Barrington, N. II., J. S. Fernald ; Boscawen, N. II., W. Temple; Boston, R. Cutler, 
E. Nute, S. Walker, J. W. Thornton, H. Lee, Jr., A. Child, G. T. Thacher, N. W. 
Coffin, T. W. Peirce, D. C. Colesworthy, F. Kidder, C. Cutler; Brooklyn, N. Y, D. 
O. Kellogg; Buffalo, N. Y., E. S. Hawley; Burlington, S. Sewall ; Cambridge, J. 
Sparks, L. R. Paige, C. Lowell, E. Washburn; Cleveland, O., A. S. Sanford, P. H. 
Babcock, P. Thatcher, Jr., T. Breck ; Canton, E. Ames; Chelsea, S. Bassett, O. Mer- 
riam ; Chicago, III., E. S. L. Richardson; Durham, Ct., W. C. Fowler; Dedham, W. 
Ballard, A. Lamson ; Dorchester, A. Glover; Fitchburq, K. Brooks; Franklin, Ct., A. 
Woodward, A. B. Smith ; Hartford, Ct., J. H. Trumbull, J. B. Hosmer ; Jamaica 
Plain, A. H. Quint; Kenton, O., L. B. Case; Lawrence, J. R Rollins; Lenox, H. W. 
Taft; Lowell, J.Avery; Lynn, Amos Rhodes; Medway, A. LeB. Munroe; Middle- 
town, Ct., E. Stearns, J. Johnston ; Mineral Point, Wis., C. Woodman; Monson, J. R. 
Flvnt ; Nashua, N. II., R. E. Dewey; Newlmrupert, G. T. Chapman; Newport, R. I., 
S/Gibbs : New York, A. W. Morgan; G. W. Prat, O. Hovt, H. 1. Wright, G. S. Green ; 
Norfolk, Ct., R. Battell ; North Danvers, J. F. Parry; Norwich, Ct., S. Bliss, W. W. 
Williams ; Orrinaton, Me., A. Atwood ; Pawtucket, W. Tyler ; Philadelphia, Pa., B. 
T. Tredick, II. G. Jones ; Plymouth, A. L. Russell; Port/and, Me., T. A. Deblois, 
P. Athcnajum ; Poughkee/>sie, N. Y., B. J. Lossing; Racine, Wis., H. H. Hurlbut ; 
Rochester, N. Y., Roch. Hist. Society ; Rockingham, N. C, L. H. Webb ; Saco, Me,, 
E. P. Burnham ; South Grovelund, J W. Reed; Stonington, Ct., R. A. Wheeler; 
Troy, N. Y., J. Edwards, J. F. Winslow, G. B. Kellogg, 1. McConihe ; Washington, 
D. C, R. Mayo ; Watertown, N. Whiting ; Wcstjield, E. Davis, J. H. Stow, Jr.; Woon- 
socket, R. I., 1. B. Peck; Worcester, C. B. Whiting. 



Vol. XV. OCTOBER. 1861. No. 4. 


[The following is an extract from the Preface to a work entitled — 
" A | Discourse | of the | Glory | To which God hath called | Believ- 
ers | By Jesus Christ. | Delivered in some Sermons | out of the 1 Pet. 
v. Chap. 10 v. | Together | with an annexed Letter. | Both, hy that Em- 
inent & Worthy | Minister of the Gospel | Mr. Jonathan Mitchell, | 
late Pastor of the Church at | Cambridge in New England. | The Second 
Edition with a Preface | by Increase Mather, J). I). | Rom. 8. 30. 
Whom he called them he also Justified ; \ and whom he Justified, them he 
also Glorified. | 1 Joh. 3. v. 3. And every man that hath this hope | in 
him, purifieth himself, as he is pure. | Boston : Reprinted by B. Green, 
for J Benj. Eliot, and Sold at his Shop. 1721. | 12 mo. pp. 291.] 

" Concerning the Worthy Author of the Excellent Sermons* emitted 
herewith, it is needless for me to say much. The History of his Life, 
written by my Son, has been Printed at Boston, and since that at London.! 
A few words let me add for the Readers Information. 

Mr. Jonathan Mitchel, was born at Halifax in Yorkshire, A. D. 1624. 
His Father was one of the old Nonconfoimist Puritans, who left England 
and transported himself and Family for New-England, purely on the ac- 
count of Religion, in 1635. On the 15th day of August in that year, 
when they were on the Coast of New-England, they were surprised with 
an Hurricane, or sudden horrible Tempest; the Ship in which they were, 
was just running upon a great Rock, so that all hope that they should be 
saved was taken away ; but behold a Miracle of Providence, in a Moment 
the Wind turned about, and drove them from that Rock, on which they 
expected Shipwreck with the loss of all their Lives. This is the more to 
be observed, in that there were then in that Vessel Four Persons, Three 
of them Children, who were chosen Instruments to do singular Service 
for God and for His Churches. One of them was my Father, who after 
this was the Eminent Teacher of the Church in Dorchester in New-Eng- 
land for the space of more than Thirty Years. He was the chief in 
Composing (being appointed to that Service by the Ministers then in this 

* The chief part of the type used in the Preface to these Discourses, as in many other 
old books, is italic. We have reversed it in the present article, giving italic letters 
where they used roman, and roman where they had italic. 

t See the "Magnalia," ii. 66-113, for the "second edition" of Cotton Mather's life 
of Mr. Mitchell; with a dedicatory epistle by Increase Mather, dated May 7, 1697. 


90 Mitchell — Collins. [Oct. 

Colony) that Platjorm of Church Discipline, which is owned by the 
Churches in New-England, as gathered out of the Scriptures. Mr. 
Mitchel was in that Ship being then a Child of Eleven Years old ; and 
my Brother Samuel Mather, then Nine Years old, and my brother Na- 
thanael, then Five Years old. God had singular Service for them to do 
for His Churches, and therefore their Lives were saved. After Mr. 
Mitchel* was arrived in New-England, he employed his Son Jonathan in 
Secular affairs ; but the spirit of the Child was strongly set for Learning, 
and he prayed my Father to perswade his Father that he might have a 
Learned Education. My Father's perswasions happily prevailed with his 
Father, so that he sent this his Son to the College,! in order to his being 
fitted for the Ministry. His proficiency there was wonderful, so as that 
in a little time, he was found qualifyed to be One of the first Fellows 
established in that Society, Anno 1650. My Brother Samuel Mather was 
the first that was elected a Fellow of Harvard College in Cambridge : 
Mr. Mitchel was at the same time Elected and Confirmed by the Inspect- 
ors of the Society. Soon after which, he was Called to succeed the fa- 
mous Mr. Thomas Shepard, as Pastor of the Church in Cambridge, where 
he continued a burning and a shining Light for the space of Eighteen 
Years.J In July, 1668, he was taken ill. As soon as I heard of his 
being so, 1 visited him. I found him in a gracious frame. He said to 
me, He was willing to Live a while longer, that so he might do service 
for Christ and for His People : but if it were otherwise determined, the 
Will of the Lord be done. A few days after, the Learned, Aged, and 
Venerable President of the College Mr. Chauncey visited him, who per- 
ceiving the symptoms of death on him, said to him ; The Spirit and the 
Bride say, Come: He replyed, I know not why the Lord should say to 
such an Unworthy one as I a?n, Come to Me ! Nevertheless, Lord, at thy 
bidding 1 come to Thee. So did he leave Earth for Heaven, July 9, 1668, 
in the Forty third Year of his Age. I never knew any death that 
caused so great a Mourning and Lamentation generally ; He was greatly 
loved and honoured throughout all the Churches, as well as in Cambridge, 
and admired by the most competent judges of real worth. President 
Chauncey said to me, That if he would envy any Man in the World, either 
for his Grace or for his Learning, and uncommon Abilities, Mr. Mitchel 
would be the Man. He was blessed with admirable Natural (as well as 
acquired) Parts. His Judgment was solid, deep, and penetrating; His 
Memory was strong and vastly Capacious. He wrote his Sermons very 
largely. Those Emitted herewith are Transcribed and Printed from his 
own Notes. And he used to Write as large as here he has done, and then 
with inlargements to commit all to his Memory without once looking into 
his Bible after he had named his Text, and yet his Sermons were Scrip- 

* The father of Jonathan was named Matthew, not Jonathan, as stated by Cotton 
Mather, Farmer and others. See Drake's Hist, of Boston, note to p. 203. 

t He graduated at Harvard College in 1647. 

\ lie was ordained Aug. 21, 1650; m. Margaret, dau. of his predecessor, Rev. Tho's 
Shepard, by his first marriage, and had four sons and several daughters. Of the sons : 
Nathaniel, b. March 1, 1659 ; John; Samuel, b. Oct. 14, 1660, grad. H. C. 1681, was a 
Fellow of the College, and died young; Jonathan, grad. H. C. 1687, and d. March 14, 
1695. Neither of these sons left posterity. His dau. Margaret, m. June 12, 1682, Maj. 
Stephen Sewall of Salem, (son of Henry and James Sewall. He was b. at Baddesley, 
Eng., Aug. 19, 1657, and came to this country with his parents in 1661,) and was the 
mother of 17 children. In this line, descendants from Mr. Mitchell still remain. — 
Spragae'8 Annals oj the American Pulpit, i. 137 ; Farmer's Register. 

180 L] Mitchell— Collins. 291 

tural. His way of Preaching was vivacious and earnest, especially when 
he came to the close of his Sermon, when oft times there were more 
weepers than sleepers in the Congregation, under his awakening Ministry. 
That Letter* annexed to these Discourses, said to be written to a Friend, 
that honourable Gentleman Richard Saltonstall Esq., the grandfather of 
Ilim who is the present excellent and honourable Governour in Connecti- 
cut Colony, who was the first mover for the Printing of that pious and 
profitable Letter, informed me that it was written to Mr Mitchels Brother, 
Mr. David Mitchel. It is pity that no more of his Manuscripts are Pub- 
lished to the World, and in special his Expository Exercises, In the 
meantime let the Blessing of Heaven go along with these. 

Boston, October Increase Mather:'' 

15th. 1720. 

[The Preface to the volume of Discourses by Mr. Mitchell is followed 
by a recommendatory address to the reader, written by John Collins, 
dated June 29, 1677. He commences thus: — " The ensuing Treatise 
being transmitted to me by a friend from New England, with a desire of 
its Publication, I did in order thereunto seriously peruse it; and finding 
it (as far as I am able to judge) an excellent discourse, spiritually and 
powerfully managed and improved, and thereby most likely to redound 
to the edification of every Reader, * * * * I have been thereby induced 
to recommend it to such into whose hands it shall come," &c. 

Mr. Collins, toward the close of his epistle, in describing the character 
of xMr. Mitchell, says: — " His name is a precious oyntment, and his 
praise amongst all the Churches in that wilderness as being a Man of sin- 
gular learning, profound judgment, a master in that Israel, a Scribe in- 
deed, instructed for the Kingdom of God, of whom it may be said (as 
once was of another) that He was one, not only that he had a treasure, 
but was himself a treasure to the Church of God while he lived." 

There was a singular appropriateness in forwarding the manuscript of 
Mr. Mitchell's discourses to Mr. Collins, in England, for his approval and 
recommendation, pr